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Full text of "The parliamentary or constitutional history of England; being a faithful account of all the most remarkable transactions in Parliament, from the earliest times. Collected from the Journals of both Houses, the records, original manuscripts, scarce speeches, and tracts; all compared withthe several contemporary writers, and connected, throughout, with the history of the times. By several hands .."

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Being  a 


Of  all  the 

remarkable   Transactions 
In  Pa  r  l  I  a  m  e  n  t, 

From    the    earlieft    Times, 
T  o    T  H  E 

Reftoration  of  King  Charles  II. 

om  the  Journals  of  both  Houses,  the  Records, 
original  Manuscripts,  fcarce  Speeches,  and 
Tracts;  all  compared  with  the  feveral  Cocem- 
porary  Writers,  and  connected,  throughout,  with 
ibe  Hittory  of  the  Times. 

By  Seteral  Hanss. 

Vol.  IV. 
hidi  fioilhes  the  Reign  of  Q^en  Elizabeth. 


Printed  ;  and  fold  by  Thomas  OJbornet  mGrc/s  Im : 


FllUam  Sandby^  againft  St.BunJian*sCbtirch,Fkil-Jirttt. 






Pariiamentary   history 
O    F 


(HE  War  with  Frame h&r\gnavr 
•  aitually  begun,  and   the  Smews  of 

-.t  much  wanted  ;  Wrifs  were  fcnt  Q,„„Eii„b,tfc; 

I  out,  dated  at  WeJImtTiJler,   Novim- 

her  the  loth,  for  a  i'arliament  to 

]  meet  there,  on  the  tith   Day  of 

'January  following,  in  the  5th  Year  of  thisReJgn.  t>R«  n!  e 
On  the  Day  of  their  Meeting,  :he  Queen,  it  ""^jSi!  '  *' 
ieems,  was  again  indifpofed  ('a) ;  atiii  therefore  a- Ac  Weftnunflet, 
nother  Writ  of  Prorogation  was  produced  by  the 
Lord  Keeper  and  other  Lords  of  the  Council,  and 
read,  whereby  this  Parliament  was  prorogued  only 
lo  ihe  next  Day,  being  the  12th  ot  the  fame 

On  thai  Day  the  Parliament  began;  and  it  n»7 
rot  be  amife  to  give  ths  Form  of  the  Qiieen's  Procef- 
fion  to  the  Houfe  [h).  She  rode  that  Morning  from 
her  Palace,  in  great  State,  to  WeJimit)Jier  Abbey; 
accompany'd  with  all  the  Lords,  Spiritual  and 
Temporal.  The  Queen  was  clad  in  a  Crimfon 
Vol.  IV.  A  Velvet 

r«)Shewi9  romewtiat Tick  of  »  Stych.  Cm.  J<""- 

(h)  Sirjpr'i  jli^ali,  p.iJS.      SoiDeHiii'J'iirxiil,  p.  jS,  S'r. 
for  tJM  wbclt. 



a      The  Parliamentary  History 

QsMnZtiuhth.  Velvet  Robe,  the  Earl  of  Northumberland  bearing 
•S**'  the  Sword  before  her ;  all  the  Heralds  at  Arms  in 
their  rich  Mamies,  Trumpets  blowing,  Wf.  The 
Bilhops,  twenty-two  in  Number,  riding  in  their 
Robes  of  Scarlet  lined,  and  Hoods  down  their 
Backs  of  Minever  {c).  The  Queen  lighted  at  our 
Lady  of  Grab's  Chapel,  and,  with  her  noble  and 
ftately  Retinue,  went  in  at  the  North  Door  of  the 
Abbey,  where  (he  heard  a  Sermon  preach'd  by  Dr 
Nowelly  Dean  of  St  Fours ;  and  then  a  Pfalm  being 
fung,  (he  and  her  honourable  Company  went  out 
of  the  South  Door,  to  the  Parliament  Chamber, 
and  foon  after  to  the  Houfe. 

The  Lord  Keeper's  Speech,  and  other  initial  Ce- 
remonies, are  omitted  in  the  Lords  Jcurmli  but  are 
fupplied  in  Sir  Symjnrfj  Deifei's.  Who  tells  us,  that 
the  Queen  being  prefeni,  andtheHoufes  met,  the 
Lord  Keeper,  Bacon,  by  her  Command,  opened 
the  Caufe  of  the  Summons  in  thefe  Words  ; 

My  Lords  and  ethers  of  this  honmrable  Affembly, 

*  "\/"0U  (hall  underftand,  ihat   my  moft  dread 

*  j[     and  Sovereign  Lady  the  Q^ieen's  Majefty, 
'  here  prefent,   hath  commanded  me  to  declare  the 

The  Lord  Keep-*  Occafion  of  this  Afiembly  ;  which  I  am  notable 

er'sSptechatO-  (  (^ut  unmcel)  todo,  as  it  ought  to  be  done,  among 

^"8  "    '  fucha  nobie,  wife  and  difcreet  Company.  How- 

'  beit, knowing  the  Experience  of  herMajelly,  bear- 

*  jng  with  fuch  as  do  their  good  Wills,   and  your 
'  Honours  Patience,  in  bearing  with  me  in  the  like, 

*  afore  this  Time  ;    it  encourageth  me  the  better 

*  herein,  not  doubting  of  the  like  at  this  prefenc. 

*  Therefore,  my  Lords,  theOccaiioii  is,   that  nc- 

*  ceflary  Matters  be  providL-d  for,  propounded  and 

*  fcanned,  and  after  agreed  upon  and  ended,  which 

*  aftL-wards  (hill  remain    and    continue  ;    which 

*  Matters,  in  my  Judgment,  may  well  be  divided 
'  into  two  Parts  ;   one  couching  Religion,  for  the 

*  fetLJng  forth  of  God's  Honour  and  Glory  ;  and 
'  the  other  concerning  Policy,  for  the  Common- 

'  wealth  ; 

{O  Beaver  Skin.  Mwevrr,  a  Fr.  O.  Minuyer,  Minuvair,  Pcllii 
Umii  C'jujdam  Pmici  ad  fiffu/citiidas  Vijli-  k,birnas  rxfaila. 

Skinnci'j  Eija.  DiB. 


0/  ENGLAND.  3 

*  wealth;  as  well  forProvifionat  home,  ss  topro-Qoee„Eji„iath.  j 
'  vide  for  the  Foreign  Enemy  abroad  :  Which  faid        156*. 

*  Matters  of  Religion,  may  again  be  divided  into 
'  two  Parts  ;  for  God's  Caufc  being  fincere)y 
'  weighed,  confider'J  and  followed,  bringeth  forth 

*  good  Succefs  in  all  Affairs  ;  and  being  not  fol- 
'  lowed,  butnegledted,  and  made  light  of,  how 
'  can  any  Thing  profper  or   take  good  Effeft? 

*  And  the  greater  the  Pcrfonages  be  which  fo  abufc 
'  the  fame,  the  greatenhe  Fault  is,  to  the  Damage 

*  of  the  whole  Commonwealth  ;  for  all  Men's  Eyes 

*  be  fixed  on  thofe  who  be  in  Authoriiy  ;  for   as 

*  the  Head  is,  even  fo  is  the  Foot ;    and  after  the 

*  Superior  followeth  the  Inferior.     For  as   God's 

■  Law  itfelf  is  peifeit,  fo  there  is  no  Imperfeftion 

*  therein,  but  that  which  comeih  of  ourfelves, 
'  wherein  1  cannot  excufe  either  the  Spiritualty  or 

*  Laity.     For  as  the  Preachers  be  not  fo  diligent 

*  in  their  Vocation  of  Preaching,  as  they  ought  to 

*  be,  even  fo  we  of  the  Laity  be  neither  fo  diligent 

*  in  hearing,  nor  yet  in  doing,  as  we  fhould  be. 

*  And  thirdly,  feme  of  the  Laity,  in  not  giving 
'  Credit  unio  it,  as  it  ought  for  to  be.     For  as  all 

*  in  Authority  ought  to  be  credited,  and  their  Do- 

*  ings  taken  in  the  beft  Part,  yet  I  would  wifli  the 

*  fame   Ihould  continue  no  longet  than  they  do 

*  well. 
*  And  where  at  this  prefent  there  is  great  Want 

*  of  .Minifters,  and  fome  of  them  that  be,  be  much 

*  infufScient  ;    which,  confidering  the  Time,  are 

■  tobeborn  wiihiU,  not  doubling  the  Circumfpec- 

*  tionof  the  Bilhops  in  well  looking  to  the  placing 

*  of  fuch,    which   fh.ill  be   appointed   hereafter  j 

*  and  thofe  which  be,  and  wil!  not  be  reformed,  to 

*  have  ftiarp  Punidiment,     For  as  heretofore  the 

*  Difcipline  of  the  Church  hath  not  been  good ;  and 

*  again>    that    the    Minifters  thereof  have   been 

*  flothful  ;  even  fo  for  Want  of  the  lame  hath 
'  rprung  two  Enormities :  The  firft  is,  that  for  lack 

*  thereof,  every  Mmliveth  as  he  will,  without 
'  Fear  ;    ?.^<i  fecondly,  many   Ceremonies  agreed 

*  upon*  but  the  light  Ornaments  thereof  are  either 

A  a  'left 

Queen  Blizabetht 

4      The  Parliamentary  History 

left  undone  or  forgotten.     As  in  one  Point,  for 
Want  of  Difcipline  it  is  that  fo  few  come  to 
Service,  and  the  Chifrch  fo  unreplenifh'd,  notwith- 
ftandirg  that  at  the  laft  Parliament,  a  Law  was 
made  for  good  Order  to  be  obferved  in  the  fame  ; 
but  yet,  as  appeareth,  not  yet  executed.    There- 
fore if  it  be  too  eafy,  let  it  be  made  fharper,  and 
if  already  well,   then  fee  it  executed.     For  the 
Want  of  Difcipline  caufeth  Obftinacy,  Contempt 
and  growing  of  Herefy ;    therefore  better  to  be 
winked  at  and  unfpoken,  than  bruted  abroad  and 
unperformed  :  Therefore,  in  mine  Opinion,  the 
Device  is  good,  that   in  every  Diocefe  there  be 
Officers  appointed  and  devifed,    as  hath   been 
thought  good,  to  fit  for  the  Redrefs  of  thefe  and 
fuch  like  Errors,  twice  or  thrice  a  Year,   till  the 
Faults  be  amended.     In  which  well  doing,  the 
Head-Officers  are  to  be  born  withall,  and  main- 
tained ;  and  Laws  to  be  made  for  the  Purpofe  : 
The  chief  Care  of  which  faid  former  Matters 
pertaineth  to  you,  my  Lords  of  the  Spiritualty  ; 
wherein  you  muft  take  Pains  to  travel,  where- 
unto  be  Laws  to  be  joined  ;  not  only  for  the  more 
perfefting  of  the  fame,  but  for  the  Maintenance, 
as  well  of  the  Heads  as  the  Minifters  thereof. 
*  Now  to  the  fecond  Part,  of  Policy  for    the 
Commonwealth  ;    for   as  there  be  Faults   for 
Want  of  Difcipline,  fo  are  there  Faults  in  the 
Imperfedtion,  and  Want  of  Execution,  which 
Imperfeftion  muft  be  look'd  unto ;  and  Want  of 
Laws  which  needeth  to  be  provided  for  and  made  ; 
and  to  confider,  if  there  be  not  too  many  Laws 
for  one  Thing,  and  thofe  fo  large  and  buly,  that 
neither  the  Commons  can  underftand  the  fame, 
nor  yet  well  the  Lajvyer,  which  would  be  brought 
into  feme  briefer  and  better  Order,   and  there  ex- 
ecuted.    For  which  Purpofe,  it  is  neceflary  to 
take  care,  to  have  good  Minifters  thereof ;  and 
fecondly,  to  banifli  all  Fearfulnefs  for  profccut- 
ing  the  fame  ;  and  oVer  and  befides,  that  to  ap- 
point proved  Men  to  inquire  of  thefe  Minifters, 
whereby  they  may  have  the  better  Regard  to  their 

*  Duty  ; 


0/   ENGLAND.       5 

Duty :  For,  even  as  [he  Vifitaticn  of  the  Church  Qaee 
is  and  was  well  appointed  for  the  Church,  fonow 
is  the  lifce  to  be  appointed  for  the  Temporally, 
For  if  Che  Laws  be  not  well  executed,  my  Part 
is  not  the  leaft  thereof,  which  yearly  I  would  be 
glad  to  hear  of.  The  third  for  the  Enemy,  as 
well  here  bred  amongil  us,  as  abroad  :  For 
whereas  the  Queen's  Majefty  at  her  Eiirrance 
found  this  Realm  in  War  with  Foreign  Power, 
at  which  Time  Lack  of  Treafuie,  Artillery, 
Force,  and  other  Thiiigs,  caufed  her  to  agree  to 
a  Peace,  although  no[  the  beft,  howbeit  for  our 
Surety  flie  fpared  no  Coft  to  Bring  it  to  pils  ; 
which  notwithftanding,  of  laier  Time,  certain 
old  Cankered  Enemies  of  this  Realm,  kitempied 
to  put  in  Execution  to  bring  theSculs  to  the  Go- 
vernance of  France,  and  fo  being  a  firm  Land  to 
ours,  to  have  been  our  uller  Enemies ;  which 
Danger  the  Q^ieen  foreleting,  fo  ight  by  all 
Means,  as  well  by  her  EmbaffaJors  as  others,  to 
ftay  the  Enierpnze,  but  could  roti  and  theiefore 
helped  her  Neighbours  of  SfJf/dW,  and  fo  diiap- 
pointed  that  Attempt ;  or  elfe  afore  this  Time 
I  doubt  the  Sioit'/b  Territories  would  have  been 
too  little  to  have  holden  them,  but  that  they 
would  have  troubled  us,  not  only  at  BerwUk^tiat 
at  the  Wills  oiiiirk;  which  Attempt,  being  by 
the  Means  of  herMajefty  flayed  and  letted,  the  feid 
bent  Enemies  have  attempted  the  fame  in  France, 
to  the  whole  Difturbance  of  all  Chriftendsmy  and 
all  done  for  the  Mifchief  of  this  Realm,  joined 
wilhadevilifh  Confpiracy  within  ourfelves,  tend- 
ing to  the  aiding  of  the  Foreign  Enemy  ;  and  by 
their  own  Confeflion,  to  have  raifcd  a  Rebellion 
in  thii  Realm :  And  for  that  by  notie  of  her 
Grace's  Travels  or  Means,  Ihe  could  there  ftay 
their  Enterprife,  or  make  them  agree,  flie  was 
forced  the  rather  to  ftay  the  lame,  for  the  Surety 
of  tills  Realm,  to  the  no  little  Charge  of  her  Ma- 
jefty :  For  in  the(e  Proceedings,  and  in  repait- 
ing  of  thefe  and  other  like  Fault?,  I  dare  be  bold 

A3  '  ta       ' 

6    The  Tarliamentary  History 

inEliiabtth. '  ^°  ^^f  ^^°''  ^^^^  ^  ^"^  thereof  afliir'd)  it  hath  coft 

jjoi.         '  her  Majefty  as  much  as  two  ot  the  beft  Sublldies, 

'  which  at  any  Time  hath  been  within  this  Realm  ; 

'  and  all  at  her  own  proper  Charges,  without  ei- 

*  either  ftraining  of  her  Subjc6ls,  or  having  Aid  of 

*  them,  towards  the  fapic.     Howbeit  fhe  yet  think- 

*  eth  it  well  fpent  ;  for  often  it  chanceth,  that 
'  Money  is  better  Tpent  than  fpared  ;  as  the  com- 
'  mon  Saying  is.  That  a  Penny  is  well  fpenC  which 
'  afterwards  faveth   a  Pound.  •  And   fo  in  this,  if 

*  that  Money  had  not  been  To  fpent,  in  IVaying  in 

*  Time  their  attempted  Entcrprifea,  it  would  af- 
'  terwards  have  tyrncd  to  no  little  Prejudice,  nor 

*  yet   fmall  Charge   of  this  Realm.      And   where 

*  afore  this  Time  Princes  commonly  have  had  fome 

*  Vein  or  Delight  to  fpend  Treafure  upon  for  their 

*  Pleafure,  which  the  Qiieen   hath  none,  but  only 

*  for  the  Commonwealth  and  Surety  thereof;  lo 

*  that  we   may  moft  jultly  and  fortunately  fay  to 

*  her  great  Praite,  thatthe  relieving  of  the  Realm's 

*  Neceflities  is  our  Prince's  whole  Delight  .■  And 

*  notwithftanding  all  the    Disburiements  of    thefe 
— —          *  her  great  Charges,  yet  flic  was  (as  I  right  well 

'  know^  very  hardly  brought  to,  and  perluaded  to 
'  call  this  Parliament,  in  which  fhe  fhould  be  dri- 

*  ven  to  require  any  Aid,  or  by   any  Means  to 

*  charge  her  Subjedls,  if  by  any  other  Means  it 
'  might  have  been  holpen  ;  and  fo  her  Majefty 
'  herfelf  commanded  to  be  declared.  And  1  for 
'  my  Part,  and  fo  do  others  very  well  know  ;  for 
'  the  Commons  little    think  or   confider  what  a 

*  Trouble  Want  is  to  her,  whereby  (he  is  forced 

*  to  ask  of  them,  (which  furely  isagainll  her  Na- 

*  lure)  but  that  fhe  is  thcteunlo  forced,  for  the 
'  Surely  of  this  Realm. 

*  And  far  that  the  Nether  Houfe  cannot,  being 

*  fo  many  logciJier,  but  of  Necellity   mull  have 

*  one   to  he  a  Mouth,  Aider  or   InftruiSor  unto 

*  them,  for  the  Opening  of  Matters,    which   is 

*  called  the  Speaker  ;    therefore  go  and  aflemble 

*  yourfelves  together  and  eleft  one,  a  difcreet, 
t  wife^  and  learned  Man,  to  be  your  Speaker,  and 

0/  ENGLAND.  7 

*  on  Friday  next  the  Queen's  Majpfty  appointcth  QuKnEUubeth. 

*  10  repair  hither  again,  for  to  receive  the  Pre  fen  t-       '^**' 

*  meat  of  him  accordingly.' 

On  the   -i^tho^  January,  the  Commons  came 
again  before  llie  Queen,  and  prefenied  I'bomai  IVil-  Thnmas  wiiii- 
liams,  Efq;  one  of  ihe  Fellows  of  the  Inner  Tem- '"''^''^i^r"'" 
pie,  their  Speaker  elcft  ;   whofe  Excufe  forlnfuf-"' 
ficiency  not  being  allow'd,  he  made  a  moll  elabo- 
rate Speech  on  his  Induflion  ;  which,  for  the  Ra- 
"Erity  of  the  Stile,  and  other  Incidents,  is  judged  as 
Worthy  of  a  Place  in   this  Hiftory  as  the  Lord 

Msji  Hiftsurablt, 
'     A   Lthough  afore  this  Time   the  Place   hath 

*  J\  been  furnifhed  with  Orators,  and  therefore  J^^^p'^J^J^, 

*  iheir  Matter  entreated  of  worthily  call'd  an  Ora-  ifeun. 

*  lion  ;  yet  I  now,  void  of  any  luch  Knowledge, 
*, require  that  Name  may  he  left,  and  thqt  it  might 

*  bear  the  Name  of  ^n  Epiftle  wiih  a  Requcft. 
'  And  for  the  better  Underftand'ng   ;hen.-of,    'Will 

*  divide  the  Matter  into  iliree  Parts  ;  one  lor  Time 

*  paft  ;  and  the  fecond,    Time  prefent  ;  and   tlie 

*  third,  Time  to  come.     But  fearing  to  full  he- 

*  tween  two  Mountains,  as  to  be  counted  either 

*  ungrate,  or  diflembling,  I  know   not  what    to 

*  fay  ;  but  yet  feeing  Savage  Beafts  forget  not 
•them  who  do  well  unCo  them,  as  appeareth  by 

*  the  Story  of  a  Lyon,  out  of  whofe  Foot  a  certain 

*  Man  took  a  Thorn,  which  faid  Perfon  being  af- 

*  lerwardfi  caft  to  the  fame  Lyon  to  be  devoured, 

*  the  Lyon  rot  forgetting,  but  remembering  the 

*  former  Kindnefs  fliewed  unto  him,  would  not 
'  devour  him,  but  ever  after  followed  the  fame 
'  Man  ;  even  fo,  without  loo  much  Ingratitude, 
'  can  I  not  let  pafs  your  Majefty's  manifold  Benc- 

*  fits  extended  upon  us  j  which  although  worthily 
■  to  be  declared,  they  pafs  my  Capacity  now  to  ex - 

*  prefs  ;  yet  think  it  Blafphemy  to  fuffer  it  clean 
'  to  be  untouch'd,  and  therefore  in  fome  part  wiU 

.  *  put  in  remembrance  the  fame  ;  which  I  will  di- 

'  vide  into  two  Parts,  the  one  fpititual  the  other 

*  leroporah 


8      The  Tarliamentary  History 

temporal.  I'^or  the  firft,  when  God  planted  your 
Highnefs  in  this  Place,  you  found  it  not  lb  fur- 
ni{h*d  with  Treafure  as  other  your  Predeceflbrs 
have,  although  if  you  had,  yet  Occafions  enough 
to  employ  it  ;  which  notwithftanding,  you  did 
not  take  the  Extremity  of  Penal  Statutes,  and 
other  Forfeitures,  due  unto  you,  but  pardoned 
all  fuch  as  in  Time  convenient  requir'd  it.  Alfo 
your  Majefty  did  vouchfafe  to  take  upon  you  the 
Charge  of  both  the  States,  as  well  Spiritual  as 
Temporal,  and  fo  purged  this  Church  of  all  ill 
Service,  and  placed  therein  Service  to  God's  Ho- 
nour. Further,  what  great  Plague  and  Dearth 
happened  by  ill  Money  this  twenty  Years  laft 
paft,  which  within  one  Year  is  brought  to  good 
again,  with  little  Lofs  of  your  Subjedls  ?  Yout 
Majefty  prevented  alfo,  as  well  the  Attempt  in 
Scotiandy  made  by  your  common  Enemy  riiefe, 
as  now  of  late  again  in  France  ;  which  otherwife, 
if  it  had  not  been  forefeen,  would  have  turned  to 
the  no  little  Peril,  and  Lois  of  this  your  Realm, 
and  Subjeds  thereof.  Alfo  your  Highnefs  hath 
been  Author  of  good  Laws,  as  appeareth  by- 
thofe  made,  both  of  the  laft  Parliament,  and  by 
your  other  Proclamations  fince.  Further,  find- 
ing this  Realm  at  your  Entrance  in  Wars,  you 
brought  it  in  Peace  :  All  which  former  Proceed- 
ings have  been  a  great  Charge  unto  your  Majefty, 
which  although  the  Revenues  of  the  Crown  be 
fmall,  yet  hath  it  hitherto  only  been  done  of  your 
own  Charge,  as  the  laft  Day  by  the  Lord  Keeper 
it  was  declared.  And  for  the  laft  Part,  and  prin- 
cipal Point  of  all  other,  your  Highnefs  bath 
brought  and  reftored  again  God's  Doftrine  into 
this  Realm ;  for  which  your  humble  Subjefts 
moft  heartily  give  Thanks  to  God,  and  you,  by 
the  Mouth  of  me  their  appointed  Speaker. 
*  For  the  fecond  Point,  being  Time  prefent ; 
jrbur  Majefty  is  the  Head,  and  the  Body  the 
Spiritually  and  the  Temporally,  which  Body  is 
to  be  divided  into  three  Eftates,  the  Lords  Spiri- 
tual, and  the  Lords  Temporal,  and  the  Com- 

^  monst 



0/   ENGLAND.        p 

mons,  whofeMouth  I  am  ;  which  by  no  means  QuwnEiinbeth. 
can  profper,  the  one  without  the  other  i  for  as  any  •s^i- 
Eftate  divided  cannot  well  continue,  fo  in  this; 
and  therefore  fay,  Na/a  leipfum,  not  minding  to 
fpeak  Ihefe  Words  only  lo  you,  but  to  ihe  whole 
Body  ;  for  although  the  Head  may  lack  a  Mem- 
ber of  Ihe  Body,  and  yet  continue  ;  yet  fo  the 
Member  cannot  wane  the  Head,  nor  yet  the 
Head  the  whole  Sody,  but  the  Want  of  the  one 
of  thefe  laft  two  (hall  be  the  Ruin  of  the  other ; 
and  therefore  of  NecelTity,  for  the  fure  Preferva- 
tion  of  the  whole,  it  behoveth  them  firmly  to 
join  together  ;  for  though  your  Highnefs  be  the 
Head,  and  therefore  the  chief  Care  periaineth 
to  you,  yet  your  Majefty  cannot  throughly  re- 
drefs  [he  fame,  without  Knowledge  of  the  Faults, 
nor  yet  well  underftand  the  whole  State,  except 
the  other  Parts  of  the  Body  join  with  you,  and 
put  to  their  helping  Hands.  I  find  in  divers  Hi- 
ftoriea  great  Commodities  grow  to  Princes,  by 
fearching  out,  not  only  the  Wants  of  their  Sub- 
jefts,  but  Knowledge  of  their  Talk  ;  whereby 
they  better  both  underftand  theirown  Faults,  and 
the  Flatterers  they  haveabout  them  ;  which  Or- 
der the  wife  and  prudent  Marcus  Auriliui  ufed, 
and  long  Time  reigned  honourably.  The  noble 
Conqueror  Alexandtr,  in  the  Beginning  of  his 
Reign,  ufed  the  fame;  but  leaving  thatOrder, 
and  having  no  Regard  to  bis  living,  was  deftroy'd  ; 
which  like  Example  was  feen  by  that  notable  and 
valiant  Warrior  Julhn  Cafar,  And  being  en- 
couraged by  thefe  like  Examples,  and  others,  to 
enter  into  feme  Abufes  ufed  in  this  Realm,  I  will 
onlyfpeakof  three,  being  all  three  notable  Mon- 
fters,  Necellity,  Ignorance,  and  Error.  Necef- 
flty  is  grown  amon;jftourfelves,  fo  that  no  Man 
is  contented  with  his  Degree,  though  he  hath 
never  fo  much ;  but  where  (he  is  fas  the  Proverb 
faith)  the  hath  no  Law;  fur  how  now  be  all 
Schools,  Benefice?,  and  other  l;'-:t  Rooms  fur- 
uifhtd,  an  \  yet  thofe  fnr  Sciiools  lo  few,  that  I 
dare  fay  a  hundred  Schools  want  in  England^ 


10      TIjs  ^Parliamentary  HrsTORr 

h.  *  which  before  this  Time  have  been.     And  if  in 

*  every  School  there  had  been  but  an  hundred  Scho- 
'  lars,  yet  thai  bad  been  ten  thoufand  ;  fo  that 
'  now  I  doubt  whether  there  he  fo  many  learned 

*  Men  in  England^  as  the  Number  wants  of  thefe 

*  Scholars. 

'  The   fecond  Monfter  is  her  Dauohter  Igno- 

*  ranee;  for  want  of  ten  thaufand  Scholars,  which 

*  thele  Schools  were  the  hringcr'i  up  of,  and  want 

*  of    good    School-mafters,    bringeth   Ij^norancc  ; 

*  but  the  Occalion  of  thefe  two  Monfters,  is  for 

*  want  of   Livings  and  Prefermsnis;    for  Cove t- 

*  oufnefc  hath  gotten  the  Livings,  as  by  Improptia- 

*  tions,  which  is  a  Decay  of  Learning.     For  by  it 

*  the  Tree  of  Knowledge  groweih  downwards,  and 

*  not  upwards,  as  it  was  firft  meant  and  made  for  ; 

*  and  growetli  thereby  gready  to  the  Diflionour 

*  both  of  God  and  this  Commonwealih.  The  U- 
'  niverfities  are  decayed,  and  great  Market  Towns, 

*  and  others,  without  either  School  or  Preacher  \ 

*  for  the  poor  Vicar  hath  but  only  twenty  Pound, 

*  and  the  reft,  being  no  fmall  Sum,  is  Impropri* 

*  ate  ;  and  fo  thereby  no  Preacher  there,  but  ihe 
'  People  being  trained  up  and  led  in  BHndnefs,  for 

*  wsnt  of  Initruftions,  become  obftinate.     And 

*  therefore  to  fee  to  it,  and    that  Impropriations 

*  may  be  redrefs'd,  notwithllanding  the  Laws  a!- 

*  ready  made. 

'  The  third  Monfter  is  Error,  a  Serpent  with 
'  m.iny  Heads,  many  evil  Opinions,  and  much 
'  evil  Life,   as   Pelagians,  Libertines,  Papiits,  and 

*  fuch  others,  leaving  God's  Commandments,  to 
'  follow  their  own  Traditions,  Affet^ions  and 
'  Minds.     B'Jt  if  the  Papift  be,  as  indeed  he  is,  in 

*  Error,  let  us  feek  the  Redreis  thereof ;   for  that 

*  the  Poor  and  Ignorant  be  thereby  abuled.     Until 

*  which  Rcdrefs  be  had,  you  nor  your  Realm,  rei- 

*  ther  at  home  nor  abroad,  Ihaii  ever  be  well  ibrved 
'  of  fuch  People,  which  be  fo  divided;  and  there- 
'  fore  fpeedily  look  to  it,  and  weed  out  this  Wick- 
'  ednefs  and  Error  wiiiiin  ihefe  our  Days,  which 
'  is  too  much   known  now  adays  i    for  if  your 

'  Godly 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ii 

Gc<JIy  Proclamations  were  not  fo  foon  forgotten,  Qs""  ^i'"l«'l'- 
ihcy  would  be  amended.  In  the  Country  1  heard  '5*'" 
tell,  but  fince  I  cime  hither,  walking  in  the 
Streets,  I  have  heard  oftentimes  more  Oaths  than 
Words  i  a  pitiful  hearing  !  for  if  the  /Egyptia/tSy 
by  whofe  Laws  the  People  loft  their  Hands,  and 
amongft  the  Barbarians  loft  iheir  Lives,  for 
fwcaring,  and  efpecially  if  it  were  a  Lie:  If  it 
were  fo  punilhed  amongft  them,  being  Infidels, 
what  Ihall  there  be  no  PuniflimenC  amongft  us 
being  Chriftians  ?  Is  Truth  further  from  us  pro- 
fefling  the  Name  of  Chrifl,  and  being  Chriftians, 
than  from  them  being  Infidels?  But  even  as 
Tantalus  was  plagued,  fo  are  we  i  far  although 
he  had  Apples  even  hanging  at  his  Mouth,  yet 
could  he  not  eat  any  of  them  ;  and  having 
a  River  of  Water  even  as  it  were  running  by  his 
Li[K,  yet  could  ht  not  drink,  but  died  for  Hun- 
ger and  Thirft  :  Ev^:n  fo  are  we  plagued  ;  for 
having  God'a  Word,  and  his  Name  ever  in  our 
Mouths,  yet  we  live  as  Infidels,  or  as  them  that 
are  furlheft  from  the  fame  ;  and  fo  having  e- 
nougb,  there  is  Scarcity.  And  that  we  may  a- 
void  this  Blafphemy,  and  the  other  Monilers, 
your  humble  Subjefls  delirc  your  Highnefs  to  fee 
to  the  lamentable  Eftate  of  this  Commonwealth, 
and  the  Redrelsofthe  fame. 
*  Having  perufed  Times  paft  and  Times  prefent, 
let  us  go  to,  and  well  remember  the  Time  to 
come.  For  Caia  faith,  a  Thing  well  begun 
{hall  be  well  ended;  fo  then  followeth  of  a  good 
Beginning  a  good  Ending.  For  that  noble  Cap- 
tain Hanibal,  environ 'd  with  his  Enemies,  in  », 
ftrange  Country,  founded  his  Trumpet  to  Coun- 
cil, and  thereby  profpered.  So  your  Mnjefly 
hath  now  called  the  Prelates,  Nobles,  and  Com- 
mons, toCouncil,  for  Surety  of  the  Realm.  We 
now  fo  therefore  aflembled,  as  diligent  in  our 
Calling,  have  tljought  good  to  move  your  Ma- 
jefty,  with  the  Aflent  of  this  Aflembly,  to  build 
aftrongForl  for  the  Surety  of  the  Realm,  to  the 
*  repuliing  of  your  Enemies  abroad  i  which  muft 
■  bje 

12    The  Tarliamentary  History 

-  _      iir   I  .L  '  be  fet  upon  firm  Ground,  and  ftedfaft,  havlna 
1561.  two  Oates,  one  commonly  open,  the  other  as  a 

*  Poftern,  with  two  Watchmen  at  either  of  tliem, 
'  one  Governor,  one  Lieutenant,  four  Soldiers, 
'  and  no  good  Thinfi;  there  wanting.     The  fame 

*  to  be  named,  the  Fear  of  GoJ  ;  the  Governor 

*  thereof  to  be  God,  your  M,ijeity  the  Lieute- 
'  nant,  the  Stones  the  Hearts  of  faithful  People,  the 

*  two  Watchmen  at  the  open  Gate  to  be  call'd 

*  Knowledge  and  Virtue,    the  oiher  two  at  the 

*  Poftern  to  be  call'd  Mercy  and  Truth  ;  all  being 
'  Spiritual  iVIinifters. 

*  This  Fort  is  invincible,  if  every  Man  will  fear 
'  God  ;  for  all  Governors  reign  and  govern  by  the 
'  two  Watchmen,  Knowledge  and  Virtue  ;  and 
'  if  you,  being  the  Lieutenant,  fee  Juftice  with 
'  Prudence   her  Sifter  executed,    you  fliall  then 

*  rightly  ufe  the  Office  of  a  Lieutenant  ;  and  for 
'  fuchas  departoutof  this  Fort,  let  them  be  let  out 
'  at  the  Poftern  by  the   two  Watchmen,  Mercy 

*  and  Truth  ;  and  then  you  fhall  be  well  at  home 

*  and  abroad.     The  Charge  of  this  Fort   is  yours, 

*  being  Lieutenant.  By  Juftice  your  Phce  is 
'  fettled,  whereunto  Obedience  ought  to  be  taught 

*  and  done ;  which  your  Majefty  ought  to  look  to. 

*  And  fo  now  the  Fear  of  God  to  be  a  fure  Fort, 
'  the  Subje£ls  Hearts  the  Stones,  Knowledge,  Vir- 

*  tue,  Mercy  and  Truth,  the  four  Watchmen, 
'  God  the  Governor,  and  yourMajefty  the  Lieu- 

*  tenant.  Is  well  proved.  Therefore  to  build  up- 
'  on  this  Fort,  the  Fear  of  God,  is  nothing  lacfc- 

*  ing  to  a  happy  Life  ;  for  by  God  are  all  Princes 
'  appointed.  Who  put  down  Sau!?  Who  made 
'  David  King,  who  fought  only  God's  Glory  and 
»  fo  profpcred .'  As  did  Jefaphat,  Jofias,  and  He- 
'  zechidi,  and  alio  'ihas,  as  long  as  they  fought 
'  God's  Glory,  protpered  ;  but  forgetting  God, 
'  were  overthrown  .-  Therefore  firft  of  all,  and 
'  continually  vouchfafe  to  feek  God's  Glory,  and 
'  his  true  Honour,  and  then   you  fhall  have  this 

'    Fort  well  built,  and  by  j'ou  well  governed. 
;  Further  I  am  to  be  a  Suitor  to  your  Majefty, 
*  that 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       13 

*  that   when   Matters  of   Importance  fliall  arife,  Qu» 

*  whereupon   it  fliall  be  neceflary  to  have  your 

*  Highnefs's  Opinion,  that  then  I  may  have  free 

*  Accefs  unto  you  for  the  fame  j  and  the  like  to  the 

*  Lords  of  the  Upper  Houfe. 

*  Secondly,  That  in  repairing  from  the  Nether 

*  Houfe  to  your  Majefty,  or  the  Lords  of  the  Up- 
'  per  Houfe,  to  declare  their  Meanings,  and  I  mif- 
'  taking  on  uttering   the   lame  contrary   to  their 

*  Meaning,  that  then  my  Fault  or  Imbecility   in 

*  decUring  thereof  be  not  prejudicbl  to  the  Houfe, 

*  but  that  I  may  again  repair  to  them,  the  better  to 

*  underftand  their  Meanings,  and  fo  they  to  reform 

*  the  fame. 

*  Thirdly,   That   the  Aflembly  of  the  Lower 

*  Houfe  may  have  frank  and  free  Liberties  to  fpeak 

*  their  Minds,  without  any  Coniroulmem,  Blame, 

*  Grudge,  Menaces  or  Difpleafure,   according  to 

*  the  old  ancient  Order. 

*  Finally,  That  the  old  Privilege  of  the  Houfe 

*  be  obferved,  which  is,  ihat  they  and  theirs  might 

*  i)e   at   Liberty,  frank    and   free,  without  Arreit» 

*  Moleftation,  Trouble,  or  oiher  Damage  to 
i  their  Bodies,  Lands,  Goods   or  Servants,  with 

*  all  other  their  Liberties,  during  the  Time  of  the 
'  faid  Parliament  ;    whereby  they  may   the  better 

*  attend,  and  do  their  Duty;    all  which  Privileges 

*  I  dcfire  may  be  enrolled,  as  at  other  Times  it 

*  hath  been  accuftom'd. 

*  And  thus  having  been  tedious  unto  you  with 

*  my  Speech,  void  of  Eloquence,  I  crave  your 
'  Pardon,    and   defire   your  Majefty  to  accept  of 

*  my  Heart  and  goodwill,  as  well  at  this  Time  as 

*  after  j  and  I  will  pray  as  I  am  bounden,  for  your 

*  Honour  long  to  reign  over  us, 

We  omit  the  Lord  Keeper's  Anfwer,  being  no- 
thing but  what  was  common  on  fuch  Occafions. 

It  was  now  that  the  Oath  of  Supremacy  was  firll 
taken  by  all  the  Members  of  both  Houles  ;  purfu- 
ant  to  an  A&.  of  Parliament  made  in  the  firft  Year 
of  this  Reign, 


14    'Ti'Js  'Parliamentary  Histort 

fefenEiiraliitli.  '^^^  Jsurnals  of  [he  Lords  begin  with  a  Bill,  for 
1561,  the  good  ordering  and  governing  of  the  Queen's 
Majefty  's  Garrifon  of  the  Town  of  Berwick.  This 
Frontier  -  Place  being  judged  very  necelTary  to 
be  taken  Care  of  at  that  Time.  Anoiher  Bill 
palled  the  Houfe,  alfo,  for  preventing  Horfes  and 
Geldings  to  be  carried  out  of  the  Realm,  into  Scot- 
land, orclfewhere. 

Nothing  farther,  very  material, happened  in  their 
Proceedings,  till  February  ihe  lolh,  when  a  Bill  for 
granting  a  Supply  was  lent  up  by  the  Commons. 
It  confifted  of  a  Subfidy,  two  Fifteenths  and  two 
Tenths ;  which  pafled    the  Houfe   of  Lords  on  the 

rin"^'.^"^'''''  '3<^'  "^^^'^  '^•"^"^  "^^^  ^^^  ''^'^^  ^^  ^^^  former,  ex- 
cept that  the  Tax  apon  Goods  was  from  three 
Pounds,  when  the  former  was  from  five.  Cambden 
writes,  that  this  large  Supply  was  granted  as  a  Com- 
pliment to  the  Queen,  on  the  happy  Turn  of  Af- 
fairs, at  that  Time  (cj,     '  In  Confideraiion  of  her 

*  having  reformed  the  Faith  ;  reflorcd  Peace  to  her 
'  Kingdoms ;  refcued  England  and  Scotland  from 
'  the  common  Enemy  ;  refined  the  Coin  ;  rebuilt 

*  the    Navy;    provided    Ammunition    for  Sea  and 

*  Land  ;  and  in  a  Word,  for  the  extraordinary 
'  Care  ihe  iifed  in  France,  for  the  Security  of  its 
'  young  King,  for  the  Safety  of  this  Kingdom,  and 
'  her  Endeavours  to  regain  Calais' 

We  find,  by  thejiiurnal,  that  the  two  Provinces 
of  Canterbury  and  Tar^  granted  each  a  Subfidy,  this 
Time,   which  were  confirmed  by  Parliament. 
•  On  the   3d  Day  of  iViarch,   a  Bill  paiJed  the 

Houfeof  Lords,  with  fome  Provifoes  added  thereto, 
by  them.  For  the  AJfurance  of  the  ^een's  Ma'iejifs 
Royal  Power,  over  all  States  andSuhjeifs,  within  her 
Dominions.  This  Afl  ftands  the  firit  amongft  our 

fc)  Ciaii Jtn  ia  Kenit/t,  p.  591. 

Our  Author  procfcdi  to  acquaint  his  Resderj,  'That  t  Fif- 
tiiiih  and  a  Traii,  is  9  certain  Tar,  in  every  City,  Burrnaih  aaJ 
Ttwn  f  not  upon  ersry  Man,  in  particular,  hut  a  penersi  Sutn,  in 
PrDpnriion  to  tlie  Fiftetnlh  af  the  computeil  Wealth  of  thi:  rclpciliTC 
Placfs.  A  Subfidjis  what  is  impuf.d  unevetv  fingle  l'n!"Di,  «  they 
are  atTelTcd  by  Pole,  according  to  the  Vilue  of  thcii  Goads  andLanat. 
But,  he  adds,  neither  one  nur  ether  of  thsft  Tms  art  laid  but  by 
Aft  uf  farliament. 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  15 

printed  Statutes  of  this  Year ;    *  By  wh  ich,  it  was  „„ 
Hi't^h  Treafon  for  any  Man  to  aflert  three  Times, 
by  Writing,   Word  or  Deed,  the   Authority  of 
any  foreign  Prince,  Prelate  or  State,   in  Spiritual 
Matters  in  England,  or  any  other  of  the  Queen's 

*  Dominions.  Or  to  refufe  the  Oath  of  Supremacy 
■  to  the  Queen,  in  Matters  Spiritual,  or  over  Per- 
'  fonsEcclefiaftical,  after  it  had  been  twice  lender- 
'  ed.     Yet  fo,  as  that   they  Ihould  not  fall  under 

*  an  Attainder,  ror  forfeit  their  Goods  and  Chatels ; 

*  nor  that  this  Oath  fliould  be  exacted   from  any 

*  Peer   of  the  Realm,   or   any  Perfon  of  eminent 

*  Quality,  whofe  Allegiance  the  (^een  diJ  not  in 

*  the  leaft  queftion  ;   nor,  indeed,  of  any  but  fuch 

*  who  were,  had  been,  or  fiiould  be,  in  HolyOr- 

*  ders ;  or  did  ihen  bear,  or  (hould  bear,  fonie  Ec- 
'  clefiaftical  Office.     Or  tliat,  after  Warning  given, 

*  fhould  refufe  to  oblerve  the  Rights  and  Ceremo- 

*  nies  of  the  Cliurch  of  Er/g!a/id  ;   or  fhould  dif- 

*  honour  the  fame   in  Public,   either  by  Word  or 

*  Deed  ;   or  fhovilJ  celebrate  or  hear  Mafs,  ^c' 
To   the  Failing  of  this  Bill  there  was  only  fome 

fmal!  Oppofition  ;  the  Catholic  Bilhops  being  now 
removed,  but  one  Lay-Lord,  in  the  whole  Houfe, 
had  the  Courage  to  fpeak  againft  it  This  was 
Lord  Vifcount  Muntague,  mentioned  before  {«J. 
In  the  Lower  Houfe,  one  Mr.  jitkinfin,  a  Student 
of  the  Innner-Timpk,  exprcfled  the  fame  Zeal  for 
the  Catholic  Caufe.  Their  Speeches  are  publifhed 
in  Mr.  Strype's  Annals,  i^c.  from  the  Manufcript 
of  the  famous  Martyrologlfl:, /Va'?  ;  and  mult  find 
a  Place,  alfo,  in  thefe  Enquiries,  with  this  Oblerva- 
tion  of  Strypth  upon  them,  '  That  the  Plea  of  Con- 

*  fcience  and  gentle  Ufage,  toward  fuch  as  differ  In 

*  Judgment,  are  Arguments  made  ule  of  now  in  the 

*  '^thiMoiPapifti;  which  were  but  of  fmall  Avail, 

*  in  the  lart  Reign,  when  they  were  in  Power." 
Firft  Lord  Montague. 

«  r|-lHE  Prince  or  Commonwealih  that  will|^;f^jf°"g^,^/* 
■  JL  make  a  new  Law,  ought  to  confider  theQueeo'tsu- 
'  three  prcro.L7. 

[i)  Sit  jAi'tmyimpT,  advinced  tolheP«eriEe'D7  Qii^eca  A/agi, 

i6      The  Parliamentary  Histort 

*  threeThings:  The  FirJI,  That  the  fame  Law 
'  *  be  neceffary  :    The  Secend,  That  it  be  juft  and 

*  reafonablc  :  The  Third,  That  it  be  poffible  and 

*  commodious,  apt  and  fit  to  be  put  in  Execution. 

*  Unto  ihefe three  Qualities  may  be  reduced  all  o- 

*  ther  that  are  requiliie,  to  the  End  the  Law  {hould 

*  be  good.     Now,   it  is  to  be   feen,   if  tbefe  three 

*  Qualities  be  in  the  Law,  rhat  certain  do  pretend, 
'  and  would  have  to  be  made  in  this  Parliament  a- 
'  gainft  ihe  Papifts,  as  they  call  them.  For  ihe 
'  which  prefuppofe,  that   my  Intent  is  not  lo  per- 

*  fuade  ihat  the  Religion  which  now  is  obferved  in 

*  England  is  either  falfe  or  fchifmatjcal ;  but  to  en- 

*  treat  only,  if  it  be  good,  that  a  Law  be  made, 

*  whereby  it  Ihall   be  commanded,  under  Pain  of 

*  Deaih,  that  the  Papifts,  with  Oath,  confefs  the 

*  Do£lrine  of  the  Proteftants  to  be  true  and  evange- 
'  licat.     As  for  the  firft,  1  fay,  That  this  Law  that 

*  is  pretended  is  not  neceffary  ;  forafmuch  as  the 

*  Catholicksof  this  Realm  difturb  not,  nor  hinder 
'  the  publick  Affairscf  the  Realm,  neither  Spiritual 
'  nor  Tempoial.     They  difpute  nor,  they  preach 

*  not,  they  difobey  not  the  Queen,  they  caufe  no 
'  Trouble  nor  Tumults  among  the    People.     So 

*  that  no  Man  can  fay,  that  thereby  the  Realm, 
'  doth  receive   any   Hurt  or   Damage    by   them. 

*  They  have  brought  into  the  Realm  no  Novelties 
'  in  Doitnne  and  Religion. 

'  This  being  true  and  evident,  as  it  is  indeed, 
'  there  is  no  Neceffity  why  any  new  Law  fliould 
'  be  made  againll  them.     And   where  there  is  no 

*  Sore  nor  Grief,   Medicines  are   fuperfluous,  and  ■ 

*  alfo  hurtful  and  dangerous. 

'  As  concerning  the  fecond,  I  fav,  That  this  Law 

*  that  is  pretended,  is  neither  juft  nor  rcafonnble, 
'  nor  cannot  be,  nor  deftn'eth  to  be  called,  or  have 
'  the  Name  of  idle,  when  it  is  made.  F'or  it 
'  (liall  be  contrary   and  repugnant  unio  all  Laws  of 

*  Men,  Natural  and  Civil.  I  meiidle  not  wi[h 
'  God's  Laws  ;  for  I  have  above  faid,  That  in 
'  this  Dilcourfe  I  do  not  pretend  to  eiitreat  of  the 

•  Verity 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  xy 

Verity  and  Truih  of  Religion.     But  leaving  (hat  oy^ 

"   til!  Time  fit  and  convenient,  I  do  entreat,  Whe- 

•  iher  it  be  juft  lo  make  this  penal  Staiuie  to  force 

•  theSuhjefls  ofthisRenlm   to  receive  and  believe 

•  the  Religion  of  the  Proieftants,  upon  Pain  of 
'  Death.  This,  I  fay,  is  a  Thing  mod  uojuft. 
f  For  that  it  rs  repugnant  to  the  Law  of  Nature 

•  and  all  Civil  Laws.     The  Reafon  is,  for  that  na- 

•  turaliy  no  Man  can,  or  ought  lo  be  conftrained,  to 

•  take  for  ceriain  that  that  he  holJeth  to  be  uncer- 
'  tain.  For  this  repugneih  lo  the  natural  Liberty 
'  of  Man's  Undcrftanding.  For  Underilandin'g 
'  mav  be  perluaded,  but  not  forced. 

•  The  Doftrine  of  the  Proieftants   doth  repugn 

•  unto  all  the  Ecclefiaft:ical  Stale  of  Evgland  that 
f  were  prcfent  at  the  lart  Parliament,  and  holdeih 
'   Contradiilion  with  all  Provinces  oi  Cbrjfiendumi 

•  It  rqiugneih  to  all  the  Doftrine  of  all  the  Parlia-' 

•  menis  paft,  and  all  general  Councils.  With  thefe 
'  Contradiflions  there  in  no  Proteftant,  if  he  be  a 
'  Man  of  any  Underftandinjj  or  Judgment,  but  will 
'  confefs  that  it  is  doubtful  and  uncertain ;  feeing 
'  that  of  thofeThings  that  appearnot  toourSenfes, 
'  there  arifeih  no  Doubt  nor  Uncertainty;  hut  of  the 
'  Opinions  of  Men.  And  if  he  will  fay 'tis  the  ta- 
'  tholick  Doflrine  ;  therefore  the  Queftion  is.  How 
'  this  Word  can  be  underftood  f  which  is  the 
'  Woric  of  Underftanding,  and  is  reduced  and 
'  brought  10  Opinions.  And  when  there  be  many 
'  Opinions  of  the  one  Side  and  the  other,  it  is 
■  Reafon,  that  the  Thing  be  doubtful,  WW  all  O- 
'  pinions  come  to  one  ;  And  that  there  be  one 
'  Faith,  one  God,  and  one  Trinity. 

'  Now,  to  turn  to  my  Purpofe,  I  fay.  That 
'  ftnce  the  Dodtrine  of  Proieftants  is  fo  uncertain* 
'  Cleaving  to  call  it  falfe;  there  is  no  Reafon  nor 
'  Juftice,  that  doth  permit  or  fuffer,  that  Men 
'  fhould  be  forced  to  take  it  for  certain,  true  and 
'  furc,  and  affirm  the  fame.     It  is  fufficient,  and 

•  enough   for  Proteftants  to  keep  Pofleflion  of  tho 

•  Churches,  and  the  Authority  lo  preach  and  ex- 
VoL.  IV.  B  '  communieaw, 





1 8     The  Tarliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  p^  t 

tnEiUibeib.  •  communicate,  not  to  feek  to  fores  and  (train  Men 
'i**'        (  to  do  or  believe  by   Compullion   what  they  be- 
«  lievc  not  i  and  not  to  fwear,  and  to  make  God 
«  Witnefs  of  their  Lie. 

Mr.  Strype  obrerves,  hereupon,  by  the  Way, 
how  much  this  Bill  is  {whether  wilfully  or  igno- 
rantly)  reprefented  by  this  Peer.  For  the  Oath 
therein  required  to  be  taken,  is  not  to  Iwear  to  the 
Truth  ot  the  Proteftant  Religion,  and  the  Doc- 
trine thereof,  (nor  is  ihcre  the  leaft  Mention  made 
of  Religion  in  the  whole  h&)  but  only  that  no 
foreign  Bifliop  fchiefly  meaning  the  BiOiop  of 
Rome)  hath  any  Power  or  Authority  in  the 
Queen's  Realms  and  Dominions.  Nor  was  ihis 
Oath  to  be  impofed  upon  all  the  Queen's  Subjeifls 
nniverfaily;  but  only  fuch  as  (hould  enter  into 
Holy  Orders,  or  took  any  eminent  Places  and 
Offices  upon  them  ;  which  if  they  declined  lo  do, 
and  meddled  not  in  the  Government,  no  fuch 
Oath  was  required  of  them.  And  thtfe  is  an 
exprefs  Provifo,  that  none  fhal!  be  cuinpelted  to 
take  it,  but  fome  Eccleliaftical  Perfons,  that  gave 
juft  Grounds  of  Jealouly  to  the  State.  And  be- 
lides,  this  Aft  was  found  necelTary  for  the  Secu- 
rity of  the  Queen  and  her  Government,  (which 
was  at  this  Time  in  no  fmall  D.inger)  as  the 
Tittle  of  the  A61  ran.  For  the  JJurance  of  the 
Refit's  Power  over  all  her  Stales  and  Subje^s  • 
And  the  Preamble  of  the  Aft  mentioned  the  Dan- 
gers by- reafon  of  the  Fauien  of  the  ufurped  Power 
of  the  See  of  Rome,  at    ih'n  Tune  grcivh  to  marvel- 

lous  Outrage  and    ikeiitiovi  BolJtiefs.  After 

this  Caution,  he  goes  on  with  this  Lord's  Speech. 

'  It  is  enough  for  them,  [ihc  Proteflants]  and 

*  they  might  hold  themfelves  content,  that  there  is 
'  no  Impediment  or  Let  made  by  the  Catholicka, 
'  but  that  they  may  perfuade  the  People  fo  much  a 

*  they  lift,  and  teach  and  preach  their  Doilrine. 

'  As  touching  the  Third,  that  is.  Whether  this 

*  Statute  fliould  be  poITible,  meet  and  convenient, 
!  10  be  put  in  Execution  ;  I  fav,  That  on  what  is 

*■  laitj 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        ip 

{kid  in  the  fecond  Chapter  of  ^ujlice^   dependethQ2«en^>"b«th. 
and  is  contained  the  Underftanding  of  this  Third,        '5^** 
touching  the  Commodity  and  Poffibility.     For  it 
is  an  ealy  Thing  to  underftand,  that  a  Thing  fo 
unjuftly,  and  fo  contrary  to  alJ  Reafon  ahd  Li- 
berty of  Man,  cannot  be  put  in  Execution,  but 
with   great  Incommodity  and  Difficulty,     For 
what  Man  is  there  fo  without  Courage  and  Sto- 
mach, or  void  of  all  Honour,  that  can  confent  or 
agree  to  receive  an  Opinion  and  new  Religion  by 
Force  and  Compullion  ;  or  will  fwear,    that  he 
thinketh  the  contrary  to  that  he  thinketh.     To 
be  flill  and  diilemble  may  be  born  and  fuifered  for 
a  Time ;  to  keep  his  Reckoning  with  God  alone ; 
but  to  be  compelled  to  lie  and  to  fwear,  or  elfe  to 
die  therefore,  are  Things  that  no  Man  ought  to 
fuffer  and  tndurc.    And  it  is  to  be  feared,  rather 
than  to  die,  they  will  feek  how  to  defend  thcm- 
felves :  Whereby  (hould  enfue  the  contrary  of  what 
every  good  Prince  and  well-advifed  Common- 
wealth ought  to  feek  and  pretend,   that  is,  to  keep 
their  Kingdom  and  Government  in  Peace, 
'  So  that  this  Law  and  Statute  that  is  pretended, 
fince  it  is  not  neceflary  for  Men,   without  they 
Jeave  Quietnefs  and  Peace  ;  nor  juft  and  reafon- 
able,  feeing  it  forceth  Men  to  hold  for  certain  and 
true,  that  they  (hould  hold  for  doubtful  and  falfe ; 
and  being  incommodious  and  impoffible  to  be  put 
in  Execution,  for  the  Alterations  that  may  enfuo 
of  great  Unjuitice  ;  I  conclude,  that  by  no  Means 
any  fuch  Law  ought  to  be  made  and  enabled. 
'  And  becaufe  fome  faid.  This  need  not  be  fear- 
ed, nor  ought  any  thing  to  be  a  Stop  ;  becaufe  the 
greater  Part  of  the  Aflembly  of  the  Lords  and 
the  Higher  Houfe,  was  of  the  Mind  and  Opinion, 
that  the  Law  ought  to  be  made,  including  in  the 
feme  Aflembly  the  B^bapi  that  are  twenty -five  i 
I  anfwer.  That  they  neither  can,  nor  ought  to 
have  to  do  in  this  Matter,  becaufe  they  are  as 
Party,  and   therefore  cannot  be  Judges.      And 
that  they  have  Parly,  and  have  Intereft  in  this 
Matter,  it  cannot  be  denied ;  fince,  ipfofa^o^  they         ^ 

B  a  *  have 

Queen  Eliztbeth, 

10      The  Parliamentary  H  i  stort 

have  difpoiTeiTed  the  Catholick  Bifliops  of  their 
Churches,  under  this  Occafion  and  Colour,  to 
bring  into  the  Realm  better  Doflrine.  Befides  all 
this,  neither  the  Law  nor  the  Gofpel,  nor  other 
Civil  Law  doth  fufFer  Ecclefiaftical  Perfons,  to 
have  more  than  the  Judgment  and  Examination 
of  the  Dodlrine  and  Excommunications.  And, 
according  to  this,  it  belongeth  not  to  the  Bifhops, 
but  only  to  declare  and  pronounce  the  Dodlrine, 
of  the  Papifts,  to  be  falfe,  as  they  have  done  ;  and 
to  excommunicate  fuch  as  follow  the  fame.  To 
appoint  afterward  the  Temporal  Penalties  of 
Confifcation,  Banifhment  or  Death  ;  this  apper- 
taineth  not  to  them,  but  to  the  Secular  Judge ; 
who,  according  to  the  Neceffity  of  the  Common- 
wealth, for  Peace  and  Quietnefe  of  the  fame, 
may  execute  and  proceed  againft  fome  excommu- 
nicate Perfons  with  more  or  lefs  Rigour  after,  as 
he  (hall  think  good. 

'  It  fhall  be  alfo  very  juft,  reafonable  and  conve- 
nient for  the  Service  of  the  Queen,  that  the  Lords 
of  the  Realm  alone,  without  the  Bifliops,  do  con- 
fider,  if  it  be  meet  and  convenient  for  the  Wealth 
of  the  Realm,  to  make  this  Statute  and  Law  fo 
rigorous ;  or  whether  that  that  is  made  already 
be  lufficient ;  or  whether  it  be  meet  and  conve- 
nient (to  take  away  all  Inconveniences  and  Da- 
mages that  may  arifeof  thofe  Diverfities  and  No- 
velties in  Religion)  to  command  the  Bifliops  all, 
as  well  Papiftical  as  Proicftants,  to  find  the  Means 
to  try  the  Matter  (afore  difputed  herej  within  the 
Realm,  or  in  the  general  Council.  The  which 
feemeth  fliould  be  much  more  cafy,  more  fure, 
and  more  convenient. 

*  And,  furthermore,  fince  it  belongeth  to  the 
faid  Lords,  not  to  endanger  their  Lives  and  Goods, 
if  any  War  fliould  happen  within  the  Realm,  or 
with  their  Neighbours  ;  let  them  therefore  take 
good  Heed,  and  not  fufFer  themfelves  to  be  led 
by  fuch  Men  that  are  full  of  AfFeition  and  Paf- 
iions,  and  that  look  to  wax  mighty,  and  of  Power, 

«  by 


Oy   E  N  G  L  A  N  n        51 

by    the    Confifcalion,    Spoil   and   Ruin   of  iheQ^wnElinbeili. 
Houfes  of  noble  and  ancicntMen.*  's*^- 

To  ihbSpeech  made  In  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  Wc 
(hall  llibjoiii  another  Oration  in  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, againftthe  faidBill  of  the  Oath  oi Supremacy, 
by  Mr.  jftiin/oit,  aforefaid,  fpoken  the  loth  Day  of 
March  ;  but  it  b  not  meniioned  in  the  Jouraah, 

Right  Hmourobk, 
m  *■   "VTO  U  have  heard  the  Effefl  of  this  Bill,  con-  ^,  Atkinfcn'i 
B  *     j[       taining  in  itfelf,  that  ali  thofe  that  {h.ill  by  Sprech  3%un&    , 
'    *  any  open  Adt,  maintain  any  foreign  JurifJiction/'^-o^'*'  °^^^' 

*  or  fhall  refii'e  the  Oath,  which  islikewjfe  for  the'"'"^''- 

*  abolifliing  of  all  foreign  Power;    that  fuch  Of- 

*  fenders  (hall,  for  the  firft  Offence,  incur  the  Dan- 

t*  %tT  oi  Premu7iire ;  and  if  they  eftfonesrefufeagain, 
'  ihen  to  be  judged  as  in  Cafe  of  High  Trcafon, 
•  Whether  any  foreign  Power  be  lawful  to  be  re- 
*  ceived  within  this  Realm,  or  whether   in  Confci- 

*  ence  a  Man  ought  to  i-jke  this  Oath,  that  Matter 

*  I  purpofe  not  now  to  difpute  ;  for  that  is  already  ■ 

*  put   out  of  Queftion   by  Confent  of   the  whole. 

*  Realm,  in  High  Court  of  Parliament,  in  the  firlt 

*  Year  of  the  Reign  of  our  Sovereign  Lady  that 

*  now  is  ;  againft  which  it  ihall  not  become  me  to 

*  reafon.  But,  Mirrie,  whether  an  Offence  com- 
■  mitted  againft  that  Statute  be  fo  Iharply  to  be  pu- 

*  ni[hed  as  this  Bill  here  lequireth,  that  is  the  Que- 

*  ftion  that  we  now  have  in  Hand.     Wherein  I 

*  ihiok  that  the  Puniflimentalready  deviled  is  fufli- 
'  cient ;  that  thePunilhnient  limiied  in  this  Bill  is 

*  t90  rigorous ;  and  that  though  this  Adl  went  for- 
'  ward,  yet  no  Beneiit  could  thereof  grow  to  the 
'  Commonwealth. 

'  If  the  Offence  were  Treafon,  as  it  was  faid 
'  this  other  Day,  in  the  Houfe,  that  it  was;  and 
'  that  the  Offenders  therein  Were  Traytors  even  by 
'  the  common  Laws  of  the  Realm,  as  Men  that 
'  fought  lo  lake  the  Crown  from  the  King,  and 
'  give  it  the  Pope,  then  would  I  think  no  Punifli- 
'  menttoo  little  for  ii :  And  Piiv  it  were,  thate- 
83-  '  vea 


12    The  Tarliamentary  History 

QymEliulKth.     yen  for  ihc  firft  Offeree  it  was  not  made  Death. 

»56*'        '  Howbeit,  if  it  may  be  proved  unto  you,  that  the 

'  Maintenance  of  Foreign  Jurifdiftion  was  not  by 

the  Laws  ever  accounted  Treafon;  then  I  truft 

*  there  will  no  good  Man  think,  but  that  the  Of- 
'  fence  being  not  fo  great,  the    Punifliment  ought 

*  not  to  be  fo  great  neither.     I  would  agree.  That 

*  theancient  Writers  of  the  Law,  as  boih  Brai7w 

'  and  BriUn  have,   in  their  Writings,  railed   the    , 
'  King  God's  Vicar  in  Earth:   And  fo  lalient  to 
'  that  that  Sklpmiih  faith.  That  there  is  the  Dcanry 

*  of  Pickering  in  Ireland  belonging  to  the   Arcbbi- 

*  fhop  of  Devilingy  [  i.  c.  Dublin  ]  and  that  it  is  of 

*  this  Condition,  That  if  an  En/l/Jiman  bs  made 

*  Archbifhop,  that  then  he  fhall  have  the  Deanry  as 
'  his  free    Chapel  ;  and  if  an  Irljhman,    then  the 

*  King.     His  Reafon  is,  ^ia  Regesfacn  0!eo  unlii 

*  Spirituals  Jurifdiclionii  fiinl  tapaces,  i.  f.  Becaule 

*  Ihe  Sacred  Majefty  of  a  King  anointed  with  Holy 

*  Oil,  hath  Capacity  of  Spiritual  Jurifdi<nion.  ,  I 
'  likewife  agree  to  the  Saying  of  Brian,  where  he 
'  faith.  That  a  great  Do£tor  of  Law  once  told 

*  him,  That  a  Prieft,  by  Prefcriplion,  might  be  im- 

*  pleaded  in  the  Kin^s  Temporal  Court,  ^ia  R£x  , 

*  e^  Perfina  mixta  ex  Sacerdotibus  is?  Laitis ;  /.  «. , 

*  Becaufe  the  Perfon  of  a  King  is  mixt  of  Prieft- 

*  hood  and  Laity. 

'  Of  all  which  we  may  gather,  That  by  Ihc 

*  Common  Laws  the  King  may   have  the  Tcm- 

*  poral  Profits  of  a  Spiritual  Promotion,  and  alfo 
'  implead  a  Spiritual  Perlbn  in  his  Temporal  Court. 
'  All  which,  notwithftanding,  I  am  fure  no  Autho- 
'  rity  can  be  (hewed  to  prove,  that  the  affirming, 

*  that  the  Pope  ought  to  have  Jurildiftion  in  thefe 

*  or  other  like  Matters,  or  that  the  Jurifdidtion  of 

*  them  ought  not  to  appertain  to  the  King,  was  ne- 
^  ver  yet  accompted  Tieal'on. 

'  And  therefore  luppcfelhjt  the  King  had  brough: 

*  a  ^lareimfedit  againft  aSpiritual  Perfon,  fwhich 

*  is  a  Plea  merely  Temporal,  determinable  in  the 
<  Temporal  Court)  and  that  the  Spiritual  Perlbn 
\  bad  thought  to  appeal  to  Rome  in  Stay   of  the 

Judgmept  y 


0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       23 

Judgment;  had  this  been  Trcafon  ?    Nay,  furc-QuwrnEiiiabetfc. 
ly,    though  without  fomc  open  Aft  fhewing  the       1561. 
Ikme,  it  was  never  yet  taken  to  be  Treafon  ;  nor 
was  it  ever  yet  feen,  that  a  Man  in  fuch  a  Cafe 
was  bound  to  difcover  his  Confcience  upon  his 
Oath.     Bu:  to  go  further,  fuppofe  he  had  expref- 
ly  faid  before  Witnefs,  that  he  would  appeal  to 
Rome  ;  nay,  fuppofe  he  had  appealed  to*  Rome  in- 
deed ;  had  this  been  Treafon  ?  Nay,  it  was  never 
yet  but  Pnmunire ;  and  not  Premunire  neither, 
till  the  Statute  of  the  27  th  of  Edward  the  Third 
made  it  fo.     But  was  this  an  Offence  again  ft  the 
King's  Crown  and  Dignity  ?    But  fo  are  many 
OflFences  that  are  not  Treafon  ;  and  are  not,  as  he 
laid,  Crimina  lafa  MajedatiSy  but  Crimina  mi* 
nuta  Majejlath. 

*  If  then  to  affirm,  that  the  Pope  ought  to  have 
Jurifdi(5tion  in  a  Temporal  Matter,  were  not 
Treafon  j  much  lefs  were  it  Treafon  to  affirm  the 
fame  in  Spiritual  Matters  :  As  to  fay,  that  the 
Confecration  of  Archbifhops  belonged  to  him,  or 
that  the  Order  of  Service  and  Sacraments  ought 
to  be  direfted  by  the  See  Apoftolick.  What  the 
Judges  have  faid  in  our.Law  in  the  Behalf  of  the 
Pope,  that  fpare  I  here  for  Duty's  Sake  to  fpeak 
of.  I  am  fure  it  was  more  than  I  have  hitherto 
faid :  And  yet  v/ere  they,  I  believe,  as  (killful  in 
knowing  what  Treafon  was,  and  as  loth  to  ofiend 
therein,  as  was  the  Gentleman  that  went  about 
with  fo  many  Reafons  to  prove  it  Treafon  ;  nor 
Moubt  not,  but  even  at  thofe  Times  when  Princes 
fufiered  this  Offence  .to  remain  unpunifhed,  and 
when  the  Subjedts  oflbnded  in  it,  that  yet  they  had 
as  great  a  Cafe  to  maintain  the  Royal  Dignity  of 
the  Crown  ;  JM|d  were  other  wife  as  void  of  traite- 
rous  Hearts>  at  thofe  that  think  thdnfelves  belt 
Subjefts.  *^,. 

'  And  therefore  we  reaS^- that  in  the.  Time  of 
Edward  ^t>  Firft,  thePt^  willed  the  King  to 
take  Peace  with  Sctfland^  and  he  made  him  An- 
fwer,  Tbf^icuching  bis  Temporalities^  he  knew  no 
Peer  in  his  Realm.    And  the  like  Letters  was  fent 

f  in 

i4     The  Tarliamentary  H  i  s  t  o  r.  t 

[niH«beih. '  in  the  Time  of  Henry  the  Sixth  ;  and  Humfrty, 

*  ihen  Duke  of  Ghi/c^er,  hurled  them  in  the  Fire. 

*  And,  whofoever  readeth  the  Statute  o(  Premunire 

*  made  in  the  1 6th  Year  of  Richard  the  Second , 

*  ihatl  find  that  all  the  Lords,  both  Rpiritual  and 
«  Temporal,  faid.  That  they  would  Jlici  with   tie 

*  King  in  the  Maintenance  ef  hii  Crszvn  nnd  Digni- 

*  ty.     And  they  were  therefore  teverally  examined, 

*  to  the  Intent  thatthcir  Opinion  might  be  known. 

*  If  then  il  hath  been  proved,  that  that  OtFence  halh 

*  not  been  Treafon,  nor  that  the  Offenders  therein 

*  have  not  otherwife born  itaiterous Hearts;  1  trudi 
«  that  the  Offence  being  not  fo  great,  you  will  not 

*  without  Caufe  go  about  to  encreafe   the  Punilh- 

*  ment. 
'  Let  us  therefore  never  go  about  to  aggrieve  the 

*  Matter,  or  make  it  worfe  Ihnn  it  is;    but  let  us 

*  coniider  it  in  fuch  Sort,  as  it  is  indeed  ;  that  is,  an 

*  Offence  in  Religion,  and  an  Offence   againft  ihc 

*  Statute  made  in  the  firft  Year  of  the  Queen's  Ma- 

*  jefty.     And  then,  whether  fuch  an  Offence  be  to 

*  be  puniflied  by  Death,  either  for  the  Prefervaiion 

*  of  the  Common  Peace,  or  elfe  by  the  exprefs^ 
»  Laws  of  God,  that  Matter  falleth  further  in  Con-' 

*  fultaiion. 
'  As  for  the  Scripture,  I  muft  confefs  myfelfig- 

*  norantin  them,  as  the  Thing  that  is  not  my  Pro- 

*  feffion,  nor  in  which!  have  been  exercifed  ;  Yet 
'  thus  much  have  I  heard  the  Preachers  fay,    that, 

*  are  now.  That  though,  in  the  old  Law,   Idolatry' 

*  was'punirtiedwiih  Death  ;  yet  fince  the  Coming 
<  of  Chrill  f  who  came  to  win  the  World  by  Peace, 

*  and  bade  Put  up  the  Sword',)  the  greateft  Punilh- 

*  ment  that  hath  been  taught  by  the  Apofties  in  cafe 

*  of  Religion,     hath  been   by  Excommunication. 

*  For  Religion,  ihey  fay,  muft  fink  in  by  Pe^fuafi- 
^  on  ;  it  cannot  be  prefled  In  by  Violence.  And 
'  therefore  they  called  the  A&  of  the  Six  Articles, 

*  that  was  made  the  31ft  of  King  Hemy  the  Eighth, 

*  The  Whip  w'ih  the  Six  Liiflh-s.  And  as  for  the 
1  Dealings  in  Qyeen  Mary'%  Days,  the)t*uch  mif- 
s  lij^ed  them  ;  calling  the  Bifhups  Blood-Jiiders,  and 

*  bade 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      25 

bade  Fie  m  tbefe  Tormenters,  that  delightid  in  no-  ^^^^^^^^' 
thing  elje  hut  in  the  Death  of  Innocents ;  that  threat 
Uned  the  whole  Realm  with  their  fire  and  Faggots  ; 
Murtherers ;  that  they  were  were  worfe  than  Cai- 
aphas,  worfe  than  jMdTiSy  worfe  than  the  Tray  tors 
that  put  Chntt  to  Death.  And  that  with  liicb 
Vehemency  and  Stomach,  as  I  aflureyou  I  mar- 
vel, how  it  can  poffibly  come  to  pafs,  that  they 
fhould  now  deiire  to  eftabli(h  that  as  a  Law,  which 
they  thought  then  fo  far  unlawful. 

*  And  indeed  many  a  Solemn  Qerk  and  Holy 
Father  hath  there  been  in  the  Church,  that  have 
much  miflrked  that  cruel  Handling;    and  have 
wifhed  rather  the  Opinions  of  the  Men  to  be  taken 
away  than  the  Men  themfelves  ;  and  would  have- 
them  convinced  Magis  Verbo  quam  Vi^  /.  e.    Ra- 
ther by  the  Word  than  by  the  Sword.    Howbeit^ 
what  was  the  Caufe,  why  in  allChriilian  Realms. 
Offenders  in  Religion  were  punifhed  by  Death : . 
And  further,  how  far  the  Punifhment  that  is  here  • 
devifed,  exceedeth  that  in  Rigour  and  Cruelty  •* 
And  laftly,  how  Offenders  in  this  Cafe  of  ReUgi-  • 
on  ought  not  to  be  puniflied  by  the  one,  nor  by 
the  other ;  that  Matter  fhall  I  make  fo  plain  and  • 
fo  evident  unto  you,  that  I  truft  no  charitable 
Man  will  confent  to  the  paffing  of  this  Bill. 

*  Firjly  As  for  Excommunication^  that  was  thought 
fo  eafy  a  Punifhment,  that  it  was  the  Thing  that 
they  gladly  would  have  wifhed   for.    For  what 
could  pleafe  them  better  that  had  already  forfakefi 
the  true  Faith,  than  to  be  punifhed  from  the  Com-  • 
pany  of  all  thofe  thai  believe  otherwife  than  them-  • 
felves  ?     Therefore  was  Fining  and  Ranioming 
devifed  againfl  the  Manichees.    But   that  would 
not  ferve ;   for  either  had  they  nothing  to  lofe,  or  • 
elfe  were  willing  to   lofe  that  they  had.     Then 
was  it  further  devifed  and  enadted.  That  they ' 
fhould  be  imprifoned.     But  Imprilbnment  would 
not  help  neither.     For  the  Number  of  them  was 
fucb  as  the  Prifons  could  not  hold  them  ;  and  the 
Keepers  many  Times  were  corrupted.    Then  was 

f  Baniihment  devifed ;  but  that  was  worfl  of  all  o- 

« ther; 

^een  Elizabeth. 

26       T7je  Parliamentary  H  i  stort 

ther.    For  then  would  they,  by  their  Letters^ 
openly  defame  thofe,  by  whom,  for  their  Naugh- 
tinefs  they  had  received  any  Damage.     And  fur- 
ther, not  keeping  their  Confcience  to  themfelves, 
^  ceafed  not  by  preaching  in  Woods  and  Cellars,  by 
dealing  in  Hugger-Mugger    feditious    Books  of 
their  own  making,  keeping  of  Midnight-Ledures, 
making  of  Enterludes  and  Ballads,  to  allure  other 
filly  Souls  to  their  Naughtinefs ;  fo  far  forth  that 
if  better  Remedy  had  not  been  provided,  this  Can- 
ker would  have  crept  over  the  whole  Body  of 
Chriflendom.    Nor  were  they  fo  contented  nei- 
ther,  but  fell  to  open  Violence,  as  robbing  and 
fpoiling  of  Churches,  and    taking    other   Mens 
Goods  from  them.    Infdmuch  that  the  Stories  of 
the  Church  make  mention,  That  when  the  Ma- 
cedonians and  the  CathoHcks  fhouldcome  before  the 
Deputy  of  Philippus,  for  hearing  of  their  Contro- 
verly;  and  that  the  Throng  was  great,  the  Mace- 
donians fell  in  Hand  with  them,  and  faid.  That 
by  the  Number   of  them  it  fliould  feem  rather 
that  they  came  to  fight  with  them  than  to  dif- 
pute  ;  and  therewith  drew  their  Weapons  upon 
them,  and  flew  them  to  the  Number  of  three 
thoufand.     For  which  Violence  of  theirs,  it  was 
ordained,  bv  Confent  through  Chrijlendom^  That 
Violence  mould   be  offered  them  again.     And 
their  Offence  for  common  Quietnefs  &ike,  and  for 
the  Peace  of  the  Church,  puniihed  in  this  Sort : 
l^hat  is  to  fay.  That  if  it  were  by  open  Witnefi 
proved,  that  any  had  offended,  that  yet  he  might 
abjure  for  the  firft  Offence,  if  he  would ;  and 
upon  Penance  and  Repentance  made,  be  received 
into  the  Church  again.     But  if  heeftfones  fell  in 
Relapfe,  then  he  Ihould  be  left  to  the  Secular 

*  Which  Punifliment,  as  it  was,  was  yet  much 
more  eafy,  than  that  which  is  here  devifed-  For 
there  you  fee,  unlefs  he  had  been  convinced  by 
Witnefs  for  fome  open  Fad  done,  he  was  with- 
out Danger  of  the  Law.  But  here,  though  he 
intended  to  live  under  a  Law>  and  keep  his  Con- 

-     •  fciencc 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  a; 

fcience  to  himfelf,  yet  will  we  grope  him,  and  fee  o«^„pi:„u^u 
what  fecretly  lieth  in  his  Bread :  And  to  the  In- ^561. 
rent  he  fhall  not  dally  with  us,  we  offer  him  an 
Oath,  which  many  a  Man  fhall  take  that  under- 
ftandeth  not  what  it  meaneih.  There  you  fee 
the  firft  Offence  was  not  punilhed ;  but  he  had 
Leifure  to  bethink  him  and  mend.  But  here  the 
very  firft  Offence  is  punifhed ;  and  by  what  Pu- 
nifhment  ?  Forfooth,  by  Judgment  ofPremumrt^ 
which  is  Lofs  of  Lands  and  Goods,  his  Body  in 
Prifon  at  the  Queen*s  Will  and  Plcafurc ;  and 
yet  he  b  in  no  great  Surety  of  his  Life  neither. 
For  if  any  Man,  upon  Difpleafure,  (hould  kill 
him,  his  Friends  might  well  lament  bis  Death, 
but  they  could  not  punifh  it.  For  a  Man  at- 
tainted in  Premunire^  is pgrdie  out  of  the  Protedli- 
on  of  the  King,  and  of  the  Laws.  Yea,  and  be<* 
fides  all  this,  not  a  Man  dare  give  him  his  Alms, 
left  he  fhould  be  an  Aider  and  Maintamer  withiu 
the  Compafs  of  this  Statute  {a.) 
*  Therefore,  methinks,  the  Law  was  a  great 
deal  belter,  and  furely  much  more  profitable  for 
the  Commonwealth,  that  was  made  in  the  firft 
Year  of  the  Queen's  Majefty.  For  there  we  fee 
the  firft  Offence* is  not  fo  grievouily  punifhed. 
And  if  every  Ecclefiaftical  Pcrfon,  every  Judge 
and  other  Officer,  every  one  that  is  of  the  Queen's 
Fee,  every  Man  that  (hall  fue  Livery,  all  Scholars 
that  are  in  the  Univerfity,be  fworn,  (as  they  muft 
be  by  the  fame  Statute)  what  Mifchief  can  there 
be  wrought,  but  it  fhall  be  efpied  and  quenched  ? 
Is  it  not,  think  you,  aneafier  Way  to  win  Men 
(for  win  them  we  muft,  if  we  fhall  do  well)  to 
leave  a  Gap  for  him  open  to  Promotion,  if  he 
embrace  thefe  Proceed ing'f,  than,  if  he  refufe 
them,  to  take  that  he  hath  from  him  ?  Is  it  not 
a  fufficient  Punifhment  for  him,  that  no  Man 
(hall,  by  his  Wit  and  Learning,  fo  long  as  he  con- 
linueth  that  Opinion,  bear  any  Office,  or  have 

*  any 

(a)  ThereisaProTifo  m  thii  Statute  agaiaftthisCoo&quence  of 
tremunire,  and  fb  there  is  another  againft  the  former,  Strjpt» 

a 8    7 he  Tarl'iamentary  History 

,  '  any    Countenance     in    this    Commonwealth? 

' '  Wbat  Belter  Proof  can  you  have  of  the  Good- 

*  ncfs  of  the  Law,  that  you  fee,  fmce  that  Time, 
'  no  great  Breach  of  [he  Law;  no  feditious  Con- 

*  gregations,  no  Tumult,  but  the  Common  Peace 
'  well  kept,  and  every  Man  liveth  under  a  Law 
'  without  Difturbance  of  the  Queen's  Proceedings  } 
'  So  that  that  PuniQiment  being  fufficient,  it  is  in 

*  vain  Co  defirea  greater  to  keep  them  under. 

'  Let  us  follow  the  Example  of  ihe  Queen's  Ma- 
'  jefty  ;  whofe  Gracious  Hrghnefs  hath  with  fuch 
'  Clemency  rultd  us,  and  fo  tempered  her  Juftice 

*  viiith  Mercy,  as  I  ween  never  Prince   iince  the 

*  Conqueft  (Ifpeak  it  without  Flattery)  hath  for 
'  the  Time  rei^^ned  over  us  in  a  quieter  Peace,  wiih 
'  more  Love  and  lefs  Exaflion.  The  Honour  be 
'  to  her  gracious  Majcily,  and  ihofe  good  Counfel- 
'  lors  that  have  had  that  Statute  in  Hand. 

'  Buc,  to  go  on  ;  fuppoie  it  were  palled  fori 
'  Law,  what  great  Good  could  we  reckon  ihould 

*  grow  to  the  Commonwealth  by  it  ?     You  will 

*  fay,  a  Sort  of  ftubborn  Papifts  fliould  he  rid  out  of 
'  the  Way  ;  who,  if  they  lived,   would  be  Caufers 

*  of  Sedition  ;   and  Sedition    muft  needs  be  the 

*  Caufe  of  Defolation.  Surely,  if  the  whole  Num- 
'  ber,  that  think  againft  the  Oath  in  their  Con- 
'  fcience,  ftiould  refufe  the  Oath,  and  for   the  Of- 

'  fence  be  executed;  the  Realm  could  not  chufe  but  ' 

*  be  much  weakened,  and  a  great  deal  the  lefs  able 
'  to  defend  itfelf.     We  may  partly  fee  it  by  the  U- 

'  niveriiiies,  that  what  with  the  one  Side  and  the , 

*  other,  hath  been    fo  Jliaken   for  Religion,  that 

*  Learningis  almoft  quite  decayed  in  them.  And  if 
'  Provilion  be   not  made,  all  like  to  come  to  a  bar- 

*  barous  Ignorance. 

'  But  fuppofe  you  that  the  greateft  Part  will  re- 

*  fiife  the  Oath  ?  Think  you  that  ail  that  take  ic, 
'  will  upon  the  taking  of  it  change  their  Confci- 

*  ences?  Nay,  many  a  fall'e  Shrew  there  is,  that 
'  will  lay  his  Hand  to  the  Book,  v-hen  his  Heart 
'  (liall  be  far  off.  Of  this  hath  this  Houfe  full  Ex- 
'  pcrience.     For  in  the  Bill  of  conveying  over  of 

*  Horfes, 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        ap 

Horfcs,  there  was  a  Claufe,  that  whofocvcr  would  Q{iecaEiitabctir« 
fwear  that  it  was  for  his  ncccflary  Travel,  it  was        »$•»• 
lawful.     And  becaufe  Men  fticked  not  at  fuch  a 
Trifle  to  forfwear  themfelves,  that  Claufe  was  re- 
pealed.    And  upon  like  Ccmfideration,  by  the 
grave  Advice  of  this  Houfe*  was  the  Oath  left  out 
of  the  Subfidy^Book.    If  Men  for  fuch  Trifles 
will  forfwear  themfelves,  it  cannot  chufe  but  be 
perillous,  when  their  Goods,  Lands,  Liberties  and 
Lives,  (hall  depend  upon  it.    And  namely  lipon 
a  Matter,  whereof  for  the  moft  Part  they  have  no 
Knowledge  ;  but  all  one  to  them,  whether  it  be 
fo,  or  otherwife.    And  fo  protefting  that  to  be 
in  their  Confciences,  whereof  they  ftand  in  Doubtj 
they  (hall  wilfully  forfwear  themfclves. 
*  And  if  Men  were  feditious  before,  now  will 
they  become  ten  Times  more  feditious.    Neither 
fliall  the  Queen's  Majefty  be  ever  a  whit  the  Surety 
which  is  the  Title,  and  as  itfliould  feem  the  only 
Meaning  of  this  Bill.    For  if  any  were  rebellious 
before,  now  will  his  Heart  become  more  rebelli- 
ous ;    for  that  he  is  enforced  to  Perjury :  And 
that  Mifchief  will  fecretly  keep  in  his  Mind,  and 
(hew  it  then,  when  he  thinketh  it  will  do  molt 
Harm.     Or  elfe,  if  he  be  not  thus  wickedly  dif- 
pofed,  then  will  he  linger  on  in  Defpair,  and  with 
Violence  at  the  laft  feck  to  deftroy  himfclf,  which 
were  too  lamentable  to  hear  of:    Andwc  the 
Caufe  of  all  this  Mifchief. 
«  Let  us  therefore,  for  the  Honour  of  God,  leave 
all  Mbilice,  and  notwithftanding  Religion,  let  ut 
love  together.    Fof  it  is  no  Point  of  Religion, 
one  to  hate  another.    Let  us  make  an  End  of 
Divilion,  for  fear    left  our  Enemies,  who  arc 
mighty,  and  now  in  the  Field,  might,  peradven- 
ture,  finding  us  at  Diflention  among  ourfelves, 
the  eafilier  vanquifh  us.    Whereas,  if  we  can  a- 
grcc  and  love  together,  there  (hall  be  no  Doubt, 
but  we  (hall  put  them  now  to  the  worft,  whom 
we  have  often  vanquifhed  before.     Let  us  do  as 
the  good  Mother  did  before  Solomon^  who  when 
J  ffic  had  Contention  before  the  wife  King  for  her  ^ 

•  own 

30      The  Parliamentary  Histort 

Queen Elkabcth.'  own  Child  with  the  common  Harlot,  and  that 
1562.        <  the  Matter  went  fo  hard,  that  he  could  not  tell  to 

*  whom  to  give  it,  but  thought  to  divide  it;  the  ten- 

*  der  Love  of  the  Mother,  confidering  that  the 

*  Child's  Divifion  ftould  be  the  Child's  Deftruai- 

*  on,  could  not  fuffer  that,    but  was  content  to 

*  yield  up,  and  giveaway  herlntereft.    So  let  us, 

*  for  the  Love  of  God,  forget  and  forgive  all  Griefs 

*  for  the  Commonwealth's  Sake,  and  let  us  love 

*  one  another  :  For  fo  fliall  no  Divifion  work  the 
'  Defolation  of  our  Kingdom. 

*  And  when  we  have  done  all,  to  this  we   mull 

*  come  at  laft.    We  fee  in  Germany^  where  after  fo 

*  long  Contention,  and  fo  great  Deftrudlion  and 

*  Wafte  of  their  Country,  at  laft  they  are  come  to 

*  this  Point;  that  the  Papift  and  Proteftantcan  now 

*  quietly  talk  together,  and  never  fall  out  about  the 

*  Matter.    I  bcfeech  you,  therefore,  Right  Honou- 

*  rable,  that  you  will  well  remember  the  Truft  that 

*  your  Country  putteth  in  you  ;    and  fince  you 

*  have  the  Sword  in  your  Hand  to  ftrike,  be  well 

*  ware  whom  you  ftrike.     For  fome  fhall    you 

*  ftrike  that  are  your   near  Friends,  fome   your 

*  Kinfmen,  but  all  your  Countrymen,  and  even 

*  Chrifljans.    And  tho'  you  may  like  thefe  Doings, 
.  *  yet  may  it  be  that  your  Heirs  after  you  may  ir^if- 

*  like  them ;    and  then  farewel  your  Name  and 

*  Worftiip.     Remember  that  Men  that  offend  this 
«  Way,  offend  not  as  Murtberers  and  Thieves  do ; 

*  that  is,  of  Malice  and  wicked  Intent,  but  through 

*  Confcience  and  Zeal,  at  leaftways  through  Opi- 

*  nion  of  Religion.    And  if  it.Jhall  happen  them  to 

*  die  in  the  wrong  Opinion,  then  fhall  we  not  only 

*  deftroy  the  Bodies,  of  which  there  is   no  fmall 

*  Force,  but  their  Souls ;  which  is  a  Lofs  that  can 

*  never  be  recovered.     And  if  they  (hould  doita- 

*  gainft  their  Confciences,  to  fave  their  Lives,  and 

*  feem,  peradventure,  in  Doubt  of  the  Matter ;  then 

*  (hould  they  fall  unto  Perjury,  and  we  become 

*  Caufersofit.     And  fith  they  keep  their  Confci- 

*  ences  to  themfelves,  and  live  under  a  Law,  why 

*  are  they  to  be  puniihed  by  fo  iharp  a  Law  ?    And 
^  t  though 

O/-  E  N  C  L  A  N  D.         31 

*  though  fome  peradventure  have  offended  you,  yet  Qi»«««  Eiiiabctlu 

*  do  not  for  their  Sakes  punifh  the  reft,  who  never        '5^- 

*  offended  you  ;  but  rather  for  the  others  Sakes,^  who 

*  are  the  greater  Number,    forgive  aTl. 

'  Follow  the  Example  of  the  good  Mother  in  Sa^ 
'  bmorij  or  rather  the  Example  of  the  Queen's  Ma- 

*  jefty,  whom  I  pray  God  may  long  reign  over  us, 
'  and  her  Iffue  after  her.* 

In  Anfwer  to  thefe,  and  fuch  like  Speeches  againft 
the  Bill,  Mr.  Strype  ^ves  us  an  Argument  of  fome 
other  Metnber  unknown,  well  skilled  in  the  Laws, 
in  favour  of  it,  and  againft  the  former  Reafons  and 
Confiderations.  A  Copy  of  it  came  into  the  Hands 
of  Archbifhop  Parker^  who  fent  it  to  Cox^  Bifhop 
of  £^.  And  from  that  very  Copy  Mr.  Strype 
Uanfcrib'd  the  Tenor  of  it :  m. 

*  T  N  the  Time  of  King  Edward  III.  One  (hould  An  Argunwit 
^  X    ^^^^  b^n  hanged,  drawn  and  quartered,  for  for  tlie  Bin. 

*  publifhing  an  Excommunication,  dire6ted  from 

*  the  Bifhop  of  Rome  againft  one  of  the  King's 

*  Subjeds.     But  at  the  Entreaty  of  the  Lord  Chan- 

*  cellor  and  Lord  Treafurer,  his  Life  was  pardoned  ;- 
'  Notwithftanding,  be  was  abjured  the  Realm.    If 

*  ratifying  Part  of  the  Pope's  Authority  was  fo  pu- 

*  nilhed,  the  Confenting  to  the  whole  muftof  Nc- 

*  ceffity  be  High  Treafon. 

*  In  the  Statute  of  25.  Ed.  ^.de  Proditionibtis. 

*  Cap.  zdo.     If  a  Man  be  adherent  to  the  Enemies 
'  of  the  King  in  his  Realm,  finding  them  Aid  and 

*  Comfort  in  the  Realm,  or  any  other  Place,  it  was 

*  High  Treafon :    But  to  be  fworn  to  the  Pope, 

*  being  the  Queen's  Enemy,  and  [the  Party]  fo  re- 
»  main,  and  will  not  refufe  the  Oath  to  him,  nor 

*  fwear  to  the  Queen,  is  to  comfort  the  Queen's 

*  Enemies.    Therefore  High  Treafon. 

*  In  the  12  Hen.'].  Fineux^  Chief  Juftice,  thus:  As 

*  in  Spiritual  Matters  towards  God,  fo  it  is  in  Tem- 

*  poral  Matters  towards  the  Prince.     And  therefore 

*  at  the  iSheriff's  Turn  every  Subjed  ought  to  be 

*  jvefeut  to  learn  bis  Duty,    But  in  Spiritual  Mat- 

*  tcrs. 

3  2       The  Tarliament'ary  Histort 

QLitenElUibeth. '  tcr?,  not  10  affirm,   maintain,   and  uphold  God, 
*f6i.        '  and  all  Things  tmiching  the  Subftance  of  Religi- 

*  on,  viith  Heart,    Mind   and   Power,    fs  horrible 
'  Herefj'  :  So,   not  to   maintain   the   Prince,  his 

*  Stile,  the  Royal  Dignity  of  the  Crown  with  Heart, 
'  Mind  and  Power,  is  High  Treaton.     But  he  that 

*  refufeth   10   fwear  *  to  the   Prince  doth   Co,   i^c 
'  Therefore  he  is  a  Traitor. 

*  I  Hen.  7.    HuJJey  ("Chief  Juftice  in  the  Time 

*  of  Edw.  4.)  faid,  a  Legate  was  at  Calais,  from  the 

*  Pope,   for  to  have  the  King's   fafe  Conduit  to 
'  come  into  the  Realm.     And  then  in  open  Coun- 

*  til  before  the  Lords  and  Juftices,  it  wasdemanded, 

*  What  fhould  be  done  ?     Who  anfwered,  That 
,                    •  they   Would   Tend   unto  the  Legate  ;    and  if  he 

*  -would  fwear,  That  he  had  brought  nothing  with 

*  him  in  Derogation  to  the  King,  and  of  his  Crown, 

*  that  he  fhould  have  Licence,  or  otherwife,  not; 

*  And  the  Bifhop  of  Efy  caufed  the  Pope's  Legate 

*  to  fwear.  That  he  had  nothing  'that  Ibould  be 

*  prejudicial  to  the  King  and  his  Crown  :  And  then 

*  he  entered.     \{  a  Stranger  was  compelled  for  to 

*  fwear  for  the  Safeguard  of  the  Prince  before  his 
'  Entry  into  the  Realm  ;  much  more  a  natural-born 

*  Subjeil  {hould  not  live  in  the  Realm,   except  he 

*  would  be  fworn  for  the  Safeguard  of  the  Prince, 
'  and  Dignity  of  the  Crown. 

'   Pr^diff.  Jnrio,  B\ii{ey  pradUl.  faid,  That    in 

*  the  Time  of  Edward  I.  the  Pope  fent  Letters  to 

*  the  King,  tnat  he  fliouM  make  Peace  with^fs/- 

*  /dW,  and   that   he  Ihould   put  the  Matter  to  his 
'  Order.     The  King,  by  the  Alvlce  of  his  Coun- 

*  cil,  fent  Word,  That  he  would   not  commit  the 

*  Matter  to  be  ordered  by  the  Pooe.     And   all  the 

*  Lords   writ  unio  the  Pope,  That   although  the 

*  King  would  give  away  his  Right  that  he  had  in 

*  Scotland,  that  he  Ihould  not  do  it ;  becaule  it  was 

*  his  Right  to  have  the  Supreme  Government  of 
'  .Sailand.     And  further,  theiJifiiopofion^/onfaid, 

*  at  the  fame  Time,  That  he  faw,  in  the  Time  of 

*  King  Henry   VI,  when  the  Pope  fent   Letters 

*  which  were  in  Derogation  of  the  King,  and  the 

*  Spiritual 

Of  EN  GL  AN  D.  33 

*  Spiritual  Men  durft  not  fay  any  Thing  againft  Gn^^u^t^ 

*  them,   that  Humphrey  Duke  of  GUuceJler  took  ^^u* 

*  the  Letters,  and  ca(t  them  into  the  Fire*  and  burnt 

*  them.    If  the  Nobility,  our  Anceftors,  have  fo 

*  ftoutly  maintained  the  Right  of  the  Prince  againft 
^  the  Pope,  (hall  we  feem  now  to  maintain  the 
'  Pope  and   his  Authority,  in  refufing  to  punifli 

*  thofe  with  fo  juft  a  Law,  tl  at  do»  for  Maintc- 

*  nance  of  the  Pope,  refufe  to  fwear  their  Oath  of 

*  Allegiance  to  their  Sovereign  Lady  and  Queen  ? 

•  1 3  Hen.  8.    Treafon  may  be  in  Intendment 

*  only.  Felony  muft  be  in  Adt  always.  But  who- 
'  fo  refufeth  to  fwear  to  the  Prince,  difclofeth  the 

*  Intendment  of  his  Heart  to  be  traiterous.  There* 
'  fore,  Vc.  After  tbefe  Allegations  out  of  Hiftofy,* 
^  then  it  was  further  {hewn  as  followeth : 

'  Fir/f^  By  Aft  of  Parliament  made  in  the  firft 
'  Vear  of  the  Queen,  the  Supreme  Government 

*  over  her  Spirituality  and  Temporality,  was  given 
^  to  her ;  and  the  extolling  of  the  Bifhop  of  Komt 

*  made  Premunire  for  the  fecond   Offence  ;  and 

*  Treafon  the  third  Time  :  And  the  offering  of 
'  the  Oath  appointed,  and  the  Refuial  thereof  by  a- 

*  ny,  made  the  Lofs  of  his  Ofiice  [the  firft  Time  J 

*  The  new  Bill  maketh  for  the  firft  Offence,  of  ex- 
^  tolling  of  the  Bifhop  of  Rome^s  Authority,  or  Re- 
'  fuial  of  the  Oath,  Premunire ;  and  the  fecond 

*  Time  Treaion.    For  the  extolling  or  fetting  forth 

*  that  Bifliop's  Authority,  all  do  condefcend   the 
'  Penalty  is  not  uhreafonable  ;  but  only  to  force 

*  the  Oath,  which  they  fay  toucheth  the  Q)nfci- 

*  ence^  which  (hould  not  be  ieairched,  [that  fome  are 

*  againft.] 

^  As  to  that,  firft  it  muft  be  confidered,  feeing  it 

*  is  eha£ted  that  both  be  Offences,  what  Pains  the 

*  Offenders  defcrve.    T'he  Contents  of  the  Oath  is 
^  an  Acknowled^g  of  the  Supetiotity  in  the  Prince, 

*  and  Prpmife  of  Allegianice ;  which  is  the  Duty  ot 

*  every  Subjedt,  as  a  Subjed  in  Temporal  Caufcs, 

*  and  toucheth  no  Spiritual  Thing,  but  bindeth  the 
^  Subjeft  by  Promife  to  recognize  the  Sovereignty 

*  in  his  Prince.    Which  if  a  Man  may  be  by  his 

34    7^^^  Parliamentary  History 

OucenSliubeth.  *  Prince    commanded  to  confefs,  if  he  refufe>   is 

»s6t.        '  Treafon  ;  becaufe,  in  that  he  doth  refuie  it,  he 

'  doth  affirm  the  contrary  of  the  Oath  to  be  true. 

*  As  for  Example,  if  the  Lord  doth  require  his  Te- 
'  nam  to  do  Homage  to  him,  wherein  he  doth  but 

*  confefs  him  to  be  his  Lord,  and  himfelf  to  be  his 

*  Tenant ;  if  he  refufe  to  do  it,  what  elfe  doth  he, 

*  but  difavow  him  to  be  his  Lord  ?  To  fay  a  Man 
'  may  have  a  Confdence  in  it;  to  that,  [lasK] 
'  Shall  a  Man  have  a  Confcience  in  Cafes  of  Trea- 
«  fon? 

'  The  Prince  at  her  Coronation  fwears   to  de- 

*  fend  us ;  Shall  not  we  fwear  to  defend  her  ?  The 
'  Refufal  of  the  Oath  was  Treafon  in  the  Time  of 

*  King  Henry,  cflablilhed  by  Parliament.      If  then 

*  newly,  upon  new  Proof  of  the  Enormity  of  the 

*  Rotnijh  Pradtices,  the  Refufal  was  Treafon  at  the 

*  firft  Offence,  when  by  common  Reafon  the  Sud- 

*  dennefs  of  ihe  Alteration   might  have  endangered 

*  the  State,  if  his  [the  Bifhop  of  i^smc's]  Authority 

*  had  been  thought  godly  and  lawful ;  a  multajorti- 

*  ori,   now   is  it  expedient   to   make  the  Offence 

*  Treafon  at  the  fecond  Time  ;  efpecially  being  fo 
'  long  tried   fay   Learning  and  Reafon,   to  bean 

*  ufurped  Authority ;  and  alfo  by  Length  of  Time 

*  worn  far  more  out  of  Memory. 

'  We  have  promifed,  in  the  Speaker's  laft  Mo- 

*  tion  for  Eftablifhrnent,  to  make  Laws  for  her  [the 
,                    *  Queen's]  Defence.     What  belter  Law  may  there 

*  be  made?     If  we  endeavour  not  to  make  it,  wc 

*  break  our  Promife  ;  and  fhe  faid,  She  looked  for 
'  Promife  therein  to  be  kept  by  us. 

'  If  any  Man  be  required,  in  the  Qiieen's  Name, 

*  to  acknowledge  her  Queen  of  England  over  all 

*  her  People  ;  if  he  refufe  to  do  it,  he  is  a  Traitor. 

*  There  is  no  other  Thing  in  Effei5l  comprized  in 

*  the  Oath.  Therefore  the  Refufer  of  ihe  Oath  is  a 
'  Traitor.  And  in  that  the  firft,Offenceis'madePr^- 
*  muiiire,  and  the  fecond  Treafon,  it  is  too  mild  for 

*  Ihe  Offence  j  efpecially,  the  Wife's  Dower,  and 

*  the    Heir's  Inheritance    without  Corruption  of 

*  Blood,  being  faved. 

'  To 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        35 

*  To  fay,  It  was  never  made  Trcafon,  £rg},  not  QufenEliMbetb. 

*  to  be  Treafon  now,  the  Argument  is  not  true.        'S'*" 
'  For  if  the  Princes  would  have  fo  taken  it,  it  were 

'  Treafon  by  the  common  Laws  of  this  Realm  ; 
'  but  that  King  Hemy  was  abufed  by  Error.  But 
'  if  it  were  never  Treafon  before,  feeing  the  Circum- 
'  fences  of  Time  paft,  prefent,  and  that  may  fol- 
'  low»  it  is  expedient  to  make,  upon  the  new  Oc- 
'  cafion,  new  Laws,  as  is  daily  in  other  Cafes. 

'  If  they  fay,  It  toucheth  Confciencej  and  it  is 
'  a  Thing  wherein  a  Man  ought  to  have  a  Scruple : 
'  But  if  any  hath  a  Confcience  in  it,  ihefe  four 
'  Yeare  Space  might  have  fettled  it.  Alio,  after 
'  hisfirftRefufal,  he  hath  three  Months  Refpit  for 
'  Conference,  and  fettling  of  his  Confcience. 

'  Again,  The  Oath  is  not  to  be  tendred  to  any, 

•  that  by  Intendment  fliall  want  Reafon  to  know  ' 
r*  the  Sovereignly  of  the  Prince. 

■  If  any  Man,  be  he  never  fo  unlearned,  do  open- 
l-ly  pronounce  the  contrary  of  ihe  Oath  againft  the 
t  Queen,  they  themfelves  will  fay.  He  defervetb 
I  Death  as  a  Traitor ;  -and  that  it  is  not  Matter  of 
I'Hcrefy  or  Doftrine.  If  fo,  it  is  to  fee  wheiher 
i'the  Denial  to  accept  the  fame  be  an  Affirmation 
I'to  the  contrary.     Iffo,   then  Treafon  doubUefs.' 

Several  more  Afls  were  made  this  Seffion,  which 
*  tiro'  of  not  fo  much  Significancy  to  the  State  as  (Tie 
former,  are  yet  worth  Obfervatioti ;  to  fhew  the 
(xtraordinary  Humour  of  the  Times. 

•  An   Aifl  alfo  was  made   by  this  Parliament,  ^a  apinft 
againft fsrid  andfantajlhalProph'efiii.    The  Ground  ProphdiM. 
and  Caule  of  this  Aft  is  afligned  in  the  Beginning  of 
the  laid  Aft  to  be,  '  That  divers  ill-difpofed  Perfans 

*  in  King  Edward's  Days,  inclining  to  the  moving 
'  of  Faftions,  Seditions  and  Rebellions  within  this 

*  Realm,  made  ufe  of  fond  Prophefies  to  amufe  the 
pie  eaiily  carried  away  6y  fuch  Deceits,  which 

■'  apueared  to  them  like  fomething  Divine.' 
"  :refore,  an  Aft  was  made  againft  thcfe  Prophc- 
ks  in  that   King's  Reign,   which    was  expired. 

^6      The  Parliamentary  Histort 

QueenEiiubeth.But  the  like  Praflice  began  now  again  to  be  uleJ, 
1562.  in  fainitig,  imagining,  inventing  and  publiftiing  luch 
fend  ami  f^nlcjIUal  Prephedlfs,  as  well  concerning 
the  Queen,  as  divers  honourable  Perfonages  of  the 
Realm,  and  others,  to  the  great  Dil'quiet,  Trouble 
land  Peril  of  the  Qyeen  and  Realm.  Therefore, 
now  a  new  A£t  was  made  againft  fuch  Framers 
and  Divulgers  of  idle  Prophefies,  And  the  Penalty 
of  a  Year's  Iniprifonment,  and  10.',  for  every  Of- 
fence, was  laid  upon  every  one  that  did  fet  forth  in 
Writing,  Printing,  Singing,  or  by  any  other  open 
Speech  or  Deed,  any  fond  anJ/alfi  Prophefies ;  upon, 
or  by  Dccafion  of,  any  Arms,  fields,  Beads,  Badges, 
or  other  fuch  like  Things  accuftomed  in  Arms, 
Cognizances  or  Signets;  or  upcm,  or  by  reafor  of 
any  Time,  Year  or  Day,  Name,  Bloodfhed  or 
Wax  ;  to  intend  thereby  to  make  any  Rebellion, 
Infurredtion.Difiention,  Lofs  ofLife,  or  other  Dil- 
turbance  wiihin  the  Realm.  The  fecond  Offence 
was  made  Imptifonment  during  Life,  and  Forfeiture 
of  all  Goods  and  Cha:iels. 

'  This  Adt  alfo  was  made  to  meet  with  thofe 

that  were  difafFeited  to  the  prefent  Government  and 

Religion  eiiablifhed  :  Who  would  privately  foretcl, 

by  fome  pretended  hidden  Skill,  the  fhcrt  Duraiion 

of  the  Qyeen's  Reign,  or  the  Time  or  Year  of  her 

Death :  And  by  the  Coats  of  Arms,  and  Bearings 

of  fome  of  the  Chief  Perfons  about  the  Queen,  fas 

the  Bear  and  Ragged  SiafF  belonging  to  the  Lord 

Robert  Dudley,']  f^c.  would  frame  Significations  of 

Things  fortunate  to  themlelves,  and  unformnale  to 

thofe  they  bore  Jllwill  to. 

AifoagainflCon-     *  Another  AiX  was  made  agaifiji  Conjurations^ 

juntioiiand       Enthantmenls  andWitchtrafts.      That  which  gave 

WiKbc»ft.       Ground  to  this  Aft  was,   '  That  as  ihefe  wicked 

*  Practices  now-a-Days  prevailed  much,  fo  there 

*  was  no  ordinary  or  condign  Punifhment  provided 

*  againft  luchPraclicersof  Conjuraticnsand  Invoca- 

*  lion  of  wicked  Spirits,  So:ceries,  Charms,  En- 
»  chantments  and  Witchcrafts,  the  Statuie  againft 

*  them  33  Htn.  8,  having  been  repealed  i  Edw.  6.* 
Since  liie  Repeal  whetgtjfj  many  phauiafiical  and. 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  37 

devilidi  Perfons  had  devifed  and  pra£tireJ  Invocati-queenEliubr-Ji, 
ons  and  Conjurations  of  Evil  Spirits,  and  had  uftd  1561. 
and  praflircd  Witchcraft,  Enchantments,  t^c  to  the 
Deftrudlion  of  this  Realm,  and  for  other  lewd  In- 
tents and  Purpofes.  The  Penalty  of  fuch  was  to 
fufer  the  Pains  of  Death  as  Felons,  when  upon  any 
fuch  Witchcraft  or  Enchantment,  any  Perfon  Oiould 
happen  to  be  killed  or  deftroyed ;  Or  Tmprifonment 
for  a  Year,  and  once  every  Quarter  of  the  (aid  Year 
lo  ftsnd  upon  the  Pillory  fix  Hears  in  fome  Markct- 
1 -Town,  and  there  openly  confefs  his  Error  and  Of- 
l^ce;  when  by  fuch  Enchantment  or  Witchcraft 
I  my  Perfon  was  not  killed,  but  wafted,  confumed, 
i'ta'  lamed  in  his  Rody  or  Members  ;  or  whereby  any 
yGoodsorChatels  ofany  Perfon  (hould  be  deftroyed, 
"rafted  or  impaired.  The  iecond  Offence  to  be 
'  Another  AQ.  now  made  was.  Fir  ike  due  Ext-  A€t  relntinj  to 
kof/fM  cfthe  Writ  de  Excsmmumcam  Copienda.  LetE'comnmnioid. 
^le  alfo  relate  the  Reafon  and  Occafion  of  this  A£t  j"'^ 
Bin  the  Preamble  is  fpecified  :  Namely,  '  That 
'  diven  Perfons  offending  in  many  grievous  Crimes 
f  and  Offences,  appertaining  to  the  Jurifdidlion  of 
f  the  Ecclefiaftical  Courts,  Were  many  Times  un- 
tpunifliedfor  lack  of  goodanddueExecutionofihe 
lifeid  Wrh.'  The  great  Abufe  whereof  was,  Thai 
ne  faid  Writ  was  not  returnable  into  any  Court, 
but  left  to  the  Direiftion  of  the  Sheriffs  or  their  De- 
puties ;  by  whofe  Negligence  and  Defaults  the  Writ 
by  this  Means  was  not  executed  at  all.  And  here- 
by fuch  Offenders  were  much  encouraged  ,10  conr 
imue  their  (inful  Life.  Therefore  it  was  enafted. 
That  the  faid  Writ  that  fliould  be  awarded  out  of 
the  High  Court  of  Chancery,  (liould  be  made  in 
ihc  Time  of  the  Term  returnable  in  the  Court  of 
King's-Bench,  in  the  Term  next  after  the  lejle  of 
ihe  faid  Writ.  And  that  if  the  Writ  delivered  of 
Record  to  the  Sheriff,  or  his  Deputy,  were  not  duly 
returned  Ijefore  the  Juftices  of  the  King's-Bench  j 
or  that  any  Default  or  Negligence  had  been  ufed,  in 
not  wdi  fcrving  and  executing  it ;  then  they  to 
jfiefs  luch  Amerciament  upon  the  faid  Sheriff  or 
0  2  hit 

38     The 'Parliamentary  Histort 

Qiic-nEHubeth.  his  Deputy,  asthey  fliould  in  their  Difcrciion  think 
''  ^'  meet.  And  in  cafe  the  Sheriff,  or  hit  Officer,  return, 
that  the  Party  named  in  the  Writ  could  not  be 
found  within  his  Bailiffwick,  then  the  Juftices  of 
the  faid  Bench  to  award  a  Writ  of  Capias.  And 
how  that  was  to  be  managed,  and  the  Punifhment 
of  the  Perfon  excommunicated,  fs**-.  may  be  read 
in  the  Aft,  the  Particulars  too  Jong  to  be  inferted. 

•  What  the  Crimes  or  Caufes  of  proceeding  to 
excommunicate  any.  and  the  faid  Writ  thereupon, 
may  be  underftood  by  a  Provifion  in  this  Ad,  viz. 
That  in  the  Signijicavit  muft  be  mentioned  the 
Caufe  of  the  Excommunication,  as  fome  Matter 
of  Hctcfy.  or  refufing  to  have  a  Child  baptized,  or 
to  receive  ilieHoly  Communion  as  now  common- 
ly ufed  to  be  received  by  the  Church  of  England, 
or  [o  come  to  Divine  Service  as  now  commonlj 
ufed  in  the  faid  Church,  or  Error  in  Matter  of  Re- 
ligion or  Doiirine  now  received  and  allowed  in 
this  Church;  Incontinency,  Ufury.  Simony,  Perjury 
in  the  Eccleliaftical  Court,  Idolatry. 

'  This  Adl  feems  to  back  and  give  a  Force  to 
the  Cenfurcs  of  the  Bifhops.  Which  was  needful 
in  this  Jundure,  to  check  Papifts,  and  other  fcandal- 
ous  Crimes  and  corrupt  Doftrines  againft  the  Religi- 
on, as  now  reformed.  For  in  the  Ait  there  is  a 
Saving  to  the  Authority  of  ArchbifhopsandBilhops, 
as  to  certify  any  Perfons  Excommunicate,  fo  to 
accept  and  receive  the  SubmilTion  and  Satisfaflion  of 
Perfons  fo  excommunicate  in  Manner  and  Form 
heretofore  ufed;  and  to  abfolve  and  rclcafe  them, 
and  the  fame  to  figniiy,  as  heretofore  Hath  been  ac- 
cuilomed,  into  the  Court  of  Chancery:  And  there- 
upon to  have  fuch  Writs  for  the  Deliverance  offuch 
Perfons,  fo  abfolved  and  releafed,  from  the  Sheriff's 
Cuftody  or  Prifon,  as  heretofore  they,  or  any  of 
them,  had,  or,  of  Right,  ought  to  have." 

Thus  far  Mr.  Strype. 

The  reft  of  the  A£ls  pafled  this  SelTion  are  not  much 

?srr*d  ^^^       *°  °^^   Purpofe.      Tho'  there  were  feveral   more 

'  good  Laws  made  for  the  Relief  of  the  Poor ;  tlie 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         3p 

Paniftiment  of  thofe  Vagabonds,  called  Egypli'ins,  Qaata'Eiittbeai, 
and  Forgers  of  Evidences.  As,  alfo,  fuch  as  fliould  156*. 
commit  Sodomy  or  Perjury.  Other  Afts  were 
made  for  well-ordering  of  the  Royal  Navy ;  for  [he 
Support  and  Improvement  of  Tillage,  Several 
more  Attainders  were  alfo  revers'd  ;  amongft  which  j^*^^'**'*" 
that  of  the  Children  of  Cranmtr,  late  Archbilhop  of 
Canterbury,  is  the  moft  remarkable.  An  Afl  was 
pafled  for  a  Tratiflation  of  the  Bible,  and  other  Di- 
vine Offices,  into  the  Welch  Tongue.  Lallly,  an 
Aft  was  made  declaring  the  Authority  of  the  Lord 
Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal  of  England  and  the  Lord 
Chancellor's  to  be  all  one.  So  that  now  Sir  Nicholas 
Bacen,  Knight,  who  is,  thro' both  thofe  Parliaments, 
ftiled  Cujtffs  Magni  Sigil/i,  is  declared  to  be  the  fame 
^Lord  High  Chancellor  of  ^w^/aW.  It  is  to  be  re- 
marked, ihat  Henry  VIIL  had,  by  Aft  of  Parlia- 
ment, conligned  the  firft  Place  of  Honour  to  the  • 
Lord  Chancellor ;  the  fecond  to  the  Lord  Treafurer  ; 
the  third  tothePrefidentof  his  Majeity's  Council  ; 
and  the  fourth  to  the  Lord  Privy  Seal.  And,  they 
were  to  take  Place  of  all  Dukes,  except  thofe 
I  of  the  Blood  Royal. 

In  the  Proceedings  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, this  Parliament,  the  Affair  of  the  Queen's 
i^arriage  and  fettling  the  Succeflion,  was  again  re- 
—Jiewed.  We  are  told,  that  on  January  i6th  3 
potion  was  made  in  that  Houfe  ;  and  on  the 
"[gih,  the  Speaker  and  twenty-four  more  were  ap- 
ointed  a  Committee  to  draw  up  che  Form  of  a 
•etition  to  her  Majefty  for  the  Piirpofe  aforefaid. 
And,  on  the  i8th  of  the  fame  Month,  the  Speaker, 
with  the  whole  Houfe,  attended  on  the  Queen  \ 
and  after  a  fhort  Oration  of  his  own,  delivered  their 
■Petition  to  her.  The  Form  of  which  is  preferved 
in  D'Ewes's  Journals,  as  follows : 

*  \rOUR  Commons  in  this   your   Majefty's  Aaoth„  Petition 

*  X       prefent  Parliament  aflembled,  Moft  Highorth*  commoni 

*  and  Mighty  Princefs,  our  Moft  Dread  Sovereign  f«":*«Qs«n  » 

*  Lady,  as  they  do  daily,  to  their  Commodity  and"""^' 

*  Comfort,  feel  and  receive  the  ineftimabk  Benefits 

[  of 


40    The  Tarliamentary  Histort. 

OwMoEllnbeth. *  of  your  moft  gracious  Government  of  ihis  your 
1561.        *  Realm,  in  Peace  and  Surety,    fo   do  alfo  moft 

*  thanlcfully  aclinowledge  ihe  lame,  befeething  Al- 

*  mighty  God  long  to  blefs and  continue  yovirmolt 

*  profperous  Reign  over  them  ;  and  among  all  thefe 
'  Benefits  which  they  daily  receive  of  your  High- 
^  nefs,  they  have  at  this  Time  willed  me,  in  iheir 

*  Nimes,  to  recognize  unco  your  Highnefs, 
J  they  account  it  not  the  leaft,  but  ralher  among 

*  the  greateit  of  them  all.  That  your  Majefty  hath 

*  at  this  Time  aflbmbled  your  Parliament,  forfup- 
^  plying  and  redrefling  the  greateft  Wants  and  De- 

*  faults  in  your  Commonweal,  and  for  the  edahlifh- 

*  ing  the  Surety  of  the  fame  ;  which  your  Maje- 
'  fty's  moft  gracious  Meaning,  hath  been  at  your 

*  Oammandment,  fignified  unto  us,  by  the  Right 

*  Honourable  the  Lord  Keeper  of  your  Great  Seal 

*  of  Enghnd  ;  namely  in  this,  that  he  willed  usfirft 

*  10  have  Coniideration  of  the  greateft  Matters  that 

*  neareft  toiich'd  the  State  of  the  Realm,  and  the 

*  Prefervation  thereof,  feeming  therein  alfo  to  ex- 
f  ptefs  unto  us  the  Conformity  of  your  Majefty's 
'  Mind,  in  having  principal  Relpefl  to  the  Matters 

*  of  greateft  Weight ;    and  for  that  Refpe^  af- 

*  fembling  this  your  Parliament.  And  forafmuch 
'  as  your  faid  Subjedls  fee  nothing  in  this  whole  E- 

*  ftate  of  fo  great  Importance  to  your  Majefty,  and 
'  the  whole  Realm,  nor  fo  neceiTary  at  this  Time 

*  to  be  reduced  to  Certainty,  as  the  fure  Continu- 

*  aiice  of  the  Government  of  the  Imperial  Crown 
'  thereof,  and  the  moft  honourable  Ifl'ue  of  your 
'  Body  (which  Almighty  God   fend   us  to  yoar 

^  Highnefs's  Comfort)  and   for  Want  (hereof,  in     \ 
'  fome  certain  Limitation  to  guide  the  Obedience     ' 

*  of  our  Pofteriiy  j  and  where  Almighty  God,  to 

*  our  great  Terror  and  dreadful  Warning,  lately 
'  touched  your  Highnefs  with  fome  Danger  of  your 

.•■^..'-  *  moft  noble  Pcrfon,  bySicknefs;  from  which  fo 

'  foon  as  your  Xjrace  was,  by  God's    Favour  and 

*  Mercy  to  us,   recovered,  your  Highnefs  (ent  out     ! 
'  your  Writs  of  Parliament,  by  Force  whereof  your     ' 

*  Subjects  are  at  this  Time  aflembled ;  your  faid 

'  Subjeiils 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  41 

'  Siibjefls  are  both  by  the  Necefiity  anJ  Importance  Qu«; 
'  of  ihe   Mailer,  and  by  the  Convenience  of  ihe 

*  Time  of  calling  them  immediately  upon    your 

*  Recovery,  enforced  to  gather,  and  confeis,  that 

*  your  Majefty,  of  yout  molt  gracious  and   mo- 

*  iherly   Care  for   them  and  their  Pofterity,  have 

*  fummoned  this  Parliament,  principally  for  ella- 
'  blilhing  of  fome  certain  Limitation  of  the  Impe- 
'  rial  Crown  of  your  Realm,  for  Prcfervation  of 

*  your  Subjects  from  certain  and  utter  Deftruflion; 

*  fif  the  fame  ftiould  not  be  provided  in  your  Life, 
'  which    God  long  continue.)      They  cannot,  I 

*  fay,  but  acknowledge   your  Majefty  hath  molt 

*  gracioufly  confidered  the  great  Dangers,  the  un- 

*  fpcalcable  Miferies  of  Civil  Wars,  the  perillous 
,  *  Intermingling  of  Foreign  Princes  with  fediti- 
.'*  ditious,  ambitious  and  faftious  Subjects  at  Home  ; 

*  the  Wafte  of  noble  Houfe?,  the  Slaughter  of  Peo- 

*  pie,  Subverfion  of  Towns ;  Intermiflion  of  all 
'  Things  pertaining  lO  the  Maintenance    of   the 

*  Realm,  Unfureiy  of  all  Men's-PolTeflions,  Lives 

*  and  Eftates  ;  daily  Interchange  of  Attainders  and 

*  Treafons.     All  ihcfe  Mifchiefs,  and  infinite  o- 

*  thers,  moll  likely  andevident,  if  yourMajeftyfhouId 

*  be  taken  from  us,  without  known  Heir,  (which 
S  God   forbid)  to  fall  upon  your  Subjeifb,  to  the 

*  utter  Subverfion  of  the  whole,   whereof  you  have 

*  Charge  under  God  :  It  good  Provilion  fhould  not 

*  be    had   in   this   Behalf.      Your    Majefty   hath 

*  weighed   the   Examples  of  foreign   Nations,  as 

*  what  enfued  the  Death  of  Great  ^kxander,  when 

*  for  Want  of  certain  Heirs  by  him  begotten,  or 
■*  appointed,  the  Variety  of  Titles,  the  Diverfityof 

*  Difpofilions  in  them  that  had  Titles,  the  Amhi- 
'  tion  of  them  that  under  Colour  of  Doubtfulnefs 

*  ofjTille  forfook  all  Obedience  of  Titles,  deftroy- 
'  ed  his  Dominions,  and  wafted  Pofterity  with 
'  mutual  Wars  and  Slaughters:  In  what  miferable 

*  Cafe  alfovras  thisRealm  ilfelf,  when  the  Title  of 
'  the  Crown  was  toiled  in  Queftion,  between  the 
'  two  Royal  Houfes  of  Lancaflir  and  York,  till  your 
'  moft  noble  Progenitors  Henry  the  Seventh,  and  the 


42    The  Tarliamentary  History 

Queen  EllMbeth/  ^^^X  Elizabeth  his  Wife,  reftorcd  it  to  a  fettled 
1562.      *  ^  Unity,  and  left  the  Crown  in  a  certain  Courfe  of 

*  Succeffion  ?     Thefe  Things  as    your  Majefty 

*  hath,  upon  your  own  Danger,  moft  gracioufly 

*  confidered  for  our  Comfort  and  Safety ;    fo  we 

*  moft  humble  Subjeds,  knowing  the  Prefervation 

*  of  ourfelves,  and  all  our  Pofterity,  to  depend 
«  upon  the  Safety  of  your  Majefty's  moft  Royal 

<  Perfon,  have  moft  carefully  and  diligently  con- 

*  fidered,  how  the  Want  of  Heirs  of  your  Body, 

*  and  certain  Limitation  of  Succeffion  after  you,  is 

*  moft  perillous  to  your  Highnefi,    whom  God 

*  long  preftrve  amongft  us.    We  have  beenadmo- 

*  niftied  of  the  great  Malice  of  your  foreign  Ene- 

*  mies,  which  even  in  your  Lifetime  have  fought  to 

*  transfer  the  Dignity  and  Right  of  your  Crown  to 

<  a  Stranger  ;  we  have  noted  their  daily  moft  dan- 

*  gerous  Praftices  againft  your  Life  and  Reign  ;  we 
«  have  heard  of  fome  Subjefts  of  this  Land,  moft 

*  unnaturally  confederated  with  your  Enemies,  to 

*  attempt  the  Deftrudlion  of  your  Majefty,  and  us 

*  all  that  live  by  you ;  we  fear  a  Fadlion  of  Here- 
'  ticks  in  your  Realm,  contentious  and  malicious 
«  Papifts,  left  they  moft  unnaturally  againft  their 

*  Country,  moft  madly  againft  their  own  Safety, 

*  and  moft  treacheroufly  againft  your  Highnefs,  not 

*  only  hope  for  the  woful  Day  of  your  Death,  but 

*  alfo  lay  in  wait  to  advance  fome  Title,  under 

*  which  they  may  revive  their  late  unfpeakahle 
«  Cruelty,  to  the  Deftruftion  of  Goods,  Pofleffions 

*  and  Bodies,  and  Thraldom  of  the  Souls  and  Con- 

*  fciences  of  your  faithful  and  Chriftian  Subjefts ; 

*  we  fee  nothing  to  withftand   their  Defire,  but 

*  your  only  Life  ;  their  Unkindnefs  and  Cruelty  we 

*  have  tafted  ;  we  fear  much  to  what  Attempt  the    i 

*  Hope  of  fuch  Opportunity  (nothing  withftanding    i 

*  them  but  your  Life  J  will  move  them;  we^find    1 

*  how  neceflary  it  is  for  your  Prefervation,  'that    1 

*  there  be  more  Bounds  fet  between  your  Ma-    \ 
'  jetty's  Life  and  their  Defire  ;  we  fee,  on  the  other 

*  Side,  how  there  can  be  no  fuch  Danger  to  your 

*  Majefty  by  Ambition  of  any  apparent  Heirefta-  ' 

«  blUhed 



0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         43 

'  blifhed  by  your   Benefi:  and  Advancement,  for  QuejnEKMbetfc, 

'  Want  of  Iflue  of  your  Majcfty's  Royal  Body,  as        1561 , 

'  you  are  now  fubjeft  unto,  by  reafon  of  their  De- 

*  lire  and  Hope  ;  we  know  not  how  many  pretend 

'  Titles  and  Truft  to  fucceed  you,  whofefecret  De- 

'  Gre  we  fo  much  more  fear,  becaufe  neither  iheir 

'  Number,  Force,  nor  Likelihood  ofDifpoficii 

known  unto  us ;  and  fo  we  can  the  lefs  beware  of 

*  them  for  your  Prcfervation. 

'  Weiind  alfo,  by  good  Proof,  that  the  certain 
'  Limitation  of  the  Crown  of  Frame,  hath  in  that 
'  Realm    procured  fo  great  Quiet,  as  neither  the 

*  Perfon  of  the  Prince  in  PoUefTion  hath  been  in- 

*  dangered  by  fecret  or  open  Praflice;  nor  the  Com- 
'  monweal    molcfted  by  civil  Diflention,  through 

*  any   Qyarrel  attempted,    for  the  Title  of  that 

*  Crown.     And  fomewhat  near  home,  wc  have 

*  remembred  the  miferable  Ellate   of  Scotland,  after 

*  the  Death  of  King  Alexander,  without  any  certain 
'  Heir,  or  Limitation  to  whom  the  Crown  of  Scot- 

*  /an^ftiould  remain  ;  by  reafon  whereof  the  whole 

*  Eftate  of  that  Realm  was  left  open    to  the  Ambi- 

*  tion  of  many  Competitors,  and   moll  grievous 

*  Defolation  and  Spoil,  that  grew  upon  fuch  Divi- 
"  fion  ;  which  afterwards  gave  Occalion  to  King 
^  Jamenhz  Fifth,  to  limit  the  Crown  of  Scotland 

*  to  certain  noble  Families  of  that  Realm  J  where- 
?  by  they,  at  this  prefent,  enjoy  that  quiet  Surety 

*  which  we  want.  And  all  your  Majefty's  moft 
^  noble  Progenitors,    Kings  of  this  Realm,   have 

'  been  in  this  Behalf  fo  careful,  that  from  the  Con- 
quefttill  this  prefent  Day,  the  Realm  was  never 
left,  as  it  is  now,  without  a  certain  Heir,  living 
and  known,  to  whom  the  Grown,  after  the 
Death  of  the  Prince,  (hould  appertain.  So,  as 
your  Majefty  of  your  lingular  Care  for  us,  and 
our  Pofterity,  hath  at  this  Time  aflembled  us,  for 
eftablifliing  this  great  and  only  Stay  of  our  Safeties : 
We  again,  Moft  Gracious  Sovereign  Lady,  ac- 
knowledge our  felves,  and  all  that  we  have,  to 
depend  upon   your  Prcfervation,  being  according 

'*  to  our  bounden  Duty,  moft  careful  of  the  fame. 

44      The  Tarliamentary  Histort 

Uuren  EHiibeili '  are  111  moft  humb'e  Manner  come  to  your  Maje- 

Ji6a,        «  fty's  Prefence ;  And  I,  the  Mouth  appointed  for 

'  thsm,  together  with,  and  in  the  Name  of  all  your 

*  moft  loving,  natural  and  obedient  Subjeds,  do 
'  prefent  unto  you  our  moft  lowly  Suit  and  Peti- 
'  tion.  That  forafmuchasof  yourMajefty's  Perfon 
'  would  come  the  moft  redoubted  and  beft  Heirs  of 

*  your  Crown,  futh  as  in  Time  to  come  we  would 

*  moft  comfortably  lee,  and  our  Pofterity  moftjoy- 

*  fully  obey : 

'  It  may  pleafe  your  Moft  Excellent  Majefty,  for 

*  our  Sake%  for  our  Prefervaiion  and  Comforts,  and 

*  at  ourmoft  humble  Suit,  to  take  to  yourfelf  ibme 

*  honourable  Husband,  whom  it  fliall  pleafe  you  to 

*  join  unto  in  Marriage;  whom,  whaifocver  he  be 
'  that  your  Majefty  (hall  choofe,  we  proteft  and 
'  promife,  with   all  Humility  and  Reverence,  to 

*  honour,  love  and  fcrve,  as  to  our  moft  bounded 
* 'Duty  fliallappertain.     And  whereby  the  Statute 

*  which  your  moft  noble  Father  aiTented  unto,  of 

*  his  moft  princely  and  fatherly  Zeal  for  his  moft 
'  loving  Subjetis,  for  the  Limitation  of  the  Succef- 

*  fion  of  the  Imperial  Crown  of  this  Realm,  your 
'  Majsfty  ij  the  laft  exprelsly  named  within  the 
'  Body  of  the  faid  A&. ;  and  for  that  your  Subjects 

*  cannot  judge,  nor  do  know  any  thing  of  the  Form 

*  or  Validity  ofany  further  Limitations,   left  incer- 

*  tain  for  Want  of  Heirs  of  your  Body,  whereby 

*  fome  great  dangerous  Doubt   remaineth  in  their 

*  Hear;s,  to  their  great  Grief,  Peril  and  Unqniet- 
'  nefs:     It  may  alfo  pleafe  your  Majefty,  by  Pro- 

*  cUmation  of  Certainty  already  provided,  if  anj' 

*  fuch  be,  or  elfe  by  Limitations  of  Certainty,  if 
'  none  be,  to  provide  a  moft  gracious  Remedy   in 

'  '  this  great  Ncceffity  ;  which,  by  your  moft  htv 

*  nnurahle  and  motherly  Carefulnefs  ior  them,  hath 
'  occafioned  this  Aflcmbly  ;   That  in  thisconveni- 

*  ent  Time  of  Parliament,  upon  your  late  Danger 
'  moft  grac;Qufly  called,  by  you,  for  that   Caufe, 

*  your  Grace  may  now  extend  to  us  that  great  Be- 
'  nefit,  which  otherwife,  or  at  other  Times,  per- 

*  haps,  (hall  never  be  able  to  be  done  again  ;    )o  not 

•  only" 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      45 

'  only  we.bulal!  ours  hereafter,  and  forever,  (hall  QuHnrilubtih, 
'  owe  no  lefs  to  your  Majefty's  Propagation  of  Sue-        156*. 
'  ceflion,  than  we  do  already  owe  10  your  moft  fa- 
'  mous  Grandfather,  King  Heniy  the  Seventh,  his 
'  uniting  of  Divifion.     And  your  SobjeiSs,  on  their 

*  Behalts,  for  your  Majefty'a  further  AHiiraiice, 
'  whereupon  their  own  Prefervation  wholly  dc- 
'  pendeth,  fliall  employ  their  whole  Endeavours, 
'  and  Wits,  and  Power,  10  renew,  devife  and  efta- 

*  blifh  the  molt  ftrong  and  beneficial  Ads  and  Laws 
'  of  Prefervation  and  Surety  of  your  Majefty  and 
'  of  your  Illue,   in   the   Imperial   Crown  of  this 

*  Realm  ;  and  the  moft  penal,  fharp  and  terrible 
'  Statutes,   to  all  that  fliall  but  once  pradtife,  and 

'  attempt,  or  conceive  againft  your  Safety  i  that  ' 

'  by  any  poUible  Means  they   may  invent  or  cfta- 

*  blifh,  with  fuch  Limitations  of  Conditions,   and 

*  Reftraints  to  all  in  Remainders,  fuch  grievous 
'  Pains,  and  narrow   Animadverfions   to    all  that 

*  fhal!  enterprize  or  imagine  any  thing  in  Prqudice 

*  of  your  Highnefs,  and  your  Ililie,  as  your  Majelly 
'  fliall  not  have  any  Caufe  of  Sufpicion,  but  moft 

*  afliired  Ground  of  Confidence  in  all  your  faithful 

*  Subjcfts,  continually  watching  and  warding  for 

*  your  Prefervation,   which  God   long  continue, 

*  that  you  may  fee  your  Childrens  Children,  to  His 

*  Honour  and  our  Comfort,  and  incline  your  gra- 
'  cious  Ear  to  our  moft  humble  Pelilions,* 

No  Anfwer  was  returned  to  thi»  Addrefs,  till  the 
itHa  ai  February ;  and  then  Mr.  Comptrulier,  and 
Mr.  Secretary,  acquainted  the  Houfe,   '   That  her^j^^  Oueen-* 

*  Majefty  doubted  not  but  the  grave  Heads  of  this  (jigjt  ^„5,. 
»  Houte  did  right  \vell  confider  that  flic  forgot  not 

'  the  Suit  of  this  Houfe,  for  the  SucccfTion  ;  the 
'  Matter  being  fo  weighty,  nor  could  forget  it. 
'  But  flie  willed  the  young  Heads  to  take  Example 
■  of  their  Elders'.  We  may  believe  this  Ihori  An- 
fwer to  their  long  Addrefs  was  not  well  rclifhed  by 
the  Commons  ;  but  ftill,  no  farther  Notice  was 
taken  of  it,  'till  the  laft  Day  of  this  SelTion.     And, 

On   the  loth  Day  ot   April,   the  Bills  being  al! 

fcady  for  the  Royal  Aflcnt,  the  Queen  came  to  the 


■  rr^v. 

46       Tbs  Tarliamentary  History 

qoMnEliialitth.  Houfe  of  Lords,  in  the  Afternoon ;  and,  on  prefent" 
jjfo.        ing  the  Bills,  the   Speaker  of  the  Houfe   of  Com- 
mons made  the  following  Speech  : 

HIS  it    is,   moft  excellent  and   virtuous 

Piincefs,  ^c.    As  Nature  giveth  to  every 

reafonable  Creature  to  fpeak,  fo  it  is  a  Grace  to 
the  Addrtfi  for  t  [je  viTell  learned  i  and  I  reprefenting  the  Mouih  of 
image.     ,  ^^^^  ^  Body  as  cannot  (peak  for  itfelf,  and  in  the 

*  Prefence  of  your  Majeily's  Perfon  and  Nobles, 

*  muft  moft  humbly  deiire  and  crave  of  your  High- 
'  nefs,  to  bear  with  my  Imperfeilions. 

*  *  This  Commonwealth  hath  been,  by   God'a 

*  Providence,  firft  inftituted,  and  fince,  by  Mans 
'  Policy,    continued ;    wherein  Juftice  and   good 

*  Counfel  is   moft  to  be  preferred ;    For  ancienr 
'  Law-Makers,  and  Authors  of  good  Laws,  be  wor- 

*  thy  to  be  praifed,  and  had  in  perpetual  Remem- 

*  brance ;  and  fuch  are   the  Laws  that  we  have 

*  made  in  this  Commonwealth,  as,  in   my  Opini- 
'  on,   do  excell  and  p;ifs  all  other  human  Laws. 

'  Amongft  divers  Authors  of  good  Laws,  we 
'  have  fet  forth  unto  us,  to  the  End  they  fliould  not 
'  be  forgotten,  three  Q^ieens ;    the  firft   Palejlina, 

*  the  Queen,  reigning  before  the  Deluge,  who  made 

*  Laws  as  well  concerning  Peace  as  Wat. 

'  The  fecond   was   Ceres,   the   Queen,    which 

*  made   Laws  concerning  Evil-Doers.     And, 

'  The  third  was  Marc,  Wife  of  Bathihcus,  Mo- 

*  ther  to  Stillicus,  the  King,  who  enaded  Laws  for 
'  the  Maintenance  and  Prefervation  of  the  Good 

I  •  and  Well -Doers, 

*  And  fince  that  Time,  Etheldred,   a   King  in 

*  this  Realm,  eftablifhed  Laws,  and  fet  in  mod 
.  '  beaten,  high,  and  crofs  Ways,  a  Crofs,  and  therein 
'  *  a  Hand,  with  a  Ring  of  Gold,  pointing  to  the  moft 
I                          '  ufudl  J  which  alfo  ftood  uniaken  away  ordimi- 

*  nithed  during  his  Lifr. 

'  And   fo  you  are  the  fourth  Queen,  Eftabliflier 
i  *  of  good  Laws,   our  moft  dread  Sovereign  Lady, 

I'  for  your  Time,  as  happy  as  any  of  the  three; 
'  which  Happinefs  fot  the  preient  I  let  flip,  and  de- 
!  fife 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       47 

'  lire,  as  all  our  Hearts  dot  ihal  fome  happy  Mar- Queen Elinbnba 

'  riage  to  your    Contentation   migJir    fliorily  be       'S*'- 

'  brought  to  pafs.    YourMajefty  finding  this  Realm 

'  out  of  Order,  and  full  of  Abufes,  have  coniinual- 

'  ly  had  a  fpecial  Care  to  reform  the.  faid  Abules; 

'  and  for  the  more  expelling  thereof,  have  congre-  • 

*  gated  together  this  Aflembly,  whereby  partly  to 
'  your  Contentation,  for  Reformation  of  the  fame 

*  to  its  old  priftine    Eftatc,  and   for  Money  and 

*  Peace  is  all  that  chiefly  we  have  done;  for  which 

*  Purpofes,  we  have  agreed  upon  and  made  certain 

*  Laws,  which,  until  your  Majefty  have  granted 

*  your  Royal  ftflent,  and  fo  given  Life  thereunto» 

*  cannot  be  called  Laws. 

'  And  herein  requiring  of  your  Majefty  three  Pe- 
'  tilions,  two  for  the  Commons,  and  one  for  my- 
'  felf ;  the   firft  for  fuch  Laws  as  they  have  made, 

*  being  as  yet  without  Life,  and  fo  no  Laws ;  that 
'  it  would  pleafe  your  Majefty  to  grant  your  Royal 

*  Aflent  unto  them.  Secondly,  that  your  High- 
,*  ncfe  would  accept  their  Doings  in  good  Part,  that 
'*  the  Imperfeflions  of  their  Labours,  by  your  Ac- 
'  ceptance  may  be  fupplied ;  for,  as  appeareth  in 
■  fundry  Hiftories,  the  Perfonsoftnofe  Princes  and 

*  Subjects  have  long  continued,  which  have  well 

*  ufed  thcmfclves  one  toward  the  other ;  which, 

*  without  neglefting  of  ray  Duty,  I  cannot,  in 
'  your  Prefence,  fo  let  flip :  For,  as  it  appeareth  in 

*  divers  Hiftories,  the  noble  Altxandtr  having  prc- 
'  fenied  unto  him,  by  one  of  his  poor  Soldiers,  the 
'  Head  of  one  of  his  Enemies,  he,  not  forgetting 

*  theServiceof  his  Soldier,  although  herein  he  had 

*  done  but  his  Duty,  gave  unto  him  a  Cup  of  Goldj 

*  which  firft  the  Soldier  rcfufed  ;  but  after  that  A- 
Uxander  had  commanded  it  to  be  filled  with 
Wine,  and  delivered  him,  he  received  it  ;  where- 
by appeareih  the  noble  and  liberal  Heart  of  the 
faid  Alexander. 

*  Alfo,  Xenophon,  writing  of  the  Life  o^Cyrus, 
who  being  hberal  of  Gifts,  having  vanquiflied 
Crajus,aad  he  marvelled  at  his  Liberaliry,'  faid,  It 
were  better  to  keep  it  by  him,  than  fo  liberally  to 
;  depart 

48'    7 he  Parliamentary  HiStort. 

(jjetnEBiabeth. '  depart   from   it;  unto  whom    Cyrm  anfwered, 

156*.        c  That  his   Treafure  was  innumerable  ;    and  ap- 

'  pointed  Crcefui  a  Day,    to   fee  the  fame  ;  and 

'  thereupon  tooli  Order,  ihat  his  Subjefls  fliould, 

'  before  that  Time,  bring  in  their  Tteafure  ;  which 

*  being  innumerable,  and  more  than  Cyrus  by  any 

*  other  Means  could  have  given;  Crccfus  much 
'  Wondered  thereat ;  Cyrus  faid,  Thou  caufeft  me 

*  to  take  of  mv  Subjeds,  and  retain  the  fame  ;  but 
'  what  reed  1  to  take,  when  they  fo  frankly  will 
'  bring  it  unto  me ;  and  fo  as  Occafion  ferveth, 
'  ready  continually  to  fupply  my  Want?  therefore, 
'  how  can  I  be  but  rich,  having  fuch  Subjefts?   but 

,  *  if  they  by  any  Means   were   poor,  tlien   were  I 

'  pooralfo. 

*  Which  two  worthy  Examples  of  Alexander  and 
'  Cyrus,  yourMaJefty  hath  not  forgotten  lo  purfue  ; 

*  but  wiih  the  like  Zeal  have  hitherto  always  ufed 

*  us,  and  now  efpecially  at  this  prefent,  by  your 

*  moft  gracious  and  free  Pardon  ;  for  the  which, 
'  and  all  other,  they  by  me  their  Mouth,  do  moft 
'  humbly  thank  you  ;  acknowledging  fuch  and  fo 
'  much  Love  and  Zeal  of  their  Parts  towards  your 
»  Majefty,  as  ever  any  Subjects  did  bear  towards 

*  their  Prince  and  Governour.  And  in  Token 
»  thereof,  with  one  Aflcnt  to  offer  to  your  Higb- 

*  nefs,  one  Subfidy  and  two  Fifteenths^  moft  hum- 

*  bly  beleeching  your  MajcHy  to  accept  it,  not  in 

*  Recompence  of  your  Benefits,  but  alfo  asaToken 

*  of  their  Duty,  ss  the  poor  Widow's  Farthing  was 
<  accepted,  as  appeareih  in  the  Scripture. 

'  Thirdly,  That  it  may  alfo  like  your  Majcfty, 

*  to  accept  my  humble  Thanks  in  alluwing,  and 

*  admitting  me,  being  unworthy  of  this  Place,  and 
'  bearing  with  my  unworthy  Service  ;  and  lafl  of 
'  all,  my  utjfitting  Words,  uplandifh  and  rude 
'  Speech;  befeeching  God  to  incline  your  Majefty'a 
'  Heart  to  Marriage,  and  that  he  will  fo  bleis  and 
'  fend  you  good  Succefe  thereunto,   that  we  may 

*  fee  the  Fruits  and  Children  that  may  come  there- 
■  off    fo  that  you  and  they  may,  profperoufly, 

•  and 




and  as  long  Time,  reign  over  us,  as  ever  did  any  Queen Eiriabr 
Kings  or   Princes;  which  God  for  lib  Mercies       1561,    ''* 
'  Sake  grant  unto  us." 

Then  the  f^^ieen  called  the  Lord  Keeper  unto 
her,  commanding  him,  in  her  Name,  to  anfwer 
the  Speaker,  as  Ihc  then  declared  unto  him  ;  which 
mlloweth  : 

Mr.  Spfahfy 
'  nri  H  E  Queen's  Majefty  hath  heard  how  hum- 
'    J.       bly  and  difcreetly  you   have  declared  the '''J'' ^""Ketp' 
'  Proceedings,  and  for  Anfwer  hath  commanded  me,  '^  fZ^^'l  '" 
'  Ihat  I  fliould  utter  three  or   four  Things.      The  Name. 
'  firft,  for  her  Royal  Alient  to  the  Ai5k  made  at  this 
'  Parliament.     Secoinily,  How  comfortably,  and  al- 
'  fo  thankfully,  her  Majefty  accepteth  your  Li- 
'  berality.      And,  thirdly,  For  the  executing  of  the 
'  Laws. 

•  Here,  my  Lords  and  Mafters,  although  I  can- 
'  not  declare,  or  open  it  unto  yon,  as  her  Majefty 
'  liarh  commanded  me  ;  and  therefore  willingly 
'would  hold  my  Tongue,  if  I  might;  which,  (or 
'  that  I  cannot  be  fo  excufed,  I  fay  unto  you,  as  fo!- 
'  lowelh  ;  not  doubting  of  her  Highnefs's  Clemen- 
'  cy  in  bearingwith  me  herein. 

'  Firft,  Her  Majefty  confidereth  how  wifely  yovi 
'  have  done  for  the  abolifhing  of  the  Ramijh  Power, 
'  ihecommon  Enemy  of  this  Realm  1  remembring 
'  your  C*re  for  the  Defence  of  the  fame  Realm, 
'your  Refpefts  for  the  Maintenance  ofVidlual* 
'  the  Banifhmenc  of  Vagabonds,  and  Relief  of  the 
'  Poor,  wiih  otheis :  And  therefore  allowethyour 
'  worthy  Proceedings  herein. 

'  Secondly,  Your  Liberality  and  Benevolence, 
'  wherein  your  wU'c  Confiderations  towards  her 
'  Charges,  is  6y  her  Majefty  taken  in  thankful 
'  Part  ;  and,  I  take  it  lo  be  my  Duty  to  put  you 
'  in  Remembrance,  that  although  this  Subfidy  13 
'  made,  and  lo  be  born  by  Subjeils,  not  daily  ac- 
'  cuftoms'l  thereunto,  yet  that  at  her  firft  En^ 
'  trance  (he  had  the  like  ;  and  that  the  Grant 
V»L.  IV.  D  •  thereof 

JO      TbeTarltamentary  Histoilt 

tnEliMbeth,  *  thereof  is  more  liberal  than  afore  hath  been  accuf- 
lifii,        *  tomed,  and  that  it  is  of  your  Necefl;ty,  yet  it  is 

*  to  withftand  a  greater  Neceflity,  that  for  Fault 

*  thereof  would  elfe  have  enfued  ;  and   therefore 

*  that  Penny  is  well  fpent  that  faveth  a  Groat ; 

*  which  alfo  hath  been  granted,  neither  with  Per- 
'  fuafions.  Threats,  nor  ftiarji  Words,  which  afore 

*  this  Time  hath  been  acciiftomed,  but  by  one  ge- 

*  neralConfentof  youall  ;  wherein appeareth  your 

*  good  Wills,  and  benevolent  Minds,  you  bear  to 

*  her  Majefty,  which  Zeal  (he  moft  kindly  ac- 
'  cepteth  ;  and,  as(hehath  Caufe,  than keth  you. 

*  Again,  by  her  MajeHy's  Command,  (he,   re- 

*  membring  by  whom,  why,  and  to  whom  this  was 

*  granted,  dotli  thank  as  freely  as  you  have  granted, 

*  the  moft  Part  whereof  hath  been  accepted  ;  and 

*  left  thofe  that  have   fo  freely  offered  fliould  not 

*  be  fo  ready  toward  the  gathering,  thinkeihit  much 

*  better  to  lofe  the  Sum  granted,  than  to  lofc  yout' 

*  benevolent  Minds. 

'  Thirdly,  To  the  Execution  of  Laws,  I  have 

*  little  to  fay,  although  the  whole  Subftance  confift- 

*  eth  therein  ;  becaule  I  did,  in  the  Beginning  of 

*  this  Parliament,  declare  my  Opinion  in  that  Mat- 

*  ter ;  and  therefore,   as  now  you  liave,  to  your 

*  Charges,  taken  Pains  in  making  good  Laws,  fo 
'  put  to  your  Helps,  to  fee  thefe  and  all  others  ex- 

*  ecuted  ;  for  as  it  is  infallible,  that  a  Thing  done 
'  Unconftrained,  is  much  better  than  when  they  be 

*  conftrained  thereunto  ;  even  fo  her  Majefty  wil- 

*  leth  you  to  look  well,  without  more  Words,   to 

*  the  Execuiicn,  left  her  Grace  Ihould  be  driven  to 
'  do,  as  (he  doth  in  htr  Ecclellaftical  Laws,  make 

*  CommifHons  to  inquire,  whether  they  be  done  or 

*  no;  whereby  (he  fliall  know  thofe  Jufticesand 
'  Officers,  who  have  done  their  Duty,  and  are  to  be 

*  nfed  in  Service  of  Juitice,  whereof  her  Majefty 
'  defireth  to  have  many  ;  and  again  fhe  fhal!  under- 
'  ftand  who  are  to  be  barred  from  the  like  Rooms, 

*  and   the   penal  Staiuies  to  be  on  them  executed, 

*  after  this    gentle  Warning :    Which   Inquiry,  I 

*  know,  \i  liki;  to  fall  on  me,  as  well  as  another. 

•  How- 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      ji 

'  Howbeit,  if  Juftice  be  noi  execuied,  I  ftall  faeouMnEii^bcth 

*  glad  to  fee  this  Order  taken.     Notwithftanding,        jje" 
'  her  Majefty  hopell]  that  this  her  Admonition  fhall 

'  not  need,  for  that  you  fee'Laws  without  Execu- 
'  tion,  be  as  a  Torch  unlighted,  or  Body  without  a 
'Soul:  Therefore,  look  well  tQ  the  Exccuring. 
'  Here  endeth  the  three  Things,  which  her  Mjjc- 
'  fty  commanded  me  to  fay  unto  you. 

'  Befides  this,  her  Majeily  hath  to  anfwer  your 
'  Petitions.  And  as  to  the  firft,  in  which  you  defile 
'  her  Royal  Aflent  to  fuch  Matters  as   you  have 

*  agreed  upon ;  to  thai  flic  faith,  How  at  this  pre- 
'  feni  (he  is  come  for  that  Purpofe. 

'  And,  for  your  other  Petitions,  to  accept  in  good 
'  Part,  as  well  your  Service  as  the  Travails  and 
'  Doings  of  the  Nether  Houfe,  this  Parliament : 
'  To  that  fhe  anfwereih,  how  that  (he  doth  not 
'  only  accept  them  in  good  Part,  but  ahb  ihanketh 
'  both  you  and  them  for  the  fime. 

'  And  touching  your  Requeft,  before  this,  made 
'  unto  her,  for  her  Marriage  and  Succeflion  ;  be- 
'  aufe  it  is  of  fuch  Importance,  whereby  I  doubted 
'  my  own  opening  thereof,  I  thi^fore  defired  her 
'  Majefty,  that  her  Meaning  might  be  written, 
'  which  fhe  hath  donei  and  delivered  to  me,  to  be 
'  rnd,  as  foHoweth : 

"  OInce  there  can  be  no  dutr  Debt  than  Princes 
"  ]j  Words,  which  I  would  obferve,  therefore 
"  1  anfwer  to  ihe  fame.  Thus  it  is ;  The  two 
"  Petitions,  which  you  made  unto  me.  do  contain 
"  two  Things,  mv  Mirriage,  and  Succeflion  after 
"  me.  For  the  l-irft,  l(  I  had  let  flip  too  much 
"  Time,  or  if  my  Strength  had  been  decayed,  you 
"  might  the  better  have  fpoke  therein  ;  or  if  any 
"  think  I  never  meant  to  try  thai  Life,  they  bede- 
"ceivcd  1  but  if  I  may  hereafter  bend  my  Mind 
"thereunto,  the  rather  fur  fulfilling  your  Requeft, 
"  I  (hall  be  therewith  very  well  conient. 

**  For  the  Second  ;  The  Greatnefs  thereof  mak- 

"  eth  me  to  fay  and  pray,  that  I  may  linger  htre  In 

"  this  Vale  of  Milery,  for  yout  Comfort  i  wherein 

D  2  *'  I  have 

51      The  ^Parliamentary  Histort 

QatenMiibtth."  1  have  Wiincfs  of  my  Sturjy  and  Travail,  fut 

1561.        "  your  Surety  :  And  I  cannot,  wiili  Nunc  dimiltis, 

"  end  my  Life ;  wJihoiit  1  fee  fome  Foundation  of 

"  your  Surely  after  my  Gravc-Sione." 

Aficr  which,  hfr  Majcfty  gave  the  Royal  A£ent 
proroeucJ.  'O  ihiriy  -  One  publick  and  Idventeen  private  Aifls. 

And  then  the  Lord  Keeper  prorogued  this  Parliament 
10  the  :d  Day  of  O^slfrnexi  enfuirg. 

Nothing  material  happened  to  the  Slate  in  this 
Interval  ;  we  fhall  pafs  on  lo  the  Time  limited  by 
the  hft  Prorogation.  And,  on  the  2d  of  Oitober^ 
the  fatnc  Year,  the  Parliament  being  again  met,  the 
Li  -rd  Treafurer  informed  the  Members  of  both 
Houfes, '  That  for  fundry  CaufesandConfiderations, 
•  hut.  particularly,  by  reafon  the  Plague  [a)  was  then 
'  raging  in  the  C\\\t^oi London  zndlVeJimmJier,  and 
,"  '  the  Suburbs  of  the  fame,  her  Majefty  had  thought 

'  '  good  to  prorogue  this  Parliament,  ftill  farther,   to 

ifj  '  the    5tEi   Day  of   OSiober,  in  the   next  Year.' 

The  Writ  of  Prorogation  is  inferied,   at  length,  in 
\  the  Jo-irnah  ;  d^ed  at  the  Caftle  of  Wh'lfor,  Oc- 

i  labsr  2d,  in  the  5W1  Year  of  her  Reign.     This  pef- 

tilenii;d  "Diftemper  was  brought  into  England,  at 
that  Time,  by  the  Soldiers  that  had  ferved  in  the 
GarrifonatA'i^iai'w,  then  befieged  and  taken  by 
ihe  Fnnib.  It  fpread  to  fuch  a  Degree  in  Lo/irlari, 
that  there  were  carried  out  from  that  Ciiy  alone, 
which  then  confided  of  izi  Paiiihes,  21,530 
dead  Bodies.  Siowe  writes,  tfiat  there  was  no 
Mickaelmafi  Term  kept,  and  tiint  the  City  was  vifi- 
led  with  a  threefold 'Plague  this  Year,  Peftilence,  Scar- 
city of  Money,  and  a  g'ejt  Dearth  of  Victuals  (b). 
The  War  had  now  been,  alfo,  proclaimed  on 
both  Sides,  but  it  did  not  continue  long  ;  for  the 
next  Year  a  Peace  was  concluded  between  the  two 
contending  Powers.  But  tho'  the  Parliament  met 
again,  atihe Time  appointed,  it  wap again  prorogued 
from  thejih  of  Oiisbct;  to  the  30th  Day  oi'^pnl 
next  ■ 

{a')MaxlK;fnpsfr  }nfiai,nimAir!tpiJ>if^i,  ptrCimlatei  London 
^  «■  Wefthimfltr,  S3  Suku>bw,  adfraf^s  gy>.ffe<'tt.      Joutn.  Procer. 

(t)  Sinii'i  t'brofl.  p,  ij6.    HtUiigpind,  &c. 

O/^  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  53 

next  following  ;  without  any  Reafons  given  for  it  Queen  Elftabcth 

ia  the  Writ.     And,  from  the  laft  named  Day,  anor        1566. 

ther  Writ  ftill  prorogued  this  Parliament  to  the  4  th 

of  0£t9ber  next  enfuing.    Nor  was  it  then  lufFercd 

tofit,  but  was  once  more  prorogued  to  the  7th  Day 

^Fibruary  ;  from  which  Time  this  Parliament 

was  ftill  prorogued  to   the  30th  Day  of  September^ 

which  was  then  in  the  eighth  Year  of  this  Reign.    ^^^^  ^t^nu  8. 

Thefe  frequent  Prorogations,  which  are  fo  far         *^^^* 
from  being  in  Diiad  Diem,  that  they  are  almoft  in  ^^^^  Parliament 
Anno  ad  Annum^   are  what  we   have  not  yet  met  meet  after  many 
with  in  theCourfe  of  this  Hiftory.     It  feems  as  if  Prorogauont. 
the  Queen  and  her  Miniftry  were  too  well  pleafed 
with  the  former  Proceeding?  of  this  Parliament  to 
fufter  a  Diflblution  of  it,  tho'  they  had  no  Occalion 
for  its  Sitting  for  fo  many  Years  together.     How- 
cveri  at  the  laft  appointed  Time,*  tliey  now  met  to 
do  Bufinefs  ;  but  an  Accident  had  happened  to  the 
Houie  of  Commons,  which  greatly   difconcerted 
their  Proceeding?,      'thmas  Williams^  .Efq;    their 
Speaker,  was  dead  ;  and,  as  they  could  not  a^  with- 
out one,  they  were  at  a  Lofs  what  to  do  in  a  Qtfe  ^^*^j^,  J" 
that  was  hitherto  unprecedented.     A  long  Entry  b  on^the SS^hof 
made  in  the  Journals  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  relating  tbcif  %cakir« 
to  this  ASair ;   whereby  it  appears  that  the  Com- 
mons, after  much  Deliberation,  agreed  upon  this ; 
That  a  Committee  fhould  be  appointed  to  wait  upon 
the  Lord  Keeper  and  the  Lords  of  the  other  Houfe, 
to  know  their  Opinion  of  the  Matter.    This  Com- 
ioittee  confifted  of  Sir  Edward  Rogers^  Comptroller 
of  the  Houfliold  ;  Six  Francis  KnolleSj   Vice-Cham- 
beilain  5   Sir  IfilHam  Cecily  Chief  Secretary ;   Sir 
Jbhbrofe  Cave^  Chancellor  of  the  Duchy  of  Lantaftir ; 
four  of  the  Chief  Members  of  their  Houfe  \    and 
twenty  more  Perfons  joined  with  them   in  Com- 
miffion.     Thefe  were  to   repair   to  the  Lords, 
to  have  their  Aid  and  Affiftance,  both  for  Intimation 
of  the  Affair  to  her  Majefly,  and  to  know  her  good 
Pleafuie  in  it.     The  Lords,  after  fome  Confultati- 
on,  agreed.  That  the    Lord  Keeper,    the  Lord 
Treafurer  of  England^  the  Du^'.e  of  Norfolk  and  the 

D  3  Marqueis 

54    The 'Parliamentary  Histort. 

QuMnEliwtcth.  Marqoeis  of  A^orfidW^Wn,  ftiould  be  appointed  to 
1566-        go  along  with  the  four  Principals  of  the  other  Houfe, 
being  all  of  the  Privy  Council,  to  intimate  the  Mat- 
ter to  her  Mjjerty,  in  the  Name  of  both  AfTemblies, 
and  lo  know  her  Pkalure  therein, 

The  Refult  of  ihis  was,  that,  on  the  fecond  Day 
of  their  Meclmg,  the  firft  having  been  Ipent  in  the 
IniroJudtion  pf  fome  young  Lords,  by  the  Q^ieen's 
Writs,  aCommifTion  was  fliewed  by  the  Lorj  Keep- 
er, directed  to  himfelf,  under  ihc  broad  Seal,  and  was 
read  in  the  Houfe;  importing, That  the  Queen 
^' amended  the  faid  Keeper  to  call  before  him  all 
;;)e  Members  cf  the  Other  Houfe,  and  to  acquaint 
ihem.  th^it  her  Majefty's  Pieafure  was  that  they 
Lbiuid  iefori  to  [heir  ulual  Place  and  there  to  chuie 
a  new  Speaker,  after  their  accuftotned  Manner. 
Which  done,  three  or  four  of  that  Houfe,  in  the 
J^ame  of  tht  rert,  were  to  inform  the  Qvieen  of  their 
Ciioice,  who  then  was  to  appoint  a  Day  when  flie 
woula  have  their  new  Speaker  prefented  to  her  for 
her  Appr<ibaCion.  Dated  at  fVeJlmiti/^er,  O£fober 
ift,  in  the  eighth  Year  of  her  Reign.  But  no  more 
Notice  is  taken  of  this  Matter  in  the  Jourmih  of 
the  Houfe  of  Jjordg. 

Bat,  in  thofe  of  the  Commons  the  Matter  is  car- 
ried farther.  We  are  there  told,  that  the  Members 
of  chat  Houfe,  by  vertueof  the  Queen's  Writ,  went 
upon  the  tlection  of  a  new  Speaker.  That  Sir  Ed- 
ward Rsgfrs,  Knight,  Comptroller  of  the  Houflipld, 

Richsri  Onnow  made  a  Moiion,  that  whereas  Richard  Onfcw,  Efq; 

Eiq;  eieaed    '  her  Majcffy's  Solicitor  General,  was   a  Member  of 

Sptaktr.  that  Houfe,  and  yet  attended  ihe  Houfe  of  Lords, 

that  they  would  have  him  reflored  to  them  to  join 
in  the  Elcflion  of  a  Speaker,  On  which.  Notice 
being  fenC  to  the  Lords,  the  faid  Riihaid  Onflow-, 
Efq,  was  fent  down  lo  them  ;  who  endeavoured  to 
lhew,by his Writof Attendance,  and  other  Argu- 
ments, that  he  could  not  ferve  in  both  Capacities  ; 
be  was,  nevtrihelefs,  adjudged  to  be  a  Member  of 
that  Home.  Mr.  Comptroller  [hen  named  the  faid 
Mr.  On^DZii  as  their  Speaker ;  who,  again,  endea- 
ycuring  to  evade  itj  ur^edj  not  only  his  own  Ina- 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  js 

bililies,  but  the  Oath  be  had  taken  to  her  Mijefly ;  Queen EiJiaUth. 

and   required    them   to  proceed  to  a  hlw  Election.        '5**- 

On  this,  the  Hou/e  divided,  and  i!ie  Numbers  for 

having   him    Speaker  were  eighty-lwo,  againft  it 

fevcnty  :  So  he  was  placed   in  ihe  Chair.      The 

next  Day,  the  Queen  bwlng  come  to  the  Hoofe  of 

Lords,  and  feated  on  the  Throne,  the  Commons 

new  Speaker  was  introdured  between  Sir  Edward 

^gfrs.  Comptroller  of  the  Houfhold,  and  Sir  Fraa- 

m  KnolUs,  Vice-ChamSerlain,     Who,  having  made 

Ihe  ufual  Reveiences  at  the  fiarj  fpoke  as  follows ; 

'  TF  it  pleafe  your  Royal  Majefty,  raoft  virtuous  HiiSpeechtortie 

*  X    and  moft  excellent  Ptincefs^  at  the  humble  Qu^™  to  be  eji- 

*  Suit  of  the  Knights,  Citizeqsand  Bui^elTesofyour  JJ'^'^^^'"™  •*»' 
'  Nether  Houfe  of  Parliament,  nowafiemWed,  was 

'  fignified  trom  your  Majefty,  by  the  Mouth  of  the 
'  Lord  Keeper,  by  force  of  your  Highnefs's  Letters 
'  of  Commiflion,  yourPleafureand  Grant  of  free 
'  Eleflion  to  the  Knights  Citizens  and  BurgelTcS, 
'  to  chufe  a  fit  and  'earned  Man,  to  be  their  Speak- 

*  er,  inftead  of  Thamai  If^Ulams,  Elijj  their  late 
'  Speaker,  whom  it  h  th  pleaTed  God  to  call  to  his 
'  Mercy.  For  which  they  have  commanded  me, 
'  in  their  Names,  to  render  unto  your  Majefty  moft 
'  humble  Thanks ;  and  have  commanded  and 
'  forced  me,  to  my  great  Grief,  to  fignify  to  your 
'  Majefty,  how  accordingly  they  have  proceeded  to 

*  an  Eleftion,  and  cbofen  and  ailigned  me  (as  I  may 
'  fay^  being  moft  unworthy  to  fpeak  in  this  Place, 
'  for  this  Parliament  j  and  for  that  I  would  not  be 
'  obftinale,  1  am  forced  lo  wound  myfclf  with  their 
'  Sword,  which  Wound  yet  being  green  and  new, 
'  your  Majefty  being  the  perfeft  Phyfician,  may 
'  cure  in  difallowing  that  which  they  have  allow- 
'  ed  ;   for  that,  without  your  Confent  it  is  nothing. 

*  And  although  I  being  very  loth  to  trouble  your 
'  Highnefe,  have  made  Suit  and  ufed  all  Ways  and 
'  Means  to  avoid  it,  yet  could  I  find  no  Remedy  ; 
'  and  therefore  am  driveii  to  feek  Remedy  at  your 
'  Hands  -,  for,  though  I  have  the  Experience  of 
'  their  Uprightnefs,    Wifdon\    and     Knov/ledge, 

*  whicl^ 

j6    The  Parliamentary  History. 

QuEsn  Eiiiibcth- '  which  chofe  me  j  who,  if  they  would  have  found 

1566.         '  anyFauh  in  me,  I  wouldlightly  have  believed  them; 

'  fiiotvpithitandrng   that  we  arc  for  the  mod  Part 

,  ♦  given  to  think  too  much  of  ourfelvcs)  but  In  this 

'  Day,  that  they  feem  to  enable  me  to  this  Calling, 

i'  whereof  I  know  myfeif  unable,  I  cannot  credit 
'  them  no  more  than  the  limple  Patient,  grievoufly 
'  tormented  with  Sicknefs,  will  believe  the  Phyfici- 
•  an,  nay  the  whole  College  of  them,  if  they  fay 
L  '  he  haih  no  Grief,   Pain  or  Sicknefs.     I  therefore 

,■  •  do  not  attempt  this  releaiing  of  me  for  any  Eafe 

I  *  of  myfeif,  but  would  be  glad  to  ferve  your  Maje- 

'  fty,  to  the  uuermoft  of  my  Power,  in  the  Office 
,-    "  *  of  Sollicitorfhip,  whereunto  I  am  appointed,   and 

y  *  not  in  thia,  being  unfit  for   the  fame  ;   and  that 

'  *  for  divers  Caufes.     For,  firft,  I  confider,  I  have  to 

*  deal  with  many  welt  learned,  the  Flower  and 
'  Choice  of  the  Realm,  whole  deep  Underftanding 
'  my   Wit  cannot  attain   to  reach  unto.     No,  if 

'  '  they  for  great  Carefiilnefs  would  often  inculcate  it 

*  into  my  dull  Head,  to  lignify  the  fame  unto  your 

*  Highnels,  yet  my  Memory  is  fo  ilippcry  by  Na- 
'  ture  and  Sickneis,  that  I  fhoulJ  likely  lole  it  by 

*  the  Way  ;  yet,  if  perhaps  I  kept  Part  thereof, 
'  '  I  have  no  other  Knowledge  tohelp  myfeif  withai, 
k  '  butalitJe  in  thcLaw,  farinferiortodivers  in  this 
»                            •  Houle;  and  fo  fliould  want  Learning  and  Utter- 

I'  ance  to  declare  their  Meanings,  as  it  requireth  ; 
*  efpecially  when  I  confider  your  Royal  Majefty, 
(  '  3  Princefs  endowed  with  fo  many  Virtues,  Leatn- 

I  '  ing  andfiov.'irgEloquence,  it  will  ahafh  and  a- 

\  '  iionifli  me  ;  and  therefore  finding  ihefelnfirmi- 

'  ties,  and  other  in  me,  I  think  myfeif  moftunwor- 
^  thy  of  this  Place.  I  trull  therefore  only  in  your 
'  Highnefs,  that  you  will  diiallow  this  tleflion  ; 
'  and  the  rather,  for  that  by  the  true  Intent  of  your 

*  faid  Letters,  it  may  not  be  gathered  that  they 
•                           '  Ihould  eleil    any   of  your  Majefty's  Officers  i 

'  for  although  the  Words  be  10  have  their  free  E- 

*  leiftion, yet  the  Law  may  reltrain  them  in  fome 
^  Meafure.  As  for  Example,  we  find  in  the  Law, 
S  [ti9_t  if  it  would  pleafe  your  Majefty,  to  grant 

'  licence 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  j; 

-  Licence  to  3  Dean  and  Chapter,  to  purchafe  tOQuctnEiinbcth. 

*  them  and  their  SucceiJbrs,  a  hundred  Pound  year-        'S*''' 

*  ly  ;  which  Words  be  generally:  Yet  ifthcPur- 
'  chafed  Lands  be  holden  in  Capiti,  this  Grant  is 
'  void.  And  again,  if  you  grant  the  Fines  and  A- 
'  merciaments  of  all  your  Tenanis  to   one,   who 

*  after  chancelh  to  be  Sheriff  of  a  Shire,  yet  being  a 
'  Sheriff  he  cannot  have  them.     So  this  fme  feem- 

*  eth)  if  it  pleafe  your  Highnefs  ferveth  my  Cafe. 
'  Another  Caufe  is  for  Want  of  Subftance  to  main- 

*  tain  this  my  Countenance;  but  yet  your  Maje- 
'  fty's  Goodnefs  in  thisPointftoppeth  my  Mouth, 

*  fbr  that  1  have  none  other  Living,  but  in  Manner 
'  by  you.  So  for  all  ihefe  Confiderations,  and  di- 
<  vers  others,  as  it  fhall  pleafe  your  Majefty  to  con- 

*  fider,  I  humbly  defire  your  Highneis  to  difallow 
',  this  Eledtion,  commanding  them  to  repair  again 
^  whether,  and  lo  chufe  another  more  fit  to  feive 
'  the  fame." 

Then  the  Queen  called  the  Lord  Keeper,  declar- 
i^  her  Opinion  inanfwering  him,  who  returning 
to  his  Piace,  faid  as  followeth  : 

Mr.  Onslow, 
'  rri  H  E  Queen's  Majefty  hath  heard  and  wel!  The  lord  K«p- 
'    X       underftood  this  difabling  yourfelf  to  this"  'mm™  hit 
'  Oflice  ;  and  doih  well  perceive  your  earned  Suit^'*"*"' 
'  lobe  difcharged  of  the  fame  ;  and    for  Anfwer, 
'  hath  commanded  me  to  lay.  That  (be  doiibteth 
*•  not,  but  you  very  well  underftand,  that  when  one 
'  kchofcn  to  ferve  the  Commonwealth,  it  is  not  in 
'  him   which  is  called,  who  hath  appointed  him 
■'  thereunto.     Alfo,  there  is  an  old  Similitude,  that 
!*  like  as  it  appenaineth  to  the  Head  to  difpofe  every 
^*  inferior  Member  in  his  Place,  fo  it  pertaineth  to 
^  the  Queen's  Majefty,  being  the  Head,  to  appoint 
I*  every  one  in  the  Commonwealth.     This  being 
'*  Truth,  and  her  Majefty  withal  remcmbrin^  your 

*  Fidelity  and  long  Experience  in  Parliament  Mat- 
*iera,  and  again  bting  cliolen  by  fo  learned  and 


Qjieen  Elizabeth. 

Mr.    Oo(Iow*s 

J 8     The  Tarliavtentary  History 

not  to  be  difputed  here,  and  therefore  they  giving 
-unto  you  fuch  Faith  and  Credit,  according  to  an  an- 
tient  Cuftom,  (be  cannot  but  do  the  like ;  and  a|fo 
you  in  difabling  yourfelf  have  abled  yourfelf,  and 
therefore  (he  doih  allow  and  approve  this  their  E- 
ledion,  nothing  doubtirig  her  Opinion  in  ypur 
Ability  to  ferve  this  Turn.* 

Mr.  Ons low's  Anfwer. 

SEeing  that  it  hath  pleafed  your  Majefty  torati« 
fy  this  Eleftion,  I,  to  the  uttermoft  of  my 
Power,  {hall  ferve  your  Highneis  and  this  Com* 
monweakh  ;  but  firft  my  humble  Suit  is.  That  it 
would  pleafe  your  Majefty,  to  accept  my  Good- 
Will  ;  and,  the  better  to  difcharge  my  Duty  to- 
wards them  whicli  have  chofen  me,  that  in  great 
Matters  lent  from  them,  I  may  have  Acce&to 
your  M^yefty  at  Times  convenient,  as  the  Weight 
fhall  require.  Secondly,  If  by  Weaknefs  I  (hall 
miftake  the  Effeft  and  Meaning  of  the  Matters 
committed  to  me,  by  the  Knights,  Citizens  and 
Burgeflb,  and  thereby,  againft  my  Will,  mifreport 
them,  that  then  thereby  this  Commonwealth 
may  take  no  Detriment ;  but  that  I  may  confer 
again  with  ihem,  the  better  to  under ftand  their 
Meaning,  and  fo  with  more  Wbrds  to  utter  the 
fame  unto  you :  And,  I  fhall  pray,  as  1  am 
bound,  to  God,  for  your  long  and  profperous 
Reign  over  us.* 

Then  her  Majefty  called  the  Lord  Keeper,  and 
commanded  him  to  anfwer  himt  which  he  did  as 
foUoweth : 

ne  Lord  Keep-  * 
cr*s  Reply.         < 

Mr,  Speaker^ 

TH  E  Queen's  Majefty  hath  heard  your  hum-r 
ble  Petitions,  and  Requeft  made  unto  her, 
the  Effeft  whereof  (he  gathereth  to  ftand  in  two 
Points  :  Firft,  For  Accefs  to  her  Perfon  j  aiid| 
fecondly.  For  good  Interpretation  of  your  Mean- 
ing; and  alfo  larger  Declarations  thereof,  if  nec4 
be.    For  the  former,  her  Highn^fs  (^as  her  noblq 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         fg   , 

Progenicorahave  done)  rs  well  contented,  that  inQ^t^xVinktl^ 
convenient  Time,  and  for  convenient  Caufes,  in       '^^' 
convenient  Place,  and  without  Importunity,  (for 
that  thcfe  Parts  now  touched,  have  not  been  abre 
this  Time  fo  well  handled,  as  the  now  trufteth  it 

■  (hall  be)  which  conlidered,  as  free  Acccfs  flie 
'  granteth  you,  as  any  other  hath  had.  For  the 
'  &cond  point,    becaufe  no  Man  at  all  Tim^s  may 

■  do  lb  well,  but  fometimes  Things  may  be  uttered, 
which  may  be  mif-fpoken  ;  for  which  Caufe,  in 
that  Time  alfo  you  fliall  have  her  ititreatable  ;  but 
file  thinketh  your  Circumrpe^ion  to  be  fuch  as 
Ihc  ihall  not  therein  need.' 

fc  *  Now  a  Word  or  two  to  remember  you  here 
■  *  prelent  of  both  the  Houfes ;  firlt.  This  it  is  that  I 
^^  *  would  advife  you  in  this  prcfent  Proceeding,  to 
^B*  prefer  the  moll  weighty  Matters  iirft,  and  noc 
^P  trouble  youtfelves  with  fmall  Matter%  Uid  qf  no 
Hp  Weight  i  and  therein  alfo,  that  all  be  done  to  ua- 
B*  derftand  the  Truth,  and  to  avoid  all  fupeifluous 

■  Matters,  and   lofing  or  driving  away  of  Time. 

*  Secondly,  It  Is  profitable  that  you,  my  Lords,  and 

•  all  Others  that  be  here,  confiJer  that  long  Time 

frcquire'.h  grent  Expences,  and  therefore  wilh  you 
to  make  Expedition,  theratiicrtoavuid  ihefame. 
And  yet  not  meaning  fugh  Expedition,  that  any 
Xhing  needful  to  be  done,  ihouia  be  lightly  paiied 

•  over,  and  not  fubftantlally  done,  and  feen  unto  ; 

*  but  only  I  mean  that  you  fhould  fettle  yuurfelvL-f 

*  wfa(d^jr  to  mighty  Matters,    and  thofe  which  be 
«  aeceuary,    and  to  fpare  fuperfluous  Things,   and 

■  which  needed  not.    And  this  is  the  Sum  I  have 

•  to  &y.' 

The  PuWiflier  of  D' Ewts"*-  Journals  charges  tlie 
Cud  Rithard  OnJIow,  Efq;  wltli  omitting,  in  his  O- 
lacion  to  the  Quceu,  the  acculhsmed  Claim  for  Li- 
berty of  Speech  and  Freedom  from  Arrefts  for  the 
Cofumons  and  their  Followers.  He  feems  to  atone 
for  it,  indeed,  by  faying.  That,  perhaps,  the  Speak- 
er dicught  ihofe  Rights  of  the  Houfe  were  fo  evident 
and  u^iqucftionable,  that  Cey  needed  no  farther 
Coofttn^tion.^  But  this  tttitar  appeafi  not  to  have 
^  coolidetcd,  - 

60       The  FaHiamintttry  tti  stOr V 

^eeaClizitKth.  coiifii^cred.  That  this  was  the  fecond  Seflion  of  a 
•i*6>  parliament ;  that  Mr.  Solicitor  Onfiinu  was  eleiicii 
Speaker  upon  a  Vacancy  occaiioned  by  (he  Death 
of  ^hoiTras  H'iUiami,  Efq;  And  that,  as  the  two 
Points  of  Liberty  of  Speech  and  Freedom  from  Ar- 
rcfts  had  been,  before,  claimed  by  his  Predeceffor  in 
that  C'fficc,  and  allowed  by  the  Queen  in  the  firft 
Seflion  ;  nothing  feemcd,  now,  neceflary  for  him 
to  alk  but  fuch  Ckims  as  were  I'erfona) ;  which,  ic 
appears  from  his  Speech,  he  did  not  negk^.  And 
rtiis  Practice  feenis  to  have  been  confirmed  by  fub- 
fcquent  Ufage  in  like  Cafes. 

Nothing  material  happened,  in  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  till  the  22d  of  Uiffoi?'-,  when  a  Committee 
of  Lords  were  appointed,  by  that  Houfe,  to  wait 
upon  the  Queen,  in  the  Aficrnoon,  to  know  hef 
Majefty's  Pleafure.  There  is  no  farther  Entry 
made  of  ihU  Matter  for  that  Day ;  but,  three  Days 
after,  tlie  Lord  Treafurcr  acquainted  the  Houfe, 
That  the  Queen,  confiiiering  his  hoary  Hairs  and 
old  Age,  accompanied  with  heavy  Griefs ;  and,  un- 
derflanding  the  Lord  Keeper's  flow  Amendment, 
had  minded  to  fupply  both  their  Defe£h,  by  ap- 
pointing Sir  Robeit  Callyn,  Knight,  Lord  Chief  Juf- 
ticeof  the  Common  Pleas,  to  execute  the  Office  of 
the  faid  L^rd  Keeper,  in  Paihament.  And  her 
Majefty's  Letters  Patents,  for  the  faid  Appointment, 
were  read  accordingly.  We  prefumo  this  was  the 
Bufinefs  for  which  the  aforcfaid  Committee  waited 
oa  the  Queen.  The  Lord  Treafurer  had  adjourn- 
ed the  Houfe,  from  Day  to  Day,  fince  the  5th  of 
Oeieher,  by  the  Queen's  Command  t  becaufe,  as  it  is 
entered,  the  Lord  Keeper  was  fallen  ill  of  the 
Gout  (tj,  and  could  not  attend  his  Duty  in  the 
Houfe.  It  fcems  moft  probable,  that  this  was  the 
Reafon  ;  iho'  the  Pubtifher  of  D^E-wes's  journals 
hints,  That  it  was  on  the  two  great  Bufineffes  of  the 
Qiieen's  Marriage  and  Succeffion,  that  thisCommil- 
mittee  was  appointed  to  wait  upon  her  Majefty. 
But  no  Entry  is  made,  in  either  Jeuritals,  to  fup- 
port  this  Conjedhire,  at  that  Time, 


(l)  PcJ^srtl  Mi'L,  IJiiru'Bil.  Jgorn,  Pwcw. 

i  0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         6i 

I       0£7(;A^rthe26tIi,  aBill  was  read  the  firll  Time,  qu„n 
■  by  the  Lords,  declaring  the  Manner  of  making  and        3 
I  confecrjting  Archbifhops  and  Eirtiopsof  thislfealm, 
B  to  be  good,  l.iwfu!  and  perfect-     The  Tame  Day  it  is 
H  -eutered,  that  the  Lords,  after  deliberate  Con  fultation, 
W  and  Advice  taken,   how  to   provide  in  ihe  great 
Matter  of  Succeffion  and  Marriage,  which  had  been 
in:imated  to  them  from  the  Houie  of  Commons, 
did  come  to  ihis  Refoluiion,  10  fend  Serjeant  Carus 
and  Mr,   Attsriiiy  down    to  them  to  notify,  That 
there  would  be  a  Member  of  their   Houfe  chofcn 
and   fent  lo  tbem,    to  take  their  Opinion  in  ibis 
I  On  the   30th,  another  Committee  of  Lords  was 

appointed  for  a  Conference  with  a  felei5l  Number  of 
th;  Lower  Houfe,  touching  a  Petition  to  i>e  made 
to  the  Queen's  Majefty,  both  for  the  Succeffion 
aod  the  Marriage.     This   Committee  confifted  of  a  c 
thcfe  Lords  following  i    the  Archbifhop  of  ^«^'^. '*'^t^""'^^?|; 
ijiie  Lord  Treafurer,  the  Duke  of  Norfolk,  the  Mar-  ^^tht  c^«n  »* 
1^13  of  t^rlhamptoii  ;   the  EaiU  of  No'thumberland,  Ikjuc  hci  Mini- 
'^e/lmarilaitd,  Skrewibury,  Worcefler,  SuJJex,  Hun-  *E=- 
^tingdattf  Warwick,  Bedhrd,    Pembrah,    and  Lei- 
ufter  i  ±e  Vifcounts   Montague  and  Byndon ;    the 
"Bifhops  of  London,  Durham,   IVincheJler,    IVoraf' 
ter^  Lincoln,  Rache/ier,    Caventry  and   Litchfield  \ 
the  Lord  Admiral  and  the  Lord  Chamberlain  ;  the 
Lords  Morley,    Cobham,  Gray,  IVentworth,  Wind- 
fir^    Rich,    Sheffield,    Paget,    North,    Hajlings  of 
t-aaghbomugh,  and  the  Lord  Lhinjdon. 

The  Committee  of  the  Commons,  for  manag- 
ing this   Conference,  is  alfo  enued   in   the  Lords 
Journah,  whofe  Names  were, 
Svr  Ziv).  Rugers^  Knt.       Sir  "thomai  Wroth,  Knt. 
Sr  Francis  Knolles,  Knt.         Mailer  of  the  Rolls. 
Sir  William  Cecil,  Knt.     Sir  Nicholas Thngmortii/i. 
Sir  Ambrufi  Cave,    Knt.     Sir  Morris  Berkley. 
Sir  William  Peire,  Knt.     Sir  Peter  Carew. 
Sir  Ralph  Sadler,  Knt.       Sir  John  Chichepr. 
■Sit  Wall.  Mildmay.  Knt.     Sir  Thomas  Gargrave. 
all   of   her   Majelly's    Sk  Henry  Nevile. 
Privy  Council.  Sir  Thomas  Arnold. 


6i    The  Parliamentary  History 

(tew.  EiiHbtih.  Sir  i/aro'  ^P'y- 

Mr  Recorder  of  Lstidtii. 

Jje*.        Sir  John  Fsllard. 

Mr  Francis  Fleetwood. 

Sir  Jihn  Perrot. 

Mr  Montgomery. 

Sir  Gabriel  Carevj. 

Mr  Thomas  Fleetwood. 

Sir  Thomas  Girrard. 

Mr  Bartue. 

Sir  ff'i/liam  Chejler. 

Mr  Ambrey. 

Sir  Jehn  If'hiu. 
Sir  John  St  leger. 

Mr  Haddon. 

Mr  Edward  Uighten. 

Sir  John  CenftabU. 
Sir  Hqfiings. 

Mr  toung. 

Mr  Charles  Howard. 

Sir  ?*^«  Msore. 

Mr  Alfori. 

Sir  7fl^  Sauthwarh. 

Mr  Hnrry  KnoUes,   fen. 

Sir  7flA»  r*/n«^. 

Mr  Hafel. 

Sir  yuis  Turpint. 

Mr  Haivtrey. 

Sir  Henry  Gates. 

Mr  Join  Hajiifigs. 

Sir  iJjifr/  Wingfield. 

Mr  AJhleyol  the  Jewef- 

Sir  Henry  Cheney. 


Sir  AriLChapman,  Knts. 

Mr  Cooley. 

Mr  SecA/ar^. 

Mr  mitiam  Moore. 

Mr  Sf//. 

Mr  Hilliar. 

Mr  ^Mj«ySB. 

Mr  Knight  Marflial. 

Mr  DaJwff. 

Mr  Robert  Manners. 

Mr  Cofl;>. 

Mr  Barham. 

Mr  KingfiniU. 

Mr  Francis  Newdigatt. 

Mr  AloBneitx. 

Mr  Warnecombe. 

Mr  jt/ar^. 

Mr  Francis  Broivn. 

Mr  />rfl«. 

Mr  Da«^i. 

Mr  Northten. 

Mr  ;i^r*frj. 

Mr  Wray. 

Mr  iJflifrt  Bowles. 

Mr  fij^i^j-;. 

Mr  Wiljin. 

The  yi!ur/7fl/i  only  tel 

us,  that  on  the  5th  Day- 

of  November  the  fame  Committee  of  Lords,  and 

tliiriy  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  were  appointed 

lo  wait  upon  her  Mijefty,  by  lierown  Ipecia!  Com- 

mand.    But  no  Account 

is  given  in  thele  Records, 

of  what   wjs  done  at  the  Conference,    or  what          1 

Aniwer  her  Majefly  gave 

to  this  Committee  of  Par- 

liament.     Hillory,  however,  is  not  ib  (iient  about 

it  ;  Mr  Csmbden  informs 

US  id),  that  the  Queen  of 

Scots  was   iuft  then   delivered  of  a  Son,  and  that         1 

Queen  Elizabeth  fecretly 

envied  her  Rival  the  Ho- 


(i)  CaM">  in  K^ri,  p.  3f9 


I  0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        63 

Hliourof  being  a  Mother  before  tier.  Yet  did  flie  QaeenEiiiibetb. 
■"liiakc  no  Hafte  to  follow  her  Example ;  and  this  de-  "s66. 
r  termined  the  Englifh  Parliament  to  folicit  Elizabeth 
ftrong!)'  about  Marriage,  or  to  letiJe  the  Succeflion, 
The  Piipl/is,  on  one  hand,  were  big  wiih  Hopes 
to  have  it  fettled  in  the  Queen  of  Scsts,  and  her  If- 
fue;  whilft  the  Pmteflants,  on  the  other,  were 
much  divided  about  a  Succeflbr,  fome  for  one  Per- 
fon,  fome  for  another ;  every  one  foreboding  fad 
and  troublefome  Times,  (hould  the  Queen  dye  be- 
fore 'his  important  Point  was  eftablifhed, 

The  PerfonE  who  pretended  to  have  a  Title  to 
the  Crown,  and  had  their  feveral  Abettors,  be/ides 
I  the  Queen  of  Sif«i,  were  theCountefs  of  Lenex,  a 
■,  l)aughter  of  Margaret  oF  England,  by  Archiiald 
W  Dauglafi,  Ear]  of  J^Tj^wj,  her  fecond  Husband.  Ca- 
r  therint  Countefs  of  Hertford,  the  Daughter  and 
Coheir  of  Henry  Grey,  Marquis  of  Derfet,  and 
fratiiei  his  Wife,  the  eldeft  Daughter  and  Coheir 
of  Charles  Brandon,  Duke  of  Suff'olt,  by  Marj 
ihe  French  Qiiren,  yoiing;eft  Daughter  to  Henry  the 
Seventh.  Thefe  feveral  Claims  muft  make  the  Na- 
tion very  uneafy  at  that  Time  ;  fince,  without 
fettling  the  Succefhon,  the  fingle  Life  of  the  Queen, 
only,ftop'd  the  Door  againft  manyTroubles  which 
might  enfue  by  her  Death.  For  this  Reafon  the 
Lords  now  thought  proper  lo  join  with  the  Com-* 
mons  in  an  Addrefs  to  her  Majefty.  What  the  De- 
bates at  the  Conference  were,  does  not  appear  in 
either  Journal  ;  but  Cambden  affures  us,  that  the 
Heats  and  Clamours  were  fo  great,  in  the  Debates 
of  both  Houfes,  ahout  this  Affair,  that  they  roundly 
taxed  the  Q_iecn  with  a  Difregard  to  her  Country 
and  Pofteriiy.  The  People  were  no  lefs  warm,  on 
iheOccafion,  without  Doors  j  fome  defamed  C«<7 
the  Secietary,  with  (landerous  Libels,  calling  him 
a  pernicious  Counfellur ;  whilft  others  curied  the 
Queen's  Phyfician,  Dr  Haic,  as  having  dilLaded 
the  Queen  from  marryiny,  on  Account,  and  in 
treience  of  fome  fupetnatural  Impediment  or  De-  ^> 

fc£t  in  her. 

64    77}e 'Parliamentary  Historv 

^fett^^tetli.  In  the  Houfc  of  Lord?,  the  Peers  that  Tpoke  ihs 
''*^  moft  in  this  Debate  were,  the  Earls  of  Pembrde 
and  Leicifter  ;  the  Duke  of  Nii'foik  alfo,  but  more 
cautioufly,  joined  the  others  Opirion,  that  the 
Qi-ieen  ought  to  be  obliged  to  lake  a  Htisband  ;  or 
th^t  a  Succellbr  fhouM  be  declared  by  Aft  of  Par- 
liament, even  againit  her  Will.  But  they  were 
forced  to  make  Submi/Tion  for  this,  and  had  their 
Pardon.  However,  the  whole  Houfe  came  to  a 
Refolution,  10  draw  up  an  Addtefs  10  her  Majefty, 
lo  be  deliver'd  by  their  Speaker,  the  Lord  Keeper 
Bacon;  which  Addreis,  or  Petition,  at  large,  is 
preferved  by  Cambden,  with  the  Queen's  Anfwer 
to  It;  and  though  prolix  enough,  and  full  offtrange 
Argumems,  yet  muft  they  both  find  Places  in  thefe 

The  Petilion  ef  ihe  hardi  Spiritual  and  Temporal,  to 
her  Majefty t  upn  the  two  great  Matters  of  Mar- 
riage and  Succf£ion,  deliver'd  by  the  Lord  Keeper 
in  Parliament,  Nov.  10,  1566. 

An  Addtefs  from'  TV/T*^^'^  humbly  befcecheth  your  excellent 
the  Lordion  that  XVX  Majefty,  y Our  fill  thful,  loving  and  obedi- 
Siihjeft,  ent  Subjeifts,    all   your  Lords  both  Spiritual  and 

Temporal,  aflemblcdin  Parliament  in  your  Upper 
Houfe  ;  to  be  fo  ■much  tlieir  good  LaJy  and  Sove- 
reign, as  according  !o  your  accuftomd  Benignity, 
to  grant  a  gracious  and  favourable  Hearing  to  their 
Petitions  and  Suits,  which  with  all  Humblenefs  and 
Obedience,  they  are  come  hither  to  prefenc  to  your 
Majefty  by  my  Moulh,  in  Matters  very  nearly  and 
dearly  touching  your  moft  Royal  Perfon,  the  Im- 
perial Crown  of  this  your  Re;Um,  and  univerfal 
Weal  of  the  fame  ;  which  Suits,  for  that  they  tend 
to  the  Surety  and  Prefervation  of  thefe  three  Things, 
your  Perfon,  Crown,  and  Realm,  the  deareft 
Jewel  tliai  my  Lords  have  m  the  Earth  ;  ihcreforfc  ■ 
they  think  ihemfclvep,  for  divers  Reipetts,  grearty-"; 
bound  to  make  thefe  Petitions ;  as  firft  by  their  Duty  J 
to  God,  then  by  their  Allegiance  lo  your  Highnefss^ 
and  laftiy  by  the  Faith  rbey  ought  to  bear  to  iheir  : 
natural  Country,  And  like  as,  moft  gracious  So- 

--     0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         6^ 

Vercign,  by  thele  Bonds  they  (hould  have  been  bound  fl?"nEtm 
to  make   the  like  Petition,  upon  like  Occalion,  to       '***• 
any  Ctioce  th;it  it  flioulci  have  ple.ifed  God  to  have 
sppoirMcd  lo  reign  over  ihem  ;  (o  they  ihink  ihem- 
WpMdoubly  bound  to  ineice  the  lame  to  your  Ma- 
jefty, 'Coafidering  that  beiides  the  Bond  belbremen- 
i!Oi)'d,  they  lUiid  alio  bound  lb  to  do,  by  the  great 
and  manifold  Henehcs  ihcy  have  and  do  receive  daily 
al  your  Highoels's  Hands ;  which,  (hortly  to  fpeakj 
Ift-a*  great  as  llieFruiisof  Peace,  common  Quiet 
aod  Ju^ice  c^n  give  i  and  this  wiih  Care  and 
Charge  to  yourlelf.     And  thus  my  Lords  diverlly 
^ln(),.as    your  Majelly   hath  heard,  are  now  to 
opea  to  your  Highnels  tlieir  humble  Petitions  and 
SuiiSj  confifting  in  livo  Points  chiefly  ;  which  not 
ftindrily,  or  ihe  one  without  the  other,  but  both 
jointly  they  delkc  your  Highnefs  to  aflent  to  i   The 
former  is,  that   it  vi'ould  plcife   your  Majefty  to 
difpofe  yourfelf  to  marry,  where  it  fliall  pleale  you, 
with  vhom  it  fliall  pleafe  you,  and  as  Ibon  as  it 
ftiall  pleafe  you.    The  fecond,  that  fome  fuch  Li- 
mitation might  be  made,  how  the  Imperial  Ciown 
of  this  Realm  Ihould  remain,    if  God  call  your 
H^hnefs  without  Heir  of  your  Body,  ('which  our 
Lord  defend)  fo  as  thefc  Lords  and  Nobles,  and  o- 
ther  your  Subjects  then  living,  might  fufiicienlly 
undemaiid  to    whom  ihey  Ihould  owe  their  Alle- 
giance and  Duty,  due  to  be  done  by  Subjects  ;  and 
that  they  mi§hr,  by   your  Majefty's  Licence,  and 
Mfiib  your  Favour,  treat  and  confer  together   this 
Parliament- time,  for  the  welldoing  of  this.     The' 
former  of  thefe  two,   which  is  your  Marriage,  they 
do  in  their  Hearts  moftcarneftly  wilh  and  pray,  as  " 

3  Thing  that  muft  needs  breed  and  bring  great  and 
lingular  Comfort  to  yourfelf,  and  unfpeakabie  joy 
I     andGladnefs  to  all  true  Engll/b  Heans.     But'thtf 
(econd  f arrieth  with  it  fuch  Neceflity,  that  without! 
it  they  cannot  fee  how  the  Safety  of  your  Royal 
I     Perfom,  the  Prefervation  of  your  Iinperi^il  Crown 
I    ■.n.i  o-^ni,  fhall  be,  or  can  be  rufficiently  and  ccr- 
ks.iii^  provided  for.     Moit  gracious  and  fovereign 
I7,  the  lamentable  and  pitiful  State  and  Condi' 
(■Vot.4V.  £  titiun 


66       The  TarliamiHtary  History 

Queen Eliiabeib.  I'O")  wherehi  all  your  NoUes  and  Coimfellors  of 
1566.  late  were,  when  it  plea  fed  God  to  lay  his  heavy 
Hand  upon  yLHi,  and  the  Amazediiers  that  moil 
Mtn  of  UnderftanJing  were  by  ihe  Fruit  of  that 
Sicknefs brought  into,  is  one  Catite  of  this  their  Pe- 
tition ;  the  fecond,  the  Apinefs  and  Opportunity 
fif  the  Time,  by  reafon  of  ihis  Parliament,  where- 
by both  fuch  Advice,  Conlideraiion  and  Confent, 
asis  requifitein  To  great  and  weighty  aCaufe,  may 
be  better  heard  and  ufed,  than  at  any  other  Time, 
when  no  Parliament  is.  The  third,  tor  that  the 
aflentingand  performing  of  ihefe  Petitions,  cannot, 
as  they  think,  but  breed  great  Terror  to  our  Ene- 
mies, and  therefore  muft  of  Necefiity  king  great 
Surety  to  yourPerfon;  and  efpecially  by  Addition 
of  fuch  Laws,  as  may  be  join'd  with  this  Limitati- 
on, lor  a  certain  and  fure  obferving  it,  andpreferv- 
(ngof  your  Majefty  againft  all  Piaciices  and  Chan- 
ces, The  fourih  Caufe,  for  that  the  like  (as  it  is 
fuppoled)  hath  been  done  by  divers  of  your  noble 
Progenitors,  both  of  old  Time  and  of  late  Days  ; 
and  alfo  by  other  Princes  your  Neighbours,  of  the 
grcateflElfale  in  £ari?/<  ;  and  for  that  Experience 
hatli  taught,  that  Good  hath  come  of  it-  The 
fifth,  for  that  it  appeareih  by  Hiftoiies,  how  that  in 
Times  paft,  Perfons  inheritable  to  Crowns  being 
Votaries  and  Religious,  to  avoid  fuch  Dangers  as 
might  have  bappen'd  for  Want  of  SucceHion  to 
Kingdoms,  have  left  their  Vows  and  Monafteries, 
and  taken  themfelvea  to  Marriage  j  as  dtijiiintia  a 
Nun,  Heir  to  the  Kingdom  or' 5i«/)',  married  after 
fifty  Years  of  Age,  to  i/eni^  VI.  Emperor  of  that 
Name,  and  had  Iflue  Fredirkh  II.  And  lifcewife  Pe- 
tiro^  Arragim,  being  a  Monk,  married,  tile  better 
to  eftablifband  pacify  that  Kingdom.  A^ain,  An- 
tcninui  Pius  is  as  much  commended,  for  that  not 
two  Days  btfore  his  Death,  lie  (ud  to  his  Council, 
iirts  anitno  morior,  guBniom  fillum  raUi  rdinquo. 
Pyrrk)iS  is  of  all  godly  Men  detefted,  for  laying  he 
would  leave  his  Realm  to  him  that  had  the  fharpeft 
Sword.  What  but  Want  of  a  Succeflbr  known, 
made  an  End  of  fo  great  an  Empire  as  Altxandtr 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       (,j 

l!ie  Great  did  leave  at  his  Death  ?  Thefixth  CaufeQueo 
is,  for  ihat  my  Lords  do  judge,  the  performing  of 
iliiswill  breed  fuch   an  univerfal  Gladnels  in  the 
Hfans  of  all   your  true  and    loving  Sulijeds,   that 
likely  and  probably  you  fliall  find  them  in  ali  Com- 
mandments ready  and  glad  to  adventure  thQir  Goods, 
Linds  and  Lives  in  your   Service,    according  to 
ibtir  bounden  Duties  ;    which  of  Necefliiy  mull 
^Icd  great  Surety  to  your  Majefty.     The  fevenih 
Caufe,  becaufe  the  not  doing  of  this,  fif  God  fliould 
Call  your  Highnefs  witiioul  Heir  of  your  B,xiy, 
which  God  grant  never  be  fcen,  if  it  be  his  Will) 
and  yci   your  Majefty   tight  well  knoweth,    that 
frinces  and  their  bftspring,  be  they  never  fo  great, 
never  fo  ftrong,  never  fo  like  to  live,  be  yet  mor- 
nl,  and  fubjeit  every  Day,   yea  zsax'j   Hour,  to 
God's  Call  ;  my  Lords  think,  this  happening,  and 
no  Limitation  made,  cannot,  by  their  Judgments, 
tut  be  the  Occafion  of  very  evident  and  greatDan- 
ger  and  Peril  to  all  Eilates  and  Sorts  of  Men  of 
this  Realm,  by  theFadtions,  Seditions,  and  intel- 
tine  War,  that   will  grow,  for  Want  of  Under- 
ftanding  to  whom  they  (hould  yield  Allegiance  and 
Duty  ;  whereby  much  innocent  Blood  is  moft  like 
to  be  fhed,  and  many  of  thofe  to  lofe  their  Lives, 
thai  now  would  jiladlybeftow  them  for  your  Sake, 
in   your  Majefty's  Service,     The  eighth,  for  that 
the  not   performing  of  this,  the  other  happening, 
doth  leave  the  Realm  without  Government,  which 
\i  the  greitelt  Danger  that  can  happen  to  any  King- 
dom i  for  every  Prince  is  Anima  Legis,  and  fo  re- 
puted   in  Law,    and  iherelore  upon  the  Death  of 
Princes  the  Law  dies;    all  the  Offices  of  Jullice, 
whereby  the  Laws  are  to  be  executed,  do  ceafe ; 
ill  Writs  and  Commandments  to  call  Parties  to  the 
Exfcmion  of  Juftice^  do  hang  in  Sulpenfe ;    all 
[  Commiffions  for  the  Peace,  and  for  the  PuniflimenC 
of  Offenders,  do  determine  and  lofe  their  Force  ; 
I  irtttrdjy  it  followeth  confequcntly,  that  Strength 
muft  rule,  and  neither  Law  nor  Reafon,- 
uch  a  Vacation  and   inter  Reign  ;  wherein 
Inccriainty  of  SuccelTion  is  like  to  laft  fo 
E  a  long^ 

68     The  Tayliameittary  H  i  s  T  o  Pv  t 

QpeenEliiabeth. '""Si  ^^  ■' "  to  be  feared  (if  God's  Mercy  be  not 
ijSB.  the  areatfr)  that  thereby  we  may  bccooie  a  Prey  to 
Strangers,  (which  our  Lord  defend)  or  at  leaft  !ofe 
the  great  Honour  and  Eftimation  that  long  time 
hath  periained  to  us.  And  like  as,  moft  gracious 
Sovereign,  u)y  Lords  have  been  moved  for  the 
worldly  Rei"pe£t  aforefaid,  to  make  their  humble 
Petitions  lo  your  Majefty  ;  fo  by  ihe  Examples, 
Counl'el*,  yea  and  Commandmentsi  thai  they  have 
heard  out  of  the  facred  Scriplures,  and  for  Con fd- 
ence-fake  they  feci  themfelvcsconllraiii'd,  and  en- 
forced lo  do  the  like,  God,  your  Highnefsknow- 
eih,  bv  the  Courfe  of  the  Scriptures,  luth  dechred 
Si:cceflion  and  having  of  Children  to  be  one  of  the 
[irincipa!  Benedidlions  in  this  Life  ;  and  on  the  con- 
trary, he  h.iih  pronounced  contrarywife  -.  And 
therefore  jfiir (I A«ra  pray'd  to  God  for  Jflue,  fearing 
that  Eliazar,  his  Steward,  Ihould  have  been  his 
Heir;  and  had  Promife  thai  Kings  (hould  proceed 
ot  his  Body.  Hdnnah,  the  Mother  of  Sjotk//,  pray- 
ed loGodwiih  Tears  for  Ifl'ue:  And  Eiizaheth, 
(whofe  Name  your  Majefty  beareth)  Mother  to 
'Jii'i  the  Baptjft,  was  joyful  when  God  had  blelTed  her 
wiih  Fruit,  accounting  herfelf  thereby  to  be  delivered 
from  Reproach.  And  as  this  is  a  Blefling  in  pri- 
vate Houfes,  fo  is  it  much  more  in  Kingdoms,  as 
it  plainly  appeareth  in  the  two  Kingdoms  of  ^rusl 
and  Judab.  Unto  the  Kingdom  of  Judah,  con- 
taining but  two  Tribes,  or  thereabouLS,  God  gave- 
lineal  Succeffion  by  Defcent  of  Kings ;  and  there- 
fore, they  continued  along  Time.  The  Kingdom 
of  //f.-Jf/,  containing  ten  Tribes,  or  ihereahouis,  of- 
ten deftitule  of  lawful  Heirs,  the  one  half  of  the 
People  following  the  one,  and  ihc  other  half  follow- 
ing the  other,  hy  Wars  and  Seditions  weaVen'd.  came 
fonn  to  Ruin,  as  plainly  appeareth  by  the  ihitd  and 
fourth  Pock  of  Kings.  And  again,  in  the  Time  of 
the  Judges,  becaufe  there  was  no  ordinary  Succeffion, 
the  People  were  ofientimes  overcome,  and  carried 
into  Captivity.  Beiides,  it  is  plain,  by  the  Scrip- 
lures,  that  godly  Goveriiours  and  Princes  (as  Fathers 
of  their  Countties)  liavc  always  been  careful  to  avoid  - 

Cy-  E  N  G  L  A.  N  D.      6^ 

the  great  Evil  that  might  enfue,  [Iiroggh  Want   «f  QujsoEn.^b 
Limitation  of  SuccefTion;  therefore  Mojes  did  en-        1566, 
]o\ajojhua  to  be  his  Succeflbr,  and  Dov/Wiiis  Son 
S^mon  ;  wherebya  Sedition  was  appealed,  begotten 
br  Adonijah:  Of  tliia   there  be   many  Exnmp'es. 
f  artber,  feeing  it  may  be  eafily  gathered  by  Experi- 
ence of  all  Ages  paft,  that  Civil  Wars,  EfFjfion  of 
Qiriftian  Blood,   and  confequenily  Ruiiii  u{  Kiug- 
domsdo  follow,    where  Realms  t>e  left  without  a 
(^Cainty  of  Succeffion  ;  and    your  M.>jefty  is  alfo 
inform'd  of  the  fame,  and  fued  unto  for  Redrels  : 
If  therefore  now  no  lufficient  Remedy  fhould  be  by 
Jour  Highnef?  provided,  that  then  it  (liould  be   a 
daDgerous  Burden,  before  God,    to  your  Majefty, 
md  you  were  to  yield  a  ftridl  Account  to  GuJ  for 
tile  ^me  ;  confiderin^  vou   are  placed,  ?.s  the  Pro- 
'     phct  'Ezekiil  faith,  in  alt'jftmti  Specula  of  ihls  Com- 
monwealth, and  fee  the  Sword  coming,  and  provide 
no  Remedy  for  the  Defence  of  it.     Lallly,  Tlie 
Spirit  of  God   pronounceth,  by  the  Mouih  of  St. 
Paul,  10   Jimolhy^   That  whsfiitver  maketh  no  due 
Previfionfsr  his  FamHy,  ii  in  very  great  Danger  ta 
Goi-ward ;  and  alfo  by   the  Mouth  of  St.  Jabn, 
That  whafiever feeth  but  one  Brother  in  Neieffiiy,  and 
dithjhut  up  the  Biweh  of  Pily  and  Cempaffivn  frem 
him,  hath  not  the  Love  of  God  remaining  in  him  : 
Whereby   it  is  plain  and  manifeft,  how  fearful  a 
Thing  it  were,  if  this  whole  Realm,  containing  fo 
many  Families,  were  not,  in  a  perilous  Cafe,  upon 
iheir  Suit  provided  for ;  or  if  the  Bowels  of  Mercy 
I      ihould  be  (hut  up  from  fo  many  Thoufaiids,  which 
I      every  Way  were  like  to  fall  into  mod  extream  Mi- 
I      ferics,  if  God   Ihould  call   your  Highnefs  without 
I      Certainty  ofSuccefRon  ;  which   we  pray   to  God 
\     may  never  happen.     Moft  excellent  Princefs,  the 
\    Places  of  Scripture  containing  the  faid  Threalnings, 
I    be  fet  forth  with  more  Iharp  Words  than  be  here 
I    cxprelTed.     Thus,   moft    gracious  Sovereign,  your 
^LZrfPlds  and  Nobles,  both  Spiritual  and  Temporal, 
^Wiaw-^  as  briefly  as  they  can,  firft  ihewed  to  your  Ma- 
^^       ,  how  diverliy  they  take  themfeives  bound,  to 
.i  thefc  their  humble  Petitions  unto  you ;  and 
E  3  '       then, 

70      The  'Parliamentary  Histort 

bcth. 'hen  what  their  Petitions  be  ;  and  after  that  what 
Reafons  for  worldly  Refpefls,  and  what  by  the 
Scriptures,  and  for  Coiifcience-Sake,  have  mov'd 
them  thus  to  do  ;  which  here  upon  iheir  Knees,  ac- 
cording to  their  hounden  Duly,  they  moft  humbly 
and  earneftly  pray  yourMajefty  to  have  Confidera- 
tion  of  in  Time  ;  and  to  give  them  fuch  favourable 
and  comfortable  Anfwer  to  the  fame,  that  fome 
good  EfFefl  and  Conclufion  may  grow  before  the 
End  of  iheSefllon  of  this  Parliament,  the  uitermoft 
D^iy  of  iheir greateft  Hope,  whereby  ihis  Common- 
wealih,  which  your  Highnefs  found  to  be  Latcritia, 
as  Augiijhi  did  his,  and  by  your  great  Providence  is 
now  come  to  be  Marmorea,  fhall  not  for  Want  of 
performing  this,  if  God  fhall  call  your  Highnefs, 
without  Heir  of  your  Body,  be  in  mere  dangerous 
Eftate  nnd  Condition,  than  ever  .it  was  that  any 
Man  can  remember.  True  it  is,  that  this  Suit  is 
made  by  my  Lords,  not  without  great  Hope  of  good 
Succels,  by  reafonof  the  Expeiience  that  they  have 
had  of  your  bountiful  Goodnefs  Ihcwed  to  them, 
and  the  reft  of  your  loving  Subjedls,  divers  and  fun- 
dry  Ways,  fince  the  Beginning  of  your  Reign ; 
which  they  pray  God  long  to  continue,  to  his 
Honour,  with  all  Felicity.' 

Her  Majefty's  Anfwer. 

there  can  be  na  duerDeht  than  a  Prince's  IFord, 
keep  that  unfpetted^  for  my  Part,  as  sue  that 
would  be  lath  that  the  felf-fame  Thing  that  keepelb 
Merchants  Credit /rem  Craze,  Jhould  be  the  Cauje 
that  a  Prince's  Speech Jhauld  merit  Blame,  and  fa  their 
Honour  fuail ;  therefore  I  will  an  Anjwer  give,  and 
ths  it  is :  the  two  Petitions  that  piiprejented  me 
[which  mjifi  deubtlefs  relate  to  the  twefeveral  'Paris 
tf  one  and  the  Jame  Petition,  Vu,,  the  Marriage  and 
the  Sncctjfitn,  and  might  not  improptrly  be  fo  called 
the'  ceucfo'd  in  one  Body,  and  as  the  TVords  alfifolinv- 
ing  do  in  Manner  explain  it)  exprefi'i  many  IVords, 
which  contained  in  Sam  theje  two  Things,  as  ofymr 
Citres  the  greate/l,  my  Marriage  and  my  SucceJJion. 

Qliice  1 


0/whJch  iwB  I  think  the  laji  beH  to  be  tsuch'd,  a'i^fl/"Qj«nElirabeib. 
'Ut  ether  a filent  Thought  may  ferve.  Fir,  1  thought  1566. 
'ibadbeiH  fodefir'd,  as nmi ether  Treii Bb£it" /hould 
Liflw  been  minded,  or  ever  any  Hope  of  any  F-  uii  had 
'tin  den'ed  ynu^  And  yet  by  the  Way,  if  any  here 
tubtj  that  lam,  by  Vs'W  or  Determination,  bent  ne- 
tr  to  trade  in  that  'Kind  of  Life,  put  out  that  Kind 
fHerefie;  for  your  Btlief  is  therein  awry.  For 
hf  I  can  think  it  befl  for  a  private  Woman,  yet  J  do 
mve  with  myfilf  not  to  think  it  meet  for  a  Prince  ; 
{  if  I  can  bend  my  Liking  to  your  Need,  I  will  not 
ll!  Jiich  a  Mind. 
rBut,  to  thelali,  think  not  that  you  had  needed  this 
P^rey  if  I  had  feen  a  Time  fo  fit,  and  it  fi  ripe  to  be 
Atieunted.  The  Greatnefs  of  the  Cavfe.  thexefore,  and 
Need  of  your  Returns,  doth  make  me  fay  that  vjbich  I  • 

think  the  Wife  may  eafily  guefs,  that  as  afl)ort  Time, 
ftrf*  long  Continuance,  ought  not  to  pafs  by  roat,  as 
many  telltbetr  Tales  \  even  fo,  as  Caufe  by  Conference 
Wilb  the  Learned   psalljhew  me  Matter  worth  the 
VUerance  for  your  Behoof,  fo  jhall  Imore  gladly  pur- 
Jtteyour  Good,  after  my  Days,  than  ivith  all  my  Pray- 
ers, ivhil^  Hive,  be  Means  to  linger  my  living  Thread, 
And  thus,  much  more  than  I  thought,  will  I  add  for  your 
^i£emfort :  /  have  good  Record  in  this  Place,  that  0- 
^Uitr  Means  than  you  mention,   have  been  thought  ofy 
^Kmrchance  for  your  Good,  as  much  as  for  my  Surety,  no 
WiS^i'a  which,  ifprefently  and  conveniently  could  have 
Hen  executed,  it   had  not  been  now  dejerr'd  or  over- 
flipped.     But  I  hope  I  Jhall  die  in  ^iet  with  Nunc 
Dimittts ;    which    cannot    be,  without  I  fee  fome 
Giimpje  of  your  following  Surety,   after  my  graved 

The  Houfe  of  Lords  having  received  this  Anfwer 
to  their  Addrefs,  were,  feemingly,  fatisfied  j  but  the 
Commons  were  much  hotter  in  the  Affair ;  ^n'^'^'s^t!^""  4'" 
Cambden  writes,  Dutton,  Wentwortb  and  other  Mem-  ^'„^'  g'„t 
beis  of  that  Houfe,  fuch  as  S^// and  Monfin,   great  Debit«. 
Lawyers,  grated  hard  on  the  Queen's  Royfl  Prero- 
>ative.     They  maintained,  amongft  other  Points, 
"  ""'      "'     !  ate  bound  to  appoint  a  Succeflbr ; 
'  that 

7  2    The  Tarliamentaiy  H  i  stor  t 

:nttiiibith.'  that  the  Aifedion  of  the  Subjeft  is  ihe  mod  ira- 
1566.         '  pregnable  Bulwark  and  Support  of  the  Prince; 

*  but  that  Princes  can  gam  this  Affcfllcn  no  oiher- 

*  wife,  ibm  by  providing  for  the  Welfare  of  their 

*  Suhjedts,  both  whillt  after  ihey   live  and  after 

*  their  Death.     And  which  can  by  no  Means  be 

*  done,  but  where  'tis  certainly  known  who  fhall 

*  fucceed  to  the  Throne.  the  Queen,  by 
'  not  appoiniing  a  SuccelFor,  did  at  once  provoke 
'  the  Wrath  of  God  and  alienate  the  Hearts  of  her 
'  People.     Whereas,  would  (he  pofl'els  the  AfFec- 

*  tions  of  her  Subjeds,  ard  the  F'avour  of  God, 
'  and  live  for  ever  in  the  Remembrance  of  her  Peo- 

*  pie,  ihe  muft  of  Couife  nominate  a  SuLceflbr. 

*  If  not,  flie  would  be  rather  a  Step-Mother  of  her 
'  Country,  orfomething  wotl'e,  than  the  Nurfing- 

*  Mother  thereof;  as,  being,  feeminyly,  delirous 
'  that  fiffn/flW,  which  lived  as  it  were  in  her,  fliould 

*  r.aher  expire  with  than  furvive  or  out-laft  her, 

*  That  none  but  timorous  Princes,  or  fuch  as  were 
'  hated  by  their  People,  or  faint-hearted  Women, 

*  did  ever  ftand  in  Fear  of  their  Succeflors;  nor 

*  can  that  Prince,   with  any  Eeafon,   apprehend 

*  Dangers  from  a  Succeflbr,  who  is  fortified  and 
'  iecured  by  the  Love  and  Duty  of  his  Subjeds.' 

The  Qi.]een  being  made  acquainted  with  the  Bold- 
•-  Qfif'D  r,efs  of  ihele  Speeches,  it  gave  her  no  little  Concern, 
'/■("'  for  the  prefeni,  tho'  fhe  feemed  10  overlook  it. 
She  knew  very  well  the  Hazard  of  naming  and  ap- 
pointing a  SuccelViir,  by  her  own  Experience  ;  the 
Secrets  of  her  late  Sifler'sBed-Chamfacr,  having 
been  brought  im mediately  to  her,  by  thofe  who  had 
a  Mind  to  worfhip  the  riJ:ng  Sun.  However,  the 
Points  above- mentioned  being  (till  infilted  011, 
with  much  Heat  and  great  Infolence;  and  the  Mem- 
bers f<i  aidariojs  as  to  back  their  Pertnefs  with  In- 
vedivesand  Abufes,  the  Queen  was  icfolved  to  put 
a  Stop  to  ihefe  Proceedings.  Accordingly,  herMa- 
je(ty  commanded  thirty  Members  of  the  Lower 
Houfe,  as  is  men[ioned  in  the  Joumahy  along  with 
the  Commiiite  of  Lords,  to  m^ke  iheir  Appearance 
^efoje  her.  On  their  coflilnj  to  her,  (he  etidea- 
*  vouve4 

0/"  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         73 

vouied  firft  to  fmcMth  and  qualify  their  Minds  by  Quee„Ei;,^,i,. 

many  obliging  ExprefTioiis;    but,  afterwards  gave        1566. 

ihem   a  fmart  Reproof,    in  which,  however,  flie 

mixed  fome  Sweetnefs  with  Majefty.     Slie  promifed 

tbcra  to  manage  Things  not  only  with  the  Care  of 

a  Prince,    bat  the  Tenderners  of  a  Parent  ;   by 

which  Means  fhe  diverted  them  from  their  Refolu- 

lion.     And,    becaufc  the   Parliament  had  offered 

greater   Sublidies    than   ufual,     on  Condition  {he 

would  declare  a  Sutceflbr,  Ihe  utterly  refuCed  that 

extraordinary  Supply,  and  accepted  of  a  much  fmal- 

lerSum.     Abating  the  Receipt  of  the  fourth  Pan 

of  ihe  Money   fo  granted  ;  and  telling  them,  after 

commending  their  Regard  for  her,  that  Money  in  her 

Subjeils  Purfe,  was  as  good  as  in  her  own  Exchequer. 

This  is  the  Subftance  of  what  the  Hiftorian  writes 
of  this  Matter;  as,  indeed,  it  is  alfoof  what  we  ,,    . 

find  in  the  'Journals  of  the  Commons,   about  it  : 
Except  that  two  Inhibitions  were  fent  to  that  Houfe, 
by  the  Queen,  exprefly  forbidding  them  to  proceed  ^"tL^p^ilfjj^ 
"  that  Affair  any  farther.    This  occafioned  a  Mo-infsonihiiSub. 
in   to  be  made,    by  Paul  lyentworth,    Efq;    tai=fl« 
low  whether  the  Queen's  Commands  and  Inhibi- 
tion were  not  againft  the  Liberties  and  Privileges  of 
the  Houfe  ?  On  which  nice  Queftion,  the  Debates^ 
aforementioned,    were  grounded.      Many   Argu- 
menis  enfued  upon  this;  and  the  Deb.ue  lafted  from  ■*  *    r-> 

Nine  in  the  Morning,  November  mh,  tillTwoin 
the  Afternoon.  Next  Day  the  Speaker  was  again 
fent  for  to  Court;   who  reported   to  the   Houfe, 

*  That  he  had  received  a  fpecial  Command  from 

*  the  Queen,  that  there  fhould  be  no  farther  Talk 
'  of  that  Matter ;  and  if  any  Perfon  thought  hm- 
'  fdf  not  fatiified,  and  had  further  Reafons,  let  him 

*  come  and  ihew  them  before  the  Privy  Council.' 
But  we  find   that  fome  Time  aftes,  November 

25th,  the  Speaker,  comir^again  from  her  Majelty, 
declared  10  the  Houfe,  '  That  for  the  Good-Will 
'  (he  bore  to  them,  fhe  did  revoke  her  two  former 
'  Commandments ;  but  defired  tne  HoLsfe  to  pro- 
'  ceed  no  further  in  the  Matter  at  Time." 
Which  Revocation,  Jays  the  Jcunial,    was  uken 


74       y^"?  Parliamentary  History 

QuMnElizabeth.f'y  ^^  Hourc  uioft  joyfull/i  wiih  moft  hearty 
1566.  Prayer  and  Thanks  for  the  fame. — In  this  Difpoli- 
tion,  however,  the  Queen  continued  all  her  Life  ; 
flie  would  never  fuffer  an  k&.  of  Parliament  to  be 
made  to  feltle  the  Succeflion  ;  as  very  well  know- 
ing that,  after  her,  it  would  fettle  itfelf,  anvi  the 
Crown  devolve,  as  file  afterwards  exprefl'ed  on  her 
Death-Bed,  to  her  Coufin  the  King  of  Sw/r. 

The  Supply  was  moved  in  the  Huufe  of  Com- 
mons, Oilder  i/ih,  by  Mr  Comptroller  Rogers^ 
and  feconded  by  Secretary  Cecil;  who  declared, 
'    That  it  was  to  defray  the  Queen's  Chaises  at 

*  Newhaven,  theN.wy,  and  the  Munitions  againft 
'  JohnONiylt,  m  Ireland: 

This  Bill  was  feni  up  to  the  Lords,  on  the  17th 
Day  of  December,  r.ead  a  fitft  Time  in  the  After- 
noon of  the  fmie  Day,  and  palled  that  Houle  on  the 
A  SubBiy,  i8th.  The  Grant  was  one  Fijteaith,  one  Tenth, 
and  a  Sah/idy  ;  a  Subfidy  from  the  Clergy  had  been 
confirmed  by  Parliament  fome  Days  before  (i). 
Part  nf  this  Tax,  as  our  learned  Author  writes,  the 
Queen  remitted  j  as  not  caring  to  lie  under  too  high 
an  Obligation  to  her  Parliament,  confidering  fte 
was  refolved  not  to  oblige  them,  either  in  taking  a 
Husband  herfelf,  or  declaring  a  Succeflbr  to  the 

Mr.  Cambdsn  takes  Notice  but  of  one  Afl  that 

i^J^Kh^vt  P^"'''^  '^'^"  Seffion,  tho'  the  Lift  in  the  Lord's  Jour- 

lidi ™AiieEng- "''/i  mention  the  Titles  of  thirty-four.     Indeed, 

lift  Ordination,  there  ate  few  or  none  Of  them  hiftorical  enough  to 

be  taken  Notice  of,  in  this  Place,  except  an    Aft, 

declaring  '  the  Eleftion,  Confecration,  Confirma- 

'  tion  and  Inftallment  of  the  Archbifliops  and  Ei- 

*  fliops  of  England,  to  be  good  and  lawfiil ;  and 
'  that  the  faid  Bilhops  were  eleGed  and  confecratcd 
'  duly,  and  according  to  the  Laws  of  the  Land." 
But  this  Atl  did  not  pafs  the  Houl'e  of  Lords  una- 
nimouily  ;  for  on  the  third  Reading  of  the  Bill,  Na- 
vemier  6ih^ -we  find  that  the  Earls  of  A^or^iami^r- 
/dW,  mjimorland,  WoTcefler  and  Sujjix  ;  the  Vif- 
count    Montague ;    ihe  Barons   Msrlry,   Dudley^ 

((■}  This  was  V-  '"  'he  Pound,  to  be  paid  in  ihtee  Yeirs. 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        75 

.Datriy  MmtiagUi  Cromweli  and  Mardaunt,  pro-  Qu«nTHnbcdi. 
teftcd  againil  it.  We  may  fuppofe  [hat  this  fmall  is«. 
Number  of  Peers  was  all  the  Strength  the  Papijh 
Party  had  then  in  the  Houfe  i  anj  that  the  Biftiops 
were  allfteady  and  unanitnous  in  fup porting  their 
own  Creations.  But  tho'  the  Ramanijis  were  weak 
■  amongft  the  Reprefenialives  of  the  Nation,  yet  in 
the  Body  of  it  their  Power  was  very  ftrong.  In 
order  to  lubvert  the  Prstejlant  Religion,  they  ftruck 
at  the  very  Fundamentals  of  that  Priefthood,  by  af- 
fcrting,  boldly,  That  the  Ordination  of  their  Bifhops 
was  falfs  and  counterfeit  J  not  being  able  toprovea 
regular  Succeflion  from  the  Apoftolic  Times.  This 
Difpute  has  lafted  even  down  to  our  own  Time  : 
But  a  famous  Frtnih  Priell(^J,fome  few  Years  ago, 
cleared  up  thatPoint,  in  Behalf  of  the  Englijh  Cler- 
gy ;  and  has  fet  the  infamous  Siory  of  the  Nag's- 
Head  Confecration,  entirely  aiide.  In  Queen  Eli- 
zabeth'^ Time,  however,  theDifpuIe  was  ended  by 
,Bti  A<5t  of  Parliament,  which  not  only  declared,  as 
.above,  butbyii  was  enaftcd,  '  That  both  the  pre- 
"•  fent  Bilhops,  and  all  fuch  as  fliould  be  hereafter 

•  coofecrated,  were  to  be  deemed  truly  and  lawfully 

•  fuch,  any  former  Law,   or  Canon,  to  the  con- 

•  trary,  notwiihftanding(/).' 

Amongft  the  A£ts  palled  this  Seflion,  not  menti- 
oned in  the  printed  Statutes,  the  follewing  are  moll 
remarkable ; 

'  An  Aift  for  taking  the  Benefit  of  the  Clergy 

•  from  certain  felonious  Offenders.*  other  Aas, 
'  An  Att  for  the  Corporation  of  Merchant-Ad- 

'  venturers,  for  the  difcoveting  of  new  Trade.' 
'  An  Act  for  the  Conlirmation  of  Letters  Patents 

•  granted  to  the  Merchant-Adventurers  of  the  City 

•  of  BriJhL' 

'  An  Afl:  confirming  the  Queen's  Letters  Patents 
'  concerning   the   Making  of  Alum  and  Coperas, 

•  within  her  Realms  and  Dominions.' 
*  An  Ad  for  the  making  Salt  in  the  fame,  i^c' 


(k)  pjther  It  Ceurajir,  Canon  of  St.  Gaaoiivc  at  P«™. 
(/)    Sututa  at  krp.  An.  Elk.  Rtg.  %.  C.  1, 

y6     7he  T^arVuimentary  HisToRT 

(feetnEliiibtth.  I"  this  Seflion  a  Bill  was  brought  into  the  Houfe 
ijfifi.  of  Lords,  and  read  twice,  '  That  no  Man  kil- 
■  ling  any  Perfon  at,  what  is  called  in  the  Jnurnah, 
'  xJ5  Pricks,  or  lorrger  Mark,  fliall  forfeit  his  Goods 
*  or  ChatelsfmJ.'  Which  Bill,  becanfe  it  touched 
the  Queen's  Prerogative,  it  was  thought  convenient 
to  proceed  in  it  no  fatther,  till  her  Majefly's  Plcaiu:e 
was  known  therein.     But  we  hear  no  more  of  it. 

Laftly,  an  Afl  for  a  free  and  general  Pardon,  as 
was  in  every  Parliament  of  this  Rtign,  was  pafled. 

The  Bills  being  all  ready,  after  a  fhort  Ad- 
journment, from  the  jorh  of  December,  to  the 
2d  of  January  ;  on  that  Day,  the  Queen 
came,  by  Water,  from  iVhilehaU,  as  was  her 
uliial  Cul^om,  and  landed  en  the  Back -Side 
of  the  Parl]:imenc  -  Chamber.  '  After  which, 
being  apparel'd  in  her  Parliament-  Robes,  with 
a  Caul  on  her  Head,  (he  came  forth,  and  proceed- 
ed up  and  took  her  Seat ;  the  Marquefs  oi  Nortb- 
(impisn,  carrying  the  Cap  of  Maintenence,  flood 
on  her  Right  Hand,  and  ihs  l^.A'cioi  IVeJlmoriajid 
the  Sword  at  her  Left  Hand,  with  the  Heralds  and 
Serjeants  at  Arms  before  her ;  the  Queen's  Mantle 
horn  upon  either  Side  from  her  Arihs,  by  the  Earl 
of  Lekefter,  and  the  Lord  Hun/don,  who  always 
ilood  ftill  by  her  for  the  aflifting  thereof,  when  fhe 
flood  up ;  her  Train  born  by  the  Lady  Strange,  af- 
filed by  the  Lord  Chamberlain,  and  Vice-Cham- 
berlain. Atthe  Left  Hand  of  the  Qiieen,  and  South 
Side,  kneeled  the  Ladies;  and  behind  the  Queen, 
at  the  Rail,  (lo(.id  the  Lord  Keeper  on  the  Rigjit 
Hand,  the  Lord  Treafurer  on  the  Left  Hand,  with 
divers  young  Lords  and  Peers  eldeft  Sons, 

'  Then  all  being  placed,  Mr.  Onfltna  the  Speaker 
was  brought  in,  between  Sir  Frauds  Knollfs  Vice- 
Chamberlain,  and  Sir  Ambrofe  Cave  Chancellor  of 
the  Dutchy  ;  and  alter  Reverence  done,  proceeded 
down  to  the  Wall,  and  from  thence  came  up  to  the. 
Rail,  in  the  Way  making  three  Reverences ;  and 
Handing  there,  made  other  three  likf  Reverences, 
and  then  began  his  Or.ition,  as  followeih  : 

(»]  We  fupforc  tliiswjs  nwoling  mth  Bowanl  ArrJ  w. 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      77 

Majl  ixciUeni  and  virium  Prinafi,  &c.  QiKenEiiubt 

'     VV       Knighis,  Citizens  and  Burgeflesof  thisontioo   to  . 
'  your  Nether  Houfe,  to  hetheir  Mouth,  or  Speak- Qh"".  ."  "" 
'  et,  and  thereunto  appointed  and  allowed  by  Your  J^'t'^p.'iu^rocn' 
'  Majefty,  to  fopply  the  fame  Room,    to  ihebe- 
'  wraying  of  my  Wants;  efpecJally,  that  thereby  I 
'  (hall  be  forced  utterly  to  dilcover  the  Bnrrennefs  of 
I      *  my  Learning  before  this  noble  Aflembly,  which 
not  a  iitllc  grreveth  me,  and  would  gladly  be  ex- 
cufed,  confidering  the  tiue  Saying,   How  there  is 
no  Difference  between  a  wife  Man  and  a  Foot,  If 
they  may  keep  Silence  ;    which  I  require.     But, 
again,  confidering  your  Majefty's  Clemency,  tak- 
ing in  good  Part  the  Goodwill  of  the    Paity   for 
^-  Want  of  Ability,  which  putteth  me  in  Reraetn- 
'"•  branee  and  good  Hope,   perfuading  me   that  you 

*  will  not  take  yo'jr  faid  Clemency  from  me,  con- 

*  trary  to  your  Nature. 

'  Again,  when  I  confidermy  OfSce  as  Speaker, 

*  it  is  no  great  Matter,  being  but  a  Mouth,  lo  utter 

*  Things  appointed  meio  fpeak  unto  you,  andnot 

*  otherwife;  which  confifteth  only  in  fpeaking,  and 

*  not  in  any  other  Knowledge;  whereby  I  gather 
'  how  it  is  neceflary,  I  fpeak  limply  and  plainly,  ac- 

*  cording  to  the  Truth   and  Trull  repoled  in  me. 

*  And  thus,  confidering  whofe  Mouth  I  am,  which 
'  chofe  me  to  fpeak  for  them,  being  the  Knights, 
'  Citizensand  Burgefles,  who  were  not  alio  by  the 
'   Commons    chofen  for  their  Eloquence,  but  for 

*  their  Wjfdom  and  Difcretion  ;  by  this  Meanj, 
'  being  fit  Men  to  whom  the  Commons  have  com- 
'  milted  the  Care  and  Charge  of  themfelves.  Wives 

*  and  Children,  Lands  and  Goods ;  and  (o  in  their 

*  Behalf  <o  forefee,.  and  take  Older  for  all  Things 

*  neceflary.     Thus  they  being  chofen  by  the  plain 

*  Commons,  it  is  necelfary  they  e!ed  a  phin  Speak- 

*  cr,  fit  for  the  plain   Matter,  and   therefore  well 

*  provided  at  ftrft  to  have  Tjch  a  one  as  fhould  ufe 

*  plain  Words,  and  not  either  fo  fine  that  ihcy  can- 

^8       The  ^Parliamentary  History 

,_'  not  be  underftood.  or  elfe  lo  eloquent,  lint  now 

'  and  ihen  they  mifs  the  Cufliion. 

'  But  now,  upon   Occafion  of  beholding  your 

'  Grace   and  this  noble    All'embly,  I  confirierthe 

'  manifold  and  great  Benefits,  which  God  fuddenly 

*  haih  fent  unto  this  Country  ;  for,  although  God 

*  hath  granted  the  Benefit  of  Creation  and  Confer- 
'  vaiion,  with  many  other  Commodities,  to  other 

*  Nations  of  the  World,  yet  this  our  Native  Coun- 

*  try  he  hath  blefled,  not  only  with  the  like,    but 

*  alio  with  much  more  Fruitfulncfs  than  any  other ; 

*  of  which  great  and  ineftimSbk  Benefic  of  God'a 

*  Preferment,  which  appeareth  better  by  the  Want 

*  that  others  have  of  the  fame,   I  am  occafioned 

*  now  to  Ipeak,  the  rather  to  move  and  ftir  up  our 

*  Hearts,  to  give  moft  hearty  Thanks   to  God  for 

*  the  fame. 

*  Now  lo  fpeak  of  Government  by  Succeflion, 
'  Eleifllon,  Religion  or  Policy  j  fjtft,  If  the  Body 
'  (hould  want  a  Head,  it  were  a  great  Monftcr; 

*  fo  it  is  likewifc  if  it  have  many  Heads,  as  if  upon 

*  every  feveral  Member  were  a  Head.     And  to 

*  fpeak  of  one  Head  5  although  in  the  Hody  be  fcve- 
'  ral  Members,  which  be  made  of  Flefh,  Bones,  Si- 
'  news  and  joints,  yet  the  one  Head  thereof  govern- 

*  eth  wifely   the  fame;  whi^h  if  it  fliould  want, 

*  we  fhouid  be  worfe  thin  wild  Beafts,  without  a 
'  Shepherd,  and  fo  worthily  be  called  a  monftrous 

*  Beaft. 

'  Ag^in,  If  the  Body  fhouid  be  governed  by 
'  many  Heads,  then  the  fame  would  foon  come  to 

*  Deftrudtion,  byreafnnofthe  Controverfy  amongft 
'  them,  who  would  never  agree,  but  be  deftroyed 

*  without  any   Foreign  Invaiion  j  thertfore  God 

*  feeih  itis   needful   that  the  People  have  a  King, 

*  and  therefore  a  King  is  granted  them;  and  lo 
'  therefore  the  befl  Government  is  to  be  ruled  by 

*  one  Kinj?,  and  not  many,  who  may  maintain  and 
'  cherifh  the  Good  and  Godly,  and  punilh  the  Un- 
'  godly  and  Offenders. 

'  As  for   Government  by  Eleflion,    in  that  is 

'  grein  Variatice,  particularly.  Strifes  and  Part-tafc- 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       79 

'  ings-     As  for  Examples,  amongll  the    reft,  takcQ^ 
'  out  one,  which  is  called  the  Moll   Holy,  as  that 

*  of  the  Pope  J  and  weigh  hovi'  holily  and  quietly 
'  it  is  done,  called  indeed  holv  and  tjuiet,  but  utler- 
'  ly  unholy  and  unquiet,  with  great  Part-takings 
'  and  Strifes. 

'  Now  touching  Religion.  To  fee  the  Divine 
'  Providence  of  God,  how  that  many  Nations  fac 
'  governed  by  one  Prince;  which  weie  impoffible, 
'  but  th;it  God  ordereth  it  fo,  by  whom  ihe  Or- 
'  der  of  Regimen  is  appointed,  and  that  in  his 
'  Scriptures  ;  wherefore  the  Sabjefls  ought  to  obey 
'  the  fame,  yea  although  they  were  evil,  and  much 
'  more  thofe  that  be  good.  So  God  hath  here  ap- 
'  pointed  us  not  a  Heathen,  or  unbelieving  Prince, 
•'  as  he    might,  but  a  faithful,  and  one  of  his  own 

*  Children,  to  govern  us  his  Children:  In  which 
f  Government  the  Prince  ferveth  God  two  Ways ; 

*  as  a  Man,  and  as  a  King.     In  that  he  is  a  Man, 

*  he  ought  to  live  and  ferve  God,  as  one  of  his 
^  good  Creatures  j  and  that  he  is  a  King,   and  fo 

*  God's  fpccial  Creature,  he  ought  to  make  Laws 
'  whereby  God  may  be  truly  worlhipped,  and  that 
'  his  Subjects  might  do  no  Injury  one  to  another, 
-'  and  efpecially  to  make  Quietnefs  amongft  the 

*  Minifters  of  the  Church  ;  lo  extinguifh  and  put 
'  away  all  hurtful  and  unprofitable  Ceremonies,  in 

*  any  Cafe  contrary  to  God's  Word  :  In  which 
'  Point,  we  have,  in  your  Majefty's  Behalf,  great 

*  Thanks  to  give  unto  God,  in  fetting  forth  unto  us 
'  the  Liberty  of  God's  Word,  whereof  before  we 
'  were  bereaved,  and  that  you  have  reformed  the 

*  State  of  the  corrupt  Church,  now  drawing  Souls 
■  out  of  dangerous   Errors,  which   afore   by  that 

*  Corruption  they  were  led  and  brought  unto. 

'  And  concerning  Policy,  God  hath  committed 

*  to  your  Highnels  two  Swords  i  the  one  of  which 
'  may  be  cJled  the  Sword  of  War,  to  punilli  out- 

*  ward  Enemies  withal  ;  and  the  other  the  Sword 
'  of  Juftice,  to  correft  offending  Subjects.      In 

*  which  Point  of  Policy,  YourMajefty  is  not  behind 

*  your  Progenitors  i  for  akhoughj  at  your  Entrance, 

*  you 

8o    The  TarVtamcntary  Histort 

uiEiiubeih. '  you  found  ihis  Realm  in  War,  and  ungarnilhed 

H66.         t  ^jjh  Munition,  and  that  with  iuch  Store  as  never 

'  was  before;   yer  you  have  diilodged  our  antient 

'  Enemies  wliich   were  planted   and    placed  even 

*  upon  the  Walls  of  this  Realm.     And  concerning 

*  Policy  in  Laws,  as  Bones,  Sinews  and  Joints  be 
'  the  Force  of  a  natural  Body,  fo  are  good  Laws 
'  the  Strength  of  a  Commonwealth  :  And  your 
'  Laws  be  confifting  of  two  Points,  the  Common 
'  Laws,  and  the  Statutes. 

'  And  for  the  Common  Law,  it  is  fo  grounded  on 
'  God's  Laws  andNature's,  thai  three  feveral  Nati- 

*  ons  governing  here  have  all  allowed  the  fame ; 
'  which  is  notinferiori  but  rather  fuperior,  and  more 

*  indifferent  than  any  other  Law.  For,  by  our 
■  '  Common  Law,  although  there  be  for  the  Prince 

*  provided  many  PrinceJy  Prerogatives  and  Royal- 

*  ties  ;  yet  it  is  not  fuch,  as  the  Piince  can  take 
'  Money,  or  other  Things,  or  do  as  he  will,  at  his 
'  own  Pleafure,   without  Order :    But  quietly  to 

*  fufFer  his  Subjedb  to  enjoy  their  own,  without 
'  wrongful  Oppreflion,  wherein  other  Princes  by 
'  their  Liberty  do  take  as  pleafeth  them. 

'  Ariflotle  faiih.  That  the  Life  of  the  Prince  is 
'  the  Maintenance  of  thcLaws,  and  that  ii  is  belter 
'  to  be  governed  by  a  good  Prince,  than  by  good 
'  Laws  i  and  fo  your  Majefty,  as  a  good  Prince, 
'  is  not  given  to  Tyranny,  contrary  to  your  Laws ; 
'  but  have  and  do  pardon  divers   of  your  Subjefls 

*  offending  againlt  the  Laws.  Ab  now  for  Ex- 
'  ample  of  your  fpecUl  Grace,  you  have  granted  a 
'  general  Pardon,  either  without  our  Seeking,  or 
'  Looking  for ;  whereby  it  is  the  better  welcom. 
'  Again,  Your  Majelty  hath  not  attempted  to  make 
'  Laws  contrary  to  Order,  but  orderly  have  called 

*  this  Parliament,  who  peiceived  certain  Wants, 
'  and  thereunto  have  put  their  helping  Hand.     And 

*  for  Help  of  evil  Manners,  good  Laws  are  brought 

*  forth  ;  of  the  which  we  befeech  your  Excellent 

*  Majefty,   fo   many  as  you  (hall  aliow,  to  infpire 

*  With  the  Breath  of  your  Majefty's  Power  i  wherc- 

H  ' 


0/  ENGLAND.  Si 

whereby  ihey  may  be  quickened,  which  now  wanlQiiej„Eu„^thi 
'  Life,  and  fo  be  made  Laws.  >iSfl. 

'  Furthermore  concerning  Payments  to  be  made 
'  to  ihe  Prince,  it  is  as  to  deliver  the  fame  to  God's 
'  MiniD:ers,  who  aie  .-ippointed  always  for  our  Do- 
'  fence;  wherefore  your  humble  Subjefls  do  offer 
'  aSublidy,  to  be  put  into  your  Majefty's  Treafure  ; 
'  which,  although  it  be  but  as  a  Miie.or  a  FarLhing, 
'  yet  is  the  good  Will  of  them  to  be  reputed  as  the 
'  poor  Widow's  was  in  the  Gofpet ;  wherein  I  muft 
'  not  omit  to  do  that  which  never  Speaker  did  be- 
'  fore  viz,  to  defirc  your  Majefty  not  to  regard  this 

*  Gmple  Offer  of  ours,  but  therein  to  accept  our 
'  good  Will,  wherein  yourHighnefs  hath  prevented 
'  me  in  taking  in  the  bell  Part  our  good  Will  ;  and 
'  required  us  to  retain  in  our  Hands  Part  of  our 
'  Gift,  and  accounting  it  to  be  in  our  Purfes  as  in 
'  your  own;  andfo  isour  Duty,  belides  the  Policy 

*  thereof,  it  being  for  our  own  Defence  :  And  alfo 
'  Honefty,  for  that  we  have  received  many  Bene- 
'  fits  by  your  I\lajefty ;  for  he  that  dolh  a  good 
'  Turn,  deferveth  the  Praife,  and  not  he  which  af- 
'  terwards  goeth  about  to  reward,  or  doth  reward 
'  the  fame.  Alfo  giving  molt  hearty  Thanks  to 
'  God,  for  that  your  Highnefs  hath  iignified  your 
'  Pleafure  of  your  Inclination  to  Marriage  ;  whicli 
'  afore  you  were  not  given  unto,  which  is  done  for 
'  our  Safeguard ;  that  when  God  fhall  call  you,  you 
'  fliill  leave  of  your  own  Body  to  fucceed  you, 
'  which  was  the  grcateft  Promife  that  God  made 
'  to  David,  and  the  greateft  Requeft  that  Abraham 
'  defired  of  God,  when  God  promlled  him  exceed- 

*  ing  great  Reward  :  Who  faid.  Lard,  vjhat  wilt 
'  tiaigive  me,  when  I  go  childhfs,  and  he  that  is  the 
'  Steward  sftttine  Hiufe,  is  mine  Heir  ?  Therefore 
'  God  grant  us,  that,  as  your  Majefty  ha:th  defen- 

dedihe  Faith  of  Abraham,  you  may  have  the  hke 
Dcfire  of  IlTue  with  you.  And  for  that  Purpofe, 
that  you  would  (hortly  embrace  the  holy  State  of 
'  Matrimony,  to  have  one,  when  and  with  whom 
'  God  Ihall  appoint,  and  bell  like  your  Majefty  ;  and 
MbthellTue  of  your  own  Body,  by  your  Example, 
F  '  lute 

S  a    The  Tarlianientary  History 

rabcth. '  tu'"^  ^^^^   °"'  Pofterity  ;  and  that  we   may  ob- 

i.        '  tain  this,  let  us  give  our  moft  humble  Thanks  to 

'  God  for  his  manifold  Beiiefilsbeftowed  upon  ut, 

'  And  piay  forthe  Reign  of  your  Majefty's  Ifl'ue, 

'  after  your  long-defiied  Governmeni.* 

Then  the  Lord  Keeper  (after  the  Queen  had  cal- 
led him,  and  told  him  herMindJ  anfwered  to  Mr. 
Speaker,  and  faid, 

Mr.  Speaker, 
iKetp-     rin  HE  Queen  hath  heard  and  urderftood  your 
*"•  _J.       wife  and  eloquent  Oration,  v;hereby  prin- 

cipally I  gather  four  Things  ;  Firft,  difabling 
yourlelf.  Secondly,  concerning  Governance, 
I  The  Third,  touching  the  SuMiJy.  And.laftly, 
in  giving  Thanks  ;  which  alfo  was  intermingled 
Very  wjfely  in  all  Parts  of  your  Oration. 
'  And  for  the  firft.  In  difabling  yourfelf,  you  have 

*  therein  contrartly  bewrayed  your  own  Ablenefs. 

'  For  the  Second,  concerning     Governance,  as 

*  well  by  SucceQion  as  Eledlion,  of  Religion  and 
'  Policy,  in  which  Difcourfe  you  have  dealt  well, 
'  I  therefore  leave  it,  and  mean  to  fpeak  only  a  few 
'  Words,  as  to  your  laft  Word,  Policy. 

'  Pohtick  Orders  be  Rules  of  all  good  Aits,  and 
'  touching  thofe  that  you  have  made  to  the  Over- 

*  throwing  of  good  Laws,  they  deferve  Reproof  as 
'  well  as  the  others  deferve  Praife  ;  in   which  like 

*  Cafe  you  err,  in  bringing  her  Majefty's  Preroga- 
'  tive  in  Qiieftion,  and    for  that   Thing,   wherein 

*  file  meant  not  to  hurt  any  of  your  Liberties.    And 

*  again,  tlie  Grant  of  her  Letters  Patents  in  Quefti- 

*  on  is  notaliitle  Marvel,  for  that  therein  you  find 

*  fault;  which  is  now  no  new -devifed  Thing,  but 
'  fuch  asafore  this  Time  hath  been  ufed  and  put  in 
'  Pradtice;  howbeit,  her  Majefty's  Nature  is  mild 

*  and  full  of  Clemency  ;  fo  that  flie  is  loth  herein 
'  tobeaufterej  and  therefore,  though  at  this  Time 
'  (he  fuSer  you  all  lo   depart  quieily  unto  your 

*  Countries  for  your  Ameadmeni>  vet  as  ic  is  need- 

I  0/   E  N  G  L  A,  N  D.         83 

I   *  ful,    fo  (he  hopeth  ihat  the  Offenders  will  here-  qu(, 

I    '  after  life  themfdvcs  well. 

f  '  Again,  touching  the  good  Laws,  which  you 
'  have  taken  great  Pains  in  making  ;  if  they  be  not 
'  executed,  they  be  not  only  as  Rods  without 
'  Hands  to  execute  [hem,  or  as  Torches  without 
'  Light,  but  alfo  breed  great  Contempt :  There- 
'  fore  look  well  to  the  Execution  ;  for,  if  it  be  not 

*  done,  the  Fault  is  in  fomc  of  us,  which  flieput- 
'  leth'  orderly  in  Trull  to  fee  it  done. 

'  For  the  third  Point,  concerning  the  Prefent- 
'  ment  of  the  Subfidy,  her  Majefty  biddeth  me  fay, 
'  That  when  the  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal 
'  granted  it  unto  her,  fo  flie  irufteth  you  will  be  as 
'  careful  in  gathering  of  it ;  which  I,  and  others  be 
'  Witnefs,  how  very  unwilling  and  loth  flie  was  to 
I     '  take,  but  to  avoid  further  Inconvenience. 

*  And  laftiy,  concerning  Knowledge  of  Benefits, 
'  and  giving  of  Thanks,  which  you  have  well  de- 
'  clared  be  many,  yet  one  in  Comparifon  above  all, 
'  yea,  a  Fruit  aboi'e  all  other,  and  whereby  you 

*  may  enjoy  all  the  other,  which  is  her   Marriage ; 

*  whereof  Ihc  hath  put  you  in  good  Hope. 

*  Further,  I  have  to  put  you  in  Remecnbrancc  of 
'  three  Things ;  the  firil  is,  that  where  now  you 
'  acknowledge  Benefits,  and  as  you  have  Caufe  to 

^vc  Thanks  ;  fo  lecondly,  that  you  be  not  un- 
'  mindful  hereafter  to  do  the  like;  and  thirdly,  that 
in  all  your  Doings  hereafter,  you  (how  your- 
felvcs,  that  all  thefe  Benefits  be  had  in  Remem- 
'  brance,  and  not  forgotten  ;  for  that  it  (hould  be 
'  aThingagainft  Reafon  in  humjn  Creatures;  c- 
'  fpccially  therefore  now  it  behovethyouall,  asyou 
'  have  acknowledged  Benefits,  and  for  them  given 
'  Thanks  in  the  firft  Point,  fo  that  you  fee  the  o- 
'  ihcr  twoobfcrved.  And  then  her  Majefty  will 
'  not  fail  likewife  thankfully  to  accept  the  fame.' 

Then  the  Queen  (landing  up,  faid  ('after  (he  had 
«  r  Royal  AlTent  unto  nineteen  publick  Ads, 

=^  ;een  private) 

F  a  Mjr 

§4       TbeTafliamentary  Histort 

ih.     My  Lords,  and  others  the  Commons  of  this  Af- 


JLthougb  the  Lord  Keeper  hath,  according  ta  Or- 

■"     der,  very  well  anfiuered  in  my  Name^  yet  us  a 

Periphrafti  I  have  a  few  IP^ords  further,  tsfpeak  un-    ^ 

to  ym  :  Nstvjithjianding  I  have  not  been  ufed,  nor  hve 

'  to  do  ity  in  fuch  open  Afjembliei  j  yet  now,  not  ti  the  , 
End  to  amend  hii  Tali,  but  remembring  that  common-  -_ 
ly  Princes  own  IVordi  be  better  printed  in  the  Hearers 
Atemory^  than  thafefpoken  by  their  Command  ;  /  mean  ' 
to  fay  thus  much  unto  you.  I  have  in  this  Afjembly 
found  fo  much  Difftmulation,  where  I  always  prof efjei 
Plaimiefs,  that  I  marvel  thereat  \yea  two  Faces  under 
em  Ho!d,  and  the  Body  rotten,  being  covered  with  twi 
Vizors,  Succeffton  and  Uierty,  which  they  determined 
miijl  be  either  pre/enlly  granted,  denied  or  deferred. 
Jngi  anting  whereof,  they  had  their  Defires,  and  de- 
nying or  deferring  thereof  (thofe  Things  being  fo  platd- 
abh\  as  indeed  to  all  Men  tirey  are)  they  thought  to 
■work  me  that  Mifchief,  which  never  Foreign  Enemy 
t'juld  bring  topafs,  which  it  the  Hatred  of  my  Commons. 
But,  alns  !  they  began  to  pierce  the  VeJJel  before  the 
fkine  was  fined,  and  began  a  Thing  uotfore/eeing  the 
End,  how  by  this  Means  I  havefeen  my  tPelkvillerf 
from  mine  Enemies,  and  can,  as  me  fiemtlh,  -very 
well  divide  the  Hmje  into  four. 

FirJI,  the  Breaehers  and  ff^oriers  therecf,  who  art 
in  th^g'eatefl  Fault.  Secondly,  the  Speakers,  who,  by 
eloquent  Tales,  perfuaded  others,  are  in  the  next  De- 
gree. Thirdly,  the  Agners,  who  being  fo  Csght  of  Cre- 
dit, thai  the  Eloquence  of  the  Talcs  Jo  overcame  them, 
that  tkey  gave  more  Credit  thereunto,  than  unto  their 
own  tVits.  And  lafly,  thofe  that  fat  flill  imUe,  and 
meddled  not  therewith,  but  rather  wondered,  dijallatv- 
ing  the  Matter ;  who,  in  my  Opinion,  are  mo/l  to  be 

But,  do  you  think,  that  either  I  am  unmindful  of 
your  Surety  by  Succcjfion,  wherein  is  all  my  Care,  cen- 
Jideritig  1  know  myjeif to  be  mortal  ?  No,  /warrant 
you.  Or  that  Iwetit  about  to  break  your  Liberties  ? 
No,  it  wasnezeririmy  Adeaning,but  to  flay  you  before 
you  fell  into  the  Ditch,  For  all  Things  have  their- 
'    .  Timer 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      85 

^im.  Jndaihouibf  perhaps,  you  may  have,  <?/*^'' Queen  EiiMbetli* 
m^  ene  better  teamed,  or  wifer  ;  yet  lajjure  you,  1566* 
wu  more  careful  over  you :  And  therefore,  hence* 
forth,  whether  lUve  to  fee  the  like  Affemhfy  or  no,  or 
kweuer  it  be,  yet  beware,  however,  you  prove  your 
frmces  Patience,  as  you  have  now  done  mine.  And^ 
muioeoncludi,  all  this  notwithftanding  {not  meaning 
U  make  atont  ^Chriflmas)  the  mojl  Part  of  you  may 
sfitre  your/elves^  that  you  depart  in  your  Princes  Grace. 

kis  Spccdi  being  ended,  the  Lord  Keeper,  by  Jke  P^riiaiwat 
jhr  Majeftv's  Command,  diffolved  this  Parliament.  ^^'''•*- 
r'\  We  (hall  not  defcant  on  the  Manner  this  Mag- 
MumoQs  Qjieen  treated  her  Parliaments  ;  more  In- 
4Maices  of  which  will  appear  in  the  Sequel.  But, 
£1^  have  now  a  fpace  of  Five  Years  before  We  meet 
.irhh  another  ;  during  which  Time,  the  unfortunate 
iQoeeD  oi  Scots  had  b^en  driven  out  of  her  Kingdom, 
■  )f  her  Rebellious  Subjeds,  and  forced  to  feek  Pro- 
^Jetton     from  her    near    Kinfwoman  and  Sifter 

_^ Elizabeth.  In  this  Interval,  alfo,  a  dangerous  a  ReWlioii  Ui 

.fidncaion,  orRAellion,  had  happened  in  the  North  ^^  ^**^ 
^'fi England;  headed  by  the  Earls  of  Northumber- 
M  and  Weflnoreland.  It  grew  to  fome  Height 
n  a  very  fmall  Time ;  but  was  foon  iuppreiled  by 
^^  Earl  of  Suffexj'who  the  Queen  fent  againft  them. 
The  two  Earls  and  the  Chief  of  their  Followers 
l:iPtre&ftconvided  of  High  Treafon,  and  outlawed, 
^W  ^rwards  attainted  by  Parliament.  Northum- 
ierhsik  loft  his  Head  on  a  Scaffold  at  York,  Weflmor^ 
ioA  dudd  a  banifbed  M^n  abroad  ;  and  many  Exe- 
y-Cttti(»)8  were  a£ted  on  the  reft,  in  different  Parts  of 

^dlcKhlgdom.  a   ParHtment 

li  Tbofe  Infurrcdlions  happened  in  the  Years  i569caUed,  aft«r  •« 
^  «id  1570  ;  and  the  next  Year,  a  Parliament  was  5^J][^j^^®^eft* 
1^  called  to  meet  at  Wejlminfler,  on  the  zd  Day  of  A-  miniiery  Anno 
L  |!n/,  in  the  thirteenth  of  this  Reign.  Re«w  i3>  »57*- 

~  The  initial  Ceremonies  and  Speeches  of  this  Parli- 
:  fim^nt  are  wholly  omitted  in  both  the  Joumnh ; 
Ivimt  Sir  Sfmonds  D'Ewes  bath  fupplied  them  from  a 
*  lAanuicript- Journal,  then  in  his  Poffeflion,  and  taken 
^  Iqr  jibme  Member  of  rbe  Houfe  of  Commons  in  that 
^^  JF  3  Par- 


86      The  Parliamentary  Histort 

4j2«enEK»bcth.  Parliament.  Weare  perfuaded  the  Reader  will  cxcufe 
xsi^*  the  Formality,  if  we  give  it,  at  length,  in  his  owt 
Words.  The  Proccffion  to  the  Houfe  of  Lordr  fc 
fomewhat  extraordinary,  and  carries  more  Pofli^ 
and  Ceremony  with  it  than  thofe  of  the  pfefieA 

•  On  Monday  the  2d  Day  of  -^nV,  the  Paitth 
ment  beginning,  (according  to  the  Writs  of  Sunl^ 
monsfent  foith;  her  Majeft/,  about  eleven  ofdf 
Clock,  came  towards  IVeJiminfter^  in  the  anci 

•  accuftomed  moft  honourable  raflage,  having 
riding  before  her  the  Gentlemen  fworn  to  attend 
Perfon,  the  Batchelors  Knights,  after  them  dK 
Knights  of  the  Bathj  ^hen  the  Barons  of  the  ExdW 
quer,  and  Judges  of  either  Bench,  with  the  MUtW 
of  the  Rolls,  her  Majefty's  Attorney- GencraU  |^ 
SoUicitor- General ;  after  whom  followed  in  ^ 
i!er,  the  Bifhops,  and  after  them  the  Earls,  then 
Archbifhop  of  Cantirbury. 

*  The  Hat  of  Maintenance  was"  carried  by  ^ 
Marquefs  of  Northampton^  and  the  Sword  hjiiitt 
E2iTl  of  St/J/ex.  The  Place  of  the  Lord  Steward,  fcr 
that  Day,  was  fupplied  by  the  Lord  Clinton^ 
Admiral  of  England  j  the  Lord  Great  ChamI 
was  the  Earl  of  Oxford.  And  the  Earl  M 
by  Deputation  from  the  Duke  of  Norfolk^  was 
Earl  of  Worcefter.  -j 

^  Her  Majefty  fat  in  her  Coach,  in  her  ImpeHffl 
Robes,  and  a  Wreath  or  Coronet  of  Gold,  fet  wM? 
rich  Pearls  and  Stones,  over  her  Head  ;  her 
drawn  by    two  Palfries,    covered    with  O 
Velvet,  drawn  out,  imbofled  and  imbroidered 
richly.    Next  after  her  Charcot  followed  the  Earl 
Leuejler^  in  refpeS  of  his  Office  of  the  Mailer  of 
Horfe,  leading  her  Majefty 's  Spare  Horfe.      i 
then  forty-feven  Ladies  and  Women  of  Honour 
the  Guard  in  ibeir  rich  Coats  going  on  every  Side 
them ;  the  Trumpeters  before  the  firft,  founcfing 
^nd  the  Heralds  riding,  and^kecping  their  Rooms 
Places  orderly.     In  We/tminjier  Church  the  Bift 
pf  Lincoln  preached  before  her  Majefty,  whofe  S 
ippn  t)eip^  done^  her  Majefty  came  from  the  ChurdU 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  S; 

IheLordiall  on  Foot,  in  Orderasafore  ;  and  over'i!i«"Ei;i»bet 
JiEf  Head  a  rich  Canopy  was  carried  all  the  Way,        *5''* 
Sijeheing  entered  into  ihe  Upper  Houle  of  Parlia- 
ment, and  lliere  fat  in  princely  and  ieemly  Sort,  ur- 
derahigh  and  rich  Cloth  of  Eftate  ;  her  Robe  was 
fupported  by  the  Earl  of  Oxford,  the  Earl  of  Sa^* 
beelingi  holding  the  Sword  on  the  left  Hand,  and 
ibeEarl  of //an(/n£i^cn  holding  the  Hat  of  Eftate, 
and  the  Lords  all  in  their   Places  on  each  Side  of  ihc 
Chamber  i  that  is  to  fay.  The  Lords  Spiritual  on  the 
Right  Hand,  and  the  Lords  Temporal  on  the  Left. 
The  Judges  and  her  learned  Council,  being  at  the 
Woolfacks  in  the  Midft  of  the  Chamber,  and  at  her 
Jlighnefs's  Feet,  at  each  Side  of  her  kneeling  one  of 
kite  Grooms,  or  Gentlemen  of  the  Chamber,  their 
^aces  towards  her ;  the  Knights,  Citizens  and  Bur- 
aefles  all  Handing  below  the  Bar,  her  Majcfty  then 
HOOd  up    in  her  Regal   Seat,  and  with  a  pi  incely 
Grace  and  lingular  good  Countenance,  after  a  long 
Say,  fpake  a  few  words  to  this  EfFcfl  : 

My  right  loving  Lords,  anJ  you  our  right  faith- 

"  '   and  obedient  Subjefls, 
'E  in  the  Name  of  God,  for  his  Service,  and  far 
thtSafity  oftkU  Slate,   are  mw  here  a/em  sp^^HTSn. 
Uedy  to  his  Glory,  I  hope,  and  pray  that  it  may  be  to-ia^    tht  p»riii, 
jmr  Ctmfsrt,  and  Ihe  csmmsn  ^let  of  our,  yours,  a/id"^'"' 
aSmrs for  ever. 

*  And  then  locking  on  the  Right  Side  of  her, 
towards  Sir  Nicholas  Bacon,  Knight,  Lord  Keeper 
of  the  Great  Seat  of  England,  (landing  a  little  befide 
the  Cloth  of  Eftate,  and  fomewhat  back  and  lower 
from  the  fame,  {he  willed  him  to  (hew  the  Caufeof 
the  Parliament,  who  thereupon  fpake  as  followetli: 

*  'T*  H  E  Qiieen's  Moft  Excellent  Majefty,  our  The   Lnr* 
'    X       moft  dread  and  gracious  Sovereign',  hath  *^"i*'''- 

'  commanded  me  to  declare  unto  you,  the  Caufes 
'  ofyour  calling  and  affemblingat  this  Time,  which 

*  I  mean  to  do  as  briefly  as  I  can,  !ed  thereunto  as 
'  one  veryioth  tobetedioustoherMajcliy,andalfo 



S8    The  T^arliamentary  History 

becaufe  to  wife  Men,  and  we!I-difpofed(as  I  judge 
you  be)  a  few  Words  do  fuliice.  The  Caufes  he 
chiefly  [WO,  the  one  to  ellaWifh  or  diflblve  Laws, 
aR  beft  Ihall  fcrve  for  the  Governance  of  the 
Realm.  The  other,  fo  to  conlider  of  the  Crown 
and  State,  as  it  may  be  beft  preferved  in  Time  of~^ 
Peace,  and  bell  defended  in  the  Time  of  War^ 
gccording  to  the  Honour  due  unto  it.  And  be — 
caufe  in  all  Councils  and  Conferences,  firft  and 
chiefly  theie  ftiould  be  fought  the  Advancement  oE" 
God's  Honour  and  Glory,  as  the  fure  and  infal- 
lible Foundation,  whereupon  the  Policy  of  every 
good  publick  Wea!  is  to  bierefled  and  built ;  and 
as  the  ftreight  Line,  whereby  it  is  principally  to  be 
dircfted  and  governed,  and  as  the  chief  Pillar  and 
Buttrefs,  wherewith  it  is  continually  to  be  fuftain- 
ed  and  maintained;  therefore,  for  the  well-per- 
forming of  the  former  touching  Laws,  you  are  to 
conlider,  firft,  Whether  the  Kcclefiaftical  Laws 
concerning  the  Difcipline  of  the  Church,  be  fuf- 
licientorno?  and  if  any  Want  (hall  be  fouijd, 
to  fupply  the  fame  ;  and  thereof  the  greateft  Care 
ought  to  depend  upon  my  Lords  the  Bi (hops,  to 
whom  the  Execution  thereof  efpecially  pertains, 
and  to  whom  the  Imperfections  of  the  fame  be 
beft  known. 

'  And  as  to  the  Temporal  Laws,  you  are  to  ex- 
amine, whether  any  of  them,  already  made,  be 
too  iharp  or  too  fore,  or  over  burthenous  to  the 
Subjedt ;  or  whether  any  of  thein  be  too  loofe  or 
too  foft,  and  fo  over  perlUous  lo  the  State,  For 
like  as  the  former  may  put  in  Danger  many  an 
Innocent,  without  Caufe,  particularly  ;  fo  the  fe- 
cond  may  put  in  Peril  both  the  Nocent  and  In- 
nocent, and  the  whole  State  univerfally.  You 
arealfo  to  examine  the  Want  and  Superfluity  of 
Laws ;  You  are  to  look  wiiether  there  be  too  pu- 
ny Laws  fur  any  Thing,  which  breedeth  fo  many 
Doubts,  that  the  Subject  fometimes  is  to  ieek  how 
lo  obferve  them,  and  the  Councellor  how  to  give 

(  Advice  concerning  them. 

'"■■■.■-  'Now 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  8p 

'Now  thefecond,  which  concerns  a  fufficient  Pro-  Quetntlliibeth, 
'  Tifion  for  the  Crown  and  Slate  ;  herein  you  arc  's''- 
'  to  call  to  Remembrance  how  the  Crown  6t  this 
'  Realm  hath  been  many  Ways  charged  extraordi- 
'  narily  of  late  ;  not  pofTibly  to  be  born  by  the  ordi- 
'  uary  Revenues  of  the  Jame,  and  therefore  of  Ne- 
'  eeffity  to  be  relieved  otherwife  as  heretofore  it  hath 
'  commonly  and  neceflarily  been.  For,  like  as  ihe 
'  ordinary  Charge  hath  been  always  born  by  ordi- 
'  nary  Revenues,  fo  the  extraordinary  Charge  hath 
'always  been  fuftained  by  an  extraordinary  Relief. 
'  This  to  thofe  that  be  of  Underftanding  is  known, 
'  not  only  to  be  proper  to  Kingdoms  and  Empires, 

*  but  alfo  is,  hath  been,  and  ever  will  bci  a  neceflary 
'  Peculiar  partaining  to  a!i  Commonwealths,  and 
'  private  States  of  Men »  from  the  higheft  to  the 
'  loweft  i  the  Rules  of  Reafon  hath  ordained  it  fo  to 

'  Bur,  here  I  reft  greatly  perplexed,  whether  I 
'  ought  to  open  and  remember  unto  you,  fuch  Rea- 
'  fons  as  may  be  ealily  produced,  lo  move  you 
'■thankfully  and  readily  to  grant  this  extraordinary 
'  Relief  or  no  :  I  know  the  Queen's  Majcfty  con- 
'  ceivcth  fo  great  Hope  of  your  prudent  Forefeeing 
'  what  is  to  be  done,  and  of  your  good  Wills  and 
'  Readinels  to  perform  that,  which  by  Prudence  you 

*  forefee,  that  few  or  no  Perfuafions  atall  areneed- 
'  ful  for  the  bringing  this  to  pafs.  Nevertheiefe, 
'  becaufebytheantient  Order  heretofore  ufed,  it  is 

my  Office  and  Duiy  fomewhat  to  fay  in  this 
Cafe,  and  likewiic  all  Men  alfo  that  be  prefent, 
neither  underftard  ahke,  nor  remember  alike  : 
Therefore  I  mean,  with  your  Favour  and  Pari-  '' 

ence,  to  trouble  you  with  a  few  Words,  touching 
this  Point.     True  it  is,  that  there  be  two  Things 

*  that  ought  vehemently  to  move  us,  frankly,  boun- 
'lifully,and  readily  to  deal  in  this  Matter.     The 

*  former  is  the  great  Benefits  that  we  have  receiv- 
'  ed:  The  fecond  isiheNecelTicy  of  the  Caufe.  If 
'  we  fhould  forget  the  former,  we  are  to  be  char- 
'  gcd  as  moft  ungrate  and  unihankTul ;  and  thePor- 
f  geifulnefs  of  the  lecond  doth  charge  us,  as  un- 

•  careful 

90      Tlje  Parliamentary  Histort 

(tjl^einEIitaUth. '  careful  of  our  owti  Livings  and  Libertiea,  and  of 
*'''■        '  our  Lives  ;  the  former  moveth  by  Reafon,  and 

*  the  (econd  urgeth  by  Neceflity.  And  here,  to 
'  begin  with  the  former,  albeit  that  the  Benefits  that 
'  the  Realm  hath  received  by  God's  Grace,  and  the 
'  Queen's  Majefty's  Goodnefsi  both  for  the  Num- 
'  her  and  Greatnefs,  are  fuch  as  may  be  more  eafiiy 
'  marvelled  at,  than  worthily  weighed  and  conlider- 
'  ed :  Yet  mean  I  to  remember  briefly  three  of 
'  ihcm,  whereof  ihe  firft  and  chief  is  reftoring  and 

*  fettingat  Liberty  God's  holy  Word  amorgft  us; 
'  the  greateft  and  moft  precious  Treafure  that  can 

*  be  in  this  World  :  For  that  either  dorh,  orDiould 

*  benefit  us  in  the  bell  Degree  ;  to  wit,  our  Minds 

*  andSoulsji  and  look  how  much  our  Souls  excel  our 
'  Bodies,  io  much  mult  needs  the  Benefits  of  our 

*  Souls  excel  the  Benefits  of  our  Bodies ;  whereby 
'  alfo,  as  by  a  neceffary  Confequcnt,  we  are  deliver- 
'  ed,  and  made  free  from  the  Bondage  of  the  Ro- 
'  man  Tyranny  \   therefore  this  is  to  be  thought 

*  of  us  the  moft  principal  Benefit. 

*  The  lecond  is  the  ineilimable  Benefit  of  Peace 
'  during   ihe  Time  of  ten  whole  Years  together, 

*  and  more  ;  and  what  is  Peace  I  Is  it  not  the 
'  richeftand  moll  wifhed  for  Ornament  that  pertains 
'  to  any  publick  Weal  \     Is  no!  Peace  the  Mark 

*  and  End  that  all  good  Governments  ditedt  ilieir 
'  Adiionsunto  ?  Nay,  is  there  any  Benefit,  be  it 
'  never  fo  great,  that  a  Man  may  taks  the  whole 
'  Commodity  of,  without  ihe   Benefit  of  Peace  ? 

*  Is  ihere  any  fo  little  Commodity,  but  through 
'  Peace  a  Man  mav  have  the  full  Fruition  of  it  ? 
'  By  this  wc  generally  and  joyfully  poflefs  all ;  and 
'  without  this  generally  and  joyfully  we  pofTefs  no- 
'  thing.  A  Man  that  would  f-fficicntlyconfiderall 
»  the  Commodities  of  Peace,  ought  to  call  to  Re- 

*  membrance  all  the  Miferies  of  War ;  for  in  Rea- 

*  ion  it  feems  as  great  a  Benefit  in  being  delivered  of 

*  theonc,  asin  the  poffeHing  of  the  other.     Yet  if 

*  there  were  nothing,  the  common  and  lameniable 
'  Caliimities  and  Miferies  of  out  Neighbours  round 

*  about  us,  for  Want  of  Peace,  may  give  us  to  «»- 

'  Uer- 

0/  ENGLAND.        91 

'  derftand  what  Blellednefs  we  be  in  that  poJTcls  icQueti 
'  There   be  thnt  never   acknowledge   Benefits   to 
'  their  Value,  whilft  they  poifefs  them,  but  when 
'  they  are  taken  fiom them,  and  (b find Iheir  Want; 

*  Marry,  fuch  be  not  worthy  of  them.  Now  is  ii 
'  poflible,  trow  you,  that  this  blelTed  Benefit  of 
'  Peace  could  have  been  from  Time  to  Time  thus 
'  long  conlervcd  and  conferred  upon  us,  bad  not 
'  the  Mind,  Affeflion  and  Love,that  our  Sovereign 
'  bears  towards  us  herSubjefls,  bred  fuch  Care  over 

*  us  in  her  Breaft,  as  for  the  well-bringing  of  this 
'  to  pafs,  fhe  hath  forborn  no  Care  of  Mind,  no 
'  Travel  of  Body,  nor  Expence  of  her  Treafure, 
'nor  Sale  of  her  Lands  j  no  Adventuring  of  her 
'  Credit,  either  at  Home  or  Abroad  ?  a  plain  and 
'  manifeft  Argument,  how  dear  and  precious  the 
'  Safety  and  Quiet  of  us  her  Subjefls  be  to  her  Ma- 
'  jefty.  And  can  there  be  a  greater  Perfuafion  to 
'  move  us  to  our  Power  to  tender  the  like  ? 

i    *  The  third   is  the  great  Benefit   of  Clemency 

*  and  Mercy.  Ipray  you,  hath  it  been  feen  or  read, 
■*  that  any  Prince  of  this  Realm,  during  whole  ten 
•Years  Reign,  and  more,  hath  had  his  Hands  fo 
f  clean  from  Blood .'  If  no  Offence  were,  her 
'  Majefty's  Wifdom  in  Governing  was  ihe  more  to 

*  be  wondered  at  i  and  if  Offences  were,  then  her 
■  Majeily's  Clemency  and  Mercy  the  more  to  be 

*  commended.  Mi/erieordia  ejus  fuper  omnia  cpera 
■'  epts.     Befides,  like  as  it  hath  pleafed  God    ten 

*  Years  and  more,  by  the  Miniftry  of  ourfaid  So- 

*  vereign,  to  6lefs  this  Realm  with  thofe  two  inefti- 

*  mable  Benpfitsof  Peaceand  Clemency,  fo  there  is 
^no  Caufe  but  the  fame  might  by   God's  Grace 

*  have  ccminued  twenty  Years  longer,  without 
'  Intermillion,  had  not  the  raging  Romnnift  Rebels 
■*  eniettained  the  Matter.  And  here  itis  to  be  noted, 
'  that  this  merciful  and  peaceful  Reign  of  ten  Years 
••  and  more,  hath  happ  ned  in  the  Time  of  Chrift's 

*  Religion  now  eltaWilhed.  I  cannot  think  that 
■•  any  Man  can  follow  me  in  this  in  the  Time  of 
'*  the  R'.'milli  Relgion  lince   the  Conqutft     Nay, 

*  a  Man  mi^hi  affirm,  that  this  is  an  Example  for 

*  Titnes 

pa       7he  Tafliamentary  Histort 

QwoiEliziheth.*  Times  to  Come,  without  any  like  in  Times  paft  ; 

ij?'*        '  comparing  Sngula  finguUs,  what  (hould  I  fay  ? 

'  thefe  be  ihe  true  Fruits  of  true  Religion.     I  could 

'  ftjriher  remember  you  of  the  Fruits  of  Juftice,  the 

*  Benefit  of  reftoring  your  Money  to  Finenels ;  3'ea, 
'  I  couid  put  you  in  Mind,  but  I  thiuk  it  needs  nor, 
'  it  happened  fo  late,  of  a  Sublidy  granted,  where- 
'  of  the  Queen's  Majefty  of  her  own  Bountifulnefs, 
'  remitted  the  one  half ;  was  the  like  here  in  Eng- 

*  landzvcT  fecn  or  heard  of?     But  being  out  of 

*  Doubl,  that  thefe  lenefits  already  remembred  be 

'  fufficient  01  themfelves  to  move  yon  to  be  ihank-  ■ 
'  ful  to  your   Power,  I  leave  any  longer  to  detain 

*  you  in  this  Point. 

'  And  albeit  a  Subjed  cannot  yield  any  Benefit 
'  to  his  Sovereign  in  the   fame  Nature  that  he  re- 

*  ceiveth  it ;  becaufe  every   Benefit  is   more  than 

*  Duty,  and  more  than  Duty  a  Subject  cannot 
'  yield  to  his  Sovereign:  Yet  can  it  notbe  denied, 
'  but  a  Subject's  acknowledging  of  Benefits  received, 
'  joined  with  Good-Will  to  yield  as  far  as  Liberty 

*  will  reach,  doth  fufiicienily  fatisfie  for  the  Subjeit, 
'  for  ultra  pojje  nm  efl  ejfe.     To  your  bell  Aiftions 

*  therefore  addrefs  ye.     And  thus  much  concerning 

*  Benefits. 

'  Now  to  the  fecond  Part,  concerningutging  by 

*  Neceflity,  true  it  is,  that  the  extraordinary  Mat- 

*  ters  of  Charge,  happened  firce  the  laft  Aliembly 
f                      *  here,  urging  to  have  by  Neceflity  a  Relief  granted, 

'  amongll  many  others  be  thefe.     Firft,  Thegrea^ 

*  Charge  in  luppreffing  the  laic  Northern  Rebellion, 

*  with  Charges  alfo  in  reducing  thofe  the  Queen's 

*  Majefty's  Enemies  in  Scotland^  that  afliiled  the 

*  Rebels,  and  made  Roads  'ya\':i  England.  The  con- 
'  tinual  growing  Expences,  by  Reaibn  of  Ireland^ 
'  as  in  fubduing  the  Rebels  within  that  Realm,  and 
•,and  withftanding  the  S«/i  Northward,  and  other 

*  Foreign   Forces,  intending  Invafion  Southward. 

*  To  thefe  three  Charges  by  Land,  you  may  add  a 

*  fourth  by  Sea  ;  as  the  Preparation  and  fetting  fprih 
'  ofShips,  partly  for  the  Defence  againfl  all  foreign 

*  Foices,   fufpefted    and  intended,  partly    for  the 

'  faf« 

0/   ENGLAND. 


'  fire  condufting  of  the  Wares  and  Merchandizes  Qy^,, 
'in  greater  Siteiigth  and  longer  Cut  ihan  hercto- 
'  fore  hath  been  ufed.  Thefe  and  luch  hke  exira- 
'  ordinary  Charges,  whereof  there  be  fundry,  with 
'  the  Remains  of  old  Charges  not  poflible  to  be  bora 
'  by  the  ordinary  Revenue,  and  yet  of  Netefliiyto 
'  be  expended,  do  greatly  exceed  any  extraordinary 
'  Aid  therefore  commonly  granted.  Again,  the 
'  great  Derayof  the  Qyeen's  Majefty's  Cuftonis, 
'  by  reafon  of  Stay  and  Alteration  of  Traffick  (albeit 
'  upon  juft  Occafion)  hath  bred  no  (mall  Want ; 
'  for  aiihough  in  Time  it  is  not  to  be  doubted,  but 
'  that  willgrow again  tohisold  Courfe,  and  conti- 
'  nue  with  great  Surety  :  Yet,  in  the  mean  Time, 
'  this  Want  muft  fome  Way  tie  fupplied  ;  for  you 
'  know  the  Horfe  muft  be  provided  for,  whilft  the 
'  Grafs  is  in  growing.  At  the  leaft,  lei  us  do  fo 
'  much  for  ourfclves,  as  we  do  for   our  Horfcs. 

*  For  ourfelves  it  is  that  are  to  be  relieved  in  this 

*  Cafe.  This  I  mull  needs  fay,  that  if  the  Queen's 
'  Majefty  did  life  in  Matters  of  Ex  pence,  to  do  as 

*  commonly   Princes  heretofore  have  ufed   to  do, 

*  then  with  the  more  Difficulty  might  fuch  extra- 
'  ordinary  Aid  be  aflented  unto,  and  yet  of  Neceffi- 
'  ty  10  be  had,  to  withltand  a  greater  Neceflity.  It 
'  hath  been  ufed  in  Times  paft,  that  Princes  Plea- 
'  fures  and  Delights  have  been  commonly  followed 
'  in  Matters  of  Charge,  as  Things  of  Neceflity. 
'  And  now,  becaufe.  God  be  prailed,   the  relieving 

*  of  the  Realm's  Neceflity  is  become  the  Princes 
'  Pleafure  and  Delight,  a  noble  Converfion  (  God 

*  continue  it,  and  make  us,  as  we  ought  to  be  car- 
'  neftly  thankful  for  it ! )  a  princely  Example  fticw- 

*  ed  by  a  Sovereign  for  Subjei^s  to  follow.  To  de- 
'  fcend    in  fome  Particulars.     What  need  I  to  re- 

*  member  unto  you,  how  the  gorgeous,  fumptuous, 

*  fuperfluous  Buildings  of  Time   paft  be  fur  the 

*  Realm's  Good,  by  her  Majeflry  in  this  Time  tur- 
'  ned  into  neceflary  Buildings,   and  Upholdings? 

*  The  chargeable,  glittering,  glorious  Triumphs,  ih- 

*  todeleflable  Pailimes  and  Shows?     EmbaUadors 

*  of  Charge  ilH9  fugh  as  be  VQidof  Excels,  and  yet 


5)4      Tl^s  Tarltamentary  Histort 

j^iwiiElaibMb.'  honourable  ami  comely  ?    Thefeatid  fuch  like  are- 

»S7'«         '  dangerous    Dams,  able    to  dry  up   the    flowing 

'  Fountains  of  any  Treafure;  and  ye[  tliefe  Im- 

*  perfections  have  been  commonly  Princes  Pecu- 
'  liars,  efpecially  younp:.  One  free  from  fhefe  was 
'  accounted  Rara  aw;,  ^i:.  and  yer  (God  be  thank- 
'  edj  a   Pht-enix^  a  blefled  Bird  of  this  Kind  God 

*  halh  blefled  us  with.     I  think  it  may  be  affirmed, 

*  and  that  truly,  that  there  hath  not  been  any  Mac- 
'  ter  of  great  Charge  taken  in  Hand  by  her  Ma- 
'  jefty  in  this   happy  Reign  of  twelve  Years  and 

*  more,  that  hath  not  been  thought  before  conveni- 

*  ent  to  be  done  for  the  Weal  and  Profit  of  the 

*  Realm  ;  fo  far  her  Highnefs  is  from  fpending  of 

*  Treafure  in  vain  Matters,  and  therefore  the  rather 

*  how  can  a  Man  make  any  Difficulty  to  contribute 
'  according  to  his  Power  ?  efpecially,  in  maintaining 
'  of  his  Sovereign,  his  Country,  his  ielf,  his  Wife  and 

*  Children,  and  what  not  ?  having  fo  long  a  Prcxif 
'  by  Experience,  of  fuch  an  Employment?  Here 
'  I  would  put  you  in  mind  of  extraordinary  Charges 
'  to  come,  which  in  Reafon  fecms  evident,  but  fo 
'  I  fhould  be  over  tedious  unto  you,  zadfniflra  fit 
'  per  plura  quad  fieri  poUjl  per  pauikra.     And  there- 

*  fore  here  I  make  an  ETnd,  doubting  that  I  have  tar- 

*  ried  you  longer  than  Ipromifed  or  meant,  or  per- 

*  chance  needed,  your  Wifdoms  and  good  Inclinati- 

*  ons  confidered.     But  you  know  Things  are  to  be 

*  done  both  in  Form  and  Matter  j  and  my  Truft 

*  is,  that  if  I  had  flayed,  I  may  be  warranted  by 

*  either,  or  by  both,  you  will  take  it  in  good 
'  Pan.' 

Next  come  the  Names  of  the  Receivers  and  Try- 
ers  of  Petitions,  in  French,  according  to  ancient  Cuf- 
^"'^*'^^^^"ytom.  The  Journalifi  proceeds  then  to  tell  us,  that, 
Sp«kn* "'  o"  ^^^  4^'^  Day  of  /Ipril,  the  Commons  prefented 
Chrijiapher  IP'ray,  Efq;  Serjeant  at  Law,  as  their 
Speaker ;  whofe  Excufe  not  being  allowed,  he  made 
an  Oration  in  Subftancc  as  follows : 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ^s 

Firit  he  faid,    '  He  defired   to   be  heard  to  fay  (^^.nEUijtt^ 
'  fomewhat  concerning  the  orderly  Government        is7». 
'  of  a  Commonweal,  which  to   be  duly  tione,  he 
'  faid,  there  were  three  7'hings  requifue,  Religion,  j^  5     ^ 
'  Authority,    and  Laws.      By  Religion  he  faid,    "'  ^"^ 
'  we  do  not  only  know  God  aright,  but  alfo  hov/ 
'  to  obey  the  King  or  Queen,  whom  God  fliall 
'  aflign  to  reignoverusj  and  that,  not  in  Tem- 
'  poral  Caufes,  but  in  Spiritual  or  Eccleliaflical ; 
'  in  which  wholly  her  Majelty's  Power  is  abfolute. 
'  And  leaving  all  Proofs  of  Divinity  to  the  Bilhops 
'  and  Fathers,  as  he  faid  he  would,  he  prov'd  the 
'  fame  by  the  Praftice  of  Princes  within  this  Realm, 
'  and  firft  ni?.de  Remembrance  of  Lucius  ihz?ii&. 
'  Chriftian  King,  who  having  written  to  Eluihe- 
'  r/ajthe  Pope,   1300  Years   part   for  the  Roman 
'  Laws,  he  was  anfwered,  that  he  had  the  Holy 
'Scriptures,  out  of  the  which  he  might  draw  good 

*  Dtfcreiion  ;  for  that  he  was  the  Vicar  of  Chrijl 

*  over  the  People  of  Bniain.     The  Conqueror,  he 

*  faid,  in  the  Erection  of  B<J///e  ^i/,/v,  granted  that 

*  the  Church  {hould  bs  free  from  ail  Epifcopal  Ju- 
'  tifdiftion, 

*  Henry  the  Third  gave  to  Ranulph  Bifhop  of 
'  Lenden,  the  Archbifhoprick.  of  CanUrbury,  by 
'  thefe  Words,  Rex,  i^c.  /ci/iiis    guod  dedimits  Ji- 

*  ieii.  mJJrs   Ranulpho    Archiepijivp.    Cantuarien. 

*  quern  itijUtuimui  Aimlo  is!  B'lcula.    The  Ring,  he 

*  faid,  was  the  Sign  of  Perfei5tion  ;  the  Staff  the 
'  Sign  of  Paltoral  Rule  i  which  he  could  not  do, 
'  if  thefe  Kings  had  not  had  and  ufed  the  EccleQaf- 
'  tica!  Powers.  In  the  Reports  of  the  Law,  we 
'  find  that  an  Excommunication  of  a  certain  Perfon 
'  came  from  the  Pope  under  his  Leaden  Bull  j  and 
'  wasfliew'din  Abatement  of  an  Aflion  broughtat 
'  the  Common  Law  ;  which,  befides  that  it  was 

*  of  no  Force,  the  King  and  Judges  were  of  mind, 
'  that  he  who  brought  it  had  deferved  Death,  fo  to 

*  prefumeon  any  Foreign  Authority  :  Which  Au- 
'  thotity  being  now,  by  God's  Grace  and  her  High- 
'  nefs's  means,   abolilhed,    and   the   Freedom  of 

*  Confcieoces,  and  the  Tryth  of  God's  Word  efta- 

*   bliflied  i 

5)6      7"^!?  T&rliamentary  Histort 

reuEluslieth. '  blillied  ;    we   therefore  oughc  greatly   lo  thank 
1571.        *  God  and  her. 

*  For  Authority,   or  the  Sword,    whereby  the 

*  Commonwealth  is  ftayed,  three  Things,  he  fa  id, 
'  are  requifite  ;  Men,  Armour,  and  Money.  For 
'   Men,  their  good  Wills,  he  faid,  were  moft,  be- 

*  ingof  itlelf  a  ftrong  Forirefs.  For  Armour,  the 
'  NeceiEty  he  {hewed  in  part  ;  and  how  requifite 

*  Trcafure  was,  he  a  liitle  declared.     And  conclu- 

*  ded,  that  all  three  mnft  be  conjoined,  Men,  Ar- 

*  mour,  and  Money. 

'  Laftly  for  Laws,  the  third  Stay  of  the  Com- 
'  monwealih  ;  he  faid  there  mu  ft  be  Confideration 

*  in  making  them,  and  Care  in  executing  of  them  i 

*  in  making  fuch,  as  by  the  providing  for  one  Part 

*  of   the  Commonwealih,  the  reft  fhould  not  be 

*  hindred,  which  were  indeed  a  Matter  mofl  per- 

*  nicious;  and  this  he  vouched  out  of  Plata  de  Lt' 
'  gibus.     For  Execution,    he  faid,  that  fince  the 

*  Lawof  itfelf  isbui  muie,  fet  in  Paper,  not  able 

*  to  do  ought,  the  Magiftrate  (except  he  will  be  alfo 
'  mutejmuft  be  the  Doer,  and  then  is  a  good  Law 
'  faid  to  be  well  made,  when  it  is  well  executed  ; 
'  for,  Anima  Legh  eji  Executia. 

'  Hereupon  he  faid  fomeihing  in  Commendation 
'  ofhcrMajefty,  who  had  given  free  Courfe  to  her 
'  Laws,  not  fending  or  requiring  the  Stay  of  Juf- 

*  [ice,  by  her  Letters  or  Privy  Seals,  as  heretofore 
'  fometimes  hath   been    by  her  Progenitors   ufed. 

*  Neither  hath  flie  pardoned  any,  without  the  Ad- 
'  vice  of  fuch,  before  whom  the  Offenders  have 

*  been  arraigned,  and  the  Caufe  heard. 

'  His  Oration  being  ended,  he  then  made  four 
'  Petitions ;  firft  that  the  Perfons,  Servants,  and 
'  Goods,  ofallcoming  to  that  Aflembly,  might  be 
'  free  from  all  Arreils,     Secondly,  that  for  Caufe 

*  of  Conference,  they  might  have  Accefs   to  her 

*  Majefty.     Thirdly,  if  any  fent  fhould  not  truly 

*  report,  or  in  Part  miftake  the  Meaning  of  the 
'  Houfe,  that  the  fame  fhould  be  by  her  Highnela 
■  favourably  heard.     And  laftly,  that  intheHoufo 

*  allMen  might  have  freeSpe^ch.' 

This   • 

CfENGLAND.       ^7 

This  Oration  being  ended,   by  Direflion  from  QueenEliiibetK. 
her  Majefty,  and  Inftrudions  given  what  (hould  be        i57«« 
laid,  the  Lord  Keeper  anfwered  thus,  dividing  bis 
Speech  into  three  Parts ;   the  firft,  where  he  had 
ibflictinies  infericd  Commendations  of  her  Majefty, 
ie6id,  '  Her  Highnefe  would  not  acknowledge  foxhe  Qoeen*fl 

*  great Perfeftions  to  be  in  her ;  but  faid,  that  they  Aafwer,  by  the 
'  Ihould  be  Inftrudlbns  for  her  better  Proceedings ^'o*^  Keepef. 

*  in  Time  to  come.  The  fecond  Part  of  his  Ora- 
'  Don,  he  laid,  concerning  the  Rule  for  ordering 
'  of  the  Commonwealth,  (he  well  liked  of,  and 

*  wjihed,  that  as  he  had  well  conceived  of  it,  and 

*  well  uttered  the  fame,  fo  he  and  others  would  en- 

*  deavQur  the  Execution  thereof. 

'  For  his  Petitions,  he  faid,  her  Majefty*8  Plea-  . 

*  Aire  was,  tliat  the  firft  (hould  be  granted  ^  with 
^  this  Caution,  ihat  no  Man  fhould  under  their 

Shadows,  untruly   proteft  others.     For  the  fe- 
cmd,  be  faid,  at  Time  convenient,  her  Pleafure 
Was,  they  fhould  come  freely.    Touching  the 
third  Part,  he  faid,  fhe  could  not  imagine  that 
'  among  fo  many  wife  Men  it  could  happen;    but 
'  if  it  fhould,  her  Grace  would  be  content  to  remit 
it.    The  fourth  was  fuch,  that  her  Majefty  hav- 
ing Experience  of  late  of  fome  Diforder,  and  cer- 
tain Offences,  which  though  they  were  not  pu- 
niflied,  yet  were  they  Offences  ftill,  and  fo  muft 
be  accounted  ;    therefore  faid,   they  (hould  do 
wdl  to  meddle  with  no  Matters  of  State,  but  fuch 
I  as  ihould  be  propounded  unto  them,  and  to  oc- 
■,copy  themfelves  in  other  Matters,  concerning  the 
^  Commonwealth.' 

'  The  Speaker's  Oration  to  the  Queen,  is  laid, 
[4e  Journals  of  the  Commons,  to  be  two  Hours 
\\  di  Confequence,  this  muft  have  been  much 
'TKs  laft  Injunflion  muft  found  harfli  in  the  Ears 
[an  Englift)  Houfe  of  Commons  ;  who  have  ever 
!d  themfelves  on  that  darling  Prerogative,  Free- 
of  Speech.     But  we  leave  it  to  the  Reader's 
Refleftion,  and  go  on  to  the  other  moft  remark- 
Proceedings  of  the  Upper  Houfe.     And,  the 
Vol.  IV.  G  firft 

(^ecn  Elizabeth 

Earls  of  Nor- 
&c.  attainted. 

Bill  relating  to 

9  8     The  Parliamentary  H  i story. 

firft  Thing  of  Note  we  find  the  Lords  went  upc 
was  to  bring  in  a  Bill  for  the  Attainder  of  TT)om 
Piercy^  Earl  of  Northumberland  ;  Charles  Nevt 
Earl  of  ff^eJImorland,3ndi  others.  TheNamesof  th< 
other  Perfons  attainted,  are  not  in  the  Journals  ;.  b 
Cambden  {a)  has  given  us  feveral  of  them  ;  befides  t 
two  Earls,  there  were  Ann^  Countefs  of  Northumh 
land  \  Edward  Dacres^  of  Morton^  commonly  ts 
led  Lord  D acres ;  John  Nevile,  oi  Lever fege  ;  y« 
Swinborriy  Thomas  Mar kenfeldy  Egremond  RauSi 
Brother  to  the  Earl  of  SuJ/ex  ;  Chriflopher  Nm 
Richard  Nor  ton  J  of  Norton  -  Comers  \\Chriflophi 
Marmadukey  and  Thomas^  of  Jthe  fame  Family 
Robert  and  MichaelTempeJ{\  George  Staffordy  and  i 
bout  forty  more,  all  of  the  beft  Families  in  tl 
North  of  England,  The  Bill  of  Attainder  agair 
thefe  Perfons  was  read,  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  afii 
Time,  on  the  6th  of  April ;  pafled  that  Houfe  < 
the  28th  ;  and,  being  fent  down  to  the  Comilior 
they  returned  it,  concluded,  on  the  15th  of  At 
following.  By  this  Aft  all  their  Lands  and  Goo 
were  forfeited  to  the  Queen,  and  thofe  Pofleffic 
within  the  Bifhoprick  of  Dz/r^^w  were  adjudged 
her  and  her  Succeflbrs,  againft  Piiiinton,  the  Bifho 
who  laid  Claim  to  all  Royalties  between  the  Rive 
Tine  and  Teje.  This  was  done,  fays  our  Authc 
in  Regard  of  the  vaft  Expence  the  Queen  had  be< 
at  in  freeing  the  Biftiop  and  his  Diocefe  froin  tl 
Rebels;  but  with  Provi/o xhn'xt  fhould  not  prej! 
dice  tTie  Right  of  the  Church  of  Durham  for  tl 
Aiture  (b), 

April  the  28th,  a  Bill  was  fent  up  bv  the  Coa 
mons  to  the  Lords,  whereby  certain  Offences,  the 
named,  were  made  Treafon.  It  paffed  .th; 
Houfe  on  the  8ih  Day  of  May^  with  a  new  Provifi 
and  certain  Amendments  added  to  it.  This  A6 
fays  Cambden^  was  cccafioned  by  the  Iniquity  of  tl 
Times,  and  the  Love  which  the  Parliament  of  E% 
land  then  bore  to  their  Prmce  and  Country.  'By  i 
was  provided,  according  to  the  Tenour  of  foroi 
Laws,  '  That  if  any  Man  Ihould  attempt  the  Deal 


a)  Combden  in  Kennef^  P*4^> 
h)  Ibidem,  p.  436. 


0/   E  N  G  I,  A  N  D.  s>9 

or  perfonal  Hurt  of  the  Queen ;  or  raife  War,  or(jue(j 

excite  others   to   War  againil   her ;  if  any  one 

Hoitlci  give  out,  that  fte  is  not  the  lawful  Qiieeii 

of  this  Realm,  but  that  any  other  can  claim  a  Jull- 

cr  Title  thci  eio  ;  or  fhould  pronounce  her  to  be 

sn  Heretic.  Schifmaiic,  or  Infidel ;  or  {hould  u- 

furpthe  Right  and  Title  of  the  Kingdom  during 

her  Life  ;  or  fiiould  affirm  that  any  other  has  a 

Right  to  the  Crown  ;  or  ihdt  the  Laws  and  Sla- 

Iksti  cannot  limit  and  deiermine  the  Right  of  the 

Crswn  and  the  Succeffor  thereof;  every  (uch  Per- 

fonfhall  be  guilty  ot  High  Treafin.     That  if  any 

oiiE,  during  the  Queen's  Life,  fhouldby  any  Boole, 

written  or  printed,  exprelly  maintain,  that  any 

Perfon  is  or  ought  to  be,  the  Queen's  Heir  and 

Succeflbr,  except  the  natural  IJjue  of  her  Body  ; 

orlhould  publifli,  print  or  difperle,  any  Books  or 

Writings  to  that  Effedt,  he,  and  his  Abettors,  for 

^  firft  Offence,    ihould    be  imprifoned   for  a 

'hole   Year,  and  forfeit  the  half  of  his  Goods ; 

*ard,  if  any  Ihould  ol^nd  a  fecond  Time,  he  fliould 

'  incur   the  Penahy  of  a  Prcniunire  ;  that  is,  the 

'  Lof3  of  all  his  Goods,  and  lie  in  perpetual  Impri- 

'  fonment.' 

This  Aft  plainly  ftiews   the  extrcam  Jealoufy, 
oore   than  the  Iniquity,  of  the  Times  ;  and  that 
liere  was  ihcti  fome  latent  Tille  to  the  Crown, 
which  they  coul(l  not  fufficienily    guard  againft. 
Our  Author  writes,  thai  it  was  looked  upon  as  too 
(evere,  by  thofe  who  thought  that  it  would  tend  to 
iheEftablilhment  of  the- Nation's  Quiet,  to  have  an 
Heirappareni  declared.     But  adds  he,  it  is  incrediblo 
*bat  jefts  were  thrown  out  on  thiC  PartoftheAfti 
'  txceft  the  natural  JJfue    of  her  Body.     Since  the 
I  Lawyers  term  thofe  Children  natural ;  whom  Na- 
;  lure  alone,  without  the  Intervention  of  honeft  Ma^ 
,  trimony,  h4[h  begotten.     As  thofe  are  called  law- 
ful v\\\c\\  are  born  in  Wedlock.     So  that  Cambden 
biffliclf,  being  then  a  young  Man,  hath  often  heard 
■ — V  fay,  that  this  Word  was  inferred  into  the  Adt 
jV^«r,  with  a  Defign,  that,  one  Time  or  other; 
.light  impol'e  fome  Baftard  Son  of  his  upon  the 
Q  2  Engl^ 

I  oo      The  Tarliiime7itai-ji}\isro9.i 

QueenEliiahcib.^"^'^  Nation  fot  the  Qiieen's  natural  Tffue,      A 
Ji7i.        Jnfinuation  oddly  dropt  from  the  Pen  of  one,  Vk -fit 
has  lalien  fuch  great  Pains  to  drefs  his  Heroine  in  th( 
brighteft  Robes  of  Virtue  and  Honour. 

About  this  Time  Pope  Pms  V.  had  thutidered 
m'^^u'"-' ^' "' °'^^  ^"  ^^^  Anathemas  of  the  Vatican  againft  Ellza- 
th^QuKn!'"     ^"^  i  3nd  had  the  Infolence  to  publifh   a  Bull  of 
Excommunication  againft  her,  which  was  fixed  oo 
the  Bifhop  of  London'^  Palace-Gates  ff'.      This 
Arrogance   was   taken   Notice  of  by  Parliament. 
Accordingly,  we  find  that  a  Bill  was  read  a  Third 
Time,  and  palled  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  Jprilih?  iift, 
with  thisTitle,  A  Bill  againfl  bringing  in  and  put- 
ting  in  Execution  of  Bulls,  Writings  or  Inflruments^ 
ar  other  juperfiitims  Things,  from  the  See  of  Viome. 
Afli  afTd        ^^  '^  '^^^  enafled,  '  That  who  foe  ver,  by  Bulls  or 
thawpen.         '  Other  Rcfcripts  of  the  Pope,  fhould  reconcile  any 

•  Man  lo  the  Church  of  Rome,  and  thofe  who 

•  fhould  be  fo  reconciled,  (houM  be  guilty  of  High 
'  Treafin.  That  whofoever  did  relieve  fuch  as  did 
'  fo  reconcile  Men,  or  fliould  brint;  into  England 
'  any  Agnus  Dei's,  Beads,  Crucifixes,  or  other 
'  Things  confecrated  by  the  Pope, fhould  incur  the 

•  Penalty  of  a  Premunire.  And,  that  whofoever 
'  ihould  not  difcover  fuch  Reconcilers  ftiould  be 
'  guilty  of  concealing,  that  is,  MiJprifionofTreafon.' 

Several  Perfons,  concerned  in  the  laft  Rebellion, 
having  cfcaped  beyond  Sea,  and  others  in  greater 
Numbers  having  withdrawn  themfelves  on  the 
Score  of  Religion,  a  Bill  was  framed againftthetn 
in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  fent  up  to  the  Lords 
on  the  Firfl:  Day  o^ May.  The  next  Day  this  Bilt 
agajnft  Fugitives,  over  the  Seas,  was  committed  to 
the  Marquifs  of  ^■Northampton,  the  Earls  of  Hunting' 
don,  Suffex,  Bedford,  Pembrch  and  Leicefter  -,  the 
Y\ko\sr,\%H£refordi.ViA  Montague ;  the  Biftops  of 
Winchefier,  Sarum  and  Worcefler  ;  the  Lords 
Burleigh,  ffentworih,  Haflings  and  Bucihurft, 
May  the  igih,  the  Bill  was  concluded  in  that  Houfe, 
with  a  new  Provifo,  and  certain  Amendments  added 
to  it.  The  A6t  recalled  all  fuch  Fugitives,  who  had 
[<}  Sec  ibe  Form  of  the  EuJl,  at  Itnglh,  id  Cavibdcr,  p,  4)7, 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     loi 

foneabroad  without  the  Queen's  Leave,   within  aQujtnEKzabeth. 
limiiedTime,  under  Forfeiture  of  their  Ellates.  And,        's:'- 
ty  another  Aft,  pafled  thisSetfion,  all  Conveyances, 
Gifts,  Alienations,  y^.  of  their  Eftates,  were  term- 
ed fraudulent,  and  fetafide. 

Thefe,  and  feme  more  Laws  of  lefs  Slgnifican- 
CfiWere  framed  againft  Popery,  by  this  Parliament ; 
'DOT were  they  wanting  to  reform  fome  fcandalous 
Abufcs  which  haJ  crept  into  the  eftablifhed  Pmef- 
tot(  Church.  An  Aft  was  made  for  correfting 
terrain  Diforders  of  the  Minifters  of  the  Church. 
Another  againft  Frauds  in  defeating  Remedies  for 
Dilapidations.  Another  touching  LeafesofL'enefi- 
ca  and  other  Ecciefiaftical  Livings  with  Cure. 
This  lall  Aft  was  made,  fays  Cambden,  to  reftrain 
the  Covetoufnefs  of  certain  Churchmen;  who,  as  if 
born  for  ihemfeU-es  .ilone,  to  the  notorious  Defraud- 
ing of  their  Succeflbrs,  did  wafte  the  Revenues  of  the 
Church,  and  let  out  Leafe*  for  many  Years.  The 
firftmentionedAftfor  reforming  the  Minifters,  hath 
ihia  Tide  in  the  printed  Statutes,  An  Ail  far  the  Mi- 
xi/lers  of  the  Church  to  be  of  found  Religion.  Wiiich 
was  made  to  reftrain  certain  puritanical  Preachers, 
Tho  oppofed  the  Articles  concluded  on  in  a  Synod 
i\  London)  in  the  Year  1562,  for  abolilhing  of 
But  now,  when  the  Parliament  had  done  with 
__  Urinous  Matters,  it  was  thought  neceflary  to  take 
i  fcmeCareof  the  State.  On  the  Joth  of  jWaya  Bill'^  ^"^^'^1' 
=  «1th  a  Grant  of  two  Fifteenths  and  Tenths,  and  a 
itthfidy,  was  fent  up  by  the  Commons.  It  was  read- 
the  firft  Time,  on  the  next  Day,  by  the  Lords,  who 
palfcd  it  on  the  ijlh.  It  is  fomewhat  ftiange  that 
this  Supply  is  not  the  leaft  taken  Notice  of  by  Mr. 
Cambden.  And  it  is  not  clear,  by  him,  what  it 
Could  be  for,  fince  the  Kingdom  was  then  in  pro- 
found Peace  with  its  Neighbours ;  even  Ireland^ 
Vbich  was  very  troublefome  moft  Part  of  this 
,,  being  then  in  much  Subjeftion.  However, 
cr  Co-temporary  Hiftorian  informs  us,  that 
supply  was  granted  to  the  Queen,  towards  the  ■ 
&rcai  Charge  flic  had  been  at,  in  repiefling  the  late 
G  3  Re- 


loi     Tfje  Parliamentary  Hi sroKt 

Rebellion,  In  the  Norih;  and  purfuing  the  Rebels, 
™a,«b«h,^jjj^.,^  weie  fled  into  SiQtlnudU).  Great  Care  was 
taten  that  the  Queen  (houlJ  not  be  cheaied  of 
any  Part  of  [his  Grant  ;  for  two  Bills  were  pafled 
this  Patliament  ;  the  one  againft  Frauds  of  Tellers, 
Receivers,  Colleflors  andTrcafurers  of  the  piiblick 
Money  ;  ihe  oiher,  ihat  all  fucb  Lands,  Goods, 
Chat-Is,  t5fr.  as  any  Receiver,  Teller,  Colledor, 
i^c.  fliould  have  at  their  entring  into  their  Charge, 
fhall  be  liable  lo  the  Payment  of  their  Debts  due  to 
the  Crown.  The  like  Adt  was  made  for  the  Col - 
leflors  of  the  SubfJdies  granted  by  the  Clergy ; 
which  at  this  Time  was  fix  Shillings  in  the  Pound. 

Weinuft  now  goback  to  trace  what  was  doing  this 
Parliament  in  ilie  Commons ;  in  which  our  Jourtia- 
liji  is  more  particular  than  in  any  before  :  but  his  Ac- 
couTit  is  carefully  collated  with  the  tnore  authentic, 
latepTir.tcd,5''""''<^^-'of  the  Commons-  TheHoufe 
having  been  called  over, and  iheO.ith  of  Allegiance 
and  Supremacy  given  to  each  Member,  by  the  Lord 
iSleward  of  the  Queen's  Houlhold,  they  proceeded 
lo  the  Eleflion  of  a  Speaker  j  the  Ceremony  of 
whofe  Inveftiture  is  given  before,  ^pril  the  5th, 
the  Hcufe  was  again  called  ever  ;  and  Tome  Mem- 
hi;rs  were  commanded  to  attend  the  next  Day  the 
Older  of  ihe  Houfe,  becaufe  they  had  entered  there 
wiihuui  being  rerurned  by  the  Clerk  ofthe  Crown. 
The  fame  Day,  a  Commitlee  was  named  tocon- 
fer  with  the  Attorney  and  Sollicitor  Genera!, 
about  feveral  Boroughs,  who  had  returned  Mem- 
bers in  this  Parliament,  but  lent  none  to  the  laft. 
The  yotimalijt  obfcrves,  on  fuch  a  Cale,  in  a  prior 
Parliament,  '  Thai  it  was  very  common  in  former 

'  Times,   that  if  any   Borough  grew  into  Poverty, 

^  or  Decay,  to  avoid  the  Charges  of  their  Burgelles 
'  Allowance,  ihey  either  got  a  Licence  from  the 
'  Crown  10  be  dilchargc-d  from  fuch  Eledtion  and 
'■  Auendance,  or  did,  by  Degrees,  dilcontinue  it 
■  ihemfelvLS.  But,  in  later  Times,  the  Ktilghts, 
'  Citizens  and  Burgelies  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
'  for  the  molt  Part,  bcaiing  their  own  Charges, 
i  many 
(d)  IMia^lhmd'iCbxoD.  p.  1125. 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         103 

'  many  of  thofe  Borough  Towns,  which  had  dif-„  ^,.  , 
ainiimica  iheir  former  I'rivilege,  by  not  fending,^-  i„,_ 
'  did  again  begin  ii  ;  which  was  ihe  Cife  of  leveral 
'  Towns,  both  in  this  and  the  fuccccding  Reign  (<;)■' 
This  is  ihe  Reatbn  why  I'o  many  pitiful  Boroughs, 
remarkable  now  for  nothing  belides,  but  their 
Jtleinnefs  and  Poverty,  retain  the  fame  Privilege  I 
and  have  a  Power  of  being  reprefented  equal  to 
the  Counties  and  Ciiies,  and  fuperior  to  many  great 
TouTDS  in  England. 

The  next  Thing  that  we  find  the  Commons  went 
Qpon,  before  ihey  meddled  with  the  Secular  Laws 
of  the  was  to  amend  the  Spiritual ;  for,  on 
ihe  very  fame  Day,  asitfeems  by  ihs 'J ournah/ly  a 
,lfc)tioi]  was  made  in  the  Houfe  to  this  Effed  : 
1;  •  Mr.  Sir.ciknd,  a  grave  and  ancient  Man,  ofj>,i,>teontl; 
j(Rat  Zeal,  (lood  up,  and  made  a  long  Difcourfe,  Abufr^  in  s 
tending  to  the  Rememhrance  of  God's  Goodners,son,  sk. 
Ei»ing  unto  us  the  Light  of  his  Word,  together 
with  the  gracious  Diipofition  of  her  Majefty,  by 
whom,  as  by  his  Inftrument,  God  hith  wrought  fo 
peat  Things,  and  blaming  our  Slacknefs  and  Care- 
lefnefs,  in  not  efteeming  and  following  ihe  Time 
lad  BIcITing offered ;  but,  ftill  as  Men  not  fufficiertly 
inftrufled  what  is  Truth,  or  fo  that  we  think  it  not 
convenient  to  publiiTi  and  profefs  it  openly,  and  that 
ill  reproachful  Speeches  of  the  Slanderous  might  be 
ftopped,  the  Drawbacks  brought  forward,  and  the 
Over-runners,  fuchas  over-run  and  exceed  the  Rule 
ofthc  Law,  leduced  to  a  Certainty,  he  thought  it 
OpirU  pretium,  to  be  occupied  tlierein  ;  for  which 
Purpofe  he  faid,  the  Profcflbrs  of  the  Gofpel  in  other 
Nutions  had  writ,  and  publilhed  to  theWoild,  the 
Confeffion  of  their  Faith,  as  did  ihokoi  Sirasburgb 
ind  Frankfsrt,  l^c.  for  which  Purpofe  alfo  great 
teamed  Men  in  this  Realm  had  travelled,  as  Peter 
Martyr,  Paulus  Fagius,  and  others,  whofe  Works 
hereupon  were  extant. 

'  And  before  this  Time  an  Offer  thereof  was 
made,  in  Parliament,  that  it  might  be  approved  ;  but 
either  the  Slacknefs,  or  fomewhat  elle  of  fome  Men 

I')    C'fTCtl'C  j03II»lii  p.  So  Hid  Ijfit 

IC4    The  Parliamentary  Histokt 

,j„£i;jj(^,^Jn  ihnt  Time,  was  the  Lett  thereof,  or  what  elfe, 
JS71.  hefjjd.hewould  not  fay.  This  Book,  he  laiti,  reli- 
ed in  the  Cuftody  of  Mr  NsrUn,  as  he  guefied,  a 
Man  neither  ill-difpofed  to  Religion,  nor  a  negligent 
Keeper  of  fuch  Matters  ofChaigc,  and  thereupon  _ 
requefted  that  Mr.  Naritin  might  be  requiied  to  pro-  M 
duce  ihefame  ;  he  added  alio,  that  alter  fo  many  B 
Years,  as  now  by  God's  Providence  we  had  been  ^ 
learning  the  Purity  of  God's  Truth,  we  fliould  not 
permit,  for  any  Caufe  of  Policy,  or  olher  Pretence, 
any  Errors  in  Matters  of  Do^rine  to  continue  a- 
mongft  us.  And  therefore,  faid  he,  although  the 
Book  of  Common  Prayer  is  (God  be  praifed)  drawn 
very  near  to  the  Sincerity  of  the  Truth,  yet  are  there 
fomcThings  inferted  morefuperHiiiou.s,  than  in  fo 
high  Matters  be  tolerable  i  as,  namely,  in  the  Ad- 
miniftrationof  the  Sacrament  of  Baptifm,  the  iiign  of 
the  CroCs  to  be  made  -AJih  fome  Ceremonies,  and 
fuch  other  Errors;  all  which,  he  faid,  might  well 
be  changed,  without  Note  of  chopping  or  changing 
of  Religion,  whereby  the  Enemies  mightilander  us; 
it  bsing  a  Reformation  not  contrariantj  but  diredtly 
purfuant  to  our  Profeffion  ;  that  is,  to  have  all 
Things  brought  to  the  Purity  of  the  Primitive 
Church,  and  Inftitution  of  Chrift.  He  fpake  at 
large  of  the  Abufes  of  the  Church  of  England,  and 
Of  the  Churchmen  ;  as  firft,  that  known  Papifts  are 
admitted  to  have  Eccleiiaftical  Government,  and 
great  Livings ;  that  godly,  honeft,  and  learned  Pro- 
teftanis  having  little  or  nothing  ;  that  Boys  are  dif- 
penlcd  with  to  have  Spiritual  Promotions;  that  by 
Friendlhip  with  the  Mailer  of  the  Faculties,  either 
unable  Men  are  qualifiej,  or  fome  one  Man  allowed 
to  have  too  many  feveral  Livings ;  finally,  he  con- 
cluded with  Petition,  that  by  Authority  of  the  Houfc, 
fome  convenient  Number  of  them  might  beaffigned, 
to  have  Conference  with  the  Lords  of  the  Spiritua- 
lity, lor  Confideration  and  Reformation  of  the 
Matters  by  him  remenibred. 

'  Mr.  Norton,  a  Man  wife-,  bold  and  eloquent, 

ftood  op  next,  and  laid,  he  was  not  ignorant,  but  had 

(fiDg  fince  learned  what  it  was  to  i^A  on  a  fudderij 


0/   ENGLAND.       105 

orfitft,  before  Other  Men  in  Parliament.     Yet,  being  Q^^jnEji^^jd,.  .- 

occafioned  by  Mr.  Strickland,  he  laiil,  that  Truth  it 

was,  he  had  a  Boolt  tendbg  to  llie  lame  Effedi  ;  but 

(quoth  he)  the  Book  was  not  drawn  by   thofe    he 

DUned,  bat  by  virtue  of  the  Ait  of  1532  (/"),  at  the 

Affignation,  or  by    the  Advice  of  ei^hi   Biftiops, 

!«gh[  Divines,  eight  Civilians,  and  eight  Temporal 

rlawyers,  who  having  in  Charge,  to  make  Ecclcfiai- 

^Jol  Conftitutions,  look  in  Hand  the  fdme;  which 

wadrawnby  that  learned  Man,  Doflor/iia'i/fl'/.aiid 

pnined  by  another  learned  Man  Mr.  Cheeke;  where- 

Bpon  he  taid,  that  Confideraiionhad  been,  and  fome 

Tiivel  beftowed  by  Mr.  Foxe  of  late,  and  that  there 

Wis  a  Book  newly  printed,  to  be  offered  to  that 

Houfe;    which  he  did,  then  and  there,  prefently 

few  forth.     And   for  the  reft  of  Mr  Strickland's 

Motions,    he  was  of  his  Mind,    chiefly   for  the 

Woiding   and  fuppreifing   of    Simoniacal  IngrolT- 


'  Whereupon  were  appointed  for  that  Purpofe, 
ferRedrefe  of  fundry  Deletions  in  thofe  Matters, 
flielfi  following  ;  viz.  all  the  Privy  -  Council  being 
'Membera  ef  this  Houfe,  Sir  Henry  Nevill,  Sir  Tho- 
mas 'thinnSi  Sir  Tbsmas  Lucy,  Sir  Henry  Gate,  the 
■Milter  of  the  Requefts ;  Mr.  Heneage,  Mr.  Re- 
corder ;  Mr.  Bell,  Mr.  Htnry  Knoltes,  fen.  Mr. 
Maanfin,  Mr.  Narloa,  Mr,  Stritkland,  Mr.  Gadier^ 
Mt,  If^itiam   More,   and    Doftor  Berkley. 

'  The  Bill  concerning  coming  10  the  Church, 
md  receiving  the  Communion,  was  read  the  fecond 
Tinje,  and  thereupon  Sir  Thomas  Smith,  (peaking  fur 
tte  Maintenance  thereof,  argued  ;  and  in  Parr 
■^IJied  the  Bifhops  to  have  ConfiJeraiion  thereof. 

*  After  whom  Mr.  jF/cWifW moved,  that  the  Pe- 
Bdty  of  that  Statute  fbould  not  go  10  Promoters, 
iid  faid,  it  was  a  Device  but  of  laie  brought  in,  in 
lie  Time  of  King  Henry  the  Eighth,  the  hrft  Year 
ifhis  Reign,  and  fhewed  the  Evils  and  Inconveni- 
pces  that  did  grow  by  thefe  Mens  Doings  j  where- 
BHO  Reformation  was  fought,  but  private  Gain  to 
hemoftofMen.  He  laid  alio,  that  Matter  of 


io6  T/je  Tarliamentary  History 

QMenEikabeth.  go'ng  to  the  Church,  or  for  the  Service  of  God» 
1.571.  did  direftly  appertain  to  that  Court ;  and  that  we  all 
have  as  well  learned  this  Leffon,  That  there  is  a  God, 
who  is  to  be  fcrved,  as  to  have  the  Bifhcps.  And 
thereupon  he  undertook  to  prove  by  the  old  Law$« 
vouched  from  King  Edg'ar^  that  the  Princcs>  in  their 
Parliaments,  have  made  EcclefiafticalConftitutions: 
Asthefe;  Thatif  any  Servant  (hall  work  upon  the 
Sabbath-Day,  by  the  Commandment  of  his  Mafter, 
he  (hould  be  free  ;  if  of  himfelf,  he  (hould  be  whip- 
ped ;  if  a  Freeman  (hould  work,  he  {hould  be  boundi 
or  gricvoully  amerced.  Then  he  concluded  upon  Re* 
queft,  that  it  mighr  be  commi  tted  to  fome  of  the  Houfey 
without  the  Bifhops,  who  perhaps  would  be  flow. 

*  Sir  Owen  Hopton  moved,  very  orderly,  that 
the  Prefentation  of  fuch  Defaults  (hould  not  only 
depend  upon  the  Relation  of  the  Churchwardens, 
who  being  for  themoft  part  fimple,  and  mean  Men, 
and  fearing  to  offend,  would  rather  incur  Danger  of 
Perjury,  than  difpleafe  fome  of  their  Neighbours  j 
he  (hewed  for  Proof,  Experience. 

*  On  which  Motions,  Sir  Thomas  Smithy  Sir 
Owen  Hopton^  Sir  Ihomas  Sc$t^  the  Mafter  of  tbe 
Requefts;  Mr.  Serjeant  Manwood,  Mr  Serjcift! 
Geoffrey^  Mr  Fleetwood  and  Mr  Bandsi  weW 
appointed  a  Committee,  to  meet  in  the  Star-Ch»ril- 
ber,  at  two  of  the  Clock  in  the  Afternoon/ 

>if/>r/7thc  7th,  the  Bill  concerning  Religion  #»■ 
read,  and  the  Journaliji  proceeds  to  tell  us,  *  That 
Mr  Strickland  firll  moved,  that  Mr  Norton  might  b^. 
required  to  deliver  fuch  Books,  as  he  had.  Mr  NiUf* 
digate  moved,  that  where  one  of  the  Caufes  for  tlif 
SubJid"-^^*  Calling  of  the  Parliament,  and  perhaps  the  chicfiii 
^'  wasforaSubiidy  5  bethought  it  !K>t  amifs  tomab 

Offer  of  a  Subfidy  before  it  (hould  herequircd^whidl 
Speech  was  not  liked  of  by  the  Houfe. 

*  Sir  Francis  Knolles  made  a  long  needlefs  DK* 
courfe  concerning  the  Subfidy. 

*  Mr.  Bell  faid.  That  a  Subfidy  was,  by  cvcrf 
good  Subjeft,  to  be  yielded  unto  5  but  for  that  tbfl 
People  were  galled  by  two  Means,  it  would  hardtj^ 
be  levied  ;  zyimely,  by  Licences,  and  tbe  Abufe  oi 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         .07 

Promolers;  for  which,  if  Remedy  were  provided, 
then  would  theSubli-ly  be  p.dd  willingly  ;  which  he *^"' 
proved,  for  that  byLicences  a  few  only  were  enriched, 
andihe  Multitude  impciverifhed  i  and  added,  that  if 
a  Burden  (liould  be  laid  on  the  Back  of  the  Com- 
mons, and  no  Redrefs  of  the  common  Evils,  ihen 
there  might  happly  enfue,  that  they  would  lay 
down  the  B'Jrden  in  the  Midft  of  the  Way,  and 
turn  to  the  contrary  of  their  Duty. 

'Mr.  i'o/t/iflw  affirmed  Mr.  5?/rs  Speech,  and 
idded  to  the  former  Abules,  that  of  the  Treafurers 
of  the  Crown  ;  who  having  in  their  Hands  great 
Mall*ES  of  Money,  with  the  which  either  ihey  thctn- 
felvcs  or  fomc  of  theirs,  do  purchafe  Lands  to  Eheir 
own  Ule,  and  after  become  Bankrupts,  and  fo  caufe 
or  praftife  an  Inftallmcnt  of  ihcir  Debts,  as  of  late 
feme  one  hath  inftalled  a  Debt  of  thirty  thoufand 
Pounds :  Which  occafioned  the  Lack  in  the  Prin- 
ces Co  fFers. 

'Mr,  Serjeant  £ow/(;«argued,  that  every  Loyal 
Subject  ought  ro  yield  to  the  Relief  of  the  Prince, 
md  that  without  any  Condition  or  Limitation  j 
Hotwithftanding,  he  did  not  diflike  of  the  former 
Motions  ;  and  ihought  it  very  requifite,  that  thefe 
tnls  might  be  provided  for,  to  the  Ends  afore  fa  id  ; 
onto  the  which  he  added  thiee  Abufes  more  ;  firft, 
4e  Ahufc  of  Purveyors,  wherein  he  had  to  defirc 
*e  Council,  and  the  Mailers  of  the  Houfliold  to 
tonrider  if,  and  to  be  willing  to  yield  to  Reforraali- 
en  ;  and,  in  his  Opinion,  it  (hould  not  be  amifs  to 
tike  away  the  Purvcyois  and  to  limit  every  Coun- 
try 10  a  proportionable  Rate  ;  fo  fliould  her  Majefty 
bebeucr  ferved,  ;!ni  the  Kingdom  eafed.  Secondly, 
The  Reforma.i.;i  of  the  Exchequer,  for  the  Charge 
which  groweth  by  Refpite  of  Homage  ;  which  he 
"■iftied  might  be  paid  on  fome  other  Sort,  in  a  Sum 
Certain.  Thirdly,  Another  Reformation,  which  is 
Upon  a  great  Ahafe  in  the  Exchequer,  by  fending 
out,  upon  every  Fine  levied,  the  Writ  ^o  tiiuk  in- 

i^ijfui  fji. 

'  Mr  Comptroller,  in  few  Words,  faid,  that  he 
being  one  of  the  Mafters  of  the  Houlhold,  would  do 

io8     The  Tarliamentary  HisTORr 

Ok«  El*  b  ih  '''^  Endeavour  for  Reformation  of  all  Things  arifing 
li;"  °   '  by  the  Purveyors. 

*  Mr.  Sampooh,  rometimes  of  Lincohs-Inn,  liked 
well  of  the  Motion  of  the  Subfidy,  and  commended 
the  Motions  of  the  Gentlemen  before  ;  affirming, 
that  they  were  very  neceflary  to  be  thought  of ;  un- 
to which  he  was  to  add  one  more,  &/a.  the  Abufe  of 
Colleflors.  He  (hewed,  that  they  do  retain  their 
Charge  fometimesa  Year,  fometimes  more,  in  their 
own  Hands.  And  for  that  they  are  but  mean  Men, 
appointed  to  that  Office,  they  oft  times  convert  it 
to  their  own  Ufes,  and  are  perhaps  neve;  able  to  fa- 
lisfie  the  fame  ;  whereby  the  People  are  unwilling 
to  pay  ;  For,  if  they  fliould  underftaiid  her  Majefty 
ihouldhaveit  prefently,  they  would  more  willingly 
pay  it ;  and  therefore  wilhed  the  better  Sort  of  eve- 
ry Country  ftioufd  be  affigned  to  that  Charge. 

'  Mr.  Gocdier  faid,  That  every  Man  ought  to. 
yield  to  the  Subfidy,  and  rather  offer  it  than  to  ftajn' 
till  it  fhouid  be  demanded  ;  defiring,  that  theSubfidy 
might  be  prefently,  and  only  go  forward,  without  thei  ! 
Hearing  of  any  more  Complaints:  For  that  ibcp- 
might  be  infinite,  and  already  more  were  reoientot' 
bred,  than  in  one  Parliament  could  be  reformctiJ> 
Wherein  he  Ihewed  a  t;reat  Defire  he  had  to  will/ 
Favour.  u' 

'  A  Committee  was  appointed  to  confider  of  the 
Pioportion  and  Time  of  yielding  fome  Relief  unto*' ^ 
her  Majefty  ;  whofe  Names  being  fet  down  in  the- 
original  "J Burml-Btisk  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons^ 
are  thence  tranreribed,  at  large,  in  Manner  and  F"oriBr 
following :  i 

'  All  ihe  Privv-Counci!  Members  of  this  Houle^  |j 
the  Marter  of  the  Rolls,  Sir  'John  White,  Sir  WMatS 
Dormer,  Sir  Ohrijl'pher  Heydcn,  Mr.  Heneage,  Sirr. 
Robert  Lane,  Six  Henry  Nsrrice,  Sir  George  Blunts 
Sir  Henry  Wefim,  Sir  George  Bowes,  Sir  miBam' 
Pawlet,  Mr.  Edgecomb,  Mr.  Edward  Stanhep,  Mrj 
John  Merflt,  Mr.  Robert  Newdigate,  Mr.  Serjeant 
Lcvekee,  Mr.  Sairitpoo!,  Mr.  Thsma;  Snagge,  Mr^ 
Hall,Mr.  Haffet,  Ux.Gmfior,  Mr.  Sands,  Mr.  Al' 
furd,  Mr.  Bafei,  Mr.  IVdrncmb^  Mr.  George  For-, 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       lop 

«rj,  Mr.  Amje  Pawkt,  Mr.  Hatfield,  Mr.  Gre'ith-  Qukd tinabetfc 
/^W,  Mr.  Bsunton,  Mr.  BelUngham,  to  meet  in  fhe        'i7>. 
Star-Chamber,  on  Monday  next,  at  two  of  the  Clock 
in  the  Afternoon.' 

jfyrlltht  9th,  A  Report  w.-is  made  concerning  the 
Right  of  the  Burgefles ;  and  it  was  ordered,  by  Con- 
fem  of  the  Attorney  General,  that  the  Uurgefles 
Ml  fit  according  to  their  Returns ;  becaufe  the  Va-  1 

iidity  of  the  Charters  of  their  Towns,  ought  to  be  ' 

examined  in  another  Place. 

On  the  lOth,  the  Committee  was  enlarged  on 
the  Religious  Bills,  in  order  to  go  lo  a  Conference  ^'^"^  ^'^ 
with  a  feleft  Number  of  Bifhops  and  Peers.  ThcrivcT  ^™^ 
next  Day  the  Bill  on  fraudulent  Gifts  and  Convey-  * 
ances,  alai  Monopolies,  was  taken  into  Corfiderali- 
cn ;  and  being  ordered  to  be  engrofled,  a  Debate  z- 
lofe,  in  which  Mr.  Flietwood  argued,  '  That  there 
mightappear  Raflinefs  or  Irdilcretion  in  them,  who 
ihDuld  now  reverfe  what  oflate  they  had  done  ;  but 
Wing  to  fpeak  thereof,  he  entered  into  a  good  Dif- 
coutfe  of  the  Prerogative,  which  might  thereby  be 
touched,  if  they  (hould  endeavour  lo  overthrow  her 
Majefty's  Letters  Patents,  to  whom,  by  Law,there 
is  Power  given  to  incorporate  any  Town,  and  fhe 
isfwom  to  preferve  her  Prerogative:  He  vouched 
the  Clerk  of  the  Parliimenl's  Hook  to  be,  that  no 
Man  might  talk  of  the  Statute  of  Wills,  i^c,  but 
that  the  King  firft  gave  Licence ;  for  that  his  Pre- 
rogative in  the  Wards  was  hereby  touched.  He 
Iliewed  likewife  the  Statute  of  Ed.  i.  Ed.-^.  and 
Htn.  4.  with  a  Saving  of  the  Prerogative.  In  King 
Edtvardtht  Sixth's  Time,  Licence  was  fued  for  to 
the  Lord  Protestor,  to  talk  of  Matters  of  Prerogi- 
lire,  he  rememhred  the  Book  of  2  Ed.  6.  for  the  Par- 
fiament  o(  Ireland,  calleJ  by  the  Chief  Judge,  as  is 
for  him  hwful ;  where  it  was  queftioned,  what  by 
Parliament  might  be  done?  whetherthey  might  de- 
part with  any  of  the  King's  Towns,  Funs  or  Piers  ? 
Jt  was  agreed  they  might  not ;  and  fo  he  concluded, 
that  to  talk  thereof  (for  as  much  as  her  Majcity's 
LettersPatents,  and  Prerogative  were  touched)  Sege 
tisn  (onfiiltOf  was  pctillous.  He  alfo  made  mention 

no  The  Tar/iamentary  Hi  ST  OKY 
QMoiEliMbcth.  of  the  Statute,  which  authoHzeih  all    Merchants  to 
1S7I.       '  iraffick  by  Sea,  Nifi  publucprokibentur  ;   he  faith,  O- 
ihers  were  prohibited, 

«  Mr.Hiaw^,  ofSf//W,in  theBehalf  oftheCom- 
mons,  reafoned  to  this  Effeft;  Firft,  flicwed  ihe 
Lois  10  the  Qufen  of  Wr  Cuftom,  ihen  the  private 
Monopoly  wrought  and  occafioned  by  the  Mer- 
chauts,  the  Controverfies  which  haveenfued  by  this 
Means  amotigft  ihem,  and  the  fubtile  Means  where- 
by theSotute  was  procured,  without  the  Confent 
of  the  Maior  or  Commons,  by  fuch  as  were  put  in 

'  Mr.  v^^ar(/raid,Thathe  might  not  Ipeakofthe 
Prerogative  aptly,  for  that  he  was  nor  learned  in 
the  Law  ;  but  made  fome  Remembrance  of  what 
he  had  there  feen,  concerning  the  Adt  of  Parliament 
ioT  Southampton  ;  where  it  appeareth,  that  without 
an  Ad  of  Parliament,  her  Majelty's  Letters  Patents 
were  not  fufficicnt ;  and  therefore  he  prayed  conve- 
nient Confideralion  might  be,  and  that  the  fame  fif 
it  ftiould  fo  fecm  good  to  the  HoufeJ  might  be 
conjoined  to  the  former  and  other  Bills,  if!c. 

'  Then  fpake  Mr.  Cleere,  Sir  Francis  Knolles,  Sir 
Nicholas  Arnold,  Sir  Henry  Nerrii,  and  Mr.  Chrifto' 
pher  Ytlverton,  o^  Gray'' '.-Inn,  (everally  to  ihe  feid 
Bill  ;  Whofe  Speeches  being  fomewhat  imperfeiSly 
and  uncertainty  fet  down,  are  therefore  omitted  j 
although  from  them,  and  the  Relidue  foregoing,  the 
EfFeft  of  this  Bill  may  be  colleflcd  to  have  been  for 
the  Dillbluiion  of  certain  Companies  of  Merchants 
in  Brijiol,  whom  her  Majefty  had  incorporated  by 
her  Letters  Patents,  and  authorized  them  to  trade 
to  certain  Places,  by  which  it  was  pretended  that 
the  publickand  free  Trading  of  others  was  reftrain- 
ed  ;  and  at  laft  upon  the  Motion  of  Mr.  Fleetwosd, 
That  the  Bill  being  of  great  Weight,  might  be  fur- 
ther con  fidered  of  by  the  Houfe,  and  the 
tees  be  appointed  at  fome  other  Time ;  it  was  there- 
upon ordered.  That  they  fhould  be  appointed  on  the 
Uay  following,  which  was  done  accordingly.' 
f^^'^x  CT^'g  The  fame  Day  was  read,  but  not  mentioned  in  the 
wGhuith.      '  original  Journali,  a  Bill  for  coming  to  the  Service  of 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        m 

the  Church,  which  feems   to  he  a  Matter  of  greai  QuHnEIitabtth, 
'Moment,  by  the  following  Debate  about  it.  'jyi. 

'  Mr.  Snagg  (hewed,  at  large,  the  Inconvenien- 
ces of  the  o!d  Law,  for  coming  to  Service :  For, 
faid  he,  by  the  former  Law  it  was  enafled,  That 
the  Service  fliall  not  be  faid,  or  Sacraments  mini- 
ftred,  in  other  Sort  than  in  the  IJoolt  of  Common- 
Ptayer  is  prefcribed ;  he  (hewed,  how  differently  the 
fame  was  u fed  in  many  Places,  fiom  (he  prefcribed 
Eule ;  as  where  no  Part  of  thofe  Prayers  were  ob- 
ftrved,  but  a  Sermon,  and  fome  fuch  other  Prayers 
only  as  the  Minifter  (hall  think  good,  in  Place  there- 
of: Whereupon  have  great  Divifions,  Dilcords  and 
Didikcs  grown  amongfl:  and  beiween  great  Num- 
bers. And  lince  it  is  Law,  thai  in  this  Sort  Service 
flial!  be  ufed,  and  thac  whofoever  fhall  be  at  any  o- 
thcrFotm  of  Service,  (hall  incur  the  Penalty  pre- 
fcribed, and  that  the  Minifters  neither  do,  nor  will 
do  herein,  as  they  fliould,  and  as  is  by  the  Law  pre- 
fcribed and  commanded.  He  thought  the  Proceed- 
ings, in  this  Kind,  (hould  occifion  a  Dilemma  in 
Mifthief:  For,  by  this  Law,  if  he  come  nor,  he 
ftil!  lofe  Twelvepence  ;  and  if  he  come  and  be  pre- 
fent,  and  the  Service  be  notfaid  according  to  the  pre- 
frrilDed  Rule  of  the  Book,  he  fhall  lofe  a  hundred 
'    Marks. 

Mr.  Jglionhy,  Burgefs  of  the  Town  ot  Warwick^ 
moved,  the  Law  might  be  without  Exception  or 
Priviledge  for  any  Gentleman  in  their  private  Ora- 
tories. This  did  he  prove  to  he  fit  out  of  Plata  his 
Laws,  and  Cuero,  both  prcfcrihing  for  the  Obferva- 
tron  of  the  Law  an  Equality  between  the  Prince 
and  the  poor  Man;  not  giving  Scope  to  the  one  a-  ■ 
bove the  other.  Alfo  he  reniembrej  the  Authority 
of  LaElanthu  Firmianus^  making  this  only  Differ- 
encebetwixt  Man  and  Be.iff,  that  all  Men  do  know 
ind  acknowlodge  that  thtre  is  a  God  ;  and  in  this 
Refpcdt  there  fhould  be  no  Difference  between 
Man  and  Man.  Wuhal,  he  f;iid,  the  more  noble 
the  Man,  the  more  Good  his  Example  may  do. 
JHc  theiefore  concluded,  that  for  fo  much  of  the 

'im   T/je  'Parliamentary  Histort 

QaeenEtiubeth.  Law,  fo  the  Tame  might  be  general,  he  was  of  gooffl 


'ST'-  liking  ihat  it  (houldpafa.  But,  for  the  other  Matter,' 
concerning  the  Receiving  of  the  Communion,  he 
argued.  That  it  was  not  conveniEnt  lo  infoice  Con- 
fciences.  And,  to  that  Purpofe,  he  fliewed  the  Au- 
thority of  Doi^ors  ;  which  he  voiithed,  without 
quoting  the  Place  ot  Sentence.  He  faid  alfo,  That 
It  was  the  Opinion  of  Fathers,  and  learned  Men 
of  ibis  Land  ;  and  therefore  wiflied  they  migl."  be 
confuited  with.  Finally,  he  concluded,  that  Bona 
Legei  }  tnaiis  moribus  proveniunt :  But  no  good  Laws 
can  makes  bad  Man  fit  to  receive  that  great  My - 
ftery  of  God  above.  This  whole  Speech  he  tem- 
pered with  fach  Difcretion,  as  in  fuch  Cafe  was 
feemly.  And  whatfoever  he  fpake,  he  fpake  the 
fame  under  Correftion, 

'  Mr.  Strickland,  (landing  up,  firft  prayed  he 
might  be  excufed,  for  that  he  was  to  fpeak  on  a 
fudden,  and  unprovided.  For  the  firft,  he  approv- 
ed what  Mr.  Ag&onby  had  faid  :  For  the  Second* 
he  faid,  he  could  not  be  of  that  Mind ;  and  he 
vouched,  out  o(  Efdras,  that  the  Church,  yea,  and 
the  Conlciences  of  Men,  were,  by  the  Prophet, 
reftrained ;  iviihal,  he  faid,  Confcience  might 
be  free,  but  not  to  diilurb  the  Common  Quiet. 
He  Ihewed  the  Praftice  and  Doings  of  the  People, 
the  Banifhment  of  the  4rian!,  (^c.  That  the 
Word  of  the  Prince,  foi  Lack  of  Law,  muft  not 
be  tied.  The  Ifraelites,  he  faid,  were  con- 
ftrained  to  eat  the  FafTover.  And,  finally,  he  conr 
eluded,  That  it  was  no  Straitning  of  their  Confci- 
ences,  but  a  Charge  or  Lofs  o.  their  Goods,  if  they 
could  not  vouchfafe  to  be,  as  they  fhould  be,  good 
Men,  and  true  Chrllli.ins. 

'  Mr.  Doiton  reafoned  to  this  EfFedt,  Thai  there 
could  enfue  no  Inconvenience  by  ihofe  two  Laws, 
which  were  intended  to  be  contrary.  His  Reafoa 
Was,  except  the  Service  be  according  to  the  Law* 
no  Man  isbound  to  liay  there  ;  no  more  than  ifhe 
be  bound  to  come  and  hear  Service,  and  there  be  no 
Service,  he  is  to  forfeit  his  Bond. 

'  Fo| 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        113 

'For  Anfwer  to  Mr.  Aglianby,  he  faid,  TheQi,„nEli«titti 
iMatttfs  of  Confcicnce  did  not  concern  the  Law-  ^s?'. 
I  makers ;  neither  were  they  to  regard  the  Error,  Cu- 
[  rioJil)',  orStiffhetkednels  of  the  evil,  ignorant,  or 
I  froward  Perfons.  For  be  it  ihey  did  proceed  order- 
l]/  lo  the  Difcha:^  of  their  own  Confciencea,  in 
iking  tbe  Law,  let  them  care  for  the  reft  whom  it 
boveih.  He  was  of  Mind  ihat  Gentlemen  Oiould 
i.  be  excepted,  for  the  Caufes  aforefaid  ;  but,  he 
■fHhed  Provifion  oiight  be  made  for  fuch  as  be  im- 
rprifoned,  or  cannot  come  for  fear  of  Arrefts.  He 
I  fi(hed  atfo,  that  the  Law  might  h:ive  Continuance 
I  butallthe  End  of  the  ne;rt  Parliament.' 

^il\^&  i2th,  when  the  Bill,  and  the  Additions 
I  toil,  tliat  certain  Offences  fliuuld  be  madeTreafon, 
I  Wsread,  a  Deb-ite  arofe,  in  which,  Mr.  GBudier^ 
\  with  fome  Shew  of  former  Care  for  that  Caufe,  en- 
l  [red  into  the  Utterance  of  a  long  Speech,  and  fpake 
;  to  ihis  EffLft :  Firft,  '  He  madeafolemn  Protefta- 
lion  of  his  Sincerity,  Truth  and  Loyalty  to  her  Ma- 
.pfty,  to  the  Stale,  and  to  the  Houfe.  Then  hC 
ijiewed  many  lingular  and  tiue  Bledings,  which  we 
Jwfe  by  her  Highiiels's  Means,  and  religioufly  pray- 
ed for  her  Prefervation  ;  bur,  his  whole  Difcourfc 
flood  upon  thefe  three  Points,  What  he  thought  of 
the  Perfons  there  aflcmbled  ;  What  he  difliked  in 
the  Matter  of  the  iiili  propounded ;  and  why  he 
did  fo. 

*  Of  the  Perfons,  he  faid,  he  heartily  believed  the 
whole  Company  in  Truth  and  true  Meaninii  to  have 
a  Care  and  hearty  Wdlwilhing  for  her  Majefty's 
Safety,  aiknowjedging  and  re|.x>ling  in  her  the  very 
Anchor  of  our  Safety ;  but,  whether  all  were  with  a 
fincere  Meaning  to  the  State  of  the  Crown,  he 
knew  not  i  but  rather  thounht  the  cle^n  contrary  : 
But  yet  of  the  moft  and  moft  honourable  he  thought 
nothing  amifs,  but  fome  furely,  he  faiJ,  weredoubly 
difpofed,  and  with  a  iavour^tile  Affcciion  bent  for 
Jome  Ipecial  Body. 

•  Yai  the  SutiiLince  of  the  firft  Bill,  he  faid,  he 
Was  of  clear  Mind,  well-!ik;ng,  and  approvmg  [he 
whole  Courfe  thereof ;  except,  quoth  he,  that  tlw 

Vol.  IV.  H  fame 

1 14    The  Parliamentary  History 

QiiMnElliabeth.*^^"'^  be  not  already,  by  former  Laws  provided  for  j 
1571.  and  hereunto  he  further  added,  that  if  any  Mau 
Ihould  fay.  That  the  Fapiftsdo  not  err  in  faying  or 
fpeaking  fo  flanderoufly  of  her  Majefty,  ihe  fame  to 
be  taken  alfo  as  Treafon.-  For  the  Additions  which 
concerned  the  firft  which  did  clearly  refpe^  the 
Time  paft,  as  to  make  Treafon  of  a  Fault  already 
committed,  which  at  the  Time  of  the  perpetrating 
of  the  fame  Offence,  was  not  in  the  fame  Degree ; 
it  was  a  Precedent  moft  perilous,  which  might  occa- 
lion  fuch  and  fo  great  Evils,  as  eafily  might  not  be 
conceived.  Of  prefent  Time,  Man's  Wifdota 
mighcjudge  ;  future  Times  Man's  Policy  may  reach 
to  :  But  to  call  again  theTimepaft,ortoraife  what 
is  dead  in  any  Kind,  Man  may  not ;  nor,  in  Rea- 
fon,  is  it  to  be  ptefumed.  The  like,  he  faid,  had 
not  been  feen  ;  and  where  he  hath  read  thoufands  of 
Laws,  yet  did  he  never  find  fuch  a  Precedent.  Aa 
Extremity  rare,  and  never  praftifed,  no  not  intheie 
the  greateft  Matters  of  Faiih  and  Religion,  that  we 
do  now  fo  earnetHy  treat  of. 

*  The  Enemy  to  God  and  our  Stale  (the  Papifis 
I  man)  is  moft  hateful.  Yet  is  no  Man  lo  hardlf 
bent,  as  to  have  them  puniflicd,  much  lefs  to  fuSer 
Death,  for  what  is  paR.  Whether  her  Majeftj 
liath  pardoned  what  is  paft,  we  do  not  know,  and 
whether  herHighnefs's  Pleafure  beihat  it  fhouldbc 
talked  of,  no  Man  yet  hath  made  a  Report.  With* 
al,  it  may  hapiy  occaiion  Dlflike  between  her 
Majefty  and  the  Houfe,  which  were  odious  and  hate* 
ful  i  but  doubilefs,  he  prophefied  it  would  occafioa 
Peril,  fuch  and  lu  great,   that  the  greateft  Speakers 

y  therein,  yea  thofe  who  fhould  give  them  moft  and 

beft  Words,  could  give  no  Warranties.  Neither  i» 
it  that  the  Sequel  thereof  might  be  warranted  for 
the  R  ght  of  a  Crown,  which  Words  may  not  be 
ftrainedor  ftraitncd, 

*  Thus  much  confidered,  and  the  Prince  beii^ 
herein  not  as  yet  .determined,  heiherelore  adviled, 
and  more  than  fo  by  Words  of  Vehemency  urged 
Stay.  He  farther  faid,  that  the  Pennitigof  the  iirft 
Article  of  Ihe  Additions  was  clouded  and  involved 


0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       115 

withfecret  Underflandiugs,  not  to  be  underllood  but  q^ 
t>7  fuch  as  more  curioully  could,  and  more  cunning- 
would,  look  thereinto  than  he.  For  Matters  of 
Title  of  the  Crown,  hefaid,  he  neither  knew  any, 
"  If  durft  to  intermeddle  cir  take  Knowledge  of  any  i 
,  d  concluding,  /le  r,.id,  ihat  for  Obicurity  of  the 
Senfe,  he  niuft  needs  condemn  the  fame,  fince  that 
Ftritas  eft  nuda,fimpUx  W  plana, 

'  Sir  Ihomai  Smith,  her  Majefty's  principal  Se- 
cretary, neither  condemning  nor  apptoving  of  what 
had  before  been  fpoken  by  Mr.  Gusdier,  made  men- 
ifaii,  That  the  Bill  might  be  divided,  left  the  one 
In^tbe  the  Hindrance  of  the  other. 

'  Mr.  Norton,  in  hisaccuftomed  Manner  of  natu- 
ral Eloquence,     firft    fiiewed  that  the  A0embly 
(bould  be  free  of  Speech,  fo  that  the  fame  did  not  ex- 
ceed the  Bounds  of  Loyally;   and  as  in  Speech  free, 
fc  ought  it  alfo  to  be  free  of  unjuft  Slanders,  and  un- 
deferved  Reproaches.     For  fo  much  as  might  con- 
cern bim,  he  protefted  that  he  neither  thought,  nor 
meant  any  other  Title  than  the  fole  Prefervation  of 
herMajefty  ;  and  to  this  End  was  heand  the  whole 
Houfe  fas  he  fuppofed)  fettled  and  bent ;  fhe  being 
of  this  Realm,  not  only  in  refpefl  of  our  Goods  and 
Lives  the  fingular  Stay,  but  for  Truth  and  Religion, 
JM  of  all  Chriflendom  not  Magna,  but   in  all  the 
World  Speciofa.     And  lince  that  Confultation  is  no 
ttierihan  Canluhare  in  Commune,  he  was  as  well  to 
"       c  the  Surmife  of  Ambiguity,  as  the   Slander 
of  any  Doublenefs  in  him  ;  the  Words,  quoth 
are  plain,  theie  and  no  other ;  that  whatfoevcr 
■  n,  during  the  Life  of  her  Majefty,  hathorfliall 
ne,  intend,   or  go  about,   the  Depoling,  (Se. 
and  their  Heirs  to  be  barred  of  any  Title. 
And,  faiih  he,  where  Ambition  hath  once  en- 
.J,  fuch  is  the  Nature  of  the  fame,  that  never  it 
iibe  fatisfied:  And-lbe  Thirft  fora  Kingdom  is 
uetichablc.     Withal,  incommon  Experiencewe 
that  between  two,  for  a  fmall  Matter  in  Suit, 
fliali  pafs  againlt  the  one,  though  b/  perfect 
,et  will  he   who  lofeth  never  acknowledge 
;  had  ei;her  offered,   or  defended  an  Injury. 
H2  H« 

1 16     TheT arliamentary  History 

QgcenEliubeth.  He  faid.  For  worliing  of  ^rcai  Matters,  great  Time 
'S71-  js  [cqviiied  ;  and  fucli  a  Mifchief,  as  lo  uverihrow  a 
Crown,  is  not  in  a  Day  conipafled  i  and  therefore 
what  hereafter  is  thought,  or  meant  Co  be  executed, 
is  already  begun,  compailed  and  devi.'ed.  Time 
muft  thi^rcfore  be  taken,  and  therefore  in  Time,  and 
at  all  Times,  it  is  to  be  prevented. 

'  Wbereit  isfaid,  Tiie  like  hath  not  been  fecn, 
and  a  Miracle  made  of  it,  asif  there  were  never  for- 
mer Precedents  ever  feen  of  the  like,  or  erer  heard 
of  before.  It  is  no  longer  fincc  than  in  Queen  Ma- 
ry's  Time,  when  to  the  Parliament  it  was  fuggefled, 
that  the  Congregations  in  the  City  of  Lonikn  af- 
frmbled,  did  life  this  Kind  of  Prayer  to  God,  either 
to  convert  her,  or  confound  her.  Whereupon  it 
was  enacted.  That  every  Ferfon  whofo,  and  in  fuch 
Sort,  had  prayed,  or  who  fo  after  flioulj  pray,  ihould 
be  taken  for  a  Traitor.  The  Cafe  of  Bennit  Smith 
is  not  fo  ftrange,  nor  fo  long  fince,  but  it  may  be  re- 
membred  ;  his  Tr;infgreflion  was  not  fuch,  nor  lb 
'  to  beadjudged  at  iheTimeof  the  Offence  perpetra- 

ted, as  it  was  afterwards  ;  jetby  Auihorityof  Par- 
liament the  Offence  precedent  was  from  the  old 
Nature  ahered  ;  and  he,  who  before  at  iheTiire  of 
the  Offence,  until  the  making  of  the  Law,  was  not 
to  be  privileged  but  by  his  Clergy,  was  now  by  an 
Adt  maiiealterjby  Judgment  executed.  And  fincc 
in  the  C.ife  ofa  private  Man,  as  was  ibis  oi  Benmt 
Smith,  luch  Confideralion,  and  luch  good  DifcretioQ 
was  ufed,  who  can  imagine  it  to  be  odious  ?  Nay,  ■ 
who  is  it,  that  would  not  the  like  or  greater  Care  to 
be  had  ofa  Prince,  and  efpecially  of  fo  good  and 
virtLOus  a  Prince,  as  fhe,  of  whom  cur  Conference 
is  now  ?  But  yet  we  are  climgid  with  partial  Af- 
fedipn,  unfettkd  Minds,  and  Doubienefs.  Whe- 
ther this  Speech  now  be  an  Offence  to  the  Houfe, 
he  earneftly  craved  the  Judgment  of  the  Houfe. 
For  ihat  it  might  feem  by  the  Genileman's  Eatneft- 
neis  who.  fpake,  that  fomc  one  his  Friends,  whom 
he  was  bent  Co  ferve,  would  be  touched.  Where- 
upon, ior  his  own  Part,  he  eft- loons  protefted,  he 
had  no  certain  Refolution  vi  Uh  himfelf  of  any  Title, 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     ii'^ 

biif  Was  to  be  fatisfied  with  theConfert  of  that  Af-QjeenEliiabttli, 

ftmhly  ;  howfoever,  adding  further,  if  his  Motions        tsji- 

might  (o  fort,  as  they  were  liked,  he  offered  this  Pro- 

vifo  to  be  added.  That  if  any  fuch  Perfor,,who 

■mideany  fuch  Claim,  (hall  difclaim  and  renounce 

ili  Title  during  her  Highnefs's  Life,  the  b'.ne  Per- 

Ibrt,  yi-.  to  be  then  reitored  to  the  old  Eftate. 

*  Mr.  Comptroller,  after  feme  Declaration  of 
Grief,  perceiving  the  Matter  grow  to  Heat,  as  verily 
ftegreateft  Number  of  the  Houfe  were  more  than 
Boved  with  Mr  Goodier'a  Speech,  and  that  Men 
Wre  difpofed  to  talk  a;  laige  of  Matters  contruy  ot 
repugnant  lo  the  Bill,  moved  that  it  might  be  feve- 
ftd  }  becaufe  ihe  firft  Part  came  in,  and  was  exhibi- 
ted to  that  Houfe  by  her  M.ijefty's  learnt^  Council  ; 
the  other  was  but  the  Advice  of  a  priv:ite  M^n  ; 
which  Advice,  though  it  juftlydeferved  Commend.i- 
tJDii,  yet  was  it  not,  in  his  Fancy,  to  be  joined  with 
detwhich  came  in  uiher^ort. 

'  Mr.  Sna^^ -irgued  to  thlsEfFefl,  That  in  mak- 
ing of  Laws,  Plainnefs  of  Speech  Hiould  be  u("<-d,  all 
Intrapments  to  be  fhunned  and  avoided.  And  here 
lie  moved,  why  the  Statute  of  Edw.  j.  whereby  it 
B  enadted.  That  all  fuch,  who  fhall  endeavour,  Com- 
paq or  imagine  the  Death  of  the  King,  i^c.  fhould 
be  Traitors,  fffir.  fliouUnotbefaid  fufficient,  re.ich- 
ingasfar,  and  comprehending  as  much,  as  this  larteF 
Advice.  For  the  Regard  of  the  Time  part,  he  r.iid, 
■fce  could  have  no  good  liking  thereof, .  nd  what  was 
'fraitifed  in  Queen  Maiy's  Time  (under  Correfli- 
on)  he  took  to  be  no  charitable  Precedent ;  concer- 
ning the  Authority  of  the  Parliament,  he  did  con- 
clude nothing,  but  faid  it  was  a  Prevention, 

'  Sir  Frauds  Knolles  (hewe.-i,  That  he  could  not  . 
utterly  diflike  the  conjoining  of  the  Additions,  fith 
that  they  rife  all  of  one  Ground,  and  that  they  both 
are  good  and  charitable  ;  whereof  he  acknowledged 
her  Highnefs  to  have  InteiligL-nce,  and  the  Caufc 
already  to  have  been  in  Conference  by  her  Counfel. 
And  for  the  Word  {bath)  he  faith  it  contained  no 
fuch  Abfurdity,  but  with  good  /eai  it  might  be 
maintained.  And  therefore  fuch  VeheUiency  and 
H  3  Sharp- 

1 18     7he  Parliamentary  History 

QwBnEliHbet!i.^'^^''f"^'^5°f  Speech,  he  faid,  was  more  than  requi- 
'  ■  IS7''  Jits,  yea  more  than  convenient.  And  as  for  the 
Obfcurity,  he  faid,  of  Men  that  would  mean  well, 
it  could  rot  be  mifconftriied ;  and  to  ftay  or  pre- 
vent Devices  paft,  he  thought  it  but  honeft  Pohcy,* 
which  being  oiherwife  uled  in  a  Prince's  Cafe,  is  not 
tobediiliked.  He  remembred  her  Highnefs's  Un- 
willingnefs  to  punifli  fuch  Offences,  and  therefore 
though  the  Law  be  fharp,  yet  fuch  is  her  Mildnefs, 
that  if  any  have  offended  for  fo  much  as  maycon- 
cernher  Perfon,  furely  he  thought  it  would  not  be 
executed  ;  and  her  Clemency  tempered  with  Au- 
thority could  never  grow  to  Cruelty,  wherein  what 
hisConfcience  was,  he  thought  not  fit  to  make  fur- 
ther Shew  thereof ;  but  fimply  and  plainly  he  would 
deal  herein,  not  meaning  to  treat  in  fuch  Sortvas 
if  he  thought  to  deferve  Thanks,  or  any  Thing  of 
her  Majefty ;  for  what  he  did,  he  did  it  alio  as  mind- 
ful of  his  own  Safety. 

'  Another  fpake  (whofe  Name  is  not  exprefled 
in  the  aforefaid  anonymous  JournalJ  ftiewing  the 
Weight  of  the  Matter,  which  was  then  in  Hand, 
to  rell  as  well  on  the  general  Safety  of  the  Subjc<fl, 
as  on  the  Prefervation  of  her  Majefty's  Perfon;  and 
therefore  he  could  not  but  approve  the  Effe£t  of  the 
whole,  both  in  Bill  and  Addition  ;  albeit  for  the 
Pains  in  the  Bill  he  was  Ibmewhat  variant  from  that 
which  was  there  offered,  aivl  in- the  Underftanding 
of  fome  Words  he  was  doubtful ;  as  for  the  Word 
Cutnpajfing-,  he  made  fome  Quellion  ;  of  this,  A?!^/^ 
Hurt,  he  had  no  perfefl  ]iiteI1ig,ence,  fince  the  Hurt 
of  Body  may  grow  by  Grief  of  Mind,  and  Grief  of 
Mind  perhaps  by  fmall  Caufe.  He  alfo  laid,  that 
faving  in  the  Statuie  of  27  H.  8.  he  hath  nor  read 
It.  But  further,  he  faid,  thai  he  that  would  not  al- 
low her  for  Jawful  Queen,  in  his  Conceit,  {houM 
alfo  be  called  a  Traitor  j  but  for  the  Ipeakingof 
thofe  moft  Handerous  Words  of  Heretick,  Infidel, 
Schifmatic,  he  would  not  any  Man  to  be  for  the 
fitft  Offence  lakcn  as  a  Traitor;  for  that  the  not 
acknowle.^gingofthe  Supremacy,  being  a  far  greater 
Offence,  isbut  thePain  of  f  r^wunjr^.  And  there- 
^ "  fore. 

ENGLAND.        119 

fore,  exc^t  the  fame  Offence  alfo  might  be  madegujt, 
Treafon.  he  could  not  like  thereof.     Butif  iiiliould        i 
Ibfem  to  them  good,  ihac  it  (hould  be  as  he  indeed 
wifiied,  then  was  he  well  pleafed  to  putlhem  both 
Id  one  Predicament.       ^: 

'  And  for  the  Word  Hereth,  he  (aid,  that  the 
Papills  all,  of  Force  muft  be  forced  to  fay.  Her  Ma- 
jeftyisone  ;  or  that  they  themrelv:s  muft  be  con- 
ient  to  carry  the  Name,  and  to  be  noted  Nomine^  as 
they  are  Re  et  Veritate  Heretics,  which  Name  ihey 
willingly  will  not  bear.     He  further  laid,  that  with 
tie  reft  of  thofc   Words  of  Slander,  he  thcuglit  it 
(night  do  well  to  infert  the  Name  Papifi.     That  if 
m;  Man  ihould  fay  her  Majcfty  to  bean   Infidel, 
P'pift,  or  Heretic,  i^c.  to  bs  a  Traytor ;  for  that 
hmefay,  there  are  in  thefe  Days  that  do  not  Tpare 
to  fay.  Her  M.ijefty  is  of  another  Religion  than  is 
publihed  J  that  it  is  ihe  fole  Doing  of  the  Counfel- 
ion,  whereby,  the  Doflritie  (in  Sort  as  it  hj  is  thus 
publiflied,  and  not  her's.     He  alfo  added,  that  hia 
ffifli-was,  thai  no  Man  mighr  be  attainted  of  thefe 
Words,  except  ihe  Speech  or  Publication  might  be 
teftified  by  two  Witnefles.     For  the  Additions,  he 
ftid,  AiTurcdly  they  might  not  be  fevered  from  the 
Gift  Bill,  not  only  as  they  are  Matters  materially  de- 
pending on  the  firft,   but  ftretching  fo  far  to  the 
Maintenance  of  the  firft,  that  without  them  the  firft 
may  feem  to  be  nothing.     For,  faid  he,  there  can  be 
no  Remedy  provided,  except  the  Caufe  of  the  Grief 
be  blown,  and  the  fame  Catife  removed  ;  where- 
in the  Rebels  of  the  North  gave  clear  Experiment : 
For  doubtlefs,  when  they  pretended  Reformation  of 
Religion,  they  thought  to  rend  up  the  Ground,  anii 
fobvert  the  Stay  thereof,  which  was  her  Majefty's 
Perlbn  j  and  by  them  he  wiflied  us  to  learn  at  laft, 
and  to  wax  wifer.     He  faid,  the  Court  of  Chancery 
will  ftraitly  decree  for  faving  and  quiet  keeping  of  a 
ttaiet  PoffeHion,   often  looking  to  ordering  Things 
before  paft,  and  fliall  not  the  Court  of  Parliament 
io  '""•  Hke  for  the  Title  of  the  Crown  ?     And  the 
ancient  Laws  of  the  Realm  (hefaid)  do  maintain  the 
fame,  as  long  before  the  35  i^  8  the  Stat.  5  £,  3. 

lao    The  'Parliamentary  History 

J,  jn  fuch  like  Cafes  hath  ordained,  that  the  Heir  of  the 
Father's  Offence  (hall  be  punifhed  j  totijult  hcum 

'  Mr.  Meunfin  faid.  It  were  horrible  to  fay,  that 
'the  Parliament  hath  no  Authority  to  determine  of 
the  Crown  ;  for  then  would  enlue,  not  only  the  an- 
nihilating of  the  Statute  35  H.  8.  hut  that  the  Sta- 
tute made  in  the  firlt  Year  of  her  Majefty's  Reign, 
of  Recc^nition,  fhould  alfo  be  laid  void  ;  a  Matter 
containing  a  greaier  Coniequence  than  is  convenient  r 

'  Mr.  He'!e(ig€  moved  the  Houfe  to  this  Effet^,  ..^ 
that  either  the  Bill  for  Addition  fhould  be  fevered,^™ 
or  both  to  be  referred  to  the  Q^jeen's  learned  Coun — 
fel,  to  conliiier  of  the  Conveniency  thereof ;  ant^ 
then  by  them  to  be  exhibited,  £?V-  but  of  his  Opim — 
on  he  yielded  no  further  Reafgn. 

*  Mr.  Long,  a  young  Gentleman,  would  hav^s 
proved  the  Word  l^have)  and  a  Regard  of  the  Tim^^ 
paft,  not  to  be  amift,  for  that  at  the  Time  of  ih^ 
Offence  the  Malice  of  the  Offender  was  as  great  as 
it  is  at  this  prefent. 

'  Mr.  Fieetivsod  endesvci]red  to  prove  the  over- 
charging Of  the  Bill  wiih  larger  Words  than  were 
convenient,  and  more  Provilbes  than  were  to  the 
Purpofe,  to  have  been  the  Overthrow  of  that  which 
was  truly  meant ;  wherein  the  cunning  Adverfary, 
■when  he  kiiowcth  not  how  lo  fubvert  direiftly,  will 
by  this  Mejtis  ealily  and  fubtilly  infert  more,  pre- 
tending a  Face  of  more  Forwardnefs  than  the  reil, 
when  indeed  his  Heart  is  bent  10  the  Hindrance  of 
ihewhiile.  For  Proof  and  Experience  hereof,  he 
remembred  the  cunning  Prelates  in  Henry  the 
Fourth's  Time,  and  afterxvards  in  Edzvard  the 
Fourth's  Time,  when  King  Edward  required  the 
SupprLfling  of  all  fiich  Abbies,  as  King  H.  6.  had 
erefted.  To  hinder  this,  contrary  to  the  King's 
Meaning,  feme  would  reeds  add  the  Colleges  in 
Cambridge  which  by  him  were  alfo  founded  ;  to 
which,  whci;  by  no  Means  the  Houle  could  be  in- 
duced,as  velhhelntentof  the  firfl,  as  of  the  lalt, 
^as  fuhvcrttd. 

i  The 


Of   ENGLAND.       iii 

'  The  like  he  remembred  alio  of  the  fetondOa"' 
Year  of  of  H,  7.  in  matter  of  Treafon,  which  all 
Men  would  have  yielded  unto ;  the  counierfeit 
Piiend  heaped  in,  to  give  the  King  free  Liberty  of 
"  KeHitutioTi  to  whom  he  would,  of  all,  both  Goods 
and  Pofleflions,  whereof  the  Inconveniency  being 
ften,  Stay  wm  made  of  the  whole.  So  chat,  what 
Meo  may  not  do  direfljy,  with  Face  of  further 
friendfliip  they  do  covertly.  He  concluded  there- 
fore, it  were  well,  and  moft  fafc,  to  make  two  Bills, 
ind  to  be  referred  to  the  Queen's  learned  Counlcl, 
A  Mr.  Htniagt  had  well  divided. 

*  Mr.  Serjeant  Manu-ood,  firft  anfwering  the 
Meaning  of  the  Words  [bodily  Hurt)  faid,  It  muft 
lie  intended  when  Violence  and  Force  is  done  or  of- 

.fered  to  the  Body,  and  not  otherwife,  or  clfewherc, 
'And  whether  the  Words  of  Slander  fhouM  be  Trca- 
4bn,  he  thought  that  there  was  great  Reafon  they 
Ihould  be  ;  for  ('quoth  he)  who  fo  flial!  affirm  her 
flighiieJs  to  be  an  Heretic,  doth  doubtlefs  wifh  her 
de  Pains  of  an  Heretic,  viz.  to  be  burnt,  iSc.  He 
fiirther  would  have  to  be  added  to  thcfe  Words  of 
the  Bill,  That  whofoevcr  fhall  affirm  himfelf  to  have 
Title,  (^c.  to  be  a  Traitor.     He  was  of  further  O- 

E'tiion,  that  it  thould  be  no  Clogging  to  the  Bill,  to 
ive  Matter  of  the  ftme  Nature  added  ;  being  alio 
[urovided  for  the  fame  Purpofe,  as  good,  conlequent* 
jHid  neceflarily   concurring  with  the  Effeft   of  the 
to.     And  for  the  Authority  of  the  Parliament,  he 
feid,  It  could  not,  in  reafonable  Conftruflion,  be  o- 
'lerwile,  for  whofo  ftiouM  deny  that   Authority, 
ith  deny  the  Qiiecn  to  be  Queen,  and  the  Realm 
be  a  Realm. 

*  After  whiji,  Mr.  Alford ir\A  Mr.  DaltonfpikG 
'(rally  to  the  Cild  Bill,  touching  certain  Offences, 
be  pidde  Treafons.  Whofe  Speeches  containing 
inew  Matter  at  all  in  them,  more  than  hath  been 
rmerly  ("poken,  are  omitted  in  that  often-before- 
ed  cnenynms  Jsurntil,  out  of  which  all  ihefe  forc- 
ing Speeches  are  tranfcribed.  After  all  which, 
;  Biifinefs  was  at  length  brought  to   this  Head, 

to  be  referred  to  a  Committee. 

*  AU 

Ill     The  ^Parliamentary  H1ST0R.T 
^tseenBiwlieib,      '  All  the  Privy  Counci!   being  Members   ofthii 
H7»-         Houfe,  Sir    Chrippher  Hcyden^     Sir  Hcmy  Nevill, 
Sir  Nicholas  Jfrnold,  Mr.   Serjeant  Mdnwoody  Mr. 
Serjeant  Jenffry,    Mr.   Heneage,  Mr.  Steaks,    Mr. 
John  yaughan,  Mr.  Bell,    Mr.  MouvTm,  Mr.  /*ii^- 
,  Aom,  Mr.  NortQti,  Mi.  Dalton,  Mr.  Fleelwoadt  Mr, 

KjWriuH,  Mr.  Gsodkr,  Mr.  A  ford  and  Mr.  Lung, 
Were  appointed  to  meet  in  ttie  S[..r  Chamber.' 
^nV  i3rh,  tlie  Biil  [or  fupprifTing  ol  Simony  in 
£th"sV«r''''''^'^''"'^"""^^°  B-.ncfices  was  read  the  firft  Time, 
pngof  Simu'liy  j  on  which  Mr  S/iOgg  obkiveif  'That  theCaufcof 
the  Slanders,  whiih  the  Paplfts  have  agaiiift  the 
Church  of  England,  iu  that  they  fny  Co;  k  r^,  Tay- 
lois,  Tinkers,  Millers,  i^(.  are  o(  ihe  Miniftry, 
groweth  hereby,  that  the  Liviugs  are  detained  by 
the  Patrons  froni  the  SpirituLil,  in  tl^eir  o»  n  H ^ndS, 
to  their  own  private  Ufts;  wheieas  the  lirlt  Origi- 
nal of  the  Creation  of  Pdironagts  being  confideied, 
it  appeareth  that  nothing  is  leit  to  the  Patron  of 
Right.  The  Manner  i>f  iheir  Original  he  fliewft4 
at  large,  and  rhat  the  iume  was  gr.tnied  Deo  et  Ecv 
ctef.a ;  and  concluded  thai  the  Patron  had  nothing  of 
Worth  or  Value,  but  a  b^re  No,-nination,  ifitt^ 
truly  ufed  j  (ince  that,  dealing  fiiicerely,  he  is  neither 
to  refpea  Commodity,  Bl^.d,  AtJ\aio.-,,Frien4- 
(hip,norany  thing  elie,  bat  the  Worth  and  Suffici- 
ency of  the  Man,  fsV.' 

The  lame  Day  '.he  Bill  againft  Vagabonds   was. 
Anncher  reij'ing  rend  a  firft  Time,  ind,  tho'  not  utual  in  fuch  Cafes, 
to  Vapbonda.     Jivers  Spiiechts  eniued,  of  which  this  is  an  Abftradt  j 
*  Mr.  Ht.  7o(^/j  moved,  that  an  old  Bill,  before 
th^s  Time  exlubitcd    into   the  Lower  Houfe,  con- 
cerning this  M^tfer,  might  be  perufed. 
i        ■                   '  Mr.  So'idys  endeavou.ed  to  prove  this  Law  foi; 
Ee^g^rs,  to  be  over    ih  rp  and    bloody,  ftanding 
niui  h  on  'he  Care  which  is  to  be  had  for  the  Poor  ; 
fiiying.  That  it  mighi  be  poflible  wijh  fome  Travail 
had  by  the  JiiHices,  to  relieve  every  Man  at  his  own 
Houfe,  anJ  to  ilay  them  from  wandering.      This 
Evp-riencf  iie  Ihevi'ed,  and  what  was  done  in  the 
pc^niy    of  fVcmJier.     Mr.  Tr.^afijrff  laljied  ti\ 
'      ;.iK    •  i^ 

ENGLAND.        113 

this  Effedt,  That  he  would  have  a  Bridewell  in  c-  Q.ofen EiUibetb. 
very  Town,  and  every  Tipler   in  the   County  to        'iT- 
yield    twelve   Pence   yearly  to  the    Maintenance 

*  Mr.  TVilfitr,  a  Mafter  of  the  Bequefts,  argued, 
thus,  That  Poor  of  oeceflity  we  muft  have,  for  fo 
Chrift  haih  faid,  until  his  fecond  Coming :  And,  as 
tme  it  is,  faid  he  alfo.  That  Beggars,  by  God's 
Word,  might  not  be  amongft  his  People:  Ne  /it 
MittdicUs  htier  vos.  His  Experience  he  (hc^ed 
through  the  greateftPart  of  Chriftcndom,  conclu- 
ding, that  fuch  Loofenels  and  Lewdnels  was  no 
where  as  here:  He  faid.  It  was  no  Charity  to  gjve 
fuch  a  one  as  we  know  not,  being  a  Stranger  unto 
us.  Thus,  faid  he,  did  the  Lecrfnfes  conftitutc  hy 
their  Laws,  Even  as  of  Thieves  did  the  Grecians 
judge  of  them.  To  the  Pain  of  the  Conflables  for 
their  remifs  Dealings,  he  wiflied  might  be  conjoined 

On  the  14th,  the  Bill  for  Reformation  of  the  Book  Debate  on  aBiil 
ofCommon  Prayer  was  read  a  firll  Time,  w'hichfi'f"*'™''"^'''" 
occafioned  another  Debate :  Comm™Pr.y«. 

*  Mr.  Treafurer  of  her  Majefty's  Houfliold 
fcafoned  lo  this  EfFefl,  That  if  the  Matters  menti- 
oned to  be  reformed  were  Heretical,  then  verily 
they  were  prefently  lo  be  condemned  ;  but  if  they 
are  but  Matters  of  Ceremony,  then  it  behovelh  us 
totefer  thefameto  her  Majeliy,  who  halh  Autho- 
rit)',  as  Chief  of  ihe  Church,  to  deal  herein.  And 
I'or  us  to  meddle  with  Maitersofher  Prerogative, 
quoth  he,  it  were  not  expedient.  Wi;ha!,  he  faid, 
what  Caufe  there  mighi  bt  lo  m.  ke  her  Majefty  not 
to  run  and  join  with  tliofe  who  f^em  to  be  moft 
cirneft,  we  are  not  lo  fearch  ^whtthcrit  be,  for 
that  in  Time  and  Order  (he  hopeth  to  bring  them 
with  her,  or  what  oiher  fecret  C;iufe  or  Scruple 
there  might  be  in  the  Heart  of  Princes,  it  is  not  for  all 
People  to  know. 

'  '  Mr.  CumptroIlerarzuM  tothis  KfFeia,a8afore, 
CoQimending  the  Zeal,  but  that  the  Place  and  Time 

124    77je'Parliameatary  HisrofLT 

♦irenEiiijbrth.  were  not  fit.  And  iince  we  acknowledge  her  to  be 
'i7i.  Supream  Head,  we  are  not  in  Ihefe  petty  Matters  to 
run  before  the  Ball,  which  to  do,  and  therein  to 
offend,  were  great  Folly  i  how  forwarned  we  were 
herein,  he  did  then  refer  to  our  Con  fide  ration,  infi- 
nuaiing  in  fome  fort,  that  our  hea'ly  and  hafVy  Pro- 
ceedings, contrary  10  and  before  the  Law,  did  rather 
hinder  than  help, 

'  Hereupon  Mr.  i'y?ijr,  with  a  grave  and  feemly 
Countenance,  and  good  iiaiuial  tlt-quence,  {hewed 
how  Confcienceentorced  him  to  (peak  i  and  rather  . 
to  hazard  hi^  CreJii  than  to  the  Offence  of  his  Con- 
fcience  he  filent.  Albeit  he  w.,uld  acknowledge 
willingly,  tliai  inany  HunJieds  of  that  honourable 
and  worfhipful  Afiembly,  were  able  to  teach  him, 
and  he  indeed  willing  to  Ic^rn  of  ihem  all.  The 
Matter  of  his  Grief  was,  lliai  Matter?  of  Impor- 
tance ftanding  us  upon  for  our  tiouls,  ftretching  high- 
er ?jid  further  to  evtry  ont'  of  us  than  the  Monar- 
chy of  the  whole  World,  were  either  not  treated  of, 
or  fo  llenderly,  that  now  alter  more  than  ten  Dayt 
,  continual  Confultation,  no'iiing  was   thereon  con- 

cluded. This  Caufe  he  fhe>'.  ed  to  be  God's,  the  reft 
are  all  bjt  terrene,  yea  Trifles  in  Comparilon  ;  call 
you  ihcm  nevei  fo  great,  .t  pretend  you,  that  they 
import  never  lb  much  ;  Sublidits,  Crowns,  King- 
doms, he  knew  nor,  he  laid.  What  they  were  in 
Comiiarifon  of  thisi  this, he  faid,  I  know,  whereof 
he  moft  [hanked  God,  pritnum  quarhe  Regnum  De'iy 
y  ceetcra  omnia  adjiiienturvebh.  This  Rule  is  the 
Direflion,  and  this  Defire  fliall  bring  us  to  the 
Light,  whereupon  we  may  flay,  and  then  proceed 
unto  the  reft  ;  for  in  his  Word,  and  by  him  wc 
learn,  as  laiih  St.  Pauly  to  corrett,  reform,  i^c. 
Our  true  Home  certainly  is  not  here,  Nan  hobemus 
hk pel m.inentem Civliatem :  And  the  JufticeofGod 
moved  Terror  unto  all,  which  he  feemed  to  rnean 
concerning  the  Bill  before- mentioned  of  StrUklan<fs 
Prop.ifitioni  And  fo  did  let  it  forth  with  Vehe- 
jnency,  that  there  lacked  no  Modefty  ;  and  with  fijch 
Eloquence,  that  it  neither  feemed  lludied,  nor  too 

_0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     115 

(jnuch  affcfted,  but  grave  and  learned  througboai,qujgaElii» 
and  no  whit  too  long,  but  very  well  approved  of.  1571. 
.  '  And  after  him  Mr.  Sfw^^,  and  far  after  nimin- 
afccd,  either  for  Order,  Proof,  or  Matter,  he  entered 
into  the  Difcourfe  ol  Sirkkiand's  Articles,  and  fecm- 
ed  to  maintain  them  i  this  namely,  not  to  kneel  at 
!he  receiving  of  the  Communion,  but  rather,  if  a 
Law  hereof  fhould  be  made,  to  he  proftrate,  to  (hun ' 
the  old  Superftition ;  or  otherwile  to  fei  every  Man 
at  Liberty,  and  in  this  Behalf  todo  according  to  his 
Confciencc  and  Devotion,  he  judged  it  to  be  no- 
thing derogatory  or  contrary  to  the  Prerogative ; 
ind  the  Diredion,  he  thought  fino  be  left  out  of  the 
Boole,  which  fhould  beal^w,  fs". 
,'  '  After  which  Arguments,  it  was,  upon  the  Que- 
j  ftioc,  agreed.  That  ii  Petilion  (huuld  be  m^ide  by 
[his  Houfe  unto  the  Q|,ieen's  Majcfty.  for  her  Li- 
cence and  Privity  to  proceed  in  ihii  Bill,  before  it  be 
any  further  dealt  in,' 

'  The  fame  Day  ilie  Bill  againft  Licences  and  ' 

Difpenfations,   granted  by  the  Archbifhop  of  Cun-j^i^ft  J^^^ct,^ 
Urbiiry,    was    put  to     the  Qiieftion,   Whether    il    c.  by  the  Abpt 
fhould  be  read  or  no  ?     Il  was  over-ruled  in  the  .Cmiwbuty. 
Affirmative,  and  had   [hereupon  its  firft  Reading. 
After  which,  Mr.  ^^^rif  (alihuugh  a  Bill  be  notufu- 
ally  fpoken  unto  till  after  the  fecond  ReaJmg)  fpake 
againft  the  Bill ;  and  endeavoured  to  piove,  that  Li- 
cences for  Marriages  in  fome  Cafes  might  be  need- 
fiil,  and  that  Difpenfations  alfo  for  Non-refidcnce 
might,  upon  fome  Occalioii,  be  of  great  Neceflity  ; 
M  if  aMinirter  fhould  be  employed  upon  fome  Fo- 
reign AmbalTage,  or  other  Matter  of  great  Weight. 

'  Mr  Yelverton  much  difliked,  as  ic  fhould  fcem, 
Jklr.  j^^ri^'s  Speech  i  and  fp.ikc  very  vehemently  in 
Maintenance  of  the  BjH,  alleJging,  that,  as  he 
thought,  no  good  Chriftian  culd  be  -igainft  it  ;  in 
lefpcdlthat  by  the  very  Wordiufthe  Bill  it  appears, 
that  it  was  only  framed  for  the  SupptelTiiin  of  fuch 
Licences  and  Difptnfaiions,  as  were  contrary  to  the 
Word  of  God, 

'  Mr.  Dallon   fpake  next,  againft  the  Bill  ;  and 

grounded  his  Opinion  onl)'   upon  ['.:is  vain  Suppo- 


ia6    The  Parliamentary  HisToitr 

iiEBMbeth-filion",  That  a  Bifhop  can  do  nothing  contrary  to 
»7S'-        the  Word  of  God. 

'  Mr.  Beadle  fpake  next,  in  Maintenance  of  the 
Bill  I  but  the  Subftance  of  his  Speech  is  fo  briefly  and 
imperfedtiy  fet  down,  as  it  cannot  be  gathered  what 
bis  Reafons  were, 

'  Mr.  Mdmuomi  fpake  very  judicioufly  and  mo- 
derately, allowing  Wei!  the  Scope  and  Meaning 
of  the  Law  ;  but  wilhed,  thatin  refpedl  it  mentioneth 
the  Redrefs  of  many  Grievances*  thofe  fame  Griev- 
ances might  firft  be  particularly  made  known  to  the 
Houfe,  before  the  Bill  were  any  farther  proceed- 
ed in. 

'  Mr.  f/f^(MJw<i  approved  the  Bill,  yet  fpake  rot 
direflly  for  it ;  but  very  covertly  guirded  at  the  Ec- 
clcfiaftical  Judges,  and  ihe  Office  of  Faculties  j 
flicwing  alio  in  the  Conclufion  of  his  Speech,  that 
Livings  are  given  to  Minifters  for  the  in(tru£ling  the 
King  and  his  People,  and  for  the  Keeping  of  Houfe, 
and  other  Deeds  of  Charity.  All  which,  if  they 
'  .  were  abient  by  Difpenfation,  he  inferred jnuft  of  Ne- 

ceflity  be  neglected. 

'  Serjeant  Lovilace  laftly,  as  it  (hould  feem,  con* 
eluded  further  Speech  in  this  Bufinefs,  (hewing  the 
Ufe  and  Commodity  of  this  Bill  in  Queftion  ;  but 
doubled  that  there  was  not  Power  enough  given 
therein,  nor  fufficicnt  Remedy  provided  for  Red.-eA 
of  the  Mifchiefs  thereby  fuppoled  to  grow,  by  reafon 
oi  the  granting  the  aforcfaid  Licence  and  Difpenfati- 
ons.  Upon  which,  it  fhould  feem,  that  fome  Mem- 
bers of  the  Houfe  were  appointed  to  confidei  of  the 
faid  Bill,  but  their  Names  are  not  found  in  the  ori- 
ginal Jcurnal-Book  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  er 
in  that  before-ciied  anenymcus  Joarnal,  out  of  which 
both  the  preceeding  and  cnfuing  Seechesare  tran- 

'  Mr-  Norton  made  a  Moiion  by  warrant  of  this 
Court,  by  iheWiidom  and  godly  Care  which  in 
Matters  of  Weight  was  lo  be  emjiloycd.  That  to  a* 
void  the  fhameful  and  moft  hateful  Ufage  amongft 
the  Ecclefiaftical  Judges,  for  delivering  of  Clerks 
convict  upon  their  Oaihs,  and  the  manifeft  Perjury 

0/  ENGLAND.  127 

there,  hy  their  Law  againft  the  Law,  committed, QnrenEii„[^(h; 

fome  Order  might  be  taken      He  proved  it  might        1571, 

not  be  faid  a  Lilieny   of  the  Chuich,  excent  they 

will  claim  a  Liberty  to  Sin-,  wheiein  iinJeed  their 

I«incipal  Liberty  hath  flood,  and  for  the  which  ihey 

have  not  fpared  to  haz.ird.  nay  to  give,   both  their 

Bodies  and  Suuls  to  become  Traitors   to  God  and 


'  Thus  did  that  Rebel  Bilhop  Becket,  Whofe  prin- 
cipal Quarrel  and  chief  Caufeofall  his  Stir,  was,  that 
the  King  would  have  pumfhed  one  of  his  Mark,  a 
Prieft,  foran  abominable  Inceft  commiued  by  him: 
Which  trifling  Fault  (forfooth)  this  holy  Saint 
could  not  eiidute  to  be  rebuked  of  by  a  Temporal 
Judge.  Ethinc  ilia  Ira.  He  (hewed,  it  ci,uld  not 
be  termed  a  Privilege,  and  Encouragement  to  Learn- 
ing, lince  it  was  no  other  but  a  Clo:ik  for  their 
Naughtincfs,  and  for  fuch  as  might  be  of  the  Pope's 
Sed.  As  well  appeared,  in  that  it  was  allowed  to 
none  but  to  luch  as  might  enter  iheir  Holy  Ordera* 
"  and  not  to  one  that  had  two  Wives.  He  fhewed 
at  large  the  Ciicumftance  of  their  pradi'ed  Order 
upon  the  Purgition  of  fuch  Clerks,  declaring  of 
Truth  fodifordered  and  haieful  Doings,  that  the 
whole  Houfe  refolved  to  take  Cire  for  Redrefs. 

•  There  was  then  next  after,  by  the  Policy  ofSir 
Humphrey  Gilbert,  a  Motion   made  by  one  to  have  x",fi!JSr«."! 
in  Talk  the  Grie's  which  before  had  been  uttered  in  ' 

the  Hoafe,  concerning  the  deceiiful  Dealings  of 
Treafurers  and  Receivers,  the  Refurmaiion  of  the 
Exchequer  lor  Homage,  £sV.  and  for  the  granting  of 
Licences  by  the  Queen,  coniiary  to  the  Form  of 
fundry  Statutes, 

'  Hereupon  Sir  Humphrey  Gilbert  ftanding  up, 
and  fome  IntrodUdfion  made  to  cr^ve  Puti^nce  and 
Toleration  of  the  Houfe,  he  endeavoured  to  prove  ' 
Ihe  Motion  of  Mr.  Bell,  made  funic  D.iys  before, 
to  be  a  vain  Device  to  be  ihought  of,  and  pcrillous 
to  be  treated  of  i  lince  it  tended  to  the  Derog^uion 
of  the  Prerogative  Imperial;  which,  who  fhouid 
attempt  in  his  Fancy,  could  not  oiherwiie  he  ac- 
counted than  an  open  Enemy.  For  what  Differ- 

iiS     The  'Parl'tamentary  HisTort. 

HE««Elicabcih.ence  is  to  fay,  ihc  Queen  is  not  to  ufe  the  Privii^ 
1571.  of  the  Crown,  and  to  fay  flie  is  not  Queen  ;  fince 
they  are  fo  linlced  it^ether,  that  the  one  without  the 
oiter  may  not  pofliWy  be,ov  liabfift  ?  We  are,  faid 
he,  to  give  to  a  common  Conitable  the  Right  and 
Regard  of  his  Office  ;  which  if  we  fhould  deny  her, 
what  is  it  other  than  to  make  her  meaner  ihan  the  ^ 
meaneft  ?  And  albeit  Experience  haih  (hewed  fuch.* 
and  lo  great  Clemency  in  her  Majefty,  as  might 
make  us  perhaps  torfeit  ouifelves ;  yet  it  is  not  good' 
10  fport  or  venturi;  too  much  with  Princes}  yea« 
let  be  that  our  Meaning  be  good,  yet  if  it  be  not  fo 
'  thought  of,  how  then  ?     He  remembred  the  Fable 

of  the  Hare,  which  fled  upon  the  Proclamation,  that 
all  horned  Beads  fliouid  depart  the  Court,  left  his 
Ears  (hould  be  faid  to  be  Horns.  This  did  he  further 
inculcate,  with  this  further  Signification,  that  if  we 
fhould  in  any  Sort  meddle  wiih  thofe  Matters,  her 
Majefty  might  look  to  her  own  Power ;  and  thereby 
finding  her  Validity  to  fupprefs  the  Strength  of  the 
challenged  Liberty,  and  to  challenge  and  ufe  het 
Power  any  Way,  to  do  as  did  Lewis  of  Frame,  who* 
as  he  termed  it,  delivered  the  Crown  there  out  of 
Wardfliip,  which  the  faid  Ee/id  King  did  upon  like 
Occafion.  He  alfo  faid,  that  other  Kings  had  abfo- 
Ime  Power,  as  Denmark  and  Portugal ;  where  as 
the  Crown  became  more  free,  fo  are  all  the  SubjeifU 
thereby  the  rather  made  Slaves. 

'  This  Speech  was  difliked,  as  implying  many 
Occalions  of  Mifchief ;  but  for  the  prefent  he  watf 
not  anfwertd  further,  than  that  it  feemedhedid  raif- 
take  the  Meaning  ol  the  Houle,  and  of  the  Gentle- 
man that  made  the  Motion ;  who  would  it  not  other- 
wife  to  he  liiken,  or  otherwile  for  the  Houfe  to  deal 
in  the  Matter,  than  to  fhew  their  common  Griefs  in 
due  and  feemly  Sort  unto  her  Majefty. 

'  The  Parliamcntwas  then  by  the  Confent  of  the 
Houfe,  for  that  it  was  Edjiei-  Eie,  adjourned  until 
Ihnrfdayatxi;  and  it  was  agreed,  that  they  fhoukl 
from  ihenceforih  come  to  the  Houfe  at  fevcn  of  the, 
Clock  in  the  Morning.  During  which  faid  Time 
pf  Eajlir^yit.  StrUkiani,  fo  often  before  mentioned, 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        up 

for  ihe  Exhibiting  the  Bill  for  Reformation  of  Cere-  Qaten  Eiiiateth, 
mooifE,  and  his  Spe^'ch  theieupon,  was  called  before        1571. 
Ihe  Lords  of  the  Privy  Council ;  and  required  to  at- 
tend upon  them,  and  to  make  Stay  from  coming  lo 
the  Houfe  in  ihe  mean  Seafon. 

'  On  Thurfday,  ihe  igth  Day  of  April,  to  which 
Day  the  Houfe  of  Commons  had  been,  on  Saturday 
ihe  14th  Day  of  ihis  Inftant  yfprjl  foregoinft,  ad- 
journed ;  the  Bill  for  the  reftraining  of  Kentijb 
ind  ^ujfix  Cloths  m  be  fold  at  the  Fairs  at  Maidjlon, 
Was  read  the  liiftTime- 

'  The  Bill  for  the  Validity  of  BurgefTes  not  refi- 
anl,  was  read  the  fecond  Time  ;  upon  which  enfued 
ilivEr5  Arguments, 

'  The  firft  Man  that  fpoke  effeflually  to  this  Bill,  OeUte  on  »  Bill 
WisMr.  Warnecambe  of  Hereford;  who  (landing relating  to  the 
up,  faid  to  this  Effea,  That   it  behoveth  all  thofe  ^^J^'''')'  °f?""  ' 
which  were   Burgcfles,  to  fee  to   that  Bill  ;  for^B^"="«»"fi""' 

Soth  he,  this  may  touch  and  over-reach  tlieir  whole 
liertiesjasnot  having  whereunto  to  ftay ;  but  that 
Lwdj  Letters  fhal!  from  henct  forth  bear  all  the 
Sway :  And  to  this  ESecl  was  all  that  he  faid. 

'  Mr.  Norton  firil  made  Explanation  of  the  Mcan- 
ingof  the  Bill,  to  be  (he (aid)  to  fliame  the  Imper- 
fection (jf  Choice,  which  is  too  often  feen,  by  fend- 
Jngof  unfit  Men  ;  and  left  happly  any  Thingmight 
heobjefled  to  the  Imperfeftion  of  the  Parliament, 
which  may  feem  to  be  fcani  fufficieni  by  reafon  of 
the  Choice  made  by  Boroughs,  for  the  moft  Part  of 
iiirangers.  f  Wherea'^by  the  polJtivc  Law,  no  Man 
ought  to  be  chofen  Burgefs  for  any  Borough,  but 
only  Rcfiants  and  Inhabitants.^  He  faid  further, 
that  the  Choice  fliould  be  of  fuch  as  were  able,  and 
fit  for  fo  great  a  Place  and  Employment,  without 
Refpedof  Privilege  of  Place  or  Degree;  for  that, 
by  reafon  of  his  being  aBurgefa,  it  might  not  be  in- 
tended or  thought  he  was  any  tbin^  the  wil'er  ; 
withal,  he  aigued,  that  the  whole  Body  of  tha 
Realm,  and  the  good  Service  of  the  fame,  was  ra- 
ther to  he  refpedted,  than  the  private  Regatd  of 
Place,  Privilege,  or  Degree  of  any  Petfon. 
.  Vol,  IV.  I  '  Then 

130    The  Parliamentary  Histort 

Bnliitibeth.     '  Thcn  Mr.  Speaker  moved  the  Opinion  ofihe 
•S71-        Houfe,  whether  they  could  like  the  Bill  fliould  be 
ingrofled  ?  umi  coming  to  the  Qucftion,  fomefaid, 
No}  but  the  greaieft  Number  feemed  to  fay.  Yea. 

'  Whereupon  one  Handing  up,  whofe  Name  is 
not  exprelled,  Taid  thus.  1  run  wholly  with  the 
Pretence  of  the  Bill,  that  Boroughs  decayed 
may  be  eafed  or  relieved,  knowing  nflliredly  the 
fame  honourable  for  the  Realm,  and  in  many  Re- 
fpedts  profitable  and  commodious  to  thofe  who  do 
inhabit  the  Countries  adjacent  to  fuch  decayed 
Towns  i  that  it  is  ib,  I  will  not  ftand  to  perfuade. 
How  far  this  Law  may  help  them  I  know  not;  if 
they  be  decayed,  then  it  is  moft  lit  for  them,  that  of 
then  own  Company  there  may  be  Ibme,  who  feel- 
ing the  Smart,  can  beft  make  Relation  of  their  E- 
ftaie  ;  and  knowing  the  Country,  may  devife  and 
advife  of  mch  Helps,  as  without  the  Huns 
of  other  Places  may  reftore  the  old  Ruins.  All 
Things  are  in  Cliange,  and  nothing  fo  fuppreiled, 
but  by  God's  Grace  the  fame  may  in  Time  by 
Policy  be  raifcd  up.  But,  to  open  my  Meaning 
fliortly,  the  Queftion  is.  What  Sort  of  Men  are  to 
come  to  this  Ccurt,  and  public  Confuhaiion  in  Par- 
liament ?  Whether  from  every  Quarter,  Country, 
and  Town,  there  ihould  come  (as  I  might  fay) 
Home-Dwellers,  or  otherwife  Men  c  ho  fen  by  Di- 
reftions,  it  forccth  not  whom  ?  I  am  furely  of 
Mind,  that  neither  fur  the  good  Service  of  her  Ma- 
jefty,  Safely  of  our  Country,  or  Handing  with  the 
Liberty,  which  of  Righr  we  may  challenge  (being 
born  Subjefls  wiihin  the  ReatmJ  this  Scope  is  to 
be  given  ;  or  fuch  Loofenefs  in  Choice  to  be  permit- 
ted. That  the  whole  Land  of  this  Realm,  we 
know,  is  to  be  for  three  Purpofes  employed,  and 
thereby  three  Sorts  of  Men  are,  as  it  were,  created. 
The  one  Part  given  in  Frmih  Almsigni,  or  for  Di- 
vine Service  to  be  ufed,  to  the  Glory  of  Gd'dand 
Miniftry  of  his  Word. 

'  The  fecond  Part  to  be  holden  for  Defence  a- 
gainftour  Enemies,  by  the  Sword, 

?  Tht 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        13* 

'  The  Third  for  Maintenance  of  our  Livelihood  Queen  BiUaiccii. 
»i  Homci  and  for  neceflary  Employments  here.  'S?'* 
Ofihefe  ibree  Grounds,  ill  the  iirft  Divilion  there 
groweth,  toourKnowledge,  three  Sorts  of  MeniThe 
Minifters  and  Teachers  of  the  Gofpel,  of  whom  we 
muft  have  Care,  and  with  whom,  in  making  of 
Laws  we  mull  conferri  if  we  will  be  Chriftians. 
The  fecond  are  the  Nobility,  Knights  and  Soldiers, 
Ihe  Defenders  and  ForirefTes  againft  our  Enemies. 
The  third  Sort  be  the  Providers,  Devifors,  and  Exe- 
cutors of  all  Things  neceflary,  commodious  or  feem- 
ly  for  a  fettled  Eftate  (which  haih  the  Happinefs  tcf 
live  there  where  are  Pnx  et  JvJSuia)  fpr  Ih- 
creafe  of  our  Wealths,  Suftenance  of  our  Laws, 
ibe  Governing  of  Bodies,  or  what  elfe  foever  is  ne- 
ceflary for  us :  Such  are  the  Counfellors,  fuch  are 
the  Judges  and  Miniftcrs  of  the  Laws^  fuch  be  the 
Tillers  of  the  Earth,  fuch  be  Merchants,  fuch  be 
Viftuallers,  and  in  this  Degree  be  ihofe,  who  do 
ufe  manual  and  mechanical  Arts.  Of  all  thefe.  In 
like  fort,  as  of  ihc  others.  Regard,  Care  and  Refpeft 
mull  be  had ;  they  throughly  confulted  with,  the  ge- 
neral and  paiticular  States  are  by  them  to  be  knowni 
if  we  mean  to  proceed  for  the  public  Weal,  or  en- 
deavour in  the  fame  a  true  Perfeflion.  Thefe  !aft 
Son  making  one  Kind  are  moll  amplei  and  iheretoi 
mcll  effedlual  to  be  dealt  with,  as  yielding  to  the  reft 
fupplimentum,  confilium  ct  auxilium. 

'  ThcfecondSortislikewife  moll  neCiidary  to  be 
thought  of..  The  firll  are  bed,  and  firll  to  be  fol- 
lowed ;  but  thofe  are  all  to  be  in  one  Knot  con- 
jnned,  and  as  Members  of  one  Body  in  one  to  be 
ufed.  We  may,  in  regard  of  Religion,  lie  in  the 
Dike  (as  the  Proverb  is)  long  enough  without  our 
own  Aid,  if  we  do  nothing  but  pray  for  the  Help  of 
Uircules.  Wemay  nottruftonlyto  the  Sword,  left 
the  common  known  Saying  of  C/rfrofhould  turn  to 
our  Shaire  :  Parva  funl  fsris  arma,  nifi  eenfilium 
imi.  Neither  our  Preaching  nor  our  Praying  to 
God  are  only  fufficicnt,  but  withall  we  muft  do  ouc 
Endeavours,  and  help  each  other  ;  fince  for  the 
iiring  away  of  a  Dog  there  is  fas  the  Ceuntry-man 
i  Z  faith) 

iji     The.Tarliamentary  History 

QM*aEliwib«th.f^''*li)  fome  Viriuc  in  a  Stone,  if  it  be  conjoined 
JJ7I.  wilhSt.  7*&«'s  t^olpel ;  I  mean,  ihat  every  Pjic  of 
the  Body  fhould  do  his  own  Part  to  the  Aid  of  the 
other ;  and  (he  Hand  10  help  the  Hand,  ihe  Foot 
to  help  ihe  Foot,  Ijfc.  This  haih  moved  our  F~ ore- 
fathers,  ;'.nd  on  this  Ground  haih  it  grown,  that  in 
this  Court  where  we  are  toconlider  of  all,  and  (as 
Occafionmay  lerve)  toalier,  conflirute,  or  reform 
allThinsrs.  as  Cau/e  (hall  be,  chat  we  do  know  all 
Sorts  of  Men,  fo  f;ir  as  rnay  be  to  help  all.  How 
may  .her  Majefty,  or  how  may  [his  Court  know  the 
Eftate  of  her  Frontiers,  or  who  fliall  make  Report 
tf  the  Ports,  or  h:)W  every  Quarter,  Shire  or  Coun- 
try is  in  State  ?  We  who  never  have  feen  Berwui 
or  St.'  Miihatl'^  Mount,  ran  but  blindly  guefs  of 
th.emj aifaeic  we  look  on  the  Maps,  that  came  from 
thence,  orfee  Lettersof  Inftruiftion  fent;  fome  one 
whom  Obfcrvation,  Experience,  and  due  Confidcr- 
a.tion  of  that  Country  hath  taught,  can  moreperfeft- 
ly  open  what  flisll  in  Quefiion  thereof  grow,  and 
more  efiei^tually  reafon  thereupon,  than  ihefkilful- 
left  otherwil'e  whaiioever.  And  ihat  they  flioold 
beiheveiy  Irhabitersof  the  leveral  Countries  of  this 
Kingdom,  who  fhould  be  here  in  Times  certain  em- 
ployed, doubtlels  it  was  the  true  Meaning  of  ancient 
Kings  and  our  Forefathers,  who  firft  began  and  e- 
flablifhed  this  Court.  But,  leaving  what  I  cannot 
reach  unto,  the  firft  Conttiluiion  and  Freedom  of 
this  Court,  the  old  Prefident  of  Parliament- Writs 
do  teach  us,  that  of  every  Couniry  their  own  Bur- 
geflesfliuuld  be  cleaed  ;  the  Writ  lo  ihc  Sheriff  and 
Borough  is  diredlly  fo  ;  and  the  Writs  lO  the.  Cities 
being  Counties,  arc,  ^ad  ex  vab'ii  ipjis  elegatis  duss 
Cwts,iJc.  which  do  prove  it  to  be  fo ;  the  Sta- 
tute in  the  i  H.  5,  for  the  Confirmation  of  theold 
Laws  was  therefore  made,  and  not  to  create  a  new- 
unknown  Law  ;  and  that  other  in  the H,  6. 

wasmadetoredrefs  the  Mifchief,  which  by  Breach 
of  that  old  Law  did  grow.  Thefe  do  conclude  if 
without  Contradiction,  that  for  that  Time  it  waS' 
thought  fit  to  continue  the  ancient  life,  Liberty,  and' 
Conveniency  oi  Service.  We  know  that  luch  as 

r " 

r  0/  ENGL  AND.  ijj 

have  fpenl  their  whole  Time  in  Service,  or  have  feen  Queen Eliiabeth. 
only  the  Manner  of  Government  of  other  Nations,  '571- 
and  can  tell  you  how  ihc  Crown  of  France  is  deli- 
vered out  of  WarJIhlp  ;  or  otherwile  tell  a  Tale  of 
the  K.m%oi Cajlili ind  Portugal,  how  they  in  mak-  . 
ing  of  Laws  do  ufe  their  own  Difcretion  ;  the  King 
■d\  Denmaikukih\\ie  Advice  of  his  Nobles  only, 
ind  nothing  of  his  Commons ;  nor  can  paint  you 
out  ihetnonftrous  Garments  of  the  common  People 
I  m  fome  Parts  of  Germany,  or  the  mangled  Coni- 
DKBiwealth  of  the  Allies,  or  Shadows  ot  the  gre;it 
Qlies,  which  now  are  to  be  feen  in  Italy  ,  fuiely  all 
tbofe  Men,  except  they  know  alfoourown  Homes, 
are  not  to  be  irufted  to  conclude  for  our  own 
Home- AiFairs.  Uoubtlefs  the  bell  learned  for  Mat- 
ten  of  Commoiliiy  to  be  raifed,  or  to  be  wrought  in 
hi)  own  Country,  may  happily  give  Place  to  Ins  own 
Neighbours  j  even  as  wifely  and  learnedly  a  Gentle 
inin  faid  of  late,  In  every  Commiuncnt,  according 
nibe  Matier,  there  muft  be  a  Declaration  of  Men, 
H  for  Merchandize  the  Merchant  anJ  fo  forth ; 
l&icuifag  infud  aneperito  credcntium,  wc  hold  for  a 
"ixim.  And,  I  mean  this  wholly  to  no  other 
£,  but  lines  we  deal  univerfally  for  all  Sorts  and 
Places,  ibat  there  be  here  of  all  Sorts,  and  all  Coun- 
B,  and  not  (feeing  you  lift  fo  to  term  itj  thus  to 
%  them  of  Towns  and  Boroughs,  that  they 
ly  chufe  at  Liberty  whom  they  lift  j  yet  can  I 
Idly  call  that  a  Liberty,  which  is  contrary  to  that 
Diich  ihe  King  and  the  Queen  commonly  granteth 
•a  free  Gift,  and  by  ihefe  Words,  £f  Aw(y«r;^r<i- 
'I'fl  talira,  is'c.  dcdimui  potejiatem,  l^t.  quod  4e  jeipjlt 
i^gmt  duos  Buigiiijes,  or  duos  Gives  -,  we  take  it 
more  fora  Man  to  have  of  his  own,  than  to  have 
loyany  Man's  D:lcreiion]  of  another. 

'  It  hath  been  of  late  oft  and  wel!  faid,  that  to 
iwninate  another  to  a  Benefice  is  nothing  worth  in 
Vilue,  but  if  It  be,  that  a  Man  may  uke  the  Beee- 
Si  liiir.rel(,  that  is  both  valuable  andeftimable  ;  that 
'..nnot  hurt,  that  is  ever  good  for  me,  if  it  be  ever 
t>cd  in  near^  fcrt  unio  me  ;  and  for  (his  Reafoti 
wefiiyin  Law, That  the  Kftate  Tail,  which  muft 
I  i  con 

134    '^f^^  Tarliamentary  History 

ii.  continue  in  our  own  Blood,  is  better  than  the  Eftata 
in  Fee  fimple,  which  may  be  got  further  from  us, 
and  is  to  be  given  to  Strangers  at  Pleafure;  Mif- 
chiefs  and  Inconveniences  there  piay  grow  isy  this 
•Liberty;  but  a  Mifchief  itmay  be  to  me,  and  in- 
convenient alfo  toulier  the  fame  :  I  wilt  not  fpeak 
ihereof  but  dutifully,  neither  do  I  fee  any  thin";  that 
is  amils  at  this  prefent ;  what  was  done  a  hundred 
Years  fince,  1  may  fafely  tell,  and  thus  it  "X^s ; 

*  A  Duke  of  this  Realm  wrote  his  Letters  to  a 
City,  which  1  know,  to  this  Effedl ;  whereby  he  did 
fignify,  that  a  Parliament  was  to  be  fummoned  in 
ihon  Time,  and  that  for  great  Caufes  he  wasta 
crave  Aidofallhis  Friends,  and  reckoning  them  a- 
mongft  the  reft,  he  wifiied  them  of  four  under-no- 
minated to  chufe  two ;  the  Letter  under  the  Duke'a 
Seal  is  ftill  preferved,  but  hear  you  the  AnCwer ; 
he  was  written  to  with  due  Humblenefs,  that  they 
wereprohibited  by  Law,  they  might  chufe  noneof 
them.     I  will  venture  a  little  nearer. 

'  In  Queen  Marfs  Time,  a  Council  of  this 
Realm  (not  the  Queen's  Privy-Council)  did  write 
to  aT own,  to  chufe  a  Bifliop's  Brother,  {and  a  great 
Bifhop's  Brother  it  was  indeed)  whom  they  allured  to 
be  a  good  Catholic  Man  ;  and  willed  them  to  chufe 
to  the  like  of  him  fome  other  fit  Man.  The  Coun- 
cil was  anfwered  with  Law.  And  if  all  Towns  in 
E'iglaiiii  had  done  the  like  in  their  Choice,  the 
Crown  had  not  been  fo  wronged,  and  the  Realm 
forobbed  with  fuch  Eafe  at  that  Parliament,  and 
Truth  banifhed  as  it  was ;  what  hath  been,  may  be ; 
thereisno  Impoilibility.  It  will  be  faid,  I  miftake, 
it  is  not  meant,  but  that  Towns  fhal!  be  at  Liberty 
to  chufe  whom  ihey  lift.  1  fay,  that  Liberty  is  the 
Lois  of  Liberty ;  for  when,  by  Law,  they  may  do 
M-hiit  they  will,  they  may  not  well  deny  what  (hall 
be  required.  It  is  too  truly  faid,  Rcgands  cogit  qui 
rogat (lotefitisr.  And,  1  have  known  one  that  toa- 
yoid  a  great  Man's  Difpleafure,  that  dwelt  near  him, 
that  was defirous, as  he  knew,  to  buy  his  Land,  did, 
upon  fmall  Occalion,  bind  himfelf  not  to  alienate 
his  Lapd  from  hia  Irue  peiis ;,  Tbjs  being  known, 
—  '    .  I  meani 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       13s 

I  mean  that  he  was  bound  as  aforefaid,  the  great 
Man  was  contented  to  let  him  keep  his  ownquieiiy,*^'" 
which  othcrwife  he  would  not  hvive  done.  Surely 
Law  is  ihe  only  Forirefs  of  the  Inferior  Sort  of 
People,  and  contrary  to  the  Law,  the  greater  Sort 
will  notdefire  toexpeiS  any  thing.  Though  now 
a  this  prelent,  God  be  praifed,  wc  need  not  to  fear 
theGreatnefs  of  any  Man,  Jufticeis  fo  well  admini- 
ftred:  Yet  hereafter,  whatfoever  iiaih  been  wc  may 
fear,  either  for  Maintenance  of  Fai^^ion,  or  Mainte- 
nance of  Mifchief,  Again,  I  lay,  ir  may  he,  what 
beretofore  was,  poFibly  again  may  be.  We  ftand, 
and  have  ftood  of  !ate  upon  the  notorious  Ma- 
nifeliation  of  the  Authoriiy  of  Parliament ;  except 
wiihal  you  keep  the  ancient  Ufageofthc  lame,  and 
withsl  endeavour  the  Freedom  thereof,  in  EiFeft 
joudo  nothing,  if  I  guefs  aright, 

'  It  is  further  faid,  That  in  fome  Towns  there 
arenot  Men  of  Difcretiun  fit ;  they  be  not  the  wifer 
(laid  the  Gentleman  that  fpoke  before}  for  being 
fiurgeftes.  I  can  never  be  pcrfuaded,  but  thateither 
the  Lord,  whofethe  Town  is,  be  the  Town  never 
ib  little  ;  or  the  Steward,  if  it  be  the  Queen's,  or 
fome  good  Gentleman  of  the  Country  adjoinant, 
will  either  aflign  them  who  know  the  Town,  and 
can  be  content  to  be  free  among  them,  and  to  ferve 
by  ihcir  Appointment,  for  iheir  Country,  and  for 
ihem  ;  or  elfe  for  fome  reafonnblc  Fee,  fuch  as  he 
ofiheir  learned  Council,  and  who  know  them,  and 
tie  Country  will  deal  for  them,  I  mean  ii  not  fo 
ftrifUy,  that  ihofe  who  fliould  be  chofen,  ihould  of 
iwsffitybe  Dwellers  in  the  Town  ;  but  to  be  either 
oftbe  Town,  or  towards  ilie  Town,  Borderers  and 
neat  Neighbours  at  the  leaft".  And,  to  this  KffedVI 
would  the  Biil  were  framed.  I  ftand  too  long; 
hereon,  and  Abundance  of  Matter  occalioneth  Con- 
fiifion  J  thisisall.  Itwas  meant  at  the  firft,  and 
lirft  Conftituiion  of  Parliament,  tha:  Men  of  every 
tiWrterianilofal!  Sort*^.  ihouId  come  to  this  Court, 
lfi«  they  fliould  be  ireely  chofen.  This  in  every 
^  hitherto  luth  feemed  beft ;  to  aher  without 
Omfe  is  r,ot  Convenient  ;  to  dvt  eveiy  Town 

■  * 

1^6  The  Tarliamentary  History 

Queen EHiabeth.  Liberty,  may  offer  in  Time  Inconvenience.  None 
1571.  fo  fit  for  every  Country  as  thofe  who  know  the 
fame.  To  chufe  of  their  own,  ir  is  a  Liberty  ;  to 
lofe  their  Liberty,  I  think  it  a  bad  Coniimodity,  call 
it  as  you  pleafe  ;  by  fuch  Kind  of  Releafe  in  eafing 
Men  of  their  Wealths,  or  fome  good  Part  of  their 
Living,  we  befhrew  our  Charity.  And  in  like  Sort, 
and  in  like  Reafon,  it  feems  to  me  this  Law  is  infer- 
red out  of  the  Preface  of  the  fame.  For  thus  it  is 
penned : 

*'  Forafmuch  as  fpme  Towns,  are  decayed,  and 

•  have  not  of  their  own,  therefore  let  every  Town 

*  do  what  they  lift.'     Of.  a  particular  Propofition 
to  make  a  general  Conclufion,  it  is  againft  our  Rules  5 
3nd  nothing,  as  faith  the  Philofopher,  is  more  abfurd 
than  non  caufam  pro  caufa.     Some  Towns  cannot 
fend  fit  Men ;  it  ftandeth  very  ftrongly,  if  you  feek 
to  help,  let  the  Plaifter  be  fit  for  the  Sore ;   let  not 
the  Salve  be  ftretched   too  far,  left  the  whole  and 
found  Flefh,  by  the  broad  fpreading  of  the  Salve, 
do  either   fmart,  fret  or  fefter.      The  'Medicine 
which  healeih  thefick  Man,  may  be  Poifon  for  the 
wbple  and  found  Man.     All  Citizens  and  Burgcffcs 
fliould  not  be  thought  alike,  and  yet  all  prpvjded  for, 
as  there  is  due  Caufe.      Let  there  be  therefore  con- 
venient Confideration,  how  to  heal,  how  to  hurt. 
And,  I  could  wifli,  according  to  the  Weight  of  the 
Matter,  it  might  be  rather   ftaid   on,  than  thus  a- 
bruptly  over-ruled  ;    anJ   while  we  fly  Scylla^  we 
fall  not  into  Charybdh  ;  while  we  fay  that  Boroughs 
cannot  fend   to  this  High  Court  fo  fit  Men  as  be 
convenient,  that  by   altering    the  ancient   Ufage, 
which  is  the  only  Warrant  and  folc  Stay  of  Freedorp 
in  Parliament,  it  may  happly   be  faid  we  have  no 
P<:rliament  now  within  ihus  Realm,  nor  Liberty  at 
all  for  any  fuch  here  to  beholden.* 

*  Mr.  'Belly  in  Anfwer  to  this,  did  colledt  the 
Subftance  of  what  had  been  faid,  and  in  a  long  Dif- 
courfe  ihewcd,  that  it  was  nt-ceflary  all  Places 
ihould  be  provided  for,  and  not  Boroughs  only,  be- 
ing but  one  of  the  Members  of  :he  Commonwealth^ 
^|id  Ih^t  fo(ne  of  theq^  have  neither  Wealth,  to  pro- 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        137 

fit  Men,  nor  themfdves  any  in  any  Sort  con- 
iient.  He  thoLight  not  amifs,  if,  in  refpeft  of^'" 
ife  manifeft  Wants,  convenient  Supply  fliould  be  ; 
Ut,  without  the  Warrant  of  Parliament,  Aich  Al- 
eiaiion  might  not  be.  He  then  thought  it  not  a- 
ifc  to  be  advifed.  And  for  the  Objedion  ofthe 
^^'snger  which  may  enfue  by  reafon  of  the  Letters 
m  Noblemen;  he  could  not,  he  faid,  but  think  it 
convenient  lo  prevent  the  fame  j  and  therefore 
flUhed,  that  there  might  be  the  Pendty  of  Forty 
■.Iwinds  upon  every  Borough,  that  fliould  make  fuch 
Itkftion  at  the  Nomination  of  anyNoblemdn.' 

'  Mr.  /flford  reafoned  to  this  Effed,  That  above 
,4l!  Things,  necellary  Care  ought  to  be  for  the  chu- 
Ingand  having  of  fi:  Men  to  fupply  the  Place,  that 
,fterebenotlmperfedtion.  And  therefore  noted  one 
t^l  Diforder,  that  many  young  Men,  not  experi- 
.(need,  for  Learning  Sake,  were  often  cholen, 
■through  whofe  Default  he  knew  not ;  whether 
iUners  of  Noblemen,  Love  or  Affedtion  in  thi: 
Xountry,  their  own  Ambition,  or  the  carskls  Ac- 
comptofthe  Eleflors,  or  what  elle  wastheCaufc, 
.ie  knew  not ;  but  it  was  to  be  leen  :  Whereupon 
liB  Would,  none  fhould  be  of  that  Houfe,  not  of 
'ttiiriy  Years  of  Age  at  the  leaft.  And  for  ibc 
Choice  of  Townfmen,  he  faid,  he  was  of  his  Mind, 
Jhat  Mofes  and  Aiirsn  fhould  be  conjoined  together  ; 
jnd  that  there  fhould  be  one  of  their  own,  or  fome 
•Gentleman  near  them,  who  had  Knowledgeofthe 
j^teofthe  Country;  and  the  other  a  Man  learn-  ^ 
'((d,  and  able  to  utter  his  Mind  and  Opinion,  Jince 
-^XL  Knowledge  locked  up  in  the  Brejft,  not  being 
.vWdctly  opened,  is  to  no  Purpofe  ;  and  this  Part,  he 
to,  wasas  reijujfue  for  Confultation  as  the  other. 
So  that  he  feemed  to  conclude  the  Law  ihould  be 
in  Force  for  the  one  Burgefs,  and  at  Liberty  for  the 

'  After  which  Sjieeches  the  aforefaid  Bill  touching 
ihe  Validity  of  Uurgefles,  &(.  was  ordered  lo  be 
.Committed  lo  Sir  Tho?nas  Hiltsn,  Knight ;  Mr.  Bell, 
■Mr,  Rubert  Bmcs,  Mr.  F^eetwsed,  Mr.  Warmcamb, 
Mr.  hedk,  Mr.  Atkhn^  Mr.  Alfurd  and  Mr.  Gyms ;. 

138     TheTarliamentary  Histortw 

Q^RnEUnbuh.  ^'^^  appointed  to  meet  in  the  T'emple-Church,  upoo 
157'-  5a/ar^rtvnext,att\voof  theCIoct:  in  the  Afternoon.' 
April  the  19th,  the  Bill  againft  Ufury  was  read 
the  fecond  Time,  which  occafion'd  another  Debate 
in  the  Houfc.  And, 
Deiwte  oa  1  Kll  *  ^'^ft  one  Mr  Clarie  fpolte  to  this  EfFeft,  That 
■pioSururr.  the  referring  of  the  Punilhment  in  the  Bill  men- 
tioned, being  put  to  the  Ecclefiaftical  Judges,  for 
io  much  was  nothing  ;  for  that  they  are  to  punifii 
bv  the  Civil  Law,  by  the  Canon  Law,  or  by  the 
Temporal  Law.  The  Civil  Law  would  not  avail 
them,  becaule  by  that  Law  there  is  Allowance  of 
Ufury.  The  Canon  Law  is  abolilhed  ;  and  in  that 
Refpeft  the  Temporal  Law  faith  nothing  i  fo  that 
the  Pretence  may  feem  to  be  fomewhat,  but  the 
Effeft  (hereby  wrought  is  nothine  ;  yet  that  it  was 
ill,  neither  Chriftian  nor  Pagan  ever  denied,  jirif- 
tslk  being  alk'd  what  Ufury  was  ?  He  faid  it  was. 
Prater  Naturam,  and  therefore  could  not  be  defined. 
Plata,  being  aik'd  the  fameQueftion,  anfwer'd  it 
ViiSyldim  acHominem  ocddere.  SiiAugukine  the  fame; 
and,  in  the  very  Words  of  the  PJahmfti  anfwerclh  to 
the  Queftion,  Dsmine  qu'n  kabitabit  in  Tabernaaih 
tuB  ?  He  faid,  ^i  curat  Preximn  fm,  ncn  decipit 
eum,  y  qui  Pecuniam  fuam  nsn  daSii  ad  Vfuram, 

Mr  Mollsy,  firft  learnedly  and  artificially  making 
an  Introduction  to  the  Matter,  fliewed,  what  it 
might  be  thought  on  for  any  Man  to  endeavour  the  , 
Defence  of  that  which  every  Preacher  at  all  TimesM| 
following  the  Letter  of  the  Book,  did  fpeak  againftw 
yet,  faith  he,  it  is  convenient,  and  being  in  fom^l 
Sort  ufed,  it  is  not  repugnant  to  the  Word  of  God^ 
Kxperience  hath  proved  the  great  Mifchief  whidg 
doth  grow  by  reafon  of  cxceffive  Taking,  to  th^l 
Deftrudion  of  young  Gentlemen,  and  otherwiftj 
infinitely  j  but  the  Mifchief  is  of  the  Excefs  no^ 
otherwife.  Since  to  take  reafonably,  or  fo  than 
both  Parties  might  do  Good,  was  not  hurtful  i  fori 
to  have  any  Man  lend  his  Money  without  3^1^ 
Commodity,  hardly  ihould  you  bring  that  to  pafejj 
And  fince  every  Man  is  not  an  Occupier  who  hatMJ 
Money,  and  fome  which  have  not  Money  may  yet* 
have  Skill  to  uJe  Money,  except  you  fhould  take 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      139 

amy  or  hinder  good  Trades,  Bargaining  and  Con-  „„ 
wafling  cannot  be  ;  God  did  not  fo  hate  it,  that  he 
did  utterly  forbid  it,  but  to  the  Jnus  amongft  ihem- 
Itlres  only,  for  that  he  willed  they  flioiild  lend  as 
Brethren  together ;  for  unto  all  others  thpy  were 
at  large  ;  and  therefore  to  this  Day  ihey  are  ihe 
greateftUfurers  in  the  World.  Butbeir,  as  indeed 
it  is,  evil,  and  that  Men  are  Men,  no  Saints,  to 
do  all  thefe  Things  perfeilly,  uprightly  and  bro- 
itietly  i  yet  ex  ductus  maUs  minus  malum  eHgendum ; 
ind  better  may  it  be  born  to  permit  a  little,  t'lan 
UHcrly  to  take  away  and  prohibit  Traffick  ;  which 
liirdly  may  he  maintained  generally  without  this. 

'  But  it  may  be  faid,  i:  is  contrary  to  the  direft 
Word  of  God,  and  therefore  an  ill  Law;  if  it 
Were  to  appoint  Men  to  take  Ufury,  it  were  to  be 
dilliked ;  but  the  Difference  is  great  between  that 
ind  permitting  or  allowing,  or  fuffering  a  Matter 
'0  be  unp'jnithed.  It  may  be  faid,  that  Nudum  . 
Paiifm  nan  parit  OhUgdtmem,  but  there  muft  be 
Ibmewhat  given  in  Confideraiion.  Let  be  that 
ihere  is  nothing  given  of  the  Lenders,  yet  there  is 
fomewhatyim/V^,  ttf  omne  bo/sum  Exemplum,  is"  emnis 
Ux  in  ft  alifuid  habei  Mali ;  for  that  Tome  body 
ftall  fuffer  thereby.  We  are  not,  quoth  he,  fo 
ilraitned  to  the  Word  of  God,  that  every  Tranf- 
greflion  fhould  be  furely  punifhed  here.  Every 
viin  Word  is  here  forbidden  by  God,  yet  the  Tem- 
poral Law  doth  not  fo  utterly  condemn  it.  As  for 
the  Words  of  the  Scripture,  he  faid,  the  Hebrew 
fcundeth  thus  in  Anfwer  of  this  Queftion  ;  ^li  nen 
isi  Peainiam  fuam  ad  Marfum :  So  it  is  the  Biting 
ind  over-fharp  Dealing  which  is  difliked  and  nothing 
?ile.  And  this,  he  faid,  was  the  Opinion  and 
'nierpre Cation  of  the  mod:  famous  learned  Man 
fca,  and  in  thefe  Days,  of  Bellarmirie  and  divers 
others,  who  fay,  that  the  true  Interpretation  of  the 
Mibrrui  Word  is  not  Ufura,  but  Morfus. 

'  DtlVitJon,  Mafterof  the  Requelts,  faid,  that 

in  a  Matter  of  fo  great  Weight  he  could  not  fliorcly 

ipeak;  and  acknowlc.lgirg  that  he  had  thoroughly 

ftudied  the  Matter,  defired  the  Patience  of  the  Houfe, 


1 40  The  Tarltamentary  History 

C^eenEluabeth,  And  firft  he  endeavoured  to  prove,  that  the  com- 
1571*        mon  Slate  may  be  without  Ufury ;  then  he  (hewed, 
how  even  Men  that  have  been  ignorant  of  God  or 
his  Laws,  finding  the  Evils  thereof  by  their  Laws» 
redreffed  it ;  and  utterly  prohibited  the  Ufe  thereot 
As  the  Athenians  caufed  all  the  Writings  taken  for 
Intereft  Money  to  be  burnt ;  and  the  like  did  LycwT'^ 
gus  by  a  Law  which  he  made,  and  feeing  the  Fi«^ 
he  faid,  he  never  faw  fo  fair  a  Flame  as  tbofe  Boob 
yielded.     He  then  made  a  Definition  of  Ufury». 
fhewing  it  was  taking  of  any  Reward,  or  Priced. 
Sum,  over  and  above  the  due  Debt.     To  mab.  J 
any  Thing  of  that  which  is  not  mine,  it  is  Robbery. 
Forthwith  upon  the  Delivery  of  the  Loan  Money,-  i 
it  is  not  mine.     And  the  Law  is,  that  Mutvum 
muft  ever  be  free.    And  here  he  (hewed  the  Difle- 
rence  between  Location  and  Mutuum\  the  one  { 
implying  a  Contraft,  the  other  none.    He  remcm-  • 
bred,  out  of  Ezechielgm^  other  the  Prophets,  fundiy  ■ 
Places  of  Scripture ;  and  vouched  St  Augujiimh  Say- 
ing, that  to  take  but  a  Cup  of  Wine  is  Ufury  and 
damnable.     This  he  feemed  to  fay  in  Anfwer  to 
that  which  had  been  before  pronounced,  that  it  wtt 
not  Ufury  except  it  were  M^fus. 

*  He  (hewed,  that  Lofs  may  grow  by  Ufuryi 
Firft,  to  the  Queen,  then  to  the  Common- Weai^V 
To  the  Queen  in  this,  that  Men  not.ufing  tbdr 
own  Money,  but  finding  great  Gain  in  Ufury,  do 
imploy  the  fame  that  Way  ;  fo  that  her  Cuftonili 
muft  decreafe :  To  the  Common- Wealth,  for  thiV 
whofo  (hall  give  Hire  for  Money,    is  to  raife  tlMi 
fame  in  the  Sale  of  his  Commodity.     All  Trades. 
ihall  be  taken  away,  all  Occupations  loft  ;  for  mdk 
Men  feeking  moft  Eafe,  and  greareft  Gain,  with- 
out Hazard  or  Veniure,    will   forthwith  implojr 
their  Money  to  fuch  Ufe.     He  (hewed  it  to  be  la 
hateful   in   the  Judgment  of  the- Common  LaWf,  • 
that  an  Ufurer  was  not  admitted  to  be  a  Witne&i 
nor  after  his  Death  to  the  common  Sepulchre  of. 
Chriftians.     And  for  that  his  Difcourfe  had  been, 
long,  he  inferted  (as  he  faid}  this  Tale  for  Recreib?! 
tion  of  the  Hearers. 

0/   ENGLAND.       141 

'  In  Italy,  quoth  lie,  a  greal  known  Uilirer  be-  qu, 
hi"  dead,  the  Curate  denied  him  [he  common  Place 
"  Burial  J  his  Friends  made  Suit,  the  Pfieft  would 
_..  hear ;  in  fine,  the  Sniiors  bethought  them  of  a 
Jfolicy  to  bring  it  to  pais,  that  he  might  be  burled  in 
^Church  i  which  was  this:  The  Parfon  of  the 
iDlurch  did  accultomably  ufe  to  carry  his  Books 
duly  from  his  Houfe  to  the  Church  on  his  Afs ;  and 
■tte  Als,  by  often  going,  needed  not  to  be  driven, 
kl,  knowing  his  Journey,  as  foon  as  he  was  laden, 
#euld,  of  himfelf  go  to  the  Church  Door:  They 
Wred  the  Parfon,  his  Afs  might  carry  the  dead  Bo- 
^  J  and  where  it  Oiould  ftay  there  ir  might 
»  buried.  Tq  lb  fond  a  Requell  the  Prieft 
jgtced  ;  the  Body  was  laid  on  the  Afs,  who,  feeling 
Igteater  Burthen  than  he  was  ufed  to  bear,  did  run 
lOWards  the  Town,  never  ftaying  until  he  came  to 
ftecommon  Place  of  Execution. 

'  This  Tale  merrily  told,  he  again  entred  to  his 
Matter,  and  proved  the  Condemnation  of  Ufury 
Wd  Ufutets,  by  the  Auihoiiiy  of  the  Nicene,  atid 
divers  other  Councils:  He  (liewed,  that  the  Di- 
rtnes  do  call  Ufury  a  Spider,  a  Canker,  an  Afpis,  ii 
Serpent  and  a  Devil,  He  fliewed  how,  in  Nature, 
AeOffences  of  Homicide  and  Ufury  are  to  be  com- 
jledj  and  by  Examples  proved  the  Ruins  of  divers 
Commonwealths,  when  fuch  Praftlces  for  Gain 
M  tuffered,  as  that  of  the  Commonwealth  of 
Xdnr,  i^e.  The  Manner  of  Exchange  now  ufed 
to^iw^on,  and  how  much  Abufe  he  Ihewed ;  a 
Idling  in  old  Time  not  praftiibd,  but  by  the  King:, 
u'mEdw.  sd's  Time,  when  thereby  llie  King  ob- 
.flfined  fuch  Treafure,  and  fuch  exceflive  Wealth, 
flat  it  was  (irft  wondred  at,  then  guefled  that  ic 
aewby  the  Science  of  Alchymy.  He  here  fhewed 
nc  Practice  of  the  Low-Csunlriei,  of  Germany^ 
Md  namely  the  Doings  of  Fulchers  to  the  very  beg- 
Jring  of  great  and  mighty  Princes ;  he  avouched 
tbe  Authority  of  Sir  yobn  Cheik  in  that  Place,  con- 
CHtiing  that  Matter ;  and  the  Mind  of  the  ancient 
ij^f/^ Law- Writers,  who  fay  that  the  Offence  of 
Wfuty  in  Life  the  Bifliop  is  lo  punifli  ;  but  after  his 
Death  his  Exec«to[3.Ihall  not  hare  his  Goods,  but 

i.\i   The  'Parliamentary  Histort 

QuteBmijaictii.  they  appertain  ad  Fifiutn.  He  concluded,  thai  the 
*  W-  Offence,  in  his  Confcience,  fliould  be  judged  Felony." 
'  Mr,  Bell  faid.  This  Matter  being  fo  ample  had 
occafioned  much  Speech,  and  was  for  cunning 
Men  a  fit  Theme  to  Ihew  their  Wiuand  Skills  up- 
on. Yet,  laiih  lie,  ii  Ibndeth  doubtful  whac  Ufury 
\i  i  ve  have  no  true  Definition  of  it.  And,  in  out 
Laws,  we  have  linle  wiitien  thereon  but  this,  UJii- 
Ta  nsn  cm  rat  juper  Jiifanicm.  And  not  much  more 
but  to  antwer  the  Objeflions,  where  it  is  pretended» 
thai  the  not  punifiiing  of  it  by  the  Temporal  Judge, 
may  feem  to  be  an  Approbation  of  it,  or  to  leave  it 
to  the  Chuich  may  feem  as  if  we  had  no  Care  con- 
cerning it  i  fijr  that  to  put  ovei  an  Offence  to  ano- 
ther Judge,  may  not  be  fo  faid,  if  to  the  Church  it 
may  appertain,  and  they  may  well  coireft  it.  He 
further  (hewed,  that  the  Privilege  of  the  Church  is 
by  Stamie  upon  this  Point  to  be  expreiled,  namely 
in  [he Statute  de  Articulis Cleii.  He  faid,  We  muil 
not  curioufly  fe;irch  Cicero's  Paradoxes,  and  pro- 
nounce that  Pcaalii  futit  agunlln,  hac  ejl,  quod  imnt 
piccatum  eji  peccatum  ;  and  no  further  -■  But  be  c- 
very  Man,  according  to  hisTranfgrefliDns,  to  make  a 
reafonable  Pain  j  though  he  who  llealeth  iwoPence, 
doth  as  well  fteal  as  he  who  ftealeih  an  hundred 
Pounds;  yet  there  are  Degrees  ;  we  have  Piiit 
Larceny,  and  that  which  is  greater  j  both  Faults, 
both  to  be  puniflied,  both  to  be  hated  ;  but  Diffe- 
rence there  is  in  Puniihing,  even  according  to  the 
Greatnefs  and  Smallnefs  of  the  Offence  ;  for  the 
one  there  is  Death,  and  for  the  other  not  fo. 

'  In.  the  Statute  for  punifliing  of  Perjury,  in  the  5th 
of  this  Queen,  there  are  fundry  Degreesof  PerjOry : 
Not  lor  that  there  is  leis  Perjury  in  the  one  than  in 
the  other;  but  that  there  is  greater  Hurt  occafioned 
in  tht  one  than  in  the  o'.her.  In  Anfwer  of  the 
Scripture,  he  faid,  the  Law  of  God  is,  If  thsu  bi 
firtclen  an  the  one  Cheek,  to  tum  the  ether  j  or  ;/ 
Ckai  be  taken  away,  to  give  alfo  thy  Gown,  The 
leral  Senfe  is  not  to  be  taken,  and,  as  there  is  Caui 
a  reafon^ble  Conflruftlon  muft  be.  So  he  conck^ 
ded,  that  though  it  were  a  Sin,  yet  it  was  to  be  pu- 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     143 

riflicd  liere  on  Earth  according  lo  the  good  or  bad>  q^^^  Ei;««teth, 
or  lalher  according  to  the  greater  or  leJl'er  Hurt        1571. 
which  groweth  thereby. 

'  After  which  one,  whofe  Name  is  not  expreflcJ 
iothe  faid  amnymsus  'JBumd,  endeavour'd  the  An- 
ivet  of  Dt.  lP^!/on,  but  with  a  Proteftation  of  his 
Infijfficiency  ;  and  then  hcihewed,how  the  Divines 
hivcnot  agreed  what  is  Ufury,  but  for  his  own  Part, 
hewas  to  incline  to  the  Opinion  of  the  Learned  of 
thefe  Days,  whofe  In lerpretat ion  of  literal  Senfe  and 
Skill  of  the  Tongues  do  appear ;  which  took  that 
fbr  no  Ufury  which  is  without  Grievance.  He 
made  a  Difference  of  the  Law  of  God  concerning 
the  Divine  Miijefty  contained  in  the  firft  Table, 
and  what  is  concerning  Man  in  the  lecond  Table ; 
faying,  that  nothing  is  to  be  faid  in  that  Degree  Sin 
inilfelf,butby  theCircumftances;  for  fo  it  is  known 
whether  it  be  good  or  bad.  To  kill  is  prohibited, 
ytl  fomctimes  not  to  kill  is  evil.  Phineas  killed, 
and  was  therefore  commended.  And  Thefts,  at 
Times,  have  been  in  Scripiures  approved.  So  like- 
wife  Ufury  is  allowed  of  in  the  Scriptures ;  but 
tfiatit  might  be  ufed  to  Strangers  only:  Albeit  the 
tJiifen  Children  of  God  amongft  themfelves  might 
not  ufe  it.  But  let  be,  whether  it  be  utterly  unlaw- 
liil,  or  in  fome  Sort  to  be  tolerated,  it  is  a  Queftion  ; 
and  until  it  be  determined  for  the  common  Commo- 
tty  and  Maintenance,  let  It  be  as  hitherto  it  hath 
bten  ufed.  And  for  the  common  Sort  of  BargMis 
Of  Com  for  Cloth,  Silk  for  Land,  i^c'  what  they 
ie,  whether  Ufury  or  no,  we  know  not.  That  all 
ftould  be  well,  it  is  to  be  wiflied  j  that  all  may  be 
fcne  well  among  Men,  it  is  beyond  Hope ;  for  we  are 
BO  Saints,  we  are  not  of  Perfection  to  follow  the 
Letter  of  the  Gofpel,  It'J^nfa  firiketh  ibe  one  ChetH^ 
ffe.  and  this  Text,  Dale  nihil  inde  fptr/inla  :  Thefe 
are  no  exprefs  Commandments.  For  the  6rft,  the 
Law  of  Nature  doth  direft,  and  for  the  other  alfo 
the  fame  Law  in  Effeft  maketh  Defence  ;  furely 
there  can  be  no  Sin  where  there  can  be  no  Breach  of 
Charity.  To  do  that  therefore  to  another  which 
m  would  to  ourfelvcs  (the  State,  Circumftance, 

1 44      Th'-'  Parliamentary  Histor  r 

Q^jj.  ,  .  and  CaCe  [0  ouifelves  confitiercd)  is  commendable- 
t<;]i,  or  not  to  be  reproved  ;  if  we  ourfelvesbe  toborrow^ 
who  is  it  ihnt  would  not,  in  Extremity,  give  a  litiJe 
tofavemudi  Money  ?  It  isfaid,  TheUfurer  dotf; 
or  may  grow  rich  :  Who  hath  difliked,  in  a  Com- 
mohwealth,  that  there  fhould  hcHommes  bsnifrugi? 
they  may  be  confidered,  and  may  be  good,  more 
than  for  one  Purpol'e.  He  further  rtood  on  this. 
That  God  did  not  abfoluiely  forbid  Ufuiy,  which 
furely  if  ii  had  been  utterly  ill,  he  would  have  done. 
And  he  added,  That  the  common  Laws  were  cruel 
in  [heir  Cenfures,  and  wiflied  that  they  fhould  be 
no  more  temeinbred  than  they  are  followed, 

'  Serjeant  Lovelace  argued  to  thb  Effeft,  That 
Ufury  was  of  Money  only,  protefting  that  he  hated 
all  Kind  of  Ufury,  but  yet  the  greaier  the  111  was, 
the  more  and  more  greatly  did  he  hate  the  fame. 
JJuc  to  prohibit  it  wiih  fo  Iharp  and  extream  a  Law 
astolofeali,  he  thought  it  would  be  the  Ground  of 
greater  Coveioufnefs.  Withal,  he  added,  to  prohi- 
bit the  III  of  Covetojfnefs  in  Generality,  were  rafh, 
void,  and  frivolous  j  fince  that  the  Speech  and  the 
Att  irfelf  is  indefinite,  comprehending  all  our  Ani- 
ons and  Doings ;  and  therefore,  as  utterly  vain  to 
prohibit  it,  in  v:iiii  Words  of  Generality.  To  pro- 
hibit Drunkennefs,  Pride,  Envy,  Surfeiting,  iSe, 
were  fomewhat  in  fome  particular  Sort  ;  to  do  it  in 
Generality,  albeit  that  we  know  that  it  is  every 
Way  damnable  by  the  diredl  and  wriiten  Word 
of  God,  it  were  but  Folly.  Of  thefe  great 
Evils,  (to  the  which  Man,  of  his  Nature,  is  born 
and  made  prone,  and  too  aptj  when  we  may  not 
reach  to  the  beft,  furtheil:  and  utiermofl,  wc  mud 
do,  as  we  may  fay,  by  Degrees.  As  to  liiy,  there 
fhall  be  no  Deceit,  or  Slight  in  making  of  this  or 
that  Kind  of  Wares ;  that  the  Hufbandman  fliaH 
till  his  arable  Land,  and  that  he  fhall  not  keep  above 
lijch  a  Number  of  Sheep  ;  that  there  fhall  be  noi  | 
Foreflalling,  Regrating,  ^c.  and  this  in  Particularity*! 
whereas  otherwife,  generally  amongftfinful  Men^B 
prohibit  this  Sin  or  that  Sm  utterly  on  a  Pain,  i3B 
may  not  be  :  But  thus  rather,  he  that  Iliall  fo  li^l 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       145 

fcali   fuffcr,  or  iofe  fo  mucii ;  whereupon  he  con-      ^i 
cWed,  that  there Ihould  be  Degrees'in  punilhing  of 
Ufury ;  as  he  that  fliould  Cake  I'o  much,  to  lofe,  or 
be  punifhed  thus ;  he   that  (hall  take  more,  more 

'  Mr.  F!eel~uiMd  (hewed,  that  all  ihefe  Argu- 
ments long  fince,  with  great  Skill,  and  very  ofEcfl 
bvebeen  opened  in  this  Place:  He  faidjit  was/n^«- 
Kiipudaris  faUri  per  qmm  pmfeceris.  Mr.  Cheek, 
befiid,  argued,  and  fo  far  forth  explained  this  Mat- 
ter, as  ihe  Learner  was  thereby  fufficiently  inform- 
ed, and  the  Learned  fully  fatisfied.  His  Papers  of 
his  Speech,  he  faid,  he  had  not  loll,  and  therefore 
could  [hew  as  much  Cunning  as  thecunningeft, 
which  had  bene  or  endeavoured  himfelf  ihereunto. 
He  faid,  he  had  read  the  Civil  Law,  and  of  the 
Comraori  Law  Ibmewhat ;  but  how  well  he  did  un- 
derlbtid  il,  he  would  not  promife  ought :  What 
Ufory  was,  he  faid,  he  was  not  to  learn ;  call  it,  if 
we  lift,  Preximd  liomicidio,  or  how  elfe  by  a  De- 
Icripiion  he  forced  not  much  ;  for  if  ihere  were  not 
Civil  Law,  it  Were  not  much  to  be  accounted  of  for 
sny  Certainty  in  this  Cale  thereby  ro  be  had  ;  and 
ihe  moft  antient  Laws  of  this  Realm  have  taught 

"!  thereof  fomewhat ;  as  the  Laws  of do 

make  to  us  mention  of  Ufury.  So  do  the  Laws 
made  in  Lucius's  Time,  and  thofe  of  Jiihelredi 
whcrAy  it  was  ordained,  that  Witches  and  Ufurers 
fljould  be  baniflied.  Kmg  Edward,  the  Saint,  rti-. 
fareth  and  appointeth  the  O&cnders  herein  to  fuficr 
OrdaHunl.  Then  was  there  a  great  Kind  of  Ufur^ 
known,  which  was  called  Torus,  and  a  lefler  known 

by  the  Name  of Glatmle,   in  the  Book  de 

iiihis  entiquist  maketfi  mentiori  of  an -Inquiry  of 
Uiriftian  Ufurers.  In  the  Taw^r,  he  faid,  he  had 
feena  Commillion  awarded  to  the  Mailer  of  the 
Courts  ^he  named  noi  what  Courts)  to  enquire  of 
tJfurers,  and  the  PunifhmcnC  of  them,  he  faid,  was 
whipping  ;  he  faid  further,  by  Scripture,  he  knew  it 
waadamnable;  and  therefore,  whether  ic  was  good 
or  not  good,  it  was  no  good  Quellion.  For  the 
M«ter  of  Implicalion,  whether  by  the  Pretence  of 
Vol.  iV.  K  ^  the 


14^     The  Parliamentary  HisTORt 

Oi^enBUeabcth,^^^  Law  it  might  be  intended  that  it  was  in  any 
Kjyi.  '  Sort  allowed  ;  he  faid,  It  might  be  conftrued  and 
compared  there  with  the  Statute  of  Tithes  :  Whcie 
it  is  faid,  That  till  for  fcven  Years  after  Heath* : 
Ground  broken  up,  no  Tithe  ftiall  be  paid ;  die 
Conftruftion  hereupon  is  clear.  He-  fliewed  alfOi 
that  Ufury  was  malum  in  fe^  for  that  of  forae  oihtf-^ 
Tranfgre(Iions,her  Majefty  may  difpenfe  afore  with); 
but  lor  Ufury,  or  to  grant  that  Ufury  maybe 
fhe  poflibly  cannot.  He  further  faid.  That 
Words  of  an  Aft  of  Parliament  are  not  ever  to 
followed  ;  for  that  fometimes  the  Conftmfliob 
more  contrary  to  what  is  written,  as  in  the  Stai 
of  Magna  Charta  ;  nifi  prius  homagiurri  fid 
And  fome  Statutes  are  winked  at  by  Non-Ob' 
tion  or  otherwife,  fo  that  they  fcem  to  be  no  Laii 
even  in  thofe  Things  which  we  pradlife  moft,  as 
Statute  of  Glocejier^  for  the  Oath  to  be  taken 
l^ebt  and  Damages. 

.    'Mr.  Dalton  endeavoured  to  prove,  that 
Fleetwood  rniftcok  the  Bill,  but,  in  Fancy,  he 
look  his  Arguments. 

*  Mr.   Norton  fhewed,  that  all  Ufury  is  Bitii 
as  in  the  Word  Steal  is  contained  all  Kind  of  inj 
ous  taking  away  of  a  Man's  Goods  :  And  as  Sis 
rizingisfaid  to  be  Murlhering  or  Homicide; 
Ufury  juftly  ever  to  be  faid  Biting,  they  being 
fo  correlated  or  knit  together,  that  the  one  may 
be  without  the  other.    He  concluded.  That  fii 
is  doubtful  what  is  good,  we  fliould  be  mindl 
the  old  Saying,  ^(^^^z/W/tf;  nefecerh^  and  for] 
Sluodnon  ex  fide  ejl  peccatum  </?,  therefore  he 
that  no  Allowance  fhouldbe  of  it.' 

After  which  Debate,  the  Bill  was  commit 
Mr.  Treafurer  and  others,  but   their  Names 

jtpril  the  20th  there  were  fome  Arguments 
to^thc^iJbliVtref  concerning  the  Liberties  of  that  Houfe,  and 
of  the  Houlc.     fome  Untruths  which  had  been  reported  of  it. 
which  Mr  .Speaker  declared,  '  That  the  Quec 
*  as  good  Liking  of  this  Parliament,  as  ever  flh 
.  *  of  any  Parliament  fince  her  Majefty's  Reign»'  ^ 

0/  ENGLAND.  147 

Phciame  Day  a  Bill  for  Fugitives,  or  fuch  as  QuefnEliftbetii, 
c  fled  beyond  Sea  without  Licence,  was  read  a        1571. 
Time,  fay  the  Journals^  but  Dewes's  a  Second  ; 
which  Mr  Wentworth  ftood   up,    and  put  the 
ife  in  Mind  of  a  Speech  made  by  Sir  Humphrey 
ert  fome  Days  before : 

He  proved  his  Speech  (without  naming  him) 
;  an  Injury  to  the  Houfe  ;  he  noted  his  Difpofi- 
to  flatter  and  fawn  on  the  Prince,  comparing 
to  theCameleon,  which  can  change  himfelf  into 
Colours,  faving  White ;  even  fo  (faid  he)  this 
MTter^an  change  himfelf  into  all  Fafhions  but 
efty  :  He  (hewed  further  the  great  Wrong 
:  to  one  of  the  Houfe,  by  a  Mifreport  made  to 
Queen,  meaning  Mr  Bell ;  he  (hewed  hi9 
ch  to  tend  to  no  oiher  End  than  to  inculcate 
'  into  thofe  which  (hould  be  free  ;  he  requeued 
I  for  the  Credit  of  the  Houfe,  and  for  the  Main* 
ace  of  free  Speech  fthe  only  Means  of  ordinary 
:eedings)  and  to  preferve  the  Liberties  of  the 
fe,  to  reprove  Lyers,  inveighing  greatly  out  of 
Scriptures  and  other  wife,  again  ft  Lyers.  As 
of  Davidy  T*hcu  O  Lord  Jhalt  deftroy  Lyers^  &c. 
Mr  Treafurer  fignified  his  Defire  to  have  all 
ngs  well  ;  (iiying,  he  could  not  enter  into 
;ment  of  any  ;  but  he  fiid,  it  was  convenient 
leeches  (hould  be  avoided,  and  the  good  Mean- 
of  all  Men  ta  be  taken,  without  Wrefting  or 
Deporting  ;  and  the  Meaning  of  all  Men  to  be 
rod  in  good  Sort  without  unfeemly  Words. 
Mr  Speaker  endeavoured  an  Agreement  and 
ty  in  'the  Houfe,  making  Signification  that  the 
^n*s  Majefty  had  in  plain  Words  declared  unto 
i,  that  (he  had  good  Intelligence  of  the  orderly 
ceedings  among  us ;  whereof  (he  had  as  good 
ing  as  ever  (he  had  of  any  Parliament  fince  (he 
le  unto  the  Crown  ;  and  wi(hed  we  (hould  give 
no  other  Caufe  than  to  continue  the  fame,  and 
led  further  her  Majefty's  Pleafure  to  be,  to  take 
dcr  for  Licences ;  wherein  (he  h^d  been  careful,  . 
imore  careful  would  be. 

K*  Mr 

14^    The  TnrliameJitary  HisTob^t 

QuMaEUnbeth.     *  ^'^  CurUlon,   wUh  a  very  good  Zeal,    i 
1571.        orderly  fhew  of  Obedience,  made  SignifiL-ation  hoi 
that  a  Member  of  the  Houte  was  detained    frola 
them  fmeanmg  Mr   Struklond)  by   whofe   Com- 
mandment, or  for  what  Caule  lie  knew  not.     But 
And  on  a  K(m-*^°''  ^^  niuch  as  be  W2S  not  Jiow  3  private  Man,  but 
bcr  belne  detsjn-to  fupply  the  Room,  Perlon  and  Place  of  a  Multi- 
«d-  tude  fpccially  chofen,  and  therefore fent,  bethought 

that  neither  in  regard  of  the  Country,  which  was 
not  to  be  wronged,  nor  for  the  Liberty  of  the 
Houfe,  which  was  not  to  be  infringed,  we  (hould 
permit  him  to  be  detained  from  us.  But,  what- 
ibever  the  Intendment  of  this  Offence  might  be, 
that  he  Ihould  be  fent  for  to  the  Bar  of  that  Houfe, 
there  to  be  heard,  and  there  toanfwer. 

'  MrTreafurerinforaeCafe  gave  Advertifement 
to  be  wary  in  our  Proceedings,  and  neither  to  ven- 
ture further  than  our  alTured  Warrant  might  ftretch, 
nor  to  hazard  our  good  Opinion  with  her  Majefty 
on  any  doubtful  Caufe.  Wjthal  he  wifiied  us  not 
to  think  worfe  than  there  was  Caufc.  For  the 
M?.n  [quoth  he)  that  is  meant,  is  neither  detained 
nor  mifufed,  but  on  Con lidera liens  as  required  to 
expe£l  the  Queen's  Pleafure,  upon  certain  fpecial 
Points ;  Wherein  {he  faid}  he  durft  to  aflure  that 
the  Man  fliould  neither  have  caufe  to  diflike  or 
complain,  fince  fo  much  Favour  was  meant  unto 
him  as  he  reafonahly  could  wjfli.  He  further  faid, 
that  he  was  in  no  Sort  flayed  for  any  Word  or 
Speech  by  him  in  that  Place  offered;  but  for  the 
exhibiting  of  a  Bill  into  the  Houleagainft  the  Pre- 
rc^ative  of  the  Queen  ;  which  was  not  to  be  tole- 
rated. Neverthelefs  the  Conftruftion  of  him  was 
rather  to  have  erred  in  his  Zeal  and  Bill  offered, 
than  malicioufly  to  have  meant  any  Thing  contrary 
to  the  Dignity  Royal.  And  laftly,  he  concluded. 
That  oft  it  had  been  Icen,  that  Speeches  have  beeO 
examined  and  confulered  of. 

*  Sir  Nicholat  Arnold,  with  fome  Vehemency* 
moved,  that  Care  might  be  had  for  the  Liberty  of 
the  Houfe }  he  was  enforced,  he  faid,  rather  to 
i  ■'  Ltter» 

O/^E  N  G  X  A  N  D.       14^ 

,(ter,  and /b  to  run  into  Danger  of  Offence  ofq^cmiihibt^, 
[thcrs,  than  to  be  offended  with  himfelf.  1J71. 

.  '  Mr  Comptroller  replied  to  the  Effeit  Mr  Trea-  ' 

f'Jret  had  before  fpoken. 

'  Mr  CUerf  told,  how  ihe  Prerogative  is  not 
difputable,  and  that  the  Safely  of  the  Queen  is  the 
Safety  of  rhe  Subjeds.  He  added,  how  that  for 
Mailer  of  Divinity,  every  Man  was  for  his  Inftruc- 
tion  to  repair  to  his  Ordinary,  being  a  private  Map. 
(where  he  utterly  forgot  the  Place  he  fpake  in,  and 
ihe  Perfon  who  was  meant  j  (or  that  Place  required 
and  permitted  free  Speech  with  Authority,  and  the 
Petfon  was  not  himfelf  a  private  Man,  but  a  pub- 
lick;  by  whom  even  the  Ordinary  himielf  was  to 
bedireflcdj  He  concluded,  that  for  as  much  as 
iheCaufe  was  not  known,  he  therefore  would  the 
Houlefiiould  ftay. 

'  Mr  Tehertoti  faid  he  was  to  be  fent  for,  arguing 
inihisSort.  Firft,  he  faid,  the  Precedent  wasperi- 
\m,  and  though  in  this  happy  Time  of  Lenity, 
«nong  fo  good  and  honourable  Perfonages,  unHer 
fc  gracious  a  Prince,  nothing  of  Extremity  or  In- 

Jiry  Was  to  be  feared  ;  yet  the  Times  mij^ht  be 

■ffined,  and  what  now  is  permitted,  hereafter  might 
beconftrued  as  of  Duty,  and  enforced  even  on  this 
Ground   of  the  prefent  Permilfion.      He  further 

fiid,  that  all  Matters  not  Treafon,  or  loo  much  to 

ibe Derogation  of  the  Imperial  Crown,  were  lole- 

Bble  there  ;  where  all  Things  came  to  be  confidercrf 

of,  and  where  there  was  fuch  Fulnefs  of  Power,  as 

even  the  Right  of  the  Crown  was  to  be  determined, 

lEd  by  Warrant  whereof  we  had  fo  refolved.  That 

to  fay  the  Parliament  had  no  Power  to  determine  of 

ihc  Crown,  was  High-Treafon.     He  remembered 

how  that  Men  are  not  there  for  themielves,  but  for 

iheir  Countries.     He  ftiewcd,  it  was  fit  for  Princes 

to  have  their  Prerogatives ;  but  yet  the  fame  to  be 

Siaitned   within  reafonable  Limits.     The  Prince, 

fitfliewed,  could  not  of  herfelf  mike  Laws,  nei- 

%  mii:ht  (he  by  the  fame  Reafon  break  Laws. 

ffe  further  faid,    that  the  Speerh  uttered  in  that 

Plice,  and  the  Offer  made  o(  the  Bill,  was  no:  to 
Kt  b« 

1 50    The  Tarltamentary  H i  story 

^ecnEiizabeth. be  condemned  as  Evil;  for  that  if  there  wcreaiqi 
'57»«  Thing  in  the  Book  of  Common- Prayer,  citho 
Jewifl)^  Turki/h  or  Popi/I),  the  fame  was  to  be  re- 
formed. He  alfo  faid,  that  amongft  the  Papifts  it 
was  bruted,  that  by  the  Judgment  of  the  Counci/, 
Strickland  was  taken  for  an  Herctick  j  it  behoved 
therefore  to  think  thereof. 

'  Mr  Fleetwood  firft  (hewed  the  Order  of  Cnri 
Arguments  from  the  Caufe,to  this  Effeft,  ihatTime 
mult  be  known  and  Place  obferved.  He  faid  tbeilij 
that  of  Experience  he  could  report  of  a  Man  tbtj 
was  called  to  Account  of  his  Speech  in  5*°  of  tHi! 
Queen;  but  he  faid,  he  could  not  meddle  with 6 
late  Matters,  but  what  he  had  learned  in  the  ParBif 
^  ment  Rolls,  he  thought  convenient  (hould  be  knowa 
and  confidered  of.  In  the  Time  of  Henry  VI •% 
Bifhop  6f  the  Parliament  was  committed  to  Prifci 
by  Commandment  of  the  King  ;  the  Parliaincflf 
refolved  to  be  Suitors  for  him.  And  in  King  Ihm 
V.  the  Speaker  himfelf  was  committed,  and  wM 
him  another  of  the  Houfe ;  the  Houfe  thcrcupQI 
ftayed,  but  Remedy  they  had  none,  other  than  to 
be  Suitors  to  the  King  for  them  ;  whereupon  In 
refolved,  that  the  only  and  whole  Help  of  dn 
Houfe  for  Eal'e  of  their  Grief  in  this  Cafe,  w^as  H 
be  humble  Suitors  to  her  Majefty,  and  neither  (end 
for  him,  nor  demand  him  of  Right. 

*  During  which  Speech  the  Council  whifpcfd 
together,  and  thereupon  the  Speaker  moved,  tM 
the  Houfe  fliould  make  Stay  of  any  further  ConfnP 
tation  thereupon.' 

On  the  21  ft  Day  of  Aprils  a  Provifo  was  ofieid 
to  be  made  to  the  Bill  for  coming  to  Church  an^ 
receiving  the  Communion.  Which  being  read  I 
fecond  Time,  divers  Arguments  were  ufed  on  itt.. 

*  Mr  j^glionby  argued,  that  there  (hould  be  ij 
human  politive  Law  to  inforce  Conlcience,  wHd 

relating  to  the    ^^  not  difcernable  in  this  World.     To   come  |j 

Coxnmunioji.       the  Church,  for  that  it  is  publick,  and  tendeth  bi 

to  prove  a  Man  a  Chriftian,  is  tolerable  andconffi 

nient  j  and  not  to  come  to  a  Church  may  make^ 

Man  feem  irreligious,  and  fo  no  Man  \  for  that  M 


Of   ENGLAND.       151 

Religion  on!y  a  Man  is  Icnown  and  difcerncd  from  ^nci 
"Bruie  Bcaftsi  and  this  is  to  be  judged  by  thaOut  ward 
Shew.  But  ilic  Confcience  of  Man  is  eiemal,  in- 
viiibte,  and  noi  in  the  Power  of  the  greateft  Monar- 
chy in  the  World,  in  any  Limits  to  be  ilrailned,  in 
»ny  Bounds  to  be  coniained,  nor  with  any  Policy 
of  Man,  if  once  decayed,  to  beagain  raifed.  He 
Oiewed,  that  neither  "jtw  nor  lurk  Jo  require  more 
than  the  Submillion  lo  the  outward  Oblervance, 
>nd  a  convcnitnc  Silence,  as  not  to  dillike  what  is  _ 
iwblicltly  piofelled ;  hut  to  inforce  any  to  do  ihe 
A3,  which  mny  tend  lo  tJie  Diftovery  of  his  Con- 
iJUK£,  it  is  never  foiuid.  He  ihewed  the  Diffe- 
ifiiec  betwixt  coming  to  Church,  and  receiving  the 
Cmninunion  ;  the  one  he  allowed  to  be  inconipre- 
hcnlible  in  Law,  the  oihet  he  could  not  allow. 
And  in  Anfwer  of  that  which  before  had  been  laid, 
thai  the  Confcience  was  not  ftraimed,  but  a  Penalty 
DfttwLofs  of  theirGoodsoiily  aiijuJged  ;  whereof, 
Dodoubt,  the  Law  of  Gcd  and  the  Law  of  Nations 
^  given  to  the  Prince  an  abfolute  Power ;  he  faid 
to  this,  out  of  Cicero  de  Legibus,  that  Man  out  of 
is  own  Nature  is  to  care  for  the  Safety  of  Man,  as 
ifing  realbnable  Creatures,  and  not  the  one  to  feek 
to  bereave  the  other  of  his  neceffiry  Livelyhood, 
sAiingouc  of  the  fame  Book,  this  Saying  of  Ta^, 
^Bi  Dtum  len  -curat  hum  Deus  ipfe  judUdbit.  He 
.Bcwedout  of  St /^au/,  that  we  mull  not  do  111  that 
Good  may  grow  thtreby  ;  wc  mull  noi  take  from 
iim  that  is  his,  to  the  End  thereby  to  make  him 
to  do  what  is  not  in  his  Power;  to  be  lit  for  fo 
peat  a  Myftery  God  above  of  his  free  Gift  may 
nake  a  Man. 
'  To  come  im worthily  the  Penalty  is  appointed, 
t  Paul  hath  pronounced  it  to  be  Death  and  Damna- 
oti,  as  guiity  of  the  Blood  and  Death  of  Chrilt. 
lot  to  come  our  Compulfory  Law  ihall  now  con- 
tmn,  fo  that  this  our  Favour  herein  to  be  extend- 
it  is  either  to  beg,  or  be  exiled  from  our  native 
—Jauntry.  He  faid,  There  Wiis  no  Example  in  the 
raimitive  Church  to  prove  a  Commandment  for 
ftming   to   the  Communion,  but  an  Exhortation  ; 


15a     The  Tarliamentary  Hi  story 

A     •  rr  v^u  he  faid,  St.  Amhrofe  did  excommunicate  TheodofM 

Queen  Elizabeth.       iri-iv-  ^i-/-»  •         l    '^   a 

1571,  and  forbjd  him  to  come  to  the  Communion,  bccaafe 
he  was  an  evil  Man.  And  for  us  to  will  and  cogi- 
mand  Men  to  come,  becaufe  they  are  wicked  Men, 
it  is  too  ftrange  an  Inforcement,  and  without  Pre^ 

*  Mr.  jtgmonde/hatn^  without  Regard  of  any  thing 
fpoken  before,  made  mention  of  a  Decree  in  the 
Star-Chamber,  made  by  nine  of  the  Privy  Counc^ 
figned  with  their  Hands,   and   the   Hands  of  the  . 
Ghief  Juftices,  concerning  the  receiving  of  the  Com*  i 
munion  by  Gentlemen  of  the  Temple.     This  De- .. 
cree,  made  by  fo  grave  and  learned  Men,  he  thought  . 
for  himfelf,  and  to  his  own  Confcience,  was  a  Stay  - 
what  to  judge,  and  a  Direftion  or  Precedent  what 
to  follow :  The  Tenor  of  which  Decree,  for  fo 
much  as  it  did  concern  the  Reformation  of  the 
Houfes  of  Courts,  and  principal  Places  to  be  thought 
and  confidered  of,  be  wifhed  might  be  infertcd  into 
the  Law.     The  Motion  was  well  liked,  and  he  re*  ' 
quired  to  bring  the  fame  the  next  Day,  which  was 

'  Mr.  Norton  (hewed,  that  where  many  Men  be^ 
lliere  mufl  be  many  Minds,  and   in   ConfultaticW 
convenient  it  is,  to  have  contrary  Opinions,  contra- 
ry Reafons  and  Contradidlions ;  thereby  the  rather 
to  wreft  out  the  beft :    But  this  by  the  Ruleof  Rea« 
foning,  and  Reafon  muft  htfmejurgiis:  He  then  (ak]^ 
that  not  only  the  external  and  outward  Shew  is  ttk 
be  fought,  but  the  very  Secrets  of  the  Heart  in  God'i 
Gaufe,   who  \s  Scrutator  Cordium^  muft  come  to  $ 
Reckoning.     And  the  good  Seed  fo  lifted  from  the 
Cockle,  that  the  onp  may  be  known  fron  the  other* 
A  Man  baptized  is  not  to  be  permitted  among  us 
for  a  Jew.     And  here  fomewhat  flipping  from  the 
Matter  in  Speech,  he  moved,  that  all  fufpedled  (or Pa** 
f'ftyy  might  make  this  Oath,  That  they  did  acknowf!  - 
ledge  the  Queen  to  be  Queen^  for  any  thing  th«.] 
Pope,  in  any  refpeft,  might  do,  noting  fome  Impcf^  "^ 
fe<jlion  in  the  former  Oath.     To  this  End,  quoth:  'i 
he,  are  the  Bulls  now  fent  to  difcharge  Men  of  th«<  : 
Ailegiance,and  to  give  free.  Pardon  of  Sins  \  fo  '  tjut. ' 



Of    ENGL  AN  D.     153 

he,  who  thus  ftould  be  pardoned,  fhould  Trom  QnMnEiiiiberti, 
henceforth  in  no  fort  communicate  with  the  Profef-  "57'. 
forsofthe  Gofpel  ;  and  now,  quoth  he,  the  very 
Touchftone  of  Trial,  who  be  thole  Rebellious 
Cah'es,  whom  the  Bull  hath  begotten,  muft  be  the 
Keceiving  of  the  Communion  ;  which  whofolliall 
refufe,  we  may  juftly  fay.  He  favouretii,  i^c.  And 
Men.  are  not  otherwife  to  be  known  but  by  the  ex- 
ternal Sign.  To  anfwcr  and  fadsfy  the  Dilemtna 
objefted  before  in  the  firft  Day,  made  concerning 
iBeDiforders  of  certain  Minifters,  in  faying  of  the 
Service  contrary  to  the  Inilrudtion  of  the  Book  ;  he 
widied,  this  Provifo  might  be  added,  that  mifl:aking  , 
ofChapCers,  mif-reading,  (^c.  fliould  be  recovered  as 
loOffence,  fo  that  there  be  no  Mafs-Song,  or  Po- 
I»fh  Service  ufed  in  Latin,  i^c.  And  thus  the  Bill 
Kfted  to  be  further  confidered  of.' 

This  is  the  Sum  of  all  the  Debates  which  the  ^'^ur- 
'"///?  hath  given  us  in  this  Seflion  of  Parliament. 
But,  it  is  to  be  obferved,  that  thofe  Debates,  efpeci- 
sllyon  Church  AiFairs,  weremanaged  with  Caution, 
for  the  Queen  always  fhewed  a  Diilike  that  the 
■fJoufe  of  Commons  fliould  meddle  in  Ecclefiaftical 
■blatters.  Nor  were  they  without  fome  Checks 
from  Court,  on  the  Freedom  of  Speech  in  other 
TChings,  where  it  bore  too  hard  on  the  Prerogative. 
"Ai,  Strickland,  "we  are  told,  in  one  of  his  Speeches, 
^arneftly  prelling  the  Reformation  of  the  Book  of 
^^mmon-Prayer,  was,  the  next  Day,  called  before 
Ite  Queen's  Council,  and  commanded  by  them  to 
'orbear  going  to  the  Hoofe  till  their  pleafure  was 
further  known.  This  occafioned  great  Clamour 
■Vsithin  Doors ;  and  divers  Speeches  and  Motions 
"Vvcremade,  relating  to  Breach  ofPtivileae,  by  Re-  ^h^'tsfhcMcm- 
ftraintofoneof  their  Members  from  attending;  altho'iKra  fordebaiing 
he  was  neither  imprifoned  nor  confined.  But,  the""''™""^^"- 
Spaker  got  up,  and  defired  the  Hout  to  forbear  any  '"^^ "''  ^' 
fijrther  Debate  on  that  iMalter ;  and,  the  next  Day, 
Wr.  S/nir>/jWcameag.iin  to  the  Houfe  by  the  Coun- 
cil's Allowance,  to  the  no  fmall  Joy  of  his  Bre- 
|lirea.  On  another  Day,  alfOjthisSeflioa,  the  Speak- 

154    ^^^  Tarliamentary HisrofiJ 

<lueen  Elizabeth,  ^r  in  forme;!  the  Hopfe,  .that  he  had  received  a  Com- 
1571.  mand  from  her  Majefty  to  caution  the  Mcmberslo 
fpend  lefs  Time  in  Motions,  and  to  avoid  loQg 
Speeches.  The  Joumalift  tells  us,  that  this  Md- 
fage  was  occafioned  by  one  Mr.  Bell^  fpeaking  a- 
gainft  Monopolies  or  granting  of  Licences,  whicl), 
he  thought,  was  contrary  to  certain  Statutes,  audi 
as  was  faid,  fccmcd  to  fpeak  againft  the  Prerogative. 
Tho',  adds  the  Journalifty  what  he  did  fay  was  h 
much  to  Order,  that  thofe  who  were  touched  migbl 
be  angry,  but  they  could  not  blame  him  for  it- 

The  next  Thing  we  think  proper  to  mention^ 

in  the  Proceedings  of  the  Commons,  this  Seflion,  if 

a  Cafe  of  Bribery,     It  feems  that  one  Thomas  Lmg^ 

Gent,  was  returned  for  the  Borough  ofTfyibury^\SL 

the  County  of  IVilts^   for  this  prefent  Parliamcnli 

Proceedings  in  a  who  being  found  out  to  be  a  very  fimple  Man,  and 

Ckufc  of  Bribery,  not  fit  to  ferve  in  that  Place,  was  queftioned  how 

he  came  to  be  elected.     The  poOr  Man  immediate^ 

lyconfefled  to  the  Houfe,  that  he  gave  to  Jntlmf 

Gar/and^  Mayor  of  the  faid  Town  oi  WeJibury^txA 

one  Watts^  of  the  hmt^four  Pounds^  ibr  his  Place 

in  Parliament.     Upon  which,  an  Order  was  made 

that  the  faid  Garland  and  Watts  (hould  repay  unIO 

the  faid  Thomas  Long  the  four  Pounds  they  had  <rf 

him.     Alfo,  that  a  Fine  of  twenty  Pounds  be  aflcf* 

fed,  for  the  Queen's  Ufe,  on  the  faid  Corporatm 

and  Inhabitants  of  JVeJibury^  for  their  fcandalous  A^ 

tempt.     That  the  faid  Thomas  Long  (hould  bedi^ 

charged  from  ^U  Bonds,  given  to  the  faid  Corporate 

on,  for  executing  his  Place  in  Parliament.     And* 

laftly,  that  the  Mayor  and  Watts  (hould  be  fent  for 

by  a  Purfuivant,  to  anfwer  fuch  Things    as  fboaU 

be  objected  againft  them  by  the  Houfe. 

But  we  hear  no  more  of  this  Matter ;  probablf 
the  Straitncfs  of  the  Time  prevented  it,  being  vcrjrj 
near  the  End  of  this  Seffion.  It  muft  be  allowed  ihi 
a  Seat  in  Parliament  was  held  very  "cheap  in  tboft 
Days.  For,  tho'  the  V^alueof  Money,  then,  wtf 
much  greater  than  it  is  now,  y^i  four  Pounds  cm 
never  bear  a  Proportion  to  the  monftrous  Sums  thai 


Of    ENGLAND,     ij-j 

have  been  expended,  or  given,  for  a  Seat  in  Parlia-Qute 
mtnt  in  much  later  Times. 

May  the  aSih,  Upon  Speeches  uttered  in  the 
Houfe,  '  That  fome  of  the  Members  of  it  had 
I  '  laktn  Money  for  their  Voices,  a  Committee  was 
'  appointed  of  all  the  Privy  Council  of  that  Houfe, 
I  '  with  others,  to  meet  that  Afternoon,  in  the  Siar- 
'  Chamber,  to  examine  what  Perfons,  being  Mem- 
'  bers  of  that  Houfe,  had  taken  any  Fees  or  Rewards 
'  for  their  Voices,  in  the  Furtheranceor  Hinderance 

*  of  any  Bills  offeied   in   the  Houfe.     Who,  the 
'  next  Day,  reported,  That  they  could  not  learo  of 

*  any  Member  that  had  fold  his  Voice  in  the  Houfe, 

*  otany  way  dealtunlawfully,  or  indireflly,  in  that 

*  Behalf.     Thereupon,  Mr  A'ir/ra  declaring.  That 

*  he  heard  fomc  had  himin  Sufpicion  thai'Way, 
^*  juftified  himfclf ;  and  was,  upon  the  Queftion, 
^R  cleared,  and  his  honeft  and  jnft  Deal!nir,and  great 
^mF  Pains-ta'Kuig  declared  antl  affirmed  by  the  Votes  of 
^P"  the  whole  Houfe.'  Ifthis  Purgation, or  Scrutiny, 
^^»as  truly  made,  it  is  a  remarkable  Inftancc  of  the 

integrity  and  Incorrupiion  of  Parliaments  in  thofe 

But,  we  find  that  this  Qjeen  had  fmall  Occafion 
to  bribe  her  Parliaments ;  they  were  ready  enough 
Togive  her  every  Thing  flie  wanted,  even  without 
asking.  And,  when,  at  any  Time,  they  touched 
Xipon  her  Prerogative,  either  in  Religious  or  Civil 
Matters,  a  haughty  MelTage  or  two  brought  them, 
tamely,  to  fubmit   and,  calmly,  bear  tlie  Burden; 

One  Inftance  more,  amongft  many  in  this  Reign, 
3s  now  before  us.     For,  when  this  Parliament  was 

Sickling  about  a  farther  Reformation  in  Church-Af- 

iaits,  and  had  framed  Articles  for  that  Purpofe  ; 

'jc  fent  the  Commons    Word,   '  That  {he  liked 

*  their  Articles  well  enough,  but  would  haveihem 

*  publifhedhy  the  Bifhops,   under  the  Direflion  of 

P*  her  own  Royal  and  Supreme  Auihority  ;  poCiUve- 
ly,   inhibiting  ihem  from  dealing  in  fuch  Mat- 


I  c5    The  T^frliatnentary  HisTOKY. 

Elizabeth.  ^^  the  printed  Statutes  are  only  the  Titles  a 
57X.  twenty-eight  A£ls  pafled  this  Seflton,  in  the  Ca- 
talogue of  the  Lords  Journals  are  forty-one  ;  buf, 
in  the  Supernumerary  are  none  of  any  Moment, 
except  what  have  been  mentioned.  On  the  29th  of 
Mayy  a  Bill  for  a  general  Pardon  was  read  thrice,  ip 
the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  concluded.  And  in  the 
Afternoon  of  the  fame  Day  the  Queen  came  to  the 
Houfe  of  Lords,  and  being  feated  on  the  ThroDe, 
the  Speaker  of  the  Iloufe  of  Commons  came  up  will^ 
the  Bills,  and  made  a  Speech  on  the  OccafioQ. 
The  Particulars  of  which  are  not  given,  but  the 
"Journalijl  hath  preferved  the  Lord  Keeper,  Sir  -Nj^ 
ch6la$  Bacon^%  Anfwer  to  it,  which  is  as  follows : 

The  Lord  Keep- 
er's Speech   at 
the  Clofe  of  the 


Mr  Speaker^  '  .  , 

THE  Queen's  Majefty  hath  heard,  and  dotfc 
very  well  underftand,  how  difcreetly  and 
wifely  you  have  declared  the  Proceedings  of  thk 
Seflion  in  the  Nether  Houfe  ;  for  Anfwer  where- 
of, an'd  for  the  better  Signification  of  what  hxf 
Majefty's  Opinion  is,  both  of  Parliament  Men 
and  Parliament  Matters,  this  is  to  let  you  under- 
ftand, her  Majefty  hath  commanded  me  to  fay 
unto  yci^,  that  like  as  the  greateft  Number  of 
them  of  the  Lower  Houfe,  have  in  the  Proceed- 
ings of  this  Sefjon  Ihev/'d  themfelves  modeft,  dif- 
creet,  and  dutiful,  as  becomes  good  apd  loving 
Subjefts,  and  meet  for  the  Places  that  they  be 
called  unto  :  So  there  be  certain  of  them,  altbo' 
not  many  in  Nui;nber,  who  in  the  Proceeding  oi 
this  SefTion,  have  (hew'd  themfelves  audacious, 
arrogant,  and  prefumptuous,  calling  her  Maje- 
fty's Grants  and  Prerogatives  alio  in  queftioD, 
contrary  to  their  Duty  and  Place  that  they  te 
called  unto  5  and  contrary  to  the  exprefs  Adono* 
nition  given,  in  her  Majefty's  Name,  in  the  Be- 
ginning of  this  Parliament  ;  which  it  mighx^wy 
well  have  become  them  to  have  had  more  Regard 
unto.  But  her  Majefty  faith,  that  feeing  they 
will  thus  wilfully  forget  themfelves,  they  are  o* 
tberwife  to  be  j^membred  ;  and  like  as  her  Ma^. 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       157 

jefty  allows  and  mud)  commends  tlie  former  Sort,  (jgjj^j,;^^,  . 
(or  the  Relpefls  afo^e^aid  ;  fo  doih  her  Highnefs  1571, 
utterly  difalbw,  and  condemn  ih^  fecond  Sort, 
for  their  aud:icious,  arrogant,  and  isrefumpiuous 
Folly,  thus  by  f'-ip:rfluous  Speech  fpending  much 
Time  in  meddling  wiih  Matters  neither  pertain- 
ing to  them,  nor  with  la  theCapaciiy  of  their  Un- 

'  And  thus  much  concerning  the  Parliament  of 
ihe  Lower  Houfe. 

'  And  as  £0  the  LorJs  here  of  the  Upper  Houfe, 
her  Majcfty  hath  commanded  me  to  let  you 
know,  that  her  Highnefs  taketh  their  Diligence, 
Dilirreiion,  and  ordtriy  Proceedings,  to  be  luch, 
as  redoundcthmuch  10  iheir  Honour  and  Com- 
mendation'!, and  much  to  her  Comfort  and  Con- 
folation.  And  here  an  End  touching  Parliament 

'  Now  as  to  Parliament  Matters,  her  Majefty 
haih  commanded  me  to  open  and  declare  unlo 
you,  her  Opinion  conceived  therein,  touching 
Iwo  Things ;  the  one  is  concerning  the  SuhJidy 
and  Benevolence,  ihe  cher  is  concerning  the 
Execution  of  the  Laws.  As  to  the  former, 
which  concerneth  the  Subfidy  and  Benevolence, 
her  Pleafure  is  that  I  fliall  fay  unto  you,  that  .in 
your  Dealings  in  that  Matrer  flie  hath  noted  three 
Things  principally,  every  of  them  tending  much 
to  the  fetcing  forth  of  your  Benevolences  and 
goodwills;  ihe  (iritis,  who  it  was  that  granted, 
the  fecond,  i:  the  Manner  of  the  grant- 
ing, the  third  what  it  was  that  was  granted.  As 
to  the  firft,  her  Majefty  forgettelh  not,  that  it  is 
a  Grant  made  proceeding  from  the  earneft  Af- 
feflions,  and  hearty  good  Wills,  of  her  good, 
dutiful,  and  obedient  Subjects,  for  the  greateli 
Part:  And  therefore  hath  commanded  me  to  lay 
unio  you,  ihar  (hemakech  a  greater  Accompt  of 
the  great  good  Wills  und  benevolent  Minds  of  her  ^ 

good  and  loving  Subjects,  than  fhe  doth  of  ten  fl 

Subfidies  ;  which,  as  it  ought  to  bring  and  breed  " 

in  u3  great  Comfort  and  Delight,  fo  in  rcafon  rt 
^  ou  ht 

Qaeen  Elizabeth 

I  j8     The  Parliamentary  Histort 

ought  to  move  us  (as  I  doubt  not  but  it  dothj  ti 
be  and  continue  fuch  as  be  worthy  fuch  an  Eftima- 
tion  and  Account.  Again,  her  Majefty  forgetied 
not,  that  bcfides  this  is  not  a  Gram  by  good  and 
loving  Subjefts,  that  never  made  like  Grant  here- 
tofore, but  by  fuch  as  have  contributed  fro« 
Time  to  Time,  as  the  neceflary  Charges  of  the 
Realm,  and  their  own  Sureties  have  required j 
which  doth  much  commend  and  fet  forth  tiiii 
Benevolence  of  yours.  And  thus  much  concern* 
ing  the  Perfons  that  have  granted. 

*  And  as  to  the  fecond,  which  is  the  Manner  of 
granting,  her  Highnefs  knoweth  very  well,  that 
before  her  Time  thefe  Manner  of  Grants  have 
fundry  Times  pad,  not  without  Difficulties,  witk 
long  Perfuafions,  and  fometimes  not  withoal 
{harp  Speeches,  but  this  contrariwife  without  any 
fuch  Speeches  or  other  Difficulty,  hath  been  free- 
ly and  frankly  offered  and  prefented  ;  and  like  ai 
the  former  djd  much  extenuate  their  Benevolence 
fo  is  this  of  yours  greatly  extended.  It  is  written 
and  very  truly,  concerning  Benevolences,  ^ 
diu  di/iulit  diu  noluit^  and  therefore  juftly  con* 
eluded.  Bis  dat  qui  cito  dat  ;  ^  which  Sayings  fhe 
cannot  but  apply  to  you,  in  the  Proceedings  of 
your  Grant. 

'  Again,  Univerfality  in  Confent  doth  greatly 
commend  alfo  your  Dealings  in  this  Matter  ;  for 
a  more  univerfal  Confent  than  was  in  this,  wiU 
hardly  be  had  in  any  5  and  therefore  much  the 
more  commendable.  And  thus  much  touching 
the  Manner  of  the  Gift. 

*  And  to  the  third,  which  concerneth  the  Thing 
given,  her  Majefty  faith,  that  (he  thinkelhit  to 
be  as  great  as  any  heretofore  hath  been  granted,  - 
and  therefore  you  are  to  receive  condign  Thanb . 
for  it.     And  hath  further  willed  me  to  fay,  that 
if  the  Service  of   the  Realm  and  your  Surcliei 
would  fo  permit  and  fufFer,  her  Majefty  would  ai  * 
gladly,    as  readily,    and    as   frankly   remit  tbi^ 
Grant,  as  you  have  freely  and  liberally  granted  it»  ■ 
Thus  I  have  remcmbred  unto   you  the  three- 

•  princely 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D,        isp 

princely  Obfervations,  her  Maji^fty  haih  ron-  qu( 
'  ceivedofthisBenevolcnceof  yours,  much  lo  your 
'  Comfort,  and  greaiiy  to  her  M^.jefty's  Honour ; 
'  to  your  Commendalion  I'or  giantirg,  and  to  her 
'  Highnels  for  this  honourable  accepting  ;  for  her 
'  Majefty  flial!  by  this  Grant  receive  no  Com  mo - 
'dilyor  Benefit,  but  rather  a  continuah  Care  in 
'  difpetiding  and  employing  of  it,  about  the  necella- 
'  ry  Affairs  and  Service  of  the  Realm,  and  your 
'  Sureties  ;  and  yet  it  is  a  great  Comfort  to  her 
'  Majefty,  to  fee  ynu  thus  frankly  and  freely  join 
'  withherlelf,  the  Realm,  and  you, 

'  Now  to  the  fecond  and  laft:  Part,  vhich  con- 
'  cerncth  the  Execuiion  of  the  Laws,  which  I 
'  trean  to  divide  into  two  Paris ;  the  firft  is  the 
■'  EKccution  of  your  Grant,  ifie  fecond  is  the  Ex- 
ecution of  Laws,  now  made  by  you,  and  of  the 
relt  made  before  of  others.  As  to  the  former,  I 
,  am  to  remember  you,  that  like  as  it  hath  pleafed 
the  Queen's  Majefty  thus  princely,  honourably,' 
and  thankfully,  to  think  of  and  accept  this  free 
and  liberal  Grant  of  yours ;  lb  certainly,  if  the 
like  Diligence  and  Endeavour  be  not  ufed,  by  fuch 
ol  you  as  Choice  fhwll  be  made  of  by  her  Maje- 
fty, for  the  due  putting  in  Execution  of  this 
Grant,  then  furely  thofe  that  fliall  be  thus  remifs, 
or  negligent,  as  by  that  Means  her  Majefty  and 
the  Realm  (hall  be  defrauded  ol  any  Part  of  that 
which  hath  been  thus  freely  granted,  fliall  there- 
by minifter  juft  occalion  to  her  Highnefs  to  have 
their  Fideli'y  and  Truth  towards  her  Majefty, 
much  to  be  fufpedted  and  charged  ;  which  would 
touch  them  very  near.  Neither  is  it  an  Offence 
that  would  be  pretermitted,  butfevercly  puniflied. 
Why,  if  the  Cafe  were  between  common  Per- 

■  fons,  can  there  be  a  greater  Untruth  and  Un- 
'  ihankfulnets,  than  for  a  Man  to  make  a  Grant  in 
^  Appearance  willingly  and  readily,  and  then  to 
'  feek.  wilily  and  craftily  to  defraud  the  fame  Grant  ? 
*  This  amongft  honeft  Ptrfons  is  utterly  delefted, 

■  and  if  fo,  how  then  might  it  be  thought  of  be- 
"  tween  the  Prince  and  his  Subjects,  where  for  di- 

'i^o    nwTarliamsHtayy  HisToar 

, '  vers  Rcfpeds  this  Bond  is  thrice  as  great  ;  Tor  ss 
'  the  Subjeft,  by  the  Duty  of  his  Allegiance,  is  to 
'  ferve  the  Prince  truly,  even  fo  is  he  by  his  Oath, 

*  and  foisheby  thegreat  Truit,  that  by  the  Princes 
'  Choce  is  commiiced  unto  him,  as  a  Commifli- 
'  oner  in  this  Matter,  above  others.    Plainly  to 

*  fpeak,  it  may  be  affirmed,  and  that  juftly,  that 
'  fuch  as  be  in  Commiflion  for  the  Execution  of 

*  this  Grant,  and  {hall  deal  partially,  either  for  Fa-  l^l^ 
'  vour  or  for  Fear,  or  -for  Love  to  themfelves  or  f  ^ 
'  their  Friends,  or  negligently  or  remiJly,  ofPiiT' 

*  pofe  whereby  her  Majefty  (hall  not  be  anfwete*! 

*  of  what   is  due  unto  her ;    fuch,    I  lay,   may 

*  jufllybe  charged  as  Men  forgeiting  their  Duij'' 
'  towards  God,  and  their  Sovereign,  and  to  the**- 
'  Country.     It  cannot  be  denied,    that  Number"^ 

*  refpeftonly  their  private  Profit,  and  not  theun 

*  verfal  Profit  of  [he  Realm,  which  is  their  Sutet^^ 
'  and  Defence,;  ihey  refpeift  themfelves  as  privat^^ 

*  Petfons,  and  not  as  Members  of  the  Univerfa -'_ 

*  Body  i  but  their  Imperfe^lion  would  be  fuppliee 
'  by  ihe  Wifdom  and  Perfwafion  of  fuch,  as  ih— 
'  Queen's  Majefty  (hall  commit  Trufl:  unto  by  he==' 
'  CommilTion,  to  fee  this  Subfidy  well  and  itul;^^_y 
'  levied. 

'  And   thus   much   for   the   Execution  of  tf^c^^^ 
'  Grant.     Now  to  the  Execution  of  Laws,  mat^^^s 

*  by  you,  and  the  reft  made  heretofore  by  others.  ^ 
'  am  torememberyou,  thatall  thefe  Labours,  TrESS^" 

*  vels,  and  Pains,  taken  about  the  Laws  no^'""^ 
'  made,  and  before  time  taken  about  the  reft  her^^^' 
'  tolore  made,  and  all  the  Charge  fuftained  by  tJ-r^l^s 
'  Realm  about  the  making  of  them,  is  all  in  vaii^  -'"' 

*  and  Labour  loft,  without  the  due  Execution  »■  °' 
'  them.     For,  as  it  hath  been  faid,  a  Law  withoi.^  ^'^^ 

*  Execution  is  but  a  Body  without  Life,  a  CauC  -^^'^ 
'  without  an  EffeiSt,  a  Countenance  of  aThin^*^S' 
'  and  indeed  nothing  ;  Pen,  Ink,  and  Paper,  as.  -^^' 
'  as  much  towards  the  Governance  of  the  Conr*^' 
'  monweahh,  as  the  Rudder  ot  Helm  of  a  Shr  *"P 
'  ferveth  to  the  Governance  of  it  without  a  Gove*^  '^^' 
'  ner,  and  as  Rods  fcrve  for  Correction   withoi^^'"' 


Were  -it  not  meer  Madnefs  for 

'  to  provide  fair  Torches  to  guide  his  going  by 
'  Night,  and  when  he  (hould  ufe  them  in  the 
'  Daik  to  carry  them  unlight .'  Or  for  one  to  pro- 
'  vide  fair  and  liandljme  Tools  to  prune  or  re- 
'  form  his  Orchard  or  Garden,  and  to  lay  them  up 
'  without  Ufe  ?  And  what  Thing  elfe  is  it  to  make 

*  wholfome  and  provident  Laws  in  fair  Books,  and 
'tolay  them  up  fafe,  without  feeing  them  execut- 
'ed!  Surely  in  Reafon  there  is  no  Difference  be- 

*  tWEcn  ihe  Examples,  faving  that  the  making  of 
'Laws,  without  Execution,  is  in  much  worfe 
'  Cafe,  than  thole  vain  Provifions  before  rcmem- 

i  for  thofe,  alteit  ihey  do  no  Good, 
'  yet  they  do  no  Hurt ;  but  the  making  of  Laws 
'  without  Execution,  does  very  much  Harm  ;  for 
*  that  breeds  and  brings  forth  Contempt  of  Laws, 
■"  and  Law-makers,  and  of  all  Magiftrates  ;  which 
'  ii  the  very  Foiindation  of  all  Mifgovernance,  and 
■■Iberefore  mull  needs  be  great  and  heinous  in  thofe 
'that  are  the  Caufcrs  of  this  j  indecJ  they  are  the 
^Tery  Cecal] ons  of  all  Injuries  and  Irjullice,  and 
prf all  Dilbrders  and  Unquieinefs  in  the  Common- 
"Wealth.  For  certain  and  evident  it  is,  ihal  the 
iQueen'sMajefty,  that  is  Head  of  the  Law,  doth 
^1  meet  for  her  M^jefty  to  do,  for  the  due  Ex- 
•cution  of  ihejn.  Firft,  (be  giveth  her  Royal 
AiTentto  the  making  of  ihcm  i  the  moll  material 
lOf  them  (he  tummandeth  to  be  proclaimed  and 
publilhed  ;  and  yet  ceafeth  not  there,  but  fhc 
Klanccth  out  her  CommiiJion  into  every  of  her 
Shires,  to  Men  which  are  or  fhoiild  be  of  greateil 
Confideiation  within  the  Limits  of  their  Charge| 
frhich  for  the  better  executing  of  them  arc  fworn 
b  fee  the  Execution  of  her  Laws  to  them  corn- 
Bitted,  within  ihe  Limits  of  their  Commiflions ) 
Ind  yet  belides  all  rhis,  by  her  Majefty's  Com- 
liundment,  a  Number  of  thcfe  Juftices  are  yearly 
*ncc  at  the  leaft  call'd  into  her  Highneflea  Star- 
•Chamber,  and  there  in  her  Majelty  s  Name,  cx^ 
Wled,  admonifhed,  and  commanded,  to  fee  the 
Ale  Execution  of  their  Charges. 
-  Vol.  IV.  L  •  And 

Queen  Elisabetlu 

1 62   The  Tarlijmefitary  History 

'  And  thus  you  fee  her  Majefty  enafteth,  pro- 
daimeih,  comroitteth,  exhorteth,  admoniihetfaj 
and  ccmmandcth  from  Time  to  Time;  yea, 
what  can  bedevifed  meet  for  her  Majefty  to  db, 
for  Help  of  this,  that  is  kft  undone  ?  Surely  ixh 
thing,  to  her  Majefty*s  Honour  and  Renowiv 
Whereupon  it  followeth,  necefl'arily  and  confe- 
quently,  that  the  whole  Burthen  of  the  Oflfeflcr 
and  Enormity  mtrft  light  upon  us,  that  are  pat  kr 
Truft  by  her  Majefty,  to  fee  thofe  Laws  €»•' 
cuted  ;  and  certainly  this  Offence  groweth  gnr 
or  little,  as  the  Truft  committed  for  theEzfiO*' 
tion  of  Laws,  is  great  or  little  ;  aiKl  therefoie  it 
ftandeth  us  greatly  upon,  to  ufe  our  whole  Ounei 
and  Endeavours,  for  the  Help  of  this  hereaftcft 
Were  it  poflible,  trow  you,  that  if  Jufticesbekf 
difpers'd  through  the  whole  Realm,  as  they  tii 
did  carefully  and  diligently  endeavour  themielve^ 
according  to  the  Truft  committed  unto  them.  Iff 
their  Sovereign,  duly  and  truly  to  execute  thm 
Charge,  as  they  be  bound  by  their  Oath  to  God| 
and  by  their  Allegiance  to  their  Sovereign,  and 
by  Duty  to  their  natural  Country,  and  rigibdf 
confidei'd,  by  the  Love  they  fhould  bear  to  thtan 
felvesand  their  Pofterity,  (for  if  their  Country  do 
not  well,  they  (hall  fare  but  illfavour^ilyj  WW 
it  poflible,  I  fay,  if  this  were  fo  done,  thatLtwl 
fhould  be  thusremifly  and  negligently  executedl 
No,  doubtlefs.  Is  it  not,  trow  you,  a  m(nifiilMi 
difguifing,  to  have  a  Juftice  a  Maintaioer }  10 
have  him  that  fhould  by  his  Oath  and  Dutf-llJ 
^-  forth  JulUce  and  Right,  againft  his  Oath  offer " 
Jury  and  Wrong;  to  have  him  that  is 
.  chofen  amongtt  a  Nuniber  by  a  Prince  toa|^ 
all  Brawlings  and  Controvei fies,  to-be  a  S01 
and  Maintainer  of  Strife  and  Sedition,  by  fwa] 
and  leading  of  Juries  according  to  his  Will ; 
quitting  fome  for  Gain,  indifting  others  for 
Uce,  bearing  with  them  as  his  Servant  or  Fl 
overthrowing  others  as  his  Enemy  j  procuriof 
Queftmonger  to  be  of  his  Livery,  or  otherwUp 
his  Danger  ;  that  his  Winks,  Frowningii  •> 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      163 

Countenances  may  diredtall  Inquefts?  Surely,  QuMn 
furelj),  thefe  be  ihey  that  be  Subverters  of  all 
good  Laws  and  Orders ;  yea,  that  make  daily  the 
Liws,  which  of  their  Nature  be  good,  to  become 
laftruments  of  all  Injuries  and  Mifchiefs  ;  thefe 
be  they  indeed  of  whom  fuch  Examples  would  be 
made,  asoMhc  Foundersand  Maintainera  of  all 
Enormities ;  and  thefe  be  thofe,  whom,  if  you 
cannot  reform  for  their  Greatnefs,  you  ought  to 
complain  of  them  ;  and  like  as  this  is  not  faid  of 
itiofe  that  be  good,  fo  is  this  and  much  more  to 
be  faid  and  done  againft  thofe  that  be  evil. 
'  But  here  it  may  be  faid,  the  Mifchief  appears  i 
what  is  the  Remedy  ?  To  make  all  Laws  pre- 
Tenrly  executed  :  I  can  hardly  hope  to  make  them 
in  better  Cafe  than  now  ihey  be,  and  although  I 
had  fuch  Hopes,  I  could  find  no  more  Helps  but 

'  The  firft  is,  having  great  Care  in  the  Choice 
of  the  Officers:  The  fecond,  by  fiiarp  Correfti- 
onjimpofed  upon  fuch  Offenders.  There  fhuuld 
be  throughout  the  Rtalm  a  Triennial  or  Biennial 
Vifiiation  in  this  Nature,  made  of  all  Temporal 
Officers  and  Minifters,  that  by  vitiue  of  their 
Office  have  in  Charge  to  fee  Execution  of  Laws. 
Bythis  1  mean,  that  the  Queen's  Majefty  fhould 
make  Choice  every  fecond  or  third  Year,  ofcer- 
lain  expert  and  approved  Perfons,  to  whom  Com- 
miflion  ihould  be  granted,  to  try  out  and  exa- 
mine, by  all  good  Means  and  Ways,  the  Offen- 
ces of  all  fuch  as  have  not  feen  to  the  due  Execu- 
tion of  the  Laws,  and  according  to  theOlfencd' 
fo  found  and  certified,  to  be  fliarply  punifhed 
without  OmifP.on  or  Redemption. 
'  Of  Effedt  like  unio  thi?,  and  to  the  like  End, 
was  the  Vifitation  of  the  Church  fiiil  devifed, 
whereof  came  in  the  Beginning  great  Gooddoubi- 
lefe;  and  Realbn  I  fee  none,  but  thata  like  Good 
I  ~  ought  to  follow  upon  a  like  Vilitation  made  a- 
\  ^  inoogft  Temporal  Officers.  Now  to  find  out. 
A  *  'he  Faults  feemcth  not  hard,  for  ainongft  many 
j«  *  other  Waysj  there  is  one  plain,  evident  andeafy  ; 
I  Li  *  and 

164    The  Tarliamentary  History 

ih.  •  and  that  is  where  Offences  do  abound  in  any 
'  Country,  contrary  to  ibe  Laws,  which  the  Jui- 
'  tices  (hould  lb  reform,  and  there  be  nothing  done 
'  by  them  for  the  Reformation  of  ihofe  Offences  ; 
'  I  do  not  fee  but  ihis  makes  a  full  Charge  of  their 
'  Uiicarefulnefsand  Ncglij^ence,  whereby   they  are 

*  wellworihy,  upon  Certificate  made,  as  is  afore- 

*  faid,  to  be  removed  of  all  Governance,  10  their 

*  perpetual  Ignominy,  and  10  tlie  Commendation 
'  of  all  ihofe  that  remain  as  good  Officers. 

'  And  befides,    to  fet   forth  other  Pains  upon. 

*  them,  as  by  Law  may  be  juflifiedj    if  this  were 

*  once  or  twice  done,  1  doubt  not  but  the  Examples 

*  following  of  the  doing  of  it  would  caufe  greatea 

*  Diligence  to  be  ufed  in  the  Execution  of  Laws- 

*  than  now  there  is.  And  the  better  to  underllani= 
'  which  be  ihofe  Jultices  that  do  oH'cnd,  whg 
'  might  there  not  be  Order  taken,  that  the  Nam 

*  of  every  Juftice  that  hath  not  prolecuted  any  OE 

*  fender    for  any  Offence  committed  contrary  [ 

*  any  Law,  which  by  the  Commiffion  that  he  is  it — 
'  he  is  authorifed  to  fic  punlflied,  might  be  enm^— 
'  into  fome  Rolls  ;  and  alio  how  often,  and  ho-~ 

*  manyofthofe  Kindof  Offences  he  hath  alfo  prc=: 
'  fecuted  for  a  Dechraiion  of  his  Diligence,  wher^ 
'  by  it  might  appear  when  fuch  Vifitaiion  fl)oi»- 

*  come,  who  hath  been  careful,  and  who  hath  be^K 

*  negligent,  to   the  End  thai  the  fiothful,  drow^ 

*  Drones,  might  be  fevered  from  the  diligent  ufl 

*  careful  Bees.  And  like  as  I  could  wifli  this  to  ^k 
'  doneconcerning  Officers  of  mean  Degree,  Co  dc3* 
*.  defire  that  the  fame  Courfe  might  be  taken  w  '^ 
%  the  great  and  greateft,  for  lo  it  (hould  be  equab^l 
'  But  if  there  be  nothing  done  therein,  but  Tbic — ^ 

*  left  as  they  have  been,  then  mull  you  look  to  h^^ 

*  your  Laws  executed  js  they  have  been,  if  w^ 
'  worfe  J  for  Words  will  not  reform  thefcMatt^^f 
'  as  1  have  feen  by  Proof.  And  this  is  ihcSun^  ' 
'  what  I  have  lo  fay  at  this  Time,  concerning  *i 
'  Execution  of  Laws.' 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      itfj 

This  Speech  being  ended,  and  the  Royal  Adetit  QutenEi^ubftb. 
^ven  to  the  Bills,  the  Lord  Keeper,  by   her  Ma-        'S7i- 
Jelly's  Command,  diflblved  the  Parliament. 

Mailers  began  now  to  be  very  critical  with   tiie 
Qtieen  of  5fo/i,  who  had  been  a  PrilbnEf  in  £»;^- Proceedings   re. 
i^Wevcrfincc  ihefled  here  for  Proiedtion  from  hcr'^'nK  "  Maiy 
>«bellious  S'jbjeas  ;  who  had  now  aiftually  depofed  ^'"^       *"''■ 
her,  and  fel  her  young  Son  James  on  the  Throne. 
Being  weary   of  Reltraint,   tlie  unhappy   Qiieen 
«ad  ufed  many  Endeavours  to  efcape,  which   were 
then  called  Confpiracies  againft   the  Englifl)  Go- 
vernment.    In  one  of  which  the  had  drawn  in  the 
Xluhe  of  AV/ortto  allilt  her;    and,  by  a  formal 
Coniraft  of  Marriage  between  them,  the  Duke  fell 
lotoa  Snare  which  etfeflually  ruin'd  him.     He  was 
airaigoed  for  this  and  fome  more  Crimes  laid  to  his 
Qiatge,  was   iried  by  his  Peers,  and  unanimoufly 
ind  guilty  of  High  Treafon.     Bui  whilft  this  no- 
lle Duke  lay   under  Sentence  of  Death,  another 
"  infpiracy  was  formed  lo  releafe  him  j  which  being 
md  out,  and  the  Adlors  in   it  executed,  it  was 
lought  ncceffary  to  call  a   new   Parliament,  the  a   nw  Pariw- 
_  'try  next  Year  after  the  Diffoluiion  of  the  laft,  to  mt"'  ('i''''- 
i&me  fuch  Laws  as  might  eftablifh  the  Q^-een  and 
the  prefent  Gooernmeni,  on  the  moft  laftingFoun- 

It  hath  been  hinted,  more  than  once,  in  thefe 
Inquiries,  that  the  Jealoufy  the  Queen  was  under, 
as  Weil  as  all  the  Englijh  Protejlatiti  of  thofe  Days, 
about  the  Queen  of  Sots,  was  the  Occalion  of  her 
Imprifonment ;  n  hich  ended  not  but  with  the  Lofs 
cf  her  own  Life  and  many  of  her  Friends.  A  Par-'^nnoReKi"  "4- 
Ikment  was  fummoned  hy  Writs,  dated  at  Green-  ^ 
V4cb,  to  meet  at  IVfJhmnjhr,  May  8rh,  i  " 
iourtcerth  Year  of  this  Reign. 

The  Queen  had  alio  fummoned  four  new  Barons 
to  this  Parliament,  the  Writs  for  calling  them  be- 
ing cmec'd  in  the  Lords  Jaurnah;  and,  on  the  ift 
Dsy  of  the  Meeting,  thty  were  iniroducedaccord- 
inyy.    Their  Name-:  were  Ji/^n  I>ord  PmUt,  of 
I      '^"^"^i  Son  lo  the  M,irqiiisof  ll^imhfjler ;  Henry 
I     Lwd  CoTipton  ;    Henry  Lord  Ct'fniy,   and  Henry 
I  L  j  Lord 

At  Wcnminflar. 

1 66  The  Tarliamentary  History 

Queen  Elizabeth.  ^^^^  Norris.  There  is  nothing  elfe  entered  in  the 
1572.  Journals  of  either  Houfe,  to  be  done  on  this  Day ; 
but  Sir  Simonds  Dewes  hath  fupplied  this  Defcfl 
from  a  MSS.  of  his  own,  which  gives  us  the  Lord 
Keeper's  Speech  at  the  Opening  of  the  Parliament 
in  thefe  Words : 

The  Lord  Keep* 
•r*s  Speech  at 
opening  the  Par- 

THE  Queen's  Majefty,  our  moft  dread  afld 
gracious  Sovereign  Lady,  hath  given  .me 
Commandment  to  declare  unto  you  the  Cauki 
of  the  Summons  of  this  Aflembly  for  a  Pdrlti- 
ment  to  be  holden  here  at  this  Time ;  whcreiii 
albeit  I  mean  to  employ  my  whole  Endeavour  to 
the  utter  moft  of  my  Power  and  Underftandings 
yet  I  muft  needs  confefs,  that  neither  (hall  yoa 
have  it  done  as  the  Majefty  of  this  Prefertcc,  nei- 
ther as  the  Gravity  of  the  Caufe  requireth  it  to  be 
done.   And  yet  the  often  Experience  that  I  haft, 
divers  and  fundry  Times,  had  of  the  Queen's  Ma- 
jefty's  great  Benignity  and  Gentlenefs,  in  bearing 
with  and  well  accepting  the  Doings  of  thole  thai 
to  her  Service  put  their  good  Wills  and  DiUgeD- 
ces ;  and,  befides  all,  the  Proof  of  your  Patiena 
in  the  like  Matter  hath  fo  much  encouraged  oeKi 
that  (as  I  truft)  it  fhall  be  done  although  not  cuo* 
ningly  nor  eloquently,  yet  plainly  and  truly,  k 
as  it  may  be  well  underftood  and  eafily  born  away 
and  therewith  alio  as  briefly  as  the  Greatnefs  01 
fuch  a  Matter  will  fuffer.     True  it  is,  the  origi 
'  nal  and  principal  Caufe  is,  that  Things  there  pra 
pounded  may  be  orderly  and  diligently  debated 
oeeply  confidered,   and   thereupon   wifely  cofr 
eluded.     And  to  the  End,  alio,  that  thofe  CoB* 
clufions  fo  made,  the  rather  for  fuch  an  univc^ 
fal  Confent  as  in  Parliament  is  ufed,  remain  fiin 
and  ftable. 

*  Now  the  Matters  that  are  in  this  ParliamiOl 
to  be  proved,  do  confift  altogether  of  two 
The  former  is  in  Matters  of  Religion,  for 
better  Maintenance  of  God's  Honour  and'i 
The  fccond  in  Matters  of  Policy,  for  fK*" 
perfect  upholding  and  eftablifliing  of  tf^ 

Cir   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       167 

*  Majefty's  Royal  Eftate,  and  the  Prefervation  ofQgeenHixabctli, 

*  the  Common- Weal  committed  to  her  Charge.       isji, 
'  The  Caufes  of  Religion  are  again  to  be  divided 

*  into  two,  that  is,  into  Matter  concerning  the 

*  good  Government  of    the  Subjcdls  at  Home, 

*  and  into  Caufes  of  Defence  againft  the  Enemy 

*  Abroad. 

*  And  thus  by  this  Proceis  you  fee  you  are,  as 
'  indeed  you  ou^t, 

'  Firft,  To  confider,  in  this  your  Aflembly,  of 
'  God's  Caufe,  which  faithfully,  fincerely  and  dili- 
'  gently  done,  like  as  it  cannot  but  bringSuccefs  to 
'  all  the  reft,  fo  likewife  lukewarm,  deceitful  and 
'  double-dealing  therein  cannot  but  breed,  nourlHi 
'  and  bring  forth  Factions,  Divifions,  Seditions,  &r. 
^  to  the  great  Peril  and  Danger  of  all  the  reft. 

*  And  the  greater  that  the  Perfonages  be  in  Autho- 
'  rity  and  Dignity  that  thus  deal,  the  greater  of 

*  Neceffity  muft  be  the  Danger  of  the  Oammon- 

*  Weal.     And  becaufe  God's  Law  and  Doftrine, 

*  being  the  firil  Law  and  Branch,  muft  light  upon 
'  ourfelves  that  ought  to  take  the  BeneBt  of  it,  as 
'  firft  ^nd  chiefly  upon  Minifters  of  this  Do£trine, 

*  eiihei  for  not  preaching  and  teaching  by  Word 

*  and  Example  of  Life  fo  purely  and  reverently  as 

*  they  might,  or  elfe  not  fo  diligently  as  they  were 

*  bound.     And 

*  Secondly,  Upon  us  for  not  hearing  it  fo  defir- 
'  oully,  or  elfe  hearing  it  and  forgetting  it,  or  not 

*  following  it  fo  effeftuaily  as  we  fliould. 

*  Thirtily,  For  that  many  of  us  of  the  Laity  do 
'  not  yield  and  give  thatEftimstion,  Countenance 
'  and  Credit  to  the  Minifters  of  his  Dodlrinc  which 

of  Right  they  ought  to  have,  and  that  many 

greatly  hurt  the  fetting  forth  of  it :  For  tliis  one 

Thing  may  be  holden  firm  by  the  Rules  of  good 

Government ;  that  all  Officers  both  Spiritual  and 

'  Temporal   that  have  Governance,    during  the 

'  Time  of  their  Offices,  ought  to  be  prefervcd  in 

'  Credit  and  Eftimation.     For  how  can  any  Tiling 

*  be  well  fct  forth  by  them  that  want  Credit  ?  Mai  - 

Q^een  Elizabeth. 

1 68     The  Parliamentary  Hisrofif 

ry,  for  my  Part,  let  the  Time  of  their  CMfcci 
laft  as  their  Doings  do  defervc. 
'  Fourthly,  Becaufe  the  Want  of  the  Number  of 
Minifters  that  ought  to  be  and  be  not,  and  for  the 
Infufficiency  of  thofe  that  be  for  divers  Refpefl^, 
But  therein  the  Queen's  Highnefs  doubtcth  no- 
thing, but  all  that  which  the  Difficulty  of  Time, 
in  fo  great  a  Scarcity  of  Men  meet  to  be  Mipi- 
fters,  will  fuffer  to  be  done,  (hall  by  my  liOidt 
the  Bifhops  be  done  in  this  Behalf,  and  that  n 
fpeedily,  diligently  and  carefully  as  can  be-  Anl 
if  any  Perfon  admitted,  or  to  be  admitted  to  tlui 
Miniftry,  (hall  hereafter,  either  of  Arrog^ncy  or 
Ignorance,  (hew  any  ftrange  Dodrine,  contrarj 
or  varying  from  that  which  by  common  Confcii 
of  the  Realm  is  publiflied,  to  the  Breach  of  Uni- 
ty, that  he  by  thofe  to  whom  it  appertsunedu 
fharply  and  fpeedily  be  reformed,  all  Favour  mi 
Fear  fet  apart. 

*  Thus  much  for  Doftrine.  You  are  moft  ear- 
neftly  alfo  to  think  and  confider  of  the  Difci|diii^ 
of  the  Church,  as  one  of  the  ftrong  Pillars  of  Reli- 
gion, which  doubtlefs  at  this  Time  hruh  twc 
great  L^cks.  The  flrft  the  Ipfiperfedtion  of  Law| 
lor  the  Countenance  of  it,  which  hath  grown  ch 
ther  by  reafon  that  fundry  of  the  Ordinances  mad? 
for  that  Purpofc,  be  difufed  or  otherwife  hafC 
not  their  Force ;  or  elle  for  that  moft  of  theLai»| 
that  remain  be  fuch  as  for  their  Softnefs  few  Ma 
mnke  Account  of.  i 

*  The  fecond  Imperfection  i^  the  Slothfulnct 
Corruption  and  Fearfulnefs  of  the  Ecclefiafticil 
Miniftcrs  and  Officers  in  the  due  Execution  of 
thofe  Laws  that  be  good  and  yet  continue.  Tnie 
apd  too  true  it  is,  that  hereby  at  this  prefenttwo 
preat  Enormities  daily  grow  ;  The  former  thit 
Men  of  Wealth  and  Power,  given  to  be  evil,  nnf 
in  their  Countries  live  in  what  diflblute  and  licco* 
tious  Life  they  lift ;  and  both  Temporalty  and  Spi- 
ritualty offend  daily  in  all  the  Branches  ofSimonyi, 
the  very  Canker  of  the  Church,  without  fetfn|' 
Qf  tjii?  Dilciplmc,  : 

r         0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        iSj 

'  The  fecond,  That  many  of  the  laudable  RitesQufcnEliubetfc. 

*  and  Ceremonies  of  the  Church,  or  pertaining  to        *S7'- 

*  the  Miiiifters  of  the  lame  agreed  upon  by  com- 

*  mon  Confenc,  the  very  Ornamenis  of  our  Reli- 
I*  gion,  arc  very  ill  kept  oral  leaft  have  loft  a  great 

*  Part   of  their   Eftimation.     And  here   [through 

*  the  many  Faults  for  Want  of  Oifcipline)  to  re- 
•"  member  you  of  one  particular  Matter  of  great 
i'  Moment.  How  cometh  it  to  pafs  that  the  com- 
<f  man  People  in  the  Countiy  univerfally  come  fo 

*  feldom  to  Common- Prayer  and  Divine  Service  j 
i"*  and  when  they  do  come,    be  many  Times  fo 

*  vainly  occupied  there,  or  at  leaft  do  not  there  as 
'*  they  fhould  do,  but  for  Want  of  this  Difcipline? 

*  '  And  yet  to  the  Help  of  this  there  was  at  the 
'  lift  Parliament  a  Law  made,  but  hitherto  no 
'  Man,   no,  no  Man,  or  very  few,  hath  feen  it 

*  executed ;  as  plainly  to  fpeak.  Laws  for  the  Fur- 
'  therance  of  this  Difcipline  unexecuted,  be  Rods 
'  for  Correilion  without  Hands,     It  cannot  be  de- 

*     *  nied  but  as  Supeiftition  is  every  Way  to  be  abhor-  > 

'  red  for  Fear  of  Idolatry  ;  to  certainly  the  Lois 
'  of  this  Difcipline  is  always  to  be  avoided,  left  clfe 
'Contempt  (that  neceflarily  muft  follow)  may 
'  caufe  Irreligion  to  creep  fafter  in  than  a  Man 

*  would  thinli.  Forof  alloiherit  isthe  moft  pefti- 
'  lent  and  pernicious  Thing,  never  luffered  nor  al- 
'  lowed  in  any  Common- Weal,  nay  not  amongft 
'  the  Heathens  that  were  moft  barbarous.  But 
'  here  it  may  be  faid  the  Mifchief  appeareih,  where 
'  is  the  Remedy  ?  and  that  it  were  better  not  opcn- 
'  cd  in  fuch  a  Prel'ence,  than  opened  without  the 
'  Remedy  both  devifed  and  declared, 

'  In  mine  Opinion  the  Remedies  may  eafily  be 

I       •  devifed  :  All  the  DifBcuIty  is  in  the  well  execut- 

'  ingof  them.     As  firft,  if  the  chief  Parfonages  of 

I      '  this  Realm,  both  in  Town  and  Country,  would 

'  give  good  Example,  it  cannot  be  but  it  would  be 

'   much  to  the  remedying  of  a  great  Part  ot  this 

*  Mifchief. 

'Secondly,  The  dividing  every  one  of  the  Dio- 
,        *  cefes  according  to  their  Greainefs  iiilo  Deanarle?, 

170  The Tarlidf^eHtary ViisToKY 

%eeii£]ittbeth.  ^  ^  ^  I^ow  commonly  they  be ;  and  the  commit 

157^        ^  ting  of  the  Deanaries  to  Men  well  chofen,^  is  1 

^  think  commonly  they  be  not:  And  then  the keq^ 

*  ing  of  certain  ordinary  Courts  at  their  prefer^ 

*  Times  for  the  well  executing  of  thofe  Laws  of 
'  Difcipline,  as  they  ought  to  be,  with  afiireCoo- 

*  troulment  of  thofe  inferior  Minifters  by  the  BHbop 
^  or  his  Chancellor,  not  biennially  or  trienokdlfi 

*  but  every  Year  twice  or  thrice :  Whicl^  Ufe  of 

*  NeccflUy  without  very  great  Difficulty  may  do 

*  much  in  very  fliort  Time  to  the  Reformation  of 
^  this  i  the  chief  Officers  Ecclefiaftical  all  being  ftfj 
^  well,  and  -  the  Laws  themfelves  being  iirft  made 
'  fufficient  and  perfedt,  which  in  this  Parliament 

*  may  very  well  be  brought  to  pals,  4 
*  And,  becaufc  the  Proceedings  of  Matters  m 

*  Difcipline  and  Doftrine,  do  chiefly  concern  my 

*  Lords  the  Bifhops,  both  for  their  Underlbu^ 
^  ing  and  Ecclefiaftical  Fun£lioni\  therefore  the 

*  Queen's  Highncfs  looketh  that  they,  being  cal- 
^  led  together  here  in  Parliament,  fhould  take  tlie 

*  chiefeft  Care  to  confider  and-  confult  of  ihcfc 

*  Matters.     And  if  in  their  Conference  they  found 

*  it  behoofuU  to  have  any  Temporal  Adls  made^ 

*  for  the  amending  and  reforming  of  any  of  thcfe 

*  Lacks,  that  then  they  will  exhibit  it  here  in  Par-, 

*  liament  to  be  confidered  upon,  and  fo  Gkdias, 

*  Gladium  juvabit^  as  before- time  hath  been  ufeds 

<  forefeeing  always  that  all  Laws  and  Ordinance! n 

*  for  this  Matter  of  Doftrine  and  Difcipline  be  u*  -i 
^  niform,  and  fo  one  Sort  throughout  the  whole  ^ 

*  Realm.    And  thus  much  concerning  ReligioOtJ 

*  being  the  firft  Part,  J 
'  Now  to  the  Second,  that  is.  Matters  of  PoR*  \ 

*  cy.     And  herein  firft  for   the  Government  6t' 

*  the  Subjedls  at  Home ;  the  Lacks  and  Default!  %] 

*  whereof,  as  in  Difcipline  fo  in   this,  ftand  altogc*  J 
'  ther  in  the  Imperfedlion  of  Laws,  or  elfe  the  J 

*  Fearfulnels,    Slothfulnefs,    and   Corruption   of , 
«  Temporal  Officers,  that  ou^ht   to  fee   the  due 

*  Execution  of  them.     For  the  Help  of  the  for*  ^ 
<  mer>  you  are  to  examine  whether  any  Laws  al-  ' 

ready  j 

»      foil  are  ajfo  f„ ',°   ™  "'liole  Sa„       .  """ni 

:  sS;ti?.f<^r'^»TArSra°;- 

WeiteTh.?  ""^  "•     Vou  ,,°"';f""">a  be  for 

.   «iat 

'Jie  erear   r-      ^'P  ™t  this  ■   tj,    ,.    '  wngs,   r 
WoHi.    Ccrrm.i     "'•"'>'  '=  for  il.  k  ™  Second, 

172  The  Parliamentary  HrsTORT 

^ttnElittWtli,*  every  fecond  or  third  Year  of  certain  expert  and       i 
^S'*'        *  approved  Pcrfcns,  to  whom  Commiflion  fhnuld      j 

*  be  granted  to  try  out  and  examine,  by  all  Ways  ^ 
'  and  Means,   the  Offences  of  ail  luch  as  have  not  j»  , 

*  feen  to  the  due  Execution  of  the  Laws  accordingg^a 
'  to  the  Offices  and  Charges  committed  to  them  by^i_) 
'  ihe  Prince.      And  the  Offences  fo  found   aii — -^ 

*  certified  to  i>e  fliarply  punilhed  without  Remil^     "- 

*  fion  or  Redemption.  Of  Effedt  much  like  [his=^  , 
'  and  to  the  like  End,  was  the  Vifuation  ofth.  < 
'  Church  fifft  devifed ;  whereof,  in  the  Beginnin  ^ 
'  of  it,  came  great  Good  doubtlefs  ;    and  Reafon       i 

*  fee  none  but  the  like  Good  ouglit  to  follow  upo-  xi 
'  like  Vifitaiion  made  among  Temporal  Officers. 
'  And  the  old  Commiflion  of  Oyer  tended  fom^r-- 

*  what  to  this  End.     1  doubt  certainly  if  the  Law^.'s 

*  and  Statutes  ofihis  Realm  fliould  not  indifferently^, 
'  iiprighily,  and  diligently,  be  put  in  Execuiic^n 
'  (as  my  'IVull  is  they  (hall)  efpecially  in  the  great 
'  and  open  Courts  of  this  Realm,  then  my  BL:m-r- 
'  then,  I  confefs,  is  t  qua  I  with  ihegreateftj  axnd 
'  yet,  for  my  Part,  i  would  gladly  every  Yearh^ar 
'  of,  and  yield  to  fuch  a  Comptroller. 

'  Now  to  the  laft  and  greatelt,  which  is  the  H^  e- 

'  fence  againit  the  foreign  Enemy  abroad,  and      3iis 

*  Confederates,  brought  up  and  bred  amongft  "s 
'  ourfelves;  becaufe  thefe  Matters  be  by  reafon  n*:^^^ 

*  chiefly  in  Hand,  and  that  ilic  Dealings  of  the  o  ^Jt- 
'  ward  Enemy  be  Matters  that  go  10  the  whole,  f»-nd 

*  that  this  Prefence  you  know  reprefenteih  t!ie 
'  whole  :  Therefore   in  all  Congruity  it  fcem^sih 

*  Reafon,  that  all  we,  for,  and  in  the  Name  of    ^^ . 

*  whole,  confiJer  carefully  of  this  Caufe,  and  |^  ^*'' 
'  prelent  Affilh\nce  for  theHelp  ofit  And  to  '•''^ 
'  End  you  may  be  more  able  to  give  good  Co^fc-"'' 
'  lel  and  Advice  therein,  it  hath  bten  thought  ti^^^^' 

*  I  fhould  fummarily  and  fhortly  make  you  pr  J"? 
'  of  ihel'c  Proceedings,  which  iliall  be  the  better  ^u-in- 

*  flood  if  I  bcy:in  at  the  Root,  as  I  intend  : 
■  This  it  is :  The  Qjcen'i  Maj^fty,  hi  bet  cc^  " 

'  ing  to  the  Crown,  lindmg  this  her  Realm 
■  taeeed  and  torn  State,   and  yet  in  Wars  y 



0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  n      173 

mighty  Enemy,  the  chief  Fortrefs  of  the  fameQ^jt, 
loft,  to  [he  Realm's  great  Difhonour  and  Weak- 
ening ;  her  Frontier  Towns  not  lufficiently  foi- 
tified,  the  Revenue  of  the  Crown  greatJy  Ipoiled, 
ihe  Treafure  of  the  Realm  not  only  wafted,  but 
the  Realm  alfo  greatJy  indebted  ;  The  Land  of 
Ireland  much  out  of  Order :  The  Staple  and 
Store  ot  all  Kind  of  Munition  for  the  Realm's 
Defence  marvelloully  conlumed :  The  Navy  and 
Sea-Matters  nothing  in  the  State  they  now  be, 
was  forced  to  give  Ear  to  a  Peace  With  fome  o- 
ther  Conditions  than  eli'e  it  is  like  her  Highnefs 
would  come  to,  to  the  End  that  thefe  dangerous 
Defaults  might  be  in  the  Time  of  Peace  luffici- 
ently for  the  Security  of  the  Realm  provided  for. 
Whereupon  indeed  her  Highnela  (Peace  being 
concluded)  entered  into  the  reforming  and  fup- 
plying  of  moft  of  all  thofe  great  Lacks,  and  for 
iJie  Well-doing  of  them  hath  not  forborn  to  take 
any  Care  or  Pains,  neither  haih  the  fticked  for  the 
compafling  of  this  both  to  fpend  her  own  Trea- 
fure, to  lell  her  own  Lands,  to  prove  her  own 
Cretlit  at  Home  and  Abroad  to  the  uitermoft, 
and  all  this  for  our  Sureties  and  Quiet. 
'  Thus  have  you  heard  the  Sum  of  tbofe  Pro- 
ceedings ;  whereby  it  is  plain  and  evident,  [hat 
is  our  moft  Dear  and  Gracious  Sovereign  Lady, 
hath,  for  the  Prefervation  of  Common  Qiiiet,  and 
for  cur  own  Surety  againft  the  Common  Enemy, 
forborn  no  Care  or  Travel  in  the  deviling  ;  no 
more  hath  (he  Chaige  or  Expence  in  the  per- 
forming. I  may  fafely  affirm  it,  becaufe  I  am 
Well  able  to  prove  it,  that  the  Charges  of  the  ma- 
naging of  thele  Affairs,  and  that  that  hath  been 
done  fince  ihe  Queen's  Majefty  came  to  the 
Crown,  in  fupplymg  the  Dangers  aforemention- 
ed, amount  to  as  much  as  two  of  the  greateft 
Subfidies  that  I  can  remember  ;  a  Matter  not 
poflibly  to  be  born  for  that  which  is_paft,  nor  to 
be  continued  for  that  which  is  to  come  oy  the  or- 
dinary Revenue  of  the  Crown,  and  yet  of  necef- 
fity  to  be  done,  except  all  fwhich  God  forbid; 
'  fhouli 

174     T^JS  Tarltamentary  Ht&TOKT 

^MniliBibrtli. '  fiiould  run  to  Ruin:  If  when  any  Part  of  the 
'S7*-  '  Natural  Body  luppenelh  to  be  in  Danger,  the 
'  Head  and  every  Pirt  hafteth  to  the  Relief  ;  what 
'  wouM  then  be  done,  trow  ye,  when  Peril  is  of- 
'  fered,  that  the  Head  ftiould  take  ihe  whole  Care, 
'  and  bear  the  whole  Uurthen,  and  all  ihe  Mem- 
'  bers  remain  uncareful  and  uncharged  therewith  ? 
'  How  lighlx Burthen  it  is  when  it  is  born  of  ma- 
'  ny,  is  underftood  of  us  all.     But  hereof  I  make 

*  no  Stay,  becaufe  there  is  no  Doubt  your  Good- 

*  Wills  and  Towardnefs  upon   thefe  Confiderati- 

*  ons  be  fuch,  as  ihis  bit  Speech  of  mine  needeth 

*  not,  and  fo  doiibtlefs  the  Queen's  Highnefs  taketl" 
'  il.  And  yet  your  Wifdoms  well  know,  thai 
'  the  Office  of  this  Place  which  I  occupy,  craveih 

*  thus  much  to  be  faid  at  my  Hands ;  and  for  thai 

*  Purpofe  chiefly  could  I  truft  you  take  it,  and  no' 
'  for  any  Neceflity  to  draw  them   by  Perfuafior 

*  that  oiherwife  ot  iheir  own  Difpofiiion  be  for- 
.                '  ward  enough.     The  Declarations  of  the  Procced- 

*  ings  being  uttered,  I  do  all'ure  myfelf  to  fuffice  tc 
'  Men   of  your    Underltanding  and    Inclinaiiom 

*  For  how  can  a  Man  think  that  any  is  lb  void  a 
'  Reafon,  that  he  would  not  gladly  offer  any  Am 
'  againft  a  Foreign  Enemy,  ihat  he  were  able  ic 
'  make  for  the  Safety  of  his  own  Country,  his  So- 
'  vereign,  himfelf,  his  Wife  and  Children  ;  efpeci- 
'  ally  when  by  Reafon  it  is  plain,  that  the  Queen's 
'  Majefty  hath  already,  and  daily  doth  employ  her 
'  own  Treafure,  yea,  and  her  Lands  and  Credit, 

*  not  in  any  glorious  Triumphs,  luperfiuous  and 
'  fumptuous  Buildings  of  Delight,  vain  and  charge- 
'  able  Emball'ages,  neither  in  any  other  Matteisof 
'  Will  and  Pleafure;  I  mean,  no  Expence  to  he 
'  noted  in  a  Prince  of  thirteen  Years  Reign,  but  as 
'  far  as  Man  can  judge  in  the  Service  of  her  Realm 
'  a:idnecellary  Defence  of  her  People,  and  for  the 
'  Annoyance  of  the  Enemy.  Yet  hath  it  been 
'  feen  e'er  this,  that  Prince's  Wills,  Pleafurcsand 
'  Delights  have  been  followed  in  Expcnces  as  Ne- 
'  ceffities.     And  now,  God  be  thanked,  the  Doings 

*  have  been  fuch    fmcc   the    Queen's   Highncfs'i 

'  Reign 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ijs 

'  Reign,  that  to  the  irdiRerent  Man  it  will  be 
probable  and  plain,  that  the  Relieving  of  the 
Realm's  Necefliiy  is  become  ihe  Prince's  Delight ; 
a  pod  Change,  God  continue  it,  a  marvellous 
good  Example  for  lis  to  follow,  and  yet  itis  fcanC 
crdible  how  long  it  was,  and  in  the  End  with 
what  Difficulty  the  Queen's  Majefty  came  to  a- 
gree  that  this  Example  fliould  be  followed  by  us, 
in  being  content  that  this  Parliament  fliould  be 
fummoned,  that  it  might  be  moved,  that  the 
Realm  might  contribuie  to  the  Realm's  Defence ; 
wiih  fuch  Difficulty  indeed,  that  if  any  other 
Way  could  have  been  devifed  (her  Honour  and 
Realm's  Surely  laved)  this  had  never  been  at- 
lempled  :  So  loth  flie  is  to  any  offenfive  Matter 
by  Burthen  or  Charge,  that  if  any  other  Way 
could  have  been  devifed,  this  had  not  been  :  And 
fo,  from  her  own  Mouth,  flie  commanded  me 
lo  fay  unto  you. 

'  Oh  what  a  Grief  it  is  to  a  Prince  {trow  youj 
when  he  findelh  fuch  Want,  that  he  is  not  able 
foioconfider  of  [he  Service  of  his  Servants  and 
Subjedts  i  this  dangerous  and  neceflary  Service, 
S!  their  Deferls  do  crave  !  knowing  that  moft 
commonly  the  very  Life  and  Heart  of  the  Ser- 
vant and  Soldier,  which  fo  often  offereth  himfelf 
lo  the  Cannon,  [he  Pike,  the  Fiie,  iieitherover- 
ihrown  or  fet  up  as  a  Regurd  is  had  of  his  Perils. 
Except  there  be  fome  odd  Men  (as  ihey  call  themj 
of  that  Perfeflion,  that  Virtue  and  Wcll-Doing 
is  their  Mark,  and  not  Reward,  who  hold  for 
firm,  that  Re^i  faBi  Mercti  eji  fedjfe  tatitutn^ 
but  R^ra  avis  in  terris,  iSc.  Yea,  thofe  are  fo 
rare  as  Counfel  cannot  be  given  that  Princes 
Service  fliould  hang  on  the  Hdpof  fuch  Hope, 
and  yet  thefe  be  the  petfefleft  and  beft,  but  lh« 
World  is  not  ferved  by  fuch.  To  give  good 
Words  is  a  good  Thing,  but  often  ufed,  albeit 
never  fo  cunningly,  without  Deeda  of  Service,  is 
reputed  but  as  Wind,  and  is  indeed  dare  verba. 
Marry,  Power  ferving  not,  then  it  deferveth 
great  CommendaUons :  f^r  it  is  as  much  as  can 

Quwn  ElinbedL 

ty6    The  Parliamentary  Histoblt 

^*57»»        *  thinketh  little  the  greateft  Number.    But  to-  k 

Prince  who  thinketh  thus  much,  and  daily  think- 
eth and  feeletb  of  it,  what  a  tormenting  Ttoublr 
is  fuch  a  Want  think  ye  ?     Thefc  Wants  whM* 
they  happen,  v^ould  besought  to  be  moft  hddoi.*,] 
But  here  1  have  troubled  yoU  further  than  ( 
meant,  or  perchance  needed. 
^  And  thus  no  further  to  hinder  you,  but 
make  an  End.  .  You  have  heard,  firft,  the  Gai 
of  this  Aflembly.    Secondly,  What  I  think  tnceC' 
to  be  remembred.    Thirdly,  What  for  the  Go-'"'' 
vernaiKe  of  the  Subjed  at  Home,  and  what  faatb' 
been  done  for  the  Diefence  of  the  Enemy  Abroad 
your  Office  and  Duty  is  to  be  careful  to 
of  thefe  Matters,  which  I  have  the  rather  fum* 
marily    remembred  than   effectually   difcomfed* 
upon.    The  former  pertaineth  to  my  0£ke 
Remembrancer.    The  fecond  to  you  as  Execu'-' 
tors  of  thefe  Remembrances.     And  becaufe  yott 
of  the  Nether  Houfe  cannot,  without  a  Heidi' 
thus  do  ;  therefore  it  refleth,  that  you,  accordingi 
to  your  antient  Order,  of  yourfelves  chufc  foae 
wife  and  dtfcreet  Man,  who,  after  he  hath  been 
by  you  chofen  and  prefentcd,  and  that  PrefenttQ- 
on  by  the  Qyeen*s  Majefty  allowed,  ihali  then 
be  your  Speaker,  bfc* 

Robert  Bell,  Efq}     ^^^^  the  loth.    The  Houfe  of  Commons^ 
chofen  Spnker.  fented  Robift  BelU  Efq;  for  their  Speaker,  wl 

with  the  ufual  Ceremonies,  was  allowed  (a). 

no  further  Notice  is  taken  of  the  Speeches  coOhI 

monly  made  on  that  Occafion. 
On  Monday^  May   12th,  an  Entry  b  made 

the  Lords,  *  That  this  Day,  by  Advice  and 

*  fent  of  the  whole  Houfe,  a  Committee  was 

*  pointed  to  confer   with  fuch  Members  of 
^  Lower  Houfe,  as  it  ihould  pleafe  them  toapi 
^  for  the  more  ipeedy   and  better  Diredum 

*  them  in  the  Great  Matter  touching  the 

{m)  Aft«wards  kn^fl^ted^aizd  made  Chief-'gtroa  of  rix  Eittofii 

^ENGLAND.        177 

'    The  Conunictee  conuftcd  of  ibe  fol- 

■ds;  1571. 

idiifiiopsof  CanUrhuTj  and  liri;  the 

4fri,  Kint^  Warufter^  Suffix^  /Fsrwui^ 

dkffitrj  and  EJix  i  the  Biihops  of  Lm- 

i^ir^  Efy^  Uncobiy  and  Rmbifiir  ;  the    • 

Dberliin  Burkigb^^vik  the  Lardi Grvf, 

WifUw9rtb^  Norths  and  CkuMs.    The 

linted  for  the   Meeting  was  the  Scar- 

at  eight  o'clock  the  next  Momixtt. 

^mmal  of  the  Commons  arc  theNamet^J^^'*'^  ^ 

dmmittce   appointed  bjr  them»    which  i£,^^^jj 

Mr.  Pefham. 

Mr.  Yihirtiiu 

Mr.  Ctf%. 

Mr.  Hemagi. 

Mr<  Charles  Howard. 

Mr.  Hatton. 

Mr.  iC'fiiff. 

Mr.  Sihlf/. 

Mr  //^«.  KfioBis,  fen* 

Mr.  /ir;r.  Kiulks^  jun^ 

Mr.  Pf//r  WfHtw9rth.  • 

Mr.  Sampoli. 

Mr.  Norton. 

Mr.  WtlUam  Moor. 

Mr.  7f*«  Vaugbaru 

Mr,  fiitf.  Randall 

Mr.   y^^/r  Vaugban  di 

Mr.  Greenfield^  tea. 
Mr.  Charles  Somerjet. 
Mr.  /&«.  Killegrew. 
Mr.  TfiUiamGerrard. 
Mr.  Dalton^  and 
Mr.  Peacock. 

mo  more  of  this  Conference  in  the  y^tt/v 
Loids,  nor  what  was  done  in  it*  rdi- 
nilarijr,  to  the  Queen  of  Sr^/,  'till  If^^ 
irhcn  a  sew  Committee  of  Lofds  was  ap 
IV.  M 

odlor  of  the 


cellor  of  the 

I    Deputy  of 

r  Berkeley. 




'  Jrnold. 



i  Howard. 


rney    of   the 

der  of  London, 
Dt  Manwood. 

178    The  Parliamentary  History 

QurenEiiwbrth.  pointed,  about  the  Tame  Matter,  which  were  01^ 
J  571.  ly  the  Archbiftiop  of  Cjwf^r^arj',  the  Earls  of  Sips 
lex  and  Le'aefier,  the  Bifliup  of  Lir.mln,  and  it- 
Lords  Burleigh  and  Grey.  The  Refult  of  whi^ 
was,  thai,  on  the  laft  Day  of  the  Drne  Month,  , 
Bill  was  brought  in,  and  read  a  lirft  Time,  touchir^ 
Afarj',  the  kte  5««//&  Queen,  yune  ihe  4th,  ihe 
Bill  was  read  a  third  Time,  and  palled  the  Houfe  of 
Lotds,  with  this  Addition  to  the  Title,  JBil/ 
tauching  Mary,  Daughter  and  Heir  of  James 'i' 
Fi/ih,  late  King  of  Scotland,  csmmmily  tailed  Ih 
^ueen  of  Scots.  This  Bill  was  fentdown  to  the 
Commons,  who  kept  it  until  the  26th  of  the  fame 
Month,  and  then  returned  it,  concluded.  But 
tho'  the  Bill  went  fo  currently  thro'  the  tffo 
Houfes,  fhc  Queen  would  not  fuffer  it  to  pafs  into 
a  Law  }  there  being  no  Mention  of  fuch  an  A&, 
in  the  Catalogue  at  the  End  of  this  Seffion,  nor  in 
the  printed  Statutes.  Fur  which  Reafon,  we  ate 
much  in  the  Dark  what  were  the  Contents  of  this 
extraordinary  Bill.  My  Camliden  only  writes,  that, 
at  the  End  of  the  laft  Parliament,  (but  miftakenly  (ot 
This;)  '  It  was  propofed,  that  if  the  Queen  ofScpli 
'.  fhould,  again,  offend  againft  the  Laws  of  England, 
*  (he  fhould  be  proceeded  againit,  by  Law,  as  if 
'  ihe  were  the  Wife  of  an  £iigli//>  Peer.  But  the 
'  Queen,  interpofing,  her  Authority,  preveniKl 
'  the  enacting  theteof(^).' 

However,  tho'  this  Ai5t  did  not  pafs,  yet  ihef* 
were  two  other  very  feveie  Laws  made  againft  all 
who  had  Defigns  in  Favour  of  the  Queen  of  Sciis. 
On  the  igihof  ^flj'a  Bill  read  the  firft  Time 
in  the  Houfe  of  Lorcb,  for  Puniihment  of  all  fuch 
39  (hall  rtbellioufly  lake  or  detain,  from  the  Queen') 
M.ijelly,  any  Caille,  Towfr,  Fortteis,  Ships,  oto- 
ther  Munition  of  War.  This  pafled  inio  a  Law  ) 
and,  by  it,  fome  of  the  Articles  were  made  Felonjt 
and  others  High  Trcuoii.  On  the  aift,  a  Bill  was 
brought  in,  ami  read  againft  all  luch  as  Ihall  confpitB 
or  praiUfe  the  Enlargement  of  any  Prifoners.    Thii 


(t J Camidcii  In  Kcnicr,  p.  4j6. 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      \y^ 

M  dKlared,  '  That  if  anyPerfon  fhouldgoabout  Quee 
'  'I*  deliver  any  Man,  imprilimcd  upon  the  Queen's 
'  ^rii  for  TieafoDj  or  Sulpicion  of  T/ealbiij  be- 
'  fWe  his  Arraignment,  the  faid  Perfon  (hould  for- 
'  ^this  Life  Eftate,  and  be  imprifoncd  during  the 
'  Queen's  Pieafjre.  If  arraigned,  he  fliould  incjr 
'  ihe  Penalty  of  Death  ;  if  condemned,  the  Penal- 
'  ty  of  High  Trealbn." 

Mr.  Cambdcn  obferves  [i],  thnt  the  Severity  of 
'hffe  Laws  was  only  iiecellary  for  the  Times  j  and 
tile  Parliament  thought  fit  to  malie  them  temporary, 
')ia[  is,  for   the  Queen's  Life.     He  adds,  that  lb 
Kany  Dcfigns  were  fet  on  Foot  to  deliver  the  Duke 
^^Nerfolk,  out  of  the  7iwsr^  as  haltned  his  Execu- 
lion,  which  had  been  put  ofFfor  near  four  Months; 
audit  was  not  "till  after  palling  the  kft  Afl,  that 
liieAddrefles  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,   the  Re- 
nonftrances  of  the  Privy  Council,  and  ihe  Impor- 
luniiy  of  Preachers,  by  fuggefting  the  Greainefs  of 
'te  Danger  fhe  wa.s  in,  could  overcome  die  Queen's 
Clemcijcy.     Tn  fine,  the  Duke  was  beheaded  on  a  The  E 
Saffi>|d,  on   Tiuvr-W//,   June  the  zd  ."    He  died  Norfolk 
With  great  Courage  and  Majinanimity,  amidft  a ''"''='*■ 
Wft  Crowd  of  forrowful  and  weeping  Spectators ; 
forit  is  incredible,  fays  our  Author, '  how  dearly  he 
was   beloved    hy   the  Populace ;    whole    Good- 
Will  he  had  gained  by  a  Munificence  and  Affabili- 
ly  fuitable  to  fo  great  a  Prince.'     It  is  probable  the 
Queen  was  fatisfied  with   this  Sacrifice,   alone,  for 
wc  find  no  A<^  to  attaint  his  Blood  or  Pofteriiy 
piflcd  i    a  Circumftance  we  have  never  obferved 
before  in  Cafes  of  the  like  Nature. 

At  this  Time  the  Nation  was  exceedingly  pef- 
tercd  wilh  Rogues, Vagabonds,  and  Sturdy  Beggars, 
hy  whom  feveral  Murders,  Theft?,  and  other  great 
Outrages  were  committed  (li  .  It  was  therefore 
iruiffed,  by  this  Parliament,  that  every  Perfon,  a- 
bovclhe  Age  of  fourteen,  being  taken  begging,  or 
Wandriiig  about  as  a  Vaurant,  fur  the  firft  Time, 
M  z  (hould 

ft)  Cambdin  in   Kmnrr,  p.  44O. 
(J)UJli>iiJbud-iaui,a.  |>.  iiiS. 

Smt^iei  »i  lar^t,  14E111.C.V. 

1   ^  u- 
■  •  '■  o^  ■ 

So     .  Jt^  t armament ary  History. 

..     .K  Ruined  ihro'  theGriftle  of    ihe  Righi  Ea 

"ivi  Iron  of  an  Inch  Compafs,  i^c. 

.  .'>  as  if  this  Parliament  was  called  only  c 
.  V    I  SancUon  to  the  Duke's  Execution  ;  for  th 
^v-.umi  was  but  Ihori;  about  fix  Weeks,  and  no  A<! 
.  ..ny  ConreiiueiKe,  except  what  are  before  men 
;,ned,   pail'ed  in  it.      A  Cafe  of  Priviledge  wa. 
.  icut;,ht  before  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  by  the  Lord 
i>o;/:iielIj  who  had  been  attached,  by  a  Writ,  out 
vu  Chancery,  at  the  Suit  of  one   Haverner.     The 
Lords  adjudged  the  Attachment   void    and  con- 
uaiy  to  thcantient  Privileges  of  the  Peerage  ;  but 
o,  that  at  any  Time  hereafter,   by   the  Quectt's 
Prerogative,  or  by  the  common  Law  and  Cuftom 
oL  the  Realms,  or  any  Statute  Law,  or  fufficient 
Prtfiueni,  the  Perfons  of  any  of  the  Lords  of  Par- 
liament, in  fuch  Cafes  as  this  of  Lord  Cromwelt^ 
ought  to  be  attached,  or  attachable,  iffo  (hewed  and 
wairanied  as  above  j  this  Order,  or  any  Thing, 
therein  contained,  to  the  contrary  notwithftanding, 
Having  done  with  the  Proceedings  of  the  Lords, 
wc  muft  go  back,  as  ufual,  to  thofe  of  the  Commons. 
After  the  Committee  for  the  Conference  was  ap- 
pointed, we  find  no  Particulars  entered,  relating  to 
it,  'till  fome  Weeks  afterwards,  which  will  appear 
in  the  Sequel.     In  the  mean  Time,  on  the  i6th  of 
May^  a  Motion  was  made  in  the  Houfe,  '  Whether 
it  was  convenient   that  the  Commons   fhouldjoin 
with   the  Lords  in   a  Petition  to  her  Majefty,/or 
the  Execution  of  the  Duke  of  Norfolk.     Or,  that 
they  Ihould  only  fignify  to  her  Majefty,  their  Rc- 
folution  and  Opinion  that  neceflary  Execution  was 
to  be  done  ?     *  Upon  putting  the  Queftion,  it  was 
agreed  by  all,    that  their  general  Relolution.  was 
propereft  to  be  fignified  to  her ;  aird  not  by  Way  of 
Petition  or  Direction  from  this  Houfe. 

On  the  19th,  the  Attorney  of  the  Court  of 
Wards,  in  the  Name  of  the  whole  Committee,  oft 
the  Great  Affair  of  the  Queen  of  ScotSj  reported  to 
the  Houfe  their  Conference  with  the  Lords. 
Which  done,  after  many  Speeches,  it  was  upon  the 
Queftion,  refolved,  for  the  better  Safety  and  Pre- 
fer vatioD 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      i8i 

I     lavition  of  her  Majefty's  Peifon  and  Government,  Qu„n  El 

I     w  proceed  againft  the  SiTsf/ijft  (^een  in  [he  higheli        157 

I     Degree  of  Treafon  ;  and  tlierein  to  touch   her,  as 

"EllinLifeas  in  Tiile  and  Dignity;  and  this  with 

sIlpofBble  Speed,  and  witli  the  whole  Voice  of  the 


The  AnnaUJi  of  the  Refarmation,  under  this 
(^n,  hath  given  us  a  very  warm  and  long 
Speech,  made  againft  this  unhappy  Lady  and  her 
Title  to  the  Englifly  Cro\vn,  by  an  anonymous 
Memberof  the  Houfi;  of  Commons ;  but,  at  what 
Tine  he  does  not  mention.  He  is  miftaken  alfo  in 
)^cing  this  Speech  in  the  Debates  of  thelaftParlia- 
Bent,  inflead  of  this  ;  for  the  Atfdir  had  not  then 
I  Parliamentary  Inquiry  inio  it.  This  Author 
mnfcribed  it  froma  Manufcript  in  the  Couan  Libra- 
iy[f).  It  is  obfervable,  that  the  Stream  ran  all  one 
Wgy  at  this  Time ;  the  poor  Qticcn  of  Scots  having 
not  one  Friend,  or  Advocate,  either  within  Doors 
or  without,  that  durft  endeavour  to  item  the 
Tide,  or,  openly,  to  fay  one  Word  in  her  Fa- 

A  Bill  for  Rites  and  Ceremonies  in  the  Church,  a  Mcdif 
bad  been  read  in  the  Houfe  three  Times  jwhen,  on  '^'n™"' 
iSaj  the  22d,   the  Speaker  declared  to  the  Houfe,  i^^alin 
th»t  it  was  her  Majefty's  Pleafure,  that  from  hence- 
fonJi  no  Bills  concerning  Religion  Ihould  be  prc- 
fcned,  or  received  into  this  Houfe ;  unlcls  the  fame 
fhould   be   firft   coiiiidered   and    approved   by  the 
Clergy,     And  further,  that  het  Majefty   defircd  to 
fee  the  two  laft,  read  in  the  Houfe,  touching  Rites 
*Bd  Ceremonies.  .  On  which,  it  was  order'd,  that 
4e  laid  Bills  fhould  be  delivered   10  her,  by  fuch 
wembersas  were  of  the  Privy- Council. 

*  The  next  Day  the  Treafurer  of  the  Houfhold 
reported  to  the  Houfe  the  Delivery  of  the  two  Bills 
of  jlites  and  Ceremonies  to  her  Majefty  ;  together 
with  the  humble  Rcqaeftof  thisHoufe,  inofthurably 
'  to  befecch  her  Highnefe  not  to  conceive  ill  Opini- 
on of  this  Houfe,  if  fo  it  were  that  her  Majefty 
M  3  iboulJ 

')  Slryps''ijty^snJix,Val  II,   p,  9.  ai Fill'*, 

i8i    The  'Parliamcniary  Histort. 

QgcenCUubctb.  ftiould  not  like  well  of  the  ("aid  Bills,  or  of  ihe  Par 
i57»-  ties  ibat  preferred  them.  And  declared  further 
that  her  Majefly  feemed  utterly  to  mifiike  tZji 
firft  Bill,  and  him  that  brrught  the  fame  int£ 
ihe  Houfc;  and  that  her  Highnels  exprefs  WjH  znd 
Pleafure  was,  that  no  Preacher  or  MinilVer  (hould 
be  impeached  or  indifted.  or  otherwifc  molefted  or 
troubled,  as  the  Preamble  of  the  faid  Bill  did  pur- 
port: Adding  Ihefe  comfortable  Words  farther,  that 
her  Majefty,  as  Defender  of  the  Faith,  will  aid  and 
maintain  all  good  Proteftants  lo  the  difcouraging of 
all  Papills.' 

The  Bulinefsof  (he  Queen  of  ScoH  and  the  un- 
fortunate Duke  of  Norfolk,  having  been  Img 
canvafledby  the  CommittEsof  both  HoLifes  j  they, 
ai  length  agreed  upon  a  joint  Peiidon  to  the  Queen. 
And,  on  the  28th  of  May,  her  MajCfty  was  aiten- 
f'ed  by  the  faid  Committees  who  prefented  ber 
a  Petition  with  Reafons  to  prove,  that  it  no[  only 
confifted  with  Juftice,  but  alfo  with  the  Queens 
Honour  and  Safety,  to  proceed  Criminally  againft 
the  pmendid  Scatiifi>  Qiieen  (/). 

On  the  fame  Day,  as  it  feems,  the  yeurn,]liji  tells 
us,  *  That  Mr.  Treafurer  reported  to  the  Houfe, 
that  hennd  certain  Others  of  the  Commiiice,  chofen 
by  ihemfelves,  did  prefcntly  come  fi  om  het  Majefty  j 
and  that  her  Majefty  doth  very  thankfully  accept 
the  Good-Wiil  and  'Zeal  of  this  Houfc,  In  their 
Carefulnefs  for  her  Majefty'a  Safety  and  Prefervati- 
on;  and  that  as  her  Majefty  ihlnkeih  the  Courfe 
chofen  by  this  Houfe,  and  wherein  the  Lords  have 
joined  with  this  Houfe,  lo  be  the  heft  and  furcft 
Way  for  her  M^efty's  Prefeivation  and  Safety  in- 
deed J  yet  her  Highnefs  for  ceriain  Refpeifls  by  her- 
felf  conceived,  thinketh  good  for  this  Time  to  de- 
fer, but  nor  to  reject  that  Courfe  of  Proceeding  as  ■ 
yet;  and  in  ihe  mean  Time,  with  all  convenient 
Speed,  to  go  forward  in  the  great  Matter  againft  the 
ScoliiJIi  Q^ieen  with  a  fecond  Bill,  being  the  other 
Part  of  the  faid  Choice  heretofore  offered  to  ihii 
(7)  See  tljcPetiti™  and  Reafons  io  D'Eiep't  Jtur^tl,,  p.  jij 


f "^ 

P      0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       183 

ftoafc.    And  that  her  Majefty  minding  in  lint  Bill,  Queen EUi»l>tth. 

by  any  Implication  or  Drawing  of  Words,  not  to        'i'*" 

W  the  Sccttijh  Queen  either  enabled  or  difabled 

'■a  or  from  any  Manner  of  Title  to  the  Crowo  of 

this  Realm,   or  any  other  Title  to  the  Came  what- 

Mm  touched  at  all,    wiUeih  that  ihe  Bill  be  iitft 

tiiawn  by  her  Learned  Counfel,  an^l  by  them  pen- 

fltd  before  the  iaine  be  trcared  ot  or  dealt  in,  in  this 

Hotife.     And  that  in  the  mean  Time  of  bringing 

in  of  the  f.iid  Bill,  this  Houfe  enter  not  into  any 

Vfches  or  Arguments  of  that  Matter.     And  th.vt 

iifr  Majefty  hath  likewife  iignified  the  fame  her  tike 

Pbfure  unto  tiie  Lords  of  the  Upper-Houf;;,  by 

feme  of  the  Committes  of  the  fame  Hoitl'e.' 

The  Commons  catne  to  a  Refolution  on  the 
Queftion,  Whether  a  Petition  was  to  be  drawn 
upand  prelented  to  her  Majefty,  for  the  fpeedy 
Execution  of  the  Duke  ?  That  the  faid  Petition 
fliould  be  digelted  and  put  in  Writing  agiinft  the 
next  Morning,  and  delivered  to  the  Speaker  to  be 
prelented  fay  him  to  the  Qtieen.  But  two  Days 
after,  May  31ft,  a  Qjjeltion  was  put  for  rrfpiting 
tile  faid  Petition,  and,  it  was  carried  in  the  Affirma- 
tive. '  Becaule,  perhaps,  her  Majefty  will  order  it  to 
bedone  fooner  of  her  own  Accord  than  being  pref- 
fal  to  it  by  the  Houfe.  And  therefore  it  was  whol- 
ly iiid  alide.'  Bui,  iiowever,  the  Bills  and  Remon- 
Frances  againft  the  Qiieen  of  Scots,  took  no  Effeft 
till  fevcral  Years  after.  The  Duke  of  Narfilk, 
however,  fell  a  Sacrifice  to  the  Jealoufies  of  the 
Times,  being  beheaded,  as  before  obfctv'd,  whllfl; 
■iii'i  Parliament  was  fitting. 

The  Ceremonies  at  the  Conclufion  of  this  Sefli- 
^n  are  omitted,  thro'  the  Negligence  of  the  Clerks, 
■  in  both  the  y«uf/(fl/j.  And,  we  are  only  told,  in 
llistof  the  Lords,  That,  on  the  30th  Day  of  June, 
the  Queen  came  to  the  Houfe,  when  the  Lord- 
Keeper,  by  her  Command,  prorogued  this  Parlia- 
ntenc  to  the  Feaft  of  Ail  Saints^  November  zd, 

The  Parliamentary  Hiftory  of  this  Reign,  would 
\  veiy  concile,  confideiing  the  Duration  of  it,  if 

184    The 'Parliamentary  Histoilt 

Qj^enEliMbtth.wc  had  no  Oilier  Tracts  10  follow  than  what  a 
1S7S'       fliewn  by  the  particular  Hiftorianof  it,  or  ourmoj 
general  Hiftories  of  Evghnd. 

Mr.  Citmbdm  takes  liale  or  ro  Notice  of  the  Pn 
ceedings  of  any  Parliament  from  this  Period  ;  bi 
has  Contented  himfelf  in  attending  his  Royal  Mil 
Irefs  thro'  the  various  Foreign  Confederacies,  Wars 
Marine- Expeditionji  and  Love- Affiiirs  oi  her  Reign 
Indeed  there  never  was  a  Time,  when  Parliament 
met  fo  feldom  ;  and,  it  leems,  as  if  this  Heroi 
Queen  meant  to  ftew  her  Subjeds,  that  fhe  coul 
reign  without  their  rtid  and  Alfiftance.  Foi 
from  the  Time  of  the  laft  Prorcgaiion,  we  met 
with  norhing  likea  Parliament 'till  the  eighteen!: 
Year  of  thisRsgn. 

The  Journals  of  the  Lords  do  not  exprefsl 
give  us  the  Times  of  the  fcveral  Prorogation: 
in  this  Interval ;  but  only  inform  us,  liiat  on  \l 
8th  Day  of  February,  in  the  Year  above  mciitionei 
after  various  and  fundiy  Prorogations,  the  lame  Pai 
liament  met  to  do  BufinelsC^}- 

Anno  Rfgni  i8.      Being  aflembled,  the  Queen   came    not  to  ll 
I57S-       Houfe,  becaufe  this  was  no  new  Parliament ;  an 

At  Weftminiier.  jj^e  firft  Thing  We  find  that  was  done  by  the  Lord 
was  to  read  a  Bill  for  the  Reformation  of  Appaie 
Mr  Cambdm  takes  Notice  {h),  that  the  Ye: 
before  this,  the  Queen  had  put  out  a  Proclamatic 
to  flop  thegrrat  Excefs  this  niodifli  Luxury  h: 

-  _.,,       .  .   then  arrived  to,     Obftrving,  that,  to  maintain  tt 

A    Hill    aEainfl    ^,  -    -         ,,      .  r?         ■  ,    »» 

Luiury  inAp-  bhining  Vanity,  a  great  Quantity  of  Money  w 
prel,  yearly  carried  out  of  the  Land,  to  buy  Silks  and  < 

iher  foreign  Fineries,  10  ihe  Impoverin-imentof  [I 
Commonwealth,  and  the  alnioft  Ruin  of  fever 
noble  Families,  who  Iltove  to  vie  with  clleallot^ 
in  this  Kind  of  Extravagance.  The  Reader  migl 
oblerve,  that  feveral  Sumptuary  Laws,  were  mat 
in  different  Reigns,  to  refhain  this  Vice  ;  and  no' 
the  Queen's   Proclamation  being  liitie   regards 

(63  P.^5s,  .</.  iS74i 

DiAit.  Pbiic» 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        i8j 

uiAftiof  Parliament  was  dcfigned  to  enforce  tlie(Wj„Eii„i,ei:ii. 
Obrervance,  But  ihis  Way  had  as  little  Succefs  1575. 
»the former,  fortho'  the  Bill  palled  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  and  w^s  fent  down  to  the  Commons,  they 
never  returned  it.  Probably,  becaufS  an  AQ.  of  this 
Nature  might  be  an  Hindrance  to  Trade;  and,  in- 
deedjif  the  Reflraint  of  this  Luxury  wasagreeable 
to  the  honeft  Politics  of  thofe  Times,  it  has  been 
Swught  quite  oiherwife  in  fome  much  later  Reigns. 
'When  Equipages,  Operas,  Mafquerades,  Drefs, 
Vanities  of  all  Sorts,  were  never  fo  much  encoura- 
ged: Whereby  the  Nobilityand  Gentry,  exhauft- 
iag  their  own  Eftates,  become  more  fubfervient  lo, 
ind  dependent  on,  the  Crown. 

On  the  fame  Day,  Feb.  8ih,  Henry,  Earl  of 
l^ffthumbsrland,  younger  Brother  to  the  laie  Earl 
ThemaSf  beheaded  at  7ori,  had  a  Summons  to  Par- 
liament, and  took  his  Place  in  the  Houfe,  with 
feme  other  young  Lords,  who  were  introduced  at 
(he  fame  Time.  Amongft  whom  was  yobn 
Lord  Stourton,  called  up  by  Writ ;  tho'  the  Aitain- 
4et  of  his  Father,  (who  was  executed  in  the  laft 
iegn  for  an  infamous  MurderJ  was  only  reverfed 
ttlis  Parliament. 

There  is  nothing  remarkable,  elfe,  entered  in  the 
.lotds  Jsurnoh,  'till  the  a7lh  of  this  Month; 
.*hen  a  Bill  for  a  Subfidy  of  two  Fifteenth!  iuk 
finths  were  fent  up  by  the  Commons ;  it  paffed 
-fte  Houfe  of  Lords  on  the  firft  of  March.  The 
^pinted  Stanites  make  this  Grant  xhvx  Fijiemhs  *^"''''**i'- 
'ind  Tenthi,  befides  the  Sublidy.  Theie  was,  alfo, 
Ml  AQ.  for  confirming  a  Grant  of  Six  Shillings  in 
the  Pound,  from  the  Clergy,  to  be  paid  in  three 

.  But  tho' they*"''"'''' of  the  Lords  furnifh  us  with 
'feHttle  to  the  Purppfe,  thofe  of  the  Commons  were 
'Mtct  more  copious,  for  fo  (hort  a  Seffion,  as  in  this. 
%  which  arc  many  Things  very  remark,ible,  relat- 
4ig  to  the  Liberties  and  Privileges  of  that  Houfe. 
^pKjeurnaii/l  gives  us  a  Sp.-e^h  made,  the  very 
'wftDay  of  this  Seiru>n,  by  Peier  iVeiitworth,  Efo; 
'Wfmber  for  the  B:jtough  of  Tregony  in  Coriiwal, 

1 8(i     The  'ParliamPHtary  H  i  stort 

Queen  EliijbMh.*'^''^'^   evidently  fliews  xhat  i\\  the  Cornijb  Mtm — 
'i7S'        ^^^^    vtxe  not    Courtiers   in   thofe   Days.      Th^ 
Speech  and  the  Confequences  of  it  are  as  memora- 
ble, as  any  Thinp;  we  have  yet   met  wirh  in  the 
Courfe  of  thefe  Enquiries ;  and  therefore  needs  no 
Introdudion,  noranyExcufc  for  the  Length  of  it. 

Mr.  Speaker^ 

MrWentwortI.'j  (  -K  find  written  in  a  iitile  Volume  thefe  Words  in 

oMbe  Lib^..i«     1  ^ff^'^-'  "Sweet  is  the  Name  of  Liberty,  but 

of  ihe  Houfe.     "  the  Thing  itfelf  a  Value  beyond  all  ineftimable 

'*  Treafure."     *  So  much  the  more  it  behoveth  us 

'  to  take  care  left  we,  conientingourfelveswith  the 

*  Sweetnefs  of    the  Name,   lofe  and  forego  the 
'  Thing,  being  of  the  greatell  Value  that  can  come 

*  unto  thisnobie Realm.    The  ineftimableTrealiire 

*  19  the  Ufe  of  it  in  this  Houfe,     And  therefore  I 

*  do  think  it  needful  to  put  you  in  Remembrance, 

*  that  this  Honourable  Aflembty  are  ailembled  and 

*  come  t(^et her  herein  this  Place,  for  three  fpectai 

*  Caufes  of  moit  weighty  and  great  importance. 

'  The  firft  and  principal  is  to  make  and  abrogate 

*  fuch  Laws,  as  may  be  moll  for  the  Piefervack>n  of 
'  our  noble  Sovereign. 

'  The  fecond 

'  The  third  is  to  make  or  abrog;aie  fuch  Laws  as 
'  may  be  to  the  chiefeft  Surety,  Safe-keeping,  and 
'  Enrichment  of  this  noble  Realm  of  £»^/rf«ry.  So 
«  that  I  do  think  that  the  Part  o[  a  faithlul-hearted 
'  Subjeft  is,  to  do  his  Endeavour  to  remove  alb' 

*  Stumbling- Blocks  out  of  the  Way  that  may  im 

*  pair,  or  any  manner  ofway  hinder,  ihefe  good  ant^M 

*  godly  Caufes  of  this  our  coming  together..    I  wa^?^ 

*  never  of  Parliament  but  the  laft,    and   the  lai^^ 

*  SeJlion,  at  both  which  Times  I  faw  the  Libcri)-^^ 
'  of  free  Speech,  the  which  is  the  only  Salve  to  fiea  ^ 
'  all  the  Sores  of  ihis  Common- wealth,  fo  mucl  ^ 
'  and  Jo  many  Ways  infringed,  and  fo  man^^ 
'  Abufesoffered  to  this  Honourable  Council,  ashaif'^ 

■  much  grieved  nie  even  of  very  Confcience  ar*^ 

■  Love  to  my  Prince  and  Stale.     WJ)eiefore  toa.  ^ 

*  void  the  like,  I  do  think  it  expedient  to  open  ih.'  ~ 
'  Cora."' 

Of    ENGLAND.       187 

'  Commodities  that  grow  to  the  Prince  and  whole QuetnElinbeA. 
'  State,  by  free  Speech ufed in  this  Place;  at  the        ij7S- 
'  lea  ft  To  much  as  my  limpleWji  can  gniher  of  it, 
'  the  which  is  very  litile  in  refped  of  that,   that 
'  wife  Heads  can  fay  therein,  and  fo  it  is  of  the 
'  more  Force. 

'  Firft,  All  Matters  that  Concern  God's  Honour, 
'  through  free  Speech  fiiall  be  propagated  here  and 
'  f«  forward,  and  all  Things  that  do  hinder  it  re- 
'  moved,  repulfed  and  taken  away, 
'  Next,  There  is  nothing  commodious,  profita- 
We,  or  any  way  for  ihe  Piince  or  Slate, 
'  dut  faithful  and  loving  Subjects  will  offer  it  in  this 
'  Place. 
'  Thirdly,  All  Things  difcommodious,   perilous 
or  hurtful  ro  the  Prince  or  State  Ihall  be  prevent- 
ed, even  fo  much  as  feemeth  good  to  our  merci- 
'  ful  God  to  put  into  our  Minds,  the  which  no 
doubt  (hall  be  fufficient,  if  we  do  earneflly  call 
'  upon  him  and  fear  him  :   For  Solomon  faith,  Iht 
'   Fear  of  Ged  h  the  Begiming  f  m/dtm.    Wif- 
'   dBttii  faith  he,    hreatketh  Life  ints  her  Children, 
rtceiveth  them  that  feek  her,   and  will  go  beftde 
them  in  the  Way  of  Righteaufiiefi:    So  that  our 
Minds  Ihall  be  direiled  to  all  good,    needful  and 
reilary  Things,  if  we  call  upon  God  withfaith- 
1  Hearts. 

'  Fourthly,  If  the  Envious  do  ofier  any  Thing 
artful  or  perilous  to  the  Prince  or  State  in  this 
lace,  What  Incommodity  doth  grow  thereby? 
'  :r\\y  I  think  none,  nay,  will  you  have  me  to 
^-  my  fimpie  Opinion  therein,  much  Good 
mmeih  thereof ;  how  forfooth  ?  why  by  the  Daik- 
lefa  of  the  Night  the  Brightnefs  of  the  Sun  (hew- 
^  more  excellent  and  clear,  and  how  can  Truth 
pear  and  conquer  until  Fallfcood,  and  all  Subtil- 
a  that  fhould  fhidow  and  dniken  it,  be  found  out  ? 
for  it  is  offered  in  this  Place  as  a  Piece  of  fine 
eedle-work  to  them  that  jremoft  feilful  there- 
,  for  there  cannot  he  a  falfe  Stitch  (God  aiding 
lb}   but   will  be  found  out. 

«  Fifthly, 

t^een  £iifabeth 

1 88  The  Parliamentary  History 

*  Fifthly,  This  Good  cometh  thereof,  a  wfcW 
Piirpofe  may  the  eafier  be  prevented  when  it  % 

'*  Sixthly,  An  evil  Man  can  do  the  lefs  Hann 
when  it  is  known. 

'  Seventhly,  Sometime  it  happeneth^that  a  good 
Man  will  in  this  Place  (for  Argument  Sake)  prc^ 
fer  an  evil  Caufe,  both  for  that  he  would  have  % 
doubtful  Truth  tp  be  opened  and  manifefted,  isA 
alfo  the  Evil  prevented ;    fo  that  to  this  Point  1  j 
conclude,  that  in  this  Houfe,  which  is  termed  f ' 
Place  of  free  Speech,  there  is  nothing  fo  necefltff 
for  the  Prefervation  of  the  Prince  and  State  as  firef 
Speech ;  and  without  this  it  is  a  Scorn  and  Mocb* 
ry  to  call  it  a  Parliament  Houfe,  for  in  Truth  \\% 
none,  but  a  very  School  of  Flattery  and  Dii- 
mulatlon  j  and  fo  a  fit  Place  to  ferve  the  DcvJ 
and  his  Angels  in,  and  not  to  glorify  God  'ani 
benefit  the  Common- wealth. 
*  Now  to  the  Impediments  thereof,  which,  by. 
God's  Grace  and  my  little  Experience,  I  will  utter 
plainly  and  faithfully,  I  will  ufe  the  Words  of 
Elcha^   Beholdy  I  am  as  the  new  Wine  which  iiti 
no  Fenty  and  hurjieth  the  new  Vejfeh  in  fullkr^ 
therefore  I  will  /peak  that  1  may  have  a  rent.  1 
will  open  my  Lips^  and  male  Anjwer^  I  will  re^ 
gard  no  Manner  of  Perfon^  no  Man  will  IJ^f 
for  if  I  Jhould  go  about  to  pleaje  Men^  I  Inowmt^ 
how  foon  my  Maker  will  take  me  away:    Mj[ 
Text  is  vehement  i  the  which  by  God*8  Sufferance, 
I  mean  to  obferve,  hoping  therewith  to  olIeD^' 
none  j  for  that  of  very  Juftice,  none  ought  to  be 
offended  for  feeking  to  do  good  and  faying  of  tbc 

'  Amongfl:  other,  Mr.  Speaker,  Two  Tbiop 
do  great  Hurt  in  this  Place,  of  the  which  I  do 
mean  to  fpeak :  Txhe  one  is  a  Rumour  which 
runneth  about  the  Houfe,  and  this  it  i^,  ^TakebM 
what  you  do,  the  Queen's  Majefty  liketh  not  fuch 
a  Matter,  whofoever  prefercth  it,  flie  will  bccf^ 
feo(ied  with  him  \  or  the  contrary,  her  Majeftf 

'  likcch 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      189 

likethof  fuch  a  Matter,  whofoever  fpeaketha-QujeenEBnbetb. 
gainft  it,  fhe  will  be  much  offended  with  him.*  iS75« 

*  The  other  :  Sometimes  a  Meflage  is  brought 
into  the  Houfe,  either  of  Commanding  or  Inhi- 
biting, very  injurious  to  the  Freedom  of  Speech 
and  Confultation.  I  would  to  God,  Mr  Speaker, 
that  thcfe  two  were  buried  in  Hell,  I  mean  Ru- 
mours and  Meilages  ;  for  wicked  undoubtedly 
they  are,  the  Reafon  is,  the  Devil  was  the  firft 

'  Author  of  them,  from  whomlproceedeth  nothing 

'  but  Wickednefs  :  Now  I  will  fet  down  Reafons 

'  to  prove  them  wicked. 
*  Flrft^  If  we  be  in  Hand  with  any  Thing  for 

'  the  Advancement   of  God's  Glory,  were  it  not 

*  wicked  to  fay  the  Queen  liketh  not  of  it,  or  com- 
^  mandeth  that  we  (hall  not  deal  in  it  ?  Greatly 
^  were  tl^e  Speeches  to  her  Majelty's  Difhonour, 
'  a^d  an  hard  Opinion  were  it,  Mr  Speaker,  that 
^  thefe  Things  fhould  enter  into  her  Majefty's 
'  Thought ;  much  more  wicked  and  unnatural 
'  were  it  that  her  Majefty  (hould  like  or  command 
'  any  thing  againft  God,  or  hurtful  to  herfelf  and 
'  the  State.    The  Lord  grant  this  Thing  may  be 

*  far  from  her  Majefty's  Heart     Here  this  may  be 

*  objeded,  that  if  the  Queen's  Majefty  fhould  have 

*  Intelligence  of  any  thing  perilous  or  beneficial  to 

*  her  Majefty's  Perfon  or  the  State,  would  you 

*  not  have  her  Majefty  give  Knowledge  thereof  in 

*  this  Houfe,  whereby  her  Peril  may  be  prevented, 

*  and  her  Benefit  provided  for  ?     God  forbid,  then 

*  were  her  Majefty  in  worfe  Cafe  than  any  of  her 

*  Subjefls.     And,  in  the  Beginning  of  our  Speech, 

*  I  (hewed  it  to  be  a  fpecial  Caufe  of  our  Affem- 

*  bling,  but  my  Intent  is.  That  nothing  fhould' be 

*  done  to  God's  Diftionour,  to  her  Majefty's  Peril, 

*  or  the  Peril  of  the  State.     And  therefore  I  will 

*  fhew    the   Inconveniences   that  grow  of  thefe 

*  two. 

«  Firft^  If  we  follow  not  the  Prince's  Mind,  So- 

*  hMn  faith,  Il)e  King's  DijpUafure  is  a  Mejfenger  of 

*  Death  :  This  isa  terrible  Thing  to  weak  Nature, 

*  for  who  is  able  to  abide  the  fierce  Countenance  of 


150     Hie  'Parliamentary  HisroKT 

QHmEUzibcib.  •  his  Prince,  but  if  we  will  difcharge  our  Confcien  - 
•S7i.         t  j^^  and  be  tnie  to  God.andPrince  and  State,  ktc 

*  muft  have  due  Confideration  of  ihePlaccand  the  J 
'  OccaGoD  of  our  coming  together ;  and  efpeciali^  I 
'  have  Regard  unto  ihe  Matter  wherein  we  botl^     I 

*  flial!  leive  God,  and  our  Prince  and  State  faiw     I 

*  ftiily,  and  not  dillembling  as  Eye-Pieafers,  and  (S^     ' 

*  juftiy  avoid  all  Dil'pleafures  both  to  God  and  oi«  -* 
'  Prince;  (01  SahmoniMh,  In  thtlFny  </ the  j^gh  — 
'  tesus  there  is  Life,  as  for  any  other  Way,  ii  r-^ 

*  the  Path  to  Death.  So  that  'o  avoid  everlafr- — 
-*  fting  Death  and  Condemnation,  with  the  Higl — ^ 

*  and  Mighty  God,  we  ought  to  proceed  in  evcry^^ 

*  Caufe  according  to  the  Matier,  and  not  accordin^^ 

*  to  the  Prince's   Mind:    And  now  I  will  fliew^"^ 

*  you  a  Reafon    lo  prove  it   perilous  always  IC:^ 

*  follow  the   Princes     Mind.      Many  Times  i^S 

*  failethout,  that  a  Prince  may  favour  a  Caufc^s 

*  perilous  to  himfelfand  the  whole  State  ;  Wha^^ 

*  are  we  then  ifwe  follow  ihe  Princes  Mind?  Ar^^ 

*  we  not  unfailhful  unto  God,  our  Pdncc  anc^ 
'  State  f     Yes  truly,  we  are  chofen  of  the  whol^^* 

*  Realm,  of  a  fpecial  Truft  and  Confidence  b^^T 
'  them  repofed  in  us,  to  forfee  all  fuch  Inuonve 

*  niences.     Then  I  will  fet  down   my   Opinioi — ^^ 

*  herein,  that  is  to  fay.  He  that  dilFembleth  to  hes=r 

*  Majefty's  Peril,  is  to  be  counied  as  a  hateful  Ent^  " 
'  my  J  for  thiC  he  givcth  iin[o  her  Majefty  a  detefcl^- 
'  table  yudiis  his  Kifs  ;  and  he  that  contrarietb  h^=r 
'  Mind  to  her  Prefeivaiion,  yea  though  her  Maje=- 

'  fty  would  be  much  offended  with  him,  is  to  b^  £  j 
'  adjudged  an  approved  Lover,  for  faithful  are  l^Se  I 
'  Wounds  of  a  Lover,  fi\ihSokmon/but  the  Ki£es  ^^    I 

*  an  Enemy  a<e  deceitful:  And  it  is  better,  faicrJi  f 
'  jtiili/Nienes,  to  fall  amongft  Ravers  than  among.^  j' 
'  Flatiercrs,  for  Ravens  do  but  devour  thede^*'     j:. 

*  Corps,  but  Flatterers  the  Living.  And  it  is  bot^  ^  1  ?■ 
'  traiterous  and  hcllifli,  through  Flattery,  to  fe^*  .JU 
'  to  devour  our  natural  Piince,  and  that  do  Fla.t-  111 
'  lerers ;  therefore  iet  them  leave  it  with  Shair**  ina 
'  enough.  i 

Of  ENGLAND.  191 

*  Now  to  another  great  Matter  that  rifeth  of  this  Queen  Eiiitketk 
grievous  Rumour,  What  is  it  forfooth  ?  What-        iS75« 
foever  thou  art  that  pronounceft  it,  thou  doft  pro- 
nounce thy  oivn  Difcredit  j  Why  fo  ?    for  that 
thou  doll  what  lieth  in  thee  to  pronounce  the 
Prince  to  be  perjured,  the  which  we  neither  may 
nor  will  believe ;  for  we  ought  not  without  too 
too  manifeft  Proof  to  credit  any  Diihonour  to 
our  Anointed  ;  no,  we  ought  not  without  it  to 
think  any  Evil  of  her  Majefty,  but  rather  to  hold 
him  a  Liar  why*  Credit  foever  he  be' of ;    for  the 
Queen's  Majefty  is  the  Head  of  the  Law,  and 
muft  of  Neceflity  maintain  the  Law ;  for  by  the 
Law  her  Majefty  is  made  juftly  our  Queen,  and 
Iqr  it  (he  is  moft  chiefly  maintained :  Hereunto 
agreetb  the  moft  excellent  Words  of  Bra^M  {i)^ 
who  faith.  The  King  hath  no  Peer  nor  Equal  in  his 
Engdom :  He  hath  no  Equal,  for  otherwife  he 
might    lofe  his  Authority    of  Commanding, 
fince  that  an  Equal  hath  no  Power  of  Com- 
mandment over  his  Equal.      The  King  ought 
not  to  be  under  Man,  but  under  God,  and  under 
the  Law,  becaufe  the  Law  maketh  him  a  King. 
Let  the  King  therefore  attribute  that  to  the  Law, 
which  the  Law  attributeth  unto  him,  that  is,  Do- 
minion and  Power  ;  for  he  is  not  a  King  in  whom 
Will  and  not  the  Law  doth  rule,  and  therefore 
heought  to  be  under  the  Law.     I  pray  you  mark 
the  Reafon  why  my  Authority  faith.  The  King 
ought  to  be  under  the  Law,  for,  faith  he.  He  is 
God's  Vicegerent  upon  Earth  j  that  is,  his  Lieu- 
tenant to  execute  and  do  his  Will,  the  which  is 
Law   or  Jufticc,  and  thereunto  was  her  Majefty 
fworn  at  her  Coronation,  as  I  have  heard  learned 
Men  in  this  Place  fundry  Times  affirm  ;  unto 
the  which  I  doubt  not  but  her  Majefty  will,  for 
her  Honour  and  Confcience  Sake,  have  Special 
Regard  ;  for  free  Speech  and  Confcience  in  this 
Place  are  granted  by  a  Special  Law,  as  that  with- 
out the  which  the  Prince  and  State  cannot  be  pre- 


{i\^9£ton  it  LegibuiJingli^t  Lib*  1.  Cap,  7, 

Queen  Elizabeth. 


19  2   Tbe  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  a  Y 

ferved  or  maintained.  So  that  I  would  wifli  c- 
very  Man  that  feareth  God,  regardeth  the  Prin- 
ces Honour,  or  efteemeth  his  own  Credit,  to  fear 
at  all  Times  hereafter  to  pronounce  any  (uch  hor- 
rible Speeches,  fo  much  to  the  Princes  DifhonottTi 
for  in  fo  doing  he  fheweth  himfelf  an  open  Ene- 
my to  her  Majefty,  and  fo  worthy  to  be  contem- 
ned of  all  faithful  Hearts.  Yet  there  is  another 
Inconvenience  that  rifeth  of  this  wicked  Rumour; 
The  Utterers  thereof  feem  to  put  into  our  Heads, 
That  the  Queen's  Majefty  hath  conceived  an 
evil  Opinion,  Diffidence  and  Miftruft  in  usher 
faithful  and  loving  Subjefts  ;  for  if  (he  had  not, 
her  Majefty  would  then  wifib  that  all  the  Things 
dangerous  to  herfelf  fhould  be  laid  open  before  us } 
afTuring  herfelf,  that  loving  Subje£ls,  as  we  arCf 
would,  without  Schooling  and  Dire£tion>  widi 
careful  Minds  to  our  Powers,  prevent  and  with- 
ftand  all  Perils,  that  might  happen  unto  her  Ma- 
jefty. And  this  Opinion  I  doubt  not'but  her  Ma- . 
jcfty  hath  conceived  of  us,  for  undoubtedly  there 
was  never  Prince  that  had  faithfuUer  Hearts  than 
her  Majefty  hath  here  ;  and  furely  there  were 
never  Subjefts  had  more  Caufe  heartily  to  love 
their  Prince  for  her  quiet  Government  than  wc 
have.     So  that  he  that  raileih  this  Rumour,  iiill ' 

encreafeth  but  Difcredit  in  feeking  to  fow  Sediti* 
on  as  much  as  lieth  in  him,  between  our  merciful 
Queen  and  us  her  moft  loving  and  faithful  Sub- 
jefts, the  which  by  God's  Grace  fhall  never  lie  in 
his  Power,  let  him  fpii  out  all  his  Venorae,  and 
there  withal  (hew  out  his  malicious  Heart ;  yell 
have  collefted  fundry  Reafons  to  prove  this  a 
hateful  and  a  deteftable  Rumour,  and  the  Utter- 
er  thereof  to  be  a  very  Judas  to  our  noble  Que^; 
therefore  let  any  hereafter  take  heed  how  he  pub-, 
lifh  it,  for  as  a  very  Judas  unto  her  Majefty,  atid: 
an  Enemy  to  the  whole  State,  we  ought  toac-'^ 
cept  him. 

*  Now  the  other  was  a  Meffage,  Mr  Speaker/; 
brought  thelaft  ScflTion  into  the  Houfe,  that  we' 
fliould  not  deal  in  any  Matters  of  Religion,  b«t 


■         OA    E  K  G  L  A  N  D.       ip3 

*  Srft  to  receive  from  the  Bifliops ;    Surely  this  was*k; 

'  1  doleful  MelTage,  foritwasasmuchas  tofay,  Sirs,        'i'S- 

'  ye  fliall  not  deal  in  God's  Caufes,  no,  ye  fliall  in 

'  nowile  feek  to  advance  his  Glory  ;  and  in  Recom- 

'  pence  of  your  Unkindnefs,  God  in  his  Wrath 

'  will  look  upon  your  Doings,  that  the  chief  Caufe 

'  that  ye  were  called  together  for,  the  which  is  the 

'  Prefervation  of  their  Prince,  (hall  have  no  good 

'  Succefs :  If  fome  one  of  this  Houfe  had  prefent- 

'  ly  made  this  luierpretaiion  of  this  faid  Meflage, 

'  had  he  not  feemed  to  have  the  Spirit  of  Prophe- 

'  cy?    Yet  iruly  I  alTure  you,  Mr.  Speaker,  there 

'  Were  divers  of  this  Houle  that  faid  with  grievous 

'  Hearts,    immediately   upon  the  Meflage,    that 

'  God  of  his  Juflice  could  not  profper  the  Seflion; 

'  and  let  it  !>e  holden  for  a  Principle,  Mr.  Speaker, 

'  that  Council  that  comeih  not  together  in  God's 

'  Namci  cannot  profper ;    for  God  faiih,  Whert 

'  ni'(  w  three  are  gathered  together  in  his  Name, 

'  'h-i  em  I  in  the  mid/}  among  them :  Wei!,  GoJ 

'  C'en  the  great  and  mighty  God,  whofe  Name  is 

'  ihe  Lord  of  Hofts,  great  in  Cnunfel,  and  infinite 

in  Thought,  and  who  is  the  only  good  Direflor 

*  of  all  Hearts,   was  the  laft  Seflion  Ihut  out  of 

'  I^oors:     But  what  fell  out  of  it  forfoolhf   His 

I    grcat^ndi" nation  was  therefore  poured  upon  this 

\    Houfe,  for  he  did  put  into  the  Queen's  Majefliy's 

I ,  Heart  to  refufe  good  and  wholefome  Laws  (or 

J  ner  own  Prelervation ;  the  which  caufed  many 

,  faithful  Hearts  for  Grief  to  burft  out  with  forrow- 

,  ^ul  Tears,  and   moved  all  Papifls,    Traitors  to 

Qod  and  her  Majefty,  who  ^n\y  good  Chiiftiati 

Government,  in  their  Sleevej  to  laugh  all  the 

^holc  Parliament-Houfe  to  Scorn:    And  fhall  I 

Pats  over  this  weighty  Matter  fo  flightly?     Nay, 

*■  Will  difcharge  my   Confcience  and  Duties  to 

^od,  my  Prince  and  Country.    Sn  certain  it  is, 

^'Ir  Speaker,  that  none  is  without  Fault,  no  not 

J  *iut  noble  Queen,   fith  then  her  Majefty  haih 

.  *^ommitted  great  Fault,    yea  dangerous  Faults  to 


Vol.  IV.  N  '  Love, 


Queen  Elisabeth 

194,   The  Parliamentary  H  i  story 

'  Love,  even  perfed  Love  void  of  Diffimulaiion, 
will  not  fuffcr  me  to  hide  them,  to  her  Majefty's 
Peril,  but  to  utter  them  to  her  Majefty's  Safety; 
And  thefe  they  are,  it  is  a  dangerous  Thing  in  t 
Prince  unkindly  to  abufe  his  or  her  Nobility  and 
People,  and  it  is  a  dangerous  Thing  in  a  PrincelD 
oppofe  or  bend  herfelf  againft  her  Nobility  and 
People,  yea  againft  moft  loving  and  faithful  No» 
bility  and  People.  And  how  could  any  Prinet 
more  unkindly  intreat,  abufe,  oppofe  herfelf  t^ 
gainft  her  Nobility  and  People,  than  her  Majc" 
did  the  laft  Parliament  ?  Did  fhe  not  call  it 
Purpofe  to  prevent  traiterous  Perils  to  herPe 
and  for  no  other  Caufe  ?  Did  not  her  Ma) 
fend  unto  us  two  Bills,  willing  us  to  make  c 
of  that  we  liked  beft  for  her  Safety,  and  t 
to  make  a  Law,  promifing  her  Majefty's  R 
Confent  thereunto?  And  did  we  not  firft  cl 
the  one,  and  her  Majefty  refufed  it ;  yielding 
Reafon,  nay,  yielding  great  Reafons  why 
ought  to  have  yielded  to  it  ?  Yet  did  we  nev 
thelels  receive  the  other,  and  agreeing  to  mi 
a  Law  thereof,  Did  not  her  Majefty  in  the  E 
refufe  all  our  Travels?  And  did  not  we,  ' 
Majefty's  faithful  Nobility  and  Subjedls,  plai 
and  openly  decypher  ouifelves  unto  her  Maj 
and  our  hateful  Enemies;  and  hath  not  herl 
jefty  left  us  all  open  to  their  Revenge?  Is  this 
juft  Recompence  in  our  Chriftian  Queen  for 
faithful  Dealings*?  The  Heathen- do  requite  G 
for  Good,  Then  how  much  more  is  it  to  be 
peded  in  a  Chriftian  Prince?  And  will  not 
her  Majefty's  Handling  think  you,  Mr.  S. 
make  cold  Dealing  in  any  of  her  Majefty's 
jedls  toward  her  again?  I  fear  it  will, 
hath  ir  not  caufed  many  already  think  you, 
Speaker,  to  feck  a  Salve  for  the  Head  that 
have  broken?  I  fear  it  liath,  and  many 
will  do  the  like  if  it  be  not  prevented  in  Ti 
And  hath  it  not  marvelloully  rejoiced  and  otf 
raged  the  hollow  Hearts  of  her  Majefty's  hatt 
Enemies  and  traiterous  Subjefts?    No  doubt 

r — '      -^ 

Of    K  N  G   T.    A   N  Dl        inc  I 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  rx       195 

'it  hath:  And  I  be  fee  ch  God  ihat  her  Maje/ty  (i,^^^, 
'  may  do  all  Things  ihal  may  grieve  the  Hearts  of 
'  lift  Enemies,  and  may  joy  the  Hearts  that  un- 
'  ffigDcdly  love  herMajdly:  And  I  befrech  ihe 
' '  lime  God  to  endue  lierM^ijefty  with  his  Wifdom, 
■■'wii^reby  flie  nuy  dilbein  faithful  Advice  from 
\ '  |tai[erous  fugsrcJ  ?<\  eechcs,  and  lo  fend  her  Ma- 
f '  My  a  melting  yielding  Heart  unio  found  CoLin- 
. '  H  that  Will  may  not  ftand  for  a  Reafon :  And 
!  tlien  her  Majelly  wilt  Hand  when  her  Enemies 
]'  S'C  fallen,  for  no  Kftaie  can  (tand  where  the 
Pfince  will  not  be  governed  by  Advice.  And  i 
'  "iwfat  not  but  that  lome  of  her  Majefty's  Coun- 
'  cil  hai'e  deal:  plainly  and  laithfully  with  her  iVIa- 
'a&y  herein ;  if  any  have,  let  it  be  a  fure  Token 
fo  her  Msjefly  10  know  them  for  approved  Sub- 
[  jeflsj  and  whaifoever  they  be  that  did  perfuade 
litrMajefty  fo  unlcindly  to  intreac,  abufe,  and 
I  tooppdfe  herfelf  againft  her  Nobility  and  People, 
[  Of  Commend  her  Majefty  for  fo  doing,  let  it  be 
[  '  fure  TcVen  to  htr  Majeily  to  know  them  for 
[  fi!ic Traitors  mid  Undermincrs  of  her  Majefly'a 
fLiit,  and  remove  them  out  of  her  Majefty'a 
[  Pfefence  and  Favour ;  for  the  more  cunning  they 
I  Jffj  the  more  dangerous  are  they  unto  her  Ma- 
|Hy.  But  was  this  all?  No,  for  God  would 
^voucbfafe  that  his  Holy  Spirit  fliould  all  that 
It)  defcend  lipon  our  Bilhops ;  fo  that  in  that 
m  nothing  was  done  to  the  Advancement  of 
Glory,  I  have  heard  of  old  Parhament-Meni 
Jibe  Bantfhmeiit  of  the  Pope  snd Pupcry,  and 
FReftoring  of  true  Religion  had  their  Be- 
long from  this  Houfe,  and  not  from  the  Bi- 
'1  and  I  have  he.ird  few  Laws  for  Rdigi- 
i  their  Foundaiion  ffom  them;  and  1  do 
Jthnifc,  befoie  GodI  fptnk  it,  that  the  Bi- 
"»«re  Ihe  Caufe  of  that  doleful  Mellage, 
IHfhew  yo.i  what  moveth  me  jb  to  think: 
•t  amtingft  oihers,  the  laft  P.irliameni,  fent 
*^  Bifhop  of  CantK'hury,  for  the  Articles 
Wigion  that  then  palled  th:^  Houfe.  He  afked 
'  "'hy  ^e  did  put  out  of  the  Book  the  Articles 
N    J  *  for 

ipfi   The  '^arliametitary  Hi&TOR.r 

Q2(eaEli«b«h. '  for  the  Homilies,  Conrecraling  of  Biftiops,  and 

■i7S-       *  fachlike?     Surely,   Sir,  laid  1,  becaufe  we  were 

'  fo  occupied  in  other  Matters,  that  we  had  no 

*  Time  to  examine  them  how  ihey  agreed  with  the 

*  Word  of  Go(i:  Wiiai,  faid  he,  furely  youmif- 
'  took  the  Matter,  you  will  refer  yourfelveawhol- 
'  ly  to  us  therein?  No,  by  the  Faith  1  bear  lo 
'  God,  laid  I,  we  will  pals  noihing  before  we  un- 
'  derlland  what  it  is;  (or  that  were  but  to  malce 
'  yoii  Pspes ;  make  you  Pcpss  who  lifl,  faid  I,  for 
'  we  will  make  you  none.  And  fure,  Mr.  Speaker, 
'  the  Speech  feemed  lo  me  to  be  a  Pope-SieS^eedi, 
'  and  I  Tear  left  our  Bifhops  do  attribute  this  of  die 
'  Psp^'s  Canons  unto  themfelves.  Papa  non  pslt/i 

*  irrart ;  for  furely  if  they  did  not,  they  would 
'  reform  Things  amiis,  and  not  to  fpurn  againll 
'  God's  People  for  writing  therein  as  they  do;  but 
'  I  can  tell  them  News,  they  do  but  k'  ' 
'  the  Pricks,  for  undoubtedly  they  both 

*  do  err,  and  God  will  reveal  his  Trull 
'  theHearisof  them  and  all  his  Enemies,  foir;_ 

*  is  ihe  Truth,  and  it  will  prevail :  And  lo 
'  the  Truih..  it  is  an  Error  to  think  that  Gfl 
'  Spirit  is  tied  only  to  them  ;  for  the  Heavenly  $ 
'  rit  feith,  Fir/l  feek  the  Kingdom  of  God  and 

*  RighUoufnefi  thereof^  and  all  ihcje  Thlngi  {cot 
'  ing  temporal)  JhaU  be  glvm  you :  Theic  Wi 
'  were  not  fpoken  to  ihc  Bifhops  only,  but  to  i 
'  and  the  Writ,  ^^^.  Speaker,  that  we  are  aOt 

*  up  by,  is  chiefly  to  deal  in  God's  Caufe  J  fodl 
'  ourCommiflion  both  from  God,  and  our  Print 
'  is  to  de^l  in  God'sCaufes :   Therefore  ibeaccq 

*  ting  of  fuch  Mefliiges,  and  taking  them  in  g0 
'  Part,  do  highly  offend  God,  and  istheAcoai 
'  lien  of  the  Breach  of  the  Liberties  of  this  H 
'  nourahle  Council  J  for  is  it  not  all  oneThit^l 

*  fay,  Sirs,  you  fliall  deal  in  fuch  Matters  onIy,j; 
'  to  fay,  you  fhall  not  deal  in  fuch  Matters?    '" 

*  fo  as  good  to  have  fools  and  Flatlerers  in 
'  Houle,  as  Men  of  Wifdom,  grave  Judgmi 
'  faithful  Hearts,  and  lincereConfciences;  fori 
'  being  [aught  what  they  ihall  do,   can  give  thi 

^  Cob 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      IJ17 

'  Confents  as  well  as  the  others :  Well,  He  thatq^ 
'  hath  an  Office,  faith  St.  Paul,  let  him  luah  on  his 
'  Officii  or  give  diligent  Attendance  upon  his  Of- 
'  lice.  It  i3  a  great  and  fpecia!  Part  of  our  Duty 
'  snd  Office,  Mr.  Speaker,  to  maintain  the  Free- 
'  dom  of  Confultaiion  and  Speech;  for  by  this, 
'  good  Laws  that  do  fet  forth  God's  Glory,  and  for 
'  the  Prefervaiion  of  the  Prince  and  State  are  made. 
'  St.  Paul'iii  the  fame  Place  laith,  Hate  that  which 
'  u  evil,  cleave  unlo  that  which  is  good:  Then 
'  with  St.  Paul,  I  do  advife  you  all  here  prefect, 
'  7ea,  and  heartily  and  earneftly  defire  yoit  from 
'  the  Bottom  of  your  Hearts,  to  hate  all  Meilen- 
'  gers,  Tale- Carriers,  or  any  other  Thing  what- 
'  foever  it  be  that  any  manner  of  way  infringes 
'  the  Liberties  of  this  Honourable  Council;  yea, 
'  hate  it  or  them  as  venemous  and  Poifon  unto  cur 

*  Common -Wealth,  for  they  are  venemous  Beafts 
'  that  do  ufe  it;  therefore  I  fay  again  and  again, 
'  Hate  that  which  is  evil,  and  cleave  unta  that 
'  which  is  good;  and  this,  being  loving  and  faithful 
'  hearted,  I  do  wifh  to  be  conceived  in  Fear  of 
'  God,  and  of  Love  to  our  Prince  and  Statej  for 
'  we  are  incorporated  into  this  Place,  to  ferve  God 
'  and  all  England,  and  not  to  be  Time-Servers,  as 

*  Humour- feeders,  as  Cancers  that  would  pierce  the 
'  Bone,  or  as  Flatterers  that  would  fain  beguile  all 
'  the  World,  and  To  Worthy  to  be  condemned  both 
'  of  God  and  Man ;  but  let  us  Ihew  ourfelves  a 
'  People  endued  with  Faith,  I  mean  with  a  lively 
'  Faith,  that  bringeth  forth  good  Works,  and  not 
'  as  dead.  And  thefe  good  Works  I  with  to  break 
'  forth  in  this  Sort,  not  only  in  hating  the  Enemies 
'  before-fpoken  againft,  but  alfo  in  open  reproving 
'  them  as  Enemies  to  God,  our  Prince  and  State 
'  that  do  ufe  them,  for  they  are  fo.  Therefore  I 
'  would  have  none  fparcd  or  forborn  that  (hall 

,'  from  henceforth  offend  herein,  of  what  Calling 
'  foever  he  be,  for  the  higher  Place  he  hath,  the 
'  more  Harm  he  may  do ;  therefore  if  he  will  not 
'  efchew  Offences,  the  higher  I  wifli  him  hanged. 
fci  fpeak  this  in  Charity,  Mr.  Speaker,  for  i:  is  bet- 
N  3  tcr 

1^6   The  Tarlfameutary  Hi  ^^ 

:nEh»iit[h.'  for  the  Homilies,  ConfecraUiig  of 
'S75-        •  fuchlike?     Surely,    Sir,  laid  1,  ' 
'  fo  occupied  in  other  Matters, 
'  Time  to  examine  them  how'         '' 
'  Word  of  GoJ.-   What,  fa'         -^]^^'"'? 
'  took  the  Matter,  youwil'  ^™  '°A 

»  ly  to  OS  Therein?     No  we  have  fa _ 

'  God,  (aid  I,  we  will  'Ju^dble  Cou^ 

*  derftand  what  it  is  ;  "'-^c,  Mr.  Speatt 
'  yoii  Fi^t^i ;  make  •  '""  t^"'J»  our  Frilg 
'  wewill  makeyo-  ■  ^onfit'ente  by  ihemj 
'  the  Speech  feeP  ■''^^  *^^"'  '"""  1"^  £'■"'1 
'  and  I  fear  lef  ifl^t  we  may  from  henceloq 
'  Pope's  Czr    y/Aer  B:i(laias  nor  DalhrdsJ 

*  irrart;  f  ^/ghtly-hegoucn  Children,  * 
'  reform  '..^(«< boldly  reprove  God's  EnemH 
t  God'-  .j^jfld  S'^^^  '•   ^"'^ '''  ^^11  every  orfj 

*  la  ■'S^  ""'■  ^""^^  '"  ■'^'^  ""I"  H'g^ 
«  Ih     -S  he  ^^^^  P'^"^  "s.  and  Ihew  oj 

*  'TSsaCE^'''  3"''  Cleavers  to  that  that' 
■  ate  /eriing  forth  of  God's  G  lory  and  I 

/JJjtoif'c  Prefervalion  of  curNuhleC 
,'iW'""""  ^V'ealih ;  for  thefe  are  the  ^ 
,^e  might  only  in  this  Place  toflioota.., 
,  ifiusearneft,  I  take  God  to  witnefs,  for  Cd 
*  jjJif,  Love  liiiio  my  Prince  and  C^ 
,  iVealth,  and  for  the  Advancement  'l 
.  l!icej  for  Ju^ia,  tailh  an  Anticnt  Fathgj 
•■  Prime  of  all  Firtues,  yea,  the  faft  at^A 
Guard  of  Man's  Life,  for  by  it  Empirim 
doms,  Piopk,  and  Cities  be  governed,  tS^ 

*  if  it  be  taken  auiayy  the  Sxiety  sf  Mat 
■*  htrg  endure.     And  a  King,  f.iiih  Soloim, 

*  fitteth  in  the  Ihrene  of  Judgment,  and  ba 

*  about  him,  ihafetb  away  all  Evil:  In  ihe^ 
'  Sfaleand  Throne,  God  lor  his  great  Mercia 
'  grant  ih^t  our  Noble  Q^ieen  may   be'T 

*  ly  vigilmtand  watchful;  for  farely  ther* 
'  great  Fault   commiired  boih  in  the  laftl 

*  mcnt,  and  fince  alfo  that  was,  as  faithful! 
'  as  any  were  unto  the  Prince  and  State, 

'ENGLAND,      15151 

■^^,  the  which  is  but  an  hard  Point ^„nEiij,,^ti^ 

■'inge  the  Enemy,  to  difcourage       1575. 

■   who  of  lervenc  Love  can- 

;-  "-w  the  Rule  of  St.  Paul, 

W  '-{houi  D-jJimuhtion. 

^  ^  *^;t  I  ibuiid  the  laft 

^  Voftbis  Houfe  alfo, 

|r(L  ihem  all  might  be 

^^^  .J  Men  ia  other  Cau- 

^  ^  [hem  in  that  Doing,  fit 

,(ilt  which  they  had  moft 

,  mufed  at  it,  and  aiked  what 

,0  think  it  a  flianieful  Thing  to 

:ir  Prince  or  Country,    with  ihe 

.J ,  and  not  with  the  Heart  and  Body. 

.wered  that  ii  was  a  common  Policy  \t\, 

fe,    to  mail;   the  belt  Sort  of  the  fame, 

:r  10  fit  orarile  with  tliem  ;    that  fame 

Policy,   I  would  gladly  have  baniOied 

fe,  and  have  grafted  in  the  Stead  thereof, 

\  rife  or  fit  as  the  Matter  givethCaufe; 

lyes  ef  the  l.i,rd  behold  all  the  Earthy  to 

lalltheHcsris  of  them  that  are  while  w:th 

hefe  be  God's  own  Words,  mark  ihem 

heartily   befeech  you  all;    for  God  will 

ve  Half- part,  he  will  have  the  Whole. 

n,  he  mifliketh  thefe  two-faced  Gentle- 

1  here  be  many  Eyes  that- will  to  their 

me  behold  their  double  Dealing  that  ufc 

IS  I  have  holden  you  long  with  my  rude 

thewhich  fincc  it  rcndeth  wholly  with 

nfcience  to  feek  the  Advancement   of 

lory,  our  Honourable  Sovereign's  Safety, 

e  fure  Defence  of  this  noble  Ifie  of  Eng~ 

id  all  by  maintaining  of  the  Liberties  of 

lounble  Council,    the  Fountain  from 

ill  thcfe  do  fpringi  my  humble  andhear- 

nto  you  all  is,  to  accept  my  Good- Will, 

this  that  I  have  here  fpoken  out  of  Con- 

nd  great  Zeal  unto  my  Prince  and  State, 

be  buried  in  the  Pit  of  Oblivion,  and  fo 

come  thereof.' 

'  Upon 

1^8     'Ihe  Parliamentary  >Tistort 

a.      PI'   u  L  '  '^f  '''^^  ™^  fhouU  be  hanged,  that  ihisNu- 
.575  tie  Slate  fliouM  be  fiibveriedi  well,  I  ptay  God 

'  wiih  all  mv  Heart,  to  turn  tiie  Hearts  of  all  tht 
'  Enemies  of  our  Priin:c  and  Stite,  and  to  fot^ii't 
'  them  [hat  wlietcln  they  have  ulfeniied,  yea,  ami 
'  [Ogive  iheni  Grace  to  ofic-iid  therein  no  raoiej 
'  even  To  1  do  heartily  bcfcLcli  God  to  forgive  ui 

*  for  holding  our  Peace  when  we  have  heard  any 
'  Injury  offered  to  i!iis  Honourable  Council;  lot 
■  furely  it  is  no  fmall  OiRncc,  Mr.  Speaker,  for 
'  we  offenil  therein  againll  God,  our  Prince  and 

*  State,  and  abufe  the  Confidence  by  thetti  repoftd 
'  in  us.  Wherefore  Gud  tor  his  great  Mercin 
'  Sake,  grant  that  we  may  from  henceforth  fliew 
'  ourfelves  neither  B^ftntds  nor  Daltards  thertin, 
'  but  that  as  rightly -begciien  Children,  we  nuy 

*  Oiarply  and  boldly  reprove  God's  Enemies,  out 

*  Prince's  and  State ;   and  fo  fliall  every  one  of  us 

*  dilcharge    out-  Duties  in  this  our  High-Ofo, 

*  wherein  he  hath  placed  us,  and  fliew  ourfelvcs 
'  Hatersof  Evil,  and  Cleavers  to  that  that  is  good, 
'  to  the  fetting  forth  of  God's  Glory  and  Honotifi 
'  and  to  the  Prefervation  of  cur  Noble  Queen  and 
'  Conifnon-Wealth;    for  thefe  are  the  Marks  that 

■'  we  ought  only  in  this  Place  to  fliooi  at.  lam 
'  thus  earneft,  I  take  God  to  witncfs,  for  Conlciencc 

*  Sake,    Love   unto  my    Prince  and    Common- 

*  WeaUh.  and  for  the  Advancement  of  ju- 
'  flice;   for  Juft'ia,  faith  an  Aniient  Father,  11  iW 

*  Prince  of  all  fmues,  yea,  the  fafe  and  fdtlfi 
'  Guard  of  Man's  Life,  for  by  it  EmpireSy  Ki't 
'  dyiis,  Peiple,  and  Cities  be  governed,  the  wUcb 

*  if  it  be  taken  away^  the  Society  ef  Man  laniiit 
'  long  endure.     And  a  King,  f.iiih  Solomon,  thi^ 

*  fitteth  in  the  Ihrone  of  Judgment,  and  lodeth  vnX 

*  about  him,  chafetb  away  all  Evil:  In  the  whicb 
'  Stale  and  Throne,God  for  his  great  Mercies  Salte, 
'  grant  that  our  Noble  Q^ieen  may  be  heaili- 
'  ly  vigilant  and  watchful ;    for  furely  there  was » 

*  great  Fault  committed  both  in  the  lail  Patlii- 

*  mcnt,  and  lince  aUo  that  was,  as  faithful  Hearts 
'  as  any  were  unto  the  Prince  and  State,    receival 

'  (iioft 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      i^p 

moft  Difpleafurcj  the  which  is  bui  an  liard  Po'ntn,„nEliHb(ih. 
in  Policy,  to  encourage  tlie  Enemy,  ro  difcourage  1575. 
ihe  fait iiful- hearted,  who  of  Jervent  Love  can- 
rot  diflemble,  but  follow  the  Rule  of  St.  Paul, 
who  laith.  Let  Love  he  ■without  D:£imuliiimi. 
*  Now  10  another  great  Fault  I  lound  the  iall 
Parliameni,  committed  by  fome  ofthis  Houfeal;o, 
the  which  I  would  defire  of  them  all  might  be 
left  i  I  have  feen  right  good  Men  in  other  Cau- 
fes,  although  1  did  diflike  ihem  in  that  Doing,  li: 
in  an  evil  Matter  againlt  which  they  had  molt 
carneftiv  fpokeri :  I  muied  at  it,  and  afcd  what 
it  meant,  for  I  do  think  it  a  (hameful  Thing  to 
ferve  God,  their  Prince  or  Country,  with  the 
Tongue  only,  and  not  with  the  Henrc  and  Body. 
I  was  anfweted  that  it  was  a  common  Policy  in 
tiiisHoufe,  to  mark  the  beftSoit  of  the  lame, 
and  either  to  fit  or  arile  with  them  ;  that  lame 
common  Policy,  I  would  gladly  have  bsniflied 
this  Houfc,  and  have  grafted  in  the  Stead  thereof, 
either  to  rife  or  fil  as  the  Matter  givethCaufe: 
Fsr  ikt  Eye!  t,f  the  Lard  behold  all  the  Earth,  le 
firengthen  all  the  Hearts  efihem  that  are 
bim.  Thefe  be  God's  own  Words,  mark  them 
well,  I  heartily  befeech  you  allj  for  God  will 
not  receive  Half- pan,  he  will  have  the  Whole. 
And  again,  he  mifliketh  thefe  two-faced  Gentle- 
men, and  here  be  many  Eyes  thit  will  to  their 
great  Shame  behold  their  double  Dealing  that  ufc 
it.  Thus  I  have  holden  you  long  with  my  rude 
Speech  ;  the  which  lince  it  tendelh  wholly  with 
pute  Confcicnte  to  feek  the  Advancement  of 
God's  Glory,  our  Honourable  Sovereign's  Safety, 
and  to  the  lure  Defence  of  this  noble  Ille  of  E^l^- 
knd,  and  all  by  maintaining  of  the  Liberties  of 
diis  Honourable  Council,  the  Fountain  fromi 
whence  all  ihcfe  do  fpring ;  my  humble  and  hear- 
ty Suit  unto  you  all  is,  to  accept  my  Good- Will, 
snd  that  this  that  I  have  here  fpuken  out  of  Con- 
fcience  and  great  Zeal  unto  my  Piinceand State, 
may  not  be  buried  in  the  Pit  of  Oblivion,  and  fo 
Ho  Good  come  ilicrcol.' 

'  Upon 


aoo     The  'Parliamentary  Histor  r 

""s7s"  "^  '      '  Upon  thisSpeech,  the  Houle  out  of  a  reverenl 
Regard  of    her   Majeily's  Honour,     ftopped    his 
furihcr  Proceeding  before  he  had    fully  finilhed. 
The  MclTage  Mr,  Wsntwurih  meant  and  iniended, 
was  that  which  v;as  fent  by  her  Majefty  to  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  in  ihe  Fourteenth  Year  of  her 
Reign,  upon  the  28th  Day  of  May^  by  Sir  Framis 
Knalki  Kl.  inhibitirg  them,  for  a  certain  Time,  ta 
treat  or  deal  in   the  Mailer  touching  the  &cmiJB 
Mr,  Wtntworih     '  ^^f-   i^iviworth  being  fequeftred   the    HoufT 
feqofftred  from  for    his    faid    Speecii,     11    was    agreed    and    or- 
w!i's"e"ch'   '°'^''^''^''  ^y  the  Houfe  upon  the  Queliion  (after  fur* 
dry  Motions  and  Difpulaiions  had  therein  1  that  ht 
fhoold  be  prefentiy  committed  to  the    Serjeant 'i 
Wata  as  Prifoner  j  and  fo  remaining,  Ihould  be  ex- 
amined upon  his  laid  Speech,  !or  the  extenuating 
'  of  his  Fault  therein,  by  a  Committee  confifting  of 

all  the  Privy-Council  being  of  this  Houfe,  ando- 
tlier  Members. 

Next  follows  Mr  Wentwortb'^  own  Account  of 
his  Examination,  before  the  Committee,  aa  fol- 

n        '„.      'ATirHERE    is  your  law 

punted  tp  «a-  '     W       Speech    you  promifd 

inins  him  there-  <  to   deliver  in  Writing  ?  ' 

VP"°'  fp-'entzverib.     '  Here  it  is,  and  I  deliver  it  upon 

'  two  Conditions:  The  fiift  is,  That  you  flail 
'  perufe  it  all,  and  if  you  can  find  any  Want  of 
*  Good-Will  to  my  Prince  and  State  in  any  Pan 
'  thereof,  let  meanlwerail  as  if  1  had  uttered  sH' 
'  The  fecond  is.  That  you  fliali  deliver  it  unto  tiw 
'  Queen's  Majefty;  if 'her  Majefty,  otyouofh" 
'  Privv-Council,  can  find  any  Want  of  Loveto 
'  her  Majefty,or  theStaie  iheielnaifo;  let  mean- 
'  fwer  it  ? 

Cam.  '  We  will  deal  with  no  more  than  J« 
'  uttered  in  the  Hcufe.' 

IViKl.  '  Your  Honours  cannot  refufe  to  deliwr 
(  (t  to  her  Majefty,  for  I  do  iend  it  to  her  Majeftf 

O/-  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      201 

as  my  Heart  and  Mind,  knowing  it  will  do  her 
Majcfty  good  ;  it  will  hurt  no  Man  buttnyfetf.'    ^ 

Com.  *  Seeing  your  Defire  is  to  have  us  deliver 
it  to  her  Majefty  ;  we  will  deliver  it,' 
Went,     *  I  humbly   require  your  Honours  fo  to 
I  do.' 
Then  the  Speech  being  read,  they  faid. 
Com.  '  Here  you  have  utiered  certain  Rutnour^ 
'  of  the  Queen's  Majefty  :  Where  and  of  whom 
'  lieard  you  them  ? ' 

Went.  '  If  your  Honours  ask  me  as  Counfellers 
'  Ic  her  Majefty,  you  ftial!  pardon  me  ;  I  will 
'  make  you  no  Anfwer :  I  will  do  no  fuch  Injury 
'  to  the  Place  from  whence  I  came  ;  for  I  am 
;■  no  private  Perfon,  I  am  a  puhlick,  and  a 
'  Councellor  to  the  whole  State,  in  that  Place, 
'  where  it  is  lawful  for  me  to  fpeak  my  Mind  free- 
'  ly;  and  not  for  you,  as  Counfellors,  to  call  me  to 
'  Account  for  any  thing  that  I  do  fpeak  in  the 
'  Houfe  ;  and  therefore  if  you  ask  measCounfel- 
'  lots  to  her  Majefty,  you  Ihall  pardon  me,  I  will 
'  make  no  Anfwer;  but  if  youaskmeas  Commit- 
'  !ees  from  the  Houfe,  I  will  make  you  the  beft 
'  Anfwer  I  can.' 

Com.  '  We  ask  you  as  Committees  from  the 
*  Houfc/ 

Wtnt.  '  1  will  then  anfwer  you  ;  and  thewil- 
'  linger  for  that  mine  Anfwer  will  be  in  fomc  Part 
'  foimperfefl  as  ol  Neceffiiy  il  muft  be.  Your 
'  Queftion  confifteih  of  thefe  two  Points,  Where 
'  and  of  whom  I  heard  thefe  Rumours  ?  The 
if  Place  where  I  heard  them  was  the  Parliament- 
Kife  ;    but  of  whom,  lafliire  you,  I  cannot 

Com.  '  This  is  no  Anfwer  to  fay,  you  cannot 
!'  tell  of  whom,  neither  will  we  take  it  for  any." 

ffnt-  '  Tmly  your  Honours  muft  needs  take 
'  il  for  an  AnJ'wer,  when  I  can  make  you  no 
'  better." 

Com.  '  Belike  you  have  heard  fome  Speeches, 
'  JD  (he  Town,  of  her  Majefty's  mifliking  of  Re- 

202    Thc'Parliafnentary  Histokt 

3<iii, '  ligion  and  SuccelTion  ;  you  are  loth  to  utter  of 

*  whom,  and  did  ufe Speeches  thereupon-' 

iVtnt.  '  I  afliire  you  Honours  I  can  fhew  you 
'  that  Speech  at  my  own  Houfe,  written  with  my 
'  Hand  two  or  three  Years  ago.     So  that  you  maj' 

*  thereby  judge,  that  I  did  not  Ipeak  it  of  any 
'   thing  that  I  heard  fince  I  came  to  Town.' 

Coin.  '  You  have  aufwered  that,  but   where 

*  heard  you  it  then.' 

jytnt.     '  If  your  Honours  do  think  I  fpeak  for 
'  Excufe- Siike,    let  this  latijfy   you:  I  proteltbe- 

*  fore  the  li\ingGod  I  cannot  le'll  of  whom  Iheard 
'  thele  Rumours  ;  yet  I  do  verily  think  thiH  I  hearti 
'  them  of  a  hundred  or  [vvo  in  the  Houie- 

dm.  '  Then  of  fo  many  you  can  name  forae  .  ' 
Went.  »  Nofurely,  becaule  It  was  lo  general  a 
'  Speech,  I  marked  none  ;  neither  do  Men  marlc 
'  Speakers  commonly  when  they  be  general :  And 
'  I  affure  you  if  I  could  tell,  I  would  not.  For  I 
'  will  never  utter  any  thing  told  me,  to  the  Hurt  d 
'  any  Man,  when  I  am  not  enforced  Ihereunio, 
'  as  in  this  Cale  I  may  chule.  Yet  1  would  deal 
'  plainly  with  you,  for  I  would  teli  your  Honours 
'  fo,andif  your  Honours  do  tint  credit  me,Iwill 
'  voluntarily  take  an  Oath,  if  you  ofter  me  a  Book, 

*  that   I  cannot  tell   of  whom  I  heard  thofeRu 

'  mours.     But  if  you  offer  me  an  Oath  of  your 

*  Authorities,  I  will  refule  it  ;  bccaufe   I  will  d" 

*  nothing  to  infiinge  the  Liberties  of  the  Houfe. 
'  But  what  need  I  loiifeihelcSpeeches?  Iwillgive 
'  you  an  Inftance,  whereupon  I  heard  thcfe  R«J- 
'  mour-i  to  your  Satisfying,  even  luch  a  one,  as  il 
'  you  will  fpeak  the  Trmh,  you  Ihall  confefs,  tti^t 
'  you  heard  the  fame  as  well  as  I. 

Com.  '  In  fo  doing  we  will  be  fasisfied  :  Wii^t 

*  is  that  ? 

IViiit.  '  The  laft  Parliament  [by  which  it  may 
'  be  conceived  he  meant  and  intended  that  Parlia- 
'  mcnt  in  An.  13  Rigina  Eliz.']  he  thiit  is  noW 
'  Si>eaker  \.viz.   Riltrt  B41,  Elq;   who  was  alio 

*  Speaker  in  the  firit  Seffion  of  this  prefent  Parlia- 
'  ment  in  An.  14  Regina:  ejufdnr.'^  uttered  a  very 


Of    ENGLAND.     203 

good  Speech  for  the  calling:  in  of  ctrtain  Licen- 
ces granted  to  four  Couriicrs,  to  the  utter  Undo- 

*  ing  of  fix  or  eiglit  thoufnnd  of  the  Qiieen's  Maje- 
fty'a  Subjeifts.  This  Speech  was  lo  dlJliked  of 
fomeof  the  Coiiticll,  that  he  was  fent  for;  and  fo 
liardly  dealt  with,  that  he  came  into  the  Houle 
with  fuch  an  amazed  Co.intenancc,  thai  it  daun- 
ted all  the  Houfe  in  fuch  Sort,  that  for  ten,  twelve, 

'  or  fixteen  Days,   there  was  not  one  in  ihe  Houfe 

'  tiiat    durft  deal  in   any  Matter  of  Importance. 

'  And  inthofe  iimple   Matters  that  they  dealt  in, 

they  fpent  more  Words  and  Time  in  iheir  Prc- 

*  amble,  requiring  that  they  might  not  be  miftaken, 
'*  than  they   did   in  the  Matter  they  fpake  unto. 

This  Inconvenience  ^rew  unto  the  Houfe  by  the 
Councils  hard  handling  of  the  faid  good  Mem- 
ber, whereupon  this  Rumour  grew  in  the  Houfe. 

*  Sirs,yini  may  not ^eah  agahijl  Licences,  the  ^een's 

*  Miyefty    -Mil    be   angry,     the   Privy-Cmncil    Isa 

*  mil  be  aagry;  and  this  Rumour  I  fuppofe  there 
is  not  one  of  you  here  but  heard  it  as  well  as  I. 

1     I  befeech  your  Honours  difcharge  your  Confci- 

*  ences  herein  as  I  do.' 
Cem.  '  We  heard  ir,  we  confefs,  and  you  have 

I  *  fatisfied  us  in  this  ;  But  how  fay  you  to  the  bard 

*  Interpretation  yon  made  of  the  Meflage  that  was 
■  fent  into  the  Houfe  .' '  [The  Words  were  reci- 
ted.] '  We  allure  you  We  never  heard  a  harder  In- 
'  tcrpretation  of^  Mefliige.' 

IVeat.  '   I  fcei'eech  )our  Honours,   firfl,   was 
,"*  there  not  fuch  a  Mell:ige  fent  unto  the  Houfe  f ' 
^     Cam.  *  We  grant  that  there  was.' 
..     iVent,  *  Then  I  cruft  you  will  bear  me  Record 
"  that  I  made  ii  not ;  and  I  aniwer  you  that  fo  hard 

a  MefTagc  could  not  have  too  hard  an  Interpre- 
'  lation  made  by  the  wifeft  Man  in  England.     For, 

can  there  by  any  poflible  Means  be  fent  a  harder 

*  Meflage  to  a  Council  gathered  together  10  letve 
'  God,  than  to  fay,  Yuu  fhall  not  feek  to  advance 

*  the  Glory  of  God  ?     I  am  of  this  Opinion  that 

*  there  cannot  be  a  more  wicked  Meflage  than  it 

I  Com. 

204     ^'^'^  'Parliamentary  H1ST0R.T 

enZlinhrth.        ^'""-    '  ^°^  '"^X    ^^^  fpezk  againll  Meffage? 

IS7S.       '  fornone  fendelh  them  but  the  Queen's  Majefty, 

Treni.     '  If  the  Mtflage  be  againft  the  Glory  a 

'  God,  againft  the  Prince's  Safety,  or  againft  th» 

'  Liberty  of  this   Parliament- Houfc   whereby  iht 

*  State  is  maintained,  I  neither  may  nor  will  holu 
'  my  Peace.     I  cannot  in  fo  doing  difchai^e  my 

*  Confcience,  whofoever  doth  fend  it.     And  I  fay, 

*  ihat  I  heartily  repent  me,  for  that  I  have  bither- 
'  to  held  my  Peace  in  thtfe  Caufes,  and  I  dopro- 
'  mife  you  all,  if  God  forlake  me  not,  that  1  will 
'  never,  during  Life,  hold  my  Tongue,  if  any 
'  Mefilige  is  fent,  wherein  God  is  diDionoured,  the 

*  Prince    perilled,  or  the  Liberties  of  the  Parii'a- 

*  ment  impeached  ;  and  every  one  of  you  hsre 

*  prefent  ought  to  repent  you  of  thefe  Faults,  and 
'  to  amend  ihcm. 

Cum.  '  It  is  no  new  Precedent  to  have  tie 
'  Prince  to  fend  Meilages.' 

[  Then  were  two  or  three  Meflages  ccciled,  feni 
by  two  or  three  Princes,] 

ff^ent.  '  Sits,  faid  I,  you  do  very  evil  to  alldge 
Precedents  in  this  Order.     You  ought  to  alledge 

wd  Precedents  to  comfort  and  embolden  Men 

,  Good  Doing,  and  evil  Precedents  to  difcou- 
'  rage  and  terrify  Men  to  do  Evil.' 

Ccni.   '  But  what  meant  you  to  make  fo  tarii 

■  Interpretation  of  Meflages ' '    ^ 
fVent-  '  Surely  I  marve!   vimt  you  mean  by 

'  afking  this  Queftion.     Have  I  net  (aid,  fo  hard  a 

■  Meil^ige  could  not  have  Too  hard  an  InterpreB- 
'  tion  ;  and  have  I  not  (et  down  the  Reafon  llist 
'  moved  me  in  my  Speech,  that  is  to  fay,  that  fe 
'  the  Receiving  and  Accepting  that  Meflage,  GoJ 
'  has  poured  fo  great  Indignation  upon  us,  ihatb 

into  the  Queen's  Majefty's  Heart  to  leftife 
'  good  and  wholcfome  Laws  for  her  own  Prefer- 
'du  i  which  caufed  many  loving  and  feitbfijl 
'  Hearts,  for  Grief,  to  bmft  out  with  forrowful 
'  Te;irs  ;  and  moved  all  P.ipills,  Traitors  tii  Goi 
'■  to  her  Majefty,  and  toeverygood  Chriftiap  Ga- 
'  Vernment,  in  theit  Sleeves  to  ]augh  the  whole 
'  Pir- 

0/-  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       soj 

'  Parliament-Houfe   to  fcorn.     Have  1  not  thusq, 
'  (aid  i  and  do  not  your  Honours  think  it  did  fo  ? ' 

Com.  '  Yes  truly.  But  how  durlt  you  lay, 
'  ihat  the  Queen's  Majefty  had  unkindly  abufed 
'  herfclf  againft  the  Nobility  and  People  ? ' 

IFml.  '  I  befcech  your  Honours,  tell  me  how 
'  far  you  can  ftreich  thefe  Words  of  her  unkind- 
'  \y  abufing  and  oppofing  herfelf  againft  liei  Ma- 
'  jelly's  Nobility  and  People?  Can  you  apply 
'  ihem  any  further  than  I  have  applied  them,  that 
'  istofay,  in  that  her  Majefty  called  the  Parlia- 
'  mentof  purpofe  to  prevent  traiterous  Perils  to  her 
'  Perfon,  and  for  no  other  Caufe ;  2nd  in  that  her 
'  Majefty  did  fend  unto  us  two  Bills,  willing  us  to 
'  uke  our  Choice  of  that  we  liked  beft  for  her  Ma- 
'  jefty's  Safety,  and  thereof  to  make  a  Law  promi- 

*  ling  her  Royal  Confent  thereunto  ;  and  did  we 
'  nolfirft  chufe  the  one,  and  her  Majefty  refufed 
'  il  t  yet  did  not  wc  neverthelcfs  receive  the  o- 

*  tlier  ?  and  agreeing  to  make  a  Law  thereof,  did 
'  not  her  Majefty,  in  the  End,  refufe  all  our  Tra- 
'  vels  ?  And  did  not  the  Lord  Keeper,  in  her 
'  Majefty's  Prefence,  in  the  Beginning  of  the  Par- 

*  liamenl,  (hew   this  to  be  the  Occafion   that  we 

*  were  called  together  ?  And  did  not  her  Majefty, 
'  in  the  End  of  the  Parliament,  refufe  all  our  Tra- 
'  vels  ?  Is  not  this  known  to  all  here  prefent,  and 
'to  all  the  Pai  1  lament- Houle  alfo?  I  befcech 
'  your  Honours  diftharge  your  Confciences  herein, 
'  and  utter  your  Knowledge  fimply  as  I  do  ;  for  in 

*  Truth  herein  her  Majefty  did  abufe  her  Nobility 
'  »nd  Subjefls,  and  did  opjHjfe  herfelf  againft  them 
'  by  the  Way  of  Advice.- 

Cam.  '  Surely  wc  cannot  deny  it ;  you  fay 
'  the  Truth.' 

IVint.  '  Then  1  befeech  your  Honours  fliew 
'  me  if  it  were  not  a  dnngerous  Doing  to  her  Ma- 
'  jcfty  in  thefe  two  Refpei^ls.  Firft,  in  weakening, 
'  wounding,  and  difcouraging  the  Hearts  of  her 
'  Majefty's  loving  and  faithful  Subjedts,  thereby  to 

*  make  them  the  lefs  able  or  the  more  fearful  and 
'  unwilling  lo  feive  her  Majefty,  another  Time. 

'  On 

2o6    The  'Pnrl'mmcntary  Histort 

QowiEiittbedi.  -  On  the  other  Side,  was  it  nut  a  Rai/iiig-up  and 

'S7S-       '  Encouraging  the  Hearts  of  her  MajeRv's  hateful 

'  Enemies  to adveniure  any  delperate  Enterpnzeto 

*  her  Majefty's  Peri!  and  Danger  ? ' 

Cam.  '  Wc  cmnoideny  but  that  it  was  very 

*  dangerous  to  her  Majelly  in  thofe  Refpefts.' 

IVent.  '  Then  why  do  your  Honours  ask  ho* 
'  I  dare  tell  a  Truth,  to  givu  the  Qiicen's  Majefty 
'  Warning  to  avoid  her  Dinger  ?  * 

*  I  anfwer  you  thus,   i  do  thank  the  Lord  my 

*  God,  that  I  never  found  'P'ear  in  myfelf  to  give 

*  the  Queen's  Majefty  Warning  to  avoid  her  Dan- 
'  ger  ;  be  you  all  afraid  thereof  if  you  will,  fori 
'  praife  God  I  am  not,  and  1  hope  never  to  live  to 
'  fee  that  Day ;  and  yet  I  will  aflure  your  Ho- 
'  tiour,  that    twpnty  Times  and  more,  when  I 

*  walked  in  my  Grounds  revotvinj;  thisSpc-ech  to 
'  prepare  againit  this  Day,  my  own  fearful  Conceit 

*  did  fay  unto  me,  That  this   Speech   would  carry 

*  me  !o  the  Place  whither  I  (h.i!l  tiow  go,  and 
'  Fear  would  have  moved  me  to  have  put  it  out,; 

*  then  I  weighed  whether  in  good  Conicience,  and 
'  the  Duly  of  a  faithful  SubjeiSl,   I  might  keep  my- 

*  felfout  of  Prifon,and  not  to  warn  my  Prince  from  ' 
'  walking  in  a  dangerous  Courfe  ;  my  Confcience^ 
'  faid  unto  me.  That  I  could  not  be  a  faithful  Sub* 

'  ]eiX,  if  I  did  more  refpcdt  to  avoid  my  own  Dan' 

*  ger  than  my  Prince's  Danger.  Here  withal  1 
'  was  made  bold,  and  went  forward  as  your  HtW 
'  nours  heard  ;  yet  when  I  uttered  ihofe  Words  H 
'  the  Houl'e,  That  there  was  none  without  FaulC 
'  no  not  our  noble  Queen  ;  I  pauled  and  t>ehel<liU 

*  your  Countenances,  and  law  plainly  thatthoiSj 
'  Words  did  amaze  you  all  ;  then  I  was  a^id, 
'  with  you  for  Company,  and  Fear  bade  me  to  piM 
'  out  thof'e  Words  that  followed,  for  your  Counte- 

*  nances  did  ailure  me,  that  not  one  of  you  wouli 
'  flay  me  o(  my  Journey;  yet  the   Confiderai 

*  of  a  good  Confcience,  and  of  a  faithful  Subj 
'  did  make  mehold  toutter  it  in  fuch  Sort  as  yoi 
'  Honours  heard  ;  withthis  HeartandMind  I  fpafcA 
'  it,  and  I  praife  God  for  it,  and  if  it  were  to  doi 

'  again  \ 

Of    ENGLAND.     107 

igainlwould  with  the  fame  Mind  fpeak  it  again-  QucenEK«beth. 
Cm.  *  Yea,  but  you  might  have  uttered  it  in        1575. 
)etter  Terms  ;  Why  did  you  not  fo  r ' 
Went,  *  Would  you  have  roc  to  have  done  as 
^ou  of  her  Majefty's  Privy- Council  do,  to  utter 
I  weighty  Matter  in  fuch  Terms  as  fhe  fhould 
lot  have  underftood  ?  To  have  made  a  Fault,  then 
t  would  have  done  her  Majefty  no  good,  and 
ny  Intent  was  to  do  her  good/ 
Com.  '  You  have  anfwered  us.* 
Went.  *  Then  I  praife  God  for  it ;  and,  as  I 
nade  a  Courtefie,  MrSeci/ord  fpake  thclc  Words : 
Com,  •  Mr  ^^w/w^/A  will  never  acknowledge 
limfelf  to  make  a  Fault,  nor  fay,  that  he  is  forry 
or  any  Thing  that  he  doth  fpeak  ;    you  (hall 
iear  none  of  thefe  Thing?    come  out  of  his 

ffint.  *  Mr  Seckford^  I  will  never  confefs  that 
ro  be  a  Fault,  to  love  the  Queen's  Majefty,  while 
[live ;  neither  will  I  be  forry  for  giving  her  Ma- 
efty  Warning,  to  avoid  Danger,  while  the 
Breath  is  in  my  Body :  If  you  do  think  it  i  Fault 
lO  love  her  Majefty,  or  to  be  fony  that  her  Ma- 
^fty  (hould  have  Warning  to  avoid  her  Danger, 
ay  fo ;  for  I  cannot.  Speak  for  yourfelf,  Mr  Seek- 

*  The  next  Day  MrTreafurer,  in  the  Name  of 
e  Committee  Yefterday  appointed  for  the  Ex- 
nination  of  Peter  Wentworth^  Burgefs  for  Trego- 
',  declared.  That  the  faid  Committee  did  meet 
cfterday  in  the  Afternoon,  in  the  Star-Chamber, 
cording  to  their  Commiflion ;  and  there  exami- 
ng  the  faid  Peter  IVeniworth^  concerning  the  vio- 
nt  and  wicked  Words,  Yefterday  pronounced  by 
im,  in  this  Houfe,  touching  the  Queen's  Majefty, 
ade  a  Collection  of  the  fame  Words  ;  which 
i^ords  fo  collected,  the  faid  Peter  JVentworth  did 
^knowledge  and  confefs.  And  then  did  the  faid 
It  Treafurer  read  unto  the  Houfe  the  faid  Note  of 
Wledlion }  which  being  read,  he  declared  further, 
"bat  the  &id  Peter  JP'entivorth  being  examined, 



208   T/iti  TaHitifKei/tary  Hin  To v^Y 

QoetDEiiMbcih.  vi'hatiie  could  fay  for  the  Extenuating  of  his  faid 

^S7S-        Fault  and  Offence,  r ould  neither  fay   any  thing  at 

ali  to  that  Purpole,  neither  yet  did  charge  any  otlirr 

Perfon  as  Autliorofhis  fjid  Speech,  but  did  take  all 

the  Burthen  ihereofunlo  himfelf. And  ihefaid 

Mr  Treafurer  thereupon  moved  for  his  Punifh- 
menr,  and  Imprifonment  in  ihe  Tozver,  as  the 
Houfe  fiiould  thmk  good  and  coniiderof :  Where- 
upon, after  fund ry  Difpuiations  and  Speeches,  it 
was  ordered,  upon  the  i^eftion,  that  thefaidA- 
ter  l^tntwsrth  (hould  be  committed  Clole  Prifoner 
to  [he  ToiL'er,  for  his  Offence,  there  to  remain  uaiil 
fuch  Time  as  this  Houfe  ftould  have  further  Con- 
fideration  of  him.  And  thereupon  immediate!;^ 
the  faid  Peter  Wenlworth,  being  brought  to  iheBar 
by  the  Serjeant,  received  his  faid  Judgment  accor- 
dingly, by  the  Mouth  of  Mr  Speaker,  in  Forma- 
Mt.  Wfnt^urth  hove  recited.  And  fo  Mr  Lieutenant  of  the  Imir 
^mitiedioihe  ^^.33  prefently  charged  wiih  the  Cuftody  of  the  faid 
PtUr  Wenlvjorth.' 

The  Affair  of  his  Enlargement  from  the  Tewtr, 
will  appear  in  the  Sequel. 

The  fame  Day,  Feb.  gih,  the  Houfe  came  to 
ihi?  Refolution,  '  'I'hat  if  any  Perfon,  being  a 
'  Member  of  the  fame,  w.ns  employed  in  the 
*  Service  of  Emhailage,  or  in  Execution,  orvifiied 
'  with  Sicknefs,  he  (hall  not  lofe  his  Seat  in  ilie 
'  Houfe,  nor  any  other  be  elefted  for  it,  during 
'  fuch  Time  of  Service,  Execution,  or  Sicknefs,' 
AlfOjthe  Lord  J2a/?^/,  Son  and  Heir  lo  the  Ear!  of 
Bedford,  Burgefs  for  Bridport,  in  the  County  of 
iJiJ'j/^/,  was  ordered  to  continue  a  Member  of  that 
Houfe  s  not  with  ilanding  the  new-acquired  Earl- 
dom of  his  Father. 
S\{  If^alter  Mildmay,  Chancellor  oftheExche' 
r  quer,  on  ihe  Motion  for  a  Grant  of  a  SubCdy  lo 

her  Majefty,  fpoke  as  follows : 
Mr.  Speaker., 
ffirWalterMild-'  TT^HAT  in  the  Beginning  of  this  our  Meeting 
may'!  Speech  for '     J|_     fuch  Matters  Hs  be  of  Importance  may  be 
>  st^dj.         .  thought  on  in  Time,  I  am  bold  with  your  Favouri 
to  piove  you  of  one  that,  in  my  Opinion,  is  both 
"  of 

/Moment  and  of  Neceffity.     To  the  End,  if  QacenERitbedi. 
OQ  likewifc  find  the  fame  to  be  fo,  you  may       '57s- 
imunit  it  further  to  the  Confideration  of  fuch 
jfou  (ball  think  convenient. 
And  that  you  may  the  better  judge  of  that 
hich  1  fliall  propound,  it  is  requifite  that  I  put 
»  in  Remembrance,   Firft,  how  the  Qjieed 
and  the  Realm  ^  next,  how  (he  hath  reftored 
td  conferved  it ;  and.  Thirdly,  bow  we  (Und 
nr.    Touching  the  firft,  no  Man  can  be  igno^ 
Qt  how  that  our  moil  gracious  Queen,  at  her 
itcnng,  found  this  noble  Realm,  by  reafonttf 
e  trUi  Government  preceding,  miferably  orer- 
hdmed  with  Popery,  dangerouily  afflidledwith 
^ar,  and  grievouily  loaded  with  Debts  3   the 
artben  of  which  Three^caniK>t  be  remembered 
id^t  Gfief,  efpecially'if  we  call  to  Mind  boW 
m  KLingdoiti,  being  utterly  delivered  from  the 
tirped  Tyranny  of  Rorm^  and  that  many  Yeartf 
getber;  was»  never theleis,  by  the  Iniquity  of 
ter  Time^  brought  back  again  ifito  the  formed 
aptivity,  to  the  great  Thraldom  both  of  Bod^ 
td  Soul  of  all  the  People  of  this  Land.    A 
retched  Time,  and  wietched  Miniftets,  to  bring 
)  pals  fo  wretched  and   wicked  an  AGt  tO 
iCDgthen  this  Bondage  of  Rome.    We  few  bow 
leie  was  brought  hither  a  ftrong  Nation  to  prefi 
V  Necks  again  into  the  Yoke ;  tefrible  tbisf 
as  to  all  the  Inhabitants  of  this  Land,  and  (b 
oold  have  proved.   If  their  Abode  h^d  btea 
3e  fo  long  as  was  to  be  feared  from  them  ; 
«r  by  their  Occafion  came  the  War  that  wc 
X&xifi  into  with  Ftanci  and  Scotland^  and  not 
pop  any  Quarrel  of  our  own ;  but  to  help  tbemi 
vward  to  their  great  Advantage,  and  our  great 
ols  and^  Shame ;  by  Means  whereof,  and  of 
tber  Diforders,  the  Realm  grew  into  great  Debt 
oth  at  Home  aifd  Abroad,  and  fo  was  left j  to' 
)c  intolerabfe  Lofs  and  Charge  of  her  Majefty 
Bd  the  State.    The  Re^lm  being  thus  mifera* 
It  oppreffed  with  Popery,  with  War,  and  with 
)cbts,  the  Quieen^  our  moft  gracious  Sovereign,* 
Vol.  IV,  O  hatH 

210     The  TarfiamcntJry  History 

QoeeBEiiuheth. '  h.iih  ihus  reftoied  and  eonfervcd  U;   {he  halh 
•57S'        t  delivered  us  from  ihe  tyrannous  Yoke  of  Rpme 

*  and  reilored  again  the  molt  Holy  Religion  of  ih. 
'  Golpel,    not  flicking  any  Time  therein  j   bu 

*  even,  at  the  iirlt,  doing  that  which  was  for  th 

*  Ho^our  of  God,  to  the  unfpeakable  Joy  of  s, 
'  good  Siibje<5ts. 

'  But  adventuring  thereby  the  Malice  of  the 
'  mighty  Princes  of  Ihe  World,  her  Neightoiira 

*  being  Enemies  of  our  Religion  ;   whereby  it  Hi 

*  appear  how  much  fhe  preferred  the  Glory  of 
'  our  God  before  her  own  Quietncfs ;  This  done, 
'  ihe  made  Peace  with  France' znd  Scotland,  the 
'  one  a  mighty  Nation,  the  other,  though  not  fo 
'  potent,  yet  in  regard  of  their  Nearnefs  and  of 
'  their  Habitation  with  us  upon  our  Continent, 

*  more  dangerous:  Which  may  cafily  appear  by 

*  Confideraiion  of  former  Times,  wherein  it  halt 

*  been  feen    how  dangerous  Scottijh  Wars  have 

*  proved  to  ihis  Realm  above  thole  of  any  olhcr 

*  Nation.     Hut  fuch  hath  been  the  Providence  of 

*  our  gracious  Queen,    as  the  Peace  with  Sal- 

I  *  land,    which,    in  Times  pall  was   found  veiy 

'  tickle,  is  now  become  fo  firm  as  in  no  Age  there 
'  hath  been  fo  long  and  fo  good  Peace  between 

*  Ihem  and  us. 

'  And  that  is  brought  to  pafs  the  rather  for  lh)t 

*  her  Majcfty,  by  two  notable  Exploits  with  hrt 
'  Forces,  the  one  to  Leiih,  and  another  to  Edw 

*  burgb-ili^le,  hath  both  quieted  that  Realm,  and 

*  taken  away  all  Occafions  of  Hoftility  that  mighl 
'  arifc  againft  this  Country  ;  alfo  by  the  firft  deli- 
'  vermg  Scuiland  from  the  French  which  had  ft 

*  great  a  Footing  there,  as,  without  Aid  from 
'  Jience  they  mult  needs  in  (hort  Time  have  tyran- 
'  nized  over  thai  Country  to  their  perpetual  Savi- 
'  rude,  and  to  the  Peiil  alfo  of  this  Country,  Iw- 

*  ing  lb  near  them,  and  they  (6  ill  Ni^ighbours  to 

*  dwell  by.  And  by  the  lecond,  ending  and  put- 
'  tingout  theFireof  theCivilWarsamongftihcra, 
'  to  the  Prelervation  of  their  young  King,  and  [lit 
'  perpetual  Quietnels  of  that  Realm, 

n,  both  wbu 


0/^£  K  G  L  A  N  D.      an 

13  they  have  brought  unto  her  Majelly  great  and  Queen  Eiiabcil« 
mmortal  Honour   and  Renown,    and   to  this       ii75* 
Country  and  that.  Peace  and  Surety ;  So  you 
rannot  but  think  therewith  upon  the  Charges 
vbich  ncceflarily  follow  two  fuch  Journeys  fur- 
liflied  by  Land  and  Sea,  as  for  the  atchieving  of 
b  great  Enterprizes  was  requifite.    What  her 
iJqcfty  hath  done  befides,  for  the  Suppreffing  of 
dangp-ous  and  unnatural  Rebellion  pradtifed  by 
he  Pope,  the  mod  principal  and  malicious  Ene- 
iy  of  this  State,  and  put  in  Ure  by  certain  un- 
Qtiful  Subjects  in  the  North  Parts  of  this  Realm^ 
ws  feen  fo  late,  even  in  your  View,  as  it  need- 
di  not  to  be  remembred  5  neither  the  Charge 
lot  belongeth  to  a  Matter  of  fuch  Importance,  as 
id  threaten  the  utter  Ruin  to  our  moft  gracious 
overeign,  and  Jto  all  the  People  of  this  Land,  if 
rod,  of  his  Mercy,  had  not  prevented  it. 
Notwithftanding  all  which  coftly  Journeys^ 
Xh  into  Scotland  and  within  the  Realm,  het 
lajefty  hath  moft  carefully  and  providently  de- 
^cred  this  Kingdom  from  a  great  and  weighty 
>ebt,  wherewith  it  hath  been  long  burthened* 
Debt  begun  four  Years,   at  leaft,  before  the 
•eath  of  King  lienry  VIII,   and  not  cleated 
ilil  within  thefe  two  Years ;  and  all  that  whil^ 
Aning  upon  Intereft ;  a  Courle  able  to  eat  up 
tonly  private  Men  and  their  Patrimonies,  but 
lb  Princes  and  their  Eftates ;  but  fuch  hath 
tn  the  Care  of  this  Time,  as  Her  Majefty  and 
e  State  is  clearly  freed  from  that  eating  Corro- 
t;  the  Truth  whereof  may  be  teftified  by  the 
i(i£ens  of  London^  whofe  Bonds,  under  thd 
ornmon  Seal  of  the  City,  of  Afl'urance  of  Pay- 
«nt  being  ufually  given  and  renewed,  and  which 
tve  hanged  fo  many  Years  to  their  great  Dan- 
t^  and  to  the  Petil  of  the  whole  Traffick,  are 
>w  all  difcharged,  cancelled,  and  delivered  into' 
6  Chamber  of  London^  to  their  own  Hands. 
''Means  whereof  the  Realm  is  not  only  acquit- 
\  of  this  great  Burthen,  and  the  Merchantsi 
6)  but  alio  her  Majeftv's  Credit  thereby  both 

O'  a  •  at 


ail     The  Tarliamentary  Histori 

Q«M  Eiinbtih. '  Home  and  Abroad  greater  than  any  other  Prim 

IS7J.        '  for  Money,  if  flic  have  Need ;  and  fo  in  Reaia 

'  it  ought  to  be,  for  that  fhe  haih  kept  Promife  K 

'  all  Men,  wherein  oiher  Princes  have  often  hieo 

*  to  the  Hindrance  of  many.  Laftly,  for  ihja 
'  Point  how  the  Juftice  of  this  Realm  is  prelervcd 
'  and  miniftred  to  her  People,  by  her  Majefty's 
'  Political  and  jiift  Governmenc,  is  fo  vvelltnowo 
*■  to  all  Men,  as  our  Enemies  are  driven  to  confeis 

*  that  Juftice,  which  is  the  Band  of  all  Common- 

*  Wealths,  doth  fo  tie  and  Imlf  together  all  De 
'  grees  of  Perfons  within  this  Land,  as  there  is 
'  AifTered  here  no  Violence,  no  Oppteflion,  no 

*  Rcfpedl  of  Perfons  in  Judgment  i   bui 'J us  i^na- 

*  bile  ufed  to  all  indifferenily.  All  which  godl^* 
'  provident  and  wife  Afts  in  Government,  have 

*  brought  forth  thefe  Eftedts  that  we  be  in  PeacWi 

*  and  al!  our  Neighbours  in  War ;   that  we  be  iC 

*  Qiiietnefs  at  Home,  and  fafe  enough  from  Trou- 

*  bles  Abroad  ;  ihat  we  live  in  VVealih  and  il" 
'  Profperily.  and  ihat  which  is  the  greateft,  v* 
'  enjoy  the  Freedom  of  our  Confcientes  delivered 
'  from  the  Bondage  o(  Rome,  wherewith  we  wer« 

*  fo  lately  opprefled.     And  thus  we  fland, 

'  But,  for  al!  this,  as  wife  Mariners  in  calm  W»- 
■  ther  do  moft  dilioenily  prepare  their  Tackles 
'  and  provide  to  wiihftand  Attempts  that  may  hap* 

*  pen  :  Even  fo  in  this  our  biefll-d  Time  of  Peac* 

*  that  we  enjoy,  by  the  Blefling  of  God,  throuit 

*  the  Miniftry  of  her  Majefty,  we  ought  in  Tim* 

*  to  make  Provifion  to  prevent  any  Storm  th»' 

*  may  arife  either  here  or  Abroad  j  and  neither  t<: 
'  be  too  carelcfs  or  ncgligtni,  but  think  thacilx 

*  Tail  of  ihele  Siorms,  which  are  fo  bitter  andfc 
'  boifterous  in  other  Countries,  may  reach  us  alffc 

*  before  they  be  ended;  efpecrally  if  we  do  not  for' 
'  get  the  Hatred  that  is  born  us  by  ihc  Adverfary 

*  of  our  Religion  boih  for  our  Profefiion,  and  fo' 

*  that  this  Realm  is  alfo  a  merciful  Sandtuary  fof 

*  fuch  poor  Chriftians  as  fly  hilher  for  Succour; 
•                    •  fo  as  now  one  of  the  moft  principal  Cares  that 

S  we  ought  10  Cake  in  this  great  Council  of  ihcl 
'  Rcflln 

0/  E  N  G  I.  A  N  D.      213 

'  Realm  is  both  to  confider  aforehand  tlie  Dangers  Qu«n^li«b»th. 
'  ihatmay  come  by  the  Malice  of  Enemies,  and  'S^^' 
'to  provide  in  Time  how  to  reiilt  thcmj  and 
'  f«ing  that  by  [hofe  great  OcCdilons  which  I  have 
'  ranembred,  you  can  eafily  undcrftand  how  low 
IwMajelly's  Coffers  are  brought,  it  is  our  Paris 
frankly  and  willingly  to  offer  unto  her  M^jeity 
fucb  a  Contribution  as  flial!  be  able  to  reftorcthe 
fazncagain,  in  Tuch  Son  as  fbe  may  be  fulficienily  ^ 
fbtnidied  of  Treafure  to  put  in  Order,  and  inain- 
Ma  her  Forces  by  Land  and  Sea,  to  anfwer  any 
Thing  that  flial!  be  attempted  againft  her  and 
And  left  it  might  feem  ftrange  to  fome 
her  Majeily  fliould  want  this,  fome  conli- 
ifcring  that  not  long  (jihence  Aid  was  granted  by 
the  Realm:  To  ihat  I  anfwer.  That  albeit  her 
lajefty  is  not  to  yield  an  Account  how  fhe 
IpcEuielh  her  Treafure  ;  yet,  for  your  Satisfac- 
tioni,  I  will  let  yoii  undurftand  Juch  Thirgs  as 
We  very  true,  and  which  I  dare  affirm,  having 
Biote  Knowledge  thereof  than  fome  other,  in 
"  '   ~   of    the  Place  I  hold  in  her  Majelly's 

Firft,  hov/  favourable  the  Taxations  of  Subli- 
mit! be  through  the  whole  Realm  cannot  be  un- 
nwn  to  any ;  whereby  far  lefs  cometh  to  her 
ijefty's  Coffers  than  by  the  Law  is  granted,  a 
liter  now  drawn  to  be  fo  ufiial  as  it  is  hard  to 
reformed.     Next,   the  Clearing  of^all  Debts 
that  run   upon  Intereft,    to   the   infupportable 
Charge  of  the  Realm.     Thirdly,  the  Charge  in 
Buppteflingthe  Rebellion  in  the  North.    Fourth- 
f,  the  free  and  honourable  Repayment  of  the 
Ift  Loans,  the  like  whereof  was  not  feen  before, 
fifthly,  the  Journey  10  EdiiiiiR-gh'Ca&le  for  the 
juieting  of  that  Country  and  this.     And,  Laftly, 
he  great  and  continual  Charges  in  Ireland,  by  the 
vil  Difpolition  of  the  People  there  j  all  which 
ould  not  have  been  performed  by  the  laft  Aid, 
iccpt  it  had  pleaied  her  Majeily  to  fpare,  out  ot 
Ef  oun  Revenues,  gicatSums  of  Money  for  the 
tpplying  of  that  which  lacked,  wherein  fhe 
O  %  more 



214    "^^^^  Tarliamentary  History 

Cl.MnEliiabeth,  t  j^oK  rcTpefled  the  Realm  than  her  own  particu 
'^^^'         *  lar  Eftatc;  living,  as  you  lee,  in  molt  lempetal 

*  Manner,  without  ciiherBuildioa;  or  other  I'upei 
'  fluous  Things  of  Plealure  ;  and  like  as  thefe  fc 
'  Caufes  Tuffident  to  mov;  you  to  devife  how  ihe 
'  Wants  may  be  repaired,  lb  you  ought  the  rath- 

*  to  do  it,  for  that  her  Majefty  lackcth  and  canm 
'  have,  without  great  Inconvenience,  thofe  Htlp! 

*  which,  in  the  Times  of  her  Father,  her  Broihe 

*  and  Sifter,  were  ufed  i  as  the  Abaling  of  Coin. 

*  which  brought  infiniieSunis  lo  them,  but  wroughi 
'  great  Damage  to  the  Realm,  which  we  yel  feels 

*  and  iliould  do  morf,  had  not  berMiijefty,  to  her 

*  perpetual  Fame,  reftored  the  fame  again,  )b 
'  much  as  the  Time  coulJ  fuffer.  The  Sale  of 
'  Lands,  whereof  came  alfo  very  great  Sums  of 
'  Money,  but  that  is  not  hereafter  to  be  ufed;  fa- 

*  ving  that  by  the  fame  the  Revenues  of  the  Croivn 
'  aregreatlydiminifhed,  which  it  cannot  more  bey, 
'  the  Borrowing  of  Monev  upon  Inicreft,  the  Bur- 
'  then  whereof  the  Realm  hath  felt  fo  heavy,  asthal 
'  is  never  more  to  be  done,  if,  by  any  Means,  it  pay 
'  be  avoided.     And  yet,  notwithflanding  all  ibofc 

*  Helps,  it  is  apparent  ttiat  Subfidies  were  continually 
'  granted  in  thofe  Times ;  if  fo  then,  much  morefc 
^  now,  BefidesWarandoiherextraordinaryCharge 
'  which  may  happen,  her  Majefty's  very  ordinary 
'  Charges,  which  fhe  cannot  but  fuftain,  are  &' 

*  greacer,  by  Dearth  of  Price?  and  other  Occaiionsi 
^  ihan  in  wny  other  Piince's  Davs ;  as  you  may  fe* 
'  by  the  ordinary  anfl  aniiu  il  Charges  of  the  Hcul' 
^  hold,  the  Na(7,  the  Ordnance,  the  Armory 
'  iheGatrifon  of  Berwick,  the  ftandingGarriliJt 

*  and  Officers  within  the  Realm  of  I'dar.d.  An* 
'  whether  thefe  are  like  to  be  more  coftly  to  be 

*  Majefty  than  in  former  Times,  in  refpedtof  Ih" 

*  Prices  of  all  Things,  let  every  Man  judge  by  ih 
'■  Experience  he  haih  of  his  private  Expcnce^ 

'  And  lo to  draw  to  an  tnd  foravoidingof  yo 
'  Troulile  I  tii.a  ihefe  fov  Tbiniis  may  fuff i-- 
'  to   remember  us  how  her  Majerty   fcund  ili' 

*  Reiilm,  how  fhe  hath  reftored  and  preletved  it 

*  and  ho  VI'  the  prefent  S;aie  is  now ;  and  therewitl 

or    E  ?^  '^  Z.    r.    7"  r        .1-: 

ill  EFT  er»5  ai  Il-k::!::    y^-jizz  :  T    rrr'iiiat  =  i  - 
tods?  it  th£3  Tceci:arr'Luic*    t    l:z    !.. 'Sir 

T>   • 

riyzpodnnm:  cr-v."    -•.    i..  :.-  _   :.«:.:: 

fq;  US'*"  OiirLax  c"  vrt.   ir*'.:  r    T-cz.^riirr-M.   :..* 
fcrwsrs   L'j-L    E^.  -I'nnirtl:,*:     •     i:r; .-..-.. 

as  a  ?.IcnD=r  IT  tr.*!  un>t.  7:  i.^:  zt  1/-  -  .:.. 
Sefio::,  J«.  bTT-.  i:*:.  r  :  ir  z-t?::-  :•-'?. 
cEveiDScTirv*  liitirr;  r^r-f  rir  aM-»i:':'  .  -i:  — 
6)r  tbeikrit,  biii  r»i:rr  ri-rrin::':-:*:  Pr.'-Ti-  l:  rhr 

Difple3.:';7£  fir  irs*  ni.i  1>5n-r:  .   jr;i  ::  :;  cr  :hf  -v.  -  >.r-:.-  ? 
EnlargEser:  j^tie  ^-"  -  '^  H.  «i*  '     ^'^^nur  i>.!c^rfc. 
lellage  wk  mu£   tssiiiirulj  2-j^:e::  c:  rv  :;« 
^fe  Houie. 

Aftcrwsras,  Sir  TTchr   7i^:^7riS\^  Chrir^relij:   o:' 
ie  Excheguc,  ri'Jt  ur  2nc  :p:>iLr  af  icii j\^>  : 

I  Think  tbEt  rv  this  vbolf*  and  pv  hfr  snWairr  MW- 
Majcftv^  Dei'ir^g  :r.  :hii:  CauL,  vre  had  juft  «»»'*   ^p«^» 
OccafiDH  to  cor^  Jr-  ineie  :hree  Thirg?  -  *      **'*^' 

*  I.  HcrMaiefty'tgood  and  clement  Naturc- 

*  n.   Her  ReVpeS  :c  us.     And, 

*  III.  Our  Duty  towards  her. 

*  Touching  ihe  Firft,  Thai  Soverrign  Princcf^* 
placed  by  God,  are  to  be  honoured  \v:rh  all  h^ 

ble  and  dutiful  Reverend',  both    in  Wore? 
Deed,  cfpecially  if  they  be  good  and  virtuou 
as  our  mol  gracious  Soverci;;n  L  •  a  Print 

21 6    The  Parliamentary  History 

ftjjMn  Eliubeth '  hath  governEd  this  Realm  fo  many  Years,  Tq 
quietly,  fo  juftly  and  providentiv  ;  which  being 
true,  as  no  Man  can  deny,  thin  ice  how  great  an 
Offence  this  was,  to  reprove  fo  good  and  gracious 
a  QucEO  fo  unjuftlf,  and  ihat  to  be  done  not  by 
any  common  Peilon  abroad,  but  by  a  Member  of 
ihi3  Houfe  ;  and  not  in  any  privaie  or  fectet 
Place,  but  openly  in  this  moft  honourable  Aflem- 
bly  of  the  Parliahient,  being  the  higheft  Court 
and  Council  of  the  Realm.  Ard  thereby  fee  al- 
fo  her  moft  gracious  and  good  Nature,  that  fo 
mercifully  and  lb  calily  can  remit  fo  great  an  Of- 
fence }  a  Thing  rarely  found  in  Princes  of  lb  great 
Eflate, '.hat  ufe  commonly  to  think  ihemfelves 
touched  in  Honour,  if  they  fliould  pafsover  fmal- 
ler  Injuries  fo  lightly.  The  greater  is  hcrMa- 
jcfty'a  Commendation  ;  and  the  more  arc  we 
bound  to  thank  God  for  her. 
'  Secondly,  We  may  fee  what  gracious  Refped 
her  Majefty  had  to  us,  that  notwithftanding  the 
juft  Caufe  th.1t  was  given  her  to  punifli  ieverely  fo 
great  an  Offence;  yet  the  Favour  that  Qie  had 
conceived  towards  us,  proceeding  from  the  juft 
Trial  of  our  dutiful  Affedions  towards  her,  had  fo 
qualified  her  Difpleafure,  as  flie  was  contented, 
for  our  Sakes,  to  pardon  the  whole;  and  that  fo 
freely,  as  (he  would  not,  at  any  Time,  think  of  it 
again,  for  ihofe  weie  her  Words;  a  marvellous 
Grace  towards  us,  and  never  hereafter,  on  our 
Parts  to  be  forgotten  ;  the  rather  for  that  the  fame 
proceeded  merely  from  herlelf,  thereby  preven- 
ting the  Suit,  which  we,  in  all  Humblenels, 
might  have  made  unto  her. 
'  Thirdly,  That  for  fo  gracious  a  Dealing,  it 
was,  our  bounden  Duties  to  yield  unto  her  Maje- 
fty our  moft  humble  and  hcaT'ty  Thanks,  and  to 
bcfcech  Almighty  God  to  enlarge  her  Days  as 
iheonly  Stay  of  our  felicity  ;  and  not  only  io 
but  to  learn  alio,  by  this  Example,  how  lo  behav? 
purlclves  hereafter;  and  not  under  the  Pretence 
of  Liberty  to  forget  our  bounden  Duty  to  fo  gra- 
cious a  Queen  -  True  it  is,  that  nothing  can  be 
well  Concluded  in  a  Council  where  there  is  not  al- 
'  lowed 




0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

*  lowed,  in  debating  of  Caufes  brought  in,  Delibe-QjiunElU»Uth. 
'  ration,  Liberty,  and  Freedom  of  Speech;  other-         tSTS- 

*  wife,  if  in  Confultation  Men  be  either  interrupted 

*  or  terrified,   fo  as    they  cannot,  nor  dare  not, 

*  fpeal;  their  Opinions  freely,  like  as  that  Council 
'  cannot  but  be  reputed  fora  fcrvile  Council }  even 
'  fo  all  the  Proceedings  therein  fljail  be  rather  to 
'  fatisfie  the  Will-i  of  a  few,  than  todetermine  that 

*  which  (hall  be  juft  and  reafonable.  But  herein 
'  wc  may  not  forget  to  put  a  Difference  between 

*  Liberty  of  Speech,  and  licentious  Speech  ;    for 

*  by  the  one  Men  deliver  their  Opinions  freely,  and 
'  with  this  Caution,  That  all  be  fpoken  pertinently, 

*  modeftly,  reverently,  and  difcreetty;  the  other 
'  contrariwife  uttereth  all  impertinently,    rafhiy,. 

*  arrogantly  and  irreverently,  without  Refpeift  of 

*  Perfon,Ti[ne,  or  Place:  And  the'  Freedom  of 

*  Speech  hath  always  been  ufcd  In  this  Great  Coun- 
'  cil  of  Parliament,  and  is  a  Thing  moft  neceflary 

*  to  be  preferved  amongft  us ;    yet  the  fame  was 

*  never,    nor  ought   to  be,  extended  fo  far,   as 

*  though  a  Man  In  this  Houfe  may  fpeak  what  and 
'  of  whom  he  lift.  The  contrary  whereof,  both 
'  in  our  own  Days  and  in  the  Days  of  our  Prede- 

*  cefibrs,  by  the  Punifhment  of  fuch  inconriderate 

*  and  dilbrderly  Speakers,  hath  appeared.     And  fo 

*  to  return,  let  this  ferve  us  lor  an  Example,  to  be- 
'  ware  th.U  we  offend  not  in  the  like  hereafter,  left 
'  thai  in  forgetting  our  Duties  fo  far,  we  may  give 
^  juft  Caufe  to  our  graciou'i  Sovereign  to  think  that 
'  this  her  Clemency  hath  given  Occafion  of  further 

*  Boidnefs  ;  and  thereby  io  much  grieve  and  pro- 

*  voke  her,  as  contrary  to  her   moft  gracious  and 

*  mildConfideration,  flie  be  conftrained  to  change 
'  her  natural  Clemency  into  neceflary  and  juft 
'  Severity;  a  Thing  that  1  truft  (hall  never 
^  happen  amongft  wife  and  dutiful  Men,  fuch  as 

*  the  Members  of  this  Houie  are  thought  always 

*  to  be.' 

A  Motion  had  been  made  in  the  Houfc  of  Com- 

jnons  this  Seliion,  on  the  old  Topic  of  prefling  the 



The  SpralH 


2i8     The  ^Parliamentary  Histort. 

,,  Queen  to  marry ;  but  the  Houfe  did  not  think  pro- 
per to  venture  another  Petition  on  it,  but  agreed, 
that  at  the  Conclufion  of  the  SefTion,  the  Speaker 
ftioiild  move  her  Majefty  about  iL  Accordingly, 
on  May  14th,  we  are  told,  that  in  the  Afternoon, 
the  Queen  came  to  the  Houfe  of  Lord?,  where 
their  Speaker,  Rsbin  Bel),  Etq;  prefenied  the 
Bill  of  or\z  Subfidy,  nnd  two  Fifteent is  and  tenths. 
The  Particulars  of  which,  being  omitted  by  the 
Clerk,  ate  fupplied  by  Sir  SimaWj  U'fiww  ;  who 
tells  us,  '  That  the  Speaker's  Speech  was  to  the, 
following  Eifefl  : 

Firji,  '  He  ("poke  touching  Tundry  Kinds  of  Go- 
vernment, which  had  been  in  this  Kingdom  ;  and 
Quetn   to  fo  drewhis  Diicourfc  toihe  prefcnt  Time.     Then 
'*"'''  he  made  alarge  Enumeraiioti  of  her  Majefty's  ma- 

ny Virtues,  and  of  the  many  Benefit?  which  ihe 
K-ngdom  received  by  her  gracious  Governraent. 
After  which  he  proceeded  humbly  to  petition  her 
Msjefly,  to  rrialtc  the  Kingdom  further  happy  in 
her  Marriage,  that  fo  they  might  hope  for  aconii- 
nual  Succeflion  of  thofe  Benefits  in  her  Pofterity. 
To  which,  hnving  added  a  compendious  Relation 
oficch  Adhashad  polled  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
he  concluded  with  the  Prefentation  of  the  Bill  of 
Subljdy,  in  their  Names,  unto  her  Majefty.' 

After  which,  the  Lord  Keeper,  by  her  Majefly's 
Commandment,  anfwered  as  foUowcih  : 

Mr,  Spealir^ 
-1.  .    ^^i     *  rr^HE  Queen's  Maieftv,  our  mod  Dread  and 

"ht  Lord  Clrni-  .         I  -^-n  -■'Jji.i.i.         j         . 

rilor'sSpotchat       X.     Ciracious  boveTeign  Lady,  hain  heard  and 

heciofeoi"  ihe '  doth  vetv  Well  underftand  your  Oration,  full  of 

=^^"-  *  Good-Will  and  Matter.     The  Sum  thereof  may 

'  be  reduced  into  five  Parts,  whereof  the  firftcon,- 

'  taineth  a  Difcourfe  of  llindry  Kinds  of  Govern- 

'  raent,  from  the  Beginning  until  thisTime.    The 

'  Second,   the  Commendations  of  her   Majefty's 

'  Virtues,  and  of  her  great  and  gr.icious  Govern- 

•  ment  from  the  Beginning,  with  a  Remembrance 

*■  ofherHighncfs'sbouniiful  Benefi[s.     TheThircf, 

'  con- 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        aiy 

'  concerning  the  humble  and  eaineft  Petition  mov-'^""^^'"'**' 

*  ing  her  Majefty  to  marry.     The  Fourth  is  a  De-        '"^' 

*  claration  of  Lawspaft  in  ilie  Lower-Houfe,  with 
'  an  humble  Suit  for  her  Highnefs's  Royal  Allent  to 

*  be  given  unto   the  fame.     The  Fifth  and  laft, 

*  concerning  a  Pfefeniation  of  the  Subfidy  granted 
'  in  this  SelFion. 

'  As  concerning  the  Firft,  which  containeth  the 

*  Difcourfe  of  fundry  Kinds  of  Government,  I 
'  fee  not  that  this  Time  and  Place  doih  require 
'  any  Anfwer  to  be  given  unto  it  other  than  this; 
'  that  you,  Mr.  Speaker,  are  much  to  be  com- 
'  mended  for  your  diligent  Collecting,  and  alfo  for 
'  the  apt  Comparing  of  the  laft  Part  of  the  fame. 

'  And  as  Eo  the  Second,  which  concerneth  the 

*  Commendations  of   her  Majefty's  great  Vir:ues 

*  and  good  Government,  with  the  Remembrance 

*  of  the  manifold  Benefits  that  you  have  received 
'  at  her  Majefty's  Hand,    her  Highnels  hath  com- 

*  manded  mc  to  fay  unto  you,  that  fhc  wifheth  of 

'  GoJ   with  all  her  Heart,    that  all  thofe  Royal    ■ 

*  Virtues  and  piincipal  Parts,  together  with  the 

*  great  Gifts  of  grncious  Government  that  you 

*  make  -mention  of,  were  fo  perfectly  planted  in 

*  her,  as  beft  might  ferve  to  the  Maintenance  of 
'  God's  Glory,  from  whom  herMajefty  confefleth 
'  all  GooJncfs  to  proceed  ;  and  beft  alfo  might  ferve 

*  for  the  good  Governance  of  you  her  good,  !ov- 

*  ing  and  obe^^ient  Subjefts;    and  withal,  prayeth  ' 
'  vou  with  her,  nnd  for  her,  to  give  God  hearty 

*  Thanks  for  thofe  Virtues  and  Graces  that  it  hath 

*  pleafcd  him  to  blefs  her  withal ;   and  alfo  to  pray 

*  for  the  Continuance  of  them  with  fuch  Increafc, 

*  as  (hall  belt  like  his  Divine  Majefty.     And  be- 

*  fides  this,  I  may,  and  dare  certainly  affirm  unto 

*  you,  by  her  Majefty's  own  Mouth,  that  if  the 
'  Virtues  of  all  the  Princes  in  Europe  were  united 

*  within  her  High;.;fa's  Breall,  Ihe  fliould  gladly 
'  em]iioy  the  fame  to  the  beil  of  her  Power  about 

*  the  good  Gf'vei  .ince  of  y  u,  that  be  fo  good 
'  and  loving  unto  hen    fo  <c:reat  is  her  Highnefs 

*  Good-Will  and  inward  Afleftion  toward  you. 


320    T7}e  Tarliameiitary  Histort 

__ '  Again  true  it  is,  that  there  your  loving  and  reve- 
'  rend  Conceivings  of  the  virtuous  and  gracious 
'  Government  of  your  Sovereign,  is  taken  by  het 
'  Majefty  in  very  thanltful  Part,    as  a  Jpecial  and 

*  peculiar  Property  pertaining  to  faithful  and  lov 

*  ing  Siibjefts;   neither  will  her  Higbnefs  admit  of 

*  any  Occafion  that  may  move  you  to  conceive 

*  otherwife  th^in  you  have:  Neither  do  I  think 
'  ihat  any  Mrsn  can  devife  any  more  ready,  or  any 
'  more  ftrong  Perfualion  to  move  a  Princely  Na- 
'  ture  to  be  fuch  towardi  her  Subjedts  as  they  can 
'  wilh,   than  by  fuch  good,  reverend  and  loving 

*  Conception  and  Conceiving  remerabred  by  you. 

*  To  conclude,  as  touching  this  Point,  I  am  to  af- 

*  firm  unto  you  from  her  Majefty,  that  flie  takeih 

*  your  Proceedings  in  the  Parliament,  both  in  the 

*  Midlf,  and  alfo  in  the  Ending,  fo  gracioujir,  and 

*  in  fo  ihankTul  Pan,  that  if  both  Parts  and  Nature 
'  did  concur  in  me  E.bundiiniiy  to  make  me  elo- 

*  quent  (as  neither  of  them  do)  >et  I  am  fure,  I 

*  were  notable  lo  fet  forih  ihis Point  according  to 

*  her  Highnefs'  Defi.e,  or  to  the  Worthinefs  of  it. 

*  And  for  the  niwrt.-  manifeft  Declaraiion  of  this, 

*  and  of  the  great  Good- Liking  her  Majefty  hath 

*  conceived  of  you  that  be  of  this  Parliament,  her 
^  Highnefs  meaneih  not  to  determine  the  fame,  but 
'  10  prorogue  it  unlil  the  next  Winter.  And  as 
'  to  Cognizance  and  Recognizance  of  Benefits, 

*  her  Majefty's  Pleafure  i::,  that  I  ftiould  declare 

*  unto  you,    that  there  is  none  of  thefe  Benefits 

*  received  by  you,    but  (he  wifheth  them  treble  in 

*  Number,  and  quadruple  in  Greatnefs  and  Good- 
»  nefs.  And  further,  her  Highnefs  thinketh  thai 
'  the  faithful  Recognizing  of  Benefits  received,  is 
'  one  of  the  greateft  Satisfaflions  that  a  Subjefl  can 
'  make  to  his  Sovereign  lor  them.     And  as  to  the 

*  Third,  which  concerneih  your  humble  eatneft 

*  Petition,    il  proceedeth  from  your  inward  AScc- 

*  tions  and  benevolent  Minds,  founded  upcj|  the 

*  great  good  Opinion  that  you  have  conceived  of 
'  her  Majefty's  moft  gracious  Government  over 
^  you,  according  to  the  Declaration  made  br  you, 

'  a  Ma,t- 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        211 

'  a  Matter  greatly  moving  her  Majcfty  [he  rather Q^,^ai„^yj,_ 

'  to  allow  of  your  Petition.  1575. 

'  The   feconJ  Note  importeth  yet  more  than 

'  this ;    for  ihereiii  (he  conceiveth  that  this  great 

'  good  Opinion  of  this  happy  Government  is  not 

*  conceived  by  you,  as  it  appeareth  by  your  own 
'  Declarations,  upon  any  fudden  Ground  or  Caufe, 
'  but  hath  grown  upon  the  Confideration  of  her 
'  Highnefs's  Governance  during  the  Reign  of  (even- 
'  teen  Years  now  paft :  Whereby  it  is  evident, 
'  that  this  is  a  fe[tled  and  conllant  Opinion  of 
'  yours,  and  therefore  much  the  more  moving  her 
'  Majefty  to  give  a  gracious  Ear  unto  this  your 
'  Petition. 

'  And  yet  the  third  Note  exccedeih  the  other 
'  two  former;  for  m  this  Note  (he  conceiveth  the 
'  Abundance  of  your  inward  Affection  grounded 
'  upon  her  good  Governance  of  you  to  be  lb  great, 
'  that  it  doth  not  only  content  you  to  have  her 
'  Majcfty  reign  and  govern  over  you,  but  alfo  you 
'  do  defire,  that  Some  proceeding  from  her  Majef- 
'  ty's  Body  might  by  a  perpetual  Succellion  reigti 
'  over  your  Pofterity  alio  :  A  Matter  greatly  to 
'  move  her  Majcfty  (fhc  faith)  to  incline  to  this 
'  your  Suit.  Befides  her  Highnefs  is  not  unmind- 
'  ful  of  all  the  Benefits  that  will  grow  10  the  Realm 
'  by  fuch  Marriage ;  neither  doth  (he  forget  any 
'  Perils  that  are  like  to  g:row  for  Want  thereof. 
'  All  which  Matters  conlidcred,  her  Majefty  wil- 
'  led  me  to  fay,  that  albeit  of  her  own  natural 
'  Difpolition  (he  is  not  difpofed  or  inclined  to  Mar- 
'  riage,  neither  could  fhe  ever  marry  were  flie  a 

*  private  Perlon  ;  yet  for  your  Sakes  and  the  Bens- 

*  fit  of  the  Realm,  Ihe  is  contented  Co  difpoll-  and 
'  incline  herfeif  to  the  Satisfaftion  of  your  humbl: 
'  Peiition,  fo  that  all  Things  convenient  may  con- 
'  cur  that  be  meet  for  fuch  a  Mjtriage  ;  whereof 
'  there  be  very  many,    fome  touching  the  State  ot 

*  her  moft  Royal  Perfon,  fome  touching  the  Per- 
'  fon  of  him  whom  God  fhall  join,   fome  touch- 

*  ing  the   State   of    the  whole  Realm:     Thefe 

*  Things  concurring  and  confidcred,    her  Majefty. 

'  hath 


22  2    'The  'Parii  wientjty  H  i  sT  o  fi  t 

<fe«»  Eliiibeih. '  hath  afleoteJ  (as  is  before  remembred.)     And  thus 
•S7S-         '  much  toocliing  ihis  M.uter. 

'  As  to  the  fourth  Part,  which  concerneth  aDe- 

*  claraiion  of  the  Laws  palled  in  the  Selfion,  where- 
'  unio  you  do  pray  that  her  M^jefty  would  give 
'  her  Aflent,  her  Majefty  hath  commended 
'  your  Travel  and  Pains  taken  in  deviiiog  of  rhefe 

*  Laws,  your  Confiderations  and  Carefulnels  ia 
'  debating  and  confulting,  and  your  Judftments  and 
'  Determinations  in  concluding  and  palling  of  the 

*  fame;  and  meaneth  to  give  her  Royal  Aflent  to 

*  fo  many  of  iheni  as  her  M.ijelly  fhall  think  meet 
'  and  convenient  to  pafs  at  this  Time.  But  here  I 
'  am  to  remember  you,  chat  this  is  not  all  that  her 
'  Highnefe  req  dreth  in  this  Point ;  for  ihe  is  defi- 
'  rous  that  the  great  Travels,  Pains,  and  great 
'  Charges  employed  about   the   making  of  ihcfc 

*  Laws  (hould  not  be  loft,  neither  her  Majefty's 
'  Royal  Aflent  granied  in  vain  ;  which  muft  needs 
'  come  to  pafs,  except  yoii  look  better  to  the  Exe- 

*  culion  of  LawK  than  herifrcfure  vdu  K  j  done ; 
'  for  as  I  have  before  this  Time  laid,  Laws  wiih- 
'  out  Execution,  be  nothing  elfe  but  Pen,  Ink  and 

*  Parchment ;  a  Countenance  of  Things,  and  no- 
'  thing  in  Deed;  a  Caule  without  an  Effedt;  and 
'  feri'c  as  much  to  the  good  Governance  of  the 
'  Common- Wtal,  as  ihe  Rudder  of  a  Ship  doth 
'  feive  to  the  g'lod  Governance  of  it  without  a 
'  Governor;  and  fo  fei ve  to  as  good  Purixjfe  to 
'  diiett  Men's  Aftions.  as  Toiches  do  to  diredl 
'  Men's  Goings  in  the  Daik,  wlien  tlieir  Lights  be, 
'  put  out.     Were  it  not  great  Folly,  trow  ye,  yea, 

*  and  mere  Madnels  for  a  Man  to  provide  apt  and, 
'  handfome  Tools  and  Inflrumcnts  to  reform  and 
'  prune  his  Trees  withal,  and  then  to  lay  ihem  Up 
'  in  fair  Boxes  and  Bags  without  Ufe  of  them  ? 

*  And  is  it  not  as  Itrange,  trow  ye,  lo  make  Laws 
'  to  reform  Men's  Manners,  and   to   prune   away 

*  the  ili  Branches  and  Members  of  the  Common- 

*  Weal,  and   then  lo  lay  up  thofe  Laws  in  fair 

*  Books  and  Boxes  without  Execution  of  them? 

*  Surely  there  is  a  fmall  Difference  betwixt  thefe 

'  Cafe?; 


■  Cafes  i  nay,  i:  were  much  better  to  have  no  new  q 
'  Laws  made  at  all,  ihjn  to  have  Laws  not  execii- 
'  led:  For  the  Former  doih  but  leave  us  in  the 
'  Stats  we  were  in  hdfote  the  making  of  the  new 
'  Laws;  but  noL  to  execute  them,  is  to  breed  a 
'  Contempt  of  Laws  and  Law-makers,    and  of 

*  all  Magiftrates,    which  is  the  Mother  and  Nurfe 

*  of  Difobedience;  and  what  {he  breedeth  and 
'  bringeth  forth,  I  leave  to  you  to  judge. 

'  Now  this  Offence  of  not  executing  of  Laws 
'  growing  fo  greii,  it  refteth  lo  fee  In  whofe  De- 
'  fault  this  is,  and  who  ought  to  have  the  BLirihen 

*  of  it.  Firft,  Ceitain  it  is,  that  her  Ma  jelly  leav- 
'  eth  nothing  undone  meet  for  her  to  do  for  the 

*  Execution  of  Law ;  for  firft,  ftie  maketh  choice 
'  of  Perfons  of  niofl  Credit  and  belt  Underftanding 
'  throughout  the  whole  Realm,  to  whom  for  the 
'  great  Truft  and  Fidelity  that  Ihe  repoleth  in  them, 

*  Sie  giveth  Authority  by  CommHIion,  to  execute 
'  a  great  Part  of  thoi'e  Laws,  who  alfo  by  Oath  be 
'  bound  '':  perform  the  fame.     Belides,  the  moft 

*  fpecial  ailU  needful  Laws  her  Highncfs  caufeth  to 
'  be  proclaimed  and  publifhed  unto  her  People;  as 
'  over  this  alfo  (left  Men  ftioutd  be  forgetful  of 
'  their  Duties)  ihe  caufcth  aNumber  of  her  Jufti- 

*  ces  to  be  called  into  publick  Place,    and  there  to 

*  be  exhorted  and  admoniflied  in  her  Majefty's 
'  Name  lo  fee  the  Execution  of  her  Laws;  and 
'  what  here  can  be  more  devifed  for  her  Majefty  to 

*  do?     Surely,  in  my  Opinion,  nothing. 

'  Thenfalleth  it  out  neceffarily  andconfequent- 
'  ly,  that  the  Burthen  of  all  thefe  Enormities, 

*  Abfurdities  and  Mifchicfs  that  do  grow  in  ihe 
'  Common-Wealth  ior  not  executing  of  Laws, 

*  muft  light  upon  thole  Perfons  that  have  Autho- 

*  rity  from  her  Majefty  to  execute  them  and  do  it 

*  not:     Which  is  a  Burthen  over-heavy  for  any  to 

*  bear,  being  juftly  charged.  For  the  Avoiding  of 
'  this  therefore,  meihinks.  Men  being  thus  remem- 

*  bred,   ought  to  feek  with  all  bilij;,ence,  and  en- 

*  deavour  to  fat'isfy  for  their  Neglifieuce,  and  Un- 

*  catefulnefs  paft;  which  Jl  they  (hall  forget  to  do. 

'  hfr 


ai4    T^^^^  'Parliamentary  Histort. 

[h,'  her  Majefty  fliall  be  then  driven,   clean  contrary 

'  to  her  nioft  Gracious  Nature  and  Inclination,  to 

'  appoint  and  aflign  private  Men,  for  Profit  and 

*  Gain  Sake,  to  fee  her  penal  Lsa'S  to  be  executed. 
'  The  Courfe  which  hitherto  hei"  Majefty  hath  ta- 

*  ken,  hath  been,   to  have  her  Laws  executed  by 

*  Men  of  Credit  and  Eftiraation  for  the  Love  of 

*  Jufticc,  uprightly  and  indiftt'rently  j  but  if  they 
'  fhall  refufc  ib  to  do,  forgetting  their  Duty  to 

*  God,  Sovweign  and  Country,  then  of  Necefli- 

*  ty,  rather  than  the  Laws  flwuld  be  unexecuted, 
'  her  Majefty  ihall  be  driven,  I  fay,  to  commit  the 
'  Execution- of  them  to  thofe,  who  in  refpeft  of 

*  Profit  and  Gain,  will  fee  them  executed  with  all 

*  Extremity.  And  what  a  Burthen  that  will  bring 
'  to  the  Common- Weal,  I  leave  it  ro  your  Con- 
'  fideration.     But  it  is  to  be  hoped,  that  if  the 

*  Refpefts  before  remembred,  will  not  move  you 
'  to  fee  better  to  your  Charge ;  yet  the  Fear  of  this 
'  great  Inconveniency  flioutd  conftrain  Men  that 

*  be  in  CommiiTion  lo  look  to  the  better  Execution 
'  of  Laws.     And  thus  much  touching  the  fourth 

*  Part. 

'  Now  as  to  the  fifth  and  laft,  which  roncern- 

*  eth   the  Grant  of  a  Subfidy,  her  Majefty  hath 

*  commanded  me  to  fay  unto  you,  that  that  Grant 
'  is  a  manifeft  Declaration  by  Deeds  of  that  which 
'  before  was  declared  by  Words:     For  haw  could 

*  fuch  a  Grant   be  made,  and  in  fuch  Mannef 

*  granted,   and  by  fuch  Perfons,    but  that  of  Ne- 

*  ceilicy  it  muft  proceed  from  the  benevolent  Minds 

*  and   hearty  Affcilions  of  fuch  loving  Subjefls  as 

*  are  before  remembred  ?     True  it  is,  that  her  Ma- 

*  jelly  in  thefe  your  Doings  hath  noted  three 
'  Things  efpecially  and  principally,  every  of  them 
'  ttnding  much  to  the  fetting  forili  of  your  Bene- 
'  voience.     The  firft.  Who  it  is  that  granted  ;■ 

*  the   fccond,    The   Manner   of   granting;     the 

*  third,    Whdt  it  was  that  is  granted.     As  to  the 

*  firft,  Her  Majefty  cannot  forget,  how  this  Grant 
'  proceeded  from  the  earneft  Affedtions  and  hearty 

*  Good-Wills  of  her  loving  and  obedient  Subjects. 

!  Where- 

Of   ENGLAND.       215 

Wherefore  her  Majefty  maketh  greater  Account  Queen Eli«ibeili. 
thereof  than  Ten  Subfidies,  and  fo  (he  command-  '57S» 
ed  me  to  fay  unto  you.  Again,  her  Majefty  re- 
membreth  very  well,  that  this  Grant  was  made 
not  by  Subje<3s  that  never  did  the  like  before,  but 
by  Subjedls  that  have  been,  and  continued  to  be 
ready  from  Time  to  Time,  to  contribute  towards 
the  neceilary  Charges  and  Defence  of  the  Realm ; 
which  doth  greatly  commend  and  fet  forth,  fhe 
faith,  this  great  Benevolence  of  yours.  And  as 
to  the  fecond,  which  is,  The  Manner  of  grant* 
ing,  her  Highnefs  noteth  two  Things  efpecially ; 
the  one  is  Univerfality  of  Confcnt;  and  can 
there  be  a  more  univerfal  Confent  than  when  all 
agreeing  and  none  denying  as  this  was  ?  Nay, 
her  Highnefs  knoweth  that,  before  herTime,  thefe 
Manner  of  Grants  paiTed  not  but  with  a  great 
Perfuaiion  and  many  Difficulties;'  whereas  this 
was  frankly  offered  without  any  Perfuaiion  or 
Difficulty  at  all.  The  other  is  the  Readinefs  of 
granting. '  It  is  written  of  Benevolence,  Bisdai 
qui  citQ  daty  which  her  Majefty  faith,  may  be  juft* 
ly  applied  to  thefe  your  Proceedings.  And  to 
the  third,  which  is  the  Thing  granted,  {he 
taketh  it  to  be  as  liberal  as  any  lieretofore  hath 
been  granted ;  and  therefore  hath  commanded  me 
to  yield  unto  you  her  moft  hearty  condign 
Thanks,  and  wiihal,  to  let  you  underfland»  that 
her 'Majefty  is  as  willing  and  defirous  to  give  you 
this  whole  Subfidy  again,  as  you  have  been  wil- 
ling to  grant  it,  if  the  Neceffiiy  of  the  Realm 
and  your  Surety  would  fuflfer  it.  And  thus  much 
touching  the  granting  of  the  Subfidy. 
*  Now  as  to  the  due  and  true  Execution  of  the 
fame,  I  am  to  exhort  and  alfo  to  admonifh  you^ 
and  yet  it  may  be  probably  faid,  that  Perfons  that 
have  thus  bountitully  and  readily  made  this  Grant, 
wherein  and  whereby  thieir  benevolent  Minds  and 
hearty  Affisftions  have  been  fo  manifeftly  de- 
clared in  granting,  that  to  thefe  Perfons  neither 
Admc'nifhments  nor  Exhortations  are  due  for  the 
true  Executing  of  that  Grant,  no  more  than  a 
Vol,  IV.  P  '  Spur 

2  26     The  ^Parliamentary  HisTORT 

Qiiecn Elizabeth. '  Spur  is  to  3  Hofib,   that  runDcth  as  fwiftly  as/w 
T575.       '  can.     Albeit  this  Argument  in  Reafon  carriecti 

*  Probability  and  Likelyhood  with  it;    yctfonnei 
'  Experience  hath  taught  that  ihefe  Grants  \BStt 

*  not  been  fo  Huly  and  truly  executed,  as  they  have 

*  been  benevolently  granted.' 

Aftspaflid.  There  are  the  Titlei  of  thirty -fcven  AdbpaJM 

this  ScflSon,  in  the  Lords  Catalogue ;  in  theprinld 
Statutes,  only  twenty-four ;  but  the  Supemumoa- 
ry  Afts  are  only  on  .private  Affair?,  for  which  Rear 
fon  t^ey  are  not  mentioned.  Some  farther  Caff* 
was  taken  to  reform  the  Abufes  of  the  Clcrgyilf , 
an  Ad  made  for  an  Explanation  of  one  paflediBi 
the  laft  Seflion,  on  the  fcore  of  Dilapidations  aod 
granting  Scandalous  Leafes  ot  Spiritual  Benefices. 

The  Queen  having  palled  all  the  Afts,  the  Ptf- 
liament  was  adjourned  to  the  next  Day  ;  when,  io 
the  Afternoon,  her  Majefty  came  again  to  tta 
Houfe,  and  the  Lord  Keeepcr,  by  her  Comtnanl, 

Toro  l^ef  ^''°^P''^^°8"^  ^^^^  Parliament  to  the  slh  Day  of  ift- 
'  ^"^  *         vember  next 

It  is  fomewhat  furprifing,  that  fo  exaft  an  An- 
nalift  of  th^s  Queen's  Reign,  as  Mr  Camtiin 
was,  fhpuld  vi^holly  omit  the  Tranfudlions  ofthi» 
laft  Seffion  of  Parli  sment.  It  is  true,  there  is  litlfc 
Hiftorical  Matter  in  ihem,  except  in  the  Grant 
the  Suhjidy ;  which,  if  it  was  as  lai^e  as  the  prim 
Statutes  make  it,  is  very  remarkable  ;  fince  it  wit 
greater  Supply,  at  one  Time,  than  any  we  have 
with  before  ;  and  what  ihe  State,  by  any  Ex' 
ces  that  Hiftory  takes  Notice  of,  feemed  not 
to  ftand  in  need  of. 

It  was  a  long  Time,  indeed,  before  any  far 
Su!)ndy  was  required,  nr^J^y  l':;rlianient  fat  to  g; 
one ;  for  never  fucha  Cl^ain  of  Prorogations,  df 
P*irliament,  was  feen  in  E ngliJJjHi Aoiyy  asco 
now  to  be  related,  ihe  Journals  of  the  Lords, 
very  many  Pages  together,  being  filled  with  no 
elie,  but  Meetings  and  Prorof^ations,  and  Comi 
ons,  at  latige,  for  Prorogations  s  reciting  all  tbit 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         127  A 

gpne  before  them,    So  that  the  lalt,  to  their  Meeting ^"^Uabtth. 
lo  do  Bufinels,  recapituliiea  the  wholcifrom  which        '^^^' 
we  (hall  extnft  ihem,  in  Die  ad  Diem,  in  Anna  ad 
Annum,   to  avoid  a  PnJixiiy  of    Matter,  fcarce 
worth  recording  at  nil,  by  any,    buE  an  Exprefs 
Writer  a^Parhamintary  Hijlory. 

The  laft  Seflion  of"  Parliament  continued  from 
February  the  8ch  to  March  the  15th  i  from  which 
Time  it  was  prorogued  to  the  5th  of  November 
following,  which  was  ftill  in  the  i8th  Year  of  this 
Reign,  or  /iino  1576 ;  Queen  Elizabeth  beginning 
her  Reign  on  the  lytii  of  tJavember,  1558.  From 
Nevembdr  sth,  the  Parliament  was  again  prorogu- 
ed to 

An.  Reg. 

Jan.  jotb. 
Feb.  2qth. 
April  11th, 
May  2d. 
May  ^Qlh. 
June  yith. 
Aug.  z^th. 
Sept.  zotb. 
Off.  ijtl). 
Nsv.  ^h. 
23,  Nav.i^b. 
Jan.  idth. 

An.  Rtg.  is,Jime  zd. 

Ffonnhente  to 
Nov,    I2tb. 

20,  AlarchiSth, 
April  %th. 
M,7y  ztth. 
Nov   ^tf}. 

21,  Jj't.  2tl. 
April  2-jth. 
May  20th. 
Off.  20th. 

12,  Nev.  2^th. 
Jan.  20th. 

Mr  Caiibden  makes  no  manner  of  Mention  of 
thefe  frequent  Prorogations,  which  ic  is  ftrange  a 
Cotemporary  Hiftorian  fliould  omit.  He  reckons 
alwaysa  Year  wrong,  too,  in  his  Chronology  j  be- 
ginning wi'.h  rhe  Almanacks,  when  it  ought  robe 
from  the  Day  that  the  late  Queen  died  5  for 
which  Renfon.  he  is  ever  a  Year  before  us,  in  his 
Annals.  But  now,  in  bis  ■■ccount  of  the  enfuing 
Seflion,  he  is  worfeout;  lor  he  beginf  it  in  January, 
inihe  J5th  Year  of  this  Reign  j  whereas  both  the 
Lords  JouTnah  and  rhe  Statute-  Biois  make  it  JulUy  ■ 
the  33d. 

We  fhall  pafp  over  all  the  O':  urrences  which 
happened  in  this  long  Interval  of  Time  ;  in  which. 

2  28    IheTarliamentary  History. 

Queen  Elizabeth,  ^'c  may  fuppofe,  the  Government  wanted  noSup- 
1581.       plies,  fince   a   Parliament  was  not  allowed  to  fit 
and  grant  them.     It  may  be  thought,   that  the  fa- 
mous Sailor,  Sir  Francis  Drake^    had  amply  filled 
the  Queen's  Coffers,  as  well  as  his  own,  by  the  vaft 
Treafure  he  had  brought  from  the  Spanijh  Weft -In- 
dhsy  about  this  Time.      For  which  he  had   that 
memorable  Honour  done  him  of  having  his  Name, 
in  a  Rsbus^  (lamped  on  the  Englt/h  Coin  (/). 
The  fame Parlia-     On  the  i6thof  January^  in  the  23d  Year  of  £- 
XTtwcn^^filli  //ztf/'^/*,  the  fame  Parliament  which  was  called  in 
ft-oro^tions*/**'^^^  i+ih,    met  once  more  at  JVeftminJier.    The 
State  of  the  Peerage,  as  it  flood  towards  the  Mid- 
dle of  this  Reign,  may  not  be  improper  to  give  at 
this  Time. 
AnnoR^  23,     ^^)  Tp^e  Qiieen,  to  miliam  Cecil  Lord  Burgh- 

At  WeftmbAer. /^;^>  Lord  High-Treafuref  of  £«^/«»rf,  ^c. 

WilSatn    Marquifs    of     Henry    Earl   of    Souths 
Winchejkr.  ampton . 

Edward  Earl  of  Linccln,  Francis  E.  of  Bedford. 
Lord  High- Admiral  of  Henry  E.  of  Pemroie, 
England.  Edward  E.  of  Hertford. 

Edward  Earl  of  Oxford^  Robert  E.  of  Leicefler. 
LdGreatChamberbin.  Ihomas  Vifcount  'Monta- 

Jhomas  Earl  of  Sufjex^      gue. 

Chamberlain    of    the  Thomas    Vifcount    Ho- 
Houfhold.  ward  o^  Byndon, 

Philips  Earl  of  Jrundeie,  Henry  Nevile^  Lord  Ber- 

Henry  E.  of  Northumber-       gavenny. 

land.  .  George  Tovchet  "L^Audlty, 

George  E.ofShreiusbi/ry.-  Peregritje  Bertie 'LdWil- 

Henry  E.  of  Kent.  loughby  of  Eresby. 

Henry  E.  of  Derby.  Edward  Parker  Ld  Mor- 

mil  am  E.  oiWorceJlcr.        ley, 

Edward  E.  oi  Rutland.      George  Fiennes  Ld  Dacre. 

George  E.  of  Cumberland,  William  Brooke  Ld  Cob- 

Henry  E.  oi Huntingdon.        ham. 

William  E  of  Bath.  Edward  Ld  Stafford. 

Jmbrofe  E.  of  Warwick.     Arthur  Ld  Grey  o{  Wilton. 


(/)  A  ^d^  fuppoied^  by  our  CoonoiiTeurs  in  Coins^  to  reprefeat  ^ 
I  Chrake. 
*  (k)  Dugdale*f  Summons  te  Parliament f  pt  529« 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      129 

Henryl-oxA  Scrspe  oi  Bol-  Henry  Lord   Cromwell.  ^"' 

tm.  Wiliiam  Ld  Evers. 

Edward  Ld    SatUn    of  Philip  Ld  TVharWi. 

Dudley.  Robert  Ld  i;;V*e. 

7ffA»  ^i;j7<f  Ld  Latimer.  Charles  Ld  fVilloughby  of 
7ffA«  Lumley  Ld  Lumky.       Parham. 
yobfi  Ld  Stourton.  Thomas  Ld  Paget. 

Job?!  Ld  Dariie  ofChich. 
Charks  Ld  Haward   6F 

Roger  Ld  M«A. 
G//fi  BrttgesXA  Cbandsis, 
Henry  Carey,   Ld   i&«/^ 

Cutbbert  Ld  0^/f. 
y^wM  S/(ia«(  Ld  Alouttt- 

John  Darde  Ld  Danie. 
JFiUiam      Stanley,     Ld 

William  Ld  Sanc^J. 
WiA"d«    Ld   r<iHr    of 

Frederick  Ld  //^n^Sr. 
Tiemas    Ld    ffenfwortb 

of  Nettle/led. 
Thomas  Ld 

O/iwfr    Ld  Jr    7ii5«  ot 

Thomas  SaekvUeLdBuci- 

William  Well  Ld  -D^  /a 

WiliiaiTi  Paula  Li  Sty ohn  Henry  Ld  Cheney  oiTd- 

of  Bafing.  dingten, 

Lewis  Ld  Mordjiunt.        Henry  Ld  Narrys  a{ Ryeet. 

Whoever  compares  lliis  Lift  of  the  Peerage  with 
that  in  the  Begiiinmgofihis  Reign,  will  find  that 
there  had  been  above  twenty  new  Creations ;  which, 
with  the  twenty-fix  Bifhops,  muft  give  the  Court  a 
very  gi'eat  Power  in  the  Houle  of  Lords  in  thufe 
Days.  Nor  was  ihe  Qi,ieen  lets  pkaled,  we  may 
fuppafe,  with  the  Body  of  Commons,  fince  in  the 
Courfc  of  fo  many  Years  fhe  never  thought  proper 
to  change  them.  However,  at  ihe  Meeting  afore- 
ineniioned,  Deaih  had  made  an  Alteration  in  that 
Houfc,  by  taking  from  them  their  Speaker;  with- 
out which  ihey  could  do  no  Bufinefs,  as  was  the 
Cafe  of  the  !a(t  Purliament.  A  long  Reprelentati- 
on  is  entered  in  the  Lords  j'car^fl/j,  '  concerning  a 
'  great  Defefl  in  the  other  Houfe,   for  Want  of 

*  Sir  Rekrl  Bel!,  Kt.  Lord  Chief  Riron  of  the  Ex- 

*  chequn,  their  Mouih  and  Speaker,  lately  dead. 

*  JLjt  ihat  they  finding  good  Diredlion  what  to  do, 

,^  '  P3  *  fay 

130    The  Parliamentary  History 

•an  EKiibMh*  ^f  ^  fofnec  Precedent,  in  a  Seilion  of  Parliament 
(581.        *  holden,  Sept.  30lh,  in  the  8ih  Year  of  her  Reign, 

*  had  appoinled  Sir  Fruncis  Kmllcs,  Kt.  Trcafu- 

*  rer  of  the  Queen's  Houflidld  ;  Sir  Jsiiui  Crofls, 
'  CoraplroUer  ;    Sir    Francis     Walfinghnm,     and 

*  Doctor  lyilfin,  Secretaiies  of  State  ;  Sir  Walter 

*  Mildmay,  Kt.  Chancellor  of  ihe  Exchequer; 
'  with  feveral  other  McmbefS  of  the  faid  Houfe,  in 
'  theName  of  the  whole,  to  go  and  wait  upon  the 

*  Lord  Chancellor  and  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and 
'  requcft  their   Aidan>t  Afliftance  for  Intiraaiionof 

*  the  Matter  to  her  Majefty. 

'  Then  the  Lord  Chancellor,  firft  defiring  this   ' 

*  Committee  to  withdrawn  while,  acquainted  that 
'  Houfe  with  the  Petition  of  the  Commons;  who, 

*  after  due  Confideration  of  the  Piemifles,  liioughl 
'  proper  to  appoint  fuch   of  the  I-ords  as  were  of 

*  the  Privy- Council,  with  the  Marquis  QiWmthcf' 
'  ler  and  the  Eail  of  AritnAeh,  to  go  along  with  a 

*  feled'l  Number  of  the  Commons,  to   reprefent 

*  this  Cafe  to  the  Queen.' 

The  firft  Day,  tlie  Receivers  and  Tryers  of  Peti- 
tions being  appointed,  as  aniiently,  a  Bill  was  read 
for  the  Reformation  of  Abufes  in  Sheriffs  and  Un- 
der-Sheriffs,  and  their  Officers ;  which  we  do  not 
find  pa0fed  intoa  Law.  The  Houfe  was  adjourned 
to  the  18th  :  On  which  Day  it  is  entered,  that  Ihe 
Lord  Chancellor  produced  a  CommiHion  from  the 
Queen  under  the  Broad  Seal,  whereby  he  was  au-" 
thorifed  to  call  the  Commons  before  him,  and  to  , 
will  and  command  them  to  repair  to  their  accuftom- 
ed  Place,  and  choofc  another  Speaker,  in  the  Room 
of&ir  Unitri  Bell,  Kt-iaforefaid.  But  nothing  more 
is  entered  in  Ihe  Lords  Journals  about  this  Matter. 

Two  Bills  were  brought  into  the  Houfe  of  Lords 
this  Selli'jn.  the  firft  was  againft  Scandalous  Words 
and  Rumours,  and  other  Seditious  Praijtices,  The 
other  againft  Scandalous  Lihels  made  on  the  Queen. 
The  firft  palled  into  a  Luw,  but  we  hear  no  more 
of  the  latter ,  bur  it  i?  pi'ohable  they  were  both 
joined  into  one,  whith,  together,  formed  a  Law  to 
■     this  Purpofe ; 

•  That 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     231 

'  That  if  any  Pcrfon'ftal!  atfvifedly  antf  with  aq 
■  malicious  Intent,  [i>eik  any  Talfe  anil  flanderous 
'  News,  or  Talt?,  agiinft  ihe  Qufcn  thai  now,  is, 
'  he  ftiall  have  both  his  Ears  cut  off,  excenf  he  pay  ja 
"  two  hundred  Pounds  into  the  Exchfquir,  for  the  sc 
•  Queen's  Uie,  within  two  Months  ai'ter  Judg- 
'-mcnt.  And,  if  be  fpeak  fuch  fl.indcro'Js  Talcs 
k^Lon  the' Report  of  any  other,  he  fh.nll  have  one 
cWifhis  Ears  cut  ofF,  except  he  iiay  iw-hunJred 
7  Marks,  i^c.  And,  if  any  Perfon,  once  cnnvidt, 
[hail  offend,  it  fhal)  be  ^idjudfcd  Felony, 
f'^'Likewifc,  if  any  Perlon,  within  ihis  R-^alm  or 
i'lWithour,  fliall' devife,  write, print,  oi  fei  tonh, 
J*  any  Book,  Rhime,  B.illad,  Letter,  or  Wri:ing, 
^'containing  any  f-ilfe,  fediti  ib,  an :  fl  ndcrous 
^  .Matter,  ro  the  Defamatic;!  of  (ln-t^-eer,  or  rhe 

•  Stirring  or  Moving  any  Rebellion  ;  cr  fh^ll  caufe 
'  any  fuch  Boo!\,  Rhime,  Wntinp;,  i^c.  to  be  writ- 
■  ten,  printed  or  publilhed  ;  or  {hall,  by  (ettin^of 

*  any  Figure,  Crtfting  of  Nativity,  or  by  Calcutati- 
"*  on,  Prophefying.  Wiifbcrafi,  Conjuration,  Wf. 
^  feek  to  know,  and  (hall  fet  forth,  by  exnrefs 
'  Wo'ds,  Deeds,  or  Writings,  how  long  the  Qi_ieen 
'  fiiall  live  ;  or  who  {hall  reign,  as  King  or  Queen 
'  after  her  Deceafe  ;  or  fhall  utter  any  Prophecies 
'  to  any  fuch  Intent  -,  or  fhal!  wi{h  or  defire  the 
'  Death  or  Deprivation  of  the  Queen,  or  any  Thing 
'  to  the  fame  Effed  ;  then  every  fuch  Offence 
'  {hall  be  adjudged  Ftkny.' 

U  is  certain  that  the  Government  was  under 
no  fmal!  Uneaiinefj,  at  this  Time,  on  account  of 
the  open  Freedoms  taken  with  the  Queen  and  her 
Adminiftration,and  the  Secret  Defijnsof  the  Papifts, 
who  were  conftantly  plotting  to  overthrow  both. 
This  Jealoufy  produced  a  Bill  ftronger  than  the  for- 
mer, which  was  lirft  read  and  carried  in  the  Houfa 
of  Commons,  and  fent  up  to  the  Lords,  March  the 
7th,  with  this  Title;  A  BUI  for  keeping  the  ^lecn's 
Majefly'i  Suhje{is  in  their  due  Obedience.  The  Bilt 
was  read  a  third  Time,  on  the  loth  of  the  fame 
Miinih,  and  concluded  ;  anl  isihefirft  A£i,  in  our 
f,  St/Uute-Booki,  of  this  Sefliun,  Bv  it  was  declared, 
*  That 

232    ThcTarliament.iry  History 


eucen  EUiibeih.     *  That  whofoever  fhall  dlfluade  the  Subjefls  from 

ijSi.        '  iheir   Obedience  10   ilieir  Prince,  and  from  the 

'  Religion  eftabhfhed  in  Efgland,  or  fliall  reconcile 

'  them  to  the  Church  of  Rome ;  alfo,  thofe  who 

AoDthM.making '  Q^^W  be  fo  difTuaded  and  reconciled,  are  guiliy  of 

M  Turn  plpra.     '  ^'i^  Ireajon.     Thofe,  alib,  who  Ihall  fay  Ma&, 

•  are  fined   in  iwo  hundied    Mjrks.  and  Imprifon- 

*  ment  for  a  Year,  or  longer,  'till  they  have  paid 
'  the  Money,  Thofe  who  fhall  wittingly  and 
'  willingly  be  prefent  ai  Mafs,  are  fined  in  one  hun- 
'  dred  Marks,  and  Imjirifonment  likewife  for  3 
'  Year.     And  they  who  tetufe  10  frequent  Divine 

♦  Service,  in  their  Parifli- Churches,   are  fined  in 

*  twenty  Pounds  a  Month.' 

The  better  to  uncerftand  the  Reafon  why  the 
Government  enafted  fuch  fevere  Laws,  at  prefent, 
it  will  be  neceffary  to  look  a  little  into  the  Hiilory 
of  the  Times.  Amongft  the  many  Matches  that 
had  been  piopofed  to  Queen  Elizaieth,  from  difte- 
reniPrincesoffarup^,  there  wasone,  at  thisTime, 
which  came  nearer  Marriage  than  any  of  the  reft. 
T'  In  the  Yeari572,  the  (^een-Mother  of  France 

had   ptopofed   her  yoimgeu    Son,   Francis   Duke 
D'jfienzot,    as    a   Husband  for  EUzahelh  -,    but 
the  Queen  is  faid  then  to  difapprove  of  it,  becaufe 
of  the  Ii^eqjality  of  their  Ages;    he   being   then 
Jcarce   feventeen  Years  and  ilie  above  eight  and 
thirty  f/J.     However,  the  Queen  promifed  to  con- 
fider  of  it ;  and  a  long  Confideratiou  fhe  took  ;  for 
fhe  led  him  a  Dance  from  Year  to  Year,  till  his 
elder   Brot'  dying,  he  became  Duke  of  /Injou. 
In  the  Year  1581,  this  Duke  was  cholen  Gover- 
nour  of  the  Netherlandi,    by   the   then  revolted 
A  Msmiee  en  Stutti  ;  and  the  fame  Year  came  himlelf  into  Eng- 
t^aa^^l^bc  ''""''  '" °'^'^"  '° prolecuie,  with  more  Vigour,  his 
Duke   of  An-  intended  Match  wiih  the  Queen.     The  Nail   was 
jou.  now  driven  a  great  Length  ;  and  the  brisk  French 

Prince  pjrfued  the  .Amour  foclofcly,  that  fomeAti- 
lhor9,e:pecially  Holmgjhead,  have  left  us  Room  to 
think  that  ^  very  great  Familiarity  was  then  between 
tiiem.     The  grave  Mr  Cumbden  tells  m,  That  on 

(I)  CaabiUn  Ir 


Of    ENGLAND.'     233 

the  17th  oi  Nmembe>\y^ii  Year,  when  the  Qi'een  Qy„„Eijg^ 
had.with  great  Pomfi,  celebraicd  her  Coronation-  ijBi. 
Day,  the  Fera  efmede/i  Live,  in  the  Midfl  afsms' 
reus  DifcBurfe,  carried  her  Jo  far  as  to  draw  off  a  Ring 
ftom  her  mvn  Finger,  and  pat  it  ufion  the  Duie  of 
AnjouV,  upon  certain  ComUtiQnsietwixt  them  two  (m). 
The  Company  took  this  Adion  for  a  public  Con- 
tradl  J  but  ic  did  not  prove  fo  ;  for  the  Duke  having 
fpent  fome  Months  iu  bringing  this  old  Pike  to  his 
Bait,  was  at  laft  forced  to  quit  her  j  not  without 
fome  fmart  Invetlives  againft  the  Lightnefs  ef  Wo- 
men,ivj&Cam}ideti,zxt^  the  hmnjiancysf  IJlanders. 
This  Amour  occafioned  great  Noife  all  over 
Europe  \  but,  at  Home,  People  were  varioufly  af- 
fe£ted,  as  their  own  Inierefts  led  tliein  to  judge  ofwhich  gi»ei 
the  Match.  The  Papifls  v?ere  gLd  to  find  that  a6t""  Offence 
Popjh  Prince  was,  likely,  once  mote  to  be  on,  or|^„'  ^™'^" 
near,  the  Throne  j  and  the  Protejlams,  on  the 
conirary,  were  Ihocked  at  fuch  a  Profpeit.  Theie 
laft  threw  out  many  fcvere  Reflexions  on  the  inten- 
ded Union  :  Books  and  Pamphlets  were  printed  a- 
gainft  it.  Amongft' which,  one  gave  great  Offence 
to  the  Queen,  entituled,  TheGalpb,  wherein  Eng- 
land, will  be  fwallowed  by  the  French  Match.  The 
Author,  Printer,  and  Publiflier  of  it,  being  found 
out,  fuffered  an  uncommon  Punifhment,  having 
their  Right  Hands  cutoff  by  a  Cleaver,  driven  thro' 
the  Wriit  by  the  Force  of  a  Mallet,  on  a  Scaffold 
in  fVe/iminjler  (n). 

Thefe  Men  were  of  a  Sefl  lately  fprung  up,  cal- 
led Puritans.     Bui, 

The  Queen,  to  flicw  th.-2t  {he  was  no  Way 
inclined  to  favour  Pspery,  fuffered,  ar  the  fame 
Time,  four  Popiih  Priefts  to  be  arraigned  and  exe- 
cuted as  Tiailers.  And  thefe  were  the  Reafons 
that  induced  the  Govi:ri\[nenC  to  get  'he  foregoing 
Laws  enafled;  both  againft  the  open  feditious ,  Li- 
bels and  Refleftioiis  of  the  Puruans,  and '  the 
fccreC  Praflices  of  the  Papijis.  That  the  Former  ' 
were  very  warm  in  tlieir  Remonftrances  to  the  Par- 

('in;ff«B*<Je«,  6ff.  p.  4B6. 

>)  By  vitCnc  of  jn  AEt  nafrd  ia  the  Reign  -^fPhiVp  and  Mary, 
■ioft  iheAuthonaadPabliihGis  of  Seditious 'Wiitugt. 

234     '^he  Parliamentary  Histort 

liamem  itfelf,  at  this  Time,  appears  by  an  Admonj' 
^jg,?       '«;<  then  addrefTfd  to  the  Queen  anJ  both  Houfes.' 

In  the  Conclufioti  of  which,  the  Authors  thunder 
A  Pious  Rtmon-  Out  thcif  Jnathimas  agaiuft  all  thofe  who  oppofe  tbB*"- 
«nncc»E«inftic.  progrefs  of  their  intended  Religious    Pl^  "  "" 

S[ileand  charitable  infir.u.itions  of  which 

curious  lo  be  omitted.     This  Pious  AJmmtion  lelli 

thc-m   plainly  : 

*  the  State  did  not  fliew  itrelf  upright,  al- 

*  leJge  the  Parliament  what  it  will ;  ihal  all  honcft 
'  Men  fhould  find  Lack  of  Equity,   and  allgood 

*  CoDlciences  condemn  that  Court ;  that  /'/  Jhould 
'  be  safier  for  ?todiOm  and  Qamoxfhi,  ill  the  Day  ef 
'  Judgmtnty  than  for  futh  a  Parliament.  That 
'  there  is  no  other  Thing  to  be  looked  for  than- 
'  Ibme  fpecdy  Vengeance  to  light  upon  the  whole 
'  hind,  \ei  ihe  politic  Mach.ffveii  of  England  pro- 

*  vide  as  well  as  they  can,  tho"  God  do  his  worft. 
'  And,  iinaily,  if  they  of  that  Aflembly  would  not 
'  follow  the  Advice  of  their  Jdmo'iitims,  they 
'  would  infallibly  be  their  own  Carvers  in  it  ;  the 
'  Church  being  bound  to  keep  God's  Order,  and 
'  nothing  to  be  called  God's  Order  but  their  pie- 
'  lent  Plat-Form  (o).'  But  to  proceed  with  our 
'   "Journah: 

On  the  6th  of  Febmafy,  a  Bill  was  brought  in- 
to the  Houfe  of  Lords,  to  obli^eall  Perlbns  whacfo- 
ever  to  come  to  Church,  hear  Divine  Service,  and 
receive  the  Sacrament.  But  this  bill  was  let  drop 
after  the  firft  Reading. 

March  the  zd,  a  Bill  was  fent  upby  theCom- 

L'""mons,  for  granting  a  Supply  to  hfr  Majelly,  of  a 
Subfidy,  two  Fifteenths  and  Tenths.  It  palled  the 
Houfe  of  Lords  on  the  8lh  ;  but,  it  is  ftrange,  that 
Cambden  takes  no  Manner  cf  NoLice  of  thcfe  Paxes, 
nor  for  what  Occafion  they  were  wanted  j  unlefi  it 
was  for,  fecreily,  (upplvit^ct  xhe  Hutch,  the  thai 
Humble  Stales,  with  Money,  to  fupport  them  in 
their  !atc  Revolt  from  Spain  {p). 
'  A  BiU 

(f)   Cembdm  ia  Kima,  |..  .JK5. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.    135  * 

A  Bill  palled  the  Houfe  of  Lords  for  fortifying  the 
Borders  lowards  SfQlla«d,  which  was  lent  down  to'^"?;^;"^' 
the  Commons,  who,  on  the  8ih  al  Minb,  km  up 
a  new  Bill  to  the  Lords,  10  ihe  f^me  Purpoie,  and 
iheh'  old  Bill  with  it.  On  which  this  remarkable 
Entry  is  maJein  their  Jsurnah  : 

'  This  Day  the  Commons  Houfe  fent  up  a  new 

*  Bill,  Far  fortifying  the  Borden  tanards  Scotland, 
'  and,  withal,  returned  a  former  Bill,  which  the 

*  Lords,  with  great  Deliher.iiion,  had  paiied,  and  ADifferenw  |> 
'  fern  down  before,  with  the  lame  Title.     Which'""*"  ^^'  T» 

*  Courfe  the  Lords  thought  to   be  botli  derogatory  ^°"'' 
'  to  theSuperiority  of  the  Place,  and  contrary  to  the 
'  antieni  Courle  of  both  Houfe.      And,  &s  they 

*  difliked  this  Diforder,  fu  it  was  iheir  Pleaiure,  that 
'  this  their  Mill:king  fhould  be  entered  in  ihe  Re- 

*  cords  of  Parliament,  left  fo  evil  an  Example 
'  raighthereafterbe  ufed  asa  Precedent.' . —  This  is 
one  of  the  iirft  Inllances,  we  have  yet  met  with,  of 
any  material  Difpule  between  the  Two  Houfo.. 
Whether  they  had  any. Conference  to  fettle  this  Af- 
fair is  uncertain  by  the  Lords's  "Jiurnd;  butwe^ 
find,  that  on  the  loib,  the  new  Bill  was  read  a 
firft  Time,  by  the  Lords,  and  paffed  that  Houfe  on 
the  15th,  with  c;;rtain  Amendments,  which  were 
agreed  lo  by  the  Commons. 

Ciufes  of  Appeal,  between  Party  and  Party, 
came  now  lobe  tuedat  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  and  entered  in  their  Journal.  In  this  SefTi- 
or,  there  is  a  ]ong Memrufidurri  made  of  a  Caufe, 
between  the  Marrjuefs  of  {f^inchsjier,  his  L.idy, ' 
and  one  Mr  Ougktved ;  which,  at  Ijft,  was  referred 
lo  a  Committee  nf  Lords,  ciiofen  by  the  Parties 
ihemfelves,  for  their  Determination. 

The  Journals  of  the  Hftufe  of  Commons  begin  Jitm  PMam, 
thisSeffion  of  Parliament,  with  a  very  long  Entry,  ^'^^>'^''™' 
relating  to  the  Death  of  their  Speaker,  .md  the  Elec-  ,L  b^'a'rh  ofV 
lion  of  a  new  one.     But,  as  this  was  purely  Matter  Robot  BelL 
ofForm,  wepalf  it  over.  ''■ 

The  ComiTions  havii^g  made  Choice  of  JiibH. 

Pi^idTO,  Efq;  h^r  Majetly's,  for: 

Iheir  Speaker,  in  the  room  of  tiir  Rclm  Bell^  deceaf- 

'  ed; 

2^6   The  Tarliamentary  Histort 


deal    , 

^BeeolfiMbeth.  ed  ;  he  was  prefented,  and  confirmed  by  the  Queen, 
is8»-  on  the  20th  of  January,  with  the  ufual  Ceremo- 
nies. But,  what  is  very  remarkable,  the  Lord 
Chancellor,  in  hisAnfwer  to  the  Speaker,  when 
he  claimed  the  accuftomed  Privileges  of  the  Houfe, 
gave  him  this  Admonition  :     * 

'  Thatihe  Houfe  of  Commons  fhould  not  deal 
'  or  intermeddle  with  any  Matters   touching 
*  Majefty's  Perfon,  or  Eftate,  or  Church- Govi 
* '  '  ment-' 

The  next  Thing,  of  any  Moment,  that  we  find 
in  the  Jeurnah.  is  a  Work  of  Piety ;  and  evidently 
fhews  the  Religious  Difpofiiion  of  the  Members  in 
thofe  Days. 

"January  zift,  one  Mr.  Paul  ffentwcrth  ftood 
up,  and  made  a  Mution,  for  a  public  Fiift,  and 
daily  Preaching.  '  TheFaft  tobeappointed  upon 
fome  one  certain  D.iy,  but  the  Preaching  to  bee- 
very  Morning  before  the  Houfe  did  fit.  That  fo, 
they  beginning  their  Proceedings,  with  the  Ser- 
vice and  Worlhip  o!'  God,  he  might  ihe  betlec 
blefs  them  In  all  their  Confultations  and  Acii-" 

This  Motion  occafioned  a  warm  Debate, 
many  Speeches,  we  are  told,  were  made,  Pra  ai 
Con,  about  it.  It  is  not  faid  what  any  of  their  A 
guments  were,  only,  that  Sir  Francis  Knslles,  Tre 
furer  ;  Mr  thsnws  Cromzvell^  and  Mr  Alford,  Tpolttf*  ' 
againft  the  Motion;  and  Mr  Cook,  Mr  Secretary 
Wiijdn,  and  Mr  Serjeant  Flewtrdsn,  for  it.  Mr 
Nerten  alfo  ftiewcd  Precedents,  that  there  had  been 
Fafts  in  London,  appointed  only  by  the  Council, 
By  which,  fays  the  JournaSj},  he  leemed  to  infer, 
that  a  Parliament  ought  the  rather  to  doit. 

However,  the  Houfe  being  divided   about  this 

Tilt  Commons   Matter,  it  was  put  to  the  Queftion,  when  one  hun- 

^"ihei/  01^0 ' ''''^'^  ^"^  fifteen  Voices  were  foi,  and  one  hundred 

Authority.        againft  it.    .We  let  this  pafr  without  any  other  Oh- 

fervation,  ihsn  that  this  Paul  IPentwerth  was  Brother 

to  Peter,  who  bepn  the  laft  Seffion  wilh  a  fjmous 

Speech  on  the  Liberty   of  Parliaments.     And  the 

B  0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       237 

^Kquel  will  fliew  that  this  laft  Motion  bred,  almoft.  Queen  ElinUti. 
^U  much   Dtfturbance  as  tlie  former.     For,  x^it. 

I^On    the  Relblution   aforefaid,    a   Faft   having 
'^een  appointed  to  be  Itept,   in  ihe  Templs-Chrirch, 
on  the  29th  of  this  Inftant  Jdnuar/t  there  to  affem- 
ble  and  meet  iogcther,  to  hear  Preaching,    and  join  ^^^j^ ,. 
-in  Prayer,  Humiliation,  and  Fading,  We.     Ontherented  by  ^"' 
'i4th  of  the  Tame  Month,  an  Entry  is  made,  which  Q™^a  j 
B  fliall  give,  verbatim,  as  follows  : 

*  Mr.  Speaker  declared  himfelf,    for  his  own 

Jrt,  to  be  very  forry  for  the  Error  that  happened 

ere  in  this  Houfe  upon  Saturday  laft,  in  refolving 

0  have  a  publick  Faft ;  and  flieweth  her  Majefty's 

'at  Mifliking  of  the  Proceeding  of  this  Houfe 

rein,  declaring  it  \o  fall  out  in  fuch  Sort  as  he 

3re  did  fear  it  would  do ;  and,  advifing  the  Houfe 

a  SubmiiTion  in  that  Behalf,  further  mov^ed  them 

J  beftow  thcirTime  and  Endeavour  hereafter,  du- 

Jng  theSeflion,  in  Matters  proper  and  pertinent  for 

^ts  Houfe  to  deal  in,    and  lo  omit  all  fuperfluous 

j^d  unnecelliiiy  Motions  and  Arguments,  with  all 

%e  Regard  and  Con fideration  to  the  Order  of  the 


'  Mr.  Vice-Chamberlain  declaring  a  Meflage 
fom  her  Majefty  to  this  whole  Houfe,  by  her 
pi^nefs's  Commandment  fliewed  unto  them  her 
^eat  Admiration  of  the  Raninefs  of  this  Houfe,  in 
committing  fuch  an  apparent  Contempt  againft  her 
Majefty's  exprefs  Commandment,  very  lately  be- 
fore, delivered  unio  the  whole  Houfe  by  the  Lord 
Chancellor  in  her  Highnefs's  Name,  as  to  attempt 
and  put  in  Execution,  fuch  an  Innovation  as  the 
fame  Faft,  without  her  Majefty's  Privity  and  Plea- 
fijre  firft  known;  blaming  firft  the  whole  Houfe, 
and  then  Mr,  Speaker ;  and  declaring  her  Majefty's 
Proteftation  for  the  allowing  of  Fafting  and  Pray- 
er, with  the  Ufe  and  Exercife  thereof  in  her  own 
Perfonj  but  reproving  the  undutiful  Proceeding  of 
this  Houfe,  as  againft  the  Duty  of  Subjefls,  did 
neverthelefs,  very  eloquently  and  amply,  fet  forth 
■Jicr  Majefty's  moll  honourable  and  good  Accepta- 

238     The  Tarltamentary  History 

^tgwn Elizabeth,  tion  of  the  Zeal,  Duty,  and  Fidelity,  of  this 
'^  '•  whole  Houfe  towards  Religion,  the  Safety  of  her 
Highnefs's  Perfon,  and  the  State  of  this  Common- 
wealth ;  (in  relpedt  whereof  her  Majefty  hath  fo 
long  continued  this  Parliament  without  Diflblution) 
and  declared  further,  to  the  great  Joy  and  Comfort 
* '  of  this  whole  Houfe,  that  her  Majefty  neverthelefe, 

of  her  ineftimable  and  Princely  good  Love  and  Dif- 
pofition,    and  of  her  Highnefs  moft  gracious  Cle- 
mency, conftrueth  the  faid  Offence  and  Contempt 
to  be  rafl),  unadvifed,  and  an  inconfiderate  Error 
of  this  Houfe,  proceeding  of  Zeal,  and  not  of 
the  wilful  and  malicious  Intent  of  this  Houfe,   or 
of  any  Member  of  the  feme;  imputing  the  Caufe 
thereof  partly  to  her  own  Lenity  towards  a  Bro- 
ther of  that  Man  which  now  made  this  Motion ; 
(Mr.  Wentworth)  who  in  the  laft  Seffion  was  by 
this  Houfe  for  juft  Caufcs  reprehended  and  com- 
mitted, but  by  her  Majefty  gracioufly  pardoned 
and  reftored  again.     And  after  many  exdellent  Dif- 
courfes  and  Dilatations  of  her  Highnefs's  moft  ho- 
nourable and  loving  Care  for  the  Advancement  of 
Religion  and  the  State,  wherein  (he  had  before 
fignified  her  Prohibition  to  this  Houfe  by  the  Lord 
Chancellor,  fhewed  that  her  Highnefs  hath  already 
deeply  conlulted  upon  thofe  Matters  in  all  due  and 
needful  Refpedts,    and  prepared  fit  and  apt  Courfes 
to  digeft  them,  meet  and  reariy  to  be  delivered  un- 
to this  Houfe  from  her  Highnefs,  by  fuch  Direc- 
tion as   her  Majefty  ihiiikcth  moft  convenient. 
And  fo  perfu/idiiig  tiiis  Houfe  to  employ  the  Time 
about  the  necefia;  y  Service  of  the  Qiieen's  Majef- 
ty and  of  the  Common- wealth,    wiih  due  and 
grave  Regard  to  the  an:icnt  Orders  of  this  Houfe, 
concluded!,  that  he  diinkeih  it  very  meet,  that  this 
whole  Houic,  o\  jomu  one  of  this  Houfe,  by  War- 
rant of  the  I  Joule,  \\\  ihe  Name  c""  the  faid  Houfe, 
do  make  mofl-  Lumoie  Submiriiou  unto  her  Majef- 
ty; acknowledging  the  faid  Offence  ano  Contempt, 
and  in  moft  huij:ble  and  dutiful  A'ife,  to  pray  Re- 
'  miffion  of  the  i^xsx^  at  her  Highnefs's  Hands,  with 


Of    ENGLAND.      ijj) 

full  Purpoie  hereafter  to  forhear  commitiing  of  ihcQi 
like  Offence.' 

'  Mr,  Comptroller  followed  him,  and  fpafce  lo 
the  fame  Effett,  but  urgcl  and  enforced  the  Fault 
of  the  Houl'e  with  much  more  Violence.' 

*  Mr.  Nkholas  St.  Lcger  fpake  next,  and  with 
a  ^eat  deal  of  Difcretion  and  Moderation  extenuat- 
ed the  faid  Offence  of  the  Houfe ;  urging  firfl,  their 
great  Affe£tion  to  her  M:ijefty,  the  Sincerity  ef 
iheir  Intention  in  that  Motion  of  the  Faft;  then 
the  Imperfeflions  and  Sins  to  which  not  only  pri- 
vate Men,  but  publiclc  States  are  alfo  fiibjefl,  and 
therefore  needed  to  be  fupported  by  Prayer  and 
Humiliation;  and  then  he  urged,  the  great  Fault 
and  Remiifnefs  of  the  Bifhops,  who  iuffered  that 
moft  neceflary  Duty  of  Faflmg  and  flumiliation  to 
grow  even  out  of  Ufe  in  the  Church ;  and  laftly, 
be  concluded,  that  he  trulted  that  both  herMajef- 
ty  and  all  her  Subjefls,  would  be  ready  lo  exprefs 
their  true  Repentance  to  God  in  humbling  Ihem- 
felve-!  in  Saclc-Cloth  and  Afhes.' 

'  Mr,  5/.  Posle  followed  Mr.  St.  Leger,  but 
fpake  fomewhat  differing  from  him,  aggravating 
the  Fault  of  the  Houfe,  and  urging  SuhmiHion.* 

'  Mr.  Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer  fpake  next, 
and  admonilhed  the  Houfe  of  their  Duty  which 
they  did  owe  to  fo  good  and  gracious  a  Prince,  as 
her  Majefty  hath  expreffed  herfelf  to  be  in  all  this 
long  Time  of  her  Guvernment;  and  therefore 
urged  the  Houfe  to  SubmilTion  ' 

'  Mr.  Sei^fird,  one  of  ihe  Mailers  of  the  Re- 
quefts,  urged  the  fame  Submiflion ;  but  withal  he 
thought  it  very  fitting,  andcoutd  wifli  it,  thatMr. 
Vice- Chamberlain  who  had  brought  the  Mcflage 
from  her  Majefty  of  her  Difpleafure,  might  alfo 
carry  the  Houfe's  Submiffion  back  again  unto  her 

*  Mr.  Flnverdin  fpake  next,  and  (hewed  the 
■  Sincerity  of  his  Intention  in  fpeaking  for  the  Faft, 

when  it  was  firfl  moved  ;  but  now  concluded,  that 
it  was  moft  fitting  for  the  Houfe  W  make  their  Sub- 
miffion  to  her  Majefty.' 

«  Mr. 

240     The  Parliamentary  History 


Qgeen  Elizabeth.      *  Mr.  Corleton  ftcx>d  Up  and  offered  to  have  fpo- 
»58'«         ken,    but  was  interrupted  by  Mr.  Speaker  and  the 

'  Then  Mr.  Speaker  afked  the  Queftion,  Whe- 
ther Mr,  Vice- Chamberlain  (hould  carry  the  Sub- 
miffion  of  the  Houre  lo  her  Majefty,  and  it  was 
They  make  a    agreed  to  by  the  Confent  of  the  whole  Houfe/ 
&bouffiontoher     *  Mr,  Qarletcn  offered  again  to  fpeak,  faying 
^^ '  with  fome  Repetition,  that  what  he  had  /to  move 

was  for  the  Liberty  of  the  Houfe;  but  the  Speaker 
notwithftanding,  and  the  Houfe  (out  of  a  tender 
Care  as  it  feemeth  to  give  no  further  Diftafte  to 
her  Majefty)  did  ftay  him.' 

*  Mr.  Vice- Chamberlain  brought  Anfwer  from 
her  Majefty  of  her  moft  gracious  Acceptation  of 
the  Submiffion,  and  of  her  Majefty*s  Admonition 
and  Confidence  of  their  difcreet  Proceeding;  with 
one  fpecial  Note,  that  they  do  not  mifreport  the 
Caiife  of  her  Mifliking,  which  was  not,  for  that 
they  defired  Fafting  and  Prayer,  but  for  the  Man- 
ner in  prefuming  to  indift  a  Form  of  publick  Faft 
without  Order  and  without  her  Privity,  which 
was  to.  intrude  upon  her  Authority  Ecclefiaftical.' 

*  Sir  Walter  Mildmay  fpake  next,  and  faid, 
Mr.  Speaker, 

Sir  Walter  Mild-  *  'THHE  principal  Caufe  of  our  AfTembly  here, 
may's  Motion  *  J^  being  to  cohfult  of  Matters  that  do  con- 
fer ffcuringthe  c  ^em  the  Realm,  I  have  thought  good  with  your 
»g!anfUheP^e  *  Patience,  to  remember  you  of  Juch  Things,  as 
and  his  Adhe-  *  for  the  Weight  and  Neceflity  of  them  I  take  to 
«"^*  «  be  worthy  of  your  Confiderations.     Wherein 

*  T  mean  to  note  unto  you  what  I  have  conceiv- 

*  ed,  firft,  of  the  prefent  State  we  be  in;  next, of 

*  the  Dangers  we  may  juftly  be  in  doubt  of ;  and 

*  laftly,  what  Provifion  ought  to  be  made  in  Time 

*  to  prevent  or  refift  them.     Thefe  (hewed,  as 

*  briefly  as  the  Matters  will  fuffer,  I  leave  them  to 
'  your  Juelgments  to  proceed  further  as  you  (hall 

*  find  it  expedient. 

*  That  our  moft  gracious  Queen  did  at  her  firft 
!  Entry  loofen  us  from  the  Yoke  of  Rome^  and 

•  did 


0/"   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      141 

did  reftore  unto  Ihis  Realm  the  raoft  pure  and  QuemEiizsbetli, 
holy  Religion  of  the  Gofpel,  which  for  a  Time  '^  '' 
was  over- (h  ado  wed  with  Popery,  is  Icnown  of 
all  the  World,  and  felt  of  us  to  our  Angular 
Comforts.  But  from  hence,  as  from  the  Root, 
hath  fprung  [hat  imjilacable  Malice  of  the  Pspe, 
and  his  Confederates  againft  her,  whereby  they 
have,  and  do  feek,  not  only  lo  trouble,  but  if 
they  couM,  lo  bring  the  Realm  again  into 
Thraldom ;  the  raiher  for  that  they  hold  this  as 
a  firm  and  fettled  Opinion,  that  England  is  the 
only  fettled  Monarchy  that  moft  doth  maintain 
and  countenance  Religion,  being  the  Chief  Sanc- 
tuary for  the  afflicted  Members  of  the  Church 
that  fiy  thither  from  the  Tyranny  of  Rome,  as 
Men  being  in  Danger  of  Shipwrack,  do  from  a 
raging  and  tempeltuous  Sea,  to  a  calm  and  quiet 
Haven.  This  being  fo.  What  hath  not  ihcPape 
effiyed  to  annoy  the  Queen  and  her  State,  there- 
by, as  he  thinketh,  lo  remove  this  great  Obftaclc 
that  ftandeth  between  him  and  the  over-flowing 
of  the  World  again  with  Popery?  For  the  Proof 
whereof  ihefe  may  (uffice. 
'  The  Northern  Rebellion  ftiired  up  by  the 
Pefie,  and  the  Quarrel  for  Popery. 

*  The   Maintenance  fithence  of   thole  Rebels 
and  other  Fugitives. 

*  The  publiOiing  of  a  moll  impudent,  blafphe- 
i  moUs  and  malicious  Bull  jgainft  our  moft  Right- 
i*  ful  Queen. 

'  The  Invafion  into  Ireland  by  James  FUz- 
■JiSirrket  with  the  Aflillance  of  fome  Englifh 
»  Rebels. 

*  The  Railing  of  a  dangeroua  Rebellion  in  he- 

*  land  by  the  Earl  of  Defmond  and  others,  in- 

*  tending  theieby  to  make  a  general  Revolt  of  all 
'  the  whole  Realm. 

*  The  late  Invafion  of  Strangers  into  Ireland, 

*  and  their  fortifying  it. 

*  The  Pepi  turned  ihtis  the  Venom  of  his  Cur- 

*  fes  and  (he  Pens  of  his  malicious  Parafites  into 
•■Men  of  War  and  Weapons,  to  win  that  by 
t       Vot.  IV.  Q.  •  Force, 

242     7he  'Parliamentary  HisToar 

Queen Eiiiabcth, «  Forcc,  wh'ich  othcrwife  he  could  not  do.     And 
*^  '■        '  though  all  thefe  are  faid  to  be  done  by  the  Pepe, 

*  and  in  his  Name,   yet  who  feeih  not  that  they 

*  be  maintained  under-hand  by  ibme  Princes  his 
'  Confederates.'  And  if  any  Man  be  in  doubt  of 
'  that,  let  him  bur  note  from  whence  the  laft  In- 
'  valior.  mio'Iretand  came,  of  what  Country  the 
'  Ships,  and  of  what  Nation  [he  moll  Part  of  the 
'  Soldiers  were,  and  by  Dire£iion  of  whofe  Mini- 
'  Hers  they  received  their  Viflual  and  Furniture. 

'  For  the  Pepe  of  himfelf  at  this  prefent,  is  far 
'  unable  to  make  War  upon  any  Prince  of  that 
'  Eftaie  which  her  Majefty  is  of,  having  loft,  as 

*  you  know,  many  Years,  by  the  Preaching  of  the 
'  Gofpcl,  thofe  infiniie  Revenues  which  he  was 
'  wont  10  have  out  of  Engldad,  Scotland,  Germa- 

*  ny,  Switzerland,  Denmark,  and  others;  and  now 
'  out  of  France  aijd  the  Lsiv-Csuntries;  fo  as  we 
'  are  to  think  that  his  Name  only  is  ufed,  and  all, 

*  or  the  moft  Part  of  the  Charge,  born  by  others. 
'  The   Queen   neverihelefs   by  the  Almighty 

*  Power  of  God  flandeth  fait,  ni.iugre  the  Pope 

*  and  all  his  Friends;  having  hitherto  reliiled  all 
'  Attempts  againit  her,  to  her  great  Honour,  and 
'  their  great  Shame.     As, 

'  The  Rebellion  in  ihe  North  lupprelled  with- 
'  out  Effufion  of  Blood,  wherein  her  Majefty  may 
'  fay  as  Cafar  did,  Veni,  vidi,  vici  j  fo  expedite 
'  and  fo  honourable  was  the  Viflory  that  God  did 

*  give  her,  by  the  Diligence  and  Valour  of  ihofe 
'  noble  Men  that  had  Ihe  Concluding  thereof. 

'  The  Enterprize  of  Jumes  Fuz-Mofice  defealt 

*  ed,  and  himfelf  lliin. 

'  The  J/ a /ians  pulled  out  by  the  Ears  at  Smir- 
'  vjici  in  Inland,  and  cut  in  Pieces  by  the  notable 
'  Service  of  a  noble  Captain  and  vahant  Soldiers. 

'  Neither  thefe  nor  any  other  Threatnings  or 
'  Fears  of  Danger  hath,  or  doth  mafce  her  to  ftag- 
'  ger  or  relent  in  the  Caufe  of  Religion  ;  but  hke 

*  a  conftani  Chriftian  Princefs,  fhe  ftilj  holdclh  feft 

*  the  Profeffion  of  the  Gofpel,  that  hath  fo  long 
'  upliolden  her,  and  made  us  to  live  in  Peace 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      243 

■  twenty  two  Years  and 

;  under  her  moftn 


gracious  Government,  Tree  from  thofe  Troubles  " 
'  that  our  Ncighbouis  have  felt;    fo  as  ihis  now 
feemedi  lo  be  our  prsfent  State,  a  blefled,  peace- 

■  able,  nnJ  happy  Time,  for  the  which  we  are 

■  moft  bound  to  God,    and  to  pray  unto  him  for 
the  Continuance  thereof. 

*  But  yel  notwithftanding,  feeing  our  Enemies 
'  fleep  not,  it  behoveth  us  not  to  be  carelefs,  as 
'  though  all  were  psft  ;    but  rather  to  think,  that 

■  there  is  but  a  Piece  of  the  Storm  over,  and  that 

■  Ilie  greater  Pnrt  of  the  Tempeil  remaineth  be- 

■  hind,  and  is  like  to  fall  upon  us  by  the  Malice 
'  of   the  Pope,  the  moll  Capital  Enemy  of  the 

■  Queen  and  this  State,  the  Determinations  of  the 

■  Council  of  Trent,    and  [he  Combination  of  the 

■  Pope  with  other  Monarchies  and  Princes  devoted 

■  unto -Rum;;  aliiiringDurfelve?^  thar  if  their  Pow- 

■  ers  be  anfwerable  to  iheir  Wills,  this  Realm  fhall 
'  find  at  their  Hands  all  I  he  Miferies  and  Extremities 

■  that  ihey  can  bring  upon  it.  And  though  by  ihe 
'  late  good  Succefs  which  God  hath  given  in  Iie- 

■  laridy  thefe  lewd  and  malicious  Enterprizes  feein 
'  for  a  Time  to  be  as  it  were  at  a  Stand ;   yet  let 

■  u!  be  afTured,  that  neither  their  Attempts  upon 
'  Ireland,  neither  the  Mifchiefs  intended  againft 
'  England  will  ceafe  thus ;  hut  if  they  find  us  ne- 
'  gligent,  they  will  be  ready  with  greater  Forces 
'  than  have  been  yei  feen.  The  certain  Determi- 
'  nation  which  the  Pope  and  his  combined  Friends 

■  have  to  root  out  the  Religion  of  the  Gofpel  in 

■  all  Places,  and  to  begin  here  as  their  greateft  Im- 

■  pediment,  is  Caufe  fufficient  to  make  usthe  more 
'  vigilant,  and  to  have  a  wary  Eye  lo  their  Doings 
'  and  Proceedings,  how  fmooihly  foL-ver  they  fpeak 
'  ordiflemble  their  Friendlhips  tor  the  Time:  For 
'  let  us  think  furely,  that  ihey  have  joined  Hands 
'  together  againft  us ;  and  if  they  cati,  tbey  will 
'  procure  the  Sparks  of  the  Flames  that  have  beeil 
'  fo  terrible  in  oihet  Countries,  to  fly  over  into 
'  England^  and  to  kindle  as  great  a  Fire  here.  And 
'  aa  the  Pope  by  cpen  Hoftility,  as  you  fee,  hath 

Q_2  '  fliewed 


<^een  Elizabeth. 

44    The  Parliamentary  HiSTOM 

fhewed  himfelf  againft  her  Majcfty  5  fothcb^ 
ter  to  anfwer  in  Time  the  Purpofes  that  he  W" 
fet  dowa  in  the  mean  Seafon  till  they  comC'l^ 
Ripenefs,  he  hath  and  doth  by  fecret  ?t$SaH 
ces  within  this  Realm  leave  nothing  uni 
emboldening  many  undutiful  Subjedts  to 
faft  in  their  Difobedience  to  her  Majefty  and] 
Laws.  For  albeit  the  pure  Religion  of  the  ^ 
pel  hath  had  a  free  Courfe,  and  hath  been 
preached  now  many  Years  within  this  Realml 
the  Proteftion  of  her  Majefty*s  moftC! 
Government;  yet  fuch  have  been  the  Pi 
of  the  Pope  and  his  fecret  Minifters,  as  the  ( 
nate  and  (tiff  necked  Pafnji  is  fo  far  from 
reformed,  as  he  hath  gotten  Stomach  to  go 
ward,  and  to  ihew  his  Difobedience  not  onlfi 
arrogant  Words,  but  alfo  in  contem] 

*'  To  confirm  them  herein,  and  to  increaTe 
Number,    you  fee  how  the  Pop^  hath  and 
comfort  their  hollow  Hearts  with  Abfolut 
Difpenfuions,  Reconciliations,   and  fuch 
Things  of  Rome.     You  fee  how  lately  he 
fent  hither  a  Sort  of  Hypocrites,  naming 
felyes  Je/uiiesy  a  Rabble  of  vagrant  Friers 
iprung  up,    and  running  through  the  World 
trouble  the  Church  of  God;   whofe  prii 
Errand  is  by  creeping  into  the  Houfes  of  Menj 
Behaviour  and  Reputation,    not  only  to  c< 
the  Realm  with  falfe  Dodtrine,    but  alfoi 
that  Pretence,  to  ftir  up  Sedition,  to  theP< 
her  Majefty  and  her  good  Subjedls. 
'  Plow  tbefe  Pradices  of  the  Pope  have  wrc 
in  the  diiobedient  Subjects  of  this  Land,  18 
evident  and  kmenrabic  to  confider.     For- 
Impreflion  hath  the  Eftimaiion  of  the  P6p^$, 
thority  made  in  them,    as  not  only  thoic  wJ 
from  the  Beginning  have  refufed  to  obejTf , 
many,  yea,  very  many  of  ihofe  which  A] 
Years  together  did  yield  and  conform  themf 
in  their  open  Adtions,  fithence  the  Dccn 
that  unholy  Council  gf  Trent,  and  fiihenci 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       245  < 

*  Publifliing  and  Denouncing  of  that  blafphemous  Qu«nElu»l»th.- 

*  Bui!  agamft- her  Majefty,  and  fiihence  thofe  le-        'S*'" 
'  cret   Ablblutions  and  Reconciliarions,    and  ihe 
'  fwarming  Jiilher  of  a  Number  of  Popift}  Prieits 
'-andMonkini7if/^««,  have  and  dounerly  refufe 
'  to  be  of  .our  Church,    or  to  refort  unio  our 

*  Preaching  and  Prayers,     The  Sequel  whereof 

*  mud  needs  prove  dangerous  to  the  whole  Siate  of 
'  Ihe  Common-wealih, 

'  By  this  you  fee  what  Caufe  we  have  juftly  to 
'  doubt  great  Mifchief  threatned  to  this  Realm; 
'  and  therewith  you  may  ealily  fee  alio  how  for 
1*  the  preventing  and  withllanJing  of  the  fame,  it 
'  behoveth  her  Majefty  not  only  to  provide  in 

*  Time  fufficieni  Laws  for  the  continuing  of  this 

*  [waceable  Government;  but  alfo  to  be  ready  with 
'  Forces  to  reprefs  all  Attempts  that  may  he  enler- 

*  prized  either  by  Enemies  abroad,  or  by  evil  Sub- 

*  jefls  at  Home.' 

'  What  Difference  there  is  between  the  Pop'i 
'  perfecuiing  Church,  and  this  mild  Church  of  the 

*  Gofpel,  haih  been  feen  in  all  Ages,  and  efpecial- 
'  ly  in  the  late  Government  compared  with  the 

*  merciful  Time  of  her  Majefty's  Reign;  the 
'  Continuance  of  which  Clemency  is  alio  to  be 
»  wifhed,  fo  far  as  may  Hand  with  God's  Honour 

*  and  the  Safety  of  the  Realm:     But  when  by 

*  long  Proof  we  find,  that  ihia  favourable  and 
.*  gentle  Manner  of  dealing  with  the  Difobeyers 

*  and  Coniemnersof  Religion,  to  vim  them  by  fair  , 
'  Means  if  it  were  poflible,  hath  done  no  good,  but 

*  hath  bred  in  them  a  more  arrogant  and  contemp- 
'  tiioua  Spirit,  fo  as  they  have  not  only  prefumed 
'  to  difobey  the  Laws  and  Orders  of  ific  Realm, 

*  but  alfo  to  accept  from  Rum  fccret  Abfolutions, 
'  Reconciliations,  and  fuch  llkej    and  that  by  the 

*  Hands  of  lewd  Runagates,  Priefts  and  Jefuitei, 
'■  harbouring  and  entertaining  them  even  in  ihctr 
'  Houfes;  thereby  (hewing  an  Obedience  to  the 

*  Pi^i,  by  their  Direiilion  slfo  nourifhing  and  Irnin- 
'  ing  up  their  Ciuluren  and  Kinsfolks,  not  only  at 
'  Home,    but  alfo  Abroad  in  the  Seminaries  of 

Q.  3  •  Pep^'j  i 

1^6     TheTarliiimcutary  History 

Popery ;  now  I  fay  it  is  Time  for  us  to  look 
more  narrowly  and  ftriftly  to  iliem,  left  as  they 
be  cotiupt,  ib  they  prove  dangerous  Members 
to  many  born  within  theEn[raiis  of  o'jr  Com- 

'  And  feeing  that  the  Lenity  of  ihe  Time  and 
the  Mildnefs  of  the  Laws  heretofore  made,  are 
no  fmall  Caufe  of  their  arrogant  Difobediencc, 
it  is  uecellary  that  we  make  a  Provifion  of  Laws 
more  Arid  and  more  fevere;  toconilrain  them 
to  yield  their  open  Obedience,  at  the  leaft,  to 
her  Majefty  in  Caufes  of  Religion,  and  not  to 
live  as  they  lift,  to  ihc  perilous  Example  of 
others,  and  to  the  Encouraging  of  their  own 
evil  affefted  Minds :  But  if  they  will  needs  fub- 
mit  themlelves  to  the  Benediftion  of  the  Pspe^ 
they  may  feel  how  liitie  his  Curfes  can  hurt  us, 
and  how  little  his  Bleflings  can  lave  them  from 
thni  Puniftment  which  we  are  able  to  lay  upon 
them  ;  letting  them  alfo  find,  how  dangerous  it 
fliall  be  for  them  to  deal  with  the  Pcpg,  or  any 
thing  of  his,  or  with  thofe  Rsviijh  Priefts  and 
Jefuilei;  and  therewith  alfo  how  perilious  it 
fhall  he  for  ihofe  feditious  Runagates  to  enter 
into  the  Land,  to  draw  away  from  her  Majefly 
that  Obedience  which  by  the  Laws  of  God  and 
Man  are  due  unio  her, 

'  This  then  is  one  of  the  Provifions  which  wc 
ought  to  take  care  of  in  this  Council,  whereby 
we  may  both  enjoy  ftill  that  happy  Peace  we 
live  in,  and  the  i'ff;>«  take  the  lefs  Boldnefs  to 
trouble  ua,  by  any  Favour  he  {hall  find  here. 
'  The  next  is  Provifion  of  Forces  lufficient  to 
anfv/er  any  Violence  that  may  be  offered  either 
here  or  abrcid ;  for  ihe  which  you  know  it  is 
rtquiiite  thi^t  her  Majerty  do  make  Preparation 
both  by  Sea  and  by  Land. 
'  God  ha^h  placed  this  Kingdom  in  an  Ifland 
environed  with  rhe  Sea  as  with  a  natural  and 
flrong  Wail,  whereby  we  are  not  fubjeit  lo  thofd 
fudden  Iiivafions  which  otljcr  Frontier  Countries 
One  of  our  greaieft  Defences  flanding  by 






©/■ENGLAND.      247 

'  Sea,  the  Number  of  good  Ships  h  of  ihe  moftQ^ 
'  Importance  for  us.     What  the  Queen'sNavy  is, 
'  how  many  notable  Ships,  and  how  far  behind  is 
'  the  Navy  of  any  other  Prince,   is  known  to  all 
'  Men  ;  and  therewiih  aifo  it  may  be  eafily  confi- 

*  dered   how   great   Chaiges  be  incident   to   the 

*  fame. 

'  Neceflary  alfo  it  is,  that  her  Majefty  have  For- 
'  ces  by  Land  fufficient  to  chaftife  the  Rebels  in 

*  belaud,    and  to  reprefs  any  foreign  Attempts  ei- 

*  ther  there  or  here.     For  which  Services  either 

*  by  Land  or  by  Sea,  her  Majefty  needeih  not  as 
'  other  Princes  are  fain  to  do,  to  entertain  necef- 

*  fa ry  Soldiers  of  Foreign  Countries  hardly  gotten, 

*  coftJy  and   dargcrouily  kept,  and  in  the  end, 

*  little  or  no  Service  done  them  ;   but  may  bring 

*  fufficient  Forces  of  her  own  nsniral  Subjefls, 

*  ready  and  eafy  to  be  levied,  ihat  carry  with 
'  them  willing,  valiant,  and  faithful  Minds,  fuch 

*  as  few  Nations  may  eafily  compare  with.     But 

*  thefe  Forces  with  their  Furniture  and  Munition, 

*  can  neither  be  prepared  nor  maintained  to  have 
•Continuance,  without Provifion of Treafurefuf- 
'  ficieni  [o  bear  the  Charge,  being  as  you  know 
'  termed  of  old,  Nervus  Belli. 

'  This  belongeih  to  us  to  confider,    and  that  in 

*  Time  ihere  be  not  Lack  of  the  Sinews  that  muft 

*  hold  together  the  Strength  of  our  Body.  And 
'  hecaufe  through  the  Malice  of  our  Enemies,  het 
'  Majefty  is  driven  to  keep  greatForces  in  Irelnnil, 

*  for  the  better  SupprelTmg  of  that  Rebellion  to 
'  her  exceeding  Charge;  and  for  that  alfo  it  is  un- 
'  certain,    how  iudden  and  how  great  other  At- 

*  tempts  may  be  ;  therefore  in  Reafon,  our  Supply 

*  of  that  Maintenance  ought  to  be  the  more,  efpe- 

*  cially  the  Wars  being  at  ihlsDay  focoftlyasevc^ 

*  ry  Man  in  his  private  Expence  may  eafily  judge. 
'  But  left  that  pcradventure  fome  may  judge,  that 

*  the  Contribution  granted  by  us  pow  five  Years 
'  paft,   both  frankly  ana  dutifully,    might  luffico 

*  for  many  Years  wiiliout  any  new;  I  dare  aft'ure 

*  you  for  the  Acqaaimance  I  have  (though  I  bc- 

<j  4  '  ^- 

i48    The  Parliamentary  History 

!>■•  unworthy)  with  thofe  her  Majefty's  Affairs,  that 
'  the  fame  hath  not  been  fufficient  to  aiifwer  the 

*  extraordinary  Charges  happen'd  fines  then,  efpe- 
'  cially  thofe  of /'i'.'aW,  by  the  one  Half ;  buther 

*  Majefty  hath  fupplied  the  reft  out  of  her  own 
'  Revenues,  fpating  from  hcrfflf  to  lerve  the  Ne- 

*  ceflity  of    the  Realm,    and  (hunning  thereby 

*  Loans  upon  Intereft,  as  a  moft  peftilenc  Canter 

*  that  is  able  lo  devour  even  the  States  of  Princes.' 

*  Which  being  fo,    as  it  is  moll  true,  we  are  not 

*  to  think  upon  the  Charge  that  is  paft,  but  the 

*  Good  we  have  received  by  it,  being  by  that  Pro- 
'  vifion  well  and  honourably  defended  againft  the 
'  Malice  of  our  Enemies.     And  therefore  conli- 

*  dering  the  great  Benefit  we  have  received  by  the 
'  laft  Payment,  being  eafily  taxed  and  eafily  born, 
'  whereby  we  have  kepi  all  the  reft  in  Peagc ;  let 
'  us  as  provident  Counfellors  of  this  Srate,  prepare 

*  again  in  Time  ihat  which  may  be  able  to  wiih- 
'  Hand  the  Mifchiefs  intended  againft  us.     To  do 

*  this  willingly  and  liberally,  our  Duty  to  oar' 
^  Queen  and  Country,  and  our  Safeties  move  us. 
'  The  Lciveand  Duty  that  we  owe  to  our  moft 
'  gracious  Queen,    by  whofe  Miniliry  God  hath 

*  done  fo  great  Things  for  us,  even  fuch  as  be 

*  wonderful  in  the  Eyes  of  the  World,    ought  to 

*  make  ua  more  careful  for  her  Prefervation  and 

*  Security  than  for  our  own.     A  Ptincefs  known 

*  by  long  Experience  to  be  a  principal  Paitonof 
'  the  Gofpel,  virtuous,  wife,  faithlul,  juft,  un- 
'  fpotted  in  Word  and  Deed,  merciful,  temperate, 
'  a  Maintainer  of  Peace  and  Juftice  amongft  her 
'  People  without  refpeft  to  Perfons;  a  Queen  be- 

*  fides  of  this  noble  Realm,  our  Native  Country, 
'  renowned  of  the  Woild,  which  our  Enemres 
'  daily  gape  to  over  run,  if  by  Force  or  Sleight 

*  they  could  do  it:  For  luch  a  Queen  and  fuch  a 
'  Country,  and  for  ibe  Defence  of  the  Honour 
'  and  Safety  of  them  both,  nothing  ought  to  be 
'  dear  uiuo  us,    that  with  moll  willing  Hearts  we 

*  jhould  not  fpend  and  adventure  freely, 



0/   E  N  G  I,  A  N  D. 



'  The  fame  Love  and  Duty  [hat  we  owe  to  our  Qa<™E'"> 

*  gracious  Sovereign,  and  to  this  our  Native  Coun-        *^  ^' 

*  try,  ought  to  make  us  all  think  upon  the  Realm 

*  of  Ireland  as  upon  a  principal  Member  of  this 
'  Crown,  having  continued  fo  this  four  Hundred 

*  Years  or  more.     To  lofe  that  Land,  or  any 

*  Part  thereof,  which  the  Enemies  feefc,  would 

*  not  only  bring  with  it  Diftionour,  but  alfo  prove 
'  a  Thing  moll  dangerous  to  England;  confidering 
»  the  Neafnefs  of  that  Realm  to  this,  and  the 
'  Goodnefsof  fo  many  notable  Havens  as  be  there. 

*  Again,  to  reform  that  Nation  by  planting  therein 

*  Religion  and  Juftice,.  which  the  Enemies  labour 
'  to  interrupt,  is  moll  godly  and  necellary;    the 

*  Neglefling  whereof  hath,  and  will  continue  that 
'  People  in  all  Iireligion  and  Diforder,  to  ihe  great 
'  Offence  of  God,    and  to  the  infinite  Charge  of 

*  this  Realm. 

*  Finally,  let  us  be  mindful  alfo  of  our  Safety, 

*  thereby  to  avoid  fo  great  Dangers,   not  feen  afar 

*  off,  but  imminent  over  our  Heads. 

*  The  Quictnefs  that  we  have  by  the  peaceable 

*  Government  of  her  Majefty,    doih  make  us  to 

*  enjoy  all  that  is  ours  in  more  Freedom  than  any 

*  Nation  under  the  Sun  at  this  Day :  Bui  let  not 
'  that  breed  in  us  a  carelefs  Security,  as  though  this 

*  clear  Sun-light  could  never  be  darkened ;  but  let 

*  us  think  certainly  that  the  Pops  and  his  Favour- 

*  ers  do  both  envy  our  Felicity,  and  leave  no  Prac- 

*  tice  unfo.ighi  to  ovenhrow  the  fame.     And  if 

*  any  Man  be  fo  dull  (as  I  truft  there  be  none  here) 
'  that  he  cannot  conceive  the  Bledednefsof  thisour 

*  golden  Peace,  ex^-ept  he  felt  the  Lack  of  it;  let 

*  him  but  end  his  Eyes  over  the  Seas,  into  our 

*  Neighbour's  Countries,   and  there  behold  what 

*  Trouhle  the  Pspe  and  his  Minlfters  have  ftirred 

*  againft   uch  as  profefs  the  lame  Religion  of  yejus 

*  Chrift  B9  we  do :     There  he  may  find  Depopu- 

*  latious  an !  Dev?,(btions  of  whole  Provinces  and 

*  Countries;  Over-throwing, Spoiling, andSacking 

*  of  Cities  and  Towns;  Impriibniog,  Ranfoming, 

*  and  Murtheringof  all  Kind  of  People;    befides 

'  other 

f^aeen  EUzabethi 

Cpminitte^s  ap- 
pointeJ     accor- 

ajo    Tffe  Parliamentary  Histokt. 

other  infinite  Calamities  which  the  Infolency  of 
War  dotli  ufually  bring  with  it. 

*  From  thefe  God  in  his  Mercy  hath  delivcrd 
us ;  but  this  neverthelefs  is  the  State  and  Condir 
tion  that  our  Enemies  would  fee  us  in,  if  If 
any  Device  they  could  bring  it  topafs;  and  to 
that  End,  be  then  affured,  they  will  fpare  oil 
Cofl-,  nor  leave  any  Meaqs  uneflayed. 

*  Therefore  to  conclude.  Seeing  the  Malice  of 
the  Pope  and  hb  Confederates  are  fo  notorioBi 
unto  us,  and  feeing  the  Dangers  be  fo  great,  ft 
evident,  and  fo  imminent  i  and  feeing  that  Pifr 
parations  to  withftand  them  cannot  be  made 
without  Support  of  the  Realm ;  and  feeing  tM 
our  Duties  to  God,  our  Queen  and  Counoyi 
and  the  Neceffity  that  hangeth  upon  our  cm 
Safe-guards,  be  Reafons  fufficient  to  perfuadc  m\ 
let  us  think  upon  tbefe  Matters  as  the  Weight  of 
them  dcferveih  ;  and  fo  provide  in  Time  bothl^ 
Laws  ro  reftrain  and  corrcft  the  evil  affedtedSub* 
jefts,  and  by  Provifion  of  that  which  (hall  h 
requifite  for  the  Maintenance  of  Forces,  asoQl 
Enemies  finding  our  Minds  fo  willing,  and  OH 
Hands  fo  ready  to  keep  our  Country  in  Otish 
and  to  furnifh  her  Majefty  with  all  that  fliall  be 
necelTary,  may  either  be  difcouraged  to  atteopl 
any  thing  againft  us,  or  if  they  do,  they  taif 
find  fuch  Reiiltance,  as  fhall  bring  ConfufiOD  V 
thcmfelves,  Honour  to  our  pioft  gracious  Qjice% 
and  Safety  to  us  al!.' 

'  Mr.  Norton  purfued  the  fame  Admonitif 
and  required  the  Houfe  to  proceed  to  a  Manner j 
executing  it ;  which  in  his  Opinion  was  to  a| 
all  the  Privy-Council  of  this  Houfe,    and 
other  fit  Perfoas  to  confuh  of  Bills  conv( 
be  framed  according  to  the  faid  Motion  to 
fentcd  to  the  Houfe ;    which  Motion  ajfo 
allowed,  and  Committees  appointed  to  meetil 
Exchequer-Chamber  that  Afternoon  at  Til 
tlie  Clock,   viz    All  the  Privy-Council  c 
JJoufc,    Sir  Thomas  Heneage^   Trcafura[  ^ 





0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      iji 

Chamber,  ihe  Matters  of  Requefts,  Sir  Gierge  q^^ 
Cary,  Knight-Marfhal,  Mr.  Fmefcus,  Mafter  of 
the  Wardrobe,  Mr,  Recorder  of  London^  Mr. 
Serjeant  i'i/Mi^,  Mr.  Serjeant  Fleetwood,  Sit  James 
Harrington,  Sir  William  More,  Sir  Ihsmas  Scstt, 
Sir  yohn  Bnciett,  Sir  Henry  Raddyffe,  Mr.  Yelvir- 
ion.  Sir  Henry  Gates,  Mr.  Hulton,  Sir  Philip 
Sidney,  Sir  Henry  Leigh,  Mr.  IVaelley,  Sir  Thomas 
Shirley,  Sir  if^Bry  Knivell,  Mr.  Norton,  Mr,  ///- 
litfr/fj',  Sir  Rowland  Hayward,  Mr.  Matthrjjs, 
Sir  iiiJifrf  IVitigfield,  Sir  r/wmuj  PiJrijr,  Sir  TAo- 
fflcj  Perrot,  Mr.  Js-^n  Pr/Vf,  Mr.  Ayhner,  Sir 
G^ijr^j  ^^fic,  Mr.  Lieutenant  of  the  Tinver,  Sir 
Tiffwijr  C«;7/,  Sir  vfr/Aar  fi^?,  Mr.  Cnwif, 
Mr.  Robert  Wroth,  Mr.  Edward  Lewienor,  Mr. 
Jhempfin,  Mr.  Layton,  Mr.  Edward  Stanhope, 
Mr.  C*flr/^i  Merrifin,  Mr.  G/7i^rr  7d/Aa(,  Mr. 
Edward  Cary,  Mr.  P^rtr  ffentworth,  Mr,  Stfs^'^t 
Sir  iioiirt  Stapkton,  Sir  Nicholas  St.  Leger,  Sir 
James  Msrvin,  Sir  William  Winter,  Sir  Edward 
Upton,  Mr.  jP^j^j^w  Philipps,  Mr.  Edgecmbe,  Sir 
fliwrj'  Woodhaufe,  Mr.  Peyton,  and  Mr.  Digby.' 

There  were  very  few  Debates  on  any  confiderabic 
Points  this  Seflion ;  the  Dill  for  a  Supply  being 
pafs'd  without  any.  There  aiealfo  many  Orders 
aod  Regulations  relating  to  Elcflioiis,  tifc.  but 
none  of  them  are  material  enough  forour  Purpofe. 
The  Houfe  alfo  thought  fit  to  petition  the  Queen, 
on  the  old.  Score  of  making  fome  farther  Reforma- 
tion in  Religion.  But  this  was  touched  fo  ten- 
derly, in  the  Petition,  ihac  (he  thought  fit  to 
give  them  a  favourable  Anfwer  to  it :  On  which 
the  Houfe  came  to  a  Refoluiion  to  take  no  more 
Notice  of  this  Affair,  bur  to  leave  it  to  the  Speaker, 
in  his  Speech  at  the  End  of  the  Seffion,  to  recom- 
mend this  Reformation  to  her  Majefty,  as  he  thought 

On  the  rSih  Day  of  March,  the  Queen  came 
to  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  in  the  Afternoon,  when 
Ihe  Speaker  of  the  Commons,  ^c.  being  admitted, 
on  the  prefeniiiig  of  the  Bills  to  het  Majefty,  he 
Jpolfe  10  tills  Efieit : 


aj^     The  Parliamentary  History 

^'""isSi!^^^*     *  '^^^^  ^^^  ^*^'^f  ^^^  principal  Purpofe  in  n»* 
king  of  Laws  did  confift  of  three  principal  Paili^ 

The  S  caker's    ^^  ^^^^   '^^^  ^^'^  ^^*^  ^^  ^^"®  ^^^  finccrc  ScTViCe 

Speech^to  Se  and  Glory  of  God ;  Secondly,  for-  the  Suidy 
i^ccn  on  pre-  and  Prefcrvatlon  of  her  Majefty's  moft  Royal  Per- 
^"^^J^^°;^  fon ;  and  Thirdly,  for  the  Good,  Quiet,  and  Bei»- 
*"  fit  of  the  Common- Wealth  of  this  her  Highncft 
Realm  and  Subjedts  of  the  fame ;  afcribing  theSs- 
cere  and  plentiful  Preaching  of  God's  Word,  wi4 
the  due  and  right  Ufe  of  Prayer  and  Adminiftratkl 
of  the  Sacraments,  and  the  true  Exercife  and  D* 
cipline  in  the  Churches,  to  be  the  ordinary  Mori 
both  of  the  Advancement  of  God's  Glory,  U 
Majefty's  Safety,  and  of  her  Subjedls  Profpcrlty 
the  Dew  of  the  Word  watering  and  bringing  for^ 
in  all  good  Chriftian  Confciences,  the  true  Kdov* 
ledge  and  Fear  of  God,  faithful  Love  and  ducO- 
bedience  unto  her  Majefty,  and  perfeft  Unity  il 
the  general  Society  of  this  Common-Wcal4 
And  the  Exercife  of  the  Sword  of  Difcipline  t 
cut  off,  reprefs  and  correft  all  Excefles  and  Enoi 
tending  to  the  Impeachment  of  all  good  Eftfl 
aforefaid.  Declaring  further  unto  her  Highnei 
that  her  Majefty's  Nobles  and  Commons  in  tM 
prefent  Parliament  aflembled,  had  very  careftiDf 
gravely,  and  dutifully  travelled  in  this  prefent  Sdf 
fion,  to  devife  and  ordain  good  and  wholfom 
Laws  for  thofe  Ends  and  Purpofes,  to  be  eftablifll' 
ed  and  allowed  by  her  Highnefs;  and  alfo,  fonn 
other  good  and  necefl'iry  Laws,  as  well  for  dk 
whole  State  of  the  Common-Wealth  in  genenl 
as  for  the  private  Benefit  and  neceflary  Relief  il 
fundry  her  Majefty's  particular  good  SubjeQs:  And 
fo  recommending  all  the  fame  unto  herHigbneft 
and  efpecially  two  of  them,  whereof  one  dolhchw 
ly  and  principally  tend  to  the  Bridling  and  Rcfirt|J 
ing  of  her  R^ajefty's  difobedient  and  obftinalcT  " 
jedts,  the  utter  Adverfarics  of  true  Religion, 
the  moft  pernicious  and  dang<erous  Enemies  of 
Highnefs's  moft  Royal  Per  fon.  Stale  and  Goi 
ment;  the  fecond,  for  the  due  Maintenance 
Prefervation  of  her  Majefty's  Honour,  good  Fa 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       jj3 

and  Dignity;  humbly  befought  her  Majefty  to  giveQ^5a,Ei;„be^   ' 
Life  unto  all  the  faid  Laws  by  her  Royal  Aflent.        is?"  ' 

And  then  yielding  uato  her  Highneis  moft  humble 
Thanks,  in  the  Name  of  the  whole  Houfe,  for  her 
Majefty's  moft  gracious  Acceptation  of  their  moft 
humble  Petition  unto  her  Highneis  for  Reformation 
of  fome  Abufes  yet  remaining  in  the  Church  j  and 
moft  humbly  renewing  the  fpeedy  Confideration 
thereof  unto  her  Majefty's  good  Remembrance  at 
her  good  Will  and  Pleafure,  did  further  moft  hum- 
bly befcerh  her  Highncfs,  in  the  Name  and  Behalf 
of  the  whole  State  of  the  Commons  of  her  Realm, 
that  her  Majefty  would  (at  their  moft  humble  Suit, 
the  rather)  have  a  vigilant  and  provident  Care  of 
the  Safety  of  her  moft  Royal  Perfon,  againft  the 
malicious  Attempts  of  fome  mighty  foieign  Enemies 
Abroad,  and  the  traiierous  Praftices  of  moft  un- 
natural difobedient  Subjects  both  Abroad  and  at 
Home,  envying  ihe  blefled  and  moft  happy  and 
quiet  Government  of  this  Realm  under  het  High- 
nefsi  upon  the  Thre;id  of  whole  Life  only,  next 
under  God,  dependeth  the  Lif^  and  whole  State 
and  Stay  of  every  her  good  and  dutiful  Subjefts.' 

'  And  withal,  that  it  might  pleafe  her  Highnefs 
to  have  fuch  good  Care  and  Regard  generally  for 
the  Maintenance  of  Mariners,  and  of  Nariga- 
tion,  the  very  Strength  and  Walls  of  her  Ma- 
jefty's Realms  and  Dominions,  as  may  feem  moft 
convenient  unto  her  Highnefs'a  moft  godly  Wif- 
dom  from  Time  to  Time.  And  fo  declaring, 
that  her  Majefty's  Nobles  and  Commons,  having 
had  Confideration  of  her  Highnefs's  great  Charges 
many  Ways  for  Defence  of  her  Realms  and  Peo- 
ple agninft  foreign  Enemies,  and  rebellious  Sufa- 
jcfts,  both  already  employed,  and  hereafter  to  be 
employed,  have  granted  unto  her  Highnefs  one 
Subftdy,  and  two  Fifteenths  and  Ttnthi,  which 
they  befought  her  Highnefs  to  accept  in  good  Part 
according  to  their  humble  Duties ;  and  gave  her 
Majefty  moft  humble  Thanks  for  her  Highnefs's, 
moft  gracious,  general  and  free  Pardon.' 

*  Which 

aj4    77^^  'Farliamentary  HisToar 

Qbeen  Eli«beth.  '  Which  done,  the  Lord  Chancellor  by  her 
1581.  Majefty'i  Commandment,  anfwering  very  excel- 
lently and  briefly  the  Parts  of  Mr.  Speaker's  Ora- 
tion, did  amongft  other  Things  deliver  her  Ma- 
TheLorfChin-jefty's  moft  heany  Tharks  unto  both  Houfes,  for 
tellor-i  Anfwcr.  their  great  and  good  Care  for  the  Safety  of  her 
Highncfs's  Perlbn,  and  alfo  of  her  Honour,  good 
Fame  and  Dignity;  not  yet  comprehending  with- 
in thole  general  Thanks,  fuch  Members  of  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  as  have  this  Seffion  dealt 
more  raflily  in  fome  Things  than  was  fit  for 
them  to  do;  and  giving  ihem  withal  like  hearty 
Thanks  for  the  faid  Contribution  of  a  Subfidy  and 
two  Fifieenths  and  Tenths,  in  that  it  was  granted 
as  wilhngly  and  frankly,  and  alfo  as  largely  and 
amply,  and  to  be  anfwered  as  fpeedily,  as  any  other 
like  ever  hath  been  ;  taking  the  fame  in  as  good 
Part  as  if  it  had  been  to  her  own  private  Ufe; 
where  in  very  deed  it  is  to  be  employed  to  the  ge- 
neral Service  and  Benefit  of  the  whole  Realm.' 
*  Then  giving  her  Royal  Aflent  to  fifteen  public 
and  fifteen  private  Blls,  [among  which  was  one 
for  theReltiiuiion  in  Blood  of  Philip,  Earl  of  /frun- 
dele,  eldeft  Son  to  the  late  Duke  of  Norfolk)  the 
Lord  Chancellor  prorogued  the  Parliament  to  thft 
14th  of  April.' 

We  have  now  another  Chain  of  Adj'ournmenl  ,, 
from  Time  to  'I'ime,  of  the  fame  Parliament,  fot' 
three  Years  more.  During  this,  except  the  Affaii' 
of  the  ftill  imprifon'd  Queen  of  ScQti  which  will 
be  treated  of  in  the  Sequel,  there  is  nothing  to  our 
Purpofe.  The  Prorogations  fucceeded  one  another 
in  this  Order:  From 
A,  R.  23,  /ipr.24ih(o  A.  R.  Jan.  18/A. 
May  ■i'jth.  Feb.  nth. 

June  i2lL  Mar.  nth. 

June  i2th.  Apr.  a6f*. 

July  2f:i.  May  2btb. 

Aug.  22d.  Oilr.  toti}. 

Oiir.  ^th.  25,  Nsv.  2pti 

a4,  N6V.  24//J.  Jan.  24. 

Dec.  $lh.  Apr.  19/*. 




fnf  ■ 



Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       iss 

On  which  laft  menlionedDay, //^nV  19th,  158},  Q 
tlie  Parliament  being  met,  the  Lord  Chancellor  de- 
livered a  Commidion  from  the  Queen,  direfled 
to  himlelf,   and  many  of  the  Peers,   to  the  Clerk 
of  Parliament  to  be  read.     By  which  Commiffion, 
which  is  very   long,    Including  the  Dates  of  all 
the  Prorogations  from  the  firft  Seflion  of  this  Par- 
liament, they  were'  authorized  to  dtilblve  it.     Ac-  "^ 
cordingly,  this  Parliament  was  dilTolved,  after  it"/ 
had  fubfifted,  in  a  very  unufual  Maanei,  very  near  ^ 
eleven  Years.  "* 

The  unhappy  Queen  of  Sals  had  now  been  a 
Prifonet  in  England  fifteen  Years,  under  the  Cuf- 
tody  of  the  Earl  of  Sbrewsbury,  at  Shfjiild- Mon- 
itor, in  Ybrkpire;  but  was,  about  thisTime,  taken 
from  thence  and  put  under  the  Cuftody  of  Sir 
Amias  Pavjkt  and  Sir  Dreue  Drury,  &t  Fotheringhay 
Cafili  in  Northampionjhire.  Mary  had  oftentimes 
rcprefented  the  Hiirdfliip  of  this  Imprifonment  to 
her  Kinfwoman  Elizabfth,  but  never  more  pathe- 
tically, than  in  a  long  Letter  (he  wrote  to  her, 
dated  at  Sheffield,  Nov.  8.  15H2.  Cambdeti  hath 
given  us  an  Abftiadt  of  this  Letter  from  the  Ori- 
ginal French,  (j)  in  which  the  poor  Prifoner  hath 
rcprefented  her  miferable  Ciife,  in  Words  that  would 
move  a  Heart  of  Adamant.  Our  Author  fays, 
that  Etizabelh  was  fenfibly  touched  with  this  Let- 
ter i  and  that  (he  and  her  Council  had  agreed  on 
fome  Terms,  on  which  Mary,  might  not  only  be 
releafed,  but  reftored  to  her  Kingdom,  and  have  a 
Share  in  the  Government  with  her  Son.  Oni; 
Article  of  which  was,  that  Mary  fhould  forbear 
lo  claim  any  Right  to  the  EngH/h  Crown,  during 
Queen  Elizabeth's  Life ;  and  afterwards,  be  con- 
tent to  refer  ihe  Tiile  of  Succcflion  to  the  Judg- 
ment of  an  Eriglijb  Parliament.  But  all  this  came 
to  nothing;  the  unhappy  Politics  of  both  King- 
doms, at  that  Time,  of  which  'PtetejlaiUifm  was 
the  Balis,  made  it  abfoluttly  necellary  that  this 
Foptfl)  Queen  fhould  not  only  be  kept  a  Prifoner, 
but  even  facrificed  for  its  Security. 


aj6     The  Tarliatnentary  Histokt. 

qoMBElMabttb,  As  lo  foieigii  Aftalrs,  ihe  growing  Greatnefs  of 
isSj.  Spmri  was  now  to  be  dreaded ;  the  Pope,  the  Cardi- 
nah,  and  all  the  Italian  Princes,  were  in  that  Inle- 
reft.  The  Houfe  of  Auflria,  alfo,  was  linked  to 
Hi  add  to  ihis,  the  late  Acquiliilon  of  Porlugal^ 
with  the  immeni'e  Riches  of  Mexico  and  Pentf 
ui:i.AcPhilip  far  more  powerful  and  formidaiile  than 
ever  his  Father  Charki  V.  was.  And,  fince  now 
that  William  Prince  of  Orange  and  Framis  Duke 
of  J?!Jou  were  both  dead,  if  he  fliould  once  re- 
duce the  Nelherlaadi  under  his  Power,  all  the 
Princes  in  Chrijlemlom  muft  lubmit  to  Spain-,  and 
to  an  univerfal  Monarchy,  (r) 
,  Whilft  Things  were  in   this  Situation  Abroad, 

Queen  Elizabeth  thought  proper  to  call  a  new  Par- 
liament at  Home,  the  Exigences  of  the  Times 
requiring  it.  Writs  were  fent  out  for  one  to  meet 
at  WeJimlnJleT,  on  the  23d  Uay  of  NnvembeTt  in 
the  27th  Year  of  this  Reign,  {s) 

The  Jsurnals  of  the  Lords  are  now  a  little  more 
>  "°i=ac?'  ^''  P3t'ii^i*l3f  in  the  Recital  of  their  daily  Proceedings, 

Ac  Weiiminftcr,  Chan  of  late  Years.  We  are  told  that,  on  the 
Meeiing,  the  Lord  Cliancellor,  Brornley,  opened 
the  Caufe  of  the  Summons,  by  the  Queen's  Com- 
mand, being  feated  011  the  Throne,  in  a  fhort,  but 
accurate  Speech  for  that  Purpofe-  (')  The  Re- 
ceivers and  Tryers  of  Peti-.lons,  according  to  an- 
lient  Cuftom,  facing  appointed,  in  French,  ihenext 
Day  the  Commons  prefenied  Jehn  Puckering  Efq; 

John  PuckerinB,  Serjeaul  at  Law,  to  the  Queen,  for  their  Speaker, 

who,  with   the  nfui!  Ceremonies,  was  admiticd^^_ 
No  particular  Speeches  being  entered,    in  eithi 
Journal,  at  the  Meeting  of  this  Parliament. 

On   the    21II  of  Dectmber,  [he  Queen  by  heQ| 
Letters  Paseiits,  adjourned  die  Parliament  lo  tbt 

(r)  About  thk  Tims  itif  tlti;=n  publlHied  a  Declnatiorl  of  d 
CivSt=  minTQE  het  to  pie  Aid,  tur  ths  Dstincc  of  [he  People  >ffic3 
icd  vA  uppt^ed  in  the  Lnu  ttialria.    Sa  Cuubden  in  J^feltJieS^ 
Pogr  6;^ 

(1}  Uagdsle  hja  omitted  this  SuwrnonJi 


6/  E  N  (i  L  A  N  D.     tisf 

'February  following,  on  account  of  Chrj^-  Queen  Elmbeti. 

'0  Days  before  the  faid  Adjournment  hap*^ 
a  remarkable  Bill  was  fent  up  by  the 
ions,  entitled,  A  BUI  againft  Jesuits^ 
ry  Priefts,  and  other  fuch  difibedient  Perfous. 
5  firft  Day  of  their  Meeting,  after  the  Ad- 
letit,  this  Bill  was  reafTumed ;  and  on  the  iirft  * 

g  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  was  committed  to 
mittee  of  four  Bifliops  and  nine  Temporal 
We  hear  no  more  of  this  Bill  till  March 
*,  when  a  Conference  was  defired  by  th6 
Houfe  with  fotne  of  the  Lords  about  it. 
;  fame  Day  another  was  fent  up  with  this 
An  Jf£f  fbr  the  Security  of  her  Majejfy'i 
\eyal  Per/on^  and  continuing  the  Realm  in 

ch  15/*,  the  Jefiiitfs  Bill  paffed  the  ttoufe  of 
vith  Ibme  Amendments,  agreed  to  by  hothj^"yjfj^s<!lS^ 
,  and  afterwards  became  a  Sutute  («).  By  f^pricib,  &c;  " 
enafted,  '  That  they,  and  all  other  Popijh 
s,  Ihould  depart  the  Realm  within  forty 
That  ihole  who  (hould  afterwards  returri 
the  Kingdom,  ftiould  be  guilty  of  High^ 
ifi.  That  he,  who  fhall  wittingly  and 
gly  harbour,  relieve,  and  maintain  them, 
d  be  guilty  of  Rlony ;  That  thofe  EngHjB 
(vere  brought  tip  in  Seminaries  Abroad,  if 
returned  within  fix  Months  after  Notice 
,  and  fubmitted  not  themfelves  to  the 
tij  before  a  Bifliop  or  two  Juftices,  they 
1  be  guilty  of  High-lrea/bn.  And  if  any^ 
bmitttng  themfelves,  fhould  within  teil 
:  approach  the  Queen's  Court,  or  come 
1  ten  Miles  thereof,  their  SubmiflSon  (hould 
id.  That  they,  who  by  any  Means  what- 
',  (hould  fend  or  convey  over  any  Money 
idents  in  fuch  Seminaries,  (hould  incur  the 
ty  of  a  Pramunire  [x).  That  if  any  of 
eers  of  the  Realm,  Dakes,  Marquifle^y 
.IV.  R  '  Vif- 

'hden  in  Kennet.  Page  50^. 

at  is  perpeuir  |:xUe  and  Loft  of  lU  ddr  Coo^' 



158     Ihe  '^arltamentary  H  istort. 

,*  Vifcounts,  or  Barons  of  Parliament,  fliould  of- 

*  fend  againft  ihefe  Laws,  he  ihould  be  brought  lo 

*  his  Trial  by  his  Peers,    Thatif  any  (bouldlcnow 

*  of  any  fuch  'Jefults,  or  other  Priefts,  above  livid, 
'  lurking  within  the  Realm,  and  fliould  not  difco- 
'  ver  (hem  within  twelve  Days,  he  fhould  be  6tied 

*  and  impriloned  at  the  Queen's  Pleafure.  That 
'  if  any  Man  ihould  be  fulpefted  to  be  a  Jefuit  or 

*  Prieft,  aforefaid,  and  not  fubmit  himfeif  to  Exa- 
'  mination,  he  fhould,  for  his  Contemptj  be  im- 
'  prifored  till  he  did  fubmit.     Thai  he  who  fliould 

*  fend  hi5  Children,  or  any  others,  to  Seminaries 
'  and  Colleges  of  the  Psptjb  ProfelTion,  ihould  be 

*  fined  one  Hundred  Pounds  £«£/(}*  Money  1  And 
'  that  thofe,  who  were  (o  fent  chiiher,  fliould  not 
'  fucceed  as  Heirs,  nor  enjoy  any  Eftates,  which 
'  ihould  any  Way  fall  to  them  ;   the  like  for  all 

*  fufh  as  fliould  not  return  Home  from  the  faid  Se- 
'  minaries,  within  a  Year,  unlefs  they  did  conform 

*  themfelvesto  the  Church  of  England.  Thatif 
'  the  Wardens  or  Officers  of  the  Ports  ihould  per- 

*  mit  any  others,  beiides  Seamen. or  Merchants,  to 
'  crofs  the  Seas,  without  Licence  from  the  Queen 

*  or  iix  Privy- Counfcllors,  they  fhould  be  put  out 
'  of  their  Places ;  and  the  Mailers  of  fuch  Ships 
'  as  carried  them,  fiiould  forfeit  their  Ships  and 

*  Goods,  and  fuffer  Impiifonment  for  a  whole 
»  Year.' 

it  niuft  be  allow'd  that  ihe  Policy  of  this  Afi 
is  worthy  the  Contrivance  of  a  Cecd  and  a  l-Fal- 
fingham ;  the  two  principal  Minifters  of  this  Reign. 
By  it.  Popery  was  not  only  eradicated  and  driven 
out  of  the  Kingdom,  but  every  Cranny  llopp'd 
up  to  prevent  iis  Reiurn.  Cambden  informs  us 
that  the  Bill  mec  with  no  Oppolition,  in  either 
Houfe,  but,  only,  from  one  Member  of  the  Com- 
mons, This  Man's  Name  was  Ifdliam  Parry,  a 
ff^lchman,  and  a  Civilian  j  who,  pleading  againit 
it,  faid,  that  it  was  a  iruely  bk'jdy  and  dejperatr 
Law,  and  wauld  be  of  pernicious  Csnjequince  to  the 
Englifh  Nation.  Being  defired  to  fhew  his  Reafons, 
he  obftinately  lefufedj  unlefs  it  was  beiore  the 

Of   ENGLAND.      jj-j 

Queen's  Council.     Upon  this  he  was  taken  inioQa"' 
Cuftody  i  but,  his  Reafons  being  afterwards  heard,        ' 
and  Submiffion  made,   he  was  admiited  ag:iiti  into 
ihe  Houfe.  Tho*,  thfs  zealous  Man  had  better  have 
held  his  Tongue;  for,  very  foon  after,  he  was  ac-       y 
cuted  of  beicg  in  a  Plot  to  fubveri  the  Govern- 
menr,    and   lake  away  the  Queen's  Life;    was 
found  guilty  and  executed,  as  a  Traitor  for  it,  be- 
fore the   Pa!acc-Gate  at  IVeJfminJier,  whilfl:    the 
Parliament  was  yet  fitting  (y). 

Another  Ilrong  Bulwark 'was  framed  this  Par- 
lianvnt,  for  Support  of  the  prefent  Government; 
and  that  v/as  a  Bill  mentioned  bd"ore,  for  the 
Surety  of  the  Qyeen's  Royal  Perfon,  and  the  Con- 
tinuance of  Peace  in  the  Realm.  This  was  a 
Stroke,  aimed,  direiftly,  at  the  Queen  of  Scon  and 
her  Title,  and  whoever  dutft  attempt  to  fet  it  up. 
■It  was  read  a  third  Time  in  the  Hoiife  of  Lords 
"  and  paffed,  Marth  ihe  13/^i  and  by  it  an  AJfocia- 
tien,  as  it  is  here  called,  was  eilabliflied  i  the  firlt 
of  this  Kind  we  have  yet  met  with.  Thereby  it 
was  enafled, 

'  That  Twenty  four,  or  more,  of  the  Privy-  ^«  ^^  ff  'j"* 
*  Council  and  Houfe  of  Lord?,    to  be  deputed  by  (Z^'n's  Vcifon! 
'  the  Queen's  Commiflion,  (hould  make  Inquilition 
'  after  all  fuch  as  (hould  invade  the  Kingdom,  rail'e 

Rebellion,  or  aUempt  to  hurt  or  deftroy  the 
'  Qi.ieen's  Perfon,  for  or  by  whomfoever  em- 
'■  ployed  that  might  lay  Claim  to  the  Crown  of 
'  England.  And  that  the  Perfon,  for  whom  or 
'  by  whom  they  fhould  attempt  the  fame,  ihould 
■  be  utterly  uncapable  of  any  Title  to  the  Crown, 
'  be  deprived  wholly  of  all  Right  to  it,  and  pro- 
I*  fecuted  to  Death  by  all  faithful Subjeias;  if  the 
■"  Perfon  fhould  be  judged,  by  thefe  Twenty  fout 
'  Men,  to  be  guihy  ot  fuch  Rebellion,  Invafion, 
[  or  treafonable  Atiempi,  and  by  publick  Procla- 
1  maiion  fo  declared.' 

1  Thefe  fevereLaw?,  which  however,  hysCamb- 

lr«,  the  Neceflities  ol  the  Times  required,  drove: 

R  2  the 

f  J  See  Ce;iSA,i 

,  P»i?e;ol,"6r 




uncof  111 


3D.I  Pa 

T.'i  Conicljign 







0  139S- 


^L  Qgeeollui]: 

•M      mwmmw 

aj8     The  Tarliametitary'HisroKT. 



Qgeeolliiibeib.*  Vifcounts,  or  Barons  of  Parliament,  fhould  of- 

*  fend  againft  there  Laws,  he  Ihould  be  t>rought  to 

*  his  Trial  by  his  Peers.  That  if  any  fhould  know 
'  of  any  fuch  y^'f^j  or  other  Priefts,  above  fa  id, 
'  lurking  within  the  Realm,  and  fhould  not  difco- 
'  vet  them  within  twelve  Days,  he  fhould  be  fined 
'  and  imprifoned  at  the  Queen's  Pleafurc.  That 
'  if  any  Man  (hould  be  fufpefled  to  be  a  'Jijuit  or 
'  Prieft,  aforefaid,  and  not  fubmit  htmfelf  to  Exa- 
'  miration,  he  fliould,  for  his  Contempt,  be  im- 

*  prifoncd  lill  he  did  fubmit.     That  he  who  fhould 

*  fend  his  Children,  or  any  others,  to  Seminaries 
'  and  Colleges  of  the  Popijb  Profeffion,  Ihould  be 

*  fined  one  Hundred  Pounds  Engli/h  Money :  And 

*  that  thoJe,  who  were  fo  fent  tbuher,  fhould  not 
'  fucceed  as  Htirs,  nor  enjoy  any  Eftates,  which 
»  fhould  any. Way  fall  to  them  ;   ihe  like  for  all 

*  fuch  as  fhould  not  return  Home  from  the  faid  Se- 
'  minaries,  within  a  Year,  unlels  they  did  conform 

*  themfeives  to  the  Church  of  England.     That  if 

*  the  Wardens  or  Officers  of  the  Ports  fhould  per- 
'  mit  any  others,  beiides  Seamen. or  Merchants,  to 

*  crofs  the  Seas,  without  Licence  from  the  Queen 
«  or  fix  Privy-Counfellors,  they  fhould  be  pur  out 

*  of  their  Places ;    and  the  Matters  of  fuch  Ships 

*  as  carried  them,  fnould  forfeit  their  Ships  and 

*  Goods,  and   fufFer  Imprifonment  for  a  whule 

*  Year." 
It  nmft  be  allow'd  that  the  Policy  of  this  Aft 

is  worthy  the  Contrivance  of  a  Ctiil  and  a  ll^al- 
fingbam  ;  the  two  principal  Minifters  of  this  Reign. 
By  it.  Popery  was  not  only  eradicated  and  driven 
out  of  the  Kingdom,  but  every  Cranny  ftopp'd 
up  to  prevent  its  Return.  Cambden  informs  us 
that  the  Bill  met  with  noOppolition,  in  either 
Houfei  but,  only,  fiom  one  Member  of  the  Com- 
mons. This  Man's  Name  was  Jf'ilUam  Parry,  a 
Wekhmnn^  and  a  Civilidn ;  who,  pleading  againft 
it,  faid,  that  //  was  a  cvuel^  hkudy  and  dejperau 
Law,  end  would  be  ef  pernicious  Conjeguence  to  tht 
Englifh  Wur/un.  Beingdefired  tofhewhisReafons, 
he  obftinately  lefufed,  unleft  it  was  beiorc  the " 

Of   ENGLAND.      aj<) 

Queen's  Council.     Upon  this  he  was  rafcen  intoQa*" 
Cuftody  ;  hut,  his  Reafons  being  afrerwards  heatJ,        ' 
and  SubmilTion  made,   he  was  adraiUed  again  into 
ihc  Houfe.  Tho',  this  zealous  Man  had  better  have 
held  his  Tongue ;  for,  very  loon  after,  he  was  ac-       ^ 
cufed  of  being  in  a  Plot  to  fubvcrt  the  Govern- 
ment,   and   take  away  the  Queen's  Life;    was 
found  guilty  and  executed,  as  a  Traitor  for  it,  be- 
fore the  Palace-Gate  at  IVeJtniinJlery  whilft   the 
Parliament  was  yet  fitting  (y). 

Another  ftrong  Bulwark"was  framed  this  Par- 
liament, for  Support  of  the  prefent  Governmeni; 
and  that  was  a  Hill   mentioned  before,    for  the 
I  -Surety  of  the  Qiieen's  Royal  Perfon,  and  the  Con- 
inuance  of  Peace   in   the  Realm.     This  was  a 
Ittroke,  aimed,  diredly,  at  the  Queen  of  Scsts  and 
feer  Titlcj   and  whoever  dutft  attempt  to  fet  it  up. 
l*$t  was  read  a  third  Time  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords 
r-ltod  pafled,  March  the  lyh;  and  by  it  an  Affada- 
\  itien,  as  it  is  here  called,  was  eilablifhed ;  the  fii  ft 
|-of  this  Kind  we  have  yet  met  with.     Thereby  it 
■(has  enadled, 

'  That  Twenty  four,  or  more,  of  the  Privy-  ^"  *' 
f  Council  and  Houfe  of  Lords,  to  be  deputed  by  {C^' 
'  the  Queen's  Commiffion,  fhould  make  Inquiiition 
■  after  all  fuch  as  ihould  invade  the  Kingdom,  rail'e 
•  Rebellion,  or  attempt  to  hurt  or  deftroy  the 
'  Qiieen's  Perfon,  for  or  by  whomfoever  em- 
'  ployed  that  might  lay  Claim  to  the  Crown  of 
'  England.  And  that  the  Perfon,  for  whom  or 
'  by  whom  they  fhould  attempt  the  fame,  ihould 
'  be  utterly  uncapable  of  any  Title  to  the  Crown, 
'  be  deprived  wholly  of  all  Right  lo  it,  and  pro- 
i  fecuted  to  Death  by  all  faithful  Subjeifis;  if  the 
'  Perfon  fhould  be  judged,  by  thefc  Twenty  tour 
f  Men,  to  be  guilty  of  fuch  Rebellion,  Invafion, 
'  or  treafonable  Attempt,  and  by  publick  Procla- 
'  mation  fo  declared.' 
Thefe  feveieLaws,  which  however,  i'aysCamb- 
W:4ifi,  the  Neceflines  ol  the  Times  required,  drove 
R  2  the 

fyt  Sec  CarnhJcn,  Fa^E  ;o 
Coofpiticy  on.!  Parr  's  Confc 
baHi  Piffi  13^1  CO  '39!' 


ajS     'The  Parliamentary  Htsrov.r. 

h.'  Vifcounts,  oc  Barons  of  Parliament,  fhould  of- 
'  fend  againft  thefe  Laws,  he  Oiould  be  brought  to 

*  his  Tnal  by  his  Peers.  That  if  any  ftould  know 
'  of  any  fuch  7^"'">  or  other  Ptielts,  above  faid, 
'  lurking  within  the  Realm,  andlhould  not  difco- 

*  ver  them  within  twelve  Days,  he  fhould  be  fined 
'  and  imprilbned  at  the  Qyeen's  Pleafurc.  That 
'  if  any  Man  (hould  be  fulpedted  lo  be  a  yejhit  or 

*  Prieft,  aforelaiii,  and  not  fubmit  hiinfclf  to  Exa- 
'  mination,  he  fhouW,  for  his  Contempt,  be  im- 

*  prifoned  till  he  did  fuboiit.  That  he  who  ihould 
'  fenJ  his  Children,  or  any  others,  to  Seminaries 

*  and  Colleges  of  the  Papijb  Profeflion,  Ihould  be 
'  fined  one  Hundred  Pounds  EngUJh  Money :  And 

*  that  thofe,  who  were  (o  fent  [hither,  fliould  not 

*  fucceed  as  Heirs,  nor  enjoy  any  Eftates,  which 
'  fhould  any.Way  fall  to  them  ;   the  like  for  all 

*  fuch  as  fliould  not  return  Home  from  the  faid  Se- 

*  minaries,  within  a  Year,  unlefs  they  did  conform 

*  themfelves  to  the  Church  of  England,  That  if 
'  the  Wardens  or  Officers  of  the  Ports  fhould  per- 

*  mit  any  others,  beiides  Seamen. or  Merchants,  to 
'  crofs  the  Seas,  without  Licence  from  the  Queen 
.<  or  fix  Privy- Counfellors,  they  fhould  be  pui  out 
«  of  their  Places  j    and  thtt  Mailers  of  fuch  Ships 

*  as  carried  them,  (hould  forfeit  their  Ships  and 

*  Goods,  and  fuffer  Impufonment  for  a  whole 
«  Year.' 

It  nnill  be  allow'd  that  the  Policy  of  this  Aft 
is  worthy  the  Contrivance  of  a  Cei'd  and  a  IPal- 
fingham ;  the  two  principal  Minifters  of  this  Reign. 
By  it,  Papery  was  not  only  eradicated  and  driven 
out  of  the  Kingdom,  hut  every  Cranny  ftopp'd 
up  to  prevent  its  Reiurn.  Cambien  informs  us 
that  the  Bill  met  with  no  Oppofition,  in  either 
Houfe>  but,  only,  from  one  Member  of  the  Com- 
mons. This  Man's  Name  was  WilUam  Parry,  a 
Wekhman^  and  a  Civilijn  ;  who,  pleading  againlb 
it,  faid,  that  it  was  a  nuel,  bhtidy  and  dtjpemlr 
haxv,  and  would  be  of  pernicious  Canjtguenee  to  the 
Englifh  Nation.  Being  defired  lolhewhisReafons, 
he  obftinately  refufed,  unlefs  it  was  beiore  the 

Of   ENGLAND.      255 

Queen's  Council.     Upon  this  he  was  taken  intoQ!l«''EUzabeth; . 
Cuftody  ;  hut,  his  Reafons  being  afterwards  heard,        ^'^5- 
and  SubmiiTion  made,   lie  was  admiiied  again  into 
the  Houfe.  Tho',  this  zealous  Man  had  tietter  have 
held  his  Tongue ;  for,  very  loon  after,  he  was  ac-  .^^^^^ 
cufed  of  being  in  a  Plot  to  fubverc  the  Govern-  "'^'^ 
ment,    and   take  avray  the   Queen's  Life;    was 
found  guilty  and  executed,  as  a  Traitor  for  it,  be- 
fore the   Palace-Gate  at  IVeflminper^  whilft   the 
Parliament  was  yet  fitting  (>;. 

Another  (Irong  Bulwark' was  framed  this  Par- 
liament, for  Support  of  the  prelent  Ggvernment; 
and  that  v/as  a  Bill    mentioned  brfore,    for  the 
Surety  of  the  Qiicen's  Royal  Perfon,  and  the  Con- 
W^uance  of  Peace   in   the  Realm.     This  was  a 

L'iBlTake,  .aimed,  direflly,  at  the  Queen  ol  Beats  and 
ler  Title,  and  whoever  dutft  attempt  to  let  it  up. 
'e  was  read  a  third  Time  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords 
Bid  paffed,  March  the  iyh;  and  by  it  an  Affhaa- 
Mwff,  as  it  is  here  called,  was  eftablidiedi  the  firft 
l-of  this  Kind  we  have  yet  met  with.  Thereby  it 
Jcas  enadied, 

'  That  Twenty  four,  or  more,  of  the  Privy-  '^  ^^  f"'  ^^ 

%^  Council  and  Houfe  of  Lord",    to  be  deputed  by  qS's  "pcironl 
.*  the  Queen's  Commif!ion,  fhould  make  Inquifision 

*  after  all  fuch  as  Ihould  invade  the  Kingdom,  raife 

*  Rebellion,  or  attempt  to  hurt  or  deftroy  the 
U*  Queen's  Perfon,  for  or  by  whomfoever  em- 
p  ployed  that  might  lay  Claim  to  the  Crown  of 
W*  England,  And  that  the  Perfon,  for  whom  or 
M  by  whom  they  fhould  attempt  the  fame,  fliould 

*  be  utterly  uncapable  of  any  Title  to  the  Crown, 

*  be  deprived  wholly  of  all  Right  to  it,   and  pro- 

*  fecuted  to  Death  by  ail  faithful  Subje^s ;    if  the 
'  Perfon  Oiould  be  judged,  by  thefe  Twenty  four 

*  Men,  to  be  guilty  ot  fuch  Rebellion,  Invafion, 
'  or  ircafonable  Attempt,    and  by  publick  Procla- 

*  mation  fo  declared." 
Thele  fevereLaws,  which  however,  (sysCami- 

den,  the  Neceflities  ol  the  Timw  required,  drove 
R  2  the 

fyl  Sit  CaniMf,  Pa^t  ;ol,  STr.  Airo,  a  long  Accaunr  of  thii 
CDaTpiracy  aoA  ?arr.  's  ConldTiaii,  (^(.  in  Hdlingfriii''.  Ciimcl;, 
&Bft  Pule  1384,  to  1395. 

aj8     'the  Tarliamentary  H  istort. 



QaienEKMlieth,'  Vifcounts,  or  Baions  of  Parliament,  fliould  of- 
s^s-       '  fend  a^inft  thefe  Laws,  he  ihould  be  brought  to 

*  his  Trial  by  his  Peers.  That  if  atiy  fhould  know 
'  of  any  (uch  5'^''"i  or  other  Priefts,  above  laid, 
'  lurking  within  the  Realm,  andfliould  not  difco- 
'  ver  ih^m  within  twelve  Days,  he  fhould  be  fined 

*  and  impiifoned  at  the  Qyeeii's  Picafurc.  That 
'  if  any  Man  Ihould  be  fulpefted  to  be  a  Jefuit  or 
'  Prieft,  aforefaid,  and  not  fubmit  himfelf  to  Exa- 
'  mination,  he  fliould,  for  his  Contempt,  be  im- 
'  prifoned  till  he  did  fubmit.     That  he  who  fhould 

*  fend  his  Children,  or  any  olhere,  to  Seminaries 

*  and  Colleges  of  the  Popijb  Profeition,  ihould  be 
'  fined  one  Hundred  Pounds  ^B^/iA  Money ;  And 
'  that  thofe,  who  were  fo  fent  thither,  Ihould  not 
'  fucceed  as  Heirs,   nor  enjoy  any  Eftates,  which 

*  Ihould  any  Way  fall  to  them ;   the  like  for  all 

*  fuch  as  fliould  not  return  Home  from  the  faid  Se- 

*  minaries,  within  a  Year,  unlels  ihey  did  conform 

*  themfelves  to  the  Church  of  England.  That  if 
'  the  Wardens  or  Officers  of  the  Ports  fliould  per- 
'  mil  any  others,  befides  Seamen. or  Merchants,  to 
»  crofs  the  Seas,  without  Licence  from  the  Queen 

*  or  (ix  Privy- Counfcllors,  they  fhould  be  put  out 
'  of  [heir  Places ;  and  the  Maflers  of  fuch  Ships 
'  as  carried  them,  fnould  forfeit  their  Ships  and 

*  Goods,  and  fuffer  Impiiibnment  for  a  whole 
»  Year.' 

It  nuift  be  allow'd  that  the  Policy  of  thii  Ail 
is  worthy  the  ConirivAnce  of  a  Cecil  and  a  //-ii/- 
fingham ;  the  two  principal  Minifters  of  this  Reign. 
By  it.  Popery  was  not  only  eradicated  and  driven 
out  of  the  Kingdom,  but  every  Cranny  flopp'd 
up  to  prevent  its  Return.  Cambden  informs  us 
that  the  Bill  met  wiih  no  Oppohtion,  in  either 
Houfe,  but,  only,  from  one  Member  of  the  Com- 
mon?. This  Man's  Name  was  IVilliam  Parry,  a 
tVelthmanj  and  a  Civilian  ;  who,  pleading  againft 
it,  faid,  that  it  was  a  itvely  bk'jdy  and  dejptrat* 
Laiv,  and  tvouid  if  of  penicieus  Conjcguince  to  the 
Englifli  Nation.  Being  delired  to  fliew  hisReafons, 
he  obHinately  lefufed,  unlefs  it  was  be;ore  the 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      259 

Queen's  Council.     Upon  ihis  he  was  taken  intoQa^nEllubetbi 
Cuftody  ;  but,  his  Reafons  being  afterwards  heard,        's^*' 
and  Sobtniffion  made,   he  was  admitted  ag;iin  into 
the  Houfe.  Tho',  this  zealous  Man  had  better  have 
held  his  Tongue;  for,  very  foon  after,  hewasac-  ^jr^^l^^ 
cufcd  of  being  in  a  Plot  to  fubvert  the  Govern-       ^-^^  . 
ment,    and   take  away  the   Queen's  Life;    w^as 
found  guilty  and  executed,  as  a  Traitor  for  it,  be- 
fore the  Palace-Gate  at  JFeJlminftery  whtlft   the 
Parliament  was  yet  filtiug  (yj. 

Another  ftrong  Bulwark  "was  framed  this  Par- 
liament, for  Support  of  the  prefeni  Government; 
and  that  v/as  a  Bill  mentioned  brfbre,  for  the 
Surety  of  the  Queen's  Royal  Pcrfon,  and  the  Con- 
tinuance of  in  the  Realm.  This  was  a 
Stroke,  aimed,  diredtly,  at  the  Queen  of  Scots  and 
her  Title,  and  whoever  durft  attetnpt  to  let  it  up. 
It  was  read  a  third  Time  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords 
■  and  paffed,  March  the  ilth;  and  by  it  an  AJficla- 
tian,  as  it  is  here  caHed,  was  ellabliOied;  the  firll: 
of  this  Kind  we  have  yet  met  with.  Thereby  it 
was  enafled, 

*  That  Twenty  four,  or  more,  of  thePrivv-  '^^  ^a  f™  tb« 
,•  Council  and  Houfe  of  Lords,  to  be  deputed  by  ^^fvzibl 
;'  the  Queen's  Commiifion,  fhould  make  Inquifiiion 

*  after  all  fuch  as  fhould  invade  the  JCiitgdom,  raife 

*  Rebellion,  or  attempt  to  hurt  or  deftroy  the 

*  Qiieen's  Perfon,  for  or   by  whomfoever   em- 

*  ployed  that  might  lay  Claim  to  the  Crown  of 

*  England.  And  that  the  Perfon,  for  whom  or 
'  by  whom  they  fhould  attempt  the  fame,  fhould 

*  be  utterly  uncapable  of  any  Title  to  the  Crown, 

*  be  deprived  wholly  of  all  Right  to  it,  and  pro- 
'  fecutcd  to  Deuth  by  all  faithful  Subjefls;  if  the 
'  Perfon  ftioulil  be  judged,  by  thefe  Twenty  four 

*  Men,  to  be  guilty  ot  fuch  Rebellion,  InvaJion, 

*  or  Ircafonabie  Attempt,    and  by  publick  Procla- 

*  maiion  (b  deciared,' 
Thefe  fevereLaws,  which  however,  faysCaffli- 

itHj  the  Ncccffities  ol  ihe  Times  required,  drove 
R  2  the 

fji  %ee  CamUtn,  Pt(,e  ;oi,"£ff.  Alfo,  a  Igng  Account  of  thiE 
Coorplricj  ami  Pai-c, '.  Conl'tirion,  &,:  in  Hailing/bead- s  Chnmcl', 
tiaht  F^e  I3&f,  id  1395. 

ajS     The  Tarliatnentary  HisroKj, 

Q^utenlliiibtih.*  Vifcounts,  or  Barons  of  Parliament,  fliould  of- 
s^S'       '  fend  againft  ihefe  Laws,  he  fliould  be  brought  to 

*  his  Tnal  by  his  Peers-  That  if  any  (hould  know 
'  of  any  (uch  y^f/Z/i,  or  other  Priells,  above  fa  id, 

*  lurking  within  the  Realm,  and  Ihould  not  difco- 
'  ver  them  within  twelve  Days,  he  (houtdbe  fined 

*  and  imprifoned  at  the  Queen's  Pleafure.  Tliat 
'  if  any  Man  (hould  be  fulpefled  to  be  a  Je/uil  or 

*  Prieft,  aforefaid,  and  not  fubmit  himfelf  to  £xa- 
'  mination,  he  fliould,  for  his.  Contempt,  be  im- 
'  prifoncd  till  he  did  fubmit.  That  he  who  Jhould 
'  fend  his  Children,  or  any  others,  to  Seminaries 
'  and  Colleges  of  the  Papijb  Profeflion,  fhould  he 
'  fined  one  Hundred  Pounds  £n^lifi  Money ;  And 

*  that  thofe,  who  were  fo  fent  thither,  fliould  not 
'  fucceed  as  Heirs,   nor  enjoy  any  Eftates,  which 

*  fhould  any  Way  fall  to  ihem  ;   the  like  for  all 

*  fuch  as  fhould  not  return  Home  from  the  faid  Se- 

*  minaries,  within  a  Year,  uulefs  they  did  conform 

*  themfelves  to  the  Church  of  England.  That  if 
'  the  Wardens  or  Officers  of  the  Ports  fliould  per- 

*  niit  any  others,  belides  feamenor  Merchants,  to 

*  crofs  the  Seas,  without  Licence  from  the  Queen 
,*  or  fix  Privy- Counfellors,  they  fliould  be  put  out 
'  of  their  Places;    and  the  Mailers  of  fuch  Ships 

*  as  carried  them,  fliould  forfeit  their  Ships  and 

*  Goods,  and  fuffer  Impitfonment  for  a  whole 
»  Year." 

It  mvift  be  allow'd  that  the  Policy  of  this  A^ 
is  worthy  the  Contrivance  of  a  Cecil  and  a  l^ai- 
fingham  %  the  two  principal  Miniftersof  this  Reign. 
By  it.  Popery  was  not  only  eradicated  and  driven 
out  of  the  Kingdom,  hut  every  Cranny  ftopp'd 
up  to  prevent  iis  Remrn.  Camhdfn  informs  as 
that  the  Bill  met  with  no  Oppolition,  in  either 
Houle,  but,  only,  from  one  Member  of  the  Com- 
mon?. This  Man's  Name  was  IVilliam  Parry,  a 
fVfkhman,  and  a  Civilian  i  who,  pleading  againft 
it,  faid,  that  //  was  a  cruel,  bh'jdy  and  dejperate 
Law,  and  would  be  sf  pernicious  Canjeguence  to  the 
Englifii  Nation.  Being  defired  to  fliew  hisRcafons, 
he  obftinately  tefufed,  unlefs  it  was  beiore  the 

W  0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      255 

Queen's  Council.     Upon  this  he  was  tafcen  !n[oQH"nEliiiljnh; 
Cuftody  ;  but,  his  Rea/bns  being  afterwards  heard,        ^^^^' 
and  Submifiion  made,   he  was  admitted  again  into 
the  Houfe.  Tho',  thfE  zealous  Man  had  better  have 
held  his  Tongue ;  for,  very  foon  after,  he  was  ac-  .^^i^"- 
cufcd  of  being  in  a  Plot  to  fubvert  the  Govern-  "'"^" 
ment,    and   take  away  the  Queen's  Life;    was 
found  guilty  and  executed,  as  a  Traitor  for  it,  be- 
fore the  Palace-Gate  at  Tyeflminjfer,  whilft   the 
Parliament  was  yet  fitting  (yj. 

Another  ftrong  Bulwark'was  framed  this  Par- 
liament, for  Support  of  the  prefeni  Government; 
and  that  v/as  a  IJill   mentioned  before,    for  the 

I    Surety  of  the  Qiieen's  Royal  Ptrfon,  and  the  Con- 
tinuance of  Peace   in   the  Realm.     This  was  a 
Stroke,  aimed,  direftly,  at  the  Queen  of  Scots  and 
her  Title,   and  whoever  durft  attempt  to  fet  it  up. 
■It  was  read  a  third  Time  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords 
•  and  paBed,  March  the  13/ii  and  by  it  an  AJfacia- 
tisui  as  it  is  here  called,  was  ellabliflied ;  the  firll 
of  this  Kind  we  have  j'et  met  with.     Thereby  it 
was  cradled, 
'  That  Twenty  four,  ot  more,  of  the  Privy-  ■^"  ^^  f°'  ^^' 
'*  Council  and  Houfe  of  Lords,    to  be  deputed  by  w[-s  pHfon! 
J*  iheQueen'sCommiilion,  (hould  makeInquifi:ion 
*  after  all  fuch  as  fhouJd  invade  the  Kingdom,  raife 
*  Rebellion,  or  attempt  to  hurt  or  dellroy  the 
'  Qyeen's  Perfon,  for  or   by  whomfoever  em- 

*  ployed  that  might  lay  Claim  to  the  Crown  of 

*  England.     And  that  the  Perfon,  for  whom  or 

*  by  whom  they  {hould  attempt  the  fame,  fliould 

*  be  utterly  uncapable  of  any  Title  to  the  Crown, 

*  be  deprived  wholly  of  all  Right  to  it,   and  pro- 

*  fecuted  to  Death  by  all  faithful  Subjects;    if  the 

*  Perfon  (hould  be  judged,  by  thefe  Twenty  fout 

*  Men,  to  be  guilty  of  luch  Rebellion,  Invafion, 

*  or  treafonable  Attempt,    and  by  publick  Procla- 

*  mation  fo  declared.' 
Thefe  feveteLaws,  which  however,  faysCtfWi- 

dntj  the  Ncceflities  ol  the  Times  required,  drove 
R  2  the 

(j)  SetCjimhJa 
CoDTpiTacy  anH  Pn 
itati  Pa|e  1384,  1 


Q.6o    The  TarliaMentary  HiSTour 

QaeenEiiiabeth.  the  CathoHcs  hcrc  to  very  great  Stnuts ;  miq 
15^5-  of  them  ftole  out  of  the  Kingdom ;  and,  if  di 
Laws  had  been  put  in  full  Execution  agaioft  tben; 
in  all  Probability,  v/e  (hould  not  have  bad  ooeiQi 
tient  Popijb  Family  refiding  in  it  at  this  Day.  Bi( 
afterwards,  when  their  Sovereign  was  taken  off,lllt 
ters  went  eafier  with  them,  and  they  were  fi|f 
fered  to  live  unmolefted  for  the  reft  of  this  Rqpj 

But,  there  was  then  another  Party  in  the  '"' 
dom  whom  it  was  neceflary  to  guard  againft, 
that  was  the  Puritans :  The  Queen  was  very 
acquainted  with  their  Principles;  but  the  DC  ,^ 
Game  of  Popery,  being  then  in  full  Cry  to'tni 
down,  thefe  were  tolerated  becaufe  they  rei^ 
joined  in  the  Purfuit.  And  many  of  the  Mendq 
having  imbib'd  their  Tenets,  which  the  Queen " 
felf,  in  her  Speech,  at  the  End  of  thisSemoOi 
Islew'fanglednefsy  a  Bill  was  propofed  and 
in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  plainly  tending  U> 
form  the  Church,  much  further  than  it  had 
to  been  carried. 

How  long,  or  what  Debates  had  been  in 
Houfe  about  this  Bill,  will  beft  appear  in 
Journal  \    for  it  was  not  till  the  latter  End  of 
Seflion  that  it  was  fent  up  to  the  Lords,  wherei 
find  it  under  this  broken  Title,  Die  Mortis 
Martii^  Hodie  allata  ejl  a  Dom.  Com. 

'  An  Adt of  a  Statute 

ttwi     /    u    '  yinno  17,,  of  the  Queen's  Majefty's  Reign, 
Refection  in' '  ^'^^'  ^n  Ad  to  reform  certain  Difordcn  t< 
the  Church.       '  ing  ivlinifteis  of  the  Church,    ^a  prima 
«  lediaefi: 

What  the  Blank  was  to  be  filled  up  with  il 
to  the  Reader's  Judgment;  but  fince  it  was 
ed  at  the  firlt  Reading  in  this  Houfe,    for  it  isi: 
mentioned  again,    it  is  probable  the  Title  wasj 
fo  blind,   in  order  to  diiguile  it  to  Poftcrity. 
Adl  made  in  the  13th  Year  of  this  Reign,  fall 
forming  Abuies  in  the  Church,  is  explained  befc 
the  Courfe  of  this  Volume  (>.)    It  was  then 
againrt  the  Puritans ;  but  now  they  thought 

(j^;  See  befoie  Page  lor. 




had  Power  enough  to  turn  it  againft  the  Church,  q 
Mr.  Cambde?i's  own  Account  of  this  Attempt  will 
bell  juftity  the  Aflertion,     This  Author   writes 
that {z) 

*  In  this  Parlbmcnt  fome  there  were,  who,  out 

*  of  a  Delire,  either  of  Innovation  or  Reforma- 

*  tion,  (truck  deeply  at  the  Eccleiiaftical  Order, 

*  though  the  Qiieen  had  forbid  it.     By  bringing  in 

*  of  Bills  for  reftraining  the  Epifcopal  Jurifdiflion 
'  in  granting  of  Faculties;  in  conferring  holy  Or- 
'  dcrs ;  in  Ecclefiaftical  Cenfures,  and  in  the  Oatli 

*  ex  Officio.  Propofing  a  new  Oath  to  be  taken  by 
■  theBifhops  in  the  Chancery  and  the  King'sBench, 

*  viz.  that  they  Ihould  aSt  nothing  contrary  to  the 

*  common  Law  of  England.  They,  alfo,  requi- 
'  red  Reddence  from  the  Clergy,  that  every  Mini- 
'  ftcr  fliould  be  relident  at  his  own  Cure;  and  ex- 

*  claimed  againft  the  Church  oF  England  as  if  it 

*  was  deftitute  of  able  and  learned  Pallors,  which, 

*  without  Doubt,  had  more  learned  Paitors,  at 

*  this  Prefent,   than  any  other  Age  ot  any  other 

*  Reformed  Church  could  fliew.    But  the  Queen, 

*  who  had  a  high  Elleem  for  moderate  Cliurch- 

*  men,  mifliked  Innovators,    as   always   chang- 

*  ing  for  the  worfe,    as  tending  to  overthrow  her 

*  Prerogative-  and  the  Supreme  Authority  grantej 

*  to  her  iti  EcclefJHllical  Matters." Thus 

fax  the  Mjhrian  of  this  Reign, 

On  the  I  yh  of  March,  the  Commons  fent  up 
a  Grant  of  a  Supply  to  her  Majefty,  confifting  of 
one  entire  Suhfidy,  which  was  Two  Shillings  and  a  s«b£dj. 
Eight  Pence  on  Goods,  and  Four  Shillings  on 
Lands,  according  to  Btuwe  (a) ;  and  two  Fifteenths 
and  Tenths.  On  the  fecond  Reading,  the  Lords 
drop'd  the  Tenths  i  and  it  was  palled  lb  by  the  prin- 
ted Statutes.  An  A£t  for  a  Sublidy  of  hx  Shillings 
in  the  Pound,  from  the  Clergy,  to  be  paid  in  three 
Years,  was,  alfo,  confirmed  this  Seffion. 

Tliere  are  alfo  federal  Tryals,  on  Appeals, 
td  in  the  herd's,  but  none  of  them  l 
R  3 

,  P.^  SOI- 

!,  enter-        ^^^^^B 

to      ^^^^^M 
our    '  ^^^^H 

afia    TheTarlhrneiitary  History 

^_  our  Purpofe.  Nor  is  theve  any  Thing  elle  material 

"'^""'i^^;'"   '  10  the  hit  Day  of  the  Seflion,  which  we  fhatl  poft- 
pone  to  fee  what  Ihc  Commons  were  doing. 

The  firft  Bill  of  Moment  read  in  ihst  Houfe, 
was,  for  the  better  and  more  reverend  Oblervancc 
ft  Bill  for  tht°^  ^^^  Sabbath-Day.  AW.  27(16,  this  Bill  was 
jfttet  obfeivi.commilted  to  a  large  Number  ot  Members,  there 
fran  of  ihe  Sib- named,  to  confider  of"  it;  who,  we  find,  framed  a 
"'''■  new  one,  which  was  read  ;    but  did  not  pafs  the 

two  Hovifes  without  much  Difpute  and  great  Dif- 
ficulty ;  Amendments  upon  Amendments  being 
added  to  it. 

Nov.  z%th.  Sir  Walter  Mihhnay,  Chancellor  of 
the  Exchequer,  taking  Occaiion  to  fpeak  of  the 
ludden  Calling  of  this  Parliament,  at  fuch  an  un- 
feafonable  Time  of  the  Year,  and  the  Likelihood 
of  the  fliorl  Continuance  of  it,  did  thereupon  de- 
clare ihe  fame  to  be  called  for  very  urgent  and  nc- 
ccflary  Caufcs. 

Sir  Chrijhphir  Hattm,  Vice- Chamberlain  of  her 
Majefty's  Houfhold,  fpake  next ;  and,  as  it  feems, 
much  to  the  fame  EffeiSl  as  the  Chancellor ;  but 
both  thefe  Speeches  are  omitted  in  the  Jaurnebt 
though  they  lafted  above  two  Hours.  At  the  End 
of  which  a  Committee  was  appointed  to  confider 
of  a  Supply. 

Notwiihftanding  the  Queen's  Injunflions  to  the 
contrary,  yet  this  Houfe  could  rot  forbear  to  enter 
ftiil  dceptT  .into  Religious  Matters ;  and  on  D*«ot. 
14M,  three  Pciitions  were  read  touching  the  Liber- 
ty of  godly  Preachers,  to  exerciJe  and  continue 
their  Miniitry;  and  alfo,  for  the  fpeedy  Supply  of 
able  and  fufficient  Men  into  divers  Places,  now 
deftituie  of  the  ordinary  Means  of  Salvarion.  But 
though  ihe  further  Proceedings  in  this  were  dc- 
ferted  to  a  more  convenient  Time  by  the  Houfe, 
yet,  one  Dr.  Turner  rols  up  and  put  the  Houfe  in 
Mind  of  a  Bill  with  a  Book  which  he  had  offered 
to  tl(em  ;  and,  as  he  faid,  ihisBill  and  Book  being 
framed  by  certain  godly  and  learned  Minifters, 
tending,  as  he  conceived,  to  the  Glory  of  God, 
the  Safety  of  her  Majefly,  and  the  Good  of  the 





0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      iSj  } 

Common-Wealth;  therefore  prayed  that  it  miglUQgfenElkilietli. 

be  read.     To  this.  Sir  Francis  Knolks  replied,  but       'sS;. 

in  few  Words;  and  after  him  S\{  Chrijhpher  Hatton 

more  largely;   who  prefled  and  moved  the  Houfc 

fo  much  therein,  that  it  was  at  length  refolvcd  that 

the  faid  Bill  and  Book  flinuld  not  be  read.     And,  as 

to  all  neceflary  Liberty  to  the  aforefaid  Minifters, 

or  a  Supply  of  able  Men  in  Places  that  wanted,  it 

was  not  doubted  but  that  her  Majefty  would  take 

fooiB  fpeedy  Orderabout  ihem.     Then  iirChri/ls- 

pher  Hattm  moved  that  for  the  better  and  more 

fpeedy  Expedition  of  other  great  Matters  now  in 

Band,  the  Houfe  would  proceed  lo  the  Reading 

of  a  Bill,  lately  finiihed,  for  the  Safety  and  Pre- 

fervation  of  the  Qi.icen's  Roya]  Perfon.     And  the 

rather   becaufe  he  conceived    they  would  Ihort- 

ly  be  adjourned  till  after  Chrijlmafi.' 

By  fuch  Evafions  as  thefe,  the  Courtiers  found 
Means  to  prevent  the  zealous  Part  of  ihc  Houfe 
from  going  upon  Matters  fo  Very  dilagreeable  to 
the  Queen. 

But,  being  prevented  in  this,  their  Zea!  was  the 
more  turned  to  the  utter  Extirpation  of  Popery  out  of 
the  Kingdom.  The  Bill  againft  Jefuits,  Seminary 
Priefts,  and  fuch  like  difobedient  Subjefts  was  carri- 
ed through  ihb  Houfe  with  great  Vigour.  It  paiTed 
with  little  or  no  Oppofition,  but  from  Dr.  Purry^ 
mentioned  before.  The  journals  of  the  Com- 
mons are  more  particular,  than  the  Hyhrian  before 
quoted,  about  this  Affair,  which  we  fliall  give  in 
their  own  Words  as  follows ; 

'  The  Bill,  upon  the  Reading,  paffed  the  Houfe 
with  little  or  no  Argument,  except  it  were  from  ^^-  ^"n  Ti* 
one  Dr.  Parry,   who  in  very  violent  Terms  fpake  'th^'BiiT^f^ 
direflly  againft  the  whole  Bill;  affirming  it  to  la- jcruiu  imj Se- 
vour  of  Treafons,  lo  be  full  of  Blood,  Danger, 'n'n"TP"E'*l( 
Defpair,  and  Terror  or  Dread  to  the  EngUJ!}  Stih-  *'^- 
jefls  of  this  Realm,   our  Brethren,  Uncles,  and 
Kinsfolks  1  and  alio  full  of  Con  fi  feat  ions,  but  un- 
to whom?     Not,  faid  hi^  to  her  Majefty,  (which 
he  wiftied  they  were)  and  laid,  he  did  not  thinfc  the 
^(^fary  but  that  Zeal  would  caufe  the  Bill  to 
''  '  ■  have 

a.64    Tf}e  Tarliafrientary  History 



m  Eli ubsih. have  Paliage  both  in  this  Hoiife  and  with  the 
15!;.  Iiords;  but  yet  he  hoijed  when  it  fhould  come  into 
her  Highnefs's  moft  merciful  Hands,  that  it  woultj 
flay  and  reft  there;  until  which  Time  (he  faid)  be 
would  referve  his  Realbns  of  his  negative  Voic*; 
againft  the  Bill,  then  to  be  difcovercd  by  him  only 
Vinto  her  Majefty.' 

'  Whereupon  Dr.  Parry,  by  Order  of  this 
Houfe,  was  appointed  to  be  fequeftred  into  the 
outer  Room  of  this  Houfe  into  the  Serjeant's  Cufto- 
dy.  and  without  conferring  with  any,  whilft  the 
Matter  now  in  Queftion,  concerning  his  former 
Speeches  againft  the  Bill  laft  palled,  is  in  Debating 
or  Arguing,  until  he  fhall  be  called  in  again.  Ana 
afterwards,  being  brought  to  the  Bar,  and  iherf 
kneeling  upon  his  Knee,  he  was  told  by  Mr.  Speaker 
in  Name  of  the  whole  Houfe,  That  if  he  thought 
good,  the  Houfe  was  contented  to  hear  him  what 
^eafons  he  could  yield  for  himfelf  in  Maintenance 
pf  his  faid  Speeches  againft  the  aforcfaid  Bill,  to 
the  better  Satisfaflion  of  this  Houfe;  or  what  other 
Matter  of  Excufe  he  could  ailedge  touching  hjs 
former  Contempt,  uttered  in  the  Prefence  of  this 
faid  Houfe,  in  very  unleemly  Manner, and  in  unfit- 
ting Words,  in  that  he  did  fpeak  fo  direflly,  re- 
proachfully and  abfolutely  againft  a  Bill,  firft:  tra- 
velled in,  and  pubJickly  allowed  of  in  the  Houfe; 
and  then  coniiderately  and  mamrely  perufed  and 
(iigefted  by  fo  great  and  grave  a  Committee,  felec- 
ted  and  framed  out  of  the  ableft  Members  of  this 
^oufe,  who  having  further  diligently  and  dutifully 
laboured  therein,  and  brought  it  again  into  tl^ 
Houfe  with  one  unanimous  Approb.ition  of  it  as  of 
a  good  and  iiecefTary  Bill;  and  ihar,  laftly,  it  had 
been  alfo  fo  approved  of  this  Day,  and  upoji  the 
third  Reading  had  palled  the  Houl'ej  and  yet,  that 
he,  the  faid  Dr.  Parry,  had  termed  the  faid  Bill  to 
be  a  Bii!  favouring  of  Treafons,  and  10  be  full  of 
Confifcaiions,  Blood,  Pangcr,  Defpair,  and  Ter-  ■ 
ror  10  the  Sufajeds  of  this  Realm;  and  withal,  that 
be  would  well  prove  and  juftify  ihe  fame  by  good 
""''□s,  which  neverthekfs  (he  faidj  he  would  noi 

■ould  noi  jm 


Of   ENGLAND.      i(!5 

deliver  to  this  Houfe;  but  would  referve  them  only  Que* 
to  be  revealed  to  her  Majefty.  Whereupon  being 
further  demanded,  as  aforefaid.  What  further  Ex- 
cufe  or  Defence  he  could  make  for  himfelf?  He 
anfwered.  That  what  he  had  faid  (and  bound  it 
with  aProieftalion)  was  without  any  Intent  of  Of- 
fence towards  the  Queen's  Majefty  (to  whom  he  - 
owed  all  dutiful  Obedience)  or  towards  the  Houle ; 
and  made  Repetition  of  his  faid  former  Words,  and 
ftill  avowed  the  Juftification  of  the  fame.  And  fo 
«ntring  into  fonie  Declaiaiion  of  his  own  Eftaie 
tending  altogether  to  his  own  Credit,  as  of  his  fun- 
dry  good  Services  done  to  her  Majefty,  his  Repu- 
tation with  Perfons  of  good  Sort,  and  other  foch 
like  Speeches  in  his  own  Commendation;  conclu- 
ded in  the  End,  that  as  before  when  he  fpake  to 
the  Bill,  and  gave  his  negative  Voice  to  the  fame, 
be  then  concealed  his  faid  Reafonsfroni  this  Houfe, 
fo  he  would  now  conceal  the  fame  ftill.' 

'  Whereupon  being  fequeftred  again,  it  was  re- 
foived.  That  for  that  he  did  fpeak  to  the  Bill,  and 
gave  his  negative  Voice  fo  diretlly  and  undutifully, 
and  in  Contempt  of  ibis  Houfe  would  not  (hew 
his  Reafons  for  the  fame,  being  merely  againft  the 
ancient  Orders  and  Ufage  of  this  High  Court,  and 
not  for  that  he  faid  he  would  fhew  them  only  to  be 
difcovered  to  her  Majefty,  it  was  refolved.  That 
he  fhouJd  be  committed  to  the  Serjeant's  Ward  til! 
the  Matter  (hall  be  further  coniidered  of  by  this 
Houfe,  the  Day  being  tlien  very  far  fpent.' 

*  The  next  Day  Mr.  Vice-Chamberlain  decla- 
red unto  the  Houfe,  tJiat  her  Majefty  having  been 
made  privy  unto  the  Misbehaviour  of  Doftor 
Parry  Yefterday  (hewed  in  this  Houfe,  and  of  the 
Order  of  this  Houfe  taken  therein  with  him  for 
the  fame;  her  Highnefs  doth  not  only  deem  him  to 
have  given  juft  Caule  of  Offence  unto  this  Houfe 
fai  the  fame  his  Mifdemeanor,  hut  alfo  doih  very 
well  allow  of  the  grave  Difcretion  of  this  Houfe, 
fa  forbearing  for  the  Time  to  ufe  any  (harp  Couife 
of  Corrcdlion  againft  him  for  his  faid  Offence  i  in 
l^fpeO  that  he  had  faid  he  referved  hia  Reafons  to 


a66    7he  Tarliamentary  HiSToar 

QjKwiEHtilwtli.  ^  imparted  to  her  Majefty  only;  which  as  he  had 
ijgs.  '  difcovcred  unto  fome  df  the  Lords  of  the  Council 
by  her  Highnefs's  Appointment,  and  that  partly  to 
the  Saiisfadion  of  her  Majefty,  fo  her  Highnefs 
did  think,  that  upon  his  humbk  SubmifTion  unto 
this  Houfe,  with  a  dutiful  Acltnowledgemeni  of 
his  Fault,  this  Houfe  would  the  rather  difpenfe 
with  him  therein.' 

*  Which  done,  Doilior  Parry  was  called  to 
the  Bar,  where  humbly  acknowledging  his  Fault 
upon  his  Knees,  it  was  told  him  by  Mr.  Speaker, 
after  he  had  put  him  in  Remembrance  of  the  Man- 
ner of  his  Offence,  that  it  might  be  the  Houfe 
would  neverthelefs  deal  favourably  with  him,  if 
they  ftiould  fee  fuch  Caufe  upon  his  unfeigned  and 
eameft  Confefliun  and  Repeniance  of  his  Fault, 
and  his  humble  Submiflion  unto  the  Houfe,  with 
good  and  dutiful  Endeavour  of  Amendment  here- 
after. And  then  kneeling  upon  his  Knee  in  very 
humble  Manner,  affirmed  diredlly,  that  he  had 
very  undutifully  misbehaved  himfelf,  and  had  rafti- 
!y  and  unadvifedly  uttered  thofe  Speeches  he  ufed, 
and  was  with  all  his  Heart  very  forry  for  it;  al- 
ledging  withal,  that  he  had  never  been  of  this 
Houfe  before  this  Seffion,  and  fo  could  not  fo  well 
know  the  Orders  of  the  Houfe  as  he  Ihould  doj 
and  that  he  would  not  willingly  offend  this  Houfe, 
nor  any  Man  in  it;  and  I"o  humbly  prayed  their 
good  Favour  towards  him.* 

'  Whereupon  being  fequeftred  again  out  of  the 
Houfe,  it  was  after  fome  Argumenis  and  Speeches 
had,  refolved.  That  upon  that  his  faid  Acknow- 
ledgement of  his  Fault,  and  his  humble  Submiffi- 
on,  he  fliould  be  received  into  this  Houfe  again  as 
a  Member  of  the  fame,  and  take  his  Place  as  be- 
fore, fo  that  he  would  afterwards  ufe  himfelf  in 
good  Sort  as  he  ought  to  do.  And  thereupon  be- 
ing called  again  to  the  Bar,  and  there  kneeling  upon 
his  Knee,  and  directly  reiterating  his  lormer  Con- 
fefSon  of  his  Fault,  and  alfo,  his  former  humble 
SubmilEonj  protefting  further,  that  if  ever  after 
he  fhould  give  any  juft  Caufe  of  Offence  again  lo 






Of  E  N  -G  L  A  N  D.       2«7 

this  Houfe,  or  any  Member  thereof,  he  would  then  QutenEiia 
never  after  crave  any  more  Favour  of  them.'  'i^s- 

'  Whereupon  Mr.  Speaker  declared  tlie  good 
Pleafure  of  this  Houfe  in  remitting  his  faid  Offence 
by  receiving  him  again  into  ihem,  with  Condition 
and  Hope  of  his  better  Behaviour  hereafter.  Which 
as  he  profeffed  and  promifed  to  perform  according- 
ly, fo  did  he  in  very  good  dutiful  Sort,  give  moft 
humble  Thanks  unto  God,  and  to  her  Majefty, 
and  alfo  unto  this  whole  Houfe,  and  to  every 
Member  of  the  Came,  for  their  good,  courteous, 
and  fevourable  Dealing  towards  him  in  this  Behalf.' 

But  the  Affair  had  a  more  tragical  End  after 

Chrijlmafe,  as  hath  been  before  related. 

The  i^tb  o^ December,  Mr.  Vice- Chamberlain 
declared  unto  the  Houfe,  That  her  Majefty  confi- 
dering  the  great  Pains  and  faithful  Travels  of  that 
Houfe  in  the  Service  of  Affairs  in  the  Realm,  had  ~.     „  ,. 

,  .       .  1.  ,      I.     1-  r  The   ParliamtBt 

deter mmed  to  adjourn  the  Parliament  to  fome  o- adjourned, 
ther  convenient  Time  after  Chrijimafs;  that  fuch 
Gentlemen  and  other  Members  of  this  Houfe 
might  the  more  conveniently  repair  to  their  own 
Home,  in  the  mean  Time,  for  their  better  Eafe 
and  Recreation.  On  which  it  was  refolved  that 
the  moft  humble  and  dutiful  Thanks  of  this  Houfe,  A 

be  returned  to  her  Majefiy,   for  this  her  moft  gra-  1 

cious  Confideralion,  and  for  her  grateful  Accepta-  i 

rion  of  their  dutiful  Care  for  Providing  for  the  Se- 
curity of  her  Royal  Perfon. 

'  To  this  Addrefs  of  Thanks  Mr.  Vice-Cham- 
berlain returned  the  following  Aniwer ;  in  which  J*"'^^'"'* 
he  did  very  eloquently  and  very  earneftly  fet  forth  Adders  of 
her  Majefty's  moft  princely,  gracious  and  kind  Ac-  Thanks  dam 
cepiation  vi  the  humble  and  moft  dutiful  Thank-  '^^  ^^"""^ 
fulnefs  of  this  Hoult,  lb  preff;ted  iinto  her  High- 
nefe,  to  her  right  great  and  high  Saiiifaition,  Joy 
and  Comfort  \  and  declared  wiihal,  that  her  High- 
pefs  did  for  the  fame  give  moft  hearty  and  loving 
Thank?  unto  this  whole  Honle,  yea,  and  that  in 
Redoubling  to  them  their  Thanks  len  Thouland 
Thoufand-fold;    and  fo  urther,  very  excellently, 
amply,  and  aptly,  fhewed  both  the  ready,  careful, 


i(S8     The  Parliamentary  Histort 

whole  Houfe  to  ths 
dutiful  Service  of  her  Majefty,  and  alfo  on  the 
olher  Side,  her  Highneli's  incomparable  PrinLcIy 
Account  and  Regarii  of  all  Juch  loyal,  loving,  and 
faithful  Subjefts ;  and  concluded,  that  her  Majeily's 
Pleafure  was,  that  this  Houfe  fhould  well  know, 
that  in  the  Conlideration  of  the  free  Courfe  of  the 
Gofpel  of  Jt/iii  Chri/l  amongll  us,  our  long  con- 
tinued Peace,  and  Plenty  of  God's  good  BlefRngs 
and  Benefits  bellowed  upon  us  lender  the  Minillry 
of  her  Highnefs,  her  Majefty  doth  molt  lincerely 
afcribe  all  the  fame,  only  and  wholly,  to  the  great 
Goodnefsand  Mercy  of  Almighty  God;  attribu- 
ting the  Caufe  of  thefe  good  Etfefts  (next  under 
God's  Providence)  to  the  good  Demerits  of  to  re- 
ligious, godly,  and  obedient  Subjeds,  of  whom 
how  well  and  kindly  her  Majefty  doth  think  and 
conceive,  her  Highnefs  had  much  rather  have  told 
them  in  her  own  molt  Royal  Perfon,  than  have 
fignificd  it  unto  them  by  any  other,  if  it  might 
have  conveniently  been  fo  done,  as  upon  the  Op- 
portunity of  a  Prorogation  or  Dillbluiion  of  this 
Court,  And  further  declared,  that  her  Majefly, 
having  Regard  to  the  great  Charges  and  Expences 
of  their  Attendance  in  the  Service  of  this  great 
Council  of  the  Realm,  wilheth  them  at  their  next 
Meeting  again,  to  bellow  the  Time  as  much  as 
may  be,  in  publick  and  genera!  Aftiooi,  Siteft  for 
the  Common-Weal  of  this  Realm,  and  that  witli 
as  little  Lois  of  Timeas  may  be.  And  withal,  that 
thofe  of  this  Houie  towards  the  Law,  would  join 
together  to  do  their  belt  Endeavours  to  devife  Ibms 
good  Laws  to  abridge  and  cut  off  the  long  and 
tedious  Courfes,  and  extreme  chargeable  Circuits, 
and  fuperfluous  Delays  of  Sui;sinLawi  not  doubt- 
ing but  that  in  fo  doing  God  will  blels  their  Wealth 
and  good  Eltates,  both  in  themfelves  and  in  thcip 
Pofteriiy.  And  fo  having,  as  he  thought,  duiiful.T 
ly  imparled  unto  them  the  Sum  and  Subftance  of  j 
her  Majeily's  Pleafure,  and  Mellbge  comiaitred  | 
unto  this  Houfe  by  him,  though  not  in  fuch  effec-'  \ 
tual  and  lingular  kind  'J"erms  apd  Forfns  as  hep  j 




0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      ii6p 

Princely  Wifdom  delivered  the  fame  unto  him;  and  Qu«nEliMbeiki 
fo  referring  himfelf  to  the  Refidue  of  this  Houfe         '*'^" 
of  her  Majeily's  Counci],  then  and  now  prefcnc, 
to  be  put  in  Remembrance  by  them,  if  he  have 
omitted  any  Part  thereof,   and  they  affirming  he 
had  rot,  he  ended  his  Speech.' 

But,  to  (hew  the  Tafte  of  thefe  Times,  and  the 
Piety  of  tlie  Courtiers  of  thofe  Days  Hill  the  more } 
on  the  2  ij!  of  December,  when  the  Parliament  was 
adjourned  from  thai  Day  to  the  a.lh  of  February  fol- 
lowing, '  The  faid  Mr.  Vice-Chamberlain,  flood 
-  up  again, and  putting  the  Houfe  in  Mind  of  her  Ma-  Mr.yice-Cham. 
jefty's  moll  Princely  and  lovinu;  Rmdneflbs,  (ignified  ]"^*l"  Houflwi 
unto  this  Houfe,  in  ihe  former  Meflages  and  Decla-  that  Otatma, 
xations  of  her  Highnefs's  thankful  Acceptations  of 
ihe  dutiful  Cares  and  Travels  of  this  Houfe  in  the 
Service  of  her  Majefty  and  the  Realm,  moved  the 
Houfe,  '  That  befides  the  R^ndring  of  our  moft 
humble  and  loyal  Thanks  unto  her  Highnefs,  we  do, 
being  aflembled  aliogeiher,  join  our  Hearts  and 
Minds  together  in  moft  humble  and  earneft  Prayer 
Unto  Almighty  God,  for  the  long  Coniinuance  of 
ihe  moft  profperous  Prefervation  of  her  Majefty. 
with  moft  due  and  thankful  Acknowledgment  of 
his  infinite  Benefits  and  Bleffings,  poured  upon  this 
■whole  Realm,  through  the  Mediation  oi  her  High- 
nef^s  Miniftry  under  him.  And  he  faid,  he  had  a 
Paper  in  Writing  in  his  Hand ,  devifed  and  fet  down 
by  an  honeft,  godly,  and  learned  Man,  and  which, 
albeit  it  was  not  very  well  written,  yet  he  would 
willingly  read  it  as  w;ll  as  he  could,  if  it  jileafed 
them  to  follow  and  fay  after  him,  as  he  (hould  be- 
gin and  fay  before  them.  Which  being  afl'ented 
unto  moll  willingly  of  all  the  whole  Houfe,  and 
every  one  kneeling  upon  his  Knees,  the  faid  Mr. 
Vice- Chamberlain  begun  the  faid  Prayer.  Whidi 
being  ended,  every  one  departed  away  for  that 
Time,  until  the  faid  Day  of  Adjournment.' 

At  which  Time  this  Parliament  being  met  again, 
we  find  nothing  in  their  Proceedings,  ro  our  Pur- 
pofcj  the  firft  Days  of  their  Silting  being  taken  up 
with  a  long  Difpute  between  the  two  Houfes  abou: 

a7o     'The  T.trliamentary  History 

'*=*",|^'«'^-  Ihe  Form  of  pafllng  a  Bill  to  prevent  fraudulent 
'  ^'        Conveyances;    and  another,  (or  the  better  Obfcr- 
vance  of  the  Sabbath-Day.     And,  it  was  not  till 
Fek  i^d,    that  the  HouTe  of  Commons  took  int^ 
Confideration  the  Stale  of  the  Nation.     The  Dan- 
gers which  were  imminent  over  the  Kingdom,  and 
the  Means  to  prevent  them ;    the  great  ExpenceB 
her  Majefty  had  been  at,  Wi.     In  which  thefe  fol- 
lowing Particulars  are  obferved 
The  Commoiu       *  The  Open  Dangers  threatned  to  this  Kingdom 
take  intu  Con-    are  from  Spain,    the  Pepe  and  the  holy  League  \d 
^"cf^t      Prance;   the  fecrct  from  the  7fya/>i,    that  fecretl/ 
NaHon.  lurlced  here  to  ftir  up  her  Majefty's  Subjefts  of  the 

Roman  Religion  to  all  Manner  of  Treafon  and  Re- 
bellion :  Both  which  Dangers  though  the  Timi 
of  them  were  a  while  intermitted  in  rcfpeft  of  the 
Execution,  yet  the  Purpol'e  was  not ;  which  their 
late  Confpiracies  and  Attempts  both  here  and  la 
Ireland  did  plainly  (hew.' 

'  The  Means  to  prevent  thefe  Dangers  were  to 
ibpprefs  the  Spreading  of  Jefuits  and  the  Growing 
of  Popery;  tO  exsdt  fuch  Oaths  of  the  Papijii  ^ 
had  been  already  ordained  ;  to  provide  for  the  Pre- 
fervation  of  her  Majcfty's  Perfon;  to  terrify  In- 
hmd,  and  to  provide  luflicient  Forces  at  Home  both 
by  Land  and  Sea,' 

'  The  great  Espence  that  her  Majefty  had  been 
at,  even  fince  the  laft  Parliament,  did  appear  plalnlj 
jn  refpedlof  divers  Places  and  For'C-which  had  been 
repaired,  much  Powder  and  Munition  had  beeft 
ftored  up,  and  her  Navy  alio  (Jnce  that  Time  in- 
crcafed :  Belides  many  other  extraordinary  Char- 
ges and  Expences  which  (he  had  been  at,  in  the  Af- 
fifting  of  her  Allies,  and  ilie  Preferving  ai  Ireland i 
and  that  her  Majefty  did  fpecially  (hun  Danger 
from  heknd,  of  which  they  conceived  this  Pro- 
verb to  be  true,  Loot  to  IreUnd  if  we  mill  reft  guiet 
Lin  England.  And  therefore  ibme  Members,  of 
the  Privy-Coui>cil,  did  move  to  think  of  what  Sup- 
ply v-'ere  now  fii  to  be  given  to  her  Majefty  to- 
wards the  Supporting  and  Snftaining  of  all  her  la«] 
great  Expences  and  Charges.* 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       371 

On  the  next  Day  a  Motion  being  made  for  a g^j^j,;^,^^.^ 
Supply  to  be  granted  to  her  Majefty,  a  large  Com-        issj. 
miltec  of  the  Commons  were  appointed  to  meet 
and  draw  up  a  Bill  for  that  Purpofej    which  waK 
mentioned,   before,  in  out  Account  of  the  Lords. 

But  the  old  Topic  of  R/firmathn  was  again 
ftarted  in  the  Commons;  and  fince  they  were  pro- 
hibited from  Addreflinglhe  Queen  in  that  Matter, 
they  thought  proper  to  make  iheir  Application  to 
the  Bifliops  and  Lords  of  the  upper  Houfe,  by 
\yay  of  Petition  (i). 

*  Nothing  of  any  Moment  happen'd  till  the  ]aft 
l>ay  ot  this  Sellion)  March  the  29?^,  when  the 
iQueen  came  to  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  the  Com- 
mons attending!  the  Speaker  after  his  humble  Reve- 
rence made,  and  fome  ExprelTions  of  his  Thank- 
fiilnefs  to  her  Majefty,  proceeded  according  to  ^  SuWidy, 
the  ufual  Courfe,  to  defire  her  Majefty  to  give  Life 

lo  fuch  Laws,  by  adding  her  gracious  Allowance 
unto  them,  as  had  paffed  either  Houfe,  and  remain- 
ed as  yet  but  as  a  dead  Letter;  and  withal,  gave 
her  Majefty  Knowledge  ol  the  free  Gift  of  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  of  one  Suhjidy  and  two  Fif- 
ttenthf  and  "tenths." 

*  To  which  Speech  of  the  faid  Prolocutor's  the 
Lord  Chancellor,  by  her  Majefty's  Commandment, 
anfwered,  That  fhe  did  giacioully  accept  of  the 
faid  Gift  of  her  Commons,  and  was  come  thither  . 
lo  give-  her  Rr  'al  Aflent  to  divers  of  ihofe  Laws 
which  had  paiit;J,,the  two  Houfes.' 

There  is  no  Speech  entered  in  the  Journal  of 
either  Houfe,  made  by  ihe  Speaker  at  this  Time ; 
nor  does  Sir  Symsnds  Diwa  fupply  it  from  any  other 
Authority.  We  ate  obliged  to  Mr.  Strype  howe- 
ver, for  bringing  one  to  Light,  from  the  Manu- 
fcripl  CoUeflions  in  the  Burldgb  Family,  belong- 

(t)  Thii  Petition  cf  tlie  Qunmgiu,  with  the  Anfvcer  on  the 
P«it  of  the  Bifllgpj,  mi/  ke  feeji  il  l*rgt  in  Drma's  Journals,  Pi  j. 
3S7  «  S'1-  And  for  iheFHiiiDnanndHemoEftrancfi  at  Urgt, from 
the  PuritiDi  thcmToes,  to  the  Queen  ami  Piiiiimect,  the  Reader 
BUT  conTuk  Siryft'i  Anniii,  in  the  Appenrlii  to  hi^  ihitd  Volume  j 
fach  over-tedioiu  AfFaits  being  not  conlJltiM  with  the  Delign  or 
ttiii  Hiaot;, 


172     The  Parliamentary  History 

Cloft  of   the 

-  «nEII"i"!i'<.  ing,  oHginaJIy,  to  the  Lord  Treafurer  Burleighi 
'^  5'  Whence  it  may  be  ftrongly  iiiferr'd,  that  Serjeant- 
Puckering  only  lent  his  Voice  to  that  great  StateM 
man,  and  that  the  other  direfted  his  Tongue  what  td 
fay  on  the  Occafion.  An  Art  in  Politics  which,  no 
doubt,  hath  been  praftifed  many  Times  fince  thoft 

Mift  Excellent  Prince  and  Gracious  ^un^ 

Tht  Speaker's  '  in  "  ^  '^"^  'i^''"^  °'"  "'y  ''^'"B  '"  if^'s  Plasrf- 
Spt"!'  ta  the  *  J,  before  your  moft  excellent  l^lajefty,  an] 
C^«n  at  the  •  (his  Honourable  Allembly  of  your  three  Eftat^, 
'  I  did  make  my  moft  humble  Submiflion  and 
'  Requeft,  upon  the  Knowledge  of  my  DifabilitJ 
'  and  Unworihinels,  that  I  might  have  been  fory 
'  born  to  have  occupied  in  this  Place,  But  fuch 
«  was  your  Majefty's  gracious  Opinion,  as  it  feem- 

*  ed,  conceived  of  me  upon  the  Eltdtion  of  you( 
'  faithful  and  obeoient  Subjetfls,  the  whole  Codit 
«  monaliy  of  your  Realm  ;   that  I  was  thereWf 

*  directed.  And  as  then  I  beft  knowing  muiq 
«  own  Infufficjencies  did,  for  my  Excufe,   defiij  1 

*  your   Majefty's  gracious   Accepution   cf   thai  ' 

*  which  was  only  in  my  Power ;  which  was  qf  1 

*  my  good  Will,  Diligence,  and  Endeavour  to  be  1 
'  beftowcd  in  ibis  Service:  Sonow,  if  Ifliouldnot 

*  acknowledge  in  this  Place,  (having  here  in  my 

*  Company  lb  many  Wiineflis  againft  me)  thq,  1 
«  Multitude  of  Imperfeflions,  that  I  havefoun^  1 

*  in  mylelf,  during  the  l~ime  of  this  my  Scrvi&L   \ 
'  I  fliould  fhew  myfelf  to  be  over  partial  to  inine 
'  own  Caufe,  and,  in   feme  fort,   to  he  voiif  pf 

*  Modefty.  But  knowing  your  Majefty's  accuf^ 
«  lomed  Goodnels,  to  accept  ihe  good  Wills  and 
'  Endeavoursof all  Men  in  yourSctvices,  without  - 
'  any  ftrait  Regard  or  Account  of  the  Events  or 
'  Succcfles  of  thtirAftioBsi  and  tlierewfth  having 

*  alfo  had,  at  this  Time  of  Seflion  of  Parliament^ 
'  daily  Prools  of  the  favourable  Toleration  of  my 
'  Lacks,  by  gcave,   wife,  and  experimented  Per-" 

*  fons  and  the  good  Will  generally  of  the  whole 
'  Body  of  your  Cummoni  towards  me,  id  their 


:»  to  ineir      h 

0/    ENGLAND.    273 

1^  quiet  Allowance  of  my  Service;  lam  the  bolder,  Queo 
?^'ihrowing    behind   my   Back    ihefe   my   Lacks 
'  and  Wants,  as  Things  not  now  to  be  imputed 
'  lo  me  i  and  am  to  prefent  myfelf  in  your  Ma- 

*  jelly's  Sight  according  to  my  Office,  as  a  Perfon 

*  albw'd  by  your  M<ijefty's  Goodncfs  only,  and 

*  not  by  my  Deferts ;  and  fo  to  proceed  to  pfefent 

•  to  your  Majefty,  in  the  Name  of  all  your  Com- 
^.rnom,  Fiift,  our  moll  humble  Thanks  for  the 
'^nefits  that  we  have  received  by  your  Majefty's 
''Permillion,  to  have  this  Allembly  fo  long  con- 
'  tinued  :  Secondly,  our  like  humble  Requefts  for 

Pardon  of  any  Thing,  ivhich  through  Ignorance, 
■'■without  any  Intention  of  Offence,  iti  our  Con- 
'■fiiltations  might  be,  by  your  Majefty's  great 
'''Wifdorh,  imputed  to  us.  And  laftiy,  lam  alfo, 
'  In  their  Names,  to  exhibit  our  moft  humble  and 
^meil  Petitions  to  your  Majefty,  to  give  Life 
^to  the  Works  not  of  our  Hands,  but  of  our 
"Minds,  Cogitations  arid  Hearts ;  Which  other- 
I'wife  than  being  lightened  by  the  Beams  of  your 
'  Favour,  fliall  be  bu[  vain,   dumb  and  dead. 

'  '  For  the  firft  I  do  confefs,  that  in  the 
'  Name  of  all  your  Csmmons  here  afiembled, 
'  and   fo   I    may   prefume    to  add  the  like    for 

the  Lords  here  aflembled  in  your  Majefty's  Prc- 
■  fence,    -^e   cannot   imagine,    hov?   your  Ma- 

*  jefty  can  beftow  a  greater  Benefit,  that  can  de- 

*  ferve  more  Thanks  of  your  SubjetSs  univerlallyi 

•  than  that  your  Majefty,  as  you  have  heretofore 
'  at  many  Times,  fo  now  efpecially  in  this  Time, 
'  when  our  Necefnty,  for  many  Refpedts  required 

^*  the  fame,  fummoned  your  whole  Realm,  by 
■  calling  your  Eftates  together  to  this  Parliament, 

*  to  confult  freely,   and  at  great  Lcifure,  what 

*  were  firft  meet  for  the  Furtherance  and  AdVance- 
'■  ment  of  QoJ's  Service,  bv  which  we  only  have 

*  our  Being ;  and  what  were  alio  neceffify  fot 
'  the  Prefervation  of  your  Majefty's  Perfon,    by 

*  whofe  long  Life  and  Continuance  We  are  kept 
'f  free  from  the  Tyranny  and  Subjeflion  of  Foieign 

—     'Ti    ■  s     ,  ,     .     ©p- 


274     The  Parliamentary  History 

Oppreflion.  And  laftly,  to  devife  among  our- 
felves,  and  provide  not  only  as  (hould  be,  both 
in  geneial  and.  particular,  good  and  profitable 
for  our  own  Eftates,  but  alfo  to  forefee  how  to 
avoid  Things  huriful  to  the  fame ;  to  which 
good  End  we  do  atkrowledge  that,  by  your 
Majcfty's  Goodncfs  and  Permiflion,  our  Aflembly 
now  h»th  tended.  And  for  that  Good  whidi 
we  ate  to  leceive  thereby,  wc  do  yield  to  your 
Majelly  our  moll  humble  Thanks  i  befeeching 
God  to  grant  to  yout  Majefly  many  happy 
Years,  above  the  Term  of  our  Lives.  That  as 
we  have  already,  fo  after  us  our  Poftericy  may 
receive  the  like  Benefits  of  your  Goodncfs  from 
Time  to  Time,  as  Caufe  (hall  require;  to  pro- 
cure to  themfelves  by  good  Laws  under  your 
Government  like  Means  to  live  in  fuch  Peace, 
Happinefs  and  Wealth,  as  we  have  done,  from 
the  Beginning  of  your  Reign :  And  as  our  Fore- 
fathers never  did  the  like  with  fuch  Continuance. 
'  Secondly,  After  thefe  our  Thinks,  moll 
humbly  prefenied  upon  our  Knees,  we  do  both 
in  general  and  particular,  humbly  bcfeech  your 
Majefly  to  give  your  accuftomed  gracious  Inter- 
pretations to  all  our  Proceedings.  Wherein  if 
any  Speeches,  Motions,  or  Petirions  have  paft 
from  us,  that  might  have  mifconiented  your 
Mnjefty  in  your^reai  Wifdom  above  our  Capa- 
ciiiea  i  Icanafluie  your  Majefty,  that  in  ibis  Af- 
lembly, wherein  I  was  always  prefeni,  there 
was  never  found  in  any  Speech,  private  or  pub- 
lick,  any  Argument  or  Token  of  the  Mind  of 
any  Purfon  thai  thewed  any  Intention  to  be  offen- 
five  10  your  Majefty.  And  for  Proof  hereof, 
when  it  pleafed  your  Majefty  to  direfl  me  to 
declare  your  Plealure  to  the  Commons  Houfe, 
in  what  Sort  you  would  they  fliould  ftay 
any  further  Debaiing  of  the  Manner  of  Re- 
formation of  lijch  Things  as  they  thought 
might  be  reformed  in  the  Church,  I  found  them 
aJI,  gefierally  and_  particularly,  ready  to  obey 
your  Majefty's  riealuie  therein:  XVhich  as  it 
'  feemod 



Of    ENGLAND,     lys 

feemed  to  me,  and  To  I  have  Caufe  [o  perruadeQ««' 
with  myTelf,  tlicy  did.  For  thai  ii  was  well 
underftood,  that  your  Majcfly,  as  having  by 
God's  Ordinance  a  Supreme  Authority  for  that 
Purpole,  had  lliaiiJy  charged  the  Archbifliops, 
Bifliops,  and  youi-  whole  Clergy  now  afletnbled 
in  iheir  Convocitinn,  lo  have  due  R^ard  to  fee 
to  the  Reformation  of  divers  Abufes  in  the  Go- 
vernment and  Difcipline  of  the  Church.  And 
fo  our  firm  Hope  is,  that  your  Majefty  will,  by. 
your  ftrait  Commandment  to  your  CIergy»  con- 
tinue your  Care  to  fee,  and  command,  that  fuch 
Abules  as  are  crept  into  the  Church  by  the  Neg- 
ligence of'thc  Minifters,  may  be  fpecdily  leform* 
ed,  to  the  Honour  of  Almighty  God,  and  to 
your  own  immortal  Praife,  and  Comfort  of 
your  Subjeds. 

'  The  next  Matter  whereof  I  have  to  fper-k,  is 
/noft  humbly  to  rcqueft  your  Majefty  to  yield 
your  Royal  AfTent  to  fuch  PetiiU/ii,  both  general 
'Jind  particular,  as  have  been  upon  long  Delibera- 
tion deiermined  and  conceived  in  Writing,  with 
uniform  Content  of  the  Lords  Spiritual  and 
Temporal,  and  us  your  Cv/moni,  in  this  your 
j*arliament  allemhled.  Wherein  your  Majefty 
_fllall  do  no  lefs  than  pertaineth  to  the  Authority 
jWhich  you  have  like  to  God  Almighty  :  Who 
^_as  he  giveih  Life  and  Being  lo  all  his  Creatures, 
'great  and  fmall,  fo  your  Majefty  flwU  give  Life 
,and  Continuance  to  the  Fruits  of  our  Confulta- 
lions,  as  well  to  the  fmall  as  to  ihe  great. 
Without  which  your  Royal  AHent  with  your 
own  Breath,  the  fame  (h^ll  become  without  Life 
_and  Scnfe,  anJ  all  our  Labours  therein  loft, 
and  our  Expeftations  therein  m:ide  fruftiate. 
And  tho'  ill  youi  Majefty'i  princely  Sight  many 
of  thole  our  Petitions  miiy  feem  to  be  oi  mean 
"Value,  either  becaufe  they  be,  fome  of  them, 
particular ;  or  becaufe  the  Matters  of  fome  of 
them  may  feem  lo  be  of  low  and  b^fe  Degree  ; 
Tfei  confldering  of  ihem  to  whom  they  belong, 
F  the  f^me  are  of  as  great  Importance  and  Benefit, 

Si  '    •! 

Qgeen  Elizabeth. 

Q76    7he  Parliamentary  History 

as  to  greater  Eftates  greater  Matters  are :  And 
the  Lack  of  the  Benefits  which  to  them  may 
grow  thereby,  (hall  be  as  grievous,  as  the  Lack 
of  greater  in  greater  Bodies  :  And  as  in  every 
natural  Body,  the  meanefl:  Parts  and  Members 
are  by  the  Head  regarded  as  beneficial,  for  on^ 
Means  or  other,  to  the  reft  of  the  whole  Body : 
So  we  with  all  Humblenefs,  in  the  Name  of  the 
whole  Body,  do  befeech  your  Majefty,  as  our 
only  Head,  and  Fountain  of  our  Life,  to  accept 
the  meaneft  Petitions  for  the  Comforts  of  the 
Parts  of  the  Body,  to  whom  the  fame  may  be- 
long :  As  we  know  your  Majefty,  of  your  Cle- 
mency, is  accuftomed  with  your  moft  gracious 
Eyes  and  Countenance,  to  comfort  daily  your 
bafeft  and  pooreft  Subjects,  ieeking  Relief  at 
your  Feet. 

'  Next  to  this  we  do  offer  to  your  Majefty  with 
our  whole  Hearts,  our  Bodies  and  Lives,,  to  be 
ferviccable  to  the  Safety  of  your  Majefty 's  .noble 
Perfon.  For  Defence  whereof,  and  for  Revenge 
of  any  Aft  imaginate  agarnft  your  Majefty,  we 
have  by  a  Form  of  Law,  if  it  fhall  like  your 
Majefty  to  aflent  thereto,  given  a  Teftimony  to 
the  whole  World,  how  dear  the  Safety  of  your 
Uii^  is  to  us.  A  nd  this  I  do  aflure  your  Majefty^ 
that  Ve,  your  moft  loving  Subjedls,  w^rc  js\q&. 
willmg  to  have  extended  this  Ordinance  to  a  far 
ftraiter  Courfe,  as  we  thought  the  fame  meet 
for  your  Safetv,  and  for  terrifying  of  all  Perfons  ' 
not  well- willmg  to  youj"  if  oiherwife  we  had 
not  underftood,  that  your  Majefty *s  Pleafure 
was,  tbat  it  fhould  not  be  extended  to  any  ftraiter 
Points  than  rr  rs. 

*•  And  as  your  Majefly  hath  a  manifeft  Dcmon- 
ftration  hereby  of  our  Hearts  and  Minds,  fo  alfo 
we  have  added  (for  a  fiifthcr  outward  Dedara-- 
tion  thereof  by  our  Deeds,  offered  to  your  Ma* 
jefty  of  our  voluntary  Mihdsj  a  fmall'  Portion 
-out  of  thofe  Wordly  Goods  which  God  hath 
given  us,  and  by  the  long  Peace  under  your 
blefled  Government  we   have  encrcafed;    by 

•     •    f  Way 

4  ,. 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  277 

•  Way  of  a  Subfidy,  and  two  Fifteenrhs,  to  be  uied  Qs" 

•  by  your  Majefty,  as  in  former  Times  you  have 
'  alwaysiione,  for  the  Defence  of  this  your  Realm, 
'  and  us  your  humble  Subjeds.     Which  tho'  wc 

•  know  (hall  noE  amount  to  the  Value  that  percafe 

•  fhall  be  needful  for  ihe  Defence  of  your  Realms, 

•  Dominions  and  Subjefts,   againft  all  Attempts 

•  that  may  be  miniftred  by  the  Enemies  of  God, 

•  and  of  your  Majefty  ;  yet  your  Majefty  may 

•  make  an  aflureii  Account,  that  befides  this  our 

•  Offer,  you  cannot  lack  a  further  Supply  of  the 

•  reft  that  we  have,  to  be  fpent,  or  committed  to 

•  your  Direction,  as  Cnufe  [hall  require. 
'  Laftly,  Upon  our  Knees  we  do  moft  humbly 

•  yield  our  hearty  Thanks  for  your  moft  gracious 

•  and  free  general  Pardon :  Whereby  a  great  Mul- 
'  titude  of  your  Subjefls  are  to  be  relieved  of  divers 

•  Pains  and  Penalties;  which  by  the  Older  of 
'  your  Laws  your  Majefty  might  moft  juftly  have 

•  inflifled  upon  ihem-     By  which  your  Clemency 

•  we  all  fhal!  take  OccaJion,  beiides  our  Thaokful- 

•  nefs  for  fo  great  a  Benefit,  to  endeavour  our- 

•  fclves  more   carefully  to   obferve  your  Laws, 

•  both  to  the  Honour  of  God,  and  to  the  Comfor: 

•  of  your  M;ijefty  ;  and,   finally  to  the  Mainte- 

•  nance  of  Peace,  Tran(juili[y  and  Concord  among 

•  ourfelves." 

The  Royal  AiTent  being  given  to  thirty  Public 
Adsand  ihirieeti  Private,  her  Majefty,  in  Perfon, 
made  the  following  Speech  to  both  Houfes  of  Par- 
liament (f  J. 

My  Lords  and  ye  of  the  Lower  Houfe, 

IT  Sihnie  mujl  not  injure  the  Owner fi  '"uch^rhe  Quew'g 
fli  to  juppofe  a  Subjfitute  fuffident  to  rtnder^f"^^  >t  pro- 
■i  the  Ihanh  tUt  my  Htm  yieldeth  you,  «*'^Km/'"''"' 
muih  for  the  fafe  Keeping  of  my  Life,    for  whuh 
your  Care  apptan  fi  manifefti  as  for  the  Negleifitig 
I   yettr  private  future  Pei  it,   Jiat  regarding  otbsr  way 
than  my  prejint  Stale. 

S3  No 

(<)  Qmtdm  in  Apfrndiri,  P»(.  670,  Slrtct'i  Cbnn,  Pag.  70*. 
"•uia,  jsl,    {ItliiKgjhraJ,  Pig,  134S,  &c. 


2.78     TheTarHameutaryHisroKr 

^"iSs?^"^'  iV^  Prince  herein,  I  confef$,  can  be  furer  tied  or 
f after  bound  than  I  am  with  the  Link  of  your  Good- 
frilly  and  can  for  that  bui  yield  a  Heart  and  a 
Head  to  feek  for  ever  air  your  befi ;  yet  one  Matter 
tmcbeth  me  fo  hear^  as  I  may  net  Gverfkipy  Religion^ 
the  Ground  on  which  all  other  Matters  ought  to  take 
Root  J  and  being  corrupted,  may  marr  all  the  Tree. 
And  that  there  be  fome  Fault-finders  with  the  Order 
of  the  Clergy y  which  fo  may  make  a  Slander  t$  my- 
felf  and  the  Church,  whofe  over-Ruler  God  batb 
made  me  \  whofe  Negligence  cannot  be  excufed^  "if  any 
Schifms  or  Errors  heretical  were  fuffered.  2hus 
much  I  mufi  fay^  that  fome  Faults  and  NegUgences 
moy  grow  and  be,  as  in  all  other  great  Charges  it 
happeneth,  and  what  Vocation  without  ?  All  which 
if  yeu  my  Lords  of  the  Clergy  do  not  amende  I  mean 
to  depofe  you.  Look  ye  therefore  well  fo  your  Charges. 
This  may  be  amended  without  heedlejs  or  open  Excla^ 
motions.  I  am  fuppofed  to  have  many  Studies,  hit 
moft  Philofophicat.  I  nfuft  yield  this  to  be  tfue^  that 
JJitppofe  few  (that  be  no  Profeffors)  have  read  more. 
And  1  need  not  teH  you^  that  I  am  fo  fimple  .  that 
I  underfland  not^  nor  fo  forgetful  that  I  remember 
not\  and  yet  amidft  my  many  vohmes^  I  hc^e  God^s 
JBook  batb  not  been  my  feldomefi  Le^ures,  in  ^vbicb 
%V9  find  that  which  by  Reajon  (for  my  Part)  we 
ought  to  believe ;  that  feeing  fo  great  PFickednefi  and 
Greeves  in  the  World  in  which  we  live^  but  as  Way- 
faring  Pilgrims^  we  mufl  fufpofe  that  God  would  ne- 
ver  have  made  us  but  for  a  better  Place^  and  of  more 
Comfort  than  w^  find  here,  I  know  no  Creature 
that  'breatheth^  whofe  Life  flandeth  hourly  in  more 
Peril  for  it  than  mine  own^  who  entrid  not  into  my 
State  without  Sight  of  manifold  Dangers  of  Life  and 
.  Crown^  as  one  that  had  the  mightieft  andgreatefi  to 
wreflfe  with.  Then  it  foUoweth  that  I  regarded  it 
fo  mucbf  as  I  left  my  Life  behind  my  Care  \  and  fo 
you  fee  that  you  wrong  me  too  much  {If  any  /uch  there 
be.)  as  doubt  my  CoUnefs  in  that  Behalf;  for  if  I 
were  not  pfrfuaded  that  mine  were  the  true  Way  of 
•  .       Qofs  JVttU  Q^d  forbid  that  I  fhould  live  to  prefcribe 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      179 

tt  la  ym.  Take  ym  heed  lift  Ecclefiaftes  _^_y  '""oMer 
tea  true.  They  iliat  fear  the  hoary  Froft,  the  Sdow 
Ihali  fall  upon  them.  I  fie  many  ever-bold  with  • 
Gad  Mmighty,  mjiing  toa  many  Jitbtle  Scannings  ef 
his  bieffed  fflH,  as  Lawyen  da  with  human  Tijia- 
ments.  The  Prefumption  is  /o  grsat,  as  /  may  not 
j^ffff  ii  (yet  mind  I  net  lirely  te  animate  Romanifts, 
vhith  what  Advtrfur'm  they  be  tt  mint  Efiate,  is 
pffidtntly  known)  nur  tolerate  New-fanglednefs.  / 
vtfan  te  guide  them  bslh  by  Gad's  holy  true  Rule.  In 
both  Pattshe  Perils;  and  ef  the  latter  I  muji  pia- 
ncuttte  them  dangerous  to  a  Kingly  Rule,  to  have 
tviry  Man  according  to  his  own  Cenfurt  to  make  a 
Doom  of  the  l-'alidity  and  Privity  of  his  Prince's 
GevMrnment,  with  a  camman  Veil  and  Cover  of  God's 
ff^rd,  whofe  Followers  mull  not  be  judged  hut  by  pri' 
vote  Men's  Expo/ition.  God  defend  you  fiam  fucb 
a  Ruler  that  fo  evil  will  guide  you.  Now  I  con- 
ehdde  that  your  Love  and  Care  neither  is  nor  Jhall 
he  btftawed  upon  a  earelefs  Prince,  but  futh  as  hut 
fat:  your  Good-iyill  pafjhh  as  little  far  this  IVarla  as 
who  lareth  leaf,  with  thanks  for  your  free  Sub/idy, 
a-manif^Shew  of  the  Abundance  of  your  Good  Wills, 
the  which  I  qffiire  you  but  to  be  emplaned  to  your 
Weal,  I  could  be  betttr  pleafid  to  return  than 

After  this  Speech  was  ended,  her  Majefty,  in 
Perfon,  prorog,ued  this  Parliament  to  ihezoihDay 
of  May  next  enfuing. 

We  have  now  another  (horter  String  of  Proro- 
gations before  us,  which  continued  til!  this  Parlia- 
ment was  diifolved.  From  the  laft  mentioned 
Date,  it  was  again  prorogued,  at  fix  different 
Times,  without  any  inietvening  Sefiion,  to  the 
li^tb  of  September. 

Accordingly  on  that  Day,  the  Parliament  being 
met,  it  is  entered  in  the  Journals  of  the  Lords,  that 
whereas  this  prefent  Parliament  flood  prott^ued  to 
'he  faid  i^th  of  Stpfe'iiber,  yet  the  Queen  by  the 
Advise  of  h?r  Privy -Cauncil,  many  great  and  ur- 




»  a8o    ThBTnrlhimentary  Histori, 

QwenKiabrth  S^^"*  Caufes  occafioning  it  (d),  had  given  her  Lei- 

jsSj.       lers  Patents,  diretled   to   Sir  Thomas  Bremley  Ki. 

Chaticelior  of  England,  and  others  htx  Commif- 

iionew  to  dilfolye  this  Pailiamenl.     Which  Letters 

The  ParliiBient  Paient  being  read  in  the  Hoiife,    the  Lord  Chan- 

i\myti.  ^p[,pr  declared  it.lo  bediflblred  accordingly. 

The  Reader  may  obferve  that,  in  the  Proceedings 

of  the  lall  ScfTion  of  Parliament,  an  Apciatien  is 

mentioned  to  be  confirmed  by  an  Ait  pafled  for 

that  Piirpofe.     This  Invention  of  AJJociaiingva,  by 

Cambden,  appropriated  to  the  Politics  of  Dudley^ 

Earl  of  Leicefltr.     Rumours,  fays  he,  were  fpread 

every  where,  of  great  Dangers,  wicked  Defigns 

and  treacherous  Practices  againft  the  Queen  and 

Slate.     By  which,  the  politic  Eail  drew  in  Men  of 

al!  Degrees  and  Conditions,  throughout  England, 

to  bind  themfelves,  in  an  jfj/kiathn,  by  mutual 

Vow3,    Subfcriptions  and  Seals,   to  profecute'to 

Death,  as  far  as  lay  in  their  Power,  all  ihofe  that 

fhould  attempt  any  Thing  againft  the  Queen  (t). 

The  unhappy  Queen  of  Seals,  adds  our  Autho- 

The  Pro«Mding!  tity,  cafily  faA-  that  her  Deftrudlion  was,  chiefly^ 

sesir-ntheOgftnaimed  at  by  this  JJpciatisn.    To  prevent  the  fatal 

efScotsKVivcd,  jgg^  of  ij^  Qj^  jjjgjj.  j,g^  ]^(].  propofals  [o  the 

Englijh  Queen,  for  an  Accommodation  between 
them.  Thefe  Articles  were  fo  condefcending  and 
modeft,  ihal  Elizabeth  is  f^id  to  be  fo  far  moved 
by  them,  that  it  was  really  believed  fhe  purpofed 
tofet  her  at  Liberty.  Bur,  crafty  Counfcllora  ai 
Home,  who  were  perpetually  laying  new  Fears 
before  her,  and  the  faijlious  Stois,  with  their  Re- 
prefeniaiions,  prevented  it.  Thefe  k\ft,  urged 
itrongly,    *  That  there  was  no  Hopes  of  Queen 

*  Elizaietii'3  Siikiy;  if  their  Queen  was  fet  at  Li- 

*  berry.     That  both  Kingdoms  were  undone  if 

*  flie  was  admitted  to  be  Partner  with  her  Son  in 

*  the  Kingdom.     That  the  true  Religion  in  Bfi- 

*  icifi  was  ruined,  if  fhe  was  to  be  allowed  the 
*■  Exercifeof  the  Rorirjh  Religion,   though  it  wa; 

*  hul  V(i\\nn  the  Court- Walls.* 


(rf)  iWiWi'mi  graviBlmif^t  Caafn  ir^ifiiHitntiiy!,  it  Nr^riiiis  iia 
(t;  i,ambtin  in  Kama,  Pag.  499. 

Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      281 

Thefe  Remonftrances  from  the  Queen  of  S«"QMeenHlii>tritl 
own  Subjedts,  chiefly,   fomented  by  a  Set  ot  hot-        >s^S- 
headed  enthufiaftial  Preachers  amongft  them,  gave 
the  EngHJh  Government  a  fomewhat  better  Pretext 
to  keep  her  imprifoned.     In  which  Condition  fhe 
continued  to  the  Year,   i;86,  when  a  bold  Con- 
fpiracy  was  fet  on  Foot  to  dehver  her ;     the  Ori- 
ginal and   Progrefs  of  which  we  (hall   leave  to 
Cambden  and  our  larger  Hiftorians:  It  is,  only,  ne- 
ceilary  here  to  obferve,  that  this  Con  fpiracy  proved 
fatal  to  the  poor  QLieen,  and  drew  in  an  EngUjh  Par- 
liament to  vole  her  Deftruftion.     She  was  tried  by  a  she  is  ,,it4  b„  , 
Committee  of  Lords,  and  oi'ners,  fent  down  to  Ft-  Committee  of 
f^r/wf  %  Caftle  for  thatPurpofe;  and  though  flieW'-  ^""^ 
made  a  noble  and  a  bold  Defence,  offering  to  refer  rf'S^hT""" 
her  Cauie  to  a  ful!  Engtijh  Parliament,  fhe  was 
foundguilty  and  received  Sentence  accordingly. 
The  Subftance  of  which  Trial  will  appear  in  the 
Proceedings  of    the  next  Parhament.     But  it  is 
neceflary  to  take  Notice,   here,  that  a  Declaration 
was  publi{hed,  the  fame  Day   the  Sentence  was 
given,  by  the  CommilTioners  and  the  Judges,  That 
thefai/l  Senlente  did  mtMng  derogate  from  James 
King  «f  Scots,   m  his  Title  and  Honnur ;    but  that 
he- was  in  the  fame  Place,  Degree  and  Right,  as  if 
the  faid  Sentence  had  never  been  pronaunced. 

Writs  were  fent  out  to  call  a  new  Parliament,       _     . 
to  meet  at  mjiminpr,    the  isih  Day  of  Oaobir,       ,;S6^'  '^' 
in  the  28tb  Year  of  this  Reign.     From  that  Day,  Ai  Wrftniinfttr. 
Jiir  divers  good  Caufes  and  Coiifiderations,  the  Par- 
liament was  prorogued  to  the  syih,    and  from 
thence  to  the  29ih  of  the  fame  Month  (f).     On 
which  Day  the  whole  Body  of  Lords  and  Com- 
mons being  alTemhled,  in  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  ex- 
pefting  the  Coming  of  the  Queen,  the  Lord  Chan- 
cellor informed  them,  that  great  and  urgent  Bufi- 
nefa  prevented  her  Majefty  from  being  prefentjTht  Pirliunent 
but  that  (he  had  by  her  Letters  Patents,  conftitu-  "pcnsd  by  com- 
led  and  appointeij  the  Moft  Reverend  Father  in """''"' 

(F)  Sentence  wa!,  only,  given  agjinft  the  Qneea  of  &.'i,  on  the 
35tn  of  this  Mnnth,  fo  tiuc  ihcfc  Jhort  Proroptions  were  made  [ill 
(bit  Tiyal  w»  over. 

2  8  3     The  Tarliamcntary  H  i  s  T  o  a  t  ' 

QijefoElinbetli.  CMV?,  yci"  Arclibifliopof  Canterbury  ;  IVilliam 
'J"-  C«;7,  I.ord  Burleigh,  Lord  High-Treafurer  of 
England  ;  and  Henry,  Eail  of  Derby,  Lord  High- 
Steward,  her  Mdiefty's  Comininiorers;  in  b^  . 
Name,  to  hold  and  do  every  Thing  thai  was  m 
celiary  for  her  in  ihis  prefent  Parliament,  Whiq^^ 
LeCiers  Patents  being,  openly,  read  in  the  Houft| 
the  laid  three  Lord  Cominiflioners  left  itieir  owr^^ 
Seals  and  went  tu  a  Seat  prepared  for  ihcm,  on  q| 
Riglit-fide  of  the  Chair  ot  Stale,  beneath  lhcSteH| 
Then  the  Lord  Chancellor,  after  going  firft  to  iq 
Idtd  Lords  and  conferring  with  them,  (rom  his  aa^ 
turtomed  Place  fpoke  lo  the  Hobles  to  this  Efic^ 
The  Lord  Chin-  '  That  ihe  preienc  Parliament  was  fumnione^ 
erflor'i Speed),   '  for  no  ufual  Caufes }  not   for   making  of  ne^f 

*  Laws,  whereof  her  Majefty  thought  there  we^ 

*  more  made  than  executed  j  nor  for  Subfuliei  aaf. 
'  Fifieenibi,   of  which,  although  there  was  lb;q 
'  Occalion  for  them,  yet  her  M;yelly  would   ng 
'  charge    her  loving  Subjects,  at  this  Time; 
'  the  Caufe  was  rare  and  exiraordinatyj  otgrf^ 

*  Weight,  great  Peril,  and  dangerous  Confequcnca^ 
'  He  then  declared  what  Dangers  had  been  caA 
'  irivedoflaie,  and  how  miraculoufly  the  mercifB 
'  Providenceof  God,  by  the  Difcovery  thereof  b^ 
'  yond  all  Human  Policy,  had  prelerved  her  Mif 
'  jefty.     The  Deftruttion  of  whofe  Sacied  Perif 

*  Ion   was  moft  traitoroully  imagined  and  deligr 

*  ned  to  becompafled.'  ,,. 
He  then  fliewed,    '  what  Mifery  the  Lo(s  of  % 

'  noble  a  Queen  wouldhave  brought  loallEllateai; 

*  thai  ahhuugh  fome  of  thefe  Traitors  had  fuffere^' 
'  according  to  their  Demerits,  yet  one  remained* 
'  that  by  due  Courfe  of  Law  had  received  her  Sco-t 
'  lencc  ;  which  was  the  chief  Caufe  of  this  Aflein>> 
'  bly,  and  wherein  her  Majefly  required  ihetr  faith- 

^^^  *  ful  Advice.     Wherefore,  fa  id  he,  that  you  Qiay 

,  ■o'i'J  '  ufually  and  orderly  proceed  herein,  you   of  th« 

m  '  Commor.sHoufe,  arc  to  make  prefent  Choice  of 

K'  '  fome  one  amongfl  you  lu  be  your  Speaker,  and 

^t  '  prefeni:  to  the  Lords-Lieurenanis  as  foon  as  con-'! 

^fc^^^  '  vepiently  you  may.'    After  which  the  Clerk  of 
^^K  Fai- 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      285 

Parliament  read  the  Names  of  thofe  who    were  Qjj„[ 
appointed  to  receive  and  iry    the  Petitions  offer- 
ed to  this  Parliament  ;  anJ  then  the  Lords-Lieu- 
lenatits  adjourned  it  to  Monday  ncxr. 

It  is  eary  to  guefs  the  Reafon  that  the  Queen  came 
not  10  the  Houfe  was  an  affefted  Tendernefe  in  her,  : 

to  fit  in  Judgment,  as  it  were,  on  the  Life  of  lb         ,  ,    .  _j 
neara  Relation.     Although  Camhden  obferves,  that  -^^cjB  1 

appointing  Commiflioners  to  afl  in  her  Name  was  ' 

not  without  Precedent. 

On  Monday,  the  laft  Day  of  OBabtr,  the  Com-  John  Puckerini,  ' 
mons  prefenlcd  to    the   Lords-Lieuienants  fahn^^v,  f^^fA 
Futhring,  Efq;   Serjeant  at  Law,  as  their  Speak- ^'*''''"" 
er  J  who,  with  the  ufual  Forms,  was  admitted  by 
them,  which  was  all  that  was  done  thai  Day  ;  and 
then  the  Houfe  was  adjourned  to  Friday,  Nivember 
the  4tii.     On  whichDayalfo,  nothing  is  entered 
in  ihc  Journals. 

But,  the  next  Day  the  Bufirels  began.  The 
Lord  Chancellor  made  another  Speech  to  the  Lords, 
in  which  he  fct  forth  the  foul  and  indilcreet  Deal- 
ing, praftifed  by  the  Queen  of  Scots,  againft  her 
Majedy  and  the  whole  Realm  j  notwithftanding 
the  many'great  Benefits  and  Favours  which  the  faid 
-  Queen  ofS«/J  had  received  of  her  Majefty.  Af- 
ter the  Chancellor  had  ended,  JVilliam  Lord  Bur- 
liigh.  Lord  Treafurer,  ftood  up ;  and,  aa  one  unto 
whom  the  whole  Proceedings  of  the  faid  Queen  of 
5«W  were  better  known,  becaufe  of  his  long  Ser- 
vices to  his  Mod  Gracious  Sovereign  Lady,  ever 
lince  the  Beginning  of  her  Reign,  related  them,  at 
large  to  the  Houfe.  Which  two  Speeches  made 
the  whole  Bufmefs  of  that  D-iy. 

To  malcc  the  Proceedings  of  this  Parliament, 
againft  this  unhappy  Queen,  more  intelligible  to  our 
Readers,  we  lliall  join  thofe  of  the  Lords  and 
Commons  together.  And,  we  are  told,  in  the 
Jaurnah  of  the  latter,  lliat.  on  November  the  3d, 
whilll  a  private  Bill  was  reading,  and  one  Mem- 
ber offering  to  fpeak  to  it,  Mi  Vice  Chamberlain, 
•  Sir  Chriftipher  Hatton,  ftoud  up  and  told  the 
Houfe,  '  That  having  MaLter  olmofl:  great  Im- 


1S4     Tbe  ^Parliamentary  HisTort. 

<tB««nI]itibtih.  ponance  10  deliver  unto  ihis  Houfe,  from  her  Ma- 

15S6.        jcfty,  he  was  To  bold,  with  iheit  good  Favours,  for 

this  Time  to   interrupt  the  Speech    intended  by 

the    Gentlemen    that    offered    to    (peak    Jo    the  ■ 

.  faid  Bill And  then  fhewed,  that  her  Majc- 

H«ton^°^.".fty 'linking  that  all thofc  of  this  Houfe,  which  were  . 

ChargtiEdnfttho  lately  ill  the  Higher  Houfe  when  the  Lord  Chao- 

Q««nofScots.  cellor  declared  the  Caufe  of  her  Highnels'a  fum*; 
motiingof  ihisParliaraent,  coiild  not  hear  the  [amcj 
and  aifo  that  many  of  the  Members  of  this  Houfd 
now  here  prefent,  were  not  then  come  up  or  retur- 
ned ;  commanded  him  to  deliver  unto  this  Houft 
the  Summary  Caiife  of  her  Majefty's  Calling  an4 
Affembling  ofihis  great  CounLil  at  this  Time  1 
which  was  (he  faidj  not  to  maVe  any  more  Laws, 
as  being  many  more  already  ihan  wtll  executed  1 
nor  yet  any  Su/i/idy,  albeit,  if  need  fo  reijuircd,  the 
fame  were  convenient  enough  to  be  done  ;  but 
(faid  he)  to  confult  for  luch  Maaers  as  the  like 
wer?  never  almoft  heard  cf,  noi  any  Parliament 
called  for,  in  former  Time,  that  can  be  found, 
or  read  of.  And  fo  lery  excellently,  plainly,  an4 
efFedually,  made  Relation  of  the  hornhle  and  wic- 
ked Praftices,  and  Attempts,  caufed  and  procure^  , 
by  the  Qv^ecn  of  Seals ,  fo  called  ;  meerly  tending  ra 
the  Ruin  and  Overthrow  of  ihe  rrue  and  lincerc 
Religion  eftabliflied  in  this  Realm  ;  the  InvalioTi  of 
Ihis  Realm  by  Foreign  Forces  i  Rebellion  and  Ci- 
vil Wars,  and  Di1'entioi;s  within  this  Realm. 
Yea,  and  wiibal  (which  his  Heart  quaked  and  trem- 
bled to  uticr  and  think  on)  the  Deaih  and  Deftruc- 
tion  of  the  Moft  Sacred  Perlon  of  our  Moll  Gra- 
cious Sovereign  Lady  the  Qiieen's  Majefty  j  to  the 
,  litter  Defolation  and  Conqueft  of  ihis  Moft  Noble 

Realm  of  England.  And  lo  difcouriing  of  the  Mat- 
ter, an,d  the  great,  execrable  Treacheries  and  Con- 
fpiracies  of  the  faid  i^'een  of  S'lsts^  even  from  the 
firft  to  the  la(t,  in  Particutaritic;  very  amply  and  cf* 
feftually  [fuch  of  ihcm,  at  the  leall,  as  have  been 
hitherto  difcovered)  (hewing  alfo,  very  manifeflljr  | 
and  evidently,  the  Proof?  and  all  other  Circum-     ' 

Usances  of  the  fame  Treachery  and  Confpiracies  4 

Of   ENGLAND,      aSi 

and   fo  ihinketh  good,  for  his  ParD,  [hat  fpeedyQuBrnHiirtaj. 
Confuliaiion  be  had  by  ihis  Houfe  for  the  Cmiing        »s8e. 
of  her  off  by  Courfe  o(  Juftice  ;  for  thai  olherwife 
our  faid  Sovereign   Lady,   the  Queen's  Majefty's 
Moll  Royal  Perfon,  cmnoibe  continued  with  Safe- 
ty j  concluding  with  this  Sentence, 
'  Nepireat\ins\,pireat  Abfolon.' 

This  Speech  was  feconded  by  the  Chancellor 
of  the  Exchequer,  the  Chancellor  of  che  Duchy, 
and  Mr  Secretary  If'eoly;  who  all  fpoke,  at  large, 
to  the  fame  Point ;  reciting  the  horrible  Trealbns 
and  Confpiracies,  caufcd  and  procured  by  the  faid 
Queen  of  S«/j.  Which  Speeches  being  ended,  the  l",^" 
Houfe  refolved  to  rcfume  the  Affair  oa  the  Mor- 

Accordingly,  on  the  next  Day,  the  Houfe  being 
reminded,  by  the  Speaker,  of  going  upon  the  GrcoK 
Caufc-,  as  iney  termed  it,  feveral  more  Speeches 
Were  made  by  other  Minilters  of  State  ;  as,  alfo, 
by  Sir  fVilliam  Herbert, Si\!  Thsmoi Salt ^yii Fran- 
tis  Bacen,  Mr  J/fard,  Mr  ThrogmOrlBn,  Mr  Bar- 
ker, Mr  Dalton,  Mr  Btiyabrigg^  and  Mr  SollJcitor ; 
all  Vehement  againft  the  Queen  of  Scots^  charging 
her  with  ireafonable  Pnidices  againft  the  Life  of 
the  Queen,  and  procuring  a  Foreign  Invalion  to 
further  thofe  Attempts,  Concluding,  that  fuch 
Prafliccs  could  ncverbe  prevented  hereafter,  unleis 
the  laid  Scsttijh  Queen  did  prefently  fuffer  the  Ex-  \ 

ccution  due  to  julticeand  her  Deferts. 

It  was  then  moved  that  a  Committee  fliould  be 
appointed  to  confider  of  a  Petition  to  her  Majefly, 
to  that  Purpofe,  and,  alfo,  to  rcqueft  the  Lords,  if 
they  thought  guod,  to  join  with  them  in  it.  Ac- 
cordingly, a  Commiitte  was  appointed  of  all  the 
Privy-Council  belonging  to  that  Houle,  and  forty- 
four  other  Members.  There  is  an  Entry  made 
in  this  Journal  oi  the  Conclufion  of  a  Speech,  faid 
to  be  fpoke  by  one  Mr  Geerge  MsDre,  who  averred, 
*"  That  only  Pepiry  is  the  thief  and  principal  Root 

*  of  all  the  late  horrible  and  wicked  Treacheries 

*  and  Prailices,  and  the  Qyeen  of  Sm^  a  principal 



1  %6     The  Tiirliamentary  H  i  stor  y 

•h.*  Branch,  ifluing  from  the   fame  Root,  and  the 

*  molt  peiillous  and  full  ofPoifon  of  all  the  other 

*  Branche.'!;  for  that  the  Papi/h,  in  very  deed,  for 

*  the  moft  Part,  not  knowing  ihe  Perlon  ofthe 
'  laidQjteen  oi Scots,  do  wifh  the  EJiablrfhing  of 

*  her  in  ilie  Crown  of  this  Realm,  rather  in  re- 

*  fpefl;  of  Piipiry,  fwhich  fhe  would  fet  up)  than 

*  for  any  Afftdion  tliey  bear  to  her  Perfon  ;  and 

*  fo  likewife,  for  the  moll  Part,  all  of  them  either 
'  wifli  or  could  eafily  bear  the  Death  of  our  Sove- 
'  reign  Lady  ihe  Queen's  Majefty,  though,  pcr- 

*  haps,  they  would  not  ihew  iheinfeU'es  to  be  Ac- 
'  tors  or  Dealers  therein.'  He  therefore  moveth, 
'  That  it  may  be  joined  in  the  Petition  for  the 
'  Great  Caufe  ;  That  her  Majefty  may  be  moved 

*  to  retain  no  Servants  about  her  Highnels's  Perfon,. 
'  but  fuch  only  as  may  be  well  known  both  to  pro- 

*  fels  the  true  and  fincere  Religion,  and  alfo  to  be 
'  every  Way  true  and  faithful  SubjeiSts.'  And 
hirther  '  That  the  Laws  already  in  Force  againft 
'  Papifls  may  be  put  in  due  Execution'. 

'Thefe  Speeches  beingended,  Mr  Speaker  fhewed, 
that  the  faid  Motion,  or  any  other,  tending  to 
the  Safety  of  her  Majefty's  Perfon,  may  be  very 
well  delivered  and  remembred  to  the  Committees 
in  the  Great  Ceuje,  by  any  Member  ofthe  Houfe.' 

Navtmbtr  the  7th.  Whilfl  the  Lords  were  de- 
bating the  Matierof  the  Queen  of  ScuH^  theCom- 
mons  came  up,  and  defired  a  Conference  with  feme 
of  their  Lordfhips,  wh;ir  Number  they  fliouU 
pleafe  to  appoint,  about  the  Affair  of  the  Sattijh 
Queen,  which  had  been  opened  to  them.  Where- 
upon, the  Lords  appointed  the  ArchWHiops  of  Cari' 
itrbury  and  JiiTif,  the  Lord  Treaforer,  the  Lord 
Stfward  ;  the  Earls  of  Nmbumberland,  Kent,  Rut- 
Itind,  and  SuJ/ex  ;  rhc  Bifliops  of /.^nrfffn,  Durham, 
mnchfjler,  and  tVi^nrfter ;  the  lord-Admiral, 
the  Lord-Chamberlain  i  the  hoids- Cttkafn^Grty, 
Lumleyy  Ghandsis,  Bacthurjl,  De  la  (fare,  and 
Narris,  for  the  Conference.  The  Place  of  Meet- 
ing was  the  outward  Parlisment-Chdmbcr,  at  Two 
in  the  Aflemoon.  There  was,  alfo,  appointed  to  . 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       287 

attend  the  faid  Lords,  the  Lord  Chief- J  uftice  of  the  „^ 
Common-Pleas,  the  Chief-Baron,  and  Mr  Juftice 
G audit. 

The  next  Day  nothing  was  done  in  that  Houfe ; 
but  the  Day  fulbwing,  My.  gih,  fcveral  Letters 
were  read,  as  we!I  from  Anthony  Babington  to  llje 
Queen  of  Scsts,  as  from  her  to  him.  Char  Us  Tegitt^ 
and  others.  The  Sentence  pronounced  by  the 
Commiffioners,  againft  the  Scsti  Qijecn,  was  a!fo 
read.  And  a  Form  of  a  Peiition  agieed  upon  by 
the  Commir  tees  of  both  Houfes. 

November  loih.  This  Day  the  Lortis  of  the 
Commirtee  made  Report  to  the  whole  Houfe, 
TTiat  thofe  of  liic  Commons,  upon  hearing  of  the 
Sentence,  and  divers  of  the  Special  Evidences  and 
Proofs,  on  which  the  Sentence  was  grounded, 
openly  read  unto  ihem,  after  long  Deliberation  and 
Conlideraiion  had  betwixt  them,  both  puhlickly  and 
privately,  they  all,  with  one  AfTeni,  allowed  the 
faid  Sentence  to  be  juft,  true,  and  honourable  ;  and 
that  the  Commons  humbly  defited  their  Lordfhipj 
to  make  Choice  of  fuch  Numbei  of  Lords  as  ihey 
fhbuld  think  meet  to  join  with  them  in  petitioning 
her  Majefty.  Whereupon,  the  Lords  made  Choice 
of  the  following,  mj:;:  the  Lord  Chancellor,  the 
Lord  Treafurer,  the  Lord  Great  Chamberlain,  the 
Lord  Steward  ;  the  Earls  ot Nmhumberknd,  Kent, 
Rutland,  Suffix,  Pmireie,  and  Hertford ;  the  Lord 
High-Admiral  and  the  Lords  Abergavemiy,  Zouch, 
Morley,  Cobham,  Grey,  Lutnley,  Chandsss,  Buckhurji, 
De  la  IP'are,  and  N^rris. 

Memsrandum.  The  Commons  made  a  Re- 
queft  to  have  the  Petition  airentcd  iinto  by  both  ihc 
Houfes,  tobe  enrolled  in  the  Rolls  of  Parliament  ; 
which  their  Lordfhips  thought  better  to  defer,  until 
her  Majefty 's  Liking  or  Dilliking  of  it  was  tittt  haJ 
of  the  (ame. 

The  fame  Day  the  Houft  of  Lord^  was  ad- 
journed to  November  15th,  to  ftive  Time,  wc 
fuppofe,  for  ihe  Petition  to  be  prelenred.  From  the 
laft- mentioned  Day,  it  was  adjourned  ugain  to  Sd- 
turday^  the  iqth,  and  from  ihcnce,  cncc  more,  to 

'The  Parliamentary  Historit 

rQueenlliubeihthe  22d  of  the  fame  Month,  without  any  .thing 
•s86.  being  entered  in  their  "Jaurnais. 
In  this  Time,  the  Petition  was  prefented  to  thtf 
Qiieen  by  the  faid  Comniitlee  of  Lords,  and  the 
Members  of  the  Houle  of  CommDns,  who  were, 
of  the  Privy- Council,  with  as  many  more  of" 
that  Body  as  lo  make  up  the  Number  of  forty- 
two-  Saturday,  the  nth  of  Novimbsrt  was- 
the  Day  appointed  by  the  Queen  lo  receive  it  i^ 
when  the  Lord  Chancellor,  in  the  Name  oflhs' 
Lords,  and  on  Behslf  of  the  Commons,  declared 
unto  her  Majefty,  That  both  Houfes,  after  manjr^ 
Conferences,  and  long  Confullations,  had  concludrt  * 
to  be  humble  Suitors  to  her  Majeiiy,  by  Wayof> 
Petition  i  the  Effeft  whereof  was  declared,  a^4 
length,  unto  her,  by  the  Orators  aforefaiJ,  and  thof"' 
Petition,    itfelf,  delivered  to  her  Majefty  in  Wn*  ■ 

The  jQUi-Tialift  halh  given  us,  from  an  authcn-' 
tic  Copy  of  his  own,  a  Series  of  Notes,  Which,  be 
fays,  were  made  Ufe  of  by  the  Speaker,  in  his  O-  ■ 
ration  to  the  Queen,  on  this  Occafion.  Which* 
for  fear  of  making  this  Matter  too  tedious,  we  pur-. 
pofely  omit  (£).  In  it  the  Orator  difplayed  mow 
of  the  Siatefnian  and  Lawyer,  than  of  the  Chrif- 
,  "*  lian.  But  we  haften  to  the  Words  of  the  Peti-?' 
tion  itfelf  ;  which,  with  the  Anfwer  to  it,  ata 
both  preferved  by  the  Htfiorian  of  this  Reign  i 
the  latter  being  only  fumm^i  ily  mentioned  in  the 

Mdyit  pleafe  your  Moft  Excellent  MajeJ}}^  aur  MbJI 
Graciaus  Sovereigti^ 

A '.iint  p<^i;ii>.n  '  A^tT"^'  ^'"^'  humble,  loving,  add   faithful 
fnm"'ti.e''  ilral '     V V       Subje£ts,  the  Lords  and  Commons  in-  * 

XDd    CLmmcin!,  '  this  ptcfent  Parliament  aflsmbled,  having  of  longi  ,j 

F,-r„.|.t  T'jfne^  tQ  our  intolerable  Grief,  feen  by  how  ma-,  I 

■"'  nifold,  moft  dRngerous,  and  execrable  PraflJces,   * 

'  Maty,  Daughter  and  Heir  of  Jamu   V.  late 

'  King  of  Smtii  Dowager  of  France^  coiBtlionly 

fe)  D-r-^'. 



0/    ENGLAND. 


*  called   the  Queen  of  Scots,  hath  compafled  thcQ^^^j 
'  Deftruflion  of  your  Mnjelly's  MoA  Sacred  and        i 

*  RoynlPerfon;  in  ivliofc  Safely  (next  under  God) 
'   our  chief  and  only  Kelidiy  doih   conlift  :  And 

*  thereby  not  only  to  bereave  us  of  the  Sincere  and 

*  True  Religion  of  Almighty  God,  bringing  us 

*  and  this  noble  Crown  back  again  into  the  Thral- 
'  dom  of  the  Ramijh  Tyranny  ;  but    alfo  utterly 

*  to  ruinate  and   overlhrow  the   happy  State  and 

*  Commonwealth  of  this  Moft  Noble  Realm. 
'  Which  being,  from  Time  to  Time,  by  the  great 
'  Mercy  and  Providence  of  God,  and  your  High- 

*  nefs's  lingular  Wifdoin,  foreleen  and  prevented  j 
your  Majefty,  of  your  exceeding  grtat  Clemency, 
4nd  princely  Magnanimity,  hath  moft  gracioufly 
pafled  over,  (although  often  and  inftanily  moved 
by  your  moft  loving  and  faithful  Subjects,  to  the 

*  contrary,  in  Times,  in  your  Parliaments,  and  at 
'  many  other  Times)  and  haih  alio  protcded  and 
'  defended  the  faid  Sconijh  Queen  from  thofe  great 
'  Dangers,  which  her  own  PeL>p!e,  for  certain 
'  dcteft^ble  Crimes  and   grievous  Oft'ences  to  her 

*  imputed,  hath  determined  agaJnft  her.    All  which 

*  notwithftanding,  the  faid  Queen  was  nothing 
f  moved  withthcfe  and  many  other  your  Majefty 's 
p-moft  gracious  Favours  toward  her  ;  but  rather 
^'bbdurate  in  Malice,  and,  by  Hope  of  continual 
'  Impunity,  imbolden'd  to  profecute  her  cruel  and 

*  mifchievous  Determination,  by  fonie  fpecdy  and 

*  violent  Courfe;  and  now  lately  a  very  Dangerous 
y    Plot,  being  conceived  and  let  down  by /^n/isnr 

*  Babingtm  and  others.    That  fix  defperate  and 

*  wicked  Peifons  ihould  undertake  that  wicked 
and    moft   horrible  Entcrprze,    to  take   away 

*  your  Majefty's  Life,  (whom  God,  of  hisinfi- 
'bitc  Mercy,  long  pre(ervc)  ihe  did  not  only  give 
her  Adviceand  Direction  upon  every  Point,  and 
all  Circumftances concerning  the  fame;  and  make 
eaineft  Requeft  to  have  itperform'd  with  ail  Di- 
lij^ence  ;  but  did  alfo  p  cmife  Aflurance  of  large 
Reward  and  Recompence  to  the  Doers  thereof. 
Vol.  IV.  T  WhicH 



ajjo     The  Tarliamentary  H  i  stort 

1. '  Which  being  inform'd  to  your  Majeily,  it  pleaf- 
'  ed  your  Highnefs,  upon  the  earnell  Suit  ot  fuch 
'  as  [endeted  the  Safety  of  your  Royal  Perfon,  and 
'  the  good  and  quiet  State  of  this  Realm,  to  diredt 

*  your  Commimoii,  under  the  Great  Sea!  of  Eng- 
'  \a)id,  to  the  Lords  and  others  ot"  your  Highnefs's 

*  Privy-Council,  and  certain  other  Lords  of  Par- 

*  liament,  ot  the  greateft  and  moft  antient  Degree, 

*  with  !bme  of  your  principal  Judges,  to  examine, 

*  hear,  and  determine  the  fame  Caufe  ;  and  there- 
'  upon  lo  give  Sentence  or  Judgment,  according 
'  to  a  Statuic  in  that  Behalf  made,  in  the  iwenty- 
'  feventh   Year    of   your  moil  gracious  Reign, 

*  By  virtue  whereof,  the  more  Part  of  the  fame 
'  Commiflioners,    being   in    Number  thirty-fix, 

*  having  at  fundry  Times  fully  heard  what  was  al- 

*  [edged  and  proved  againft  the  faid  Siottijh  Queen, 

*  in  her  own  Prefence,  touching  the  faid  Crimes 
'  and  Otftnces,  and   what  (he  could  fay  for  her 

*  Defence  and  Excufe  therein  -,  did,  af[er  long 
'  Deliberation,  give  their  Sentence  and  Judgment, 

■ .  *  with  one  Coiifent,  That  the  Death  and  Deftruc- 
"^'  tion  of  your  Royal  PtrloH,   was  imagined  and 

*  compafled  by  the  faid  Anthony  Babinglgn^  with 
'  the  Privity  of  the  faid  Sceltijfj  Queen  ;  and  that 
'  fhe  did  alfo  compafs  and  imagine  the  Death  and 

*  DeitrudtionofyourMoft  Royal  Perfon.  Now, 
'  forafmuch  as  we,  your  Majefty's  moft   humble, 

*  ioyal  and  dutiful  Subjeds,  tcprefeniing  unto  your 

*  Moft  Excellent  M.ijcfty,  the  univerfa!  Stale  of 

*  your  whole   People  of  M  Degrees  in  this  your 

*  Realm,  do  veil  perceive,  and  are  fully  fatisfied, 
»  that  the  Sentence  and  Judgment  is  in  all 
'  Things  molt  honourable,  juil  and  lawful  ;  an.d 

*  havin;^  carefully  and  eff>  dually,  according  looiir 
'  moft  boundcn  Duties,  weighed   and  conlidered, 

'  upon  what  Ground  and  Caufe,  fo  many  iraitcr- 

*  ous  and  dangerous  Practices,  againll  your  Moft 

*  Royal  Perfon  and  Eilatc,  and  lor  the  Invading  of 

*  iliis  Realm,  have,  fori  he  Space  of  many  Years 
'  paft,  grown  and  proceeded  ;  do  certainly  find, 

,'  and  are  undoubtedly  pcrfuadcd,  that  ali  [he  lame 
'  have 

f         Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      291 

•  have  been,  from  Time  to  Time,  atiempled  and  QuEcnEiiiiteib. 

*  prsdiled  by  and  from  the  Siotti/h  Q_.een,  and        ,536. 
'  by  her  Confederates,  Minifters,  and  Favourers  j 

t*  who  conceive  an  ali'urcd  Hope  to  aichieve  fpee- 
F'^ily,  by  your  Majefty's  uniimely  Death,  that 
f-which  they  have  long  cxpefled,  and  whereof, 
'  during  your  Life,  fwhich  God  long  preferve,  to 
*  our  ineiiirnable  Comfort)  they  defpair ;  to  wit,  10 
*  place  her,  the  faid  &cotti/h  Queen,  in  the  Impe- 
'*  rial  and  Kingly  Seat  of  this  Realm,  and  by  her 
'  to  banilTi  and  dcftroy  the  Profeflbrs  and  Profef- 

*  finii  of  the  True  Religion  o{  Je/us  Chri/ly  and  tlie 

*  antient  Nobility  of  this  Land  i  and  to  bring  this 

*  whole  Stale  and  Commonweal  lo  Foreign  Sub- 

*  jeflion,  and  utter  Ruin  and  Confufion  ;  which 
r  iheir  malicious  and  traiierous  Purpofe  they  will 
»  never  ceafe  to  prcfecute,  by  all  poifible  Means 
t  they  can,  fo  long  as  they  may  have  their  Eyes  and 
f  Imaginations  fixed  upon  that  Lady,  the  only 
'Ground  of  theirtreafonable  Hope  and  Conceiis, 
I  and  the  only  Seed  Plot  of  all  dangerous  and  trai- 
'  teroiis  Dcvkts  and  Pradlices,  againft  your  S;icred 

B?  Perfon.  And  feeing  alfo  what  inlblent  Boldnela 
7  is  grown  in  the  Heart  of  the  fame  Queeni  through 
r  your  Majefty's  former  exceeding  Favours  to- 
^  wards  her  i  and  thereupon  weighing,  with  hea- 
■EI*'  vy  and  forrowful  Hearts,  in  what  continual  Pe- 
r*"  ril  in  fuch-like  defperate  Confpiracies  and  Prac- 

*  tices,  your  Majefty's  Moft  Royal  and  Sacred 
'  Perfon  and  Life  fmoiedear  unto  us  than  our 

*  own)  is  and  ihall  be  ftill,  without  any  poffible 
■  Means  to  prevent  it,  fo  long  as  the  faid  Stottijh 

*  Queen  (hall  be  fuffered  tocontinue,  and  fliall  not 

*  receive  that  due  Punifiiment,  which,  by  Juftice 

*  and  the  Liws  of  thi?  your  Realm,  (he  hath,  fo 
'  often,  and  fo  many  Ways,  for  her  moft  wicked 
'  and  deieftablc  Ofienccs,    deferved:  Therefore, 

*  and  for  that  we  tind,  that  if  the  faid  Lady  (hall 

*  now  elcapcthe  due  and  deferved  Punifliment  of 
'  Death  for  tiiefe  her  moft  execrable  Treafons  and 

*  OiFences  \   your  Highnefs'a  Royal   Perfon  flwll 

*  be  cxpofed  unto   many  more,   and  thofe  more 

T  a  '  fccrei 

apa    VxTarliamentary  Histori 

QscenEh^mb.*  tecTCt  xoA  (Uogieiouf  Cooipuadcs,  than  before  ; 
1 5B6,       *  aDd  fuch  IS  uoli  Doi,  til  cuDoi,  be  kwefaen  or 

*  dilcotrcrediasthcCebeTUte  Ancnptsfa 
'  and  (hall  not  benafter  be  fo  wdlafa' 
'  Kay  ibe  Grouod  aod  Occafitoi  of  t 
'  now,  by   Juiticei  may  and  ought  t 

*  We  io  moH  buinbly  beieedi  your  B' 

*  kntMajefty,  ihai,  aswelliniefp  " 

*  tinuaDce  of  the  True  RcligiOD  n 
'  niorgftut,  and  of  ibeSaferyofyour  b 

*  PctIod  and  in  tegarci  of  ihe  P 

*  onandDn^iceof  usyourMoftLovmgjDudl 

*  and  Fahhfut  Subjects,  and  the  whole  Comm 
'  Wealth  of  this  Realm,  il  may  pieafe  youi  V 

*  nefs  to  take  ifccdy  Order,  That  Deck 
'  the  fame  Seinence  and  Jtjdgnier.t  be  i 

*  publUh'd  by  Proclamaiian,  and  that  l 
'  Direflion  be  given  for  ftiriha  Proccc  " 

*  the  laid  Saitijb  Queen,  atcoiding  1 

*  and  true  Meaning  of  the  laid  S;aiiiii 

*  upon  ad viied  and  great  Contul'.ation,  vrec 

*  6nd  that  there  is  any  pofIi5le  Means  to  | 
'  for  your  Majefty's  Safely,  but  by  ibe  jt  _ 

*  fpeedy  Execution  of  Che  laid  Queen,  the  Neg 

*  ting  whereof  may  pioaire  the  heavy  Difplea 
'  and  Punifhmcnt  of  Almighty  God,  as  by  fuc 

*  fevere  Examples  of  his  great  Jufticc  in  that  I 
'  half,  left  us,  in  the  Sacied  Scripiiues,  doih  appi 
'  And  if  liie  fame  be  not  ptit  inprercnt  Executii 
'  VFC  your  Motl  Loving  and  Dutiful  Subje^  £ 
'  ihereby  (fo  far  as  Mdn's  Realbn  can  reach)  _ 
'  broughi  intouitei  Dclpair  of  ine  Contmuano^jl 

*  amongfl:  us,  of  the  True  Religion  of  Almightf  J 
«  God,  and  of  your  Majefty'a  Life,  and  the  SafeiyJ 

*  of  all  your  faithful  Sut-jefls,  and  the  good  EliatCil 
'  of  this  Mod  Floutilhing  CommoQwcalih.' 

After  hearing  the  Petition  read,  the  Queen  with 
great  Majefty,  both  of  Countcnange  and  Speech, 
lays  our  Hiftorian,  anfwered  to  this  Purpofe  : 

S  O 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       2;i3 

^0  many  and  fo  great  are  the  untneafurahle  GracM  Qu«nEIiaibeth. 

^  and  Benefits  bejio'-ivcd  upon  me  by  the  Almighty,  ist' 
that  I  mu/i  not  ertty  moft  humbly  achiowledge  Vm  as 
Benefits,  but  admire  'em  as  ATiractes,  being  in  no  Jin  The  Que 
able  la  exprefs  'em.  jfudtha'  none  alive  tan  merej^-  Anfvn. 
ly  acknowledge  himfelf  bcsind  to  God  than  I,  whoJeLife 
hehaimiracvleaJlyprefervedfTemfi  many  Dangers: 
Tit  am  I  net  more  deeply  hand  to  give  him  Thanisfor 
any  one  Thing  than  far  this  which  J  will  now  tell  you, 
and  which  I  acca-int  as  a  Miracle  i  nameiy^that  as  I 
tame  to  the  Crown  with  the  hearty  Good-Will  ef  all 
my  Stt^^Sffo  new,  after  twenty-eight  Tears  Reign, 
Iptretme  in  'im  the  fame,  if  not  greater  Jffeiiion  to- 
wards me  ;  which Jhould  I  once  kje,  J  might,  perliaps^ 
finimyJelftol)reathe,hulnever  could  I  think  that  I  were 
alive.  And  now,  tho'  my  Life  has  been  dangeroufly  Jhot 
aty  yet,  I  protejt,  there  is  nothing  has  more  grlev'd  me, 
than  that  one,wha  diners  notjrom  me  inSex,  one  of  Hie 
Quality  andiiegree,ene  tf  the  fame  RaceandSteck,and 
fi  nearly  related  is  me  in  Blood,fr)Quld  fall  into  fo  great 
g  Mifdemeawr.  And  fo  far  have  I  been  from  bearing 
her  any  Jll-fMll,  that,  upon  the  Difcovery  effome 
trtafinoMe  Prailices  againflme,  I  wrote  privately  to 
her,  that  if  ^e  would  eonfefs  and  acknowledge  them, 
by  a  Letter  betwixt  her  and  me,  they  Jhould  he  wrapt 
up  ia  Silence.  Neither  did  I  write  this  with  a  Ptcr- 
pafe  to  intrap  her ;  far  I  knew  already  as  much  asfiiC 
tmldconfefs.  And  even  yet,  tho^  the  Matter  be  come 
thus  far,  if /he  would  truly  repent,  and  no  Man  would 
uadertaieher  Caufe  againji  me,  and  if  my  lifeakne 
depended  hereupon,  and  not  the  Safety  and  We^are  of 
au  my  People,  I  would  (Iprotefi  itnfeignedly)  willing- 
ly and  readify  pardon  her.  Nay,  //"England  might 
by  my  Death  obtain  a  mere fiparijhmg  Conation  and 
a  belter  Prime,  I  would  moji  gladly  lay  down  my  Life. 
For,  for  your  Sakes  it  is,  and  far  my  People's,  that  I 
defire  to  live.  As  for  me,  I  fie  nojiich  great  Reafsn 
(according  as  1  have  ledmy  Lfe)whyIJboM  either 
be  find  to  live,  or  fear  to  die.  I  have  had  good  Expe- 
rience if  this  Wund ;  thave  known  whet  it  it  to  be  a 
S'tijeii,  and  Inoiv  inuw  what  it  is  io  be  a  Ssvereigiit. 
T  3  Giod 

a5;4    ^^  Tarliameutary  History 

Qaea>EH«abcth.  G^^^  Ndghbsurs  Ibcvi  bad^  aniltjrje  met  witb  bad ; 
liW.  and  in  Truft  I  have  fsuni  Tnafm.  Itcvi  befiffw*d 
Binefiti  vpsn  Ill'DHirvers ;  and  when  I  tuVf  done 
well 9 1  have  been  ill  reqmted  and  f^ ken  sf.  jybile  I 
€aUt9  Mind  tbefe  Things  paft^  bmld  Things  frefenty 
and  look  forward  teward  Things  t§  camiy  I  count  tbem 
hapfiejl  that  go  hence  foontfi.  NevertheJeJs  again/tjkcb 
Evils  and  Mifihufs  as  thefi^  I  am  an/fd  with  a  bet- 
ter  Ccyrage  than  ts  commsn  in  my  Sex ;  /a  as  whatfi- 
ever  befals  me^  Death  JhaU  never  find  me  unprepared. 
Ana  as  touching  thefe  treafonable  Attempts ^  IwiU 
net  Jo  far  wrong  mjfelf^  or  the  Laws  ef  mr  Eng- 
dom^  as  not  to  think  but  that  fie,  having  been  the 
Contriver  of  the  fdd  TreafinSy  was  boundary  Uabk 
to  the  antient  and  former  Laws^  though  the  late  A/f 
bad  never  been  made%  which  notwhhftanding  was  in 
no  Sort  made  to  prejudice  her^  as  disoers  who  are  ia^ 
cHned  to  favour  her  have  imagined.  So  far  was  it 
from  being  made  to  entrap  her^  that  it  was  rather  in- 
tended to  forewarn  and  deter  her  from  attempting 
any  th'-ng  againji  it.  But  feeing  it  had  now  the 
Force  of  a  Lawy  I  thought  good  to  proceed  againjt 
her  according  to  the  fame.  But  you  Lawyers  are  fa 
curious  in  Scanning  the  nice  Points  of  the  Law^  and 
proceeding  according  to  Forms ^  rather  than  Expound'^ 
tng  and  Interpreting  the  Laws  themfeheSy  that  if 
ycur  JVay  were  ohferved^  Jhe  muft  havt  been  indited 
in  Staffordfliire,  and  have  holden  up  ter  Hand  at 
the  Bar,  and  have  been  trfd  by  a  Jury  of  Twehe 
Men.  A  proper  iVay^  forfoothy  of  Trying  a  Prin* 
cefs.  To  avoid  therefore  fuch  Abfardities^  I  thought 
it  better  to  refer  the  Examination  of  fi  weighty  a 
Caufe  to  a  felcB  Number  of  the  nobh/i  Perjinages  §f 
the  Land^  and  the  Judges  of  the  Realm ;  and  aU 
little  enough-  For  we  Princes  are  fet  as  it  were  upon 
Stages  in  the  Sight  and  View  of  all  the  IVorld:  The 
leaji  Spot  is  Joqn  Jpv'd  in  our  Garments^  the  fmallefi 
Blemijh  prefently  obferdd  in  us  at  a  great  Dijlance. 
h  behoves  us  therefore  to  be  careful  that  our  Proceed- 
ings he  Jk(l  and  honourable.  But  I  muji  tell  you 
one  Things  that  by  this  lajl  A6f  f  Parliament,  you 
h%t  reduced  mi  to  fuch  Straits  arid  Perpkxitiety 





0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ijij 

that  I  mujt  refdve  upon  tht  Punijhment  of  hr  whs  Qs" 
is  a  Priticej]  fo  nearly  allied  to  me  in  Bhad,  and 
vjhefi  Praliices  agatnjl  mt  have  fi  deeply  dffecfed  me 
with  Grief  and  Sotreu/,  thai  I  have  willingly  cho- 
fen  to  abfent  myfelf/rom  this  Parliament,  lejl  IJhould 
imreafe  my  Trouble  by  hearing  the  Matter  mention'dj 
end  not  out  of  Fear  of  any  Danger  or  treacherous  At- 
tempt agaiiijt  me,  as  fame  think.  But  I  will  nmu  tell 
ym  a  farther  Secret,  (the'  it  be  nut  u/ual  with  me  ta 
blab  forth  in  other  Cafes  what  I  know.)  It  is  not 
hng  fime  thefe  Eyes  if  mine  fsvj  and  read  an  Qathy 
'  wherein  fame  bound  tkemjihes  to  kill  me  within  a 
Month.  Hereby  I  fee  your  Danger  in  my  Pirfon, 
which  I  will  be  very  careful  to  prevent  and  keep  off. 
The  Jjfoiialion  you  entered  into  for  my  Safety  I 
have  mt  forgotten  ^  a  Thing  I  never  Ji>  much  as 
thought  of,  till  a  great  Number  of  Hands  and  Seals 
to  it  were  Jbewed  me.  This  has  laid  a  perpetual 
Tie  and  Obligation  upon  me,  ie  bear  you  a  fmgular 
Good-lfill  and  Lave,  who  have  no  greater  Comfort 
than  in  your  and  the  Commonwealth's  R^fpeil  and 
JfftHion  towards  me.  But  forafmuch  as  the  Mat- 
tfr  now  in  Hand  is  very  rarely  exampled,  ar.d  of 
gnatt/i  Confequence,  I  hope  you  do  not  look  for  any 
prefint  Refolution  from  me:  For  my  Manner  is,  in 
Matters  of  Ufi  Moment  than  this,  to  deliberate  long; 
upon  that  which  is  but  once  to  be  refdved.  In  the 
mean  Tme,  I  befeech  Almighty  God,  fo  to  illuminate 
and  direjl  my  Heart,  that  I  may  fee  dearly  what 
mof  be  befl  for  the  Goad  of  his  Church,  the  Profperiiy 
of  the  Commonwealth,  and  your  Safety.  And  that 
Delay  m^  not  breed  Danger,  we  will  fgnify  our 
Refolution  to  you  with  all  Canveniency.  And  wbat- 
tver  the  bcjl  of  Subjeiis  may  txpeil  at  the  Hands  of 
the  befl  Princes,  that  expeii  from  me  to  be  perfor- 
med to  the  fall. 

It  will  be  found  by  the  Sequel,  that  our  Hiftorian, 
Livy  like,  has  drefl'ed  up  the  Queen's  Anfwer  in  bel- 
ter Language  than  herTimewill  allow.  But,  this 
muft  pais  at  prefent ;  for  it  is  not  iiiferied  at  length 
in  either  Jturnnl.—TQ  proceed.  The  Lords  met 

!ip6    The  Tarliamentary  H  i  sto Wi 

RuecnEitfabeth.  agjiin  oD  thc  15th  of  Nffuembir^  and  thence  al- 
^5^  journed  to  the  »2d  of  thc  fame  Month* 

In  the  Interim,  Cambden  ti^lls  us  that  the  Qua 
had  well  weigh'd  the  Matter  in  her  Mind,  and|  h- 
ing  diitradted  with  Cares  and  Thoughts,  as  it  iroe 
in  fome  Confli£l  with  herfelf,  what  to  do  in  fo  ia- 
portant  a  Butinefs,  (he  fent  the  Lord  Chancellor » 
the  upper  Houfe,  and  Puckering  ^  the  Speaker,  to  III 
lower,  to  advife  them  t9find  out  a  mori  pUafingBt' 
pedient,  whereby  both  the  ^een  of  Scot's  Life  agl 
be  /pared  and  her  own  Security  provided  for. 

This  is  Mr.  Camhdcn^s  Account  of  this  ftcori 
MeiTage,  which  he  fays,  was  fent  twelve  Days  if 
ter  the  Petition  was  delivered,  by  Pucieriug  Ih 
Speaker:  But  herein  our  Hiftorian  will  be  km 
guilty  of  two  Miftakes,  by  the  Authority  of  ih 
Journals.  That  of  the  Commons  informs  ni 
that  on  the  14th  of  November^  two  Days  afierlli 
Petition  was  delivered,  when  the  Speaker  hid  n 
ported  to  the  Houfe  the  Subftance  of  the  Qgeerf 
Anfwer,  Mr.  Vice- Chamberlain  ftood  upi  itf 
having  firft  affirmed  that  the  Speakers  Report  «l 
true,  he  added,  that  the  Queen  bad  comnnrf 
ed  him  that  Morning,  to  iignity  to  the  fSni 
Her  Majefty's  «  Xhat  h^r  Highnefs,  moved  with  fome  Comfli 
^^*^8V1if*'  •  feration  for  the  Scottijb  Queen,  in  refpeaofke 

vou.'  or    the       ,    ^  _^.  ,    •'      ^,        '         .     f 

Queen  of  Scots.  former  Dignity  and  great  1<  ortuncs  jtt  bcr  youi^g 
^  er  Years,  her  Nearnefs  of  Kindred  to  ber  M» 
'  jefty,  and  alfo,  of  her  Sex,  could  be  wdl  phi 

*  fed  to  forbear  taking  of  her  Blood ;  if,  by  iVj 
^  other  Means  to  be  devifed,  by  the  Great  CooDO 
'  of  this  Realm,  the  Safety  of  her  Majefty's  Pier 
^  fon  and  Government  might  be  prefervedf  wfeb* 
^  out  Danger  of  Ruin  and  Delhiiftion.     ButbcR^ 

*  in  fhe  left  them,  neverthelefs,  to  their  own M 

*  Liberty  and  Difpofitions,  of  prooceding  fldil^ 
^  ways,   at  their  Choice.    For,  as  her  Afall^ 

*  would  willingly  hearken  to  the  Reafoos  orM 

*  particular  Member  of  this  Houfe;  to^  heiiMi 
'  they  might  exhibit  their  Thoughts,  in  that  Oft 

*  either  to  any  of  the  Privy-Council,  being  of  tM 
^  Houfe,  or  to  the  Speaker,  to  be  by  him  ddifcr*- 
^  ^(]  to  her  Majefty.'  AbA 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ay; 

After  the  aforefaid  Orator  h?.d  delivered  diisQuee; 
Meflage,  he  took  Occafion  to  put  the  Houfc  in 
Mind,  that  at  Ihe  Beginning  of  this  Parliament 
the  Lord  Chancellor  told  them,  that  it  was  her  Ma- 
jefty's  exprefs  Command,  no  Laws  at  all  Ihould 
be  made  in  this  SelTion  j  her  Majefty  purpofing  rot 
to  be  preient  lo  give  her  Royal  Afi'ent  to  any. 
Wherefore  he  defired  that  this  Houfe  might  be  ad- 
journed to  the  liih  of  Mvimi/er;  in  which  Time, 
he  faid,  it  might  be  her  Majefty  would  fend  fome 
other  Anfwer  to  their  Petition  which  (he  yet  had  not 
read.     And  the  Houfc  was  adjourned  accordingly. 

On  that  Day,afiei  many  Speeches  and  Arguments, 
which,  by  the  by,  we  find  were  all  on  one  Side, 
the  Houfe  came  to  a  Refotution,  '  That  no  other 

*  Way,  Device  or  Means  whatfoever  could  or  can 

*  poifibiy  be  found,  or  imagined,  that  fuch  Safely 

*  Can  in  any  wife  be  had,  fo  long  as  the  faid  Queen 
'  of  Seett  doth,  or  flial!  live.' 

The  Jmirnah  of  the  Lords  fay  nothing  of  this 
Meflage;  but  there  is  Reafon  to  believe  it  wasfent 
to  tbem,  becaufe  that  Authority  informs  us,  that, 
on  the  aid,  '  After  many  ^Debates  in  that 
«  Houfc,  the  Lords  agreed  that  the  Matter  (hould 

*  be  put  to  the  Queftion,  and  every  Peer  being 

*  afltcd  his  feveral  Voice  anfwered,  with  one  Con- 

*  fent.  That  they  could  find  m  other  Way' 

*  hem.  The  fame  Day,    they  of  the  Lower 

*  Houfe  came  up,  and  delited  the  Lords  to  be  con- 

*  tent  to  appoint  fome  of  their  Houfe  to  confer  with 
'  them,  upon  the  Anfwer  that  was  to  be  made  to 
'  her   H.ghnefs.     Whereupon    the   Luriis    made 

*  Choice  of  the  following,  viz.  the  ALchbifhops 

*  of  Canterbury  and  Yorky    and  the  Lord  Trealu- 

*  rer,  fc.     And  the  Lords,  after  Conference  had 

*  with  the  Commitiee  of  the  Lower  Houle,  made 
'  Report  that  the  like  Queftion  was  propofed  to 

*  them  of  the  Commons  Houfe,  and  that  they 

*  anfwered  all  wirh  one  Confent,  no  Man  gainfay- 
'  ing,  thai  they  einld  find  mother ff^oy.  Wherc- 
'  upon,    the  Committees  of  both  Houfes  agreed 

*  upon 

2pS     The  'TariiaffieJitary  History 

rOsccBEtiubcib. '  upon  this  Anfwer  to  be  made  to  her  Majeity, 
1586.  *  That  hiving  often  conferred  and  Ion;;  debated 
'  on  that  C>ieftLon,  according  to  her  Highnefs's 
'  Commandment,  they  could  find  no  other  Way 
Both  Houfa  re- '  than  what  WIS  fet  down  in  iheir  Petition.. 
folvc  to  i!>,de  by '  Which  Aniwer,  for  the  Lords,  was  dehvered  t 
iheirPcKtion.  *  |,er  Majefty,  by  the  Lord  .Chancellor,  and  for 
*  the  Commons  by  their  Speaker,  at  JUibmeaiig- 
'  Thurfday,  November  the  twenty  fourth,* 

'  On  the  25ih  of  the  fame  Month,  the  Lord  -  * 
'  Chancellor  delivered  to  the  Lords  her  Majelly's 
'  Anfwer  to  iheir  laftRefoluiion,  iheE/Fcitwhere- 
'  of,  was  put  in  very  extraotdmary  Terms;  If, 
'  faid  her  Mnjetly,  i  Jheuli  jay  unto  yau  that  I 
ii^Ug^Z^An- '  """"  ""'  '"  S''^"'  y'"^  Petition^  by  my  faith,  /'. 
'  '     ,  '  Jbsuld  Jay  unto  yeu  m~.ri  ihun,  perhupi,  I  mean. -A 

'  /ind  if  I  Jhouid  Jay  unto  you  i  mean  to  grants  i 
'  ysur  Petition,   I  fieuld  then  tell  ym  more  than  is 
'  ^1  for  you  to  know.     And  xhiii  I  muft  deliver  yoft,' 
'  an  Anfwer  Anfiuerlefs.^ 

Thus  much  Ferbatim  from  the  Lord's  JeurnaU^^ 
And  all  we  have  to  add  from  the  fame  Authority^  . 
is,  that  a  large  Entry  is  made  in  this  lait  Day's  Pro- 
ceedings, of  every  Thing  done  in  the  foregoing^- 
relating  to  this  ASair ;  with  2  Copy  of  the  PelitioR 
at  the  Conclufion. 

The  unhappy  and  predefined  Queen  of  Siots- 
had  not  one  Advocate,  in  either  Houfe,  that 
would  or  diirft  plead  in  her  Favour,  The  Cuirenc 
againtt  her  was  fo  ftrong,  as  would  then  have  over- 
thrown all  Oppofers,  and  involved  ihera  in  the  fame 
Ruin.  There  are  feveral  Pieces  of  broken  Speeches 
inferted  in  the  Commons  Jiarnals,  -A]  tending  to. 
her  Deftruftion ;  but  fo  interfperfed  and  unconnec- 
ted, as  would  be  very  tirefome  to  a  Reader.  What 
we  can  colled  from  the  whole  of  ihefe  Arguments 
is,  firft,  '  That  great  iiirefs  was  laid,  on  the  As- 
sociATiofJ,  which  they  had  fworn  to  and  ligned. 
This  was  recommended  to  the  Speaker  to  be  urged 
Home  to  her  Majefty.  Since,  as  they  Vaid,  it  re- 
Ipcctcd,  more  efpecialty,  the  Confciences  of  a 
great  Number  of  her  good  and  loyal  Subjetts  which 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

29  p 

cannot  be  difpenfed  with  by  Laws.  It  was,  alfoj  Qji«nElbjbetS 
proved  by  invincible  Realbns,  as  the  Jeurmil  terms  -  -' 
them.  That  neither  the  expefled  Reformation  in 
the  Scsltijh  Lady,  if  the  Queen  ihould  fpare  her 
Life ;  nor  yet,  by  lafer  and  ftronger  Guarding  of 
her  Perfoti;  nor  yet,  by  her  Promife  upon  Word 
or  Oath ;  nor  by  the  Hoftages  of  other  Princes  her 
Allies  ;  nor  by  her  Banifliment;  nor  by  the  Revo- 
cation of  the  Bull  of  Pope  Pius  V.  (g)  not  yet, 
by  the  Bonds  or  Words  of  a  Prince  ;  nor  of  any 
or  all  the  Princes  her  Allies,  nor  by  any  other  Way 
or  Means  whatfocver,  other  than  the  fpeedy  Exe- 
cution of  the  faid  Scatlijh  Queen,  the  Safety  and 
Continuance  of  the  True  Religion,  of  the  moft 
Royal  Perfon  of  the  Queen's  Majefty,  and  of  the 
peaceable  State  of  this  Realm,  can,  in  any  wife, 
be  provided  for  and  eftabliflied.' 

It  is  eafy  to  fee  by  the  Scope  and  Drift  of  thefe 
Arguments,  that  moft  or  all  thefe  Methods  had 
been  propofed,  either  at  Home,  or  from  Abroad, 
or  from  both,  to  fave  this  wretched  Queen's  Life. 
It  is  very  probable  that  all  the  Princes  then  in  Chri- 
fiindom  thought  themfeives  interefted  in  it-  But 
it  ia  certain  thai  the  violent  Party  againft  her,  in 
the  Houfe  of  Common?,  were  eager  to  have  her 
fpeedily  deftroyed,  for  fear  fome  foreign  Applica- 
tion fhould  have  Force  enough  to  fave  her.  This 
Houfe  we  are  told,  was  greatly  alarmed  at  the 
Coming  of  the  French  Embafiador,  who  arrived  in 
England,  about  ihis  Time,  to  make  fome  Propo- 
fals  for  faving  the  Queen  of  Scoti.  For  one  Mr. 
Grke,  a  Member,  took  Notice  in  the  Houfe,  that 
fince  that  Embaliador  W3s  to  have  Audience  of  her 
Majefty  the  next  Dsy;  who,  he  was  fully  perlua- 
ded,  within  himfelf,  came  not  for  any  Good  to 
her  Majefty,  or  to  the  Realm ;  yet,  knowing  that, 
in  fuch  Cifes,  they  are  ufually  attended  with  a 
Cempany  ef  Rafcah,  and  the  bafejl  Sort  if  People 
if  their  Natim,  and  this  Rabble  ufing  to  thruft 
ipto  the  Prefence  of  the  Prince, 


ff]  S«i  bcfors  paj,  loo, 

501     The 'Parliamentary  HisroKY      ' 

tjffita'iUibeA-'^'S'''  f^^'"  a  Ji range  and  mu/ual  Thing.  Tet  I 
ij86.  cmfifi,  that  my  h^rty  Dejire  was,  thai  feme -tther 
Means  might  have  been  devifed^  to  provide  Jar  yetir 
Security  and  my  eivn  Safety,  than  thii  which  if  new 
prepmnded.  Sa  that  I  cannot  but  templaiity  though 
mt  of  yeu,  yet  to  you,  fince  I  perceive  by  yeur  Peli- 
lien,  that  my  Safely  dc-petuli  wholly  upon  the  Ruin  af  1 
another.  If  there  be  any  that  think  1  have  fPun  <^m 
the  Time  in  purpofe  to  get  Commendation,  ly  a  fetttt^ 
ing  Sliew  of  Clemency,  they  do  me  Wrong  undeji^ 
vedly,  as  he  kncrjjs  who  is  the  Searcler  of  the  mo^ 
fecret  Ihoughts  of  the  Heart.  Or  if  there  be  tf«jr 
that  ere  perfuaded  the  Commijf  oners  darfl  pro- 
naunee  tie  other  Sentence  for  Fear  they  Jhould  therein 
difpleafe  me,  or  feem  to  fail  of  their  Care  for  mj» 
1'refeivaticn,  they  do  but  burthen  and  wrong  me 
with  fucb  injurious  Conceits.  Par  either  thofi  wham 
I  put  in  Irvji  hovefairdsf  their  Duties ;  or  eye 
they  acquainted  the  Comm'fjioneri  in  my  Ntime,_  that 
my  Will  and  Pkafure  was,  that  every  one  Jhould  aS 
freely,  according  to  his  Conference;  and  what  they 
thought  net  ft  to  be  made  publiciy  that  they  Jhould 
communicate  to  me  in  private.  It  was  of  my  fa- 
vourable Inclination  towards  her.,  that  I  dejired  Jtmi 
other  Way  might  be  found  cut,  to  prevent  this  Mif^ 
chief.  ■  But  fiuce  it  is  mw  refelv^d,  that  my  Security' 
is  defperate  without  her  Death,  I  find  a  great  Rt-%., 
luilancy  and  Trouble  within  me,  tlat  I,  who  have  ili- 
my  Time  pardon'd  fi  many  Rebels,  wink'd  at  Jo  mai^ 
Treajons,  or  negkCled  them  by  Silence,  Jhould  novf^ 
feem  to  fhew  tnyfclf  cruel  towards  fi  great  a  Prin* 

I  have,  Jivce  I  come  to  the  Government  of  this 
Realm,  Jeen  many  defamatory  Libels  and  Pamphlett 
a^ain/l  me,  taxing  we  to  be  a  Tyrant.  Well  fart 
Ike  Writers  Hearts  j  /  believe  their  Meaning  wat. 
to  tell  me  News.  And  News  indeed  it  was  to  mt  tt 
be  branded  with  Tyranny.  I  would  it  were  as  great 
News  te  hear  of  their  lYtckednefs  and  Impiety.  But 
what  is  it  which  they  will  not  venture  te  write  new, 
when  they  fliall  hear  that  I  have  given  my  Coafint^ 
that  the  Executioner's  Hands  Jhould  be  imbrued  in 




0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     303 

the  Blood  afmy  netiriji  Kiiifuioman  ?  But  jo  far  am  /QueeoZii 
frsmCruehy,lhat,  Ikough  it  wtre  Isfavi  my  own  Life,  1586. 
Iwouldnot affer her  iheleojl  yioUms:  Neither  have  J 
been  fo  careful  hew  to  preferve  my  own  Life,  as  how  to 
preferve  both  her's  and  mine:  H^ich  that  it  is  now 
impojfible  to  do,  lam  heartily  troubled.  lam  not  Jo 
void  BfSenfe  andjuilgmmty  Oi  not  to  fee  my  ownDari- 
ger  before  my  Eyes  i  nor  fi  indifcreett  as  to  Jbarpen  a 
SworJ  to  cut  my  own  Throat  \  ner  fs  egregioujly  care- 
iefs,  as  not  to  provide  for  the  Safety  of  my  own  Life. 
"This  I  ceifidtr  with  myfelft  that  many  a  Man  would 
^iKsard  his  own  Ljfe  to  fave  the  Life  ef  a  Princefs ; 
but  I  am  not  of  their  Opinion.  Thefe  Things  have  I 
matg  Times  thought  upon  Jerioujly  with  my/elf. 

But  fince  fo  many  have  both  ■iuriiten  and  ^oien 
sgainff  me,  give  mi  Leaz-e,  I  pray  you,  to  fay  fome- 
what  in  my  own  Defence,  that  ye  may  fee  what 
■Manner  of  Woman  I  am,  for  whofe  Safety  end  Pre- 
fervaiion  ye  hcve  taien  /uch  extraordinary  Care. 
f therein  as  I  do,  with  a  moll  thankful  Heart,  difcern 
and  read  your  great  I'igiJatice ;  Jo  am  I  fure  I  jhall 
never  requite  it,  had  I  as  many  Lives  as  ail  you 
together,  . 

tVhen  firji  I  took  the  Scepter  into  my  Hand,  I 
was  not  unmindful  of  God  the  Giver,  and  therefire 
I  began  my  Reign  with  feturing  his  Serviie,  and 
the  Rtligion  I  had  been  both  bom  in,  bred  in,  and, 
J  trufi,  Jhall  die  in.  And  though  I  was  not  igno- 
rant bow  many  Dangers  I  Jhsuld  meet  withal  at 
Home,  for  my  altering  Religion,  and  how  many 
great  Princes  Abroad  of  a  contrary  Profejfion  would 
in  that  Relpelt  bear  an  hojlile  Kind  towards  me: 
JTet  was  I  no  whit  difmay'd  thereat,  knowing  that 
Gad,  whom  alone  I  ey'd  and  refpeiied,  would  defend 
both  me  and  my  Cauje.  Uncf  it  is  that  Jh  many 
Treacheries  and  Conjpiracies  have  been  attempted 
againjl  me,  that  I  might  well  admire  to  find  myjelf 
alive  at  this  prefent  Day,  were  it  not  that  God's  ho- 
hf  Hand  has  Jiill  protected  me  beyond  all  Expef/ii- 
tion.  Next,  to  the  End  I  might  make  the  better 
Progrefi  in  the  Art  of  Ruling  well,  I  had  long  and 

firiosis  Csg'tasbns  with  myfslf  what 


304     The  'Parliamentary  HisTORT       ' 

tl,.  1719/}  Wirthy  end  betomins  Kings  te  dt) :  And  / 
feuiid  it  abfiluliJy  that  they  JhsuM  be  csmpletily  fiir- 
nijhcd  with  tha/t  prime  capital  Vlrtuci^  'Jiijiice, 
Temperance,  Prudence  and  Magnanimity,  Of  the 
two  latter  I  will  not  boaji  myfelf;  my  Sex  dots  net 
permit  it  ;  they  arepr(rpcr  to  Men.  But  for  tbe  two 
farmer  and  kji  rough,  I  dart  fay,  {and  that  withsat 
Ojientsliott)  I  never  made  a  Difference  of  Peifsnt^ 
hut  high  and  low  had  equally  Right  done  them:  I 
never  preferr'd  any  for  Favour  whom  I  thought  tat 
fit  and  wsnhy :  I  never  was  forward  to  bfHeVf 
Slories  at  Ike  firfi  Idling  ;  nor  was  I  ft  rejb  as  to 
fiiffer  my  judgment  to  be  foreJiaU'd  xt/ith  Prgudice, 
before  I  had  heard  the  Caufe.  I  will  not  fay  but 
many  Reports  might  haply  be  brought  me,  tto  much  in 
Favout  of  the  one  Side  or  the  other:  For  a  good  and 
a  wary  Prince  may  fometimes  be  bought  and  fildy 
whilfi  we  cannot  hear  all  aurjelves,  Tet  this  I  dart, 
fay  boldfy.  My  'Judgment  (as  far  as  I  could  under- 
Jland  the  Cafe)  ever  went  with  the  Truth.  And  as 
Alcibiades  advijed  his  Friend,  not  to  give  any  An- 
fwer  till  he  had  run  ever  the  Letters  of  the  whe^ 
Alphabet  -,  Jo  have  I  never  ujed  rajh  and  fudden  Re- 
filutions  in  any  7hing. 

And  therefore  as  touching  your  Counfels  and  Cort- 
fultations,  I  acknowledge  them  to  have  been  wHh 
fach  Care  and  Providence,  and  fo  advantageous  for 
the  Prefeivation  of  my  Life,  and  to  proceed  from 
Hearts  fo  fincere  and  devoted  to  me^  that  I  fkall  en- 
deavour what  Hes  in  my  Power,  to  give  you  Caufe 
ta  thini  year  Pains  net  iil-heficw'd,  and  flrive  to 
fhtw  myfelf  zi/ortby  of  fuch  SuhjeSis. 

And  now  for  your  Petition,  I  deftre  you  for  tht 
prefent  to  cement  yourfehes  w  th  an  Answer  without 
Anfwer.  Your 'fudg^'icnt  I  condemn  not,  neither  da 
I  mi/iaie  your  Reafins :  But  I  muft  defirt  you  to 
excufe  thofe  thoughtful  Doubts  and  Cares,  whitb  as 
yet  perplex  mv  Mind  ;  and  to  refl  faiisfy'd  with  the 
Profejfion  of  my  ihaniful  Ejleem  of  your  Af'eSfions, 
and  the  Anjwer  I  have  given,  f  you  take  it  for  any 
Anjwer  at  all.  If  I  fhuld  fey  J  wdl  n.t  do  what 
you  rtqucfl,  1  might  fay,  perhaps,  more  than  I  in- 
tend t 




/  might  Quee 
ysu  en- 

tend:     And  \fl  Jhould  fay  I  will  do  it, 

plttuie  my/elf  into  at  bad  IncomJfniemes  1. 

deamur  IB  pr^ferve  me  from :    fVhich  I 

dent  your  IFtfdomi  and  Difcn-tions  would  not  that  I 

Jhauld,  if  ye  co'ifsder  the  Circumflances  of  Placc^ 

Timet  and  the  Manners  and  Conditims  of  Men  If), 

To  conclude  this  long  and  melancholy  Bufinefs. 

The  unhipp)'  Queen  of  Senls  fell  a  Sacrifice  to  the 

Kemijh  Religion ;  and,  as  flie  complains  herfelf,  in 

"  r  iaft  Letter  to  Queen  Elizabeth,  to  thofc  zealous 

¥uritii7i!,   who  then  bore  the  chief  Sway  iwEng- 

^nd.    Conftrained  by  Neceflity,  and  at  the  earneft 

prayers  and  Entreaiies  of  both  Houfes  of  Parlia- 

Nient,  Elizabeth  firft  fufFeied  the  Sentence  to  be 

Bublickly  prcclaimed  againft  her;    and  then  fliutM; 

ler  Eyes  whilft  the  bloody  Decree  was  put  in  Exe-  Set 

^Blion.     What  Buftle  was  made  about  Davljony 

me  -Secretary,  afterwards,    is  very  well  known. 

itoft  Hiftorians  think  this  was  all  a  Farce;  as  well 

t  the  great  Reluftance  was  previous  to  it. 

>ueen  ESzabftl^s  own  Chonicler  writes,  that  It 

T^ai  thought  to  proceed  from  the  lalUTal  Art  and 

M  Guift  of  Ifomen ;  wis,  the'  they  defire  a  Thing  never 

I' j6  much,  ytt  will  always  feem  rather  to  be  esnjtrai/ied 

■end  foreed  to  it  (i). 

■  II  is  obfervable,  that  the  Proceedings  of  the  Iaft 
Parliament  were  different  from  any  that  was  ever 
fummoned  before  in  this  Kingdom.  No  Bills  of 
any  Kind  were  exhibited  in  either  Houfe;  and 
confequently,  no  Ails  were  palled  at  the  End  of  it. 
They  Itemed  to  be  called,  only,  lo  conftiiute  a 
higher  Tribunal ;  to  re- hear  and  re-examine  ibe 
Letters  and  Evidences  againft  the  Queen  of  Siots, 
and  confirm  the  Sentence.  By  wiiich  Means  of 
Proceeding  againft  Crowned  Heads,  Elizal/eth  gave 
Vol,   IV.  U  the 

(i)  Tie  tutiouj  Inquirer  roa/find  thii  Matter  more  >l  large  in 
the  Supplemept  to  HnllingJiitaiPs  CbrenUle,  (Pig.  1580  to  1587.) 
cndine  ia  tliis  my  Yeir;  wlicie  thia  whole  Affair  is  drBMn  up  mi 
deliver'^  in  the  Language  and  Oithognphy  of  the  Timea. 

(-,■}  Ca<Ml«  PsK-  518.  ThE  Q^een  of  Seas  was  beheaded  all 
F«tlenr.gboy-Qxple,  fib.  i  1587.  So  Ihit  (torn  the  Thne  that 
Sentence  wa!  pronnuQted  againft  her,  flie  was  fufftrcd  lo  live,  in  « 
teniblc  Snn  of  UnccrtainCj',  Ycry  near  imi  Monihi. 

'■the  Parliament  aPower,  which,  one  Branch  of  i^'' 
too  fatally,  took  to  themfelves,  in  a  fucceeding 

We  now  enter  upon  a  Year,  which  wiir  be  ever 
memorable  for  one  of  the  grealell  Deliverances  this 
a- Nation  ever  had,  from  its  mort  formidable  Ene- 
mies.    Cambdeii  iniroduces  it  with  Prefages  and 
Prophecies,  all  ominous  to  Etiglarid.     Reports  and 
Rumours  were  no  longer  uncertain,  but  it  was 
now  mod  certainly  known  that  an  invincible  Ar- 
mada  was  rigged  and  prepared  in  the  Poits  of 
%poin,  in  order  to  invade  England.     And  Ihat  the 
Itnioft  famous  OiBcers  and  Soldiers  were  fent  for, 
rom  different  Parts  of  the  World,  to  affift  in  this 
^  Expedition. 

But,    whilft   thefe  Preparations  were   making 
""^^'E^'^5' Abroad,    the  Englijh  Pailiamcnt  met  at  Home, 
t  ■VVEibiiLiifln.  according  to  the  Adjournment,  February  rhc  isth. 
It  is  very  furptifing  that  the  particular  Writer  of 
this  Reign  has  not  one  Word  about  this  lecond 
Meeting  ;  efpecially  when  there  w  ere  feme  memo- 
rable Things,  relating  to  the  Exigencies  of  the 
'   ,,  Times,  iranJadted  init.     Hefeems  to  be  fo  intent 
on  the  raifing  Forces  for  the  Security  of  the  King- 
dom, that  he  has  forgot  the  very  Sinews  of  War, 
without  which  all  martial  Preparations  are  in  vain. 
The  two  firft  D^ys  there  was  nothing  done, 
becaufe  the  Lord  Chancellor   was  fick;  on  the 
lyih  Sir  Edmund  Jnderjm,    Knt.    Lord    Chief 
Juftice  of  the  Common  Pleas,  read  publickly  in 
ihc  Houfe  of  Lords,    a  Commiflion   from  the 
Queen,  diiefled  to  himfelf,  by  which  he  was  au- 
thorized and  ap|iointed,    in  the  Abfence  of  the 
faid  Lord  Chancellor,  to  a^  in  his  Stead. 

The  fuccceding  Days,  to  March  the  ytb,  there 
were  only  fome  Bills  read  for  the  better  regulat- 
ing fome  Blanches  of  the  Law.  f!ut,  on  the 
Day  afordaid,  a  Bill  was  fent  up  by  the  Com- 
Sutf.iy.  mons,  entitled.  An  Afl  for  one  entire  Sub/idy  [i\ 
and  two  t'lfteenlhs  and  Tenths,  to  be  granted  lo 
her  Majefty  by  the  Temporahty.  And  it  pafled 

flj  Tb«Tjme  as  b;fon.     Sllei,  p,  741. 


Of   ENGLAND.      307 


tlie  Houfeon  the  9lh  Inftant.     The  next  Day  aQucenElinbttb, 
Bill  for  the  Confirmaiion  of  one  eniire  Subfidy,      15878, 
from  the  Clergy,  of  Six  Shillings  in  the  Pound,  to 
be  paid  in  three  Years,  was  read  and  paJlcd  alfo. 

But  tliefe  dilatory  Afts  not  anfwering  the  pref- 
fing  Occalions  of  the  State;  on  the  nth  oi  March, 
a  rL^elTage  was  fenl  from  ihe  Commons,  requefting 
that  it  would  pleafe  the  Lords  to  appointa  Num- 
ber of  their  Houfe  for  a  Conference  with  a  Com- 
mittee of  the  other.  Accordingly  the  Archbifliops 
of  Canterbury  and  TlB'i,  the  Lord  Steward,  the 
Lord  Chamberlain,  the  Earls  of  Kesi,  Wnntfler:, 
Rutlani,  Hertjard,  and  Lekefler,  the  Bilhops  of 
Lmdon,  Winche^er-ivA  Satijbury,  the  Lords  Csbhamt 
Marlty,  Grey,  Stafford,  Stsurisn,  Cromzvelt,  North, 
Delaware  and  Nerris,  were  appointed.  Who, 
Ihe  fame  Day,  after  the  Conference,  made  a  Re- 
port 10  the  Houfe,   '  That  the  Commons  made 

*  humble  Suit    to  their  Lordfliips,    to  haVe  the^^  ^"5*'^''?'. 

*  Lords  of  litis  Houfe  join  with  them  in  a  Contri-  ^^^    *    "'"' 

*  biiuon  01  Benevokrue,  which  they  of  the  Lower 

*  Houfe  mennt  to  uifer  unto  her  Majelfy.      The 

*  Manner,  how  [hey  meanlto  proceed  [herein,  was 
opened  by  the  Archbifhop  of  Cauitrbury.     On 

I*  which  Report  cf  the  Committee,  the  Lords 
thought  good  to  refer  cheir  Anfwers  herein  till 
Aianday  next.' 

But  we  hear  no  more  of  this  Matter  until  ff^ed- 
nefdaj  the  isth  ;  when  another  Memorandum  )s 
entered,  '  That  this  Day  the  Lords  of  the  Com- 

*  mittee  made  Report  unto  the  whole  Houfe,  that 

*  upon  divers  Conferences  had  with  the  Committee 

*  of  the  Lower  Houfe,    touching  their  Requeft 
'  made  to  rhe  Lords  to  join  with  them  in  Petition 

*  to  her  Majefty  about  a  Beiievokme,  or  Coniri- 

*  bntion,  which  they  of  the  Lower  Huuli:  thought 

*  good  to  olFer  unto  her  Majefty  ;  the  faid  Lords  of 

■  the  Committee  thought  it  good,  for  divers  Rca- 

*  fons,  to  join  with  the  Commons  therein,  which 

■  Reafons,  when  the  whole  Houfe  had  heard  and 

*  conlidered,  their  Lordfhips  did  refolve  that  the 

*  Commons  (hould  be  left  to  themfclrcs,  and  that 

U  a  '  Ihej* 

3oS     The  'Farliamentary  Histoi^t      I 

'■  *  ihey  Would  lake  fuch  Order  herein  as  lo  their" 
'  Lordfliips  Ihall  feemconvenreni.' 

Accordingly,  the  Tame  Lords,  as  before,  were 
chofen  a  new  Committee  to  refoive  upon  the 
Comribiiiion ;  when  after  fomc  Conference  had 
amongft  themfelves,  in  Refpedl  of  the  great  Char- 
ges her  Msjefly  hath  herelofore  been  at,  and  that 
her  Highnefs  iiiuft  be  enforced  to  be  at  hereafter, 
for  the  Defence  of  this  Realm,  and  other  her  Ma- 
jcfty's  Dominions,  they  refolv'd  freely  lo  ofFer  aad 
give  unto  her  iws  Shillings  in  the  Pound,  after  the 
Rate  of  the  Valuation  of  the  Subfidy  of  the  Tem- 
porality, granted  in  this  prelent  Seflion  of  Parha- 
ment,  to  be  paid  unto  fuch  Perfons,  and  at  fuch 
Times,  as  it  Ihall  pleafe  her  Majefty  to  appoint. 
Which  Refoiution  being  afterwards  openly  declar- 
ed unto  the  whole  Houfe,  the  Temporal  Lords, 
in  regard  that  the  Lords  Spiritual  had  made  a  prior 
And  from  the.  Offer  of  Contribution  to  her  Majefty,  did  akoge- 
*™'^''  ther,  with  one  Confent,  croft  wilhngly,  ratify  the 

faid  Relblution,  both  touLhing  the  Sum  and  the 
^k  Payment  lliereof,  and  ordered  that  this  free  Gift 

^V  fhould  be  entered  on  Record ;  and  that  fuch  of  the 

^P  Lords  as  were  then  prelent,  of  her  Majefty'a  Privy 

"  Council,  fliould  fignify  iheJame  to  her  Highnels, 

in  all  their  Names. 
,  In  this  Seflion  there  was  an  Afl  pafled  for  con- 

Atujndmof  the  foming  the  Attainders  of  Thmi  late  Lord  Pageii, 
wctji  or  acote         ,L  T  i>  ■''!*  . 

AeconipliceB.      afd  Others,  who  arc  marltea  by  mitial  Letters  in 
the  printed  Statutes;    butCamideri  hath  explained 
thefe  to  be  Char/es  Paget,  Sir  Francis  EigU/ield, 
H  Framii  TbragmarteH,  Anthony  Bah'ingtsn,  Tbamas 

^^  Sulisburj,     Edward  Jenfi,    Chidsoch    lichiume, 

^B  Charki  Tdncy,  and  the  reft  ot  the  Confpirators, 

^H  on  lire  (^jueen  ot  &c^i  Account,  who  had  been 

^Ev  iried  and  executed  fume  Time  before.     By  thii 

^B  Adi.  all  their  Goods  and  PoUcifions  were  conlif- 

^P  cated  ;  but  our  Hiltorian  places  it  as- made  at  the 

^r  lirft  Meeting  of  this  Parliament,  whereas  it  was 

H  pEtded  in  the  fecond. 

^V  This  fecoad  SeiFion  lafteJ  but  about  five  Wceks» 

t  aooui  nve  vvceKSy 
expedited,  nineirf, 


Cy^.  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      jojj 

are  mentioned  in  the  printed  Statutes  j  buto^^^Bn^t^^t 
cmarkable  enough  to  be  taken  any  more  isS;*), 
of  here.  One  Thing,  however,  is  memo- 
that  on  yie  laft  Day  of  the  Seflion,  the 
ons  fent  up  a  new  Bill,  for  the  Sale  of  the 
)f  one  Thomas  Handford^  for  a  Debt  due  to 
)wn,  &f^.  when  the  Lords  had  before  pafled 
o  the  fame  EfFeft,  and  fent  it  down  to  the 
DHS.  Therefore  it  is  entered  that  fince  the 
3ns  had  rcjefted  their  Bill,  withoulConfcrcnce 
nc  o^  the  Lords  of  this  Houfe,  and  framed 
(ill  and  fent  it  up ;  their  Lordfhips  thought 
:edent  fo  ftrange,  and  fo  far  contrary  to  the 
of  this  Houfe,  that  they  refolved  to  put  it 
Qyeftion,  Whether  this  new  Bill  fliould 
Orders  of  this  Houfe  be  read  here  or  not  I  ^ 

hole  Houfe  being  particularly  afked  their 
M,  with  one  Confent,  they  concluded,  that 
loot  be  read. 

is  ail  that  is  material  in  the  Lords  Journals^ 
:  of  the  Commons  is  much  more  filled  with 
-  of  Confequence,  which  happened  at  this 
Vdeeting  of  the  Parliament.    Wfe  are  told, 
the  22d  of  February y  the  Day  this  Houfe 
:er  another  (hort  Adjournment,  Sir  Chrijio^ 
^atton^  Kt.  Vice-Chamberlain,  acquainted 
ife,  *  That  it  was  her  Majefty's  Pleafure 
jrfhouldhave  difclofed  to  them  the  Dangers 
ion  then  flood  in ;  That  (he  thanked  God 
fo  good  a  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  wiflied 
ion  might  be  fliort,  that  Men  concerned  aSg.^j^^^ 
lors  might  go  home  to  their  Governments,  opens"  to  the* 
Sake  of  Hofpitality  and  Defence  ;  and  to  Houfe  the  Affair 
3ther  Time  for  making  Laws,  except  fuch  J^^  ^^^  SpiniOi 
ow  neceflary.'      The  Dangers  which  he  °^**®^' 
f,  he  urged,  were  thofe  ot  antient  Malice  a- 
le  Queen  ;  which  were  to  be  prepared  for, 
d  invoked   for  his  Affiftance.     The  Sub- 
)f  the  reft  of  his  Speech,  he  drew  up  under 
owing  Heads  ; 

le  CatboUcs  r.broid,  the  Pope^  the  King  f  ' 
he  Princes  of  the  League,  the  J'apift 
and  their  Minifters.' 

U  3 

310    ne  'Parliamentary  Histort, 

,     The  frincipal  Root  thereof : 

*  The  Council  of  Trent,  which  agreed  to  extirpate 
Chriftian  Religion  (which  they  term  Herefie) 
whereunto  divers  Princes aflented,  and  bound  them- 
Jelves  in  folemn  Manner. 

'  Pope  Pius  [he  Fifth  lent  his  Excommunica- 
tion againft  her  Majefty  ;  Dr  Morton  and  Mendoza^ 
a  ^panijb  Amballador,  beftirred  them  ;  a  Northern 
Rebellion  was  bred,  the  Pope  and  the  reft  prafti- 
fed  for  the  Scottljh  Queen,  and  the  being  acquainted 
proceeds  by  their  Means. 

'  Pope  Paiiks,  the  Thirteenth,  proceeds,  and 
fends  Jefuits  and  Seminarm  to  Engktid  and  Ire- 
land, and  ihey  proceed  to  inveigle  the  Subjefls, 
and  difluade  them  from  Obedience.  Viske  begin- 
ning a  Rebellion  in  Ireland,  fames  FitzMsrris 
furthereth  theExecuiion  thereof,  Doflor  Sanders 
and  Dejmnd  ftir  new  Rebellion  there,  and  wrot* 
into  England,  &c.  Parry  was  moved  to  kill  hi 
Majefly,  and  perfuaded  it  was  meriiorious  {0- 

*  Pope  SixCus,  the  Fifth,  Jmilateth  the  othei 
Popes  to  execute  their  former  Devices,  and  writetl) 
to  the  Cardinals  o(  Lorrain  and  Guife,  that  he  will 
overthrow  the  Gofpel  (which  Mr  Vice- Chamber- 
lain honourably  termed  the  gloiious  Gofpel^  and 
therefore  moved  them  to  join  with  the  Princes  of 
the  League,  and  to  prattife  to  win  the  King  of 
Scsis,  and  tofet  up  the  Scottijh  (iaeen  in  England^ 
and  made  his  Reckoning  of  the  Cantons  ihai  be 
Popifh,  ihcSwiizen,  the  Duke  o^ Savoy,  the  Puke 
o(  Ferrara,  King  of  Spain,  zndK.\ng  ui  France,  ^ 
thief  Inflrument  to  work  this,  was  Father  Unry. 

*  He  was  lent  into  Germany^  and  over  Italy  and 
France-,  and  wroie  to  the  Siotti/h  Queen,  that  the 
Powers  will  join  lo  over!lirow£?;^/fln(/,  and  make 
known  the  tffefl  of  his  Labour  to  the  Pope.  In- 
vafion  fhould  have  been  made  into  EtiglaadznA 
Ireland  the  lalt  Year,  and  not  unlike  to  be  attemp- 
ted ihis  Year. 

'  The  Pope  cxcommunicateili  the  King  of  JVaJ 
par.     The  P-ope  accounieih  not  of  Popifti  Preach^' 

it)  See,  Lefote,  p.  Z59j  263, 



0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      311 

jng  and  Perfualions  that  Way ;  but  reverthcIefsQueoiBl 
movclh  all  to  ufe  the  World,  and  tor  Maintenance  'sS?-'- 
thereof  fpateth  his  Trearure  otherwire,  and  with- 
draweih  Maintenance fiomyif/H/iJ and  Seminaries : 
And  divers  others  Letters  were  found  with  the 
ScoUiJh  Queen,  which  prove  all  thefe  to  he  true. 
If  we  lerve  Almighty  God  in  Sincerity  of  Heart, 
we  need  not  to  fear.  It  is  to  bz  remembred  that 
the  King  of  Spain  fought  to  recover  fome  Fart  of 
his  Father's  Credit,  by  ufing  our  Treal'ure  and 
Force  to  get  St  ^iniin's ;  but  he  foon  made  his 
Advantage  of  it,  and  reg3rded  not  our  Territories 
in  Francit  but  fuffered  the  Lofs  of  CaUis  and  al! 
our  Territories  ;  and  after  the  Death  of  Queen 
Mary  what  he  could.  Her  Majelty  fought  for 
his  Good-Will,  fending  the  Lord  Montague,  the 
Lord  Cobham,  Sir  Ihomas  Chamberlain,  Kt.  Mr 
Maun,  and  others ;  and  they  were  but  hardly  uled, 
fome  of  ihera  were  offered  great  Indignity  and  Mr 
Maun'i  Son  forced,  by  Strength,  to  do  a  Kind  of 
Penance.  He  comforted  the  Queen's  Enemies, 
be  giveth  Colour  of  Wars,  hechargeth  the  Queen 
thai  her  Subjefls  have  aided  his  Rebels  in  the  Lovj- 
Countries,  with  countenancing  Monfitur  (m)  with 
Money  at  Cambray,  with  fending  her  Nobility  with 
him  into  the  Lsw  Countries,  with  the  Actions  of 
Sir  Franas  Drake,  with  Afliftance  of  the  Lmi- 

'  Of  the  Purpofeof  the  Comiiined  Princes  : 
*  Their  Shew  is  to  deal  with  the  King  of  Na- 
ijflrr  to  extirpate  him,  but  their  Drift  is  to  ruin 
Religion,  not  only  there,  but  to  fet  upon  and  to 
work  the  Ruin  of  it  here  aUb  ;  wherein  the  Cardi- 
nals of  Lirain  andG/i;/^  are  now  very  bufie.  Their 
Malice  is  the  nioie  for  Executing  the  Seottijh 
Queen,  but  their  Hope  is  the  lels,  The  King  of 
Spain's  Dclignments  are  to  invade  England  and 

'  HU 

(m)  The  famous  Duke  D'^/fliMn,  menfion'd  LeTore  (P.  13!,, 
tt  fcq.)  whom  ihs  NirbcrlatJers  chofe  for  theii  Governor  at  tlicic 

P^valt  fr«n  S^in,       ^Mitov\  M<ii,  BiJI,  Vol,  II. 


3ia    The Tarruimentary  Hi&roKJ.     ■ 

.Qa«nEii«beth.     *  ^'^  Preparation  : 

IS87-8.  '  Three  hundred  and  fixty  Sail  of  S/i7(«.  Eighty 

Gallies  from  Fmia  and  Genod.  One  Galliafs  with 
fix  hundred  armed  Men,  from  the  Duke  of  Fls- 
rence.  Twelve  thoufaiid  Men  maintained  by  Italy 
and  the  Pope.  Six  thoufand  by  the  Spanijh  Clergy. 
Twelve  thoufand  by  his  Nobility  and  Gentry  of 
Spain,  It  is  reported,  that  ten  thoufand  of  ihefe 
be  Horfemen;  I  think  it  not  all  true,  but  fomething 
there  is. 

'  We  muft  look  to  the  Papifts  at  home  and  a- 
broad.  It  hath  touched  us  in  the  Blood  of  the 
Nobili'y,  and  the  Blood  of  many  Subjefts. 

'  They  praftife  to  frame  Subjeflsagainft  all  Du- 
ty, and  bring  in  Doflrine  of  Lawfulnefs  and  Me- 
rit to  kill  the  Queen,  and  have  lent  their  Inllra- 
pients  afcroad  to  that  Purpofc. 

•  Two  Manner  of  Forces  are  tofie  handled. 
Aflift^nce  to  the  Lffoj-Couniries,  and  Defence  by 
Force  oihcrwife.  That  God  may  adilt  us  in  Jy- 
flice,  in  Right,  in  Defence  again  ft  thofe  Princes. 

*  Thp  Affiilance  is  acceptable  that  will  be  profit- 
able. Her  Majefty  oweth  Relief  there  in  Honour, 
according  to  the  Leagues,  efpecially  between  ugard 
the  Houfe  of  Burgundy  :  Which  Leagues  differ 
from  Leagues  growing  between  Prince  {ind 
Prince,  for  they  grew  between  the  People  and  this 
State,  We  are  bound  to  help  them  in  Honour 
according  to  the  Leagues.  Many  Matriiges  and 
many  Secrecies  have  been  long  between  us,  and  the 
relieving  of  the  Affliflions  of  that  People  may  nop 
be  omitted. 

'  The  Heads  of  their  Miferies  s.xe,  ih^  Spanijh 
Inquifition  by  Placard,  uliiig  ftiange  Tortures  not 
^o  be  fuftered;  great  Impolitions  without  and  a- 
gainft  Law,  lending  fume  of  their  People  into 
5pff;«  and  there  tyriinnized  over;  their  Noblemen 
done  away  ;  taking  their  Towns,  and  felting  Ty- 
rants over  them  to  ufe  them  like  Dogs.  The  Pur- 
pofe  w:is  lo  bring  the  Lew-Ccuuine:  into  a  Mo- 
raichal  Seat,  and  then,  t^a:  noMs.  '  The  Queen's 
Peaiing  there  Js  warranted  by  God.     The  Queen 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      313 

ia  occafioned  ofNeceflity  for  Safety  of  her  Domi-Qujc, 
jBions  and  us,  that  that  Country  may  be  preferved, 
fliatthe  EngSJh  Commodities  may  be  vented  there 
vith  Readinefs,  with  Safety  and  with  Profit;  the 
feecovery  thereof  will  be  good  for  this  Country 
and  Crown  ;  it  may  not  be  fuffered  that  a  Nelgh- 
K)ur  Ihoiild  grow  too  ftrong.  (He  commended 
Ae  Princes  of  Italy,  and  efpecially  the  Duke  of 
Wlsrenct,  for  ufing  that  Policy  ;  Henry  the  Seventh 
for  aiding  the  Duke  of  Sr/run;'  with  eight  thou  fan  d 
'Men,  rather  than  the  King  oi  Frame,  after  he  had 
found  great  Friendlhip  of  ihem  both,  that  the  King 
oi  Franiem\^l  not   grow  too  ftrong.) 

'  The  King  of  Spain  feekcth  to  be  yet  greater  ; 
tie  hath  already  a  Seat  in  Council  amongft  the  Prin- 
Iecb  of  Germany,  by  reafon  of  Territories  his  Father 
got  there  ;  and,  if  he  could,  he  would  frame  the 
%mv- Countries  to  his  Defire* 

■  As  to  the  Pretence  of  Injuries  before  remem- 
Jibred  :  As  to  the  iirfl  going  over,  her  Majefty  mif- 
liked  it,  and  punifhed  fome  of  the  Captains  (he 
named  Sir  Humfrey  Gilbert  for  one.)  Concer- 
ning Mmjieur^  the  firft  Time  her  Majefty  drew 
him  from  proceeding  for  the  Lotv-Counlries ;  the 
fecond  Time  (he  confented  that  he  (hould  only 
aflift  the  Low-Countries,  which  Monfieur  after- 
wards abufed,  contrary  to  her  Majefty "s  Meaning. 
Concerning  Mr  Drake'sB:^  Voyage,  her  Majefty 
inew  it  not;  and  when  he  c^me  home,  (he 
ifeized  the  whole  Mafs  of  Subftance,  brought  by  him, 
tofatisiiethe  King  ofS/jain  (if  Caufe  fo  requiredj 
and  thereupon  deiired  Certificate  for  Invafion  in- 
Jo  Ireland. 

*  *  Concerning  Mr  Drnke\  laft  Voyage,  it  was  to 
tneet  with  the  Rcftraint=  and  Sciiures  in  Spaitiy 
«iid  their  Purpofeof  War  thereupon  difcover- 
W  ;  for  there  w^is   found  by   the   Mafter  of  Mr 

ii^'s  Ship,  who  rook  the  Corrigedore,  and  others, 
'*  Commiilion  from  the  King  of  Spain,  whereby 
>k  termed  us  his  Rtb^ls,  as  he  termed  the  Lirw- 

S  He 

314    T^be  Tarl'tamentary  History 

^gunEliiibeih,      '  He  then  remembred  another  Grievance  not 

is!?-*.  touched  before,  wliich  was  the  Entertaining 

of  Don  Anthony  [n). 

*  Which  he  anfwered  to  be  done  in  honourable 
Cduriefie,  becaule  of  his  State,  who  was  a  King  a- 
nointed  and  crowned ;  though  his  Seal  was  not  long 
untroubled,  and  coming  hither  in  honourable  and 
courteous  Manner,  though  fomething  weakned, 
required  the  Entertainment  he  had. 

*  Then  lie  iterated,  that  the  great  Grief  is  Beli- 
on,  and  faid  ihac  all  godly  ones  are  bound  to  de- 
fend it.  He  then  commended  her  Majefty's  Cou- 
rage againit  her  Enemies  Malice,  efteeming  it  no 
lefs  than  the  ftouteft  Kings  in  Europe. 

'  Mr  Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer,  after  Mr 
Vice-Chamberlain's  Speeches  ended,  remembred 
fome  of  the  former,  and  inferred,  and  fo  concluded, 
that  the  great  Preparations  of  War  which  was  fit 
fpeedily  to  be  thought  of  and  provided,  would  grow 
chargeable  ;  and  therefore  thought  it  fit  with  Ex- 
pedition, that  the  Houfe  fiiould  appoint  a  con- 
venient Number  to  fet  down  Articles  for  a 
Subfidy.  Whereupon  all  the  Privy-Council  be- 
ing of  this  Houfe,  the  firJt  Knight  for  every  Shire, 
and  others,  were  appointed  10  meet  in  the  Ex- 
chequer-Cham  be  rj  at  two  in  the  Afternoon.' 

'  February  27.      Mr  Cope^  a  Member  of  ihij 
Mo-Houfe,   Hood    up  to   make  a  Motion;   and  after 
Kra.  ufing  fome  Speeches  touching   the  Nece flit y  of  a 
'"j"- learned  Miniilry,  and  the  Amendment   of  Things 
amils  in   the  Ecclefiaftical  Eftate,  offered  to  the 
Houfe  a  Bill,  and  a  written  Book  ;  the  Bill  con- 
taining a  Petition  that  it  might  be  enafled,  that  all 
Laws,  now  in  Force,  touching  Eccleiiaftical   Go- 
vernment,  Ihould  be  void  :  And  that  It  might  be 
enacted,  thjt  the  Boole  of  Common-Prayer,  now 
offered  and  none  other,  might  be   received  into  tho 
Church  to  be  ufed.     The  Bool;  contained  the  Foim 

fa)  N»tunl  Son  of  Jobx   III.  King  of  Ferttigal,    whom  tha 

Englifi  ifliftcd  ia  lui  I'icUdEdui  to  that  Crown,    apiaSt  Ftilip  i( 
Kins  of  Sf'"'  SaI'Ndn, 


Of    ENGLAND.    31J 

of  Prayer  and  Adminiftration  of  Sacraments,   v/itli  Qa«' 
divers  Rites  and  Ceremonies,   to  be  ufed  in  the 
Church.    And  defiring  that  the  Book  mighi  be  read, 
Mr  Speaker,  in  Eifetl,  ufed  this  Speech  : 

'  For  ihat  her  Majelty  before  this  Time  had 
commanded  the  Houfe  not  to  meddle  with  this 
Matter,  and  that  her  Majefty  had  promifed  to  take 
Order  in  thofe  Cafes,  he  doubted  not  hut  to  the 
good  Satisfaction  of  all  her  People  ;  he  delircd  that 
it  would  pleafe  them  to  fpare  the  Reading  of  it. 
Nolwithftanding  the  Houfe  defired  the  Reading  of 
ir.  Whereupon  Mr  Speaker  willed  the  Clerk  to 
read  it.  And  the  Clerk  being  ready  to  read  it,  Mr 
Daltm  made  a  Motion  agaiiift  the  Reading  of  it, 
faying,  that  it  was  not  meet  to  be  read,  and  that  it 
did  appoint  a  new  Form  of  Adminiftration  of  the 
Sacraments  and  Ceremonies  of  the  Church,  to 
the  Difcredit  of  the  Book  of  Common-Prayer  and 
the  whole  State  ;  and  thought  that  this  Dealing 
would  bring  her  Majefty'K  Indignation  againft  the 
Houfe,  thus  to  enterprize  the  Dealing  with  thofe 
Things  which  her  Majefty  efpecially  had  taken  into 
her  own  Charge  and  Direflion.  Whereupon  Mr 
Leuikensr  fpokc,  (hewing  the  Neceffity  of  Preach- 
ing, and  of  a  learned  Miniftry,  and  thought  it  very 
fit  that  the  Peution  and  Bonk  (hould  be  read.  To 
this  Purpofe  fpake  Mr  Harlejhn  and  MxBainhrigg^ 
and  fo  the  Time  being  p.ifled  the  Houfe  brake  up, 
and  neither  the  Peuiiun  nor  Book  read,' 

*  This  done  her  Majefty  fent  to  Mr  Speaker  as 
well  for  this  Pe;iiion  and  Book,  as  for  that  other 
Petition  and  Book  for  the  like  Effect,  that  was  de- 
livered the  laftStffion  of  Parliament}  which  Mr 
Speaker  fent  to  her  Majefty.' 

'  On  the  28ih  oi  I-eb'uary  her  Majefty  fent  for 
Mr  Speaker,  by  occaiion  whereof  the  Houfe  did 
not  fit.' 

'  On  the  firft  of  March  Mr  Weniworth  deli- 
vered unto  Mr  Speaker,  certain  Articles,  which 
contained  Qiieftioiis  touching  the  Liberties  of  the 
Houfe,  and  to  ftime  ot  which  he  was  lo  anfwer, 
and  delircd  they  might  be  read.  Mr  Speaker  re- 

Symsnds  ^ 
:ch  ao^  J 
rtant  tc^H 

d  is  ta  ^1 
1  Laws'  ^1 

3i5     The  Parliamentary  Histort 

J,  miired  him  io  fpare  his  Motion  un[il  her  Majefty's 
PJeafure  was  further  known  louciiing  the  PeiJtioa 
and  Book  Utely  delivered  inio  the  Houfe  ;  but  Mr. 
jytntivBrth  would  not  be  fo  fatisfied,  but  required 
his  Articles  might  be  read,  Mr.  Speaker  faid  he 
would  peruie  tbem,  and  then  do  what  was  fit.' 

This  is  all  the  Jsumah  zSoxiws,  butSir5y»..  ___ 

Diwsi  has  given  us  Mr.  Pf^entuiorih\  Speech  aoA 

the  Queftions  at  large,  which  are  too  important  tr 

be  omitted. 

Mr.    Speaker, 

\  '  Tp  ORASMUCH  as  fuch  Laws  as  God  is  to 

IE '  X^      be  honoured  by,  and  that  alfo.fuch  Laws' 

" '  as  our  Noble  Sovereign  and  this  worthy  Realm  of 

'  England  are  to  be  enriched,  ftrengthened  and  pre- 

*  ferved  by,  from  all  foreign  and  domeftic  Enemies 

*  and  Traiiois,  are  to  be  made  fay  this  Honourable 

*  Council,  I  as  being  one  moved  and  ftirrcd  up  by 

*  all  dutiful  Love,  and  defirous  even  for  Confcience 

*  fake,  and  of  a  Mind  to  fet  forward  God's  Glory, 
'  the  Wealth,  Strength  and  Safety  of  our  naturij 

*  Queen  and  Commonweal,  do  earnelHy  defire,  by 

*  Queition,  to  be  fatisfied  of  a  few  be 

*  moved  by  you  Mr.  Speaker,  concerning  the  Li- 
'  berty  of  this  Honourable  Council ;  for  I  do  af- 
'  fure  you,  I  pvaife  my  God  for  it,  that  I  do  find 
'  in  myfelf  a  willing  Mind  to  deliver  unto  this  Ho- 

*  nourable  Allembly  fome  little  Tafle  and  Account 

*  of  that  fimple  Talent,  which  it  hath  pleafed  God 
'  of  his  (ingular  Favour  and  Goodnefs  lo  beftow 
'  upon  me,  to  gain  to  his  Highnefs's  Honour  and 
'Glory;  and  to  Ihew  unto  my  Noble  Prince  and 
'  Commonwealth,  true,  faithful,  and  dutiful  Ser- 
'  vice;  of  the  which  MinJ,  lamfute.Mr.  Speak- 
'  er,  here  are  many  godly,  faithful,  and  true-hear- 
'  ted  Gentlemen  in  this  Honourable  Aflemblyi 
'  hovvbeit,  the  Want  of  Knowledge  and  Expe- 
'  ricnce  of  the  Liberties  pf  this  Honourable  Coua- 

*  cil,  do(h  hold  and  ftay  us  back.  For  as  We  have, 
'  a  hearty  Defile  to  ferve  God,  her  Majefty,  and 
'  ihis  noble  Realm;  even  fo  are  we  feaifu!  and 
<  loAih  to  giveorolier  anypftence  to  her  Msjcfty, 


I       Of    ENGLAND.       317 

^  or  unto  her  Laws  5   the  which)  we  piefume,  wcq^^ 
ff  {hall  not  do,  it'  we  keep  ourfelves  within  (he       i 
**  Circle  of  them,   and  no  Man  can  obferve  that 
■  whereof  he  is  ignorant.     Wherefore  I  praji  you, 

*  Mr.  Spealter,   eftfoons  to  move  ihele  few  Ar- 

*  tides,  by  Queftion,  whereby  every  one  of  this 
'  Houfe  may  know,  how  far  he  may  proceed  in 

II  Jj  this  Honourable  Council,  in  Matters  that  concern 
BJ'the  Glory  of  God,  and  our  true  and  loyal  Service 
^"  to  our  Prince  and  State.     For  I  am  fully  perfua- 

*  ded,    that  God  cannot  be  honoured,  neither  our 

*  Noble  Prince  or  Commonweal  preferved  or  main- 
'  tained,  without  free  Speech  and  Conlultailon  of 

*  this  Honourable  Council,    both  which  confift 

*  upon  the  Liberties  of  this  Honourable  Council, 
'  and  the  Knowledge  of  them  alio.     So  here  are 

*  the  Queftions,  Mr.  Speaker :  I  humbly  and  hear- 

*  tily  beleech  you  to  give  them  a  Reading,  and 
'  God  grant  us  true  and  faithful  Hearts  in  Anfwer- 

*  ingof  them;  for  ihc  true,  faiihfal,  and  hearty  Ser- 
'  vice  of  our  meiciful  God,  our  lawful  Prince, 

*  and  this  whole  and  worthy  Realm  of  England, 
'  will  much  conlili  hereafter  upon  the  Anfwer  un- 
'  to  thefe  Queftions.     Wherefore  it  behoveth  us  to 

*  ufe  wife,  grave,  and  godly  Conliderations  in  An- 
'  fwering  of  them.' 

*  Therefore  the  Lord  diicdt  our  Tonguea,  that 
_  *  we  may  anfwer  them  even  with  his  Spirit,  the 
t*  Spirit  of  Wifdom,  without  the  which  our  Wif- 
H^'dom  is  nothing  eil'e  but  Foolilhnefs.' 

W'  The    ^U  E  S  r  1  0  N  S. 

B  ■  *  Whether  this  Council  be  not  a  Place  for  any 
B*  Member  of  the  fame  here  allembled,  ireely  and 
u*  without  Controlment  of  any  Per/on,  or  Danger 

*  of  Laws,  by  Bill  or  Speecb,  to  uiter  any  of  the 

*  Griefs  of  this  Commonwealth  whailoevcr,  touch- 
'  ing  the  Service  of  God,  the  Safety  of  the  Prince 

~f"*  and  this  noble  Realm  ? 

'  Whether  that  great  Honour  may  be  done  unto 

*  Cod)  and  Beneh[  and  tcrvice  unto  the  Prince 
'  and 

3 1 8     The  ^Parliamentary  Histor  r 

'  and  State  without  free  Speech  in  this  Council* 

*  which  may  be  done  with  it? 

'  Whether  there  be  any  Council  which  can 
'  make,  add  to,  or  diminilh  fcum  the  Laws  of  ths 
'Realm,  but  only  this  Council  of  Parliament?     ■ 

'  Whether  it  be  not  againft  the  Orders  of  thii 

*  Council  to  malceany  Secret  or  Matter  of  Weighty 

*  which  is  here  in  Hand,    Icnown  to  the  Prince  ot 

*  any  other,  concerning  the  high  Service  of  God, 
'  Prince  or  State,  without  ihe  Confent  of  tho 

'  Whether  the  Speaker,  or  any  other,  mny  inter- 

*  rUpt  any  Merfiber  of  this  Council  in  his  Speech 

*  ufed  in  this  Houfe,  tending  lo  any  of  the  fore- 
'  named  high  Services  ? 

•  Whether  the  Speaker  may  rife  when  he  vrilljitl 

*  any  Matter  being  propounded,    without  Coalentil 
'  of  the  Houfe  or  not?  :  ' 

*  Whether  the  Spe?ker  may  over-rule  the  Houfe 
'  in  any  Matter  or  Caufe  there  in  Queftion  ;    or 

*  whether  he  is  to  be  ruled  or  ovcr-iuled  in  any 
'  Matter  or  not? 

'  Whether  the  Prince  and  State  can  continue, 
'  ftand  and  be  mainialned  without  this  Council  of 
'  Parliament,  but  by  altering  the  Government  of- 
'  the  State?'  n 


r  We  are  told  that  the  Speaker  did  not  think  pro-i 

FoiwhichJjeana  per  to  put  thefe  Queftions  to  the  Houfe;  but 
four  more  arf  (heWed  them  to  Sir  thomai  Heneage,  a  Privy- 
^^'^"^'''.'Jj^Counfellor;    and  foon  after  Mr.  fVsntworth  was 

tPiivy-Coumii.    committed  Prifoner  to  the  Tcrwer.     And  Afarch 
the  zd,  Mr.  Ca^e^  Mr.  Lewkener,  Mr.  Harltjlan 
and  Mr.  Boynbrigg,  the  four  Speakers  to  ihe  Mo- 
tion aforefaid,  were  fent  for  betore  the  Lord  Chan- 
cellor and  divers  of  the  Privy-Council,  and  by 
them  fent  to  the  %wer  after  Mr,  ffenltvorib. 
Two  Days  after  this,  whilft  the  Houfe  was  fil.^ 
T>cbn'.t  ihere-     ung.  Sir  Jebn  Mighamt  made  a  Motion,  '  That,' 
■f""'  '  fmce  fevera!  good  and  nccdlary  Members  of  that 

'  Houfe  were  taken  from  them,  it  would  pleaCe 
•  ihti 




0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      gij) 

'  them  to  be  humble  Petitioners  to  her  Majefly  for  QacenEU«!i«Ii. 
'  iheReftitution  of  them  again  to  the  Houfc'  is!7-S. 

To   which    Mr.  Vice- Chamberlain  anfwered, 

*  That  if   the   Gentlemen  were  committed  for 

*  Matter  within  the  Compafs  of  the  Privilege  of 

*  the  Houfe,  then  there  might  be  Room  for  a  Pe- 

*  tition.     But,  if  not,  adds  he,  we  fhal!  occafion 
»  her  Majefty's  further  Difpleafure,    He  rather  ad- 

*  viled  to  (lay  till  they  heard  more,    which  could 

*  not  be  long.     And,  further,  as  to  the  Book  and 

*  the  Petition,  her  Majefty  had,  for  divers  good 
'  Caufes  beft  known  to  herlelf,  thought  fit  to  fup- 

*  prefs  the  fame,  without  any  farther  Examination 
'  of  them.     And  yet  he  corceiv'd  it  very  unfit  for 

*  her  Majefty  to  give  any  Account  if  her  Actions' 
We  hear  no  more  of  this  Matter,  nor  how  long 

thefe  Gentlemen  were  Prifoners  in  the  Tnver;  and 
it  is  furprifing  that  neither  Cambden,  nor  any  other 
Hiftorian  take  any  Notice  of  fo  important  an  Af- 
fair. The  reft  of  thisSeflion  was  taken  up  with 
Matters  of  no  Significancy  in  this  Houfe;  except 
in  theReading  and  Palling  Ibme  Bills  already  men- 
tioned in  our  Account  of  the  other.  So  that  on 
March  the  z^d,  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice  declared 
to  both  the  Houfes,  in  Form,  that  her  Majefty  for 
certain  Reafons  could  not  come  down  to  the  Houfe 
to  pafs  the  Bills ;  and  therefoie  had  granted  her  Let- 
ters Patents,  in  which  the  Titles  of  all  the  Bills 
are,  particularly,  recited  for  that  Purpole.  Which 
Commiffion,  being  openly  read,  the  faid  Lord 
Chief  Juftice  produced  other  Letleis  Patents,  di- 
refled  to  the  two  Archbifhops,  the  great  OEGcers  of 
State,  fdc.  bfc.  conftituting  ihem  her  Majefty's-, 
Commillioncrs  to  diil'olve  this  Parliament ;  which  diir^v'd! 
being  read,  as  the  former,  ihe  Parliament  was  dif- 
folved  accordingly. 

The  Span^  Invafion  now  engrofles  all  the 
Heads  and  Pens  of  our  Englijfi  Hiftorians ;  and 
many  Pages  together,  in  our  larger  Writers,  are 
beftowed,  in  an  exadl  Detail  of  that  prodigious 
Enterprize  and  ever-glorious  Overthrow.  The 
Conftitutional  Pare  of  our  Nation  lies  wholly 

320     Tae  Parliamentary  Histort        ' 
negieSed  by  ihem  for  fomc  Years  after ;  and  they 
■  forgei  10  teU  us  that  the  Staie  was  almoit  Bankrupt 
by  It.     The  Span'ijh  Cajilures  did  by  no  Means 

difcbarge  ihe  vaft  Debt  the  Nation  run  into,  by 
the  mighty  Preparations  made  to  hinder  this  Inva- 
fion  from  taking  Effefl;  as  the  Proceedings  of 
ihc  next  Parliament  evince  lo  fomc  Purpofe  j  for  ne- 
ver fuch  a  Supply  was  granted,  at  one  Time,  by  . 
any  Parliament  before.  ''\ 

Not  long  after,  this  grand  Affair  being  over,  and"  ' 
the  Kingdom  perfeflly  relieved  from  the  Fear  of 
a  foreign  Yofee ;    when  the  Queen  had  rewarded 
her  brave  Admirals  and  Commanders,  for  their 
extraordinary  Conduft  and  great  Valour  (hewn  on 
the  Occalion,    as  weil  as  ihe  could,  but  not  cqi^al 
to  their  Merit;     Her  Majefty,  by  ihe  Advice  of 
her  Council,   thought  proper  to  fummon  a  Parlia- 
ment, to  mecizilVeJimnjler,  on  the  12th  Day  of 
Nsvtmber  in  the  30th  Year  of  her  Reign.    When 
being  aflembled,  accordingly,  it  was  by  Leirets 
Patents,   directed   to  Sir  Chriftsphr  Hation  Kt. 
then  Lord  Chancellor,   TVillidm  Lord   Bur/eighy  ■ 
Lord  Treafurer,  i^i.  prorogued  from  that  Day  to' J 
the  fih  of  February  next  enluing  (c). 

Al  which  Time,  being  again  aflembled,  and  ibc 
,^  Queen  prefent,  the  Lord  Chancellor  opened  the 
'Caufe  of  the  Summons  to  both  Houles  of  Parlia- 
'■  ment  to  this  tSM  j  He  toU  them,  [p) . 

'  That  her  Majefty  had  made  it  her  conftanE 
Study,  from  the  very  Beginning  of  her  Reign 
to  this  Time,  to  preferve  Peace ;  not  only 
ar  Home  but  alio  Abioad.  That  (he  had  given 
no  Occafion  10  i!ie  many  Princes  about  her  to 
invade  her  Dominions.  Nor  had  taken  Arms 
to  revenge  the  many  Injuries  which  others  had 
brought  Bgainft  her.  Peace  flie  ever  had  above 
all  l~hings  at  He:irt,  had  nouri(hed  and  prcferved . 
ir.  Neither  the  Inf;int  State  of  Scatlaad,  nor 
ihe  Treachery  of  Frmue,  nor  the  Divifioas  of 
her  Enemies,  nor  the  frequent  SoUicitations  of 
»  the 

0/E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      311 

),  nor  even  all  ihefe  Things,  could  move  QufttBiinifth. 
)  make  War.  And,  when  flie  heard  that  'S«»-^ 
y  Preparatidns  were  making  againft  her  and 
ingdom,  fhe  chofe  rather  to  propofe  Peace 
o  caft  all  Hopes  of  it  afide ;  for  (he  fent  a 
*  grave,  prudent,  and  noble  Perfons,  as 
nbaffadors,  to  treat  of  it.  Which,  whilft 
ivere  labouring  to  efieft,  behold,  a  vaft 
of  Spaniflj  Ships  were  feen  on  our  EngliJS 
.  Such  a  Navy,  that  for  Number  and 
leis  of  the  Ships,  for  Quantity  of  Arms 
ilitary  Forces,  and  for  all  Kinds  of  necef- 
3res,  was  never  feen  to  float  on  the  Ocean 
But    God   Almighty,    her  Majefty's 

Defender  and  PreferVer,  rendered  tnis 
-mado  of  her  Enemies  vain  and  ufeleis. 
2  Britijh  Navy,  by  far  inferior  in  Ntmber 
length,  happily  attacked,  once  and  again, 
luge  rais'd-up  Rocks  and  Mountains  of 
q)\  and,  at  ihe  third  ConfliA,  fo  difper- 
latrered  and  difabled  them,  that,  never 
g  to  renew  the  Fight,  they  fled  for  itf 
Dk  a  long  Courfe  hitherto  unheard  of; 
f  (leered  round  Scotland^  Ireland^  and  the 
lortkern  Regions,  and  by  thofe  Means 
:o  regain  the  Spanijh  G)afb.  But  what 
icks  they  fuiTcred,  what  Aardihips  they 
)Ow  many  Ships,  Soldiers  and  Seamen 
I,  neither  can  they  yet  know,  nor  we 
tain,  learn.     Some  few  Ships  efcaped  to 

but  fo  (haken,  (battered  and  forlorn,  as 
1  never  be  of  Ufe  to  them  agaih.    The 

and  Sailors  who  have  furvived,  were  fo 
y  harrafled  by  Hunger,  Thir(l,  and  other 
:V.  X  •  Hard- 

trntin  is  hefe  immanei  iflas  ScyUat  et  CeMtmiras,  by 
il  ExpreflioD,  we  fuppoTe  that  the  Chiocelior,  who  in 
by  CanAden,  at  a  yiif  learned  Man,  pve  a  Tranfla- 
peech  for  the  Clerk  to  enter  in  the  Jmh^*L  The 
I  Proceedings^  ftr  many  Yeait  belbfc  tl|ii  Tlmej  ne 
t  down  in  Enrlifi* 

vhat  lemarkable  dnt  there  to  hot  tterj 
h  to  DtivaU  JcHrnshi 

r 1 

^  311    The 'Parliamentary  HisTqrt       V 

Q^unEliMbctk. *  Hardfhips,   thai  they  cannoc,  of  along  Time, 
1588-9.       •  recover  ihe'ir  former  Health. 

'  But  to  what  End,  Tays  he,  do  I,  by  this  Re- 

*  ciial  endeavour  to  make  you  fecure  and  void  o&  h 

*  FearP  Do  not  you  imagine,  I  fay.  that  lben^| 
'  are  ardently  Ihidlous  of  Revenge ;  and  that  the^^| 
'  wil!  not  employ  ihe  Power,  the  Strength,  th&^l 
'  Riches  of  Spain,  and  the  Forcts  of  both  King- 

*  doros,  to  accomplifli  itf  Know  you  not  the 
'  Pride,  Fury  and  Biiternefs  of  the  Spaniard  a- 

*  pinft  you  ?  Yes,  adds  he,  this  is  the  great  Caufe 
'  of  Summoning  this  Parliament  i  that  in  this  moft 
'  full  Aliembly  of  the  wifeft  and  moft  prudemPer- 
'  fons,  called  together  from  all  Pans  of  this  King- 

*  dom,  as  far  as  human  Council  can  advife,  a  di- 
'  ligent  Preparaiion  may  be  made,  that  Arms  and 
'  Forces  and  Money  may  be  in  Readinefs ;  and 
'  that  our  Navy,  which  is  the  greatcft  Bulwark  of 
'  this  Kingdom,  may  be  repaired,  manned  and  fitted 

*  out  for  ail  Events,  with  the  utmoft  Expedition.* 

After  Ihe  Chancellor  had  ended  his  Oration,  the 
Queen  adjourned  the  Houfe  of  Lords  to  the  fixih 
of  February;  to  give  Time  to  ihe  Commons  to 
choofe  their  Speaker,  which  had  been  recommend- 
ed to  them  by  the  Chancellor,  at  the  End  of  hisj 
_.  Speech.  Accordingly,  on  that  Day,  the  Ci^ibT] 
el^'ed"s^ken '"""^  prelented  to  the  Queen  G^w^f  Snu^^,  Stgr^ 
jeant  at  Law,  for  iheif  Speaker,  who,  with  tlie"- 
ufuat  Ceremonies,  was  confirmed.  The  Lord 
Chancellor  at  the  End  of  ilie  Admiffion  Speech, 
only,  acimonifhing  the  Commons  not  to  extend 
their  Privileges  to  any  unrcverend  and  mifbe- 
coming  Speeches,  or  unneceffary  Accefles  to  her 
Majetly  (r). 



(r)  This  Lord  Chmctllor,  Sir  CtrJ/l.,j>l,r  Hallin,  i.  firfl  mm- 
tioncd  in  the£aiirfe  of  thji  Hilary,  as  Cipiain  of  (b«  Guard,  mi 
aftBwacJs  >9  Vics-Chamberl.iB.  Cemhdrr.  nils  us,  '  Thai  of  « 
Cotutici,  he  wai  miiJe  Lord  CEi^nccUurj  =t  vvhidi  the  great  Lav- 
yei)  taak  inudi  ITiftane:  Thai  h:  was  advancul  lo  it  bj  tbe  cun- 
ning Atu  ol' tme  vvho,  thinking  tim  unable  to  eiecute  ite  Oj&c, 
hop'd  b)  thig  Mtans  to  threw  him  out  of  the  Queea'a  Favour:  But 
iirJf'PparC^d  >l>c  {'Uce  witb  the  grcatall  State  and  Spleodor  of  isf 
that  ever  wmt  before  him  j  and  what  he  wanted  in  Kni>wtfd|9.^ 
tht  LaWj  he  JibBW'd  n  make  good  by  E^uii  j  and  JuAicc* 

O/'    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      323 

To  (hew  what  Effefl  the  Lord  Chancellor's  Q?«"Eiia 
Speech  had  on  this  Parliament,  the  firft  Thing  the  '^  ^^ 
Houfe  of  Lords  went  upon,  was  to  bring  in  a  Bill 
concerning  the  Raifing  and  Regulating  of  Officers 
and  Soldiers;  and  the  Commons  alwut  Railing  a 
Supply.  The  former  Bill  pals'd  the  Lords,  and 
went  no  further:  But  a  Bill  againft  the Ernbczling 
of"  Armour,  Habiliments  of  War  and  Viiflual, 
which  was  made  Felony,  became  a  Statute  (s). 

The  Commons  took  a  long  Time  to  confider 
of  the  Supply ;  for  it  was  not  til!  the  i  ith  Day  of 
March  that  the  Bill  was  lent  up  to  the  Lords, 
which  at  firft  bears  this  lame  Title  in  the  'Jouniah. 
An  ASi  Jor  three  Fifteenths  and  Tenth;,  and 
-  entire  Sulifidies,  granted  by  the  I'emporaiity. 
Whether  there  is- any  Miffake  in  this  Entry,  or 
no,  is  uncertain  ;  but,  March  the  i+th,  when  the 
Bill  was  firft  read  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  it  was  more 
fignificanily  and  pompoufly  intituled.  An  ^ St  for 
the  Granting  of  Four  Fifteenths  and  Tenths  and 
two  entire  Subfidies,  ia  our  mojt  gracious  Sovereign  a  Tsry  [irg 
the^een's  meft  excellent  Maje/ly.  And  was  pnfled  Supply, 
under  the  fame  Title  on  the  17  th.  On  the  fame 
Day  a  Bill  was  read  for  the  Confirmation  of  3 
Supply  granted  by  the  Clergy,  which  confifted  of 
two  Subfidies  of'hx  Shillings  in  the  Pound,  to  be 
paid,  yearly,  by  two  Shillings  in  the  Pound. 

How   this  vafl  Supply  was  carried  in  the  Com- 
mons, will  appear  in  the  Sequil  ;   but  it  was  a 
grievous Preceas:ni,  and,  as  Ljra  Coke  obferves,  this 
Tax  w,ts  the  firft  thai  broke  the  Circle,  and  made  Lord  Coke's 
Way  for  much  greater  than  this  afterwards  ("rj. ""'"  *"""' 
He  add'',  that  in  lormer  Times,  over  and  abovft 
the  Subiidy  of  Tonmgeand  Poundage,  the  Cdm-  ._ 
mors  never  gave  above  one  Subfifty  and  two  Fif- 
teenths, fometimes  lefs;    orie  Sublidy   ufually   a- 
mountlng  ;o  Seventy  Xhoufand  Ptjund\  and  each 
Filtecnth,  at  Twenty  nine  Tho 'f-nd  Pounds,  or 
thereabouts.     The  Clergy  s  Subfidiea  were  compu- 
X  z  ^ed 

324    *^^J^  'Parli/ime^tary'tiisroKT. 

QuMiiEi^iheih  ted  aiTwciHy  Thoufand,  and  they  never  cxi 
ijlS.9.      e<J  one  Sublidy   till  ihis  Time. 

It  may  be  fuppofrd  that  the  great  Joy  the 
tion  was  under,  for  being  juft  then  delivered  fr 
foreign  Fetters,  occafioned  this  unufual  Supply, 
No  doubt,  they  thought  tAat,  at  another  Time, 
they  could  reduce  this  exorbitant  Tax,  on  the 
Subjefl,  10  its  ufual  Stint.  But  the  Event  fhewed 
the  contrary  ;  and,  that  let  the  Subjeds  give  what 
they  will  to  the  Crown,  the  latter  will  always  find 
Oicafion  to  make  it  a  Precedent  for  the  fame  or 
larger  Demand.  '  It  is  worthy  of  Obfervacioi 
fajE  Lord  Coke,  how  quietly  ijubfidies,  granted  ' 
ulua-1  and  accuftomed  Forms,  tho'  heavy,  v/er^' 
feorn  ;  fuch  a  Power  haih  Ufe  and  Cuftom  begot. 
On  the  other  Side,  what  Difcontenis  and  Diftur- 
b.inces  Stibfidies  framed  in  new  Molds  do  raife 
fuch  an  inbred  Hatred  Novelty  doth  hatch,  as  ,0; 
evident  by  Examples  of  former  Times  {u)' 

The  liime  learned  Lawyer,  hath  cxtrafled  from' 
cuf  Records,  feveral  Examples  to  this  Purpofe 
which,  as  they  were  all  prior  to  the  Times  we  are 
now  upon,  may  come,  apily,  in  this  Place.  Ob- 
ferving,  that  all,  and  more,  of  this  Kind,  may  be 
met  with  in  the  Courfc  of  this  Hiftory. 

'  In  a  Parliament,  holdeu  gth  EdtvardWl.  wh^ 
a  Motion  was  in^ide  for  3  Subfidy  to  be  granted,  (£ 
a  new  Kind,  ihe  Commons  anfwered.  they  woudff 
have  Conference  with  thofc  of  their  Countries  andi 
Pldcea  who  had  put  ihem  in  Truft,  before  Cbciijg 
Irealeii  of  any  fuch  Matter.' 

'  In  the  4ih  of  Richard  II.  a  new  Invention  of 
Subfidies  was  Ilaned,  called  a  Poll-Tax,  on  eiiher 
Sex,  for  the  Futniiliing  of  the  Earl  of  Bucking- 
ham on  his  going  to  Fmme.  Whereupon,  a  ftrong 
and  Urange  Rebellion  broke  out;  wherein  three 
great  and  worthy  Minifiers  of  State,  were  by  the 
Rafcal  Rebels  barharoufly  and  wickedly  murdered  i 
viz.  Simen  Si/dbury,  Archbifliop  of  CanterkiH 
Chancellor  of  England,  the  Prior  of  St.  'Jchn's 





M  c«. 

i  iT^jiii. 

-  P=(-  33.  34. 



Of    E  N-  G  L  A  N  D.      325 

yeru/aksj,  Treafurer  of  England,    and  Sir  yfl^/i  Qo«n  Eji»l)ctfc 
Cavendijh,   Chief  Juftice  of  England.  '       15B8.9,     ' 

'  The  gih  of  Henry  VI.  every  Knighl's  Fee 
was  chained  to  pay  zo  s,  and  fo  according  to  the 
Vakie,  under  or  over ;  as  the  Clergy  were  for  Lands 
purchafed  fmce,  zoih  Edward  I.  And  all  others 
having  Lands,  of  20 1.  Value,  not  holden  as  afore- 
laid,  20  s.  This  whole  Subfidy,  for  certain  Doubts, 
the  King  utterly  releafed,  ib  that  there  was  no  more  , 

Mention  made  of  ihe  fame.' 

*  In  the  4th  of  Heiijy  VIL  another  fuch  new- 
found Subfidy  was  granted ;    which  raifed  a  Rebel- 
lion in  the  North,  in  which   the  noble  Earl  of  \ 
NerthMmbtrland,  a  Commiflioner  in  that  Subfidy, 
was,  by  the  Rebels,  caufelefsly  and  cruelly  flain.'  \ 

'  Anna  16.  Henry  VIIL  to  futnifh  the  King  for  ' 

his  going  in  his  Royal  Perfon  to  Franct,  a  new 
Device  for  getting  of  Money  was  fet  on  Foor, 
which  made  the  headlefs  and  heedlefs  Multitude  to 
rife  in  Rebellion,  until  Charks  Brandon,  the  noble 
Duke  of  Suffolk^  quieted  and  difperfed  them.' 

■      Sape  Viatorem  mva,  non  vetus  Orbita  fallil. 

Thus  far  our  learned  Judge  and  Expofiior  of  the 

EngliJhLaws.  And  we  heartily  wifli  that  thefe  Ex- 
amples would  have  deterred  his  Brethren  from  giv- 
ing different  Opinions  to  their  King,  in  a  Cafe  of 
the  fame  Nature,  in  a  fucceedirg  Reign. 

In  the  Jmjrna/s  o(  the  Commons,   thisSeflion, 
ia  much  lefs  to  our  Purpofe  than  in  many  before. 
The  Proceedings  in  that  Houfe,  for  feveral  Days, 
being  taken    up  with  Regulating  Eledlions,  and 
lledtifying  felfe  Returns.     It  was  not  till  Feb.  17th, 
when  the  Motion  was  made  for  a  Supply  to  be 
granted  to  her  Majefty.     On  that  Day  Sir  Edward 
Hobby,  a  Member,  complained  to  the  Houle  that^^  "^'" 
fevtral  Particulars  of  a  Speech,  he  had  made  on  the  Ahafei  io  tho 
Bill  for  Regulating  Abufes  amongft  fome  Officers ^^hcqueri 
of  the  Exchequer,    had  been  reported  cut  of  the 
Houfe,  for  which  be  liad  been  fharply  rebuked  by 
a  very  great  Perfon.     And  praying  that  the  faid 
Bill  might  be  again  read  and  committed,  he  was  in 
X  3  fotrw 

^0.6    The  Tarliameutary  Histoky    I 

'  Queen  EliiaUth,  f*^ flic  ^^''^  interrupted  by  the  Chancellor  of  the 
158S-9.  Exchequer;  who  faid,  '  That  he  offered  not  to 
fpeak  to  any  Prejudice  of  the  faid  Motion ;  but 
putting  the  Houfe  in  Remembrance  of  iheirCharge, 
given  unto  him  and  others,  for  Conference  to  be  had 
touching  fome  convenient  Supply  of  Treafure  to 
be  had  and  levied  for  the  ncceflary  Defence  of  her 
Majefty  and  this  Realm,  now  prefcntly  in  Danger 
of  fuch  mighty  and  great  Enemies,  as  erll  of  late 
hath  been  at  large  delivered  unto  this  Houfe  by 
fome  Members  of  the  fame,  declared  unto  them, 
that  he  and  the  greater  Part  of  the  Refidue  of  the 
Commirtees  therein,  though  divers  of  them  did  not 
give  that  Attendance  therein  which  fo  great  and 
weighty  a  Caufe  do[h  require,  have  met  and  had 
Confeience  tt^ethcr  about  the  fame,  four  feyeral 
Times;  and,  that  at  the  laft  and  fourih  Time  of 
their  faid  Conference,  they  refolved  upon  fuch 
an  extraordinary  Proportion  of  Proviiion,  as  ihey 
thought,  the  prefent  extraordinary Occafion  of  Ne- 
cefilty  doth  require,  and  that  they  did  fet  the  fame 
down  in  Writing,  which  he  alfo  moved  rhighc  be 
read  utilo  them;  to  the  End  that  if  it  might' upon 
the  Reading  thereof,  fland  with  their  Good-lifcing 
to  allow  of  it  and  give  their  Aflents  unto  it,  Mr. 
Speaker  might  then  deliver  it  to  her  Majefty's 
learned  Council,  to  have  the  fame  framed  into  the 
Form  of  a  Bill  to  be  proceeded  in  and  pad  in  this 
Houfe;  and  ftiewed  ftirther,  that  as  the  Grant  of 
this  Contribution  is  greater  than  haih  been  hereto- 
fore for  the  mofl  Part  ordinarily  ufed  to  be  granted 
fthe  prefent  Neceffiry  fo  requiring  it)  fo  thinking, 
good  amoncft  them  it  fhould  not  hereai^ier  be  an 
Occafion  of  a  Precfdent  to  Pofleriiy  for  the  like 
(v'idKiii'  lil:e  Cuie)  divprs  of  them  were  of  Opi- 
nion, that  (bme  meet  Wnrds  to  fuch  an  Effe"^ 
might  be  inferted  in  the  Preamble  10  the  Bi 
And  fh^w-d  furiher,  that  one  of  the  Committee 
to  wi!,  Mr  Francis  ^nan,  had  for  that  Purpo.. 
fet  down  a  Note  in  Writing,  which,  he  laid,  (7f 
It  picafed  them)  they  might  alfo  hear  read,  arKl  af- 
terwards fif  they  thought  good)  might  aff 



0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     327 

livered  to  her  Majefty'a  fiiid  learned  Council  like-  qn,.enEli«Uilu 
wife  with  the  faid  other  Note ;  and  tliat  withal  the  ijiS-ig. 
feid  Mr.  Bacon  might  repair  to  her  Majefty's  faid 
learned  Council  for  the  further  Proceeding  therein 
with  them,  if  this  Houfe  fhould  fo  think  good. 
Whereupon  the  Houfe  liking  well  of  this  Motion, 
both  the  faid  Notes  in  Writing  were  read  by  the 
Clerk,  and  afterwards  agreed  by  the  whole  Houfe, 
■that  the  fame  Notes  fhould  be  forthwith  delivered 
'by  Mr.  Speaker  to  her  Majefty's  faid  learned  Coun- 
cil accordingly,  and  the  faid  Mr.  Bacon  alfo  to  re- 
pair unto  them." 

After  the  Chancellor  had  ended.  Sir  Hfnry 
Knyvet  flood  up  and  entered  upon  the  Complaint 
made  by  Sir  Edward  Hobby,  and  delired  the  Houfe 
would  take  it  into  Confideration.  He  recited  the 
Heads  of  Sir  Edward's  firft  Speech  which  gave  the 
Offence,  and,  after  commending  the  Motion,  he 
urged  the  prefent  Reading  of  the  Bill,  And,  upon 
the  (^eftion,  it  was  ordered  to  be  read  immediate- 
ly, and  afterwards  committed- 

This  Bill,  and  another  concerning  Purveyors,  And  eonewning 
gave  great  Offence  at  Court.     We  find  that /If-Putvcyonj  both 
bruary  Z7th,  a  Meffage  came  from  the  Lords  to  de-"'"'*'  E"";  Of- 
fire  a  Conference  with  fome  of  the  Lower- Houfe  ^e^^"  ^  ' 
concerning  a  MelTige  they  had  juft  received  from 
her  Majefty.     On  this,  a  large  Committee  were 
appointed,  who,  returning,  made  Report,  '  That 

*  the  Lord  Trcafurer  had  informed  them  the  Mef- 

*  fage  from  her  Majefty  was  concerning  the  Bills 

*  aforefaid,    which  (he   greatly   mifliked  in  both 

*  Cafes.     The  one  Knding  lo  regulate  the  Officers 

*  and  Minifters  of  her  own  Houfhold;    and  the 

*  other,  thofe  of  her  own  Court  and  of  her  own 
*:  Revenues.  In  both  which,  if  any  fhould  de- 
■  mean  themfelves  ill,  her  Majefty  was  of  herfclf 

*  both  able  and  willing  to   reform   them.     And 

*  would  make  public  Examples,   to  other  OfHcers, 

*  of  thofe  of  her  Houfhold  or  Court  who  fhould 

*  2i  any  Time  be  found  to  otFend  ' 

Many  Speeches  and  Motions  were  made  upon 
ll|i«,  what  was  bcft  to  be  done  to  falisfy  her  Ma- 

Her  MdTiBe 

318    The 'Parliamentary  History 

^wenilialtth.  i«fly  ^bout  ihcir  Proceedings  in  thefe  Bills.     Arl 
ijsa  9.      length,  it  wasTefolvcd  to  chufe  another  Committee  } 
to confidet of  ihis Matter;    and,alfo  to  fearch  Pre- 
cedents that  might  tieft  lerve  to  that  Purpofe.     And  i 
two  Days  afier,  it  was  reponed  to  Che  Houle,  that  ] 
the  Commiitce  thought  the  beft  Way  was  to  re-  f 
prefent  the  Cafe,  as  it  flood,  lo  her  Majefly  by  the  I 
Mouth  of  their  Speaker.     Accordingly,  on  Mardf'm 
8ih,  Mr.  Speaker  ihewcd  unto  ihe  Houfe,  '  Than 
he  and  others  of  (his  Houfc,  who  were  appojntcdl 
10  attend  upon   her  Majefty,  had  Acccfa  unto  her   ' 
Highnefe  Yefterday  in  the  Afternoon;  and  that 
they  received  from  her  Majefty  nioft  comfortable 
and  gracious  Speeches  in  far  better  Sort  and  Mea- 
fute  ihan  he  was  any  W^y  able  lo  repeat  or  open 
unto  them,  of  her  Highnefs's  great  and  ioeftimable 
loving  Care  towards  her  loving  Subjeds,  yea  more 
than  of  her  own  felf,  or  than  any  of  them  have 
of  thcmielves.     And  as  to  the  Paris  of  the  prefent 
humble  Petition  of  this  Houfe  unto  herHighnefe, 
in  the  Grievances  by  the  Purveyors  and  in  the 
Court  of  Exchequer,  it  plcafed  her  Majefty  to  tell 
them,   That  for  the  one,  to  wit,  the  Abufes  of 
purveyors,  her  Highnefs  of  her  own  Princely  Care 
towards  her  Subjects,  had  given  Orders  unto  the 
late  Lord  Steward  to  addrefe  his  Letters  unto  all  the 
Shirks  of  this  Realm,  for  the  due  Inquiry  and  Certii- 
ficate  of  the  Mifdemeanors  of  Purveyors  in  ^1 
Places,  for  fome  Courfes  thereupon  to  be  had  foi* 
convenient  Redreia  in  the  fame :     And  that  before 
any  Order  could  well  be -taken  for  accomplilhing 
that  good  intended  EfFeifi,    the  ^paniardi  upon  a' 
fuddcn  attempted  the  Invafion  of  this  Realm  ;   by 
yeafon  whereof  (her  Majefty  faid)  the  faid  Purpoie 
was  not  performed.     And  To  (hewing  further,  that 
her  Majefty  having  as  much  Skill,  Wiii  and  Power 
to  rule  and  govern  her  own  HoulhoM,  as  any  Subr 
]eiX  to  rule  and  govern  theirs  without  the  Help 
ur  Aid  of  their  Neighboursi  fo  her  Majefty  mind- 
ing very  carefully  of  her  own   mere  great  Love 
and  Affeftion  towards  her  dqtilul  and  loving  Sub- 

'  0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      jip 

jcfts  (whole  moft  faithful  and  approved  good  Love  QuecaElinbetfa. 
and  Fidelity  towards  her,  flie  more  efteemeth  than  *s88-9' 
all  the  Treafures  of  the  World  befides)  very  Ihort- 
ly  to  caufe  a  Colleflion  to  be  made  of  all  the  Laws 
already  in  Force  touching  Purveyors,  and  alio  all 
the  Conftitutiors  of  her  Highnefs's  Houfhold  in 
that  Cafe,  and  thereupon  by  the  Advice  of  her 
Judges  and  her  learned  Council,  to  fct  down  fuch 
a  Form  and  P!ot  for  the  faid  RedrelTes,  yea,  and 
that  before  the  End  of  this  prefent  Seflion,  as  fliall 
be  as  good  and  better  for  the  Eafe  of  the  Subjefts, 
than  that  which  this  Houfe  had  attempted  without 
her  Privity,  and  in  which  they  would  have  bereaved 
her  Majefty  of  the  Honour,  Glory  and  Commen- 
dation of  the  fame.  And  touching  the  Exchequer 
fhe  faid,  it  was  her  Chamber,  and  fo  more  near 
unto  her  than  the  Houfhold :  And  that  in  tfie 
tenth  Year  of  het  Reign,  her  Majefty  had  caufed 
certain  Orders  and  Conftitutionsto  be  fet  down,  for 
Ihe  due  and  fit  Courfe  of  fuch  Things  in  the  faid 
Court,  as  her  Subjeds  feem  lo  be  grieved  for.* 

On  which  thefe  two  Bills  were  drop'd,  for  that  which  ocdSton 
Time ;   but,  as  it  feems,  they  were  foon  after  re-  '*"''',^<'inK  ^"^ 
vived,  by  the  Queen's  Allowance,  and  paiTed  into  "'*'  ' 
Laws  this  Parliament. 

Few  Seffions  were  ended  in  this  Reign  without 
ibme  Strokes  at  the  Eftablifhed  Church,  or  the  Mi- 
niftersofir.      And  \n  thh  Mr.  Vavenpitrf&aod  vp 
and  made    a  Motion,  '  That  he  was  neither  for 
making  of  anyncw  Laws,  norabrogaiingany  old, 
but  for  a  due  Courfe  of  Proceeding  in  Laws  already  fh^' R^fc™!* 
eftablifhed.     Thele,  be  thought,   were  ill  execu-  'ion  of  the 
ted  by  fome  Ecclefiaftical  Governorsj    contrary '^'"^^" 
both  to  the  Purport  of  the  faid  Laws,   and  alfo, 
to  the  Minds  and  Meanings  of  the  Law-makers, 
ID  the  great  Hurt  and  Grievance  of  (undry  of  her 
Mrtjefty'3  good  Suhjeifls.'     He  then  ofFtred  a  Wri- 
ting to  the  Houfe,  containing  fome  Particulars  to 
prove  his  Aflertion,  and  prayed  that  it  mi^ht  be 

In  Anfwer  to  ihis  Motion,  Mr.  Secretary  Ifs!- 

^ey    <   v  '■    Le„ve  to  put  the  Houfe  in  Mind  of 


^^o    The  Tarliamentary  Histort   ' 

<te*nEli«»l>ett.'icrMajefty's  exprefs  Inhibition,  delivered  to  them 
'jSM-  by  the  Mouth  of  the  Lord  Chanceilorj  at  the  Be- 
ginning of  this  Seffion,  touching  any  Dealing  in 
Ecclefiaftical  Caufes.  And  (aid,  ihar,  for  his  Part, 
if  they  meddled  in  the  laft  tnoved  Affair,  contrary 
to  the  Inhibition,  the  Houfe  would  fliew  a  high 
Contempt  of  her  Majefty's  Commands.  Where- 
upon, though  the  Writing  was  received,  it  was 
not  read  at  all,  but  fomeTime  after  delivered  back 
to  Mr.  Davenport  by  ihc  Speaker. 

A   Bill  for  Reforming   the   many   Inconvent* 
ences,   from   the  great  Number  of  Pluralities  a 
Non-  Rcfidents  on  Church  Livings,  pafied  the  Coi 
mons  i  but  was  thrown  out  by  the  Lords. 

Thefc  Altercations  put  the  Commons  into  Til 
vifions  about  granting  the  Supply.     It  was  not  riH 
Dtbttt  on  the  Ftbrtutry  28th  that  ibe  Bill  for  it  was  again  conli- 
Soppiy.  dgfed  ;  and  feveral  Speeches  being  made  for  having 

it  fpeedily  ingrofs'd,  it  was  oppoled  by  others, 
who  argued  '  That  il  was  belter  to  proceed  with 
other  Bills,  as  neccflary  for  the  Common-Wealth, 
which  ought  to  be  treated  on  and  expedited  before 
the  Subfidy  Bill :  Becaufe,  it  was  their  Opinions 
Vhen  that  Bill  was  once  palled  this  Houfe,  there 
would  foon  be  an  End  of  this  Seffion  of  Parliament, 
Gn  which,  the  Queflion  being  put,  it  was  carried 
for  the  Ingrolsment  of  the  Bill,  though  we  arc  not 
told  by  -what  Majori[y.  After  this,  it  met  with 
no  more  Oppofition,  but  was  paffed  and  fent  up  to.' 
the  Lords,  on  the  x  ith  of  March.  i 

We  are  obliged  to  Mr.  Strype  however,  for  re-' 
irieving  us  one  of  the  Speeches,  made  in  theHoufc 
of  Commons,  againft  this  large  Supply.  This 
was  alfo  amongtt  the  Burleigbian  Manufcripts;  but 
the  Reader  will  eaiily  acquit  the  Lord  Trcafurer  of 
England  of  having  any  Hand  in  this  Speech,  what- 
ever be  might  ha  ve  in  that  of  Serjeant  Puchring's.{u) 
The  Account  of  the  then  prelent  Sia  is  of  England 
and  of  Spain,  which  will  be  found  here,  tnuft 
ailGiie  for  the  Lengih  of  it ;  the  Or.uor's  Nante 
is  not  mentioned. 

4  Spteck. 

tu)  See  befure  pag.   J7i. 

ent>  H 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  ND.       331 

A  Spmb  in  Parliament  Anno  31  Regina;.  "^"w/?  Qgt«EJii«b(*. 
rt  Bill  af  Subftdy  to  h  granted  for  four  Yean,  in      ijgS-9. " 
Order  ta  a  Preparation  againjl  any  JJJauU  front 

'  TTrHEREASI  am,  though  unworihv,  a  .  -     t,     ■  - 
'    W      Member  of  this  Houfc,  and  zealoufly  ^^.^  "'"'"'^ 

*  deiirous  to  conjoin  myfclf  by  Confent  in  all  good 

*  Proceedings  with  the  Body  thereofi  I  have  hiiher- 

*  to  in  this  greai  Matter  of  the  Subfidy  received  fo 

*  fmal!  Satisfaftion  for  theDireftion  of  my  Judg- 

*  ment,  that  unlefs  I  fhould  manifeftly  diflent  from 
'  mine  own  Confcience,  which  neither  this  Place 
'  requircih,  nor  Chriftianicy  alloweth,  I  cannot 
'  confent  with  the  Bill  therein,    which  may  feera 

*  to  have  had  fo  general  and  current  a  Confent,  as 

*  it  might  feem  fuperfluous  to  offer  to  fpeak  to  itj 

*  and  efpecially  at  this  Time,  after  the  Engroffing 

*  thereof,  after  the  Refolution  thereon  by  a  great, 
'  grave  and  wife  Conaraictee,  I  may  be  deemed 
'  prefnmpliious,    but  to  fpeak  againft  this  Bill; 

*  whereby  the   Service  of  her  Majefty  and  the 

*  Whole  Realm  may  be  fuppofed  to  be  hindred;  it 
'  miy  be  thought  impious;  it  may  be  thought  dan- 

*  gerous.     The  Confent  of  the  greateft  Part  of  this 

*  Houfe,  as  I  take  it,  concludeih  all  the  reft  at  the 
'  Queftion,  but  excludeth  none  in  the  Arguing. 

'This  Time,  I  con  f els,  to  be  fomewhat  unlea- 

*  fonably  chofen,  but  yet  now  is  the  Time  to  fpeak, 

*  or  clfe  hereafter  for  ever  to  be  lilent.     And  ihere- 

*  in  I  do  fomewhat  rely  upon  the  Authority  of  an 

*  honourable  Pcrfonage,  who,  at  the  Putting  of 
•-this  Bill  to  EngruiUng,  affirmed  it,  in  his  Expe- 

*  ricnce,  not  to  be  uiiufual  to  have  a  Bill  argued 
'  upon,  between  the  third  Reading  and  the  Que- 
'  ftion,  two  or  three  Days. 

•  As  for  the  Service  of  her  Majefty  and  my 

*  Country,    itnto  which  two  I  owe  all  Subjc<;iion 

*  and  Duty,    I  am  fo  far  from  wilhJrawing  either 

*  myfelf  or  others  therefrom,  thai  my  Speech  fliall 
'  liave  none  other  End,   thaa  the  Advancement 

'  thereof^ 

333     The  'Parliamentary  Histort 

*  ihercoF;    neither,  as  I  hope,  {hall  in  that  Beh^ 

*  need  any  other  Apology,  than  itfelf. 

'  My  Meaning  is  not  to  difpute,  whether  it  be 
'  lawful  to  grant  a  Subfidy,  or  no.  For  then  our 
'  Saviour  Chrift  himfelf  woolJ  ftop  my  Mouthy 

*  with  his  Anfwcr  to  the  captious  Queftionifts  ia 

*  the  2oth  of  Mattheiv.  For  fure,  the  very  Im- 
'  prefiion  and  Supcrfcri prion  of  our  Money  puts  us 

*  in  Mind  to  whom  it  doth  appertain.     Ndthcr 

*  will  I  ai^Ge  whether  it  be  neceffary  to  grant  a 
'  SiibGfJy,  or  not.  But  therein  content  myfelf 
'  wiih  the  Example  of  our  Saviour,  who  in  the 
'  I7ih  of  Mctthevj,  paid  his  twentieth  Penny  out 
'  of  his  Fifh's  Mouth  for  himfelf  and  Peter.  Nor 
'  yet,  whether  it  be  convenient  to  contribute  to- 
'  ward  the  ncce0ary  Exigences  of  our  lawful  Prin- 
'  ces.     For  St.  Paul  teacheth  me  in  the  13th  to 

*  the  Ramani,  that  Tribute  appertaineth  unto  them 

*  of  Duty,  as  unto  Governors  fent  by  God,  for 

*  the  well  ordering  and  guiding  of  his  People. 

'  But  the  Qucftion,  wherein  I  endeavour  to  be. 
'  refolved,  is,  whether  it  be  necellary  or  conve- 
'  nient  for  us  at  this  Time  to  tender  unto  her  Ma- 
'  jelty  fuch  a  Subfidy,  and  in  fuch  Manner  and 
'  Form,  as  haib  been  by  divers  heretofore  moved, 
'  as  the  Purport  of  this  Bill  offcreth  unto  us. 
'  That  is  in  brief,  a  double  Subfidy  to  be  paid  in 
'  four  Years. 

'  And  Firft,  for  the  Nectjjity  thereof,  I  cannot 
'  deny,    but  if  it  were  a  Charge  impoled  upon  us 

*  by  her  Majefty's  Commandment,  or  a  Demand 
'  proceeding  from  her  Ma^ifty  by  Way  of  Requcft. 
'  [hat  I  think,  there  is  not  one  among  us  all,  either 
'  fo  disobedient  aSubjeft  Jn  regard  of  our  Duty,  or 
'  fo  unibanhful  a  Man  in  refpeitof  the  ineftimable 
'  Benefits  whith  hy  her,  and  from  her,  we  hare 
'  received,  which  would  not  with  frank  Confent, 
'  hoih  of  Voice  and  Heart,  mod  willingly  fubcnit 
'  himfelf  thereunto,  without  nny  unreverent,  En- 
'  quity  into  the  Caufea  thereof.  For  it  is  conti-' 
'  iiually  in  the  Mouth  of  us  all,  that  our  Lands, 
'  Goods,  and  Lives,  are  at  our  Prince's  Difpofing. 

f  And 



0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       353 

'  And  it  agreeth  very  well  with  that  Pofition  ofOae" 
'  the  Civil  Law,  which  faith,  ^od  omnia  Regis  ' 
'  funt.     But  how  ?  lla  tamin^  ut  omnhm  fint.   Ad 

*  Regem  tnim  Pole/las  nmmum  pirlinei  ;  ad  finguks 

*  Preprietas.     So  that  although  it  be  moit  irue, 

*  that   her   Majefty   hath,     over    ourfelves    and 

*  our  Goods,    P&teflatim  impirandi^   yet  it  is  as 

*  true,  that  until  that  Power  command,  ("which, 

*  no  doubt,  will  not  command  wiihoui  very  juft 
'  CaufeJ  every  Subjeft  hath  his  own  Prsprieiatem 
'  paffidendi.     Which  Power  and  Commandment 

*  from  her  Majefty,  as  we  have  not  yet  re- 
'  ceived,  I  take  it  (raving  Reformation)  that  we 
'  are  freed  fiom  the  Cauleof  Necejfity. 

'  Another  Caufe  of  NeceJJity,  is  the  dangerous 
'  Eflate  of  our  Common-Wealth  in  refpeit  of  In- 

*  vafion  by   our  common  and  mighty  Enemies. 

*  Which  Reafon,  becaufe  in  my  Hearing  it  hath 

*  been  the  principal,    and  aimoft  only  Perfuaderof 

*  the  Bill,   requireih  a  more  fufficient  and  exquifife 

*  Anfwer,    than  perhaps  1  fliall  make  unto  it.     I 

*  have  before  acknowledged  it  to  be  a  necelTary 
'•Anfwer,  to  move  all  to  unwonted  and  extraordi- 
'  nary  Contribution.  And  I  muft  herein  needs 
'  fubfcribc  to  a  wife  and  learned  Man  of  our  Age, 

*  who  faith,  that  they  be  pia,  qua  mm  Civlbus 

*  imperantur  Tribula,  fine  quibus  Civitas  ip/a  fun- 

*  ditui  fit  mteritura.     But  as  I  do  alTuredly  hope, 

*  that  out  Country  is  at  this  prefent  in  no  fuch  def- 
'  perate  and  dangerous  Cafe  i  the  very  Teeth  and 

*  Jaws  of  our  mightieft  and  moft  malicious  Ene- 

*  my  have  been  fo  lately  broken,  and  the  Sword 
'  of  hia  greateft  Confederate  more  lately  fheathed 
'  in  his  own  Bofom.  Belide  the  Hope  which 
'  may  juftly  be  conceived  of  the  Expedition  now 

*  fetting  forward  (v),  for  the  Defeating  all  iheit 

*  Plots,  and  Difappointing  all  their  Devices :  As, 
'  I  fay,  I  do  afiuredly  hope,  thai  our  Country  for 

*  Uiefe  Reafons,  is  in  no  fuch  great  Danger,  as  it 
'  ii  pretended,  fo  may  I  conftanily    a£tm,  that 

'  al- 

\  DrtU,  ani 


334    The  'Tarl'tamentary  History 

,. '  although  by  Way  of  Conccflion,  I  fhould  grant' 

'  it  lo  be  fo,  yet  the  Subfidy,  required  by  this' 
'  Bill  to  be  graiuedj  could  give  little  or  no  Re-' 
'  lief  thereunto.  For  as  a  Pardon  comes  unpro- 
*'fitably  10  the  Offender  after  his  Execution,    or 

*  a  Potion  to  a  Patient  after  his  Death,  orlieco- 

*  very  to  Health ;  fo  if  ih.6  Stroke  of  God's  E- 
'  nt-my  and  ours  be  likely  to  light  upon  us,  ei- 

*  ther  this  Year,  as  it  hath  been  here  affirmed  i* 
'  fo   the   next,    as  it  is  in  my  fmall  Judgment 

'  more  likely,  I  doubt  not,  but  you  will  all  con- 
'  fent  with  me,    that  a   Subfidy,    the  firft  Part 

*  whereof  is  not  to  be   paid    till  the  End  of  three 

*  Years,  (Tor  unto  that  only  my  Speech  hatti  Rela- 
'  tion)  can  ferve  neither  for  Pay,  nor  Provilion,  in 
'  Defence  thereof. 

XJtilis  ejl  Medidna  fua  yua  Tempore  ve/iit, 

faiih  the  Poet.  And,  Sapitntia  fera,  is  fetd  W  * 
be  Praxima  Stuhitits. 

'  And  thus  having  briefly  fct  down  mine  Opi- 
nion againft  the  Neceflity  of  this  Grant,  I  will 
by  your  favourable  Patience,  with  like  Brevity 
declare  fuch  Incanvenienm,  as  I  have  conceived 
may  enfue  thereby.  It  is  not  unknown  to  you 
all,  but  moft  fen-lbly  felt  through  rhe  wholt! 
Realm,  what  Charge  and  Expences  the  Com- 
mons thereof  were  tbislaft  Summer  driven  unto 
fay  Frep-ua:ion  and  Provifion  of  Arms,  Hoifes, 
Apparel,  and  other  Neccflancs,  fo;  their  iuft 
and  natural  Defence  agaiiift  the  intended  in- 
vafion;  You  know,  that  fince  that  Time  X 
Paymentof  the  Subfidy,  laft  granrea,  hjth  been 
mxde  unto  her  Majclly.  There  is  none  of  us 
ignorant  what  Number  of  Privy-Seals  are  even 
now  drfperfed  through  the  whole  Realm,  to 
the  Emptying  Men's  Coffers,  and  Impairing  oT 
their  Stocks:  With  what  Readinefs,  Duty  aOd 
Good- Will;  thefe  Things  have  been,  and  (hall 
be  performed  by  the  Subjedls,  no  Man  here  may 
dotiBt.  Now  then  to  bring  a  new  and  unacuf- 
tomed  Continuation  of  Payments,  one  to  role 



0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      335 

'  in  the  Neck  of  another,  ficut  Unda  /uperierit  Un-  qj,„„  ; 

'  Jam,   I  know  not,  by  what  Warrant  of  Reafon      1588-9! 
'  or  Confcience,  we  may  tlo  it :     Efpedally,  con- 

*  fidering,  that  it  is  rot  a  Matter  neceiFarily  impo- 
'  fed  upon  us,  as  I  iiid  before,  but  voluntarily  to 
'  be  offered   by  us.     Surely,    one  fpeaketh  very 

*  phinly,  and  faith,  A/mi  eji  CUtellam  ferre  Hben- 
'  ter.     But  I  will,  as  it  becomes  me,  uie  more  Re- 

*  verence  in  this  honourable  Place ;  and  fay,  ihat 
'  I  think  it  not  convenient,  that  we  fliould  lay 

*  Burdens  on  our  own  Shoulders,  or  put  Shackles 
'  on  our  own  Feet. 

'  But  it  is  ilill  urged,  that  the  Service  of  her 

*  Majefty,   and  Safeguard  of  out  own  fcives,  is 

*  ptovicTed  for  hereby  j  furely,  by  your  honourable 
'  Patience,  I  will  attempt  to  prove,  that  by  this 

*  Grant  her  Majefty's  Service  (hall  be  raiher  hin- 

*  dred  than  forwarded  j  andourfelves  rather  endan- 
'  gered  than  fecured.  It  was  very  gravely  and 
'  wifely  delivered  unto  us  in  her  Majefty's  Prefence, 
'  at  the  Beginning  of  this  Parliament,  by  my  Lord 
'  Chancellor,  ^od  tutitis  Fide,  quiim  Ferra  rtg- 
'  nant  Rtges.     And  furely,  if  Auro  were  put  in 

*  the  Place  of  Ferra,  the  Sentence  were  notwith- 

*  ftandbg  neverthelels  true.     For  it  is  not  the  A- 

*  bundance  of  Treafure,  nor  the  Multitude  of  Pof- 

*  iel&ons,  neither  the  infinite  Number  of  Men, 
'  which    maintain    and  elbblifli  a   King  in   hit 

*  Throne,  but  the  Faith,  Love,  Loyalty  and  Con- 

*  lentment  of  his  People  and  Subjefls,  which  as 

*  her  Majefty  hath  hitherto,    from  her  firft  Augu- 

*  ration,  molt  defervedly  had;  and  that  as  fully  and 

*  amply,  as  ever  had  any  Prince  in  Europi:    So 

*  were  it  greatly  to  be  lamented,  that  now  through 

*  our  Debates,  any  fuch  Dilt:on(ent  (hould  be  bred 
'  in  the  Minds  and  Hearts  of  her  People  ;  wherc- 

*  by  their  accuftomed  Affeitions  towards  her  might 
'  receive  the  leaft  Diminuiion.     And  farely,  who- 

*  foever  they  be,  that  by  new  and  flrange  Exac- 

*  tions  on  the  People,  fhall  go  about  to  fill  up  the 
•Prince's  Coffers,  may  perhaps  plcale  the  Prince, 

*  by  ferviog  his  Turn  for  the  Time,  but  fliall  in 

93(5    TheTarliamentary  HiSTORr 

uEliulicth.  *  the  End  be  found  to  have  done  him,  bat  bad  Sep" 
isM-9 .       <  yi(^      Yhe  Anl'wer  of  the  Emperor  Tiberius  uit. 

*  to  his  ^'Jion,  or  Tteafureis ;    which  perfuaded 

*  him  for  the  Repairing  of  the  Treafury,  to  load 
'  the  Provinces  with  Tribute,  is  worthy  eternal 
'  Memory;    which  was,  that  it  was  Boni Paflori) 

*  tonitre  Ovis,  nen  autem  deglubert.  And  the  Prac- 
'  tice  of  the  Romans,  while  Hanniba!  belieged  their, 
'  City,  is  of  all  Nations  worthy  to  be  imitated. 
'  For  being  hardly  preft  by  the  Siege,  and  their' 
^common  Treafure  quite  cxhaulted,  the  Senate 
'  took  Counfel  togetlier  for  the  Redrefs  of  thefe 
*Mifchief3:     Some  of  them  perfuading,  like  Ti- 

*  berius's  Treafurers,  that  the  People  were_  to  be 

*  charged  with  a  Subftdy  or  Impolition.     But  the 

*  greater  and  wiferSortCwhofe  Authority  alfo  pre- 

*  vailed)  would  by  no  Means  alTent  thereunto ; 
'  thinking  it,  (efpecially  in  that  Time  of  Extrcmi- 
'  ly^  moft  inconvenient  by  new  Taxes  and  Impo- 
'  fitions,  to  difcontent  the  People,  in  whom  the 
'  Strength  and  Defence  of  their  Cily  confided. 
'  And  what  did  they  ?  Why,  they  decreed  that  a 
'  Contribution  fliould  be  made  by  Way  of  a  Bene- 
'  volenee.     And  they   themfelves  would  fitft  gd 

*  unto  the  7ri%mvirss  Menfarios,  which  were  Offi- 
'  cers  appointed  for  that  Receipt ;  and  there  bellow 
'  fo  liberally  of  iheir  own,  that  the  inferior  People 

*  fhould  by  their  Example  be  incited  to  a  lai^eand 
'bountiful  Contribution.  But  what  followed 2 
'  The  People,  as  the  Story  faith,  came  in  fo  feft, 
'  and  the  Money  in  fuch  Abundance,  Ut  nee  Trh 
'  umviri  Menfarti  accipiends,  nic  Striba  re/trindef 
'  fiifficerent.  It  is  wririen  by  Livy  in  the  26ih 
'  Book,  and  needelh  no  Application.    Only  this 

*  I  would  wifli  to  be  conlidered,  whether  if  wc 
'  {hould  by  Extremity  be  put  to  the  like  Shift  for  a 
'  Benevolence,  before  the  Payment  of  this  latter 
'  Subfidy,  the  Grant  of  this  would  not  do  greater 
■  Hun  to  that  Contiibuiion,  than  ftfelf  could  do 
'  good,  when  it  (hall  be  paid. 

'  I  could  with  Enumeration  and  Amplification 

^  of  the  Inconvcnienees,  which  may  grow  by  this 




O/^    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      337 

'  double  Subfidy  detain  you  longer  than  cither  it  is  QaeenEli^WK. 


fit  for  me  to  fpeak,  or  pleafiiig  for  you  to  hear. 
'  But  I  will  haften  !o  an  End.     It  may  be  objcd- 

*  ed,  Tha[  this  Sublidy  c.nnot  be  an  Occafion  of 

*  anyfuch  Grievance  or  Dilconteiit,  as  is  fpoken 
',of;  or  if  it  were,   that  the  Sharpnefs  thereof 

*  is  well  allayed  and  tempered  by  the  prolonging  of 

*  the  Payment.     Surely,  it  may  be,  that  all,  or 

*  the  moft  Pari  of  this  honourable  Houfe,  who, 
■  both  in  refpeft  of  iheir   Ability,  may,  and  by 

*  reafon  of  their  liberal  Education  and  great  Wif- 

*  dom  will,  fubmit  ihemfelves  unto  it :    It  is  a 

*  light  and  ealy  Burihen,  and  accounted  but  for 

*  aFlea-fiiting.     But  unto  the  People,  and  needy 

*  Countrymen,  to  the  Attiiicer,  whofe  Treafureia 
"  always  in  his  Hand,  (foi  whom  we  do  lit  hero 

*  more  principally  than  for  ourfelves)  under  pDr- 

*  reiStOfi,  it  cannot  be  accounted  but  fora  Punifli- 

*  ment. 

'  Samuel,  in  the  Oration  which  he  made  unto 

*  the   Ifraelites,  when  they  would  needs  have  a 

*  King,amongoLher  Burthens,  which  he  told  them 

*  they  ihould  bear  under  that  Kind  of  Gorem- 

*  ment,  accounteth  the  Payment  of  the  Tenth  of 

*  their  Seed,   iheir  Vineyards,    and  their  Sheep- 

*  Which  may  prove,  that  then  it  was  reckoned  for 

*  a  Pain.     And    the  Suits,  Exclamations,   Com- 
'  plaints,  and  Lamentations,  of  the  Commons  of 

*  this  Realm,  well  known  to  the  moft  Part  of  this 

*  HoUfe,  which  they  make  either  at  the  Allelling, 
'  or  Collection   of  thefe  Subfidies,  or  both,  doth 

*  fufficiently  teflify  unto  us,  that  they  account  ic 

*  now  a  Punilhment.     And  as  for  the  prolonging 

*  of  the  Payment,  I  am  fo  far  from  thinking  that 
'  it  is  any  Mitigation  of  the  Punifhmeni,  that  I 

*  am  rather  perfwaded,  that  it  is  cncreafed  thereby. 

*  As  it  is  well  faid  of  Seiieia,  in  the  beftowing  of 

*  Benefits,  .^wffi/i'i  (^fl/,    quicitodat;  fo  it   is   aS 

*  truly  fpoken  of  another,  in  the  inflifling  of  Pu- 

*  ni&ments,  Dilatio  pcenes  eft  Duplicatio  pwna  -, 

*  and  of  another,  That  the  irrevocable  Sentence  of 

*  Death  being  once  pronounced,  it  is  MifirUordia 

Vob.  IV.  Y  '  gmas. 


33S    The  Tarluimmtary  Histort      m 

'  gtnui  chii  ocddcre.  Neither  have  I  heard  any  great 

*  Reafon  why  the  Pains  of  Hell  are  intolerable,  but 
'  becaufe  they  are  perpetual :  For  Mahrum  fen- 
'  [m  accrefcit  die :  And,  Levi  ijl  miferias  ferre^ 
'  perferre  gruvi. 

'  Seeing  then  that  it  is  apparent,  that  this  Im- 

'  pofuion,  how  much  the  greater  it  (hall  be,  by  fo 

'  mjch  the  more  grievous  it  will  be  to  the  mean, 

'  ignorant,  and  untaught  Commons  of  this  Land; 

'  who  bend  all  their  Thoughts  and  AiStions  to  the 

'  procuring  andmaintaiiiLng  of  their  private  Com- 

'  modity  i  and  feeing  ,  that  their  long  Meditati- 

'  on    thereon  will  encreafe  and  double  this  their 

*  Grief  and  PuniCiment,  and  that  no  Man,  how 

*  vi-clj-natured  ornurtered  foever  he  be,  can  Well 

*  content  himfelf  with  Pain  and  Griefj  I  hope 
'  you  lee  as  clearly  as  you  hear,  that  the  Sufafidy 
'  required  by  this  Bill  to  be  granted,  muft,  after, 

*  breed  a  Difcontent  in  the  Minds  and  Hearts  of 

*  licrMajefty's  People.  Of  which  their  Difcon- 
'  tenement,  whatmightenfue  and  follow,  I  would 
'  be  very  loth  to  divine.  Whit  if  a  Dearth  of 
'  Viftuals?  What  if  Reltraint  of  Traffic,  by 
'  Means  of  Wars?  What  if  thereby  Occafion 
'  flioulJ  be  given  to  feditious  and  traiterous  Whif- 

*  perets,  to  augment  and  encreafe  it  F 

'  Sure  I  am,  that  hereof  could  follow  no  good 
'  Service  to  her  Majefty  ;  no  great  Safety  to  our- 

*  felves ;  no  Benefit  to  the  Commonwealth.     But 

*  we  fliould  then  all,  too  late,  cry,  fFst  be  ta  them 

*  that  hmght  the  firfl  Spark  to  the  Kindling  of  this 
'  Fire.     And  it  hath  often  been  proved  heretofore, 

*  by  Experience,  that  Money,  this  Way  obtained 

*  from  the  People,  hath  b^en  fpent  in  greater 
'  Meafure   in  the  pjcifying   them  of  whom   it 

*  was  collefted. 

'  The  Precedent,  befides,  may  be  dangerous, 
'  both  to  ourfelves  and  our  Poilerity.     For   we 

*  commonly  fee,  ihat  in  all  Counfelsand  Delibera- 

*  tions,  a  Precedent  is  a  forceableand  ItandingAt- 
'  gument.  And  it  was  a  wile  and  true  Saying, 
'  that  Diuturniiiii  tempsris  effiivt  poteji.,  itt  quoi 

*  ptT- 


W  0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      3J9 

*  perniciors  mare  el  exempts  convaluit,  potentiia  'Pfi  Q^^^^fXiii)K^' 

*  Lege  dominetur.     And  altho'  I  have  before  gran-      ijSS-g. 
'  led  you,  by  Way  of  Conceflion,  that  her  Ma- 
'  jefty's   Will  and  Commandment  is  a  ncceflary 

*  Argument,  to  perfuade  us  to  the  Pafiing  of  this 

*  Bill ;  yet,  left  it  may  be  thought  of  more  abfo- 
'  luteNeceiTKy,  than  (lerhaps  ilisrequiliteitfliould 
'  be  i  I  will  fct  down  a  Precedent  or  two,  which 
'  in  the  like  Cafes,  have,  in  this  Houfe,  been 
'  determined  heretofore. 

'  In  the  35.  Hen.  3.  a  Parliament  was  fummon- 
'  cd  ;  wherein  was  required  an  extraordinary  Re- 
,'  paration  of  the  King's  Treafury,  by  aSubiidy. 
'.,*  The  Commons,  becaufc  this  Demand  was  great- 

*  icr  than  ufually  had  beta  paid,  would  grant  no 
F  Subfidy  at  all  (a). 

•  Thus  I  have  prefumed  to  deliver  my  Opinion, 
'  hoping  that  if  any  thing  have  efcaped  me,  worthy 
'  Reprehenfion,  through  Ignorance,  it  (hall  be  ex- 
'  cufed  by  reafon  of  mine  Infancy  in  this  Pradtice 
'  of  Speaking:  If  any  Part  of  my  Speech  may  re-  , 

*  ceive  a  double  Conftruflion,  it  may  be  defended 

*  by  your  btft  Interpretation. 

The  Grant  of  a  Supply  being  oblained  and  paf-  j 

fed  both  Houfes,  this  Parliament,  foon  after,  drew  ' 

10  a  Conclufiun,  without  any  other  Thing,  of 
Confequeoce  to  ibis  Hiftory,  being  tranfafled  in  it. 
Except  that,  on  the  laft  Day  of  the  Seflionsi 
March  zgth,  a  Meira'e  was  brought  irom  the 
Lords,  that  their  Lorufliips  defired  the  Lower 
Houfe  to  concur  with  them  in  Opinion,  *  That 
fince  moft  of  aU  thofe  Trealbns,  which  had  beea 
pitafiifed  againft  her  Msjeily,  had  cither  been  plotted 
in  Spain,  or  procured  by  Spain  ;  and  that  all  the 
Rebellions,  either  in  Engiatid  or  Ireland,  during 
her  Majefty's  Reign,  had  been  countenanced  from 
iheoce;  and,  as  the  tJplhot  of  all,  hia  late  in- 
tetided  ambitious  and  blood-thlrfty  Conqueft,  yet 
frefli  in  Memory,  might  be  added  :  Her  Majefty 
OL^ht  to  be  defired  to  denounce  open  War  againffi 
Yj  lh« 

iv)  Thit  goe»  no  fuitlur,  tho'  it  ftems  60  wam  fomsthioa> 


340    'The  'Tarliamentary  History 

Q^MnEliabtth.^'^'^  '^'"5  °^  Spain,  as  againft  a  moft  dangwous 
ijgg-9.      Enemy  10  her  Maielly  and  her  Realms.' 

On  which  Meff,-ge  it  was  refolved,    upon  the 

Queflion,  '  That  this  HoiiTe  would  join  viih  their 

BoihHoufciiis- Lord(hips  in  requefting  her  Majefty  to  denounce 

Jf  j^,',,^"War  as  aforelaid  ;    and   that  ihe  Speaker  fhould 

jsiinil  Spain,     deliver  Ihe  fame  to  her  on  prelenting  the  Supply,' 

And,  that  very  Day.  her  Majcfty   being  come  10 

the  Upper  Htiufe,  the  Speaker  went  up  with  the 

Bills,  and,  in  his  Speech,  moved  the  Queen  to 

denounce  open  War  agalnit  the  Span-Jh  King,  who 

had  fo  lately  threained  Deftruftion  to  her  Majefty 

and  ihele  Realms  by  his  open  and  hoftilc  Invafion. 

Then,  after  giving  the  Royal  Aflent  to  the  Bills, 

The  Piriiament being  fixteen  publick  Afts  and  eight   private,  Sir 

diflblvtd.  Chrippktr  mum,    Knt.   Lord  Chancellor,    by 

the  Queen's  CommanJ,   diflolved  this  Parliament- 

Tha'  Mr  Cambdm  takes  no  Manner  of  Notice 

of  the  Calling  or  Meeting  of  the  laft  Parliament, 

yet  he  haih  left  us  fome  Account  how  the  Money 

was  laid  out,  which  was  raifed  thereby.     '  ThQ"J 

fays  he,  the  Queen  always  paid  ihe  firft  Regard  tH| 

Peace,  yet  Jhe  was  not  unco^icerncd  about  the   n^l 

ccHary   Provifions  for   War  [b).     And,  that  flie^ 

might  not  be  furprized  by  the  Spaniardii  Die  levied 

frefli  Forces,  in  the  Beginning  of  the  Spring,  both 

Tbe  <t;eWs    '"  England  iXxA.  heUnd.     She  fortitied  feveral  Pla- 

peiit  Eipencei.  CCS  in  the  latter  Kingdom,   tmA  Mllford- Haven  in 

fVales,  with  new  Ramparts.     Towards  the  Repair 

of  her  Navy,  (he  appoinfed  the  annual  Sum  of 

8970  Pounds  Sterling.     She  lent  very  large  Sums, 

on  Securities,  to  fupport  the  War,  under  the  King 

ci  Niivair,\n  Ger'rinny ;    as  well  as  for  levying 

Forces  to  he  under  the  Command  of  the  Prince  of 

Jiihdh.     BefiJes  all   this,    flie   paid,   every   two 

Months,  to  ihe  Garrilbns  of  the   two  cautionary 

Towns,  Ftujhlng  aud  Bn/l,  125,000  F/erint  ;   be- 

L fides  26,0-10  more  for  fupporting  a  Body  of  three 
ihoufand  Horle  and  Foot,  which  feived  in  the  Ne- 
therlandi.     Moreover,  ihe  furnilhed  out  Ships  of 
{b)  Kn 

(i)  KiB-nttVul,  SU  f.i: 

■        0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       341 

War  to  feveral  Paris  ;  and  was  at  vaft  Expence  in  .  .  ^ 

oppoiing  [he  Attempts  of  ihe  Pope  and  tlie  King  of  "^gs",  * 
Spain,  in  Scotland  ;  and  difcharged  all  the  Arrears 
flie  owed  her  Subjects,  beyond  Expeftation,  Info- 
much,  that  many  wondered  whence  fhe  pro- 
cured fo  much  Money,  to  anfwer  all  Emergen- 
cies ;  confidering  {he  ran  not  in  Debt,  as  moft  o- 
therPiincesdo,  and  was  in  a  Capacity  to  lupport 
herfelf  and  Kingdom  without  any  Foreign  Affift- 
srice.  A  Thing  that  could  not  be  faid  of  any  of 
ihe  neighbouring  Princes.* 

la  her  private  Expences,  our  Author  writes, 
fhe  was  provident  and  frugal,  never  fpending  any 
ihing,  but  to  keep  up  her  Royal  Charaifier,  the 
Defence  of  the  Kingdom,  and  the  Relief  of  her 
Neighbours.  The  Revenues  of  the  Cuftoms  had 
been  farmed,  for  fome  Years,  at  J4,odoI-  a  Year  ; 
but,  being  inlormed  of  the  Fraud,  (he  fir  ft  railed 
them  1043,000,  and  afterwards  to  50,000!.  and 
made  the  Perfoii,  who  had  had  fo  sood  a  Bargain, 
pay  a  confiderable  Sum  belides.     This  fhe  did,  con- 

rtrary  to  the  Advice  of  her  three  Prime  Miniflers, 
jCpitfiir,  tfalfingham,  and  Burleigh  j  wlio,  with- 
oyt  Doubt,  had  been  no  fmall  Sharers  in  it. 
Our  Biographer  declares,  'That  his  Queen  ever 
abhorred  all  Afls  of  Extortion  and  vigorous  De- 
mands of  Taxes  and  Comribuiions.' — Whether 
fhe  or  her  Miniftry  demanded  it,  is  uncertain  ; 
but,  'tis  fure  shere  never  was  fo  much  given  in 
any  Reign  before.     He  adds,  '  That  the  Laying  a  • 

Pelt'Tax,  which  had  been  propofed  in  the  Reign 
oi  Edward  V\- i^it  would  never  fuffer  to  be  io 
much  as  mentioned.  Befides,  the  People  were  al- 
ways cheerful  in  paying  their  Subfidies ;  and,  tho' 
the  Afleflments,  Chen  in  Ufe,  fesmcd  to  be  fome- 
what  moreburdenfometharrin  former  Times,  yet, 
was  it  managed  with  all  the  Candour  imaginable, 
and  no  rigorous  Exaftions  made.     Infomuch,  that 

IT^xes  were  then  a  Kind  of  free  Contributions,  and 
always  laid  beneath  theEftimation  ol  the  Govern- 
rticnt  i  nay,  the  Queen's  Method  was  torefer  it 
b«  " "■  ■ 

ifr  ParlUmcnt,  fo  10  order  that  the  Rich  might 




544    The  T  aril  anient  liry  History 

Q^„„P]j„i,j,j,_ beat  the  greaterfhareof  the  Burden,  and  the  Poor 
ij9«-3.  be  eafed  ;  which  had  been  dene  as  early  as  the 
Time  of  ^f'fAori^  the  Second.  Bin  iliis  Method 
was  found  to  be  wrong;  for  upon  a  fair  Computa- 
tion, it  appeared,  that  the  Taxes  would  amount" 
to  an  inconfiderable  Sum,  fiiould  Men  of  fmall^ 
Eftates,  by  far  the  grea[er  Number,  ard  luch  a 
were  called  Peund-A-iert,  (0)  pay  any  thing  (hort  of 
what  they  ufeJ  to  do. 

This  Digreflion,  it  is  hoped,  will  not  be  judged 
inconfiitent  with  the  Defign  of  thefe  Inqpiries  s . 
fince  we  are  here  told,  in  tome  Meailire,  no(^ 
pnly  how  Taxes,  in  ihefe  Days,  were  levied  ;  butS 
likewife  how  they  were  laid  out.— But  whether  our.] 
Biographer's  Syftems  will  agree  with  the  more  aii^ 
thentic  Exiradts  from  the  Jeurtiah,  mufl;  be  left  t^ 
the  Reader's  Judgment. 

We  have  now  a  Gap  of  Time,  of  near  fourj 
Years,  and  nothing  material  tofi!l  it  up  with.  For,T 
^nno  Rfgni  35,  jj  ^gj  j^^j  ^jj]  j[,g  Year  1592-3,  that  we  meet  - 
At  wrfhn^nftet.  "'th  a  Call  of  another  Parliament ;  when,  the  Ne- 
ceflities  of  the  State  again  requiring  a  Supply,  Writs 
of  Summons  were  fent  out  for  one  to  meet,  at 
fFeJfminJiir,  the  19th  Day  of  February,  i 
35ih  Year  of  this  Reign. 

At  which  Time  and  Place  the  Queen  came  I 
the  Hcufe  of  Lords,  and,  the  Commons  being  cat 
led  up,  Sir  Join  Puckering,  Kt,  then  Lqrd-KeetH 
er  of  the  Great  Seat,  declared  the  Caule  of  I 

ThtLo,dKfe    ^""inioi'Sj  10  this  EffeG  ;  (^)  

«  Puckcfinjr      '  Heflicwed,in  the  firft  Place,  the  Antiquity,  Na-  . 
^pcechatOFen-*  ture,  and  Ufe  of  Pailiaments.    Then  he  fet  forth 

iilg  the  Scflioa 


'  as  the  principal  Matter,   (which  her  Majefty  did 

*  defile  to  have  made  known  and  nianifell  to  all 

*  her  loving  Subjeds)  ilie  great  Malice  of  the  King 

*  of  Spain,  v'hich  he   had  towards  this  Realm, 

Yj  *  and_ 

tti  Prababty  Land'holiln's  of  Twenty  Shillines,  pir  At 

(r)  The  Heads  or  Inflruflions  for  this  Spetch, 
(It!,  vicri  drawn  lip  by  theLo.d  Trial'ii 
liildd  from  his  MSS.  tj  Mr  5/r,f(.     As 
Pag.  114- 



ENGLAND.,     343 

and  this  he  fhewed,  by  fundry  Inflances;   as  ihe^^^^ 
laft  intended  Invafion,   his  P'orccs  then  addreiled        : 

*  out  of  ihe  Lmv-Caunti-ies  for  that  Purpore,  to 

*  have  been  conduced  by  the  Duke  of  Parma,  &c. 
'  And  fhen  he  proceeded  in  thereftof  hisOration, 
'  lo  the  Purpofe  following : 

*  The  high  and  mighiy  Ships  that  then  he 

*  prepared   and    fent  for  that   PurpOfe,    becaufe 

*  he  found  them  not  fir  for  our  Seas  and  fuch  an 

*  Attempt,  he  isbuildingShipsofa  lefs  Bulk, after 

*  another  Faftiion  ;  fome  like  Fremb  Ships,  fome 

*  like  the  Shipping  oi  England  ;  and  many  hath 

*  he  gotten  out  of  the /.flw-Cwn(n>j.     Heisnow, 

*  for  the  better  Invading  of  England,   Planting 

*  him  in  Brisaity,  a  Country  of  more  Facility  to 

*  oSnd   us  than  the   Low-Countries  ;    clierc   he 

*  hath  fortified  himfelf  in  the  moft  Sirong-Holda 

*  of  that  Country. 

•  Xn  Scotland  he  hath,  of  late,  wrought  moft  of 

*  the  Nobility  to  confpire  againft  their  King  ;  to 

*  give  Landing  to  his  Forces  there  ;  and  to  aflift 

*  him  in  his  Innfion  thither.     A  greater  Part  of 

*  the  Nobility  in  Scotland  be  combined  in  this 
'  Confpiracy,  and  they  have  received  great  Sums 
'  ofMoney  fortheirService  therein.  And  to  af- 
'  furc  the  King  of  Spain  of  their  Alliftance,  they 
'  have  (igned  and  fent  their  Promifes,  fealed,  to 
'  the  King.  .      - 

'  This  Confpiracy  the  King  of  S«/i  was  hardly 
'  brought  to  believe,  but  that  her  M^jefty  adver- 
'  lifed  him  thereof,  having  entertained  Intelligence 
'  thereof,  as  flie  hath  of  all  Things  done  and  in- 

■  tended  in  thofe  Parts.  And  that  the  Kingmight 
'  better  advjfc  thereupon,  her  Majefty  hath  fent 
'  one  ol  her  Noblemen  now  into  Scotland;  and 
'  the  King  halh  afl"ur'd  her  M.yefty,  with  all  his 
'  Ability  and  Endeivour,  to  prevent  ihe  Spaniard, 

■  whofe  Purpofe  is  on  the  North  Partato  allault  uj 

■  fay  Land,  and,  on  the  South  Side,  to  invade  us 

■  by  Sea  ;  which  is  the  mott  dangerous  Pradifc  that 
'  toulJ  be  devifcd  againil  us.     And  now  the  Rage 

of  this  Enemy  being  fuch,  his  Forces  join'd  with 
»«*-^    ■  -*■  ■•■•■■  «  other 

344     TheTarliameiitary  Histo  rt 

(lg««nEliiilieih,  J  Older  Princes,  his  Adherents,  greater ;   iheChai_ 

>S9»-r     ^  of  her  Majefty,  for  Defence  of  her  Realm,  bo&j 

^  with  Forces  by  Sea,   and  Armies  bv  Land  haih 

been  fuch,  as  hath  boih  fpent  the  ContribLitiotti 

ofherSubjcifls,  by  Subfidies,  anij  what  otberwifei 

'  they  offeied  lier;  and  alfoconfumed  herTreii-  ' 

*  fure  ;   yea,  caufed  her  lo  fell  Part  of  her  High- 

*  nels's  Crown.  And,  it  is  not  to  be  inarvellGd^ 
'  how   all  this  is   confumed,    but  rather   to  bCj 

*  thought  how  her  Majefly  could  be  able  to  mairi- 

*  tain  and  defend  this  her  Realm,  againft  fo  many 

*  Realms  confpiredagainfl  us, 

'  Wherefore,  we,  her  MajcHy's  Subjeftj,  muft, 

*  wiih  all  dutiful  Coniideraiion,  ihink  what  is 
'  fit  for  us  to  do  ;    and,  with  all  Willirgnefs, 

*  yield  Pan  of  our  own,  for  the  Defence  of  o- 

*  thers,  and  Affiftance  of  her  Majefty,  in  fuch  an 
'  infupponable Charge.  Wereihe  Caufebelwecn 
'  Friend  and  Friend,  how  much  would  we  do  for. 
'  the  Relief  of  one  another  ?     But  the  Caufe  is 

*  now  between  our  Sovereign  and  ourfelves  :  See- 
'  ing  there  is  lo  much  Difference  in  the  Parties, 
'  how  much  more  forward  ought  we  to  be  ?    The 

*  Aid  that  formerly  hath  been  granteij  unto  her 
'  Majefty  in  ihefe  liliLe  Cafes,  is  wilh  fuch  Slack- 

*  nefs  perfotni'd,  as  that  the  Third  of  what  hath 

*  been  granted,  Cometh  not  to  her  Majefty.  A 
,*  great  Shew,  a  rich  Grant,  and  a  long  Sura,  fecm- 
r  eth  to  be  made,  but  it  is  hard  to  be  gotten,  and 
Ij'  the  Sum  notgieat  which  ispaid.  Her  Majeftjf 
l'  thinkelh  this  to  be,  for  that  the  wealthier  Sort 
i'  of  Men  turn  ihis  Charge  upon  the  weaker,  and  . 

*  and  upon  thofe  ofworfl  Ability;  for  that  one."" 

*  difchargfth  himfelf,  and  the  other  is  not  able 

*  faiisfy  what  he  is  charged  withal. 
•  Thele  Things  fhould  be  reformed  by  fuch  as 

'  are  Comer  iflioners  in  ihisprelentService- 

'  HerMajeity  further  hath  willed  me  to  iigni^ 
»  unto  you,  I  hut  ihc  Calling  of  this  Parliament  now, 

*  is  nut  for  die  making  of  anv  more  new  Laws 
S  and  Si.iiuies,  for  there  are  already  a  fufficient 
*,^umbc^  boih   of  Ecclefiaftical  and  Temporal ; 


Of   E  N.  G  L  A  N  D.      345 

*  and  fo  many  there  be,  rhat  rather  than  to  hur-  QutenEiiiii 
'  then  the  Subjeftswith  more,  to  their  Grievance,      »59»-3- 

it  were  fitting  an  Abridgment  were  made  of  ihofe 
there  are  already. 

'  Wherefore  it  is  her  Majefty's  Pleafure,  that 
the  Time  be  not  Ipent  therein :  But,  the  princi- 
pal Caufe  of  this  Parliament  is,  that  her  Majefty 
might  confult  with  her  Subjetas  for  the  better 
wiihftanding  of  thofe  intended  Invafions,  which 
are  now  greater  than  were  ever  heretofore  heard 
of.     And  whereas  heretofore  it  hath  been  ufed, 

*  that  many  have  delighted  themfelves  in  long  O- 

*  rations,  full  of  Verbofity  and  of  vain  Often- 
'  tations,  more  than  in  fpeaking  Things  of  Sub- 

*  ftance  ;  the  Time  that  is  precious  fhould  not  be 

*  thus  fpent.  The  Seflions  cannot  be  long,  by 
^  reafon  of  the  Spring-Time,  'tis  fit  that  Gentle- 

*  men  {hould  repair  to  their  Countries ;  the  Ju- 

*  ftices  of  AiTizealfo  logo  to  their  Circuits.     So 

*  the  good  Hours  fhould  not  beloft  in  idie  Speeches, 
.'*  but  the  little  Time  we  have  Ihould  be  beftowed 
J*  wholly  on  luch  B;ifmefles  as  are  needful  to  be 
p-confidcred  of.'  And  then  defir'd  them  to  elefl  a 

Feb.  s2.  The  Queen  being  come  again  to  the 
Upper  Houfe,  the  Commons  prefenCed  the  famous  ^'**'^'''"''^''<ii" 
Edward   Coke,   Efq;   Sollicitot-General,   as  iheir'^''"''"' ^"f"'"''- 

.Speaker;  who,  being  placed  at  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe, 

■  delivered  himfelf  as  follows; 

OUR  Majefty's  moft  loving  Subje£ls,  the„|^s  Mrhtoihe 
_       Knights,  Citizens,  and  Buigefles,  of  the  qi;»n 'th=i=- ' 
Houfe  of  Commons,  have  nominated  me,   your"?**- 


'•  Grace's  poor  Servant  and    Subjedl,  to  be  their 
^   "  Speaker.     Tho'  their  Nomination  hath  hitherto 

•  proceeded,  that  they  prefent  me  to  fpeak  before 

•  your  Majcrtyi     Yet  this  their  Nomination  is, 

•  only  as  yet,  a  Ni>mination  and  no  Ejeflion,  un- 
'  til  your  Majelly  givc'ih  Allowance  and    Appro- 

r*  bation.     For,  as  in  the  Heavens,  a  Star  is  but  ops- 

Bt'  eum  Carpus,  uniil  it  have  received  Light  from  the 

pi*  Sufl  i   fo  ftand  1  Cerpui  epacum,  a  mute  Body, 

'  until 



34(5     7he  Parliamentary  HisToRr 

«BWinb(!ih. '  "ntil   your  Highnefs's   bright-fhining   Wifdom 

1591-J.      *  hath  looked  upon  me,  and  allowed  me.     How 

'  great  a  Cha^  this  is,  to  be  the  Mouth  of  fuch  a 

*  Body  as  your  whole  Commons  reprefent,  to  ut- 
'  ter  what  is  fpoken,   Grandia  Rig/si,   my  fmall 

*  Experience,  being  a  poor  Profeilbr  of  the  Law, 

*  can  tell.     But,  how  unable  I  am  to  do  this  Of- 

*  iice,  my  prefent  Speech  doth  lell,  that,  of  3. 

*  Number  in  this  Houfe,  1  am  moft  unfit.  For, 
'  amongft  them  are  many  grave,  many  learned, 

*  many  deep  wile  Men,  and  thofe  of  ripe  Judg- 
'  ments;  But  I  am  untimely  Fruit,  not  yet  ripe, 

*  but  a  Bud  fcarcely  bloflbmed.  So,  as  I  fear  me, 
'  your  Majefty  will  fay,  NeglcSla  frugi  eliguntur 
'  folia :  Amongft  fo  many  fair  Fruit  ye  have 
'  plucked  a  ihaking  Leaf. 

'  If  I  may  be  fo  bold  as  to  remember  a  Speech, 
'  f  which  I  cannot  forget)  ufed  the  laft  Parliament, 
'  in  your  Majefty's  own    Mouth,    Many   come 

*  hither  ad  coajulendum  gai  nefciunt  quid  fit  cunfu- 
'  t/ndum  i  a  juft  Reprehenfion  to  many  as  to 
'  myfelfalfo,  an  untimely  Fruit,   my  Years  and 

*  Judgment  ill  befitting  the  Gravity  of  this  Place. 
'  But,  howfoever,  I  know  myfelf  the  meaneft,  and 
'  inferior  unto  all  that  ever  were  before  me  in  this 

*  Place;  yet,  in  Faithfulnefs  of  Service, and  Duti- 
'  fylncfs  of  Love,  I  think  not  myfelf  inferior  to 
'  any  that  ever  were  before  me.  And,araidil  my 
'  many  Impcrfeilions,  yet  this  is  my  Comfort ; 
'  I  never  knew  any  in  this  Place,  but  if  your  Ma- 

*  jefty  gave  them  Favour,   God,  who  called  them 

*  to  the  Place,  gave  them  alfo  the  Bleiling  to  dif- 

*  charge  it,' 

The  Lord  Keeper  having  received  Inflrufliona 
from  the  C^een,  anfwcred  him  : 
Mr  SoUkiter, 

*  Tjr  E  R  Grace's  Moft  Excellent  Majefty  hath 
Anit!)"''"'  Jri     willed   me  to  fignify   unto  you,    that 

'  ihe  hath  ever  well  conceived  of  you  iince  fho 
'  firft  heard  of  you,  which  will  appear,  when  her 

*  fiighnefs  elected  youfiom  others  to  ferveherfelf. 

<  But 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       547 

*  But,  by  this  your  modeft,  wife,  and  well-com-  qu(„  EllHbeth 
'  pored  Speech,  you  give  her  Majefty   fui  iher  Oc-       'sgx-j. 

cafion  loconceivcof  you,  above  that  which  ever 
{bethought  was  in  you  ;  by  endeavouring  to  de- 
ject and  abafc  yourfelf  and  your  Defert,  you  have 
difcovered  and  made  known  your  Wonhinefs 
and  Sufficiency  to  difcharge  the  Place  you  are 
catted  CO.  And,  whereas  you  account  yourfelf 
Corpus  apacuiiii   her   Majefty,  by  the  Influence 

*  of  her  Virtueand  Wifdom,  dothenlighten  you  ; 
and  not  only  alloweth  and  approveth  you,  but 
much  thanketh  ihe  lower  Houfe,  and  commen- 
deth  their  Difcretion  in  making  fo  good  a  Choice, 

f  and  etefting  fo  fit  a  Man.     Wherefore  now, 

*  Mr  Speaker,  proceed   in  your  Office,   and  go 

*  forward,  to  your  Commendation,  as  you  have 

*  begun.' 

The  Lord  Keeper's  Speech  being  ended,  the 
Speaker  began  a  new  Speech. 

*  ^"^Onlidering  the  great  and  wonderful  Blef- 

*  V^     fi°gs,  belides  the  long  Peace  wc  have  en- ^''^.^P"''"'' 

*  joy'd  under  your  Grace's   moft  happy  and  vie-    "''  *' 

*  torious  Reign,  and  remembring  with  what  Wif- 

*  dom  and  Jufticeyour  Grace  hath  reigned  over 
'  us,  we  have  Caufe  daily  to  praife  God  that  e- 

*  ver  you  were  given  us  j  and  the  Hazard   that 

*  your  Majefty  hath  adventured,  and  the  Charge 

*  that  you  have  born  for  us  and  our  Safety,  ought 

*  to  make  us  ready  to  lay  down  ourfelves  and  all 

*  our  Living,  at  your  Feet,  to  do  you  Service. 
*  After  this  he  rel-iledthe  great  Attempts  of  ber 

*  Majefty'sEnemies  againftus,  cfpecially  ihePepe, 

*  and  the  King  of  Spain,   who  adhered  unto  him. 

*  How  wonderfully  we  were  ddiver'd  in  Eighly- 

*  Eight,  and  what  a  Favour  God  therein  mamfeft- 

*  unto  her  Majefty. 

'  His  Speech,  after  this,  [ended  wholly  to  (hew, 

*  out  of  the  Hiftory  of  England  and  the  old  State, 

*  how  the  Kings  of  England^  evei  fines  Hetiry  the 
'  Thiid'a  Tune,  have  maintained  themfelves  to  be 
<  (he  Supreme  Head  over  all  Caufes  within  their 


J48     The  Tarl'mmentary  History 

H        Q^tcnEBiabcth.  *  own  Dominions.     And  then  reciting  the  Laws 
■  *S8»-3-      *  that  every  one  made  in  his  Time,  for  maintaining 

K  .  *  their  own  Supremacy,  and  excluding  the  Pu^^,  he 

H  '  drew  down  this  Proof  by  a  Statute  of  every  King 

H  '  (ince  Henry  the  Third  to  Edward  the  Sixth. 

B  *  This  cndfd,  he  came  to  fpcak  of  Laws,  that 

^  '  they  were  fo  great,  and  fo  many  already,  that  they 

'  were  fit  to  be  lermed  E/ephanlina Liges.  Ther&« 
'  fore  to  make  more  Laws  it  might  feem  fupcrfiuij 

*  oiis.  Anil  to  him  that  might  ask,  ^uid  caujaim 
'  trefiant  tot  magna  vohimina  Ligh  ?  It  may  be  an- 

*  {weredy  h  prompiu  tau/a  ij},  crefiit  in  orbe  ma- 

*  lum. 

'  TiK'Malicc  of  our  Arch-Eneny,  the  Devil, 

*  though  it  were  always  great,  yet  never  greater 
'  than  now ;  and  that  Dolus  et  Malum  being  crept 
'  in  fo  far  amongft  Men,  it  was  requifite  that  (harp 
'  Ordinances  fhould  be  provided  to  prevent  them, 

*  and  all  Care  be  ufed  for  he^  Mnjefty's  Prefer- 
'  vation. 

<  Now  am  I  to  make  unto  your  Majefty  three 
'  Petitions,  in  the  Name  of  the  Commons ;  firft, 
'  That  Liberty  of  Speech,  and  Freedom  from  Ar- 
'  refts,  according  to  the  antieni  Cuflom  of  Par- 
'  liamenr,  be  granted  to  your  Subjeds  ;  Secondly, 
'  That  we  may  have  Accefs  unto  vour  Royal  P( 
'  fon,  to  prefent  thofe  Things  that  ihali  be  confide.  ^ 
'  eJ  amongft  us  ;  Laflly,  1  hat  your  Majefty  will 
»  give  your  Royal  AiTtnC  to  ihe  Things  that 
'  are  agreed  upon.  And,  for  myfelf,  I  humbly 
'  befeech  your  Majefty,  if  any  Speech  fhall  fall 
'  from  me,  or  Behaviour  found  in  me.  not  decent 
'  and  fit,  it  may  not  be  Imputed  Blame  upon  the 
^  '  Houlc,  but  laid  upon  me,  and  pardoned  in  me.' 

Tlic  L.  K«pn*5     '   To  this  Speech,  the  Lord-Keeper,  having  re- 

ftnilitr  Anfwtr. ceived  new  Inftruflions  from  the  Queen,  made  his 

Reply.     '  In  which  he  firft  commended  the  Speaker 

*  greaily  for  it ;  and  then  he  added  fome  Examples 

*  of  Hiftory  for  the  King's  Supremacy  in  Hen,  2. 
'  and  otlier  Kings  before  the  Conqueft.  As  to  the 
*■  {l^liv^fa^ice  we  received  front  our  Enemies,  ai4  - 

I  our  enemies,  aan  .^y 

I  0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.    34P 

Wf  Ae  Peace  we  enjoyed,  the  Qycen  would  have  the  Quran Eiiubetli, 
mf  Praife  of  all  thoie  attributed  lo  God  only.  "^'i-a- 

m  *  And,  touching  the  Commendatioiis  given  to 
'  herfc!f,ftiefaid,  '  Well  might  we  have  a  wifcr 
"  Prince,  but  never  fhould  they  have  one  that 
*'  more  regarded  them,  and  in  Jufticc  would  carry 
"  an  evener  Stroke,  without  Exception  otPerfons; 
"  Tuch  a  Prince  the  wifh'd  ihey  might  always 
*'  have.* 

*  To  your  three  Demands  the  Queen  anfwer- 
'  eth  ;  Liberty  of  Speech  is  granted  yoii ;  but 
'  how  far  this  is  to  be  thought  on,   there  be  two 

*  Things  of  molt  Neceility,  and  thofe  two  do 
'  moftHarm,   which  are  Wit  and  Speech:   The 

*  one  exercifed  in  Invention,  and  the  other  in  ut- 
'  tering  Things  invented.     Privilege  of  Speech  is 

*  granted,  but  you  muftknow  what  Privilege  you 
'  have  ;  not  to  fpeak  every  one  what  he  lifteth, 
'  or  wiiat  cometh  in  his  Brain  to  utier  ihat ;  but 

*  your    Privilege   is,    jiye  or    No.     Wherefore, 

*  Mr  Speaker,  her  Majelly's  Pleafure  is.  That  if 

*  you  perceive  any  idle  Heads,  which  will  not  fticlc 
'  to  hazard  their  own  Eltates  i  which  will  meddle 
'  with  reforming  ihe  Church,  and  transforming 

I*  the  Commonwealth;  and  do  exhibit  any  Bills  to 
•  fuch  Purpofe,  that  you  receive  them  not,  until 
•  they  be  viewed  and  conlidered  by  thofe,  who  it  is 
'  fitter  fliould  confider  of  fuch  Things,  and  can 
'  better  judge  of  them. 
'  To  yourPerfons  all  Privileges  is  granted,  with 
•  thia  Caveat,  that  under  Colour  of  this  Privilege, 

*  no  Man's  Ill-Doings,  or  not  performing  of  Duties, 

*  be  covered  and  proieifted. 

*■  Thelaft;  Free  Accefs  is  granted  to  her  Ma- 

*  jetty's   Perfon,  lb  that  ii   be  upon  urgent  and 

*  weighty  Caufes,  and  at  Times  convenient  i   and 

*  whenherMajefty  may  be  at  Leifure  from  other 
'  important  Caufes  of  the  Realm." 

*  The  firft  Bill  we  find  brought  into  the  Hoofe 
€)f  Lords,  of  any  Note,  was  for  the  Reltraining  of^| 
Pepi^  i^CH^sri  to  fome  certain  Places  of  Abode.*' 

againit  Pa< 

350     The  Tarliawetitary  Histort 

|[z>bcdi  "^^^  ^'"  ^'^  ^''^  introduced,  under  a  difiercoL 
j,.y     '  Title,  v:~.  ^f  Atlfor  the  rejlraimng  anipuni^^ 
ing  ef  vugraiil  and  feditiaus  Per/oui ;   who,  undti^ 
the  ftigncd  Pretence  of  Confiieme  and  Religien,  fdr-'J 
rupt  andfeduce  the  ^ein'i  Subje£is.     Under   thq 
firft  Title  it  pafledinto  aLaw  and  was,  no  Doubt, 
calculated  lo  keep  up  Fears  againll  Popery ;   fbn] 
no  Parliament  in  this  Reign  palled  without  an  Aft 
to  that  Purpofe.     By  this  hil  they  were  confinsd— 
within  five  Miles  of  their refpedive  Dwellings,  otI 
Forfeiture  of  all  their  Goods,  Chatels,  and  Lands,  J 
during  Life.  J 

But  another  Religious  Seft,  called  Puritans,^ 
they  had  much  Occafion  at  this  Time  to  guard  a- 
gainft,  whofe  Principles  were  utterly  againll  both 
'^^'^  the  Eftabliftied  Church  and  Monarchy.  The  Le- 
giflature  look  particular  Notice  of  thefe,  alfo,  in 
reviving  a  former  Ailfir  keeping  the  ^een's  A&-^ 
jifty's  Suifeifs  in  their  due  Obedience. 

In  the  Preamble  to  this  A£l,  which  flands  l 
firft  ia  owe  Statute -Bank!    for  this  Year,  it  isde-jl 
dared  to  be  made/o''  the  preventing  c    ' 
ef/acb  great  Inisnveniences  and  Pei  ih,  as  might  hap 
pen   and  grow  by  the  wicked  and  dangertus  Pra^^ 
tei  offedilious  Seiiariei,  and  dijloyal  Perjsns.     The 
Aft  itfelf  ran,  *  That  if  any  Peifon,   above  tbt 

*  Ageoffixteen  Years,  ihall  refufe  to  repair   to 

*  fome  Church,  or  forbear  to  do  the  fame  for  tb^H 

'  Space  of  a  Month fliali  be  committed  toPri-*] 

*  fon  there  to  remain,  without  Bailor  Main-Pria 
'  'till  they  fhall  conform and  make  fuch  o.  ... 

*  Submiffionand  Declaration  of  [heir  ConfoFmit/il 
'  as  ihe  Adl  appoints.'  The  Offenders  agaii^ 
this  Statute,  who  refufed  to  make  this  Submiffion, 
were  to  abjure  the  Realm,  and  not  to  return  with- 
out her  Majefty's  Licence,  under  the  Penalty  of 
fuffering  as  Felons  wihout  Benefit  of  the  Clergy. 

There  was  gieat  Re.ifon  for  paffing  this  Law 
againft  the  Puritam  at  this  Time  j  they  were  grown 
fo  bold  and  licentious  as  to  libel  and  defame  both 
Church  and  State  in  a  very  open  Manner.  Ona 
liiihi,  and  lome  other  Enthufiafts,  fared  great 

Of    ENGLAND.       351 

■  Difturbaiices ;  for  which,  this  Man,  with  Barrffw,  QjinnEliiabetl^ 

Greeimoad^  and  Studley,  we're  tried,  convidted  of 

Higli  Treafon,  and  executed  this  very  Year.     As 

was  one  Penry,  for  writing  a  Book  called,  Martin 

Mar-Prelatet XhsYent  after;  asjo/ji  Stowe,  the 

feithful  Chronicler  of  thefe  Times,  relates. 

The  Annotator  on  Rnpin  tells  us,  that  this 

A61  met  with  great  Oppofiiion  in   the  Houfe  of 

Commons,  and  refers  us  toZ)'£it'«'s  'Journah  for 

the  Speeches  on  both  Sides  the  Queftion.     But  we 

cannot  find  any  fuch  great  Oppolition  in  that  Jour- 

nati/I's  Account  of  it.     On   Fubrmry  28th,    the 

Bill  for  reducing  of  difloyal   Subjeds  to  their  due 

Obedience,  was  read  a  lecond  Time.    It  was  level- 
led, at  firfi,  only  againft  the  Papifls :     But,  after  Debate  thereon. 
-feme  Arguments,  amongft  which,  one  Member 

asked.  Whether  thofe  that  came  not  to  Church,  by 

reafon  of  the  Mifliite  they  had  to  Church -Go vern- 

ment,  were  to  be  in  the  lame  Calc  witii  a  Popifii 

Recufant?    The  Matter  was  committed  to  a  very 

confiderable   Number  of  the  Houfe,  for  further 

CoDlideration-     On  the  nth  of  Marcb,  the  laid 

Committee  brought  in  the  Bill  as  belbre  ;  and  alfo 

a  new  one  framed,  on  a  more  moderate  Syltem, 

which  was  read   a  hrft  Time,  and  the  old  one 

drop'd.     The  Particulars  of  both   Bills  are  given 

in  feveral  Articles,  by  the  JoumaUJl.     The  next 

Day,  this  Bil!  was  read  again,  and  [hen  occaiior-ed 

a    farther  Debate  j     Mr.   Saisdyi   laid,    that    he 

thought  the  Bill  ought  to  pals,  as  it  was  firft  meant, 

againft  All  Recufants,  and  not  reftrained  to  Popi/h 

Eecufantsonly.     And,  thac,    under  this  Bill,  all 

Brsivnijis,  Barrowi/lr,  iifc.  ought  to  be  included. 

Another  Member  was  for  the  Reftriition  to  Pap'ifii 

alone  J  and  the  Speaker  faid.  That  as  the  Title  of 

the  Bill,  and  the  Preamble,  ran  only  againft  fuch  as 

are  Enemies  to  the  State,  and  Adherents  to  the 

Pope,  other  Recufants  than   Popifh  could  not  be 

comprifed  in  it ;  fince  another  Bill  might  be  framed 

againft  thofe  Perfons,  and  thefe  not  included  in  i[. 

Mr  Dalian  argued,  that  the  Seftaries  ought  10  be 

Cin  lhi9  Bill,  as  well  as  Papiils  ;    that  the  H 


iclu-  ^ 

3ji     The  Tarliamentary  History 

wnEliKilufh.  Preamble  might  be  altered,  and  be  to  repreftall  dif- 
"S91-J.  loyal  Subjefts,  and  force  them  to  a  more  due  Obe- 
dience: Or,  ir  might  be  wholly  left  out,  and  go 
diredtly  lo  the  Aft  iifelf ;  for,  he  cited  feveral  Bills 
overthrown  by  too  many  fuperfluous  Words  in 
the  Preamble.  Dr  Lswin  made  a  long  Speech  a- 
gaitill  the  Brownijls  and  Banoivijh  ;  and  conclu- 
ded, that  they  ought  to  be  provided  againft  as 
as  Papijls :  But,  whether  in  tjits  or  another  Bill.. 
left  it  to  the  Wifdom  of  the  Houfe.  After 
which,  the  faid  Bill  was  re-committed  to  the  former 
Committee  appointed  on  the  fecond  Reading  of  it ; 
and  a  new  Bill  framed  againft  difloyal  Sufajefls,  Wc. 
both  which  palled  the  Houfe,  without  any  more  re- 
markable Oppofitfon. 

But,  we  cannot  avoid  taking  Notice  here,  what 
Sentimenrs  Mr  .Rfl/>i«hath  left  us  concerning  the 
Severity  of  this  Law,  It  hath  been  more  than  once 
taken  Notice  of,  in  the  Courfe  of  ihefe  Enquiries, 
how  ftrangeiy  negligent,  that  celebrated  Writer  of 
EfigUJh  Hiftory  hath  been,  in  giving  i he  Proceedings 
of  £«^/;;/5  Parlt^iments.  And,  in  the  Courfe  of 
this  very  ReigB,  we  fliould  fcwce  know,  by  bis 
Performsnce,  there  was  any  called,  wereitnot  that 
his  Tranflator,  Mr  Tindal-,  hath  drawn  a  ftiorr 
Account  of  ihem  into  his  Notes-  Bm  now,  the 
laft-mentioned  Afl  of  Parliament,  againft  Puritant, 
fires  his  Retentmcnt.  The  Hardfhips  the  Dillen- 
Iersof£'Jjii'?'/fuBered,  by  this  A£t,  are  painted  in 
very  ftrong  Colours ;  and  the  Profecution  ofthem 
laid  on  the  Englijh  Epifcopal  Clerjjy.  Nay,  this 
Prateflant  Queen,  herlelf,  for  this  and  other  Seve* 
rities  againft  the  Puritans,  is  treated,  fay  this  Hif- 
torian,  in  a  very  coarfe  Manner,  throughout  the 
whole  Series  of  her  Reign.  We  are  perfuaded  We 
cannot  do  this  Author  more  Juftice  than  to  Itan- 
fcribe  his  whole  Paragraph  ;  and  leave  any  further 
Judgment  of  it  to  the  Impartiality  of  our  Readers. 
'  The  Parliament  meeting  in  Feiruary,  1593, 
pafled  an  Aft,  which  troubled  not  only  the  Catho- 
iicks,  but  even  Profeftants  who  diflered  in  certaiB 
Points  from  the  Church  of  ^''f^W,  and  were  ca^ 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D,       3S3 

ei  Puritans.     By  ih'a  Ad,    thofe  who  negledtedO!;'*"^"''''^'' 
to  be  preCeiit  at  Divine  Service,  eftabliOied  by  Law,       'S9*-j- 
w^re  liable  to  certain  Penalties ;    and  fo,  not  only 

(Was  it  no  longer  permitted  to  be  a  Romao-Caiho- 
■lick  with  Impunity,  but  even  a  Proleftan:  with- 
out conforming  to  the  Church  of  England.  ThusMi.  Ripia'sRe- 
in  fome  Meal'iire  were  renewed  the  Diys  of  Hen-  ni<ft<sonth=Biil 
ry  VIII.  when  it  was  unlawful  lo  fwerve  ever  fo  ^^''"*  ^'^''^^' 
little  from  the  Religion  of  the  Sovereign  ;  with 
this  Difference,  that  under  El'zabeth  the  Penalty 
was  not  Death,  as  in  the  Reign  of  her  Father. 
Nevcrihelefs  there  was  in  this  laft  Aci  fome- 
thing  more  hard  than  in  thole  of  Henry  VIII. 
That  Prince,  abfolute  as  he  was,  contented  hitn- 
felf  with  punifh'mg  fuch  as,  by  fome  Overt-A£t, 
oppofed  the  eftablifhed  Religion  ;  bui  by  ibis  new 
Sututc,  the  Subjefts  were  obtigeil  openly  to  pro- 
fefe  the  Religion  of  the  Church  of  England.  El'i- 
zabeiht  exalperaced  againti  the  CatMicks,  who 
had  made  frequent  Attempts  upon  her  Crown  and 
even  her  Li!e,  ivLuld  have  been  very  glad  to  have 
cleared  the  Kingdom  of  them.  On  the  other 
Hand,  (he  could  not  endure  the  Puritans,  looking 
upon  them  as  obflinate  People,  who  fiir  very  frivo-  , 
lous  Caufesbreda  Schifm  in  thePro'eftant  Church. 
Whilft  (he  was  in  Danger  from  the  Queen  of  Scats, 
France,  and  Spain  -,  in  a  Word,  whilil  her  Af- 
fairs remained  in  a  Sort  of  Uncertainty,  ihe  left  the 
Puritans  unmolefted,  for  fear  of  uniting  them  in 
the  fame  Intereft  with  the  Catholicks.  But  no 
fooner  was  (he  firmly  eftablifbed,  but  (he  hearken- 
ed to  the  Suggeftions  of  the  Clei^y,  who  reptefen- 
led  llie  Puritans  as  fediiious  Perfiins,  who  rebelled 
againft  the  Laws,  and  by  their  Difobedience  (hook 
the  Foundations  of  the  Government.  This  is  not 
the  only  Time,  nor  is  England  the  only  Slate, 
where  Difobedie nee  in  l^oicit  of  Religion  has  been 
confounded  with  Rebellion  againft  the  Soveieign. 
There  isfcarce  a  Chriftian  Siaie,  where  the  Pre- 
vailing Sed  will  fufFer  the  luaft  Divilion,  or  the 
lea(l  Swerving  from  the  eftabliihed  Opinions ;  no, 
K)t  even  in  private;  Shall^  venture  to  fay  it  ? 
■^  Vol.  IV.  Z  'Tis 


354    The Tarliametitary  a istoKX  ^ 

-,^^  j,;^jj^,j,/Tis  l\ie  Clergy  chiefly  wbo  fupport  this  ftrange 
ij9»-J-  '  Principle  of  Non-Tokralion,  fo  little  agreeable  to 
Chrillian  Charity.  TheSeveritv  which  from  this 
Time  began  to  be  exercifed  in  England  upon  the 
Non-Conformifts,  produced  terrible  Effeifts  in  the 
following  Reigns,  and  occaiioned  Troubles  and 
Fadlions,  which  remain  lo  this  Day,  and  of  which 
perhaps  there  will  be  no  End  ihefe  m.iny  Years.' 

But,  to  proceed,  on  much  beticr  Authority, 

TliB  HoufE  of  The  Lords  JflurBfl/j  tell  us,  that  J^d«/j  nth,  this 
Loidi  m^ke  i  Seffion,  on  a  Motion  of  the  Bifliop  of  fForujUr; 
(hJ^Rflief"  oT  'li^  Lords  condefcended  to  a  Contribution,  for  the 
imimMSoliJicn.  Relief  of  fuch  poor  Soldiers,  as  went  begging  about 
*=•  the  Streets  of  Lenfffln,  after  thb  Rate.     That  eve- 

ry Earl  Ihould  give  40s.  every  Bifhop  30  s.  every 
Baron  20s.  and  appointed  the  faid  Bilhop  oilVor- 
ajler  and  the  Lord  Norrh^  Colleftors ;  and  the 
Earl  of  EjfexzxiA  the  Lord  JViUmghby^  Diftttbutors 
thereof.  Thefe  laft  Lords  had  been  Generals  a- 
broad,  and  therefore  propereft  to  disburfe  this  Cha- 
rily. But  the  Matter  Jid  not  reft  here  ;  for,  on 
the  9th  day  a'i  April,  another  Entry  is  made.  That, 
•  Whereas  the  Lords  ot  Parliament,  bolh  Spi- 
'  ritual  and  Temporal,  afTembled,  in  the  Pailia- 
'  ment-Chamber,  at  IVtHminJlir ,  have  all.  with 
'  uniform  Confeni,  in  their  own  Names,  and  the 
Their  OtJit  '  ^^^  ^^  ""''^  I^rdsabfent,  ordered,  That  there 
iheieupon,  *  flioiild  be  a  charitable  Relief  and  Contribution 
'  made  towards  tjie  Aid  and  Help  of  a  Number  of 

*  Soldiers,  ihat  are  feen,  in  the  Time  of  this  Par- 
'  liament,  maimed  and  fore  hurt,  in  the  Wars  of 

*  Frame,  the  Lmu-CminU  its,  and  over  the  Seas  for 
'  ihe  Service  of  the  Qiieen's  Majefty   and    this 

*  Realm.    And  for  that  Purpofe  have  allotted,  that 

*  every  Archbiflicp,  Marquis,  Earl,  and  Vifcouni, 
'  Ihould  pay  towards  this  Contribution  the  Sum  of 

*  forty  Shillings,  every  Biftiop  tlijrty»and  every  Ba- 

*  ron  twenty  Shillings;  for  coUcfling  whereof  ihera 
'  h;ith  been  appointed  the  Queen's  Majefty'sAIm- 

*  er,  the   Bifhop   of  Wmejlsr,   for   the  Billiops, 

*  and  the  Lord  horrh  for  the  Lords  Temporal, 
which  hath  been  diiinenilydone  and  received  of 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     jjj 

'  all  thofe  Lords  who  have  attendtd  their  greatOs" 
'  Charge  in  Parliament.  And,  confidering  the 
'  Number  of  theSoldiers.being  many  to  be  reliev- 
t  *  ed,  iiotwith (landing  the  Knights,  Citizens  and 
Eurgefles  of  the  Lower  Houfe,  have  yielded  very 
'  good  and  large  Contribution,  according  to  their 
'  Degrees ;  yet,  for  the  better  Relief  o!  the  faid 
'  maimed  Soldiers,  it  is  by  the  Lords  Spiritual  and 
'  Temporal,  that  have  given  their  chargeable  Ac- 
'  tendance,  and  aifo  charitably  and  honourably 
'  yielded  to  this  Contribution,  thought  meet,  and 

*  fo  it  isordered  and  decreed  by  them,  with  com- 
'  mon  and  fuU  Afient;  That  all  the  Lords  of  Par- 

*  liament,  who  have  been  altogether  abfent  in  this 

*  Selllon,  and  that  fliallnot  have  contributed  to  this 

*  Charity  before  the  End  of  this  Seffion,  Ihall  be 
'  required,  by  Letters  fent  to  ihem,  by  the  Lords 

*  their  Proxies  in  their  Abfence,  or  from  the  Lord- 
'  Keeper  of  the  great  Seal,  requiring  and  charging 

*  them,  TO  make  Payment,  according  to  their  Dc- 
'  grees  and  Viicaiion,  the  Double  of  the  Sums  of 

*  Money  paid  by  the  Lords  that  have  been  herepte- 
'  fent,  and  continued  their  Attendance  ;  that  is  to 
'  fay. Every  ahfeniEarl,  with  ihe  Archbifhop  of 
'  J3ri,  four  Pounds;  every  abfent  Bifbop  three 
'  Pounds;  and  every  Baron  forty  Shillings.  Like- 
'  wife,  fuch  Lords  as  have  attended  fometimes, 
'  tho'  feldom,  (hall,  accordineto  their  Degrees,  pay 
'  athlrd  Part  more  than  the  Lords  that  are  conftant 
'  here.  All  fuch  Sums  of  Money  (hall  be  deUver- 
'  ed  to  the  Lord  Keeper,  and  alterwards  diitribu- 
'  ted ,  by  fuch  Lords  as  are  chofen  for  that  Purpofe, 
'  to  'the  maimed  Soldiers  that  Hand  the  mo(t 
'  in  need  theitof.  And,  as  the  Commons,  in  this 
'  prefent  Parli.imeni, have  rated  theirablent  Mem- 
'  hers  double,  lo  we  think  (his  Order  very  juft  j 
'  conlidering  the  abfent  Lords  and  others  who  have 

'  been  at  no  Charge  to  come  up  and  give  ihetc 
'  Attendance,  nuy,  very  reafonably,  and  with 
'  great  Saving  of  their  Charge,  contribute  to  this 
'  Order.  And,  if  any  Lord,  Spiritual  or  Tem- 
'  poral,  fliall  refufe  or  forbear  to  do  this,  fwhich  it 
Z  2  'a 

35^    ^^  ^^^li^i^^^tary  History 

QuecnEUMbeth.*  ^^^^^^  imminent,  to  treat  with  her  Majefly,  and  ; 
JS9»-3.     *'  with  the  Prelates  and  Great  Men  of  the  RealiUf  ^ 

*  and  to  give  our  Counfels,  to  as  it  is  convenient  fci 

*  u$  all ;  firft  toconfider  the  Perils,  and  tbeo  togw 

*  CounfeL 
•  Therefore  in  difcharging  of  my  Duty,  with 

*  your  Patience  in  fuffering  an  old   Man,  bcfile 

*  hb  Years,  decayed  in  his  Spirits  with  Sickoeft,  j 
^  to  declare  fome  Part  of  his  Knowledge  of  Ac  , 

*  Dangers  and  Perils  imminent ;  But  for  Advice  : 

*  and  Counfel  how  to  withftand  the  fame,.IflttO 

*  be  conftrained,  for  Lack  of  fufficient  Underftift- 

*  ding  in  fo  great  Caufe,  to  require  forae  further 

*  Conference  with  your  Lordfhip^  or  with  fo  maiif 

<  as  fball  appear  more  able  than  I  am,  to  give  fooe 

*  good  Entry  thereto. 
^  As  to  the  Dangers,  that  they  be  great  and  im- 

^  minent,  that  they  have  both  lately  grown,  aiiJ 
^  likely  to  increafe,  thefe  be  manifeft  ArgumentSi 

*  Firft,  the  King  of  Spairiy  fince  he  hath  ufuiped 

*  upon  the  Kingdom  of  Portugaly  he  hath  therdif 

*  grown  mighty  by  gaining  the  Eqft  Indies.  Son 
^  how  great  foever  he  was  before,  he  is  now  thcr^ 

*  by  more  manifeftly  great.  But  for  Increafc 
^  hereof,  to  be  greater  j  yea,  greater  than  any  Chfr 

*  ftian  Prince  hath  been ;    he  hath  lately  joinri 

*  with  his  intended  Purpofe,  newly  to  invade  d» 

*  Realm,  with  more  Might  than  before  he  did  th 
^  Invafion  of  France^  by  fundry  Ways.    Not  as  in 

*  former  Times,  when  the  Emperor  Charles^ 

*  the  French  Kings,  the  great  Pramis  and  the  waf* 

*  like  Henry ^  made  former  Wars  for  Towns,  thdr 

*  greateft  Wars.  Yea,  when  the  prefent  King  of 
f  Spain  had  his  great  Army  againft  Heniy of  firoKit 
^  For  in  thofe  Wars  pone  of  them  intended  tDdi 

*  any  thing  more,  but  to  be  revenged  of  fuppoM 
^  Injuries,  by  ourning  or  winning  of  fome  froDCitf 
^  Towns  by  Befieging.  And  after  fuch  ReveogA 
^  mutually  had  to  the  Satisfaction  of  their  Appe* 
^  tites ;  wherein  neither  Party  had  any  fpecial  Ad» 
^  vantage,  they  fell  to  Truces,  and  in  the  End  will 

<  KnQts  fom^tim^s  of  Intermarriages.    And  I5 

Of   ENGLAND.      ss7 

'  jelly's  Perfon,  againft  the  Religion  and  Quictnefs  QaMnElkibwh, 

*  of  the  Realm.  'S9i'3' 

*  And  therefore,  leaving  the  Repetition  of  that 

*  Caufe,  by  which  her  Majefty  was  detained  in  a 

*  Kind  of  War,  to  withftnnd  both  the  Kings  of 

*  France  and  Spain^  who  inlermeddlefl  in  the  Cafe 
'  ofthe  Queen  of  Smi  againft  her  Majefty;  yet 
'■  there  hath  followed  continually  fuchadeadly  Ma- 
'  lice  from  the  King  of  Spain,  the  Eifhop  of  RotiHt 
'  and  [heir  Confederates,  asunto  this  Day,  wherein 
'  no  Intermiflion  hath  been  of  Airempts  againft 
'  her  Majefty  and  the  Realm  ;  altho'  al  fomeTime 
'  more  vehement  than  at  fome  others  3  as  appeared 
'  in  the  Year  88,  by  his  open  Armies  both  by 
'  Sea  and  Land  ;  being  of  greater  Force  than  ever 

*  was  known  to  be  made  by  his  Father  the  Emperor 
'  CharUs,  or  by  himtlf,  or  by  any  Chriftian  Prince 
'  within  the  Memory  of  Man. 

*  But  mindingtooverpafsall  the  Attempts  afore 
'  that  huge  Enierprlze,  ihacwas  fruftrate  by  God's 
'  fpecial  Goodnefs  beyond  the  Expeftation  of  the 
'  World  :  And  confidering  there  hath  been  no  Af- 
'  fembly  of  Parliament  lince  that  Time,  wherein  her 
'  Majefty  might  publickly  declare  to  the  States  of 
'  her  Realm  the  Continuance  of  the  former  At- 

'  tempts,  but  the  Increafe  of  more  Dangers  than  ' 

'  were  feen  in  any  Time  before;    Therefore,  as 

was  delivered  by  the  Lord-Keeper  of  the  Great 
'  Seal,  her  Majefty  hatb  fummarily  imparted  the 
'  fame  to  this  Aflembly,  referring  the  Confidcra- 
'  tion  thereof  to  the  whole  three  Eflates,  whereof 
'  two  are   in   this  Place  ;  how  the  fame  Danger 

may  be  wiiliftood,  and  by  what  Provifion  her 
■  Majefty  and  Realm  may  be  preferved  in  domeftic 
'  Peace,  as  yet  it  is,  as  in  a  Center  of  HappineJs, 
'  where  the  Circumference  is  in  open  Calamity. 

*  And,  becaufeit  isaliour  Parts  andDuties,  firft 
>  10  God,  and  to  our  Sovereign  Head,  and  our  na- 
■*  tive  Country,  to  apply  all  our  Endeavour,  being 

•  every  one  of  us  called  to  this  Place,  by  fpecial 
*'  Commandment,  in  exprefs  Words,  upon  Con- 

•  fideraiion  of  the  Hardnefs  of  the  Bufinefs,  and  the 
Z  3  '  Perils 


3^0    The  Parliamentary  Hi  sTOB.y 

*  Of  this  Matter  of  Brifau  a  Man  might  eiilargt, 

*  the  Danger  fo  great  to  England,  as  if  he  had  at- 
'  tempted  nothing  at  all  in  Ncrm4ndy  and  Frandi 

*  yet  ilie  Danger  hereof  might  at-'pe^ir  fo  great,  as 
'  ought  to  induce  Englwid  to  fpare  no  Coft  to  with- 
'  ftand  it.     And  herewith  he  is  not  contented  to 

*  feek  ihis  Dukedom,  but  he  deftines  all  his  Forces 
'  to  conquer  the  Kingdom  of  Franciy  the  principal 

*  Kingdom  of  Chrijltridiim:    And,   to  aichieve  hij 

*  Enterprize,  he  hath,  thcfe   two  Years-day  and 

*  more,  corrupted,  with  great  Sums  of  Money  and 

*  large  Penfions,  certain  fatticus  Noblemen,  not 

*  of  the  Bloodof  iTflBcf,  nor  the  great  Officers  of 

*  the  Ctown  j  and  by  them,  and  with  thefe  Rc- 

*  bels,  and  by  waging  of  his  Soldiers  in  fomc  of 

*  the  principrtl  Towns  of  Francf,  as  Parii,  Rean^ 
*.  Orleans,  Lyons,  Tekze,  and  others,  he  hath  pro- 

*  cured  a  Rebellion  againit  the  King,  againft  aU 
^  the  Princes  of  the  Blood,  againft  all  the  great  Of- 

*  (iters  of  the  Crown.  But  finding  thete  Rebels 
'  noi   ftrong  enough   of  ihemfclves,  notwithftan- 

*  ding  they  are  well  waged  by  him  to  withAand 
»  the  King,  he  haih,  to  his  grcjt  Charges,  levied 

*  and  ilntinto  trance,  even  to  Park  and  Keen, 

*  Armies  collefled  of  iVaUQom,  Larainers,  JtaHans, 
'  Speniatdi,  Almaim,  and  Swiizcri.     Wherewith 

*  he  hath  twice  entered  into  France  j  tho'  God 
'  gave  him  no  ?ood  Succels,  but  grest  Lofs  and 
'  Reprotich. 

*  Belides  ihefe  foreign  Armies,  fent  from 
'  Low -Countries,  hehathcaufed  his  Son-in-LaW/ 

*  the  Duke  of  Savoy,  lo  invade  France  by  Pntvenct 

*  anif  Dol^linl ;  and  the  Duke  of  Larain  by  Bur- 
'  gmdy  and  Champaign,  and  to  environ  France. 
'  Further,  he  hath  ient  Armies  by  Sea,  out  of 
'  S^ai'«,  toinvadeLd^^afi^s^.  And  even  now  atthis 
i  p;«'icnr,  aH  thefe  foreign  Forces  are  newly  made 

*  ready  w  enter  into  all  Parts  of  France,  made  by  a 
'  colourable  Affembly  of  the  Rebels  in  Paris,  to 
'  reprefent  the  three  Mates  j  yet  without  a  King, 
'  or  a  Head.     He  intendecb  lo.  be  a  King  of  that 

*  Realm}  or  to   make  his  Daughter  the  Queen, 


Z  1 

and    J 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      361 

*  and  to    appoint  her  a  Hulband,  to  be  as  his  Qa«">Eliwl>eUt. 
'  Vaflal.  'M»-3- 

'  He  hath  alfothe  Pope  fo  addiited  to  him,  as 
'  he  that  never  was  wont  to  lend  lo  any  Parrs  but 

*  only  Italy,  by  Bulls  with  Lead  and  Parchment, 
^  did  now  levy  and  fend    an  Army  into  France. 

*  And  tho'  he  coloureth  it  wiih  Mailer  of  Defence 
'  of  Catholick  Religion,  yet  both  heand  the  King 
■^  of  Spain  make  War  againft  all  the  Princes  of  the 

*  Blood,  and  Officers  of  the  Realm,  being  found 

*  Catholicks.  And  fo  they  have,  by  their  Ambaf- 
'  fades,  lately  advertis'd  the  Po|)e;  as  by  the  Car- 

*  dinal  Gundy,  and  Marquis  Pypny,  ancient  Coun- 

*  ccllors  of  France,  and  Catholicks.  So  as  the 
'  Pretence  of  the  Pope  and  the  King  of  Spain,  in 

*  that  Point,  ate  merely  France, 

'  Thefe  are  the  Dangers  in  France,  and  muft 

*  of  Confequence  draw  England  into  like  Peril ; 

*  without  God's  fpecial  Goodnefs,  and  the  fp^edy 

*  Support  to  be  given  to  her  Majelty  for  Preven- 

*  tion  thereof. 

*  Now  to  manifeftthe  King  of  SpahPa  Attempt 

*  to  invade  England,  whereof  I   think   no  good 

*  Englijhman  fowantofFeelingto  think otherwile, 
'  yet  I  v/iU  remember  to  you  divers  manifeft  Ar- 

*  gumenis  thereof ;  and  afterwards,  to  fppply  the 
'  Want  of  any   Man's  Feeling   only  by  Argu- 

*  menis  or   Tokens,   I  will  declare  to  you  the 

*  very   Truth  of   his  De termination,  by  manifeft 

*  Proofs.  So  as  none  ought  to  think,  becaufe  he 
'  Was  difappointed  of  his  Intention  for  the  Con- 

*  queft  of  England  by  his  huge   Navy,  therefore 

*  he  will  put  that  Difgrace  up,  and  leave  off  wjih 
'  that  Lofs.  But  it  is  certain,  he  hath,  the  two 
'  laft  Years,  builded  a  great  Number  of  Ships  of 

*  War,  as  near  as  he  can  lo  the  Mold  and  Qua- 

*  lityof  the  £n£/(^ Navy;  finding,  by  Expciience, 

*  his  monllrous  great  Ships  not  fit  for  our  narrow  .  , 
■  Seas.     He  hath  lately  armed  a  Number  of  Gal- 

*  lie;  on  the  Coalt  of  Britain,  which  he  intendeih 
s   lo  fend  this  Summer  to  Newhaven.     He  haih  al- 

j-^  foj  thefe  two  Years-day,  both  bought  and  built 
*  great 


36a     The  Parliamentary  History 

QBB»CRnbeth.  *  great  Ships  in  Eajlland.     He   hath,  both  fia 
«5***3*      '  thence,  and  by  Corruption  of  our  faint  and  a 

*  vetous  Neighbours  in  tblland^  recovered,  ifk 

<  Silver  Hooks,  both  Mariners,  Stiips,  Cordage»  n 

*  all  Provifions.  Thefe  being  now  on  the  Pbio 
^  of  Readinefs  to  ferve  on  the  Seas,  a  good  Aigs 

*  Inent  may  be  made.  That  this  Navy  muft  be  fti 

*  England.    For  now  that  he  hath  all  the  Mini' 

<  time  Coaft  of  Britain^  and  that  he  hath,  mtfuh 

*  mandy^  Newhaven^  there  is  no  Service  by  Seats 
'  enter  into  any  Part  of  Ffance  with  this  Navy. 

*  How  he  and  the  Pope  ply  themfelves  to 

*  a  Party  in  England  10  be  ready  to  fecond  hb 

*  vafion,  I  am  forry  ar]d  loth  to  relate  ;  and  bov 
^  far  they  have  prevailed  herein  to  gain  fogrttti 
^  Multitude  of  vulgar  People ;  yea,of  fome  thatin 

<  of  Wealth  and  Countenance,  to  adhere  to  thde 

<  Invaders  at  their  Entry,  with  vain  Hopes  to  Ih' 

<  tain  to  the  Places,  Honours,  and  LiveliboodSi  of' 

*  fuch  as  are  now  known  true,  natural  Eng^^ 

*  men^  and  good  Subjedts. 

•  But  to  fuch  as  thefe  Arguments  wilf  notllif-! 

*  fice  to  be  perluaded,  that  this  Intention  of  the 

<  King  ofSpain^  to  invade  this  Realm,  isceruin^ 

*  this  that  followeth  {hall  fully  fatisfy  any  MiOf* 

*  yea,  any  Man  that  ufeth  to  believe  nothing  uotil^ 

*  he  (hall  fee  it.     There  are  taken  in  Scotland^  and* 

*  imprifoned,  certain  that  came  firft  out  o^Spmni 

*  near  afore  Chrijhnas^  from  the  King;  who  be- 

*  fore  had  been  fent  ourof  Scotland  to  the  Kinj* 

*  o( Spain.    Thefe  Meflengers  brought  AfliiranO^ 

<  to  certain  Noblemen,  of  the  grcateft  Calling  in" 
«  Scotland^  that  if  they  would  fend  their  Bonki' 

*  under  their  Hands  and  Seals,  t6  ferve  the  King 

<  Spain^  for  the  Invafion  of  England^  by 

<  next  Summer,  the  King  would  fend  an  Army 

<  25,000  to  the  Weft  of  5^^/j/irf;  and  would 

*  the  Noblemen  Wages  for  io,qod  Siots^  to 

*  joined  v/ith  2o,ccu  of  bis,  to  invade  Englni 

*  and  woull  keep  5000  of  his  in  Scotland^  toaU 
«  them  to    over-rule  the  King    oi  Scots ^  and  to 

*  change  the  Religion.    This  Accord  was  pci- 

•  «  fcilrf 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      363 


'  icfted  by  three  Noblemen,  Earls  /frrol,  Hunt/ey,  quMn^inStiK 

*  and  Angus  ;  prornifing  their  own  Afliftance,  be-      "59z-3' 

*  fides  Afliirancc,  in  general  Words,  of  divers  more, 

*  not  yet  difcovered.     And  for  an  Eatneft-Penny, 

*  thefe  E;irls  have  received  good  Sums  cf  Money 

*  from  the  Lozv-Couniries. 

*  Now  for  Proof  hereof,  the  Meflenger  that  was 

*  fent,  and  on  Ship-Board,  was  taken;  with  the 
'  Bonds  of  the  Noblemen,  fome  fignedand  fealed 

*  by  ihem  all,  and  of  every  Earl  a  Part,  in  feveral 
'  Bonds  in   Fie/uh  and    Lulin.    The  Meflenger 

*  hath  confefled  the  whole  to  the  King,  who  fo 
'  carefully  proceeded  therein  as  if  he  had  not  tra- 
'  vailed  therein  hlmfelf  j  fuch  of  his  Council  as 

*  were  appointed  to  examine  the  Parues  that  were 

*  taken,  durll  not,  for  fear  of  the  Greatnefs  of  the 
'  Noblemen  that  had  olFendcd,  and  were  not  fled, 

*  examine  the  Meflenger  of  any  thing  that  might 

*  concern   thefe  Noblemen.     They  are  lince  all 

*  fled;  and  the  King  hath  gathered  ofhisgood  Sub- 

*  jedsa  certain  Power  to  purfue  them.     But  it  is 

*  doubled,  that  they  wil!  flee  into  the  Weft  Iflands. 
'  And  from  ihence  either  to  pais  into  5^ii/ff,  or  to 

*  have  Forces  fent  out  of  Sp/ji/i.     But  the  King, 

*  the  Day  before  he  went,  caufcd  one  Fcntry,  an 

*  old  Praflifer  with  Spain,  for  the  Queen  of  SfiJH, 

*  a  Man  of  a  good  Hoyfe  and  great  Wealth,  to  be 
'   executed,  being  a  principal  Contriver  of  this  Con- 

*  fpiracy.     To  animate  the  King  to  follow    this 

*  Adion,    her  Majefty  hath  fent  my   Lord   of 

*  Bourgh. 

'  Thus  far  bavel  obferved  my  Purpofe,  tofliew 

*  the  Danger;  and  to  give  CounieJ  to  the  Remedy, 
'  Hoc  opus,  hie  tahar  eft.     And  I  would  gladly  to 

*  have  fome  Company,    of  whom  I  might  have 

*  fome  Light,  how  to  find  out  the  Darknels  of  the 

*  Queftion;  Wherein,  when  Time  fliall  ferve,  I 

*  livill  not  be   filent,  but   del.'.er  mine  Opinion, 

*  and  reform  it  upo::  good  Ground.' 


364     7bf  TaHiameiaary  HirrocT. 

theft^ar,  mmd  if  tie  X^g  >f  ipao.     &rJ 
fy  the  Ltrd-fnajvtr^  im  Aefmt  Pafer  tmtp  \ 

For  DdcDCe  of  ttte  LmO'Cmatrm  \ 
bjr  Year        . —  / 

For  -he  Charge  in  Mr  fbMeftin^t  7 
Time,  for Ycsra  i 

To  Ihe  Ear ;  of  Ltitejia-  for  Slmet 
To  Su  7a>mdi  Sbir'.ijy  Fti.  1586. 


In  NwmanSj  with  my  Lonl  Wil-  ' 

leughfy,  for  6cco  Men,  ^ 

Id  Harmandj   with   my  Lord  of 

£/$*,wiih ThoufandMcD. 

'   Jd  Britain  with  Sir  y**"  Narris, 

with  4C00  Men.     fn  aiding  the  . 

Fr«(A  King  with  Money.    For  f- 

MaintenanceoftheNavyon  the 

Narrow   Seas,  fomeiimcs  with 

800,  fomctimes  with  70c,  fome- 

limes  wiih  600, 
Befides  llje  ordinary  keeping  of  the' 

846.120  iL 
y     33i,ooofl 

3efides  llje  ordinary  keeping  of  the^ 
Navy  at  tiool.  a  Month  ;  per^  14,400/. 

Annum  .  .  J 

For  the  Office  of  the  Ordnance 


In  all 




.M;r(i  the  24th.     TheCoi^mons  fentupa  Bill 

\  large  SdbGdy.  '"  ''"^  Lords,  which  Was  entitled,  A  Acl  for  tht 

Grant  of  thrte  entire   Subfidies  and  fix  Fifteenths 

anJTcnihSt  ty  thiTemparaHiy  i  and  it   palled  the 

Houfe  of  Lonis,  on  the  joUi,  without  any  Oppo- 


ThiS  is  all  that  the  Jnumah  of  the  Lords  ^n 
but,  ihiit  of  the  Commcmt  b  not  £0  barro 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  a      3^5 

For  after  the  Ceremonies  of  the  Opening  this  Sef-  Q'"*"  Eli"Wc(li 

fion  were  finifhed,  ihe  next  Thing  we  find  enter-      'S'*"'' 

cd,  is,  *  That  on  February  24th  Mr.  Peter  IVent- 

wtrth  and  Sir  Hemy  Bromley  delivered  u  Petition  to 

the  Lord  Keeper,  therein  defiritig  ihe  Lords  of  the 

Upper  Houfe  lo  be  Suppliants,  with  ihcm  of  the 

Lower,  unto  her  IVlaJefty  for  Entailing  the  SuueJJisn 

ef  the  Cmiuii;    for  which  they  had  a  Bill  ready 


This  Matter  was  highly  refenled  by  the  Qiieen, 
as  contrary  to  her  former  ftrift  Commarics.    They 
were  foon  after  called  before  the  Coiincil ;    and, 
though  Ihe  Lords  there  fpokc  favour^tbly  to  them, 
yet,  they  were  loM  tliat  her  Majelty  was  fo  high- 
ly offended  at  them  ihat  they  muft  be  committed. 
Accordingly,  Mr.  Wenlivorth  was  fent  Prifoner  10^^,^^  Mmibtn 
the  Tswer,    Sir  tbrtry  Brornley  10  the  Fleet  -,    and  rommitted  bj 
one  Mr.   Richard  Stevens  and  Mr.  fi'ekh,   two't"'Pn''rCoun- 
other  Members  concerned  in  drawing  the  Petition, f'4j"„^'^,^1^ 
were  fent  to  the  Flee:  with  him.  wetheSuccejUon 

This  is  an  odd  Beginning  of  aParliament;  and"'' ''« Crown, 
(hewed  the  Queen's  Refoluiion  to  maintain  the 
Prerogative  of  the  Crown  in  a  very  high  Degree. 
How  long  ihefe  four  Members  were  confined  is 
uncertain;  for,  on  the  loth  of  Alarih  one  Mt. 
ff^rgtb,  we  are  told,  moved  the  Houfe,  on  the 
Subfidy-Bill,  '  That  fince  Tome  Countries  might 
complain  of  thefe  very  large  Taxations,  their 
Knights  and  EurgelTes  never  confeniing,  not  being 
prefent  at  the  Grant:  And,  becaule,  an  Inftru- 
meiltj  by  taking  away  fome  of  its  Strings,  can  give 
but  an  unpleafant Sound:    Therefore,  he  defired       ,  ,  . 

that  the  Houie  would  be  humble  Suitors  to  heroifch"^" 
Majefty,  that  fhe  wuulii  be  pleafcd  to  fet  at  Liberty 
tbofe  Members  01  it  thai  were  reftrained.' 

This  was  oppofed  by  all  ihc  Membi-rs  of  the 
Privy-Counci!  in  i\i.n  Houfe  j  who  argued  '  That 
her  Majefty  had  cjinmitted  them  for  Reatons  bell 
known  !o  htrfelf  1  and  for  them  !o  prefs  her  in  that 
Suit  was  but  to  make  their  Cale  the  worfe.    They 

added,  that  it  was  not  to  be  doubled  but  her  Ma-  

Ekftyi  of  her  gracious  Difpofition,  would  Ihorily  do 





m  uk  ■ 

^66    The  ^Parliamentary  History. 

'  it  of  Iier  own  Accord,  and  that  it  was  much  better 
to  have  it  left  to  heifelf  than  fought  for  by  ihcm.' 
It  is  ftrange  that  Ccmbdcn  hath  not  one  Word 
of  this  memorable  Accident,  who  was  CotempCK 
rary  and  muft  be  acquainted  with  it.  However^ 
this  Severity  of  the  Qyeen's  had  its  Effect;  For  \ 
more  Mention  is  made  of  Settling  the  SucceHIon 
this  Parliament,  nor  in  any  other  of  her  Reign. 
On  the  26th  of  Fekmnry,  the  Bufmefs  of  a  Sup- 
he  P'y  "'^^  moved  in  this  Houfe ;  our  Jour^aUft  is 
■n  very  particular  in  iheSpceches  made  on  that  Occa- 
fion,  by  the  Minifters  of  State  who  were  Members 
of  that  Houfe,  is'c.  We  are  told  they  were  not 
entered  in  the  Original  Journal  Book  of  the  Com- 
mons, but  taken  frotr.  an  Anonymous  Manufcript 
yournal,  kept  by  fome  Member  of  it.  This  Gen- 
tleman proves  to  be  Heyweed  Timnjhendy  Efq; 
who  hath  left  a  CclleiStion  of  all  the  Proceedings 
in  the  four  laft  Parliaments  of  Elizabeth,  whicb 
were  printed,  Fsl'io,  Lstiden  1680.  The  Journals 
of  Sir  Symonds  Dewa  were  not  publifhed  till  two 
Years  after,  but  then  they  were  pofthumous,  and 
dedicated  to  Sir  W.ll.ughby  Dciuei  his  Son ;  lb  that 
it  is  probable  he  never  knew  who  was  the  Author 
of  the  former.  This  being  premifed, 
proceed  to  the  Speeches  on  the  Supply,  and 
Sir  R<.beTt  ddi 

Mr.  Speaker, 

'  As  I  remember,  I  have  been  of  this  Houfe 

*  ihefe  five  Pariiamenis;  and  I  have  not  dciermi- 
'  ned  to  fay  any  thing,  in  thcfe  AflemblieSi  further 
'  than  my  Cogitatioiw  fliould  concur  with  my  Con- 
'  fcience  in  faying  bare  Ae,  or  No.  Give  me  leave, 
'  I  pray  you,  to  rehearfe  an  old  Saying,  and  it  is 
'  in  Latin,  Nee  te  allaudss,  nee  te  vitupcns  ipjs; 
'  for  me  to  do  the  one  were  exceeding  Arrogancy, 

*  and  to  do  the  other,  1  do  confcfs,  I  hope,  you 

*  will  pardon  me, 

*  The  Occafion  ot  this  Parliament,  as  I  take  it  J 

'  by  that  which  we  received  from  the  honourablei 

'  and  learned  Speech  of  the  Lord  Keeper  of  and 'I 





0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      -^.tij 

*  from  her  Majefty  to  us  in  llie  Higher  Houfe,    isi^atnElinbeili. 

*  for  the  Cauie  of  Religion  and  Maintenance  iherc-      '591-1. 
'  of  junongft  us,  the  Piefervation  of  her  Majeftv's 

*  mod  Royal  Pcrfon,  and  the  Good  of  this  Kenlni 
'  of  our  Country.  All  which  becauie  ihey  be 
'  things  of  mull  dear  and  greateft  Price,  and  at 

*  this  prefent  in  exceeding  great  and   imminent 

*  Danger,  it  is  moft  behoofFul  to  confult  of  fpeedy 
'  Remedies,  which  fhould  proceed  from  the  wifeft 

*  Heads.  The  Enemy  to  ihcfe  is  the  King  of 
'  Spahf  whofe  Malice  and  Ambition  is  fuch,  as 

*  together  with  the  Pope-,  that  Antichrift  of  Rome^ 

*  (for  I  may  well  couple  them  together,  the  one 

*  being  always  accompanied  with  Envy   at  our 

*  Profperity,  the  other  with  unfatiableDelire}  makes 

*  them  by  all  Means  to  feek  the  Subverfion  of  the 
•Stale.     But  concerning  the  firft,  The  Caufe  of 

*  God  and  his  Religion,  which  her  Majefty  pro- 
'  felled  befor*  fhe  came  to  lit  in  this  Roya!  Seat, 

*  which  (he  hith  defended  and  mainlained,  and  for 

*  which  Caufe  God  hath  fo  bleflbd  her  Govern-  , 
'  ihent  fince  her  Coming  to  the  Ciown:     Yea, 

*  while  the  Crown  was  icarce  warm  on  her  Head, 
■  flie  abolifhed  the  Auihorjty  of  Rome^  and  did  fet 

*  up  God's  Truth  amongft  us;  and  to  her  great 
'  Renown  made  this  iiiile  Land  10  be  a  Sandtuary 
'  for  all  the  perfecuted  Saints  of  God  :    Whereby 

'  the  People  perceived  her  Magnanimity,  Zeal  and  * 

*  Judgment;  Magnanimity  in  undertaking  fo  great 

*  an  Enterprize ;  Zeal  in  profelTmg  the  fame,  not 
'  for  the  Shew,  but  of  Sincerity  ;  Judgment  in  de- 

*  fending  it   and    preventins  all  the  Pope\  De- 

*  ligns.    He  Tent  forth  his  Bulls  andMiffives  againlt 

*  her  Majefty,  thereby  unnaturally  depriving  her 

*  of  her   natural   Right,    the  Du[y  and  Loyalty 

*  which  herSubje^s  Ihould  oweunioher,  £;ff.    He 

*  touched  the  many  Dangers  her  Majefty  had  been 

*  in,  which  as  it  caufed  him  to  fear  10  think,  fo  did 

*  he  tremble  to  fpeak  concerning  the  Danger  of  our 

*  Country,  and  lb  the  Lois  of  our  Lives,  Liber- 

*  ties,  Wives,  Children,  and  all  other  Privileges. 

*  Let  pie  not  trouble  you  with  things  psft  fo  long, 

*  and 


3  (58     7/jeTarliamerittiryHisroR.r     ^ 

QiKenElitabcth.  •  and  perhaps  beyond  my  Reach,  but  with  Things 
'i9»-J-  *  pall  of  late  Years  and  fince  Eighty  Eight.  When. 
'  we  were  fo  fecure,  and  never  thought  that  the 
'  King  of  Spain  would  have  fet  up  his  Reft  for 
'  England:  Then  Cent  lie  hb  Navy  termed  luviri' 
'  cible,  and  was  almoft  upon  the  Backs  of  us  before 
'  we  were  aware.  Yea,  we  were  fo  flack  in  Pro- 
'  vifion,  that  it  was  too  late  to  make  Refiftance, 
'  had  not  God  preferved  us.  His  Attempt  againft 
'us,  by  feekiagto  win  the  £ow-Csaa/rw  and  to 
'  obtain  hdaiid,  being  but  Trifles  and  paultry  De- 
'  vices,  which  I  mean  not  to  trouble  you  with ;  be 
'  hath  now  of  late  gone  about  to  win  Framt, 
'  wherein  he  haih  greatly  prevailed,  a?  in  Larroia 
'  and  in  other  Parts,   as  you  have  heard,    but  fpe- 

*  cially  in  Brltatiy,  having  moft  Part  of  the  Port- 

*  Towns  in  his  PolTelTion,  whiilier  he  ftill  fendcth 
'  Supply  daily,  and  reinforces  them  every  four  or 
'  five  Months,  which  Port  is  always  open  and  his 
'  Men  and  Forces  never  wanting.     This  Province 

*  he  cfpecially  defireth,  for  it  lyelh  moft  filly  to 
'  annoy  us,  whither  he  may  fend  Forces  contJnual- 
'  ly,  and  there  have  his  Navy  in  a  Readinefs  j   the 

*  which  he  could  not  fo  eafily,  unlefs  he  had  tht 
'  Wind  in  a  Bag.  Befijes,  having  this  Province, 
'  he  will  keep  us  from  Traffick  to  Refheil  and 
'  Bordeaux,  as  he  doth  in  the  Sireights  from  Tri- 
'/■:/>  riod  St.  yean  de  Luze :  And  lb  hinder  us  from 

*  carrying  Ibtth  and  bringing  into  this  Land  any 
'  Commodities  from  ihofe  Pans,  wheieby  the 
'  Realm  might  be  inriched  and  her  M.ijefty's  Iin- 
'  poll  incrcafcd,  being  one  of  the  greateft  Reve- 
'nuesof  htr  Crown-     He  haih  alfo  gone  about 

*  with  them  of  Stode  and  the  King  of  Poland,  one 

*  of  his  own  Failion,  and  who  by  reafon  he  can- 
'  not  do  in  that  Kingdom  what  he  Hftcth,  he  may 
'  not  lb  ealily  command  him  to  impede,  or  hin- 
'  der  our  Traffick  in  ihofe  Eaftern  Pans,  whidi  if 

*  he  could  bring  to  pafs,  you  fee  how  hurtful  it 
'  woiald  be  to  this  Land. 

*  But  to  defcend  yet  lower  into  thefe  latter  Ac- 

*  tiotis.     He  hath  leen  it  is  but  a  Folly  to  make 
*  Wooden- 

0/    ENGLAND.      3^^ 

'  Wooden-Bridges  to  pafs  into  England,  lt>erefore  Q„„n  Eiij,t,[l,  ' 
'  he  harh  found  out  a  furer  Way  and  ftronger  Paf-        ijgi-j. 
'  (age  into  it  by  Land,  and  that  hy  Scsthnd;  which 

*  ihougli  it  be  not  talked  of  on  the  Exchange,  nor 
'  preached  at  Pc-a/'s  Crofs,  yet  it  is  inoft  true ;  an4 
'  in  Scsiland  as  common  as  the  High-way,  "  That 
"  he  hath  procured  unto  him  many  of  the  Nobility 
"  there.'  It  may  be  he  haih  fent  thither  no  great 
'  Navy,  and  that  her  Majefty  would  not  fuffcr  hiin 
'to  do;    yet  do  what  ihe  car,  fomc  one  Paltry 

*  Fly-Boat  may  efcape  her  Majefty's  Shifls,  and 
'  carry  Gold  enough  in  her  to  make  them  Traitors, 

*  and  ftir  them   10  Sedition.     Thefe  Things  her 

*  Majefty  underftood  before,    and  adveriifed  the 

*  King  thereof;    which  the  EfFefl  hath  proved  to 

*  be  true.     For  unlefs  1  bedeceived,    the  lift  Lct- 

*  tors,  that  came  from  thence,  might  flieiv  that  the 
'  King  is  gone  to  make  a  Road  into  the  North,  and 
'  to  bring  back  the  Lord  BBthwell  and  the  Lord 

*  Huniky.  The  King  of  Spain's  Malice  ibuE  daily 
'  increafeih  agsinll  us,  and  feeketh  alfo  to  ftir  up 
'  Sedition  amongft  \ii  by  bis  In(lrumi--nls.  The 
'  Number  alfo  of  Ptipijfs  daily  increafeih,  or  at 
'  leftwife  becomes  more  manifeft.     My  Advice  is, 

*  that  you  would  confult  how  to  withftand  fuch 
'  imminent  Dangers,  which  the  greater  they  be, 
'  the  fooner  they  ihould  be  looked  mto  and  remem- 
'  bred.  Wherefore  I  would  defire  Mr.  Speaker, 
'  rhar  he  would  appoint  fome  Committees  of  the 
'  fufficienttft  and  wjleft  Men  in  the  Houfe  to  con- 
'  lider  thereon,' 

Then  Sir  John  miUy  fpake  to  the  like  Ef- 
feft,  faying,  '  That  upon  ihc  Caufe  of  the  Dan- 
'  ger  the  Realm  was  now  in,  anJ  of  the  Remedy, 
his  Speech  (houU  confift  ;  wh  ch  he  likened  to  a 
natural  Body,  in  which  the  more  Danger  the 
principal  Member  wa?  in,  the  greater  Means  there 
iliould  be  ufed  fur  the  Prefervaiion  thereof. 
Roan  being  made  now  Admiral  of  France  by 
theCcague,  (hould  fay,  that  he  was  a  poor  Ad- 
miral now,  but  yet  he  doubted  not,  bQf  thatthorc- 
VOL.  iV,  A  a  My 

J  68     Jhe  TarHametitary  HisTO. 

■!>■  •  and  perhaps  beyond  my  Reach,  but  with,  ^ 

*  part  of  laie  Years  and  fince  Eighty  Eigh,"" 
'  we  were  lb  fecure,  and  never  ihoup' ' 

*  King  of  Spain  would  have  fet   up 
'  England:    Then  fent  lie  his  Nav 
'  clhle^  and  was  almoft  upon  the  '' 

*  we  were  aware.     Yea,  we  w 
'  vifion,  that  it  was  loo  late 
'  had  not  God  preferved  us 

*  us,   by  feeking  to  win  ih' 
'  obtain  Ireland,  being  br 

*  vices,  which  I  mean  n 

*  hath  now  of   late 

*  wherein  he  huh  gr 
'  and  in  other  Par 
'  daily  in  Bri:ar 




jcfs  being 

.tJ3t  Houfe 


.  difpaich  and  end 

.iiiglit   be.     He  alto 

,  J  troubled  our  Fifhet- 

;on  the  Sca-coafta.    And 

,ht  be  committed  to  fome 

'  Towns  in  h^        -'t  ^^  'he  Houle.     He  alfo 

*  Supply  dap  ^uie  to  a  {\Kedy  Agreeing  of  a  Sulj- 
'  five  Mod'  ^jiic^.  confidering  the  Dangers  we  were 
'  Men  an'  j'fWi  it  was  for  our  own  Good,  as  alfo, 
'  he  efp  ,  Afajefty'a,  he  hoped  that  no  good  Suhjefl 
'  annr  y^ld  willingly  agree  lo  it.  Alio,  he  (hew- 
'  ly.      -^jSa:  the  Wars  wiih  ibe  King  of  Spuln  had 

*  V"      '^ftcr  Majefty  a  Million  of  Money :   But  this 

*  "/^fotjched,  that  where  it  coft  her  Majefty 
'/coft  tfie  King  of  Spain  three." 


rhen  S\xji>hti  Fertefiue  faid,  *  They  that  jpL_ 
.fcerore  me,    Ipake  fufficienily  of  the  Authors  of 

*  our  Troubles,  of  the  great  Danger  which  is  now 

*  imminent,    infomuch  that  it  is   come   to    this 

*  Point  now,  Nori  uln'iin  irnperure,  fed  utrum  vi- 

*  vtre.  I  will  Jpeak  of  nothing  but  that  which